Changeset 897


Ignore:
Timestamp:
May 1, 2013 12:20:14 PM (9 years ago)
Author:
vondreele
Message:

updates

File:
1 edited

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
  • trunk/help/gsasII.html

    r868 r897  
    2525  <o:Author>Von Dreele</o:Author>
    2626  <o:LastAuthor>Von Dreele</o:LastAuthor>
    27   <o:Revision>112</o:Revision>
    28   <o:TotalTime>3721</o:TotalTime>
     27  <o:Revision>114</o:Revision>
     28  <o:TotalTime>3902</o:TotalTime>
    2929  <o:Created>2011-11-28T16:49:00Z</o:Created>
    30   <o:LastSaved>2013-03-20T14:25:00Z</o:LastSaved>
    31   <o:Pages>11</o:Pages>
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     30  <o:LastSaved>2013-05-01T17:14:00Z</o:LastSaved>
     31  <o:Pages>2</o:Pages>
     32  <o:Words>12902</o:Words>
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    3434  <o:Company>Argonne National Laboratory</o:Company>
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     1238@list l6:level4
     1239        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     1240        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     1241        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1242        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1243@list l6:level5
     1244        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     1245        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1246        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1247@list l6:level6
     1248        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     1249        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1250        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1251@list l6:level7
     1252        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     1253        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1254        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1255@list l6:level8
     1256        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     1257        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1258        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1259@list l6:level9
     1260        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     1261        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1262        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1263@list l7
    12061264        {mso-list-id:617220658;
    12071265        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    12081266        mso-list-template-ids:1177170962 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1209 @list l6:level1
     1267@list l7:level1
    12101268        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    12111269        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12121270        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1213 @list l6:level2
     1271@list l7:level2
    12141272        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    12151273        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12161274        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1217 @list l6:level3
     1275@list l7:level3
    12181276        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    12191277        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12201278        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1221 @list l6:level4
     1279@list l7:level4
    12221280        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    12231281        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12241282        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1225 @list l6:level5
     1283@list l7:level5
    12261284        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    12271285        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12281286        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1229 @list l6:level6
     1287@list l7:level6
    12301288        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    12311289        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12321290        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1233 @list l6:level7
     1291@list l7:level7
    12341292        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    12351293        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12361294        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1237 @list l6:level8
     1295@list l7:level8
    12381296        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    12391297        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12401298        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1241 @list l6:level9
     1299@list l7:level9
    12421300        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    12431301        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12441302        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1245 @list l7
     1303@list l8
    12461304        {mso-list-id:649361966;
    12471305        mso-list-template-ids:326264828;}
    1248 @list l7:level1
     1306@list l8:level1
    12491307        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    12501308        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12511309        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1252 @list l7:level2
     1310@list l8:level2
    12531311        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    12541312        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     
    12591317        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;
    12601318        mso-ansi-font-style:normal;}
    1261 @list l7:level3
     1319@list l8:level3
    12621320        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    12631321        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12641322        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1265 @list l7:level4
     1323@list l8:level4
    12661324        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    12671325        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    12681326        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12691327        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1270 @list l7:level5
     1328@list l8:level5
    12711329        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    12721330        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12731331        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1274 @list l7:level6
     1332@list l8:level6
    12751333        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    12761334        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12771335        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1278 @list l7:level7
     1336@list l8:level7
    12791337        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    12801338        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12811339        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1282 @list l7:level8
     1340@list l8:level8
    12831341        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    12841342        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12851343        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1286 @list l7:level9
     1344@list l8:level9
    12871345        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    12881346        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12891347        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1290 @list l8
     1348@list l9
    12911349        {mso-list-id:656106218;
    12921350        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    12931351        mso-list-template-ids:185874704 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1294 @list l8:level1
     1352@list l9:level1
    12951353        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    12961354        mso-level-number-position:left;
    12971355        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1298 @list l8:level2
     1356@list l9:level2
    12991357        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    13001358        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13011359        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1302 @list l8:level3
     1360@list l9:level3
    13031361        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    13041362        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13051363        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1306 @list l8:level4
     1364@list l9:level4
    13071365        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    13081366        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13091367        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1310 @list l8:level5
     1368@list l9:level5
    13111369        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    13121370        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13131371        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1314 @list l8:level6
     1372@list l9:level6
    13151373        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    13161374        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13171375        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1318 @list l8:level7
     1376@list l9:level7
    13191377        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    13201378        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13211379        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1322 @list l8:level8
     1380@list l9:level8
    13231381        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    13241382        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13251383        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1326 @list l8:level9
     1384@list l9:level9
    13271385        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    13281386        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13291387        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1330 @list l9
     1388@list l10
    13311389        {mso-list-id:734669460;
    13321390        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    13331391        mso-list-template-ids:1988758972 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1334 @list l9:level1
     1392@list l10:level1
    13351393        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    13361394        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13371395        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1338 @list l9:level2
     1396@list l10:level2
    13391397        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    13401398        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13411399        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1342 @list l9:level3
     1400@list l10:level3
    13431401        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    13441402        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13451403        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1346 @list l9:level4
     1404@list l10:level4
    13471405        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    13481406        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13491407        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1350 @list l9:level5
     1408@list l10:level5
    13511409        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    13521410        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13531411        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1354 @list l9:level6
     1412@list l10:level6
    13551413        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    13561414        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13571415        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1358 @list l9:level7
     1416@list l10:level7
    13591417        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    13601418        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13611419        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1362 @list l9:level8
     1420@list l10:level8
    13631421        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    13641422        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13651423        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1366 @list l9:level9
     1424@list l10:level9
    13671425        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    13681426        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13691427        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1370 @list l10
     1428@list l11
    13711429        {mso-list-id:742676264;
    13721430        mso-list-template-ids:713467934;}
    1373 @list l10:level1
     1431@list l11:level1
    13741432        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    13751433        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13761434        margin-left:45.0pt;
    13771435        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1378 @list l10:level2
     1436@list l11:level2
    13791437        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    13801438        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     
    13851443        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;
    13861444        mso-ansi-font-style:normal;}
    1387 @list l10:level3
     1445@list l11:level3
    13881446        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    13891447        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13901448        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1391 @list l10:level4
     1449@list l11:level4
    13921450        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    13931451        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    13941452        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13951453        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1396 @list l10:level5
     1454@list l11:level5
    13971455        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    13981456        mso-level-number-position:left;
    13991457        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1400 @list l10:level6
     1458@list l11:level6
    14011459        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    14021460        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14031461        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1404 @list l10:level7
     1462@list l11:level7
    14051463        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    14061464        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14071465        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1408 @list l10:level8
     1466@list l11:level8
    14091467        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    14101468        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14111469        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1412 @list l10:level9
     1470@list l11:level9
    14131471        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    14141472        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14151473        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1416 @list l11
     1474@list l12
     1475        {mso-list-id:766387846;
     1476        mso-list-type:hybrid;
     1477        mso-list-template-ids:418534224 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     1478@list l12:level1
     1479        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1480        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1481        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1482@list l12:level2
     1483        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     1484        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1485        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1486        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1487@list l12:level3
     1488        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
     1489        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1490        mso-level-number-position:right;
     1491        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
     1492@list l12:level4
     1493        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1494        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1495        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1496@list l12:level5
     1497        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     1498        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1499        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1500        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1501@list l12:level6
     1502        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
     1503        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1504        mso-level-number-position:right;
     1505        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
     1506@list l12:level7
     1507        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1508        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1509        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1510@list l12:level8
     1511        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     1512        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1513        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1514        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1515@list l12:level9
     1516        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
     1517        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1518        mso-level-number-position:right;
     1519        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
     1520@list l13
    14171521        {mso-list-id:850026630;
    14181522        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    14191523        mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1420 @list l11:level1
     1524@list l13:level1
    14211525        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    14221526        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14231527        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1424 @list l11:level2
     1528@list l13:level2
    14251529        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    14261530        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    14271531        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14281532        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1429 @list l11:level3
     1533@list l13:level3
    14301534        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    14311535        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14321536        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1433 @list l11:level4
     1537@list l13:level4
    14341538        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    14351539        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14361540        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1437 @list l11:level5
     1541@list l13:level5
    14381542        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    14391543        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14401544        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1441 @list l11:level6
     1545@list l13:level6
    14421546        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    14431547        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14441548        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1445 @list l11:level7
     1549@list l13:level7
    14461550        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    14471551        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14481552        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1449 @list l11:level8
     1553@list l13:level8
    14501554        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    14511555        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14521556        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1453 @list l11:level9
     1557@list l13:level9
    14541558        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    14551559        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14561560        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1457 @list l12
     1561@list l14
    14581562        {mso-list-id:919948450;
    14591563        mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
    1460 @list l12:level1
     1564@list l14:level1
    14611565        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    14621566        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14631567        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1464 @list l12:level2
     1568@list l14:level2
