Changeset 3055 for Tutorials/2DTexture


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Sep 8, 2017 1:47:41 PM (4 years ago)
Author:
vondreele
Message:

update for 2 frame

Location:
Tutorials/2DTexture
Files:
115 added
51 deleted
53 edited

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
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  • Tutorials/2DTexture/Texture analysis of 2D data in GSAS-II.htm

    r2385 r3055  
    2424 <o:DocumentProperties>
    2525  <o:Author>Von Dreele</o:Author>
    26   <o:LastAuthor>Von Dreele</o:LastAuthor>
    27   <o:Revision>10</o:Revision>
    28   <o:TotalTime>2143</o:TotalTime>
     26  <o:LastAuthor>vondreele</o:LastAuthor>
     27  <o:Revision>12</o:Revision>
     28  <o:TotalTime>2274</o:TotalTime>
    2929  <o:Created>2015-05-14T17:06:00Z</o:Created>
    30   <o:LastSaved>2016-07-28T18:35:00Z</o:LastSaved>
    31   <o:Pages>54</o:Pages>
    32   <o:Words>4339</o:Words>
    33   <o:Characters>24736</o:Characters>
     30  <o:LastSaved>2017-09-08T18:45:00Z</o:LastSaved>
     31  <o:Pages>47</o:Pages>
     32  <o:Words>4356</o:Words>
     33  <o:Characters>24830</o:Characters>
    3434  <o:Company>Argonne National Laboratory</o:Company>
    3535  <o:Lines>206</o:Lines>
    3636  <o:Paragraphs>58</o:Paragraphs>
    37   <o:CharactersWithSpaces>29017</o:CharactersWithSpaces>
     37  <o:CharactersWithSpaces>29128</o:CharactersWithSpaces>
    3838  <o:Version>16.00</o:Version>
    3939 </o:DocumentProperties>
     
    4949 <w:WordDocument>
    5050  <w:View>Print</w:View>
     51  <w:Zoom>124</w:Zoom>
    5152  <w:SpellingState>Clean</w:SpellingState>
    5253  <w:GrammarState>Clean</w:GrammarState>
     
    678679        mso-generic-font-family:swiss;
    679680        mso-font-pitch:variable;
    680         mso-font-signature:-536870145 1073786111 1 0 415 0;}
     681        mso-font-signature:-536859905 -1073732485 9 0 511 0;}
    681682@font-face
    682683        {font-family:Tahoma;
     
    14131414        mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    14141415        mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri;
    1415         mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}
     1416        mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
     1417        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     1418        mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}
    14161419</style>
    14171420<![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
     
    15231526  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    15241527</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=357 height=56
    1525 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image002.png"
     1528src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image051.png"
    15261529v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]></p>
    15271530
     
    15471550  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    15481551</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=43 height=35
    1549 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image004.png"
     1552src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image052.png"
    15501553v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
    15511554style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>and <!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMath><m:sSubSup><m:sSubSupPr><span
     
    15651568  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    15661569</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=40 height=35
    1567 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
     1570src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image053.png"
    15681571v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>, take on values according
    15691572to the crystal and sample symmetries, respectively, and thus the two inner
     
    15901593  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    15911594</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=39 height=35
    1592 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image008.png"
     1595src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image054.png"
    15931596v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
    15941597style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>terms are nonzero so the rest are excluded
     
    16081611  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    16091612</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=28 height=35
    1610 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image010.png"
     1613src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image055.png"
    16111614v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>coefficients is sufficient
    16121615to describe the effect on the diffraction patterns due to texture. The crystal
     
    16271630  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    16281631</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=43 height=35
    1629 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image012.png"
     1632src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image056.png"
    16301633v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>, is defined for each
    16311634reflection, h, <i>via</i> polar and azimuthal coordinates (<span
     
    16531656  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    16541657</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=40 height=35
    1655 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
     1658src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image053.png"
    16561659v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>, is defined according to
    16571660polar and azimuthal coordinates (<span style='font-family:Symbol'>y</span>, <span
     
    17241727"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;
    17251728mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
    1726  id="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:320.95pt;height:54pt'>
     1729 id="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:321pt;height:54pt'>
    17271730 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image013.png"
    17281731  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    17291732</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=428 height=72
    1730 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image014.png"
     1733src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image057.png"
    17311734v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><br style='mso-special-character:
    17321735line-break'>
     
    18101813  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    18111814</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=45 height=67
    1812 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image016.png"
     1815src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image058.png"
    18131816v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
    18141817style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>and<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>   </span><i>tan</i>(<span
     
    18471850  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    18481851</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=107 height=67
    1849 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image018.png"
     1852src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image059.png"
    18501853v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]></p>
    18511854
     
    18671870  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    18681871</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=62 height=35
    1869 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image020.png"
     1872src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image060.png"
    18701873v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
    18711874style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>and <!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMath><m:sSubSup><m:sSubSupPr><span
     
    18851888  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    18861889</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=57 height=35
    1887 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image022.png"
     1890src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image061.png"
    18881891v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>, are developed from</p>
    18891892
     
    19401943  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    19411944</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=220 height=56
    1942 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image024.png"
     1945src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image062.png"
    19431946v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]></p>
    19441947
     
    19641967  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    19651968</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=44 height=35
    1966 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image026.png"
     1969src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image063.png"
    19671970v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>, are defined via a Fourier
    19681971expansion as</p>
     
    20162019  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    20172020</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=206 height=70
    2018 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image028.png"
     2021src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image064.png"
    20192022v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]></p>
    20202023
     
    20702073  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    20712074</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=211 height=70
    2072 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image030.png"
     2075src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image067.png"
    20732076v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]></p>
    20742077
     
    20922095  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    20932096</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=33 height=35
    2094 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image032.png"
     2097src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image068.png"
    20952098v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>.<span
    20962099style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>These Fourier coefficients are determined so
     
    22192222  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    22202223</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=565 height=74
    2221 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image034.png"
     2224src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image069.png"
    22222225v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]></p>
    22232226
     
    22572260  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    22582261</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=148 height=35
    2259 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image036.png"
     2262src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image070.png"
    22602263v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
    22612264style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>and <!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMath><m:func><m:funcPr><span
     
    22922295  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    22932296</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=134 height=35
    2294 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image038.png"
     2297src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image071.png"
    22952298v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
    22962299style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>are combined depending on the symmetry and the
     
    23132316  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    23142317</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=64 height=35
    2315 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image040.png"
     2318src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image072.png"
    23162319v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
    23172320style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>and <!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMath><m:sSubSup><m:sSubSupPr><span
     
    23322335  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    23332336</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=60 height=35
    2334 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image042.png"
     2337src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image073.png"
    23352338v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>.<span
    23362339style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>For cubic crystal symmetry, the term <!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMath><m:sSubSup><m:sSubSupPr><span
     
    23512354  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    23522355</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=64 height=35
    2353 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image040.png"
     2356src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image072.png"
    23542357v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
    23552358style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>is obtained directly from the Fourier
     
    24122415  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    24132416</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=258 height=70
    2414 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image044.png"
     2417src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image074.png"
    24152418v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]></p>
    24162419
     
    24312434  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    24322435</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=30 height=35
    2433 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image046.png"
     2436src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image075.png"
    24342437v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>, as tabulated by Bunge
    24352438(1982). </p>
     
    24532456  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    24542457</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=29 height=35
    2455 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image048.png"
     2458src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image076.png"
    24562459v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]>, and the three sample
    24572460orientation angles, <span style='font-family:Symbol'>W</span><sub>s</sub>, <span
     
    24742477  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    24752478</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=29 height=35
    2476 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image048.png"
     2479src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image076.png"
    24772480v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
    24782481style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>and the sample orientation angles <span
     
    25322535  o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
    25332536</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=241 height=72
    2534 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image050.png"
     2537src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image077.png"
    25352538v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]></p>
    25362539
    25372540<p class=gsastext style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:12.0pt;
    2538 margin-left:0in;line-height:115%'>If the texture is random then J = 1, otherwise
    2539 J &gt; 1; for a single crystal J = <span style='font-family:Symbol'>¥.</span> </p>
     2541margin-left:0in;line-height:115%'>If the texture is random then J = 1,
     2542otherwise J &gt; 1; for a single crystal J = <span style='font-family:Symbol'>¥.</span>
     2543</p>
    25402544
    25412545<p class=gsastext style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:12.0pt;
    25422546margin-left:0in;line-height:115%'>In GSAS-II the texture is defined in two ways
    2543 to accommodate the two possible uses of this correction. In one a suite of
     2547to accommodate the two possible uses of this correction. In one, a suite of
    25442548spherical harmonics coefficients is defined for the texture of a phase in the
    25452549sample; this can have any of the possible sample symmetries and is the usual
    25462550result desired for texture analysis. The other is the suite of spherical
    2547 harmonics terms for cylindrical sample symmetry for each phase in each powder
    2548 pattern (“histogram”) and is usually used to accommodate preferred orientation
    2549 effects in a Rietveld refinement. The former description allows refinement of
    2550 the sample orientation zeros, <span style='font-family:Symbol'>W</span><sub>s</sub>,
     2551harmonics terms for cylindrical sample symmetry for each phase in each powder pattern
     2552(“histogram”) and is usually used to accommodate preferred orientation effects
     2553in a Rietveld refinement. The former description allows refinement of the
     2554sample orientation zeros, <span style='font-family:Symbol'>W</span><sub>s</sub>,
    25512555<span style='font-family:Symbol'>C</span><sub>s</sub>, <span style='font-family:
    25522556Symbol'>F</span><sub>s</sub>, but the latter description does not (they are
     
    25772581entries are listed in <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    25782582style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    2579 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
    2580 minor-latin'>bold face</span></b> below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    2581 style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    2582 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     2583mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>bold face</span></b>
     2584below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     2585mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
    25832586minor-latin'>Help/About GSAS-II</span></b>, which lists first the name of the
    25842587menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
    25852588"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
    2586 minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help</span></b>)
    2587 and second the name of the entry in the menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     2589minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help</span></b>) and second the
     2590name of the entry in the menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     2591style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     2592mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).
     2593</p>
     2594
     2595<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Use the <b
     2596style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     2597mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Import/Image/from
     2598GE image file</span></b> menu item to read the data file into the current
     2599GSAS-II project. A file selection dialog will be shown; its appearance will
     2600depend on your OS. Change the search directory to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    25882601normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
    2589 minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
    2590 mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>). </p>
    2591 
    2592 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Use the <b
    2593 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    2594 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Data/Read image
    2595 data</span></b> menu item to read the data file into the current GSAS-II
    2596 project. A file selection dialog will be shown; its appearance will depend on
    2597 your OS. Change the search directory to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    2598 style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    2599 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
    2600 minor-latin'>2DTexture/data </span></b>and then select the file <b
    2601 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    2602 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>NDC5_01588_1.ge2</span></b>.
    2603 A (faint) image will appear</p>
    2604 
    2605 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2606 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_29"
    2607  o:spid="_x0000_i1081" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    2608  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2609  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image051.png"
    2610   o:title=""/>
    2611 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    2612 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image051.png"
    2613 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_29"><![endif]></span></p>
    2614 
    2615 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>and the <b
    2616 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    2617 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image
    2618 Controls</span></b> data page will show</p>
    2619 
    2620 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2621 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_30"
    2622  o:spid="_x0000_i1080" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:472.5pt;height:388.5pt;
    2623  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2624  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image052.png"
    2625   o:title=""/>
    2626 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=630 height=518
    2627 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image052.png"
    2628 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_30"><![endif]></span></p>
     2602minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2DTexture/data
     2603</span></b>and then select the file <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     2604style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     2605mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>NDC5_01588_1.ge2</span></b>. An image will
     2606appear</p>
     2607
     2608<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2609style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_58"
     2610 o:spid="_x0000_i1081" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     2611 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2612 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image105.png"
     2613  o:title=""/>
     2614</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     2615src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image078.png"
     2616v:shapes="Picture_x0020_58"><![endif]></span></p>
     2617
     2618<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2619class=GramE>and</span> the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     2620style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     2621mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> data page will show</p>
     2622
     2623<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2624style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_59"
     2625 o:spid="_x0000_i1080" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:291.75pt;
     2626 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2627 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image107.png"
     2628  o:title=""/>
     2629</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=389
     2630src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image163.png"
     2631v:shapes="Picture_x0020_59"><![endif]></span></p>
    26292632
    26302633<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>The detector
    26312634was previously calibrated and the coefficients are stored in a file found by
    2632 doing <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    2633 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Load
    2634 Controls</span></b> from the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    2635 style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    2636 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> menu. A file
    2637 selection popup will appear showing <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    2638 style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    2639 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>NDC5.imctrl</span></b>; select it and press <b
    2640 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    2641 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Open</span></b>.
    2642 The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     2635doing <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     2636style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     2637mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Parms</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     2638normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     2639minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>/Load Controls</span></b> from
     2640the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    26432641mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image
    2644 Controls</span></b> window will be repainted with the new values (do a reselect
    2645 of the image from the tree and then <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    2646 style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    2647 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> to make sure the
    2648 image is up to date.)</p>
    2649 
    2650 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2651 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_31"
    2652  o:spid="_x0000_i1079" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:472.5pt;height:388.5pt;
    2653  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2654  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image053.png"
    2655   o:title=""/>
    2656 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=630 height=518
    2657 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image053.png"
    2658 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_31"><![endif]></span></p>
     2642Controls</span></b> menu. A file selection popup will appear showing <b
     2643style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     2644mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>NDC5.imctrl</span></b>;
     2645select it and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     2646style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     2647mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Open</span></b>. The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     2648normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     2649minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> window
     2650will be repainted with the new values and the image will be redrawn.</p>
     2651
     2652<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2653style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_60"
     2654 o:spid="_x0000_i1079" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:291.75pt;
     2655 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2656 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image109.png"
     2657  o:title=""/>
     2658</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=389
     2659src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image164.png"
     2660v:shapes="Picture_x0020_60"><![endif]></span></p>
    26592661
    26602662<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>The detail in
     
    26752677
    26762678<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2677 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_32"
    2678  o:spid="_x0000_i1078" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    2679  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2680  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image054.png"
    2681   o:title=""/>
    2682 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    2683 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image054.png"
    2684 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_32"><![endif]></span></p>
    2685 
    2686 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>For texture
    2687 analysis we will need to integrate the image into a number of slices sampling the
     2679style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_61"
     2680 o:spid="_x0000_i1078" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:391.5pt;
     2681 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2682 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image111.png"
     2683  o:title=""/>
     2684</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=522
     2685src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image165.png"
     2686v:shapes="Picture_x0020_61"><![endif]></span></p>
     2687
     2688<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>For texture analysis
     2689we will need to integrate the image into a number of slices sampling the
    26882690changing ring intensity with azimuthal angle. Also note that the image seems to
    26892691have <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     
    27232725
    27242726<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2725 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_33"
    2726  o:spid="_x0000_i1077" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    2727  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2728  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image055.png"
    2729   o:title=""/>
    2730 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    2731 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image055.png"
    2732 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_33"><![endif]></span></p>
     2727style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_62"
     2728 o:spid="_x0000_i1077" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:391.5pt;
     2729 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2730 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image113.png"
     2731  o:title=""/>
     2732</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=522
     2733src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image166.png"
     2734v:shapes="Picture_x0020_62"><![endif]></span></p>
    27332735
    27342736<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>The <b
     
    27382740
    27392741<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2740 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_34"
    2741  o:spid="_x0000_i1076" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:472.5pt;height:388.5pt;
    2742  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2743  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image056.png"
    2744   o:title=""/>
    2745 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=630 height=518
    2746 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image056.png"
    2747 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_34"><![endif]></span></p>
     2742style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_63"
     2743 o:spid="_x0000_i1076" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:291.75pt;
     2744 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2745 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image115.png"
     2746  o:title=""/>
     2747</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=389
     2748src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image167.png"
     2749v:shapes="Picture_x0020_63"><![endif]></span></p>
    27482750
    27492751<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>It turns out
     