    14651569        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    14661570        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    14671571        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14681572        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1469 @list l12:level3
     1573@list l14:level3
    14701574        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    14711575        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14721576        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1473 @list l12:level4
     1577@list l14:level4
    14741578        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    14751579        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    14761580        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14771581        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1478 @list l12:level5
     1582@list l14:level5
    14791583        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    14801584        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14811585        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1482 @list l12:level6
     1586@list l14:level6
    14831587        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    14841588        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14851589        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1486 @list l12:level7
     1590@list l14:level7
    14871591        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    14881592        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14891593        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1490 @list l12:level8
     1594@list l14:level8
    14911595        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    14921596        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14931597        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1494 @list l12:level9
     1598@list l14:level9
    14951599        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    14961600        mso-level-number-position:left;
    14971601        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1498 @list l13
     1602@list l15
    14991603        {mso-list-id:1035230400;
    15001604        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    15011605        mso-list-template-ids:-2012591744 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1502 @list l13:level1
     1606@list l15:level1
    15031607        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    15041608        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15051609        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1506 @list l13:level2
     1610@list l15:level2
    15071611        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    15081612        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    15091613        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15101614        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1511 @list l13:level3
     1615@list l15:level3
    15121616        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    15131617        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15141618        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1515 @list l13:level4
     1619@list l15:level4
    15161620        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    15171621        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15181622        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1519 @list l13:level5
     1623@list l15:level5
    15201624        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    15211625        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15221626        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1523 @list l13:level6
     1627@list l15:level6
    15241628        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    15251629        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15261630        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1527 @list l13:level7
     1631@list l15:level7
    15281632        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    15291633        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15301634        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1531 @list l13:level8
     1635@list l15:level8
    15321636        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    15331637        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15341638        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1535 @list l13:level9
     1639@list l15:level9
    15361640        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    15371641        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15381642        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1539 @list l14
     1643@list l16
    15401644        {mso-list-id:1074664733;
    15411645        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    15421646        mso-list-template-ids:2033622918 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1543 @list l14:level1
     1647@list l16:level1
    15441648        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    15451649        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    15481652        text-indent:-.25in;
    15491653        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
    1550 @list l14:level2
     1654@list l16:level2
    15511655        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    15521656        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    15531657        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15541658        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1555 @list l14:level3
     1659@list l16:level3
    15561660        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    15571661        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15581662        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1559 @list l14:level4
     1663@list l16:level4
    15601664        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    15611665        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15621666        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1563 @list l14:level5
     1667@list l16:level5
    15641668        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    15651669        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15661670        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1567 @list l14:level6
     1671@list l16:level6
    15681672        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    15691673        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15701674        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1571 @list l14:level7
     1675@list l16:level7
    15721676        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    15731677        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15741678        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1575 @list l14:level8
     1679@list l16:level8
    15761680        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    15771681        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15781682        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1579 @list l14:level9
     1683@list l16:level9
    15801684        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    15811685        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15821686        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1583 @list l15
     1687@list l17
    15841688        {mso-list-id:1211770204;
    15851689        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    15861690        mso-list-template-ids:-399582512 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1587 @list l15:level1
     1691@list l17:level1
    15881692        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    15891693        mso-level-number-position:left;
    15901694        margin-left:.25in;
    15911695        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1592 @list l15:level2
     1696@list l17:level2
    15931697        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    15941698        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    15961700        margin-left:.75in;
    15971701        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1598 @list l15:level3
     1702@list l17:level3
    15991703        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    16001704        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    16021706        margin-left:1.25in;
    16031707        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    1604 @list l15:level4
     1708@list l17:level4
    16051709        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    16061710        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16071711        margin-left:1.75in;
    16081712        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1609 @list l15:level5
     1713@list l17:level5
    16101714        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    16111715        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    16131717        margin-left:2.25in;
    16141718        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1615 @list l15:level6
     1719@list l17:level6
    16161720        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    16171721        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    16191723        margin-left:2.75in;
    16201724        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    1621 @list l15:level7
     1725@list l17:level7
    16221726        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    16231727        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16241728        margin-left:3.25in;
    16251729        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1626 @list l15:level8
     1730@list l17:level8
    16271731        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    16281732        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    16301734        margin-left:3.75in;
    16311735        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1632 @list l15:level9
     1736@list l17:level9
    16331737        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    16341738        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    16361740        margin-left:4.25in;
    16371741        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    1638 @list l16
     1742@list l18
    16391743        {mso-list-id:1323200535;
    16401744        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    16411745        mso-list-template-ids:-720724778 859726762 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1642 @list l16:level1
     1746@list l18:level1
    16431747        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    16441748        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    16461750        margin-left:1.0in;
    16471751        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1648 @list l16:level2
     1752@list l18:level2
    16491753        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    16501754        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16511755        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1652 @list l16:level3
     1756@list l18:level3
    16531757        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    16541758        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16551759        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1656 @list l16:level4
     1760@list l18:level4
    16571761        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    16581762        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16591763        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1660 @list l16:level5
     1764@list l18:level5
    16611765        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    16621766        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16631767        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1664 @list l16:level6
     1768@list l18:level6
    16651769        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    16661770        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16671771        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1668 @list l16:level7
     1772@list l18:level7
    16691773        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    16701774        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16711775        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1672 @list l16:level8
     1776@list l18:level8
    16731777        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    16741778        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16751779        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1676 @list l16:level9
     1780@list l18:level9
    16771781        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    16781782        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16791783        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1680 @list l17
     1784@list l19
    16811785        {mso-list-id:1326516832;
    16821786        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    16831787        mso-list-template-ids:1433942448 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1684 @list l17:level1
     1788@list l19:level1
    16851789        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    16861790        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16871791        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1688 @list l17:level2
     1792@list l19:level2
    16891793        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    16901794        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16911795        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1692 @list l17:level3
     1796@list l19:level3
    16931797        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    16941798        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16951799        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1696 @list l17:level4
     1800@list l19:level4
    16971801        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    16981802        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16991803        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1700 @list l17:level5
     1804@list l19:level5
    17011805        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    17021806        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17031807        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1704 @list l17:level6
     1808@list l19:level6
    17051809        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    17061810        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17071811        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1708 @list l17:level7
     1812@list l19:level7
    17091813        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    17101814        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17111815        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1712 @list l17:level8
     1816@list l19:level8
    17131817        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    17141818        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17151819        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1716 @list l17:level9
     1820@list l19:level9
    17171821        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    17181822        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17191823        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1720 @list l18
     1824@list l20
    17211825        {mso-list-id:1394309879;
    17221826        mso-list-template-ids:326264828;}
    1723 @list l18:level1
     1827@list l20:level1
    17241828        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    17251829        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17261830        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1727 @list l18:level2
     1831@list l20:level2
    17281832        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    17291833        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     
    17341838        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;
    17351839        mso-ansi-font-style:normal;}
    1736 @list l18:level3
     1840@list l20:level3
    17371841        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    17381842        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17391843        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1740 @list l18:level4
     1844@list l20:level4
    17411845        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    17421846        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    17431847        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17441848        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1745 @list l18:level5
     1849@list l20:level5
    17461850        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    17471851        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17481852        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1749 @list l18:level6
     1853@list l20:level6
    17501854        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    17511855        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17521856        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1753 @list l18:level7
     1857@list l20:level7
    17541858        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    17551859        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17561860        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1757 @list l18:level8
     1861@list l20:level8
    17581862        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    17591863        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17601864        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1761 @list l18:level9
     1865@list l20:level9
    17621866        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    17631867        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17641868        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1765 @list l19
     1869@list l21
    17661870        {mso-list-id:1413820461;
    17671871        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    1768         mso-list-template-ids:-399582512 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1769 @list l19:level1
     1872        mso-list-template-ids:2031237610 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     1873@list l21:level1
    17701874        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    17711875        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17721876        margin-left:.25in;
    17731877        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1774 @list l19:level2
     1878@list l21:level2
    17751879        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    17761880        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    17781882        margin-left:.75in;
    17791883        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1780 @list l19:level3
     1884@list l21:level3
    17811885        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    17821886        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    17841888        margin-left:1.25in;
    17851889        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    1786 @list l19:level4
     1890@list l21:level4
    17871891        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    17881892        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17891893        margin-left:1.75in;
    17901894        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1791 @list l19:level5
     1895@list l21:level5
    17921896        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    17931897        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    17951899        margin-left:2.25in;
    17961900        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1797 @list l19:level6
     1901@list l21:level6
    17981902        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    17991903        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    18011905        margin-left:2.75in;
    18021906        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    1803 @list l19:level7
     1907@list l21:level7
    18041908        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    18051909        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18061910        margin-left:3.25in;
    18071911        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1808 @list l19:level8
     1912@list l21:level8
    18091913        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    18101914        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    18121916        margin-left:3.75in;