    27552757
    27562758<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2757 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_35"
    2758  o:spid="_x0000_i1075" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:297.75pt;height:99.75pt;
    2759  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2760  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image057.png"
    2761   o:title=""/>
    2762 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=397 height=133
    2763 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image057.png"
    2764 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_35"><![endif]></span></p>
     2759style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_64"
     2760 o:spid="_x0000_i1075" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:143.25pt;
     2761 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2762 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image117.png"
     2763  o:title=""/>
     2764</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=191
     2765src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image168.png"
     2766v:shapes="Picture_x0020_64"><![endif]></span></p>
    27652767
    27662768<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Change the <b
     
    27752777
    27762778<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2777 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_36"
    2778  o:spid="_x0000_i1074" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    2779  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2780  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image058.png"
    2781   o:title=""/>
    2782 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    2783 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image058.png"
    2784 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_36"><![endif]></span></p>
    2785 
    2786 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>for one ring.
    2787 This level is too low. Return to the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    2788 style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    2789 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> item in the data
    2790 tree.</p>
     2779style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_65"
     2780 o:spid="_x0000_i1074" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:391.5pt;
     2781 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2782 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image119.png"
     2783  o:title=""/>
     2784</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=522
     2785src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image169.png"
     2786v:shapes="Picture_x0020_65"><![endif]></span></p>
     2787
     2788<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2789class=GramE>for</span> one ring. This level is too low. Return to the <b
     2790style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     2791mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image
     2792Controls</span></b> item in the data tree.</p>
    27912793
    27922794<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>We are now
    27932795ready to integrate the image; do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    27942796style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    2795 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Integrate</span></b> from the <b
     2797mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Integration/Integrate</span></b> from the <b
    27962798style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    27972799mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image
     
    28002802
    28012803<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2802 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_37"
    2803  o:spid="_x0000_i1073" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    2804  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2805  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image059.png"
    2806   o:title=""/>
    2807 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    2808 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image059.png"
    2809 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_37"><![endif]></span></p>
     2804style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_66"
     2805 o:spid="_x0000_i1073" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:391.5pt;
     2806 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2807 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image121.png"
     2808  o:title=""/>
     2809</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=522
     2810src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image170.png"
     2811v:shapes="Picture_x0020_66"><![endif]></span></p>
    28102812
    28112813<h2 style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:12.0pt;margin-left:
     
    28472849mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>0.005</span></b> for both.<br>
    28482850Use the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    2849 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Data/Add
     2851mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Data/Add new
    28502852phase</span></b> to enter the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    28512853style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     
    28632865minor-latin'>Atoms</span></b> tab begin by doing <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    28642866normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
    2865 minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Append atom</span></b> twice
    2866 then fill in the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
    2867 "Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
    2868 minor-latin'>Type</span></b> and coordinates boxes. A double click of the <b
    2869 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    2870 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Type</span></b>
    2871 entry will show a popup of the Periodic Table; select the element as
    2872 appropriate. NB: GSAS-II happily takes “1/2” &amp; “1/4” for coordinate values;
    2873 these get converted to their decimal equivalent upon entry. Note the use of a
    2874 nonstandard space group designation for B19’. When done the B2 Atoms table
    2875 should look like</p>
    2876 
    2877 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2878 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_38"
    2879  o:spid="_x0000_i1072" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:166.5pt;
    2880  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2881  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image060.png"
    2882   o:title=""/>
    2883 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=222
    2884 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image060.png"
    2885 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_38"><![endif]></span></p>
    2886 
    2887 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>and the B19’
    2888 Atoms table should be</p>
    2889 
    2890 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2891 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_39"
    2892  o:spid="_x0000_i1071" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:163.5pt;
    2893  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2894  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image061.png"
    2895   o:title=""/>
    2896 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=218
    2897 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image061.png"
    2898 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_39"><![endif]></span></p>
     2867minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Atoms/Append atom</span></b>
     2868twice then fill in the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     2869style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     2870mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Type</span></b> and coordinates boxes. A
     2871double click of the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     2872style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     2873mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Type</span></b> entry will show a popup of
     2874the Periodic Table; select the element as appropriate. NB: GSAS-II happily
     2875takes “1/2” &amp; “1/4” for coordinate values; these get converted to their
     2876decimal equivalent upon entry. Note the use of a nonstandard space group
     2877designation for B19’. When done the B2 Atoms table should look like</p>
     2878
     2879<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2880style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_68"
     2881 o:spid="_x0000_i1072" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:132pt;
     2882 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2883 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image123.png"
     2884  o:title=""/>
     2885</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=176
     2886src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image171.png"
     2887v:shapes="Picture_x0020_68"><![endif]></span></p>
     2888
     2889<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2890class=GramE>and</span> the B19’ Atoms table should be</p>
     2891
     2892<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2893style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_69"
     2894 o:spid="_x0000_i1071" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:132pt;
     2895 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2896 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image125.png"
     2897  o:title=""/>
     2898</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=176
     2899src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image172.png"
     2900v:shapes="Picture_x0020_69"><![endif]></span></p>
    28992901
    29002902<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Next go to the
     
    29032905tab for each phase; there will be a message indicating the lack of data for
    29042906each. Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    2905 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Add
     2907mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Add
    29062908powder histograms</span></b>, do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    29072909style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     
    29122914
    29132915<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2914 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_40"
    2915  o:spid="_x0000_i1070" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:342.75pt;height:375pt;
    2916  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2917  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image062.png"
    2918   o:title=""/>
    2919 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=457 height=500
    2920 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image062.png"
    2921 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_40"><![endif]></span></p>
    2922 
    2923 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>and that for
    2924 B19’ will be</p>
    2925 
    2926 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    2927 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_41"
    2928  o:spid="_x0000_i1069" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:370.5pt;height:375pt;
    2929  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    2930  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image063.png"
    2931   o:title=""/>
    2932 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=494 height=500
    2933 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image063.png"
    2934 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_41"><![endif]></span></p>
     2916style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_70"
     2917 o:spid="_x0000_i1070" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:325.5pt;
     2918 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2919 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image127.png"
     2920  o:title=""/>
     2921</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=434
     2922src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image173.png"
     2923v:shapes="Picture_x0020_70"><![endif]></span></p>
     2924
     2925<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2926class=GramE>and</span> that for B19’ will be</p>
     2927
     2928<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     2929style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_71"
     2930 o:spid="_x0000_i1069" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:341.25pt;
     2931 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     2932 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image129.png"
     2933  o:title=""/>
     2934</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=455
     2935src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image174.png"
     2936v:shapes="Picture_x0020_71"><![endif]></span></p>
    29352937
    29362938<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>You should now
     
    29993001varying the phase fractions instead.</p>
    30003002
    3001 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Next select
    3002 the B2 phase and pick the Data tab; you will see</p>
    3003 
    3004 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3005 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_42"
    3006  o:spid="_x0000_i1068" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:342.75pt;height:375pt;
    3007  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3008  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image062.png"
    3009   o:title=""/>
    3010 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=457 height=500
    3011 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image062.png"
    3012 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_42"><![endif]></span></p>
     3003<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Next select the
     3004B2 phase and pick the Data tab; you will see</p>
     3005
     3006<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3007style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_72"
     3008 o:spid="_x0000_i1068" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:353.25pt;
     3009 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3010 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image131.png"
     3011  o:title=""/>
     3012</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=471
     3013src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image175.png"
     3014v:shapes="Picture_x0020_72"><![endif]></span></p>
    30133015
    30143016<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Select the <b
     
    30173019fraction</span></b> box. Then do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    30183020style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    3019 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Copy data</span></b>, select <b
    3020 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3021 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set All</span></b>
    3022 &amp; press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
    3023 "Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
    3024 minor-latin'>OK</span></b> to copy these to the other histograms. Next select
    3025 the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3026 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>B19’</span></b>
    3027 phase and repeat this process. We are now ready for the first refinement; do <b
    3028 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3029 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b>
    3030 from the main GSAS-II data tree window. A progress bar popup will appear and
    3031 when done a <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
    3032 "Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
    3033 minor-latin'>Refinement results</span></b> popup will show with Rw~32%. Press <b
    3034 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3035 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>
    3036 to load this result; GSAS-II will return you to the last window you were using
    3037 and display the 1<sup>st</sup> powder pattern showing you the fit</p>
    3038 
    3039 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3040 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_43"
    3041  o:spid="_x0000_i1067" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    3042  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3043  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image064.png"
    3044   o:title=""/>
    3045 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    3046 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image064.png"
    3047 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_43"><![endif]></span></p>
     3021mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy data</span></b>, select <b
     3022style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3023mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set <span
     3024class=GramE>All</span></span></b> &amp; press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3025normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3026minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b> to copy these to
     3027the other histograms. Next select the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3028style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3029mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>B19’</span></b> phase and repeat this
     3030process. We are now ready for the first refinement; do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3031normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3032minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b> from
     3033the main GSAS-II data tree window. A progress bar popup will appear and when
     3034done a <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3035mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Refinement
     3036results</span></b> popup will show with Rw~32%. Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3037normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3038minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b> to load this
     3039result; GSAS-II will return you to the last window you were using and display
     3040(NB: pick the 1<sup>st</sup> PWDR entry) the 1<sup>st</sup> powder pattern
     3041showing you the fit</p>
     3042
     3043<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3044style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_73"
     3045 o:spid="_x0000_i1067" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3046 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3047 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image133.png"
     3048  o:title=""/>
     3049</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3050src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image176.png"
     3051v:shapes="Picture_x0020_73"><![endif]></span></p>
    30483052
    30493053<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>This is quite
    30503054poor. You can survey the fit successively by 1<sup>st</sup> selecting say the 1<sup>st</sup>
    30513055PWDR entry from the tree and then using the up/down arrow keys to step to the
    3052 next one; the plot will redraw at each step (NB: at full scale) and the data
    3053 window will show statistics of the fit. There is a substantial intensity
    3054 discrepancy; this is due to the texture. It is also evident that some of the
    3055 peaks are out of place relative to the reflection markers; this is due to
    3056 macroscopic strain in the drawn wire. For the <span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3057 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>B2</span>
    3058 phase select the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
    3059 "Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
    3060 minor-latin'>Texture</span></b> tab; it should look like</p>
    3061 
    3062 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3063 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_44"
    3064  o:spid="_x0000_i1066" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:456pt;height:217.5pt;
    3065  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3066  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image065.png"
    3067   o:title=""/>
    3068 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=608 height=290
    3069 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image065.png"
    3070 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_44"><![endif]></span></p>
     3056next one; the plot will redraw at each step (NB: at the same scale as the 1<sup>st</sup>
     3057one selected) and the data window will show statistics of the fit. There is a
     3058substantial intensity discrepancy; this is due to the texture. It is also
     3059evident that some of the peaks are out of place relative to the reflection
     3060markers; this is due to macroscopic strain in the drawn wire. For the <span
     3061style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3062mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>B2</span> phase select the <b
     3063style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3064mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Texture</span></b>
     3065tab; it should look like</p>
     3066
     3067<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3068style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_74"
     3069 o:spid="_x0000_i1066" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:164.25pt;
     3070 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3071 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image135.png"
     3072  o:title=""/>
     3073</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=219
     3074src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image177.png"
     3075v:shapes="Picture_x0020_74"><![endif]></span></p>
    30713076
    30723077<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>The texture
     
    30863091
    30873092<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3088 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_45"
    3089  o:spid="_x0000_i1065" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:456pt;height:250.5pt;
    3090  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3091  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image066.png"
    3092   o:title=""/>
    3093 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=608 height=334
    3094 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image066.png"
    3095 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_45"><![endif]></span></p>
     3093style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_75"
     3094 o:spid="_x0000_i1065" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:174pt;
     3095 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3096 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image137.png"
     3097  o:title=""/>
     3098</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=232
     3099src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image178.png"
     3100v:shapes="Picture_x0020_75"><![endif]></span></p>
    30963101
    30973102<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Then go to the
     
    31063111
    31073112<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3108 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_46"
    3109  o:spid="_x0000_i1064" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:342.75pt;height:375pt;
    3110  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3111  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image067.png"
    3112   o:title=""/>
    3113 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=457 height=500
    3114 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image067.png"
    3115 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_46"><![endif]></span></p>
     3113style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_76"
     3114 o:spid="_x0000_i1064" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:240.75pt;
     3115 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3116 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image139.png"
     3117  o:title=""/>
     3118</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=321
     3119src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image179.png"
     3120v:shapes="Picture_x0020_76"><![endif]></span></p>
    31163121
    31173122<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Then do <b
    31183123style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3119 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Copy
     3124mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy
    31203125flags</span></b> to have <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    31213126style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     
    31363141
    31373142<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3138 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_47"
    3139  o:spid="_x0000_i1063" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:478.5pt;height:302.25pt;
    3140  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3141  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image068.png"
    3142   o:title=""/>
    3143 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=638 height=403
    3144 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image068.png"
    3145 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_47"><![endif]></span></p>
     3143style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_77"
     3144 o:spid="_x0000_i1063" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:227.25pt;
     3145 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3146 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image141.png"
     3147  o:title=""/>
     3148</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=303
     3149src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image180.png"
     3150v:shapes="Picture_x0020_77"><![endif]></span></p>
    31463151
    31473152<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Then go to the
     
    31553160boxes and do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
    31563161"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
    3157 minor-latin'>Edit/Copy flags</span></b> as before. The tab will look like</p>
    3158 
    3159 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3160 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_48"
    3161  o:spid="_x0000_i1062" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:370.5pt;height:375pt;
    3162  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3163  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image069.png"
    3164   o:title=""/>
    3165 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=494 height=500
    3166 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image069.png"
    3167 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_48"><![endif]></span></p>
     3162minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy flags</span></b> as before. The tab will look like</p>
     3163
     3164<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3165style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_78"
     3166 o:spid="_x0000_i1062" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:270pt;
     3167 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3168 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image143.png"
     3169  o:title=""/>
     3170</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=360
     3171src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image181.png"
     3172v:shapes="Picture_x0020_78"><![endif]></span></p>
    31683173
    31693174<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Now do <b
     
    31743179
    31753180<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3176 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_49"
    3177  o:spid="_x0000_i1061" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:413.25pt;
    3178  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3179  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image070.png"
    3180   o:title=""/>
    3181 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=551
    3182 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image070.png"
    3183 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_49"><![endif]></span></p>
     3181style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_79"
     3182 o:spid="_x0000_i1061" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3183 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3184 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image145.png"
     3185  o:title=""/>
     3186</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3187src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image182.png"
     3188v:shapes="Picture_x0020_79"><![endif]></span></p>
    31843189
    31853190<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>The calculated
     
    31943199mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>microstrain</span></b></span> box. Then do <b
    31953200style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3196 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Copy
     3201mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy
    31973202flags</span></b> to set it for the other PWDR data sets. Do the same for the <b
    31983203style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     
    32013206"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
    32023207minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b> from the main menu. The fit will be
    3203 substantially improved with <span class=SpellE>Rw</span> ~9.2%.</p>
     3208substantially improved with <span class=SpellE>Rw</span> ~10%.</p>
    32043209
    32053210<h3 style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:12.0pt;margin-left:
     
    32103215
    32113216<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3212 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_50"
    3213  o:spid="_x0000_i1060" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:413.25pt;
    3214  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3215  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image071.png"
    3216   o:title=""/>
    3217 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=551
    3218 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image071.png"
    3219 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_50"><![endif]></span></p>
     3217style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_80"
     3218 o:spid="_x0000_i1060" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3219 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3220 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image147.png"
     3221  o:title=""/>
     3222</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3223src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image183.png"
     3224v:shapes="Picture_x0020_80"><![endif]></span></p>
    32203225
    32213226<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>It is evident
     
    32253230
    32263231<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3227 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_18"
    3228  o:spid="_x0000_i1059" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:456pt;height:250.5pt;
    3229  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3230  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image072.png"
    3231   o:title=""/>
    3232 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=608 height=334
    3233 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image072.png"
    3234 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_18"><![endif]></span></p>
     3232style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_81"
     3233 o:spid="_x0000_i1059" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:192.75pt;
     3234 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3235 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image149.png"
     3236  o:title=""/>
     3237</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=257
     3238src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image184.png"
     3239v:shapes="Picture_x0020_81"><![endif]></span></p>
    32353240
    32363241<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>And a drawing
     