    18131917        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1814 @list l19:level9
     1918@list l21:level9
    18151919        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    18161920        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    18181922        margin-left:4.25in;
    18191923        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    1820 @list l20
     1924@list l22
    18211925        {mso-list-id:1602683002;
    18221926        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    18231927        mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1824 @list l20:level1
     1928@list l22:level1
    18251929        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    18261930        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18271931        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1828 @list l20:level2
     1932@list l22:level2
    18291933        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    18301934        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    18311935        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18321936        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1833 @list l20:level3
     1937@list l22:level3
    18341938        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    18351939        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18361940        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1837 @list l20:level4
     1941@list l22:level4
    18381942        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    18391943        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18401944        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1841 @list l20:level5
     1945@list l22:level5
    18421946        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    18431947        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18441948        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1845 @list l20:level6
     1949@list l22:level6
    18461950        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    18471951        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18481952        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1849 @list l20:level7
     1953@list l22:level7
    18501954        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    18511955        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18521956        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1853 @list l20:level8
     1957@list l22:level8
    18541958        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    18551959        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18561960        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1857 @list l20:level9
     1961@list l22:level9
    18581962        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    18591963        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18601964        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1861 @list l21
     1965@list l23
    18621966        {mso-list-id:1669404025;
    18631967        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    18641968        mso-list-template-ids:-1814001090 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1865 @list l21:level1
     1969@list l23:level1
    18661970        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    18671971        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    18701974        text-indent:-.25in;
    18711975        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
    1872 @list l21:level2
     1976@list l23:level2
    18731977        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    18741978        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18751979        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1876 @list l21:level3
     1980@list l23:level3
    18771981        {mso-level-tab-stop:112.5pt;
    18781982        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18791983        margin-left:112.5pt;
    18801984        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1881 @list l21:level4
     1985@list l23:level4
    18821986        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    18831987        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18841988        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1885 @list l21:level5
     1989@list l23:level5
    18861990        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    18871991        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18881992        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1889 @list l21:level6
     1993@list l23:level6
    18901994        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    18911995        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18921996        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1893 @list l21:level7
     1997@list l23:level7
    18941998        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    18951999        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18962000        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1897 @list l21:level8
     2001@list l23:level8
    18982002        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    18992003        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19002004        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1901 @list l21:level9
     2005@list l23:level9
    19022006        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    19032007        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19042008        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1905 @list l22
     2009@list l24
    19062010        {mso-list-id:1753089587;
    19072011        mso-list-template-ids:1555050902;}
    1908 @list l22:level1
     2012@list l24:level1
    19092013        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    19102014        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19112015        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1912 @list l22:level2
     2016@list l24:level2
    19132017        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    19142018        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19152019        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1916 @list l22:level3
     2020@list l24:level3
    19172021        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    19182022        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19192023        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1920 @list l22:level4
     2024@list l24:level4
    19212025        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    19222026        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19232027        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1924 @list l22:level5
     2028@list l24:level5
    19252029        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    19262030        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19272031        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1928 @list l22:level6
     2032@list l24:level6
    19292033        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    19302034        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19312035        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1932 @list l22:level7
     2036@list l24:level7
    19332037        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    19342038        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19352039        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1936 @list l22:level8
     2040@list l24:level8
    19372041        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    19382042        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19392043        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1940 @list l22:level9
     2044@list l24:level9
    19412045        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    19422046        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19432047        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1944 @list l23
     2048@list l25
    19452049        {mso-list-id:1773695911;
    19462050        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    19472051        mso-list-template-ids:-1704541642 595615172 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1948 @list l23:level1
     2052@list l25:level1
    19492053        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    19502054        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19512055        margin-left:.75in;
    19522056        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1953 @list l23:level2
     2057@list l25:level2
    19542058        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    19552059        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    19572061        margin-left:1.25in;
    19582062        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1959 @list l23:level3
     2063@list l25:level3
    19602064        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    19612065        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    19632067        margin-left:1.75in;
    19642068        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    1965 @list l23:level4
     2069@list l25:level4
    19662070        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    19672071        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19682072        margin-left:2.25in;
    19692073        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1970 @list l23:level5
     2074@list l25:level5
    19712075        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    19722076        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    19742078        margin-left:2.75in;
    19752079        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1976 @list l23:level6
     2080@list l25:level6
    19772081        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    19782082        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    19802084        margin-left:3.25in;
    19812085        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    1982 @list l23:level7
     2086@list l25:level7
    19832087        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    19842088        mso-level-number-position:left;
    19852089        margin-left:3.75in;
    19862090        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1987 @list l23:level8
     2091@list l25:level8
    19882092        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    19892093        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    19912095        margin-left:4.25in;
    19922096        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1993 @list l23:level9
     2097@list l25:level9
    19942098        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    19952099        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    19972101        margin-left:4.75in;
    19982102        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    1999 @list l24
     2103@list l26
     2104        {mso-list-id:1840269000;
     2105        mso-list-type:hybrid;
     2106        mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     2107@list l26:level1
     2108        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2109        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2110        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2111@list l26:level2
     2112        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     2113        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2114        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2115        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2116@list l26:level3
     2117        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2118        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2119        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2120@list l26:level4
     2121        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2122        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2123        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2124@list l26:level5
     2125        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2126        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2127        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2128@list l26:level6
     2129        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2130        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2131        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2132@list l26:level7
     2133        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2134        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2135        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2136@list l26:level8
     2137        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2138        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2139        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2140@list l26:level9
     2141        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2142        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2143        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2144@list l27
    20002145        {mso-list-id:2029942403;
    20012146        mso-list-template-ids:1555050902;}
    2002 @list l24:level1
     2147@list l27:level1
    20032148        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    20042149        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20052150        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2006 @list l24:level2
     2151@list l27:level2
    20072152        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    20082153        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20092154        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2010 @list l24:level3
     2155@list l27:level3
    20112156        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    20122157        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20132158        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2014 @list l24:level4
     2159@list l27:level4
    20152160        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    20162161        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20172162        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2018 @list l24:level5
     2163@list l27:level5
    20192164        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    20202165        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20212166        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2022 @list l24:level6
     2167@list l27:level6
    20232168        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    20242169        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20252170        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2026 @list l24:level7
     2171@list l27:level7
    20272172        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    20282173        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20292174        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2030 @list l24:level8
     2175@list l27:level8
    20312176        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    20322177        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20332178        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2034 @list l24:level9
     2179@list l27:level9
    20352180        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    20362181        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20372182        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2038 @list l25
     2183@list l28
    20392184        {mso-list-id:2095858496;
    20402185        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    20412186        mso-list-template-ids:-2088890812 709683864 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    2042 @list l25:level1
     2187@list l28:level1
    20432188        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    20442189        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20452190        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2046 @list l25:level2
     2191@list l28:level2
    20472192        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    20482193        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20492194        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2050 @list l25:level3
     2195@list l28:level3
    20512196        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    20522197        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20532198        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2054 @list l25:level4
     2199@list l28:level4
    20552200        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    20562201        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20572202        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2058 @list l25:level5
     2203@list l28:level5
    20592204        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    20602205        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20612206        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2062 @list l25:level6
     2207@list l28:level6
    20632208        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    20642209        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20652210        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2066 @list l25:level7
     2211@list l28:level7
    20672212        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    20682213        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20692214        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2070 @list l25:level8
     2215@list l28:level8
    20712216        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    20722217        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20732218        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2074 @list l25:level9
     2219@list l28:level9
    20752220        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    20762221        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20772222        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2078 @list l26
     2223@list l29
    20792224        {mso-list-id:2114591880;
    20802225        mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
    2081 @list l26:level1
     2226@list l29:level1
    20822227        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    20832228        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20842229        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2085 @list l26:level2
     2230@list l29:level2
    20862231        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    20872232        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    20882233        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20892234        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2090 @list l26:level3
     2235@list l29:level3
    20912236        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    20922237        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20932238        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2094 @list l26:level4
     2239@list l29:level4
    20952240        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    20962241        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    20972242        mso-level-number-position:left;
    20982243        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2099 @list l26:level5
     2244@list l29:level5
    21002245        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    21012246        mso-level-number-position:left;
    21022247        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2103 @list l26:level6
     2248@list l29:level6
    21042249        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    21052250        mso-level-number-position:left;
    21062251        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2107 @list l26:level7
     2252@list l29:level7
    21082253        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    21092254        mso-level-number-position:left;
    21102255        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2111 @list l26:level8
     2256@list l29:level8
    21122257        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    21132258        mso-level-number-position:left;
    21142259        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2115 @list l26:level9
     2260@list l29:level9
    21162261        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    21172262        mso-level-number-position:left;
     