    32403245
    32413246<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3242 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_52"
    3243  o:spid="_x0000_i1058" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:413.25pt;
    3244  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3245  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image073.png"
    3246   o:title=""/>
    3247 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=551
    3248 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image073.png"
    3249 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_52"><![endif]></span></p>
     3247style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_82"
     3248 o:spid="_x0000_i1058" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3249 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3250 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image151.png"
     3251  o:title=""/>
     3252</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3253src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image185.png"
     3254v:shapes="Picture_x0020_82"><![endif]></span></p>
    32503255
    32513256<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>This shows the
     
    32593264
    32603265<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3261 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_53"
    3262  o:spid="_x0000_i1057" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:413.25pt;
    3263  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3264  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image074.png"
    3265   o:title=""/>
    3266 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=551
    3267 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image074.png"
    3268 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_53"><![endif]></span></p>
     3266style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_83"
     3267 o:spid="_x0000_i1057" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3268 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3269 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image153.png"
     3270  o:title=""/>
     3271</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3272src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image186.png"
     3273v:shapes="Picture_x0020_83"><![endif]></span></p>
    32693274
    32703275<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>This phase is
     
    32723277direction. Again we want to increment the Harmonic order to the next higher
    32733278level (8). Again do Calculate/Refine from the main menu; the <span
    3274 class=SpellE>Rwp</span> has dropped to ~7.9%. One can add the atom <span
     3279class=SpellE>Rwp</span> has dropped to ~8.9%. One can add the atom <span
    32753280class=SpellE>Uiso</span> for the Ni and <span class=SpellE>Ti</span> atoms in
    32763281the B2 phase and the coordinates and <span class=SpellE>Uiso</span> for the
    3277 B19’ phase. The <span class=SpellE>Rw</span> drops a bit further to ~7.4%.
     3282B19’ phase. The <span class=SpellE>Rw</span> drops a bit further to ~8.4%.
    32783283Finally, we can increase the harmonic order again for the B19’ phase (it is
    32793284very strongly textured!) to 10 and the B2 phase to 12; the final refinement
    3280 converged to <span class=SpellE>Rw</span> ~6.8% and the B19’ inverse pole
     3285converged to <span class=SpellE>Rw</span> ~7.8% and the B19’ inverse pole
    32813286figure has peaks at ~18 MRD (Multiple of Random Distribution) and the B2 phase
    32823287peaks are ~7MRD.</p>
     
    32863291
    32873292<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3288 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_54"
    3289  o:spid="_x0000_i1056" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:502.5pt;height:375pt;
    3290  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3291  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image075.png"
    3292   o:title=""/>
    3293 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=670 height=500
    3294 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image075.png"
    3295 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_54"><![endif]></span></p>
    3296 
    3297 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>and inverse
    3298 pole figure</p>
    3299 
    3300 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3301 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_55"
    3302  o:spid="_x0000_i1055" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:413.25pt;
    3303  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3304  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image076.png"
    3305   o:title=""/>
    3306 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=551
    3307 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image076.png"
    3308 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_55"><![endif]></span></p>
     3293style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_84"
     3294 o:spid="_x0000_i1056" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:237.75pt;
     3295 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3296 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image155.png"
     3297  o:title=""/>
     3298</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=317
     3299src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image187.png"
     3300v:shapes="Picture_x0020_84"><![endif]></span></p>
     3301
     3302<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3303class=GramE>and</span> inverse pole figure</p>
     3304
     3305<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3306style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_85"
     3307 o:spid="_x0000_i1055" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3308 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3309 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image157.png"
     3310  o:title=""/>
     3311</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3312src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image188.png"
     3313v:shapes="Picture_x0020_85"><![endif]></span></p>
    33093314
    33103315<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>The B2
     
    33123317
    33133318<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3314 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_56"
    3315  o:spid="_x0000_i1054" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:480pt;height:267.75pt;
    3316  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3317  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image077.png"
    3318   o:title=""/>
    3319 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=640 height=357
    3320 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image077.png"
    3321 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_56"><![endif]></span></p>
    3322 
    3323 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>and inverse
    3324 pole figure</p>
    3325 
    3326 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3327 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_57"
    3328  o:spid="_x0000_i1053" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:413.25pt;
    3329  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3330  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image078.png"
    3331   o:title=""/>
    3332 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=551
    3333 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image078.png"
    3334 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_57"><![endif]></span></p>
     3319style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_86"
     3320 o:spid="_x0000_i1054" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:168pt;
     3321 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3322 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image159.png"
     3323  o:title=""/>
     3324</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=224
     3325src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image189.png"
     3326v:shapes="Picture_x0020_86"><![endif]></span></p>
     3327
     3328<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3329class=GramE>and</span> inverse pole figure</p>
     3330
     3331<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3332style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_87"
     3333 o:spid="_x0000_i1053" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3334 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3335 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image161.png"
     3336  o:title=""/>
     3337</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3338src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image190.png"
     3339v:shapes="Picture_x0020_87"><![endif]></span></p>
    33353340
    33363341<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>This completes
     
    33503355
    33513356<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>This begins
    3352 the texture analysis in much the same way as Method A except that all the initial
    3353 refinements are done “sequentially”, that is refinements are done for the
    3354 parameters associated with each powder pattern to convergence in a serial
     3357the texture analysis in much the same way as Method A except that all the
     3358initial refinements are done “sequentially”, that is refinements are done for
     3359the parameters associated with each powder pattern to convergence in a serial
    33553360fashion. In this case where there are 10 PWDR data sets, there will be 10
    33563361refinements done in sequence. Parameters that span all the data (e.g. lattice
     
    34113416mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Spherical harmonics</span></b>. Then do <b
    34123417style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3413 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Copy
     3418mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy
    34143419data</span></b> to copy both the flag and the model to the other PWDR entries.</p>
    34153420
     
    34313436mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Spherical harmonics</span></b>. Then do <b
    34323437style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3433 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Copy
     3438mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy
    34343439data</span></b> to copy both the flag and the model to the other PWDR entries.</p>
    34353440
     
    34403445
    34413446<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3442 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_1"
    3443  o:spid="_x0000_i1052" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:330.75pt;height:153.75pt;
    3444  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3445  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image079.png"
    3446   o:title=""/>
    3447 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=441 height=205
    3448 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image079.png"
    3449 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_1"><![endif]></span></p>
     3447style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_88"
     3448 o:spid="_x0000_i1052" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:143.25pt;
     3449 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3450 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image191.png"
     3451  o:title=""/>
     3452</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=191
     3453src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image192.png"
     3454v:shapes="Picture_x0020_88"><![endif]></span></p>
    34503455
    34513456<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Press the <b
     
    34653470
    34663471<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3467 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_2"
    3468  o:spid="_x0000_i1051" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:330.75pt;height:163.5pt;
    3469  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3470  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image080.png"
    3471   o:title=""/>
    3472 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=441 height=218
    3473 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image080.png"
    3474 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_2"><![endif]></span></p>
     3472style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_89"
     3473 o:spid="_x0000_i1051" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:149.25pt;
     3474 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3475 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image193.png"
     3476  o:title=""/>
     3477</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=199
     3478src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image194.png"
     3479v:shapes="Picture_x0020_89"><![endif]></span></p>
    34753480
    34763481<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>You have the
     
    34953500
    34963501<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3497 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_3"
    3498  o:spid="_x0000_i1050" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:262.5pt;
    3499  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3500  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image081.png"
    3501   o:title=""/>
    3502 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=350
    3503 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image081.png"
    3504 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_3"><![endif]></span></p>
     3502style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_90"
     3503 o:spid="_x0000_i1050" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:132pt;
     3504 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3505 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image195.png"
     3506  o:title=""/>
     3507</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=176
     3508src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image196.png"
     3509v:shapes="Picture_x0020_90"><![endif]></span></p>
    35053510
    35063511<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>There is a row
     
    35163521
    35173522<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3518 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_4"
    3519  o:spid="_x0000_i1049" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    3520  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3521  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image082.png"
    3522   o:title=""/>
    3523 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    3524 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image082.png"
    3525 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_4"><![endif]></span></p>
     3523style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_91"
     3524 o:spid="_x0000_i1049" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3525 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3526 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image197.png"
     3527  o:title=""/>
     3528</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3529src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image198.png"
     3530v:shapes="Picture_x0020_91"><![endif]></span></p>
    35263531
    35273532<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>To set these
     