    22732418as outlined below: <o:p></o:p></span></p>
    22742419
    2275 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2420<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    22762421style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    22772422style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
     
    22792424
    22802425<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2281 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2426auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    22822427style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    22832428style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    22882433class=SpellE>gpx</span> file (e.g. name.bak3.gpx) to recover a previous version
    22892434of your project. Remember to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Save As</b>&#8230;
    2290 to e.g. name.gpx to overwrite the current version. Otherwise you will get
    2291 backups of your backup file (e.g. name.bak3.bak0.gpx, etc.).</p>
    2292 
    2293 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2294 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2435to e.g. name.gpx to overwrite the current version. Otherwise you will get backups
     2436of your backup file (e.g. name.bak3.bak0.gpx, etc.).</p>
     2437
     2438<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     2439auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    22952440style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    22962441style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    23032448
    23042449<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2305 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2450auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    23062451style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    23072452style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    23132458
    23142459<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2315 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2460auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    23162461style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    23172462style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    23222467
    23232468<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2324 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2469auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    23252470style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
    23262471style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    23282473style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; Exit the GSAS-II
    23292474program; if there is a current project you will be asked if you want to save it
    2330 first. Pressing the red X in the upper right (Windows) also exits (no save option)
    2331 GSAS-II; useful for escaping from GSAS-II if needed.</span></p>
    2332 
    2333 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2475first. Pressing the red X in the upper right (Windows) also exits (no save
     2476option) GSAS-II; useful for escaping from GSAS-II if needed.</span></p>
     2477
     2478<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><b
    23342479style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    23352480style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    23382483
    23392484<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2340 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2485auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    23412486style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    23422487style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    23512496
    23522497<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2353 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2498auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    23542499style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    23552500style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    23602505
    23612506<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2362 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2507auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    23632508style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    23642509style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    23702515
    23712516<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2372 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2517auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    23732518style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    23742519style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    23802525
    23812526<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2382 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2527auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    23832528style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
    23842529style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    23932538
    23942539<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2395 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2540auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    23962541style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
    23972542style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    24012546
    24022547<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2403 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2548auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24042549style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
    24052550style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    24092554
    24102555<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2411 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2556auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24122557style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>h.<span
    24132558style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    24152560item from the data tree. A dialog box with a list of choices is presented.</p>
    24162561
    2417 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2562<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24182563style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    24192564style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
     
    24212566
    24222567<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2423 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2568auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24242569style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    24252570style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    24312576
    24322577<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2433 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2578auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24342579style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    24352580style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    24512596
    24522597<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2453 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2598auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24542599style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    24552600style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    24602605
    24612606<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2462 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2607auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24632608style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    24642609style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    24672612normal'><a href="#Controls">Controls</a></b> data tree item.</p>
    24682613
    2469 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2614<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24702615style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
    24712616style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
     
    24762621
    24772622<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2478 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2623auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24792624style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    24802625style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    24822627
    24832628<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2484 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2629auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24852630style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    24862631style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    24962641
    24972642<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2498 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2643auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
    24992644style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    25002645style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    25102655
    25112656<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2512 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2657auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
    25132658style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    25142659style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    25252670
    25262671<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2527 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2672auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
    25282673style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
    25292674style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    25402685
    25412686<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2542 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2687auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
    25432688style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
    25442689style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    25482693
    25492694<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2550 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2695auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><b
    25512696style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    25522697style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    25572702
    25582703<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2559 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2704auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
    25602705style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    25612706style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    25652710class=SpellE>name.CIF</span>). The file name is found in a directory dialog;
    25662711you can change directories as needed. Only .CIF (or .<span class=SpellE>cif</span>)
    2567 file names are shown. If the selected file has more than one powder pattern, a
    2568 dialog is shown with the choices; only one can be chosen. If you want more than
    2569 one, redo the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import/Powder Data/from
    2570 CIF</b> <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>file</b> command. <b
     2712file names are <span class=GramE>shown.;</span> only one can be chosen. If you
     2713want more than one, redo the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import/Powder
     2714Data/from CIF</b> <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>file</b> command. <b
    25712715style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></b></p>
    25722716
    25732717<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2574 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2718auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
    25752719style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    25762720style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     2721</span></span></span></b><![endif]><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     2722normal'>from</b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> GSAS-II <span
     2723class=SpellE>gpx</span> file</b> This reads powder patterns from a previously
     2724created GSAS-II <span class=SpellE>gpx</span> project file. If the selected
     2725file has more than one powder pattern, a dialog is shown with the choices; one
     2726or more can be selected. It will ask for an appropriate instrument parameter
     2727file to go with the selected powder data sets. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     2728normal'><o:p></o:p></b></p>
     2729
     2730<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
     2731auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2732style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
     2733style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    25772734</span></span></span></b><![endif]><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    25782735normal'>from</b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> GSAS file </b>This
     
    25852742
    25862743<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2587 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2744auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
    25882745style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    2589 style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     2746style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    25902747</span></span></span></b><![endif]><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    25912748normal'>from</b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> <span
     
    25982755
    25992756<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2600 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
    2601 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
     2757auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2758style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
    26022759style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    26032760class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>guess</b></span><b
     
    26072764
    26082765<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2609 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2766auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><b
    26102767style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    26112768style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    26162773
    26172774<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2618 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2775auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
    26192776style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    26202777style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    26282785
    26292786<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2630 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2787auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
    26312788style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    26322789style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    26402797
    26412798<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2642 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2799auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
    26432800style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    26442801style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    26522809
    26532810<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    2654 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
     2811auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
    26552812style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    26562813style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    26622819the file.<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></b></p>
    26632820
    2664 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2821<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    26652822style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
    26662823style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
     
    26682825
    26692826<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2670 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2827auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    26712828style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    26722829style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    26752832
    26762833<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2677 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2834auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    26782835style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    26792836style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    26842841
    26852842<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2686 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2843auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    26872844style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    26882845style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    26912848
    26922849<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2693 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2850auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    26942851style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    26952852style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
    26962853style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export PDF&#8230;</b> - This writes two
    26972854simple text files name.gr and <span class=SpellE>name.sq</span> containing g(r)
    2698 and s(q), respectively as 2 <span class=SpellE>colums</span> of data; a header
    2699 on each indicated the source file name and the column headings. The name comes
    2700 from the PDF entry in the GSAS-II data tree.</p>
    2701 
    2702 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2703 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2855and s(q), respectively as 2 columns of data; a header on each indicated the
     2856source file name and the column headings. The name comes from the PDF entry in
     2857the GSAS-II data tree.</p>
     2858
     2859<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     2860auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    27042861style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
    27052862style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    27082865
    27092866<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    2710 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2867text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
    27112868style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
    27122869style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    27542911window provides the main controls for the refinement calculations in GSAS-II.
    27552912Two of the main refinement tools are the <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>fortran</span></span>
    2756 MINPACK <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span>
    2757 algorithms wrapped in python as provided in the <span class=SpellE>Scipy</span>
    2758 package and a third one is a python version utilizing only the <span
    2759 class=SpellE>numpy</span> package. The purpose is to </span>minimize the sum of
    2760 the squares of M<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    2761 nonlinear functions in N variables by a modification of the <span class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt
     2913MINPACK <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span> algorithms
     2914wrapped in python as provided in the <span class=SpellE>Scipy</span> package
     2915and a third one is a python version utilizing only the <span class=SpellE>numpy</span>
     2916package. The purpose is to </span>minimize the sum of the squares of M<span
     2917style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> nonlinear functions in N
     2918variables by a modification of the <span class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt
    27622919algorithm. The <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span>
    27632920routines were written by </span>Burton S. <span class=SpellE>Garbow</span>,
     
    27712928<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    27722929
    2773 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2930<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
    27742931style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    27752932style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    27832940Hessian&#8217; for routine work.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    27842941
    2785 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2942<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
    27862943style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    27872944style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    27932950to 1.0.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    27942951
    2795 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2952<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
    27962953style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    27972954style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    28052962performance.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    28062963
    2807 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2964<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
    28082965style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
    28092966style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    28172974cycles.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    28182975
    2819 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
     2976<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
    28202977style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
    28212978style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    28362993<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
    28372994window shows the constraints to be used in a refinement. It is organized into
    2838 three tabbed pages. &#8216;Phase constraints&#8217; contain those involving parameters
    2839 that describe aspects of the crystalline phases to be used in the refinement
    2840 (e.g. atom coordinates, thermal motion and site fraction parameters).
    2841 &#8216;Histogram/Phase constraints&#8217; are those which describe aspects of
    2842 the pattern that depend on both the phase and the data set used in the
    2843 refinement (e.g. </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:
     2995three tabbed pages. &#8216;Phase constraints&#8217; contain those involving
     2996parameters that describe aspects of the crystalline phases to be used in the
     2997refinement (e.g. atom coordinates, thermal motion and site fraction
     2998parameters). &#8216;Histogram/Phase constraints&#8217; are those which describe
     2999aspects of the pattern that depend on both the phase and the data set used in
     3000the refinement (e.g. </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:
    28443001"Times New Roman"'>m</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>strain
    28453002and crystallite size parameters). &#8216;Histogram constraints&#8217; are those
     