    35383543v:shapes="Picture_x0020_5"><![endif]></span></p>
    35393544
    3540 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Check the D11
    3541 box under Hydrostatic/elastic strain, set the Harmonic order to 6 and check the
    3542 Refine box for it (Preferred orientation). Then in two steps, do Edit/Copy
    3543 flags and Set All for the file selection. Then do Edit/Copy selected data; that
    3544 will bring up a new popup</p>
    3545 
    3546 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3547 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_6"
    3548  o:spid="_x0000_i1047" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:240pt;height:232.5pt;
    3549  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3550  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image084.png"
    3551   o:title=""/>
    3552 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=320 height=310
    3553 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image084.png"
    3554 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_6"><![endif]></span></p>
     3545<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Check the <b
     3546style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3547mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3548minor-latin'>D11</span></b> box under Hydrostatic/elastic strain, set the <b
     3549style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3550mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3551minor-latin'>Harmonic order</span></b> to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3552style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3553mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>6</span></b>
     3554and check the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
     3555"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
     3556minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Refine</span></b> box for it
     3557(Preferred orientation). Then in two steps, do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3558normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3559minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit
     3560Phase/Copy flags</span></b> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3561style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3562mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set All</span></b>
     3563for the file selection. Then do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3564style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3565mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy
     3566selected data</span></b>; that will bring up a new popup</p>
     3567
     3568<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3569style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_92"
     3570 o:spid="_x0000_i1047" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:241.5pt;height:292.5pt;
     3571 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3572 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image199.png"
     3573  o:title=""/>
     3574</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=322 height=390
     3575src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image199.png"
     3576v:shapes="Picture_x0020_92"><![endif]></span></p>
    35553577
    35563578<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>This allows
    3557 you to select which parameters to copy data and flags. Select Pref. Ori. And
    3558 press OK; the file selection is next. Do Set All and OK to do this copy. That
    3559 copies the full spherical harmonics model to the other data sets. Select one to
    3560 check if you’d like.</p>
     3579you to select which parameters to copy data and flags. Select <b
     3580style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3581mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3582minor-latin'>Pref. Ori.</span></b> And press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3583normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3584minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>;
     3585the file selection is next. Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3586style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3587mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set <span
     3588class=GramE>All</span></span></b> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3589style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3590mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>
     3591to do this copy. That copies the full spherical harmonics model to the other
     3592data sets. Select one to check if you’d like.</p>
    35613593
    35623594<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Next do the
    3563 same thing for the B19’ phase; here there are 4 <span class=SpellE>Dij</span>
    3564 parameters to check (do all of them) and use spherical harmonics order 4. When
    3565 done that Data window will look like</p>
    3566 
    3567 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3568 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_7"
    3569  o:spid="_x0000_i1046" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:381pt;height:467.25pt;
    3570  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3571  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image085.png"
    3572   o:title=""/>
    3573 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=508 height=623
    3574 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image085.png"
    3575 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_7"><![endif]></span></p>
     3595same thing for the B19’ phase; here there are 4 <span class=SpellE><b
     3596style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3597mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3598minor-latin'>Dij</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3599style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3600mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'> </span></b>parameters
     3601to check (do all of them) and use spherical harmonics order <b
     3602style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3603mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3604minor-latin'>4</span></b>. When done that Data window will look like</p>
     3605
     3606<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3607style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_93"
     3608 o:spid="_x0000_i1046" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:315.75pt;
     3609 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3610 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image200.png"
     3611  o:title=""/>
     3612</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=421
     3613src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image201.png"
     3614v:shapes="Picture_x0020_93"><![endif]></span></p>
    35763615
    35773616<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>We are now
    3578 ready for the next refinement; do Calculate/Sequential refine. Be careful not
    3579 (by habit say) pick Refine; a warning popup will appear. After it completes the
    3580 Sequential refinement results shows that the fit is better but convergence wasn’t
    3581 quite complete.</p>
    3582 
    3583 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3584 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_8"
    3585  o:spid="_x0000_i1045" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:262.5pt;
    3586  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3587  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image086.png"
    3588   o:title=""/>
    3589 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=350
    3590 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image086.png"
    3591 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_8"><![endif]></span></p>
     3617ready for the next refinement; do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3618style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3619mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calculate/Sequential
     3620refine</span></b>. Be careful not (by habit say) pick Refine; a warning popup
     3621will appear. After it completes the Sequential refinement results shows that
     3622the fit is better but convergence wasn’t quite complete.</p>
     3623
     3624<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3625style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_95"
     3626 o:spid="_x0000_i1045" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:153pt;
     3627 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3628 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image202.png"
     3629  o:title=""/>
     3630</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=204
     3631src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image203.png"
     3632v:shapes="Picture_x0020_95"><![endif]></span></p>
    35923633
    35933634<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>It is probably
     
    35963637
    35973638<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3598 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_9"
    3599  o:spid="_x0000_i1044" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    3600  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3601  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image087.png"
    3602   o:title=""/>
    3603 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    3604 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image087.png"
    3605 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_9"><![endif]></span></p>
     3639style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_96"
     3640 o:spid="_x0000_i1044" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3641 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3642 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image204.png"
     3643  o:title=""/>
     3644</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3645src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image205.png"
     3646v:shapes="Picture_x0020_96"><![endif]></span></p>
    36063647
    36073648<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>As our
    36083649experience in Method A, the calculated peaks are too sharp. We need to vary the
    36093650<span class=SpellE>mustrain</span> parameters for both phases. Go to the Data
    3610 tab for each phase, check the <span class=SpellE>microstrain</span> box and do
    3611 Edit/Copy flags for all the data sets. Then do another Calculate/Sequential
    3612 refine. My Sequential refinement results showed great improvement but
    3613 incomplete refinement</p>
    3614 
    3615 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3616 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_10"
    3617  o:spid="_x0000_i1043" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:262.5pt;
    3618  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3619  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image088.png"
    3620   o:title=""/>
    3621 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=350
    3622 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image088.png"
    3623 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_10"><![endif]></span></p>
     3651tab for each phase, check the <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3652normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3653minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>microstrain</span></b></span>
     3654box and do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
     3655"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
     3656minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy flags</span></b>
     3657for all the data sets. Then do another <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3658style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3659mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calculate/Sequential
     3660refine</span></b>. My Sequential refinement results showed great improvement
     3661but incomplete refinement</p>
     3662
     3663<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3664style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_97"
     3665 o:spid="_x0000_i1043" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:153pt;
     3666 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3667 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image206.png"
     3668  o:title=""/>
     3669</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=204
     3670src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image207.png"
     3671v:shapes="Picture_x0020_97"><![endif]></span></p>
    36243672
    36253673<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Repeating the
     
    36273675
    36283676<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3629 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_11"
    3630  o:spid="_x0000_i1042" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:262.5pt;
    3631  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3632  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image089.png"
    3633   o:title=""/>
    3634 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=350
    3635 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image089.png"
    3636 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_11"><![endif]></span></p>
     3677style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_98"
     3678 o:spid="_x0000_i1042" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:153pt;
     3679 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3680 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image208.png"
     3681  o:title=""/>
     3682</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=204
     3683src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image209.png"
     3684v:shapes="Picture_x0020_98"><![endif]></span></p>
    36373685
    36383686<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Examination of
     
    36413689
    36423690<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3643 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_12"
    3644  o:spid="_x0000_i1041" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    3645  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3646  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image090.png"
    3647   o:title=""/>
    3648 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    3649 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image090.png"
    3650 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_12"><![endif]></span></p>
     3691style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_99"
     3692 o:spid="_x0000_i1041" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3693 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3694 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image210.png"
     3695  o:title=""/>
     3696</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3697src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image211.png"
     3698v:shapes="Picture_x0020_99"><![endif]></span></p>
    36513699
    36523700<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Showing that
    36533701perhaps the B19’ phase needs high order spherical harmonics. Select the Data
    3654 tab for the B19’ phase and change the Harmonic order to 6. Then do Edit/Copy
    3655 selected data for <span class=SpellE>Pref.Ori</span>. to the other data sets.
    3656 This (after few repeats) gives a further improvement in the fit</p>
    3657 
    3658 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3659 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_13"
    3660  o:spid="_x0000_i1040" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:262.5pt;
    3661  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3662  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image091.png"
    3663   o:title=""/>
    3664 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=350
    3665 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image091.png"
    3666 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_13"><![endif]></span></p>
     3702tab for the B19’ phase and change the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3703style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3704mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Harmonic
     3705order</span></b> to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3706style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3707mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>6</span></b>.
     3708Then do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3709mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3710minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy selected data</span></b> for <span class=SpellE><b
     3711style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3712mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3713minor-latin'>Pref.Ori</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3714style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3715mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>.</span></b>
     3716to the other data sets. This (after few repeats) gives a further improvement in
     3717the fit</p>
     3718
     3719<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3720style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_100"
     3721 o:spid="_x0000_i1040" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:153pt;
     3722 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3723 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image212.png"
     3724  o:title=""/>
     3725</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=204
     3726src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image213.png"
     3727v:shapes="Picture_x0020_100"><![endif]></span></p>
    36673728
    36683729<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>This fit is
     