    28493006<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    28503007
    2851 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level1 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3008<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
    28523009style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    28533010style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    2854 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select the tab for the parameter
    2855 types you wish to constrain. Each will have the same possibilities in the
    2856 &#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit&#8217;</b> menu.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    2857 
    2858 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level1 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3011style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select the tab for the
     3012parameter types you wish to constrain. Each will have the same possibilities in
     3013the &#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit&#8217;</b> menu.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3014
     3015<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
    28593016style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    28603017style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    28633020
    28643021<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2865 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3022auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
    28663023style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    28673024style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    28813038
    28823039<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2883 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3040auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
    28843041style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    28853042style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    29003057
    29013058<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2902 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3059auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29033060style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    29043061style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    29183075
    29193076<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    2920 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3077text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29213078style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    29223079style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    29383095&#8220;fitted&#8221; during the refinement.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    29393096
    2940 <h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    2941 
    2942 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3097<h5 style='tab-stops:125.25pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
     3098can I do here?<span style='mso-tab-count:1'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></span></h5>
     3099
     3100<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29433101style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    29443102style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    29473105&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit&#8217;</b> menu.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    29483106
    2949 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3107<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29503108style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    29513109style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    29553113Default value for the weight factor is 1.0.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    29563114
    2957 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3115<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29583116style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    29593117style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    29613119use the restraints in subsequent refinements. Default is to use the restraints.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    29623120
    2963 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3121<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29643122style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
    29653123style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    29673125range used to find the bonds/angles that meet your criteria for restraint.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    29683126
    2969 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3127<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29703128style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
    29713129style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    29783136by the weight factor).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    29793137
    2980 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3138<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29813139style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span
    29823140style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    29863144
    29873145<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2988 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3146auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29893147style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    29903148style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    29963154
    29973155<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    2998 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3156auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    29993157style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    30003158style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    30073165
    30083166<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3009 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3167auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    30103168style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    30113169style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    30183176
    30193177<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3020 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3178auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    30213179style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    30223180style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    30383196
    30393197<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3040 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3198auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    30413199style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
    30423200style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    30473205
    30483206<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3049 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3207auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    30503208style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
    30513209style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    30573215
    30583216<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    3059 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3217text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level2 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
    30603218style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
    30613219style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    30663224restraints.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    30673225
     3226<h4><a name="Rigid_bodies"></a><a name="_Ref355170529"></a><a
     3227name="_Rigid_bodies"></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Rigid_bodies'><span
     3228style='mso-bookmark:_Ref355170529'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Rigid
     3229bodies</span></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Rigid_bodies'><span
     3230style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h4>
     3231
     3232<span style='mso-bookmark:Rigid_bodies'></span>
     3233
     3234<p class=MsoNormal>This window shows the rigid body models that have been
     3235entered into GSAS-II for this project. There are two tabs; one is for vector
     3236style rigid bodies and the other is for flexible &#8220;Residue&#8221; rigid
     3237bodies. Note that these rigid bodies must be inserted into one of the phases
     3238before it can take effect in the crystal structure description.</p>
     3239
     3240<h5 style='tab-stops:125.25pt'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
     3241can I do here?<span style='mso-tab-count:1'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></span></h5>
     3242
     3243<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level1 lfo29'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3244style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
     3245style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     3246style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select the tab for the rigid
     3247body type you wish to use. Each will have the different possibilities in the
     3248&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit&#8217;</b> menu depending on
     3249whether a rigid body has been defined.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3250
     3251<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level1 lfo29'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3252style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
     3253style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     3254style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
     3255style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit</b>&#8217; &#8211; the entries listed
     3256below depend on which type of rigid body is selected.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3257
     3258<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     3259auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level2 lfo29'><![if !supportLists]><b
     3260style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
     3261style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3262</span></span></span></b><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3263style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add rigid body</span></b><span
     3264style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; (Vector rigid
     3265bodies) this creates a vector description of a rigid body. A dialog box asks
     3266the number of atoms (&gt;2) and the number of vectors required to create the
     3267rigid body. An entry will be created showing a magnitude with the vector set to
     3268be applied for each vector needed to develop the rigid body.<b
     3269style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></b></span></p>
     3270
     3271<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     3272auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level2 lfo29'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3273style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
     3274style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     3275style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Import
     3276XYZ</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
     3277(Residue rigid bodies) this reads a text file containing a set of Cartesian coordinates
     3278describing a rigid body model. Each line has atom type (e.g. C, Na, etc.) and
     3279Cartesian X, Y and Z.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3280
     3281<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     3282auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level2 lfo29'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3283style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
     3284style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     3285style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Define
     3286sequence</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
     3287(Residue rigid bodies) this defines a variable torsion angle in a sequence of
     3288dialog boxes. The first one asks for the origin and the second asks for the
     3289pivot atom for the torsion from the nearest neighbors to the origin atom; the
     3290atoms that ride on the selected torsion are automatically found from their bond
     3291lengths.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3292
     3293<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     3294auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level2 lfo29'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3295style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
     3296style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     3297style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Import
     3298residues</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
     3299(Residue rigid bodies) this reads a predetermined macro file that contains
     3300standard (<span class=SpellE>Engh</span> &amp; Huber) coordinates for the amino
     3301acids found in natural proteins along with predetermined variable torsion angle
     3302definitions.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3303
     3304<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level1 lfo29'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3305style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
     3306style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     3307style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Once a rigid body is defined
     3308you can plot it, change its name or manipulate any torsion angle to see the
     3309effect on the plot.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3310
     3311<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level1 lfo29'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3312style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
     3313style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     3314style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The translation magnitudes in
     3315a vector rigid body can be refined.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3316
    30683317<h4><a name=Sequential></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Sequential</span></u><span
    30693318style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> refinement results<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
     
    30783327<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    30793328
    3080 <h5 style='margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l23 level1 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3329<h5 style='margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level1 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    30813330style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    30823331normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
     
    30843333style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Select a row</span><span
    30853334style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3086 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; this will display the variance-covariance
    3087 matrix for the refinement with that data set.<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    3088 
    3089 <h5 style='margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l23 level1 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3335normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; this will display the
     3336variance-covariance matrix for the refinement with that data set.<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
     3337
     3338<h5 style='margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level1 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    30903339style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    30913340normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
     
    30973346are also shown.<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    30983347
    3099 <h5 style='margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l23 level1 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3348<h5 style='margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level1 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    31003349style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    31013350normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
     
    31073356normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    31083357
    3109 <h5 style='margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l23 level2 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3358<h5 style='margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level2 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    31103359style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    31113360normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
     
    31233372&#8216;PWDR&#8217;, &#8217;HKLF&#8217;, &#8216;IMG&#8217;, or &#8216;PDF&#8217;
    31243373and usually a file name. These constitute the data sets
    3125 (&#8216;Histograms&#8217;) to be used by GSAS-II for analysis. Selection of
    3126 these items does not produce any information in the data window but does
    3127 display the data in the Plots Window. They are described below.</p>
     3374(&#8216;Histograms&#8217;) to be used by GSAS-II for analysis. Selection of these
     3375items does not produce any information in the data window but does display the
     3376data in the Plots Window. They are described below.</p>
    31283377
    31293378<h3><a name="PWD_Analysis"></a>Powder Histograms - PWDR</h3>
     
    31393388style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
    31403389
    3141 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo6'><span
     3390<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l27 level1 lfo6'><span
    31423391style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    31433392"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    31463395
    31473396<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    3148 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l21 level1 lfo7'><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3397text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l23 level1 lfo7'><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><![if !supportLists]><span
    31493398style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    31503399style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    31833432<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    31843433
    3185 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3434<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
    31863435style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    31873436style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    31913440changed (the background on the box will be blue or have a black border or a
    31923441vertical bar will appear in the value), then enter the new value and press
    3193 Enter or click the mouse elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the
    3194 new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    3195 
    3196 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3442Enter or click the mouse elsewhere in the Limits window. This will set the new
     3443value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3444
     3445<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
    31973446style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    31983447style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    3199 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Modify the values of &#8216;changed&#8217;;
    3200 this can be done on the plot by dragging the limit bars (left &#8211; vertical
    3201 green dashed line, right &#8211; vertical red dashed line) into position. A
    3202 left or right mouse click on a data point on the plot will set the associated
    3203 limit. In either case the appropriate value on the &#8216;changed&#8217; row
    3204 will be updated immediately.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    3205 
    3206 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3448style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Modify the values of
     3449&#8216;changed&#8217;; this can be done on the plot by dragging the limit bars
     3450(left &#8211; vertical green dashed line, right &#8211; vertical red dashed
     3451line) into position. A left or right mouse click on a data point on the plot
     3452will set the associated limit. In either case the appropriate value on the
     3453&#8216;changed&#8217; row will be updated immediately.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3454
     3455<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
    32073456style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    32083457style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    32113460
    32123461<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    3213 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo8;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3462text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo8;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
    32143463style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    32153464style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
    32163465style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy</span></b><span
    3217 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this copies the
    3218 limits shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy
     3466style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this copies the limits
     3467shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy
    32193468Parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder patterns, you can
    32203469copy the limits parameters to any or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217; to
     
    32903539
    32913540<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>3).
    3292 A set of individual Bragg peaks using the pseudo-Voigt profile function as their
    3293 shapes. Their parameters are &#8216;<span class=SpellE>pos</span>&#8217;,
     3541A set of individual Bragg peaks using the pseudo-Voigt profile function as
     3542their shapes. Their parameters are &#8216;<span class=SpellE>pos</span>&#8217;,
    32943543&#8217;<span class=SpellE>int</span>&#8217;, &#8216;sig&#8217; &amp;
    32953544&#8216;gam&#8217;; each can be selected for refinement. The default values for
     
    32993548<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    33003549
    3301 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3550<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    33023551style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    33033552style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    33063555
    33073556<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3308 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3557auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
    33093558style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    33103559style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    33183567
    33193568<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3320 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3569auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
    33213570style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    33223571style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    33303579&#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    33313580
    3332 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3581<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    33333582style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    33343583style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    33363585Background function from the pull down tab.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    33373586
    3338 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3587<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    33393588style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    33403589style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    33423591refine the background coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    33433592
    3344 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3593<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    33453594style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
    33463595style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    33483597background coefficients to be used (1-36).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    33493598
    3350 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3599<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    33513600style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
    33523601style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    33553604mouse elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    33563605
    3357 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3606<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    33583607style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span
    33593608style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    33643613with the &#8216;A&#8217; coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    33653614
    3366 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3615<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    33673616style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>7.<span
    33683617style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    33833632style='color:#0070C0'><a href="#Peak_List">Peak_List</a></span></span></span></p>
    33843633
    3385 <p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3386 color:#0070C0'><a href="#Peak_List"><span style='color:#0070C0;text-decoration:
    3387 none;text-underline:none'>&#8217;</span><span style='color:windowtext;
    3388 text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>. <o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     3634<a href="#Peak_List"><span style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
     3635mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:#0070C0;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;
     3636mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;text-decoration:none;
     3637text-underline:none'>&#8217;</span><span style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
     3638"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;
     3639mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;
     3640text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>. </span></a><span
     3641class=MsoHyperlink><span style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
     3642mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
     3643color:windowtext;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:
     3644AR-SA;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span>
    33893645
    33903646<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span
    33913647style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    33923648style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>What
    3393 can I do here?</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3394 mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;color:#00B0F0;text-decoration:none;
    3395 text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h5>
    3396 
    3397 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo11'><span
    3398 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><![if !supportLists]><span
     3649can I do here?</span></span></a></span><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3650style='color:#00B0F0;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
     3651
     3652<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3653class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3654color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3655style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3656</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3657"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span style='color:windowtext;
     3658text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Menu
     3659&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Operations</b>&#8217; &#8211;</span></span></a><span
     3660class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     3661text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     3662
     3663<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     3664auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3665class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3666color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3667style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3668</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3669style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span
    33993670style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3400 style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3401 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3402 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Menu
    3403 &#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Operations</b>&#8217; &#8211;</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
    3404 
    3405 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3406 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l18 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><b
    3407 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    3408 href="#Peak_List"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    3409 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3410 style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3411 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3412 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Load
     3671style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Load
    34133672profile&#8230; <span style='font-weight:normal'>- loads a GSAS-II instrument
    3414 parameter file (<span class=SpellE>name.instprm</span>), replacing the existing
    3415 instrument parameter values. All refinement flags are unset.</span></span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    3416 
    3417 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3418 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l18 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><b
    3419 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    3420 href="#Peak_List"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    3421 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3673parameter file (name.instprm), replacing the existing instrument parameter
     3674values. All refinement flags are unset.</span></span></span></a><span
     3675class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     3676text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></b></p>
     3677
     3678<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     3679auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3680class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3681color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    34223682style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3423 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3424 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Save
     3683</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3684style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span
     3685style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3686style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Save
    34253687profile&#8230; - <span style='font-weight:normal'>saves the current instrument
    3426 parameter values in a simple text file (<span class=SpellE>name.instprm</span>);
    3427 you will be prompted for the file name &#8211; do not change the extension.
    3428 This file may be edited but heed the warning to not change the parameter names,
    3429 the order of the parameter records or add new parameter records as this will
    3430 invalidate the file. You may only change the numeric values if necessary. You
    3431 can change or add comment records (begins with &#8216;#&#8217;).</span></span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    3432 
    3433 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3434 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l18 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><b
    3435 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    3436 href="#Peak_List"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    3437 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3688parameter values in a simple text file (name.instprm); you will be prompted for
     3689the file name &#8211; do not change the extension. This file may be edited but
     3690heed the warning to not change the parameter names, the order of the parameter
     3691records or add new parameter records as this will invalidate the file. You may
     3692only change the numeric values if necessary. You can change or add comment
     3693records (begins with &#8216;#&#8217;).</span></span></span></a><span
     3694class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     3695text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></b></p>
     3696
     3697<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     3698auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3699class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3700color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    34383701style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3439 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3440 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Reset
    3441 profile <span style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; resets the values for the instrument
    3442 parameters to the default values shown in parentheses for each entry.</span></span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    3443 
    3444 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3445 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l18 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><b
    3446 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    3447 href="#Peak_List"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    3448 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3702</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3703style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span
     3704style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3705style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Reset
     3706profile <span style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; resets the values for the
     3707instrument parameters to the default values shown in parentheses for each
     3708entry.</span></span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:
     3709windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></b></p>
     3710
     3711<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     3712auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3713class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3714color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    34493715style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3450 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3451 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Copy<span
     3716</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3717style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span
     3718style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3719style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Copy<span
    34523720style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; this copies the instrument parameters shown
    34533721to other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy parameters) will
     
    34623730style='font-family:Symbol;font-weight:normal'>a</span></sub><sub><span
    34633731style='font-weight:normal'>2</span></sub><span style='font-weight:normal'>
    3464 ones.</span></span></span><span style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;
    3465 text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    3466 
    3467 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3468 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l18 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><b
    3469 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    3470 href="#Peak_List"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    3471 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3732ones.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3733style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     3734none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     3735
     3736<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     3737auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo12;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3738class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3739color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    34723740style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3473 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3474 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Copy
     3741</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     3742style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span
     3743style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3744style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>Copy
    34753745flags <span style='font-weight:normal'>- &#8211; this copies the instrument
    34763746parameter refinement flags shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a
     