    367337340in;line-height:115%'>Step 2. Texture analysis</h3>
    36743735
    3675 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>During the sequential
    3676 refinements done in Step 1, we fitted the profiles allowing strain parameters (<span
    3677 class=SpellE>Dij</span>) for peak position shifts and <span class=SpellE>microstrain</span>
    3678 for peak shape. We modeled the intensity variation with a spherical harmonics
    3679 preferred orientation correction. If you select any PWDR entry from the GSAS-II
    3680 data tree and pick the Reflection List subentry (at the bottom) you can see the
    3681 magnitude of this correction for each reflection in each phase.</p>
     3736<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>During the
     3737sequential refinements done in Step 1, we fitted the profiles allowing strain
     3738parameters (<span class=SpellE>Dij</span>) for peak position shifts and <span
     3739class=SpellE>microstrain</span> for peak shape. We modeled the intensity
     3740variation with a spherical harmonics preferred orientation correction. If you
     3741select any PWDR entry from the GSAS-II data tree and pick the Reflection List
     3742subentry (at the bottom) you can see the magnitude of this correction for each
     3743reflection in each phase.</p>
    36823744
    36833745<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>For the B2
     
    36853747
    36863748<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3687 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_14"
    3688  o:spid="_x0000_i1039" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:659.25pt;height:262.5pt;
    3689  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3690  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image092.png"
    3691   o:title=""/>
    3692 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=879 height=350
    3693 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image092.png"
    3694 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14"><![endif]></span></p>
    3695 
    3696 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>and for the
    3697 B19’ phase we see</p>
    3698 
    3699 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3700 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_15"
    3701  o:spid="_x0000_i1038" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:659.25pt;height:273pt;
    3702  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3703  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image093.png"
    3704   o:title=""/>
    3705 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=879 height=364
    3706 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image093.png"
    3707 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_15"><![endif]></span></p>
     3749style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_101"
     3750 o:spid="_x0000_i1039" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:153pt;
     3751 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3752 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image214.png"
     3753  o:title=""/>
     3754</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=204
     3755src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image215.png"
     3756v:shapes="Picture_x0020_101"><![endif]></span></p>
     3757
     3758<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3759class=GramE>and</span> for the B19’ phase we see</p>
     3760
     3761<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3762style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_102"
     3763 o:spid="_x0000_i1038" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:153pt;
     3764 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3765 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image216.png"
     3766  o:title=""/>
     3767</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=204
     3768src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image217.png"
     3769v:shapes="Picture_x0020_102"><![endif]></span></p>
    37083770
    37093771<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>The preferred
     
    37253787
    37263788<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Since this
    3727 sample has wire texture, we’ll use the default Texture model (cylindrical).
    3728 Then set the Harmonic order to 12 (what we used earlier) and check the Refine
    3729 and Show <span class=SpellE>coeff</span> boxes. The data window will be redrawn
    3730 (and a blank plot will appear).</p>
    3731 
    3732 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3733 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_17"
    3734  o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:456pt;height:250.5pt;
    3735  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3736  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image066.png"
    3737   o:title=""/>
    3738 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=608 height=334
    3739 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image066.png"
    3740 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_17"><![endif]></span></p>
    3741 
    3742 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Do
    3743 Texture/Refine texture from the menu; the window will be repainted and a
    3744 bullseye pole figure will appear. </p>
    3745 
    3746 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3747 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_20"
    3748  o:spid="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:480pt;height:267.75pt;
    3749  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3750  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image094.png"
    3751   o:title=""/>
    3752 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=640 height=357
    3753 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image094.png"
    3754 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_20"><![endif]></span></p>
    3755 
    3756 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Change the
    3757 Texture plot type to Inverse pole figure to get a more useful plot</p>
    3758 
    3759 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3760 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_19"
    3761  o:spid="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    3762  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3763  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image095.png"
    3764   o:title=""/>
    3765 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    3766 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image095.png"
    3767 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_19"><![endif]></span></p>
     3789sample has wire texture, we’ll use the default Texture model (<b
     3790style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3791mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3792minor-latin'>cylindrical</span></b>). Then set the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3793normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3794minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Harmonic
     3795order</span></b> to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3796style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3797mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>12</span></b>
     3798(what we used earlier) and check the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3799style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
     3800mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Refine</span></b>
     3801and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3802mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3803minor-latin'>Show <span class=SpellE>coeff</span></span></b> boxes. The data
     3804window will be redrawn (and an orange blank plot will appear).</p>
     3805
     3806<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3807style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_103"
     3808 o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:168.75pt;
     3809 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3810 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image218.png"
     3811  o:title=""/>
     3812</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=225
     3813src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image219.png"
     3814v:shapes="Picture_x0020_103"><![endif]></span></p>
     3815
     3816<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Do <b
     3817style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3818mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3819minor-latin'>Texture/Refine texture</span></b> from the menu; the window will
     3820be repainted and a bullseye pole figure will appear. </p>
     3821
     3822<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3823style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_104"
     3824 o:spid="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:168.75pt;
     3825 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3826 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image220.png"
     3827  o:title=""/>
     3828</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=225
     3829src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image221.png"
     3830v:shapes="Picture_x0020_104"><![endif]></span></p>
     3831
     3832<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Change the <b
     3833style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3834mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3835minor-latin'>Texture plot type</span></b> to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3836normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3837minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Inverse
     3838pole figure</span></b> to get a more useful plot</p>
     3839
     3840<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3841style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_105"
     3842 o:spid="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3843 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3844 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image222.png"
     3845  o:title=""/>
     3846</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3847src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image223.png"
     3848v:shapes="Picture_x0020_105"><![endif]></span></p>
    37683849
    37693850<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>This is
    3770 essentially the same as we obtained earlier in Method A (maybe not quite as
    3771 strong here).</p>
     3851essentially the same as we obtained earlier in Method <span class=GramE>A</span>
     3852(maybe not quite as strong here).</p>
    37723853
    37733854<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Now select the
    3774 Texture tab for the B19’ phase and do the same; use Harmonic order 10 as we did
    3775 earlier in Method A. After setting the two flags and doing Texture/Refine
    3776 texture we get</p>
    3777 
    3778 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3779 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_21"
    3780  o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:502.5pt;height:375pt;
    3781  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3782  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image096.png"
    3783   o:title=""/>
    3784 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=670 height=500
    3785 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image096.png"
    3786 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_21"><![endif]></span></p>
     3855Texture tab for the B19’ phase and do the same; use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3856normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3857minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Harmonic
     3858order 10</span></b> as we did earlier in Method A. After setting the two flags
     3859and doing <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3860mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3861minor-latin'>Texture/Refine texture</span></b> we get</p>
     3862
     3863<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     3864style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_106"
     3865 o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:243pt;
     3866 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3867 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image224.png"
     3868  o:title=""/>
     3869</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=324
     3870src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image225.png"
     3871v:shapes="Picture_x0020_106"><![endif]></span></p>
    37873872
    37883873<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>And a bullseye
     
    37903875
    37913876<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    3792 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_22"
    3793  o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    3794  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3795  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image097.png"
    3796   o:title=""/>
    3797 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    3798 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image097.png"
    3799 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_22"><![endif]></span></p>
    3800 
    3801 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Again this is very
    3802 similar to what we found in Method A but again not quite as strong (max MRD ~13
    3803 instead of ~18).</p>
    3804 
    3805 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Now do a
    3806 File/Save project from the main menu; this saves the final texture results done
    3807 in Step 2 (you also will need it for Method C).</p>
     3877style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_107"
     3878 o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     3879 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     3880 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image226.png"
     3881  o:title=""/>
     3882</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     3883src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image227.png"
     3884v:shapes="Picture_x0020_107"><![endif]></span></p>
     3885
     3886<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Again this is
     3887very similar to what we found in Method A but again not quite as strong (max
     3888MRD ~10 instead of ~18) and a bit choppier.</p>
     3889
     3890<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Now do a <b
     3891style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     3892mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     3893minor-latin'>File/Save project</span></b> from the main menu; this saves the
     3894final texture results done in Step 2 (you also will need it for Method C).</p>
    38083895
    38093896<h2 style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:12.0pt;margin-left:
     
    38423929<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Here we want
    38433930to clear refinement flags for all parameters that need not be varied in a
    3844 texture analysis refinement. The general rule is to not refine any parameter unless
    3845 we expect it to affect the peak intensities. These are listed below:</p>
     3931texture analysis refinement. The general rule is to not refine any parameter
     3932unless we expect it to affect the peak intensities. These are listed below:</p>
    38463933
    38473934<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;mso-add-space:
     
    38773964phase and its <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
    38783965"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
    3879 minor-latin'>Data</span></b> <span class=GramE>tab.</span> Clear the <span
     3966minor-latin'>Data</span></b> tab. <span class=GramE>Clear</span> the <span
    38803967class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
    38813968"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
     
    38903977avoid a lot of nasty (but harmless) messages at the start of the refinement).
    38913978Then do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3892 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Copy
     3979mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy
    38933980flags</span></b> selecting all data to clear all the flags and an <b
    38943981style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3895 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Copy selected
    3896 data</span></b> for <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    3897 style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    3898 mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Pref.Ori</span></b></span> to copy the zeroed
    3899 out harmonic coefficients.</p>
     3982mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy
     3983selected data</span></b> for <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3984normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     3985minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Pref.Ori</span></b></span> to
     3986copy the zeroed out harmonic coefficients.</p>
    39003987
    39013988<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;mso-add-space:
     
    39244011avoid a lot of nasty (but harmless) messages at the start of the refinement).
    39254012Then do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3926 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Copy
     4013mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy
    39274014flags</span></b> selecting all data to clear all the flags and an <b
    39284015style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    3929 mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit/Copy
     4016mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Phase/Copy
    39304017selected data</span></b> for <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    39314018normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
     
    39504037<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:12.0pt;
    39514038margin-left:.25in;line-height:115%'><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
    3952  id="Picture_x0020_23" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:480pt;
    3953  height:267.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3954  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image098.png"
    3955   o:title=""/>
    3956 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=640 height=357
    3957 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image098.png"
    3958 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_23"><![endif]></span></p>
     4039 id="Picture_x0020_108" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
     4040 height:177pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     4041 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image228.png"
     4042  o:title=""/>
     4043</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=236
     4044src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image229.png"
     4045v:shapes="Picture_x0020_108"><![endif]></span></p>
    39594046
    39604047<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:12.0pt;
     
    39734060<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:12.0pt;
    39744061margin-left:.25in;line-height:115%'><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
    3975  id="Picture_x0020_24" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:480pt;
    3976  height:267.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    3977  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image099.png"
    3978   o:title=""/>
    3979 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=640 height=357
    3980 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image099.png"
    3981 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_24"><![endif]></span></p>
     4062 id="Picture_x0020_109" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
     4063 height:177pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     4064 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image230.png"
     4065  o:title=""/>
     4066</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=236
     4067src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image231.png"
     4068v:shapes="Picture_x0020_109"><![endif]></span></p>
    39824069
    39834070<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-top:0in;margin-right:0in;margin-bottom:12.0pt;
     
    39904077style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
    39914078mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Texture</span></b>
    3992 <span class=GramE>tab.</span> Set the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4079tab. <span class=GramE>Set</span> the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    39934080style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    39944081mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Harmonic order</span></b> to zero and then
     
    40104097
    40114098<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    4012 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_25"
    4013  o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:363pt;height:120.75pt;
    4014  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    4015  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image100.png"
    4016   o:title=""/>
    4017 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=484 height=161
    4018 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image100.png"
    4019 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_25"><![endif]></span></p>
    4020 
    4021 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>In this case
    4022 you do want to do a <span class=SpellE>nonsequential</span> full refinement, so
    4023 press the OK button. A quick look at the console will show that there are 61
    4024 variables in this refinement. If yours shows more then you didn’t clear all the
    4025 flags in Step 1. The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4099style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_110"
     4100 o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:421.5pt;height:97.5pt;
     4101 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     4102 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image232.png"
     4103  o:title=""/>
     4104</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=562 height=130
     4105src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image232.png"
     4106v:shapes="Picture_x0020_110"><![endif]></span></p>
     4107
     4108<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>In this case you
     4109do want to do a <span class=SpellE>nonsequential</span> full refinement, so
     4110press the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
     4111mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
     4112minor-latin'>OK</span></b> button. A quick look at the console will show that
     4113there are 61 variables in this refinement. If yours shows more then you didn’t
     4114clear all the flags in Step 1. The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    40264115style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
    40274116mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sequential results</span></b> entry is
     
    40384127
    40394128<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    4040 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_26"
    4041  o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    4042  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    4043  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image101.png"
    4044   o:title=""/>
    4045 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    4046 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image101.png"
    4047 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_26"><![endif]></span></p>
    4048 
    4049 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>which is
    4050 almost identical to that from Method <span class=GramE>A.</span> The
     4129style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_111"
     4130 o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     4131 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     4132 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image233.png"
     4133  o:title=""/>
     4134</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     4135src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image234.png"
     4136v:shapes="Picture_x0020_111"><![endif]></span></p>
     4137
     4138<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     4139class=GramE>which</span> is almost identical to that from Method A. The
    40514140coefficients are seen in</p>
    40524141
    40534142<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    4054 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_27"
    4055  o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:480pt;height:267.75pt;
    4056  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    4057  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image102.png"
    4058   o:title=""/>
    4059 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=640 height=357
    4060 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image102.png"
    4061 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_27"><![endif]></span></p>
     4143style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_112"
     4144 o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:177pt;
     4145 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     4146 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image235.png"
     4147  o:title=""/>
     4148</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=236
     4149src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image236.png"
     4150v:shapes="Picture_x0020_112"><![endif]></span></p>
    40624151
    40634152<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>Now select the
     
    40694158
    40704159<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    4071 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_28"
    4072  o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
    4073  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    4074  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image103.png"
    4075   o:title=""/>
    4076 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
    4077 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image103.png"
    4078 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_28"><![endif]></span></p>
    4079 
    4080 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>and also
    4081 almost identical to what was obtained in Method A; the coefficients are seen in</p>
    4082 
    4083 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
    4084 style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_58"
    4085  o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:502.5pt;height:375pt;
    4086  visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
    4087  <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image104.png"
    4088   o:title=""/>
    4089 </v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=670 height=500
    4090 src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image104.png"
    4091 v:shapes="Picture_x0020_58"><![endif]></span></p>
     4160style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_113"
     4161 o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
     4162 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     4163 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image237.png"
     4164  o:title=""/>
     4165</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
     4166src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image238.png"
     4167v:shapes="Picture_x0020_113"><![endif]></span></p>
     4168
     4169<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     4170class=GramE>and</span> also almost identical to what was obtained in Method A;
     4171the coefficients are seen in</p>
     4172
     4173<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'><span
     4174style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_114"
     4175 o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:242.25pt;
     4176 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
     4177 <v:imagedata src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image239.png"
     4178  o:title=""/>
     4179</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=323
     4180src="Texture%20analysis%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image240.png"
     4181v:shapes="Picture_x0020_114"><![endif]></span></p>
    40924182
    40934183<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt;line-height:115%'>With this
  • Tutorials/2DTexture/Texture analysis of 2D data in GSAS-II_files/filelist.xml

    r1856 r3055  
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    109165 <o:File HRef="filelist.xml"/>
    110166</xml>
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