    34853755style='font-weight:normal'>/K</span><sub><span style='font-family:Symbol;
    34863756font-weight:normal'>a</span></sub><sub><span style='font-weight:normal'>2</span></sub><span
    3487 style='font-weight:normal'> ones.</span></span></span><span style='color:windowtext;
    3488 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    3489 
    3490 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo11'><span
    3491 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><![if !supportLists]><span
    3492 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3757style='font-weight:normal'> ones.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     3758class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3759color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     3760
     3761<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3762class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3763color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    34933764style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3494 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3495 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>You
    3496 can change any of the profile coefficients</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
    3497 
    3498 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo11'><span
    3499 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><![if !supportLists]><span
    3500 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3765</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3766"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span style='color:windowtext;
     3767text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>You
     3768can change any of the profile coefficients</span></span></a><span
     3769class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     3770text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     3771
     3772<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3773class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3774color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    35013775style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3502 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3503 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>You
     3776</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3777"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span style='color:windowtext;
     3778text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'>You
    35043779can choose to refine any profile coefficients. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    35053780normal'>NB</b>: In certain circumstances some choices are ignored e.g. Zero is
    3506 not refined during peak fitting. Also some choices may lead to unstable
    3507 refinement, e.g. <span class=GramE>Lam</span> refinement and lattice parameter
    3508 refinement. Examine the &#8216;<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3509 mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><u><span
     3781not refined during peak fitting. Also some choices may lead to unstable refinement,
     3782e.g. Lam refinement and lattice parameter refinement. Examine the &#8216;<span
     3783style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast'><span
     3784style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><u><span
    35103785style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue'>Covariance&#8217;</span></u></span></span>
    3511 display for highly correlated parameters.</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     3786display for highly correlated parameters.</span></span></a><span
     3787class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     3788text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    35123789
    35133790<h4><a name="Sample_Parameters"></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    35143791"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Peak_List"><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:
    35153792accent1'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'>Sample
    3516 Parameters</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></u></h4>
     3793Parameters</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:#4F81BD;
     3794mso-themecolor:accent1'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></u></h4>
    35173795
    35183796<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     
    35213799window show the various sample dependent parameters for this powder pattern.
    35223800The presence of a refine button indicates which can be refined while others are
    3523 fixed. All values can be changed in this window. NB: for powder data <span
    3524 class=GramE>be</span> sure the correct instrument type is selected (<b
    3525 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Debye-Scherrer</b> or <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3526 normal'>Bragg-Brentano</b>).</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     3801fixed. All values can be changed in this window. NB: for powder data be sure
     3802the correct instrument type is selected (<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Debye-Scherrer</b>
     3803or <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Bragg-Brentano</b>).</span></span></a><span
     3804class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     3805text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    35273806
    35283807<h5><a name="Powder_Peaks"></a><a href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:
    35293808Powder_Peaks'><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    35303809none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    3531 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?</span></span></span></span><span
    3532 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3810style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?</span></span></span></span></a><span
     3811style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3812style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     3813normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     3814
     3815<h5 style='margin-left:.5in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo13'><span
     3816style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3817class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    35333818color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3534 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3535 
    3536 <h5 style='margin-left:.5in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo13'><span
    3537 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
    3538 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3539 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3540 bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    3541 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     3819none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
     3820style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     3821href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span
    35423822style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    35433823style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     
    35463826"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>File&#8217;</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    35473827"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3548 bold'> &#8211; </span></span></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span
    3549 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3550 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3551 
    3552 <h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level2 lfo13;
    3553 tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'></span><a
    3554 href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
    3555 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3556 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3557 style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3558 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;
    3559 text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     3828bold'> &#8211; </span></span></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span
     3829class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3830color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
     3831none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     3832
     3833<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level2 lfo13;
     3834tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3835class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3836color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
     3837none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
     3838style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     3839href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span
     3840style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3841style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    35603842style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Load</span><span
    35613843style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    35623844normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; this loads sample parameters from a
    3563 previously saved .<span class=SpellE>samprm</span> file.</span></span></span></span><span
    3564 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3845previously saved .samprm file.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     3846style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3847style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     3848normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     3849
     3850<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level2 lfo13;
     3851tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3852class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    35653853color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3566 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3567 
    3568 <h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level2 lfo13;
    3569 tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'></span><a
    3570 href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
    3571 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3572 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3573 style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3574 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;
    3575 text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     3854none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
     3855style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     3856href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span
     3857style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3858style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    35763859style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Save</span><span
    35773860style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    35783861normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; this saves the sample parameters to
    3579 a file with the extension &#8217;.<span class=SpellE>samprm</span>&#8217;. A
    3580 file dialog box will appear to ask for the file name.</span></span></span></span><span
    3581 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3582 color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3583 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
     3862a file with the extension &#8217;.samprm&#8217;. A file dialog box will appear
     3863to ask for the file name.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     3864style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3865style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     3866normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
    35843867
    35853868<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    3586 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level2 lfo13;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
    3587 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
    3588 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3589 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3869text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level2 lfo13;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     3870style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3871class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3872color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    35903873style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3591 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     3874</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
     3875style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    35923876none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><b
    35933877style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy</span></b><span
     
    35973881patterns, you can copy the sample parameters to any or all of them; select
    35983882&#8216;All&#8217; to copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to
    3599 do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation. </span></span></span></span><span
    3600 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3601 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
     3883do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation. </span></span></span></span></a><span
     3884style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3885style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     3886none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    36023887
    36033888<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    3604 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level2 lfo13;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
    3605 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
    3606 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3607 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3889text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level2 lfo13;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     3890style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3891class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3892color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    36083893style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3609 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     3894</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
     3895style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    36103896none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><b
    36113897style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy
     
    36163902parameter refinement flags to any or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217; to
    36173903copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy;
    3618 &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation. </span></span></span></span><span
    3619 style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3620 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
     3904&#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation. </span></span></span></span></a><span
     3905style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3906style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     3907none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    36213908
    36223909<h4><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><a name="_Ref350849079"></a><a
    3623 name="Peak_List"></a></span><a href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:
    3624 Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-bookmark:_Ref350849079'><span style='color:#4F81BD;
    3625 mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3626 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    3627 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></span></span></span></span><span
    3628 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:
    3629 accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></h4>
     3910name="Peak_List"></a><span style='mso-bookmark:_Ref350849079'></span></span><a
     3911href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span
     3912style='mso-bookmark:_Ref350849079'><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:
     3913accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:
     3914" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3915"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></span></span></span></span></a><span
     3916class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3917color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h4>
    36303918
    36313919<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    36323920href="#Covariance"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
    36333921text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'>This
    3634 window shows the list of peaks that will be used by the peak fitting
    3635 refinement. It is filled by picking peaks in the powder pattern displayed in
    3636 the GSASII Plots window as a sequence of &#8216;+&#8217; marks.</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     3922window shows the list of peaks that will be used by the peak fitting refinement.
     3923It is filled by picking peaks in the powder pattern displayed in the GSASII
     3924Plots window as a sequence of &#8216;+&#8217; marks.</span></span></a><span
     3925class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     3926text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    36373927
    36383928<h5><a name="Index_Peaks"></a><a href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:
    36393929Index_Peaks'><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    36403930none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    3641 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here? </span></span></span></span><span
    3642 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3643 color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3644 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3645 
    3646 <h5 style='margin-left:45.0pt;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo14'><span
    3647 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
    3648 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3649 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3650 bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    3651 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    3652 style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3653 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     3931style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here? </span></span></span></span></a><span
     3932style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3933style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     3934normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     3935
     3936<h5 style='margin-left:45.0pt;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo14'><span
     3937style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3938style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     3939normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3940style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3941</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
     3942style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:
     3943none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    36543944style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    36553945normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Menu &#8216;</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    36563946"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Peak Fitting</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    36573947"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3658 bold'>&#8217; &#8211; </span></span></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:
    3659 Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;
    3660 font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    3661 none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3662 
    3663 <h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo14;
    3664 tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a
    3665 href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
    3666 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3667 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3668 style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3669 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;
    3670 text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     3948bold'>&#8217; &#8211; </span></span></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:
     3949Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3950"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3951bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     3952
     3953<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo14;
     3954tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3955class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3956color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
     3957none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
     3958style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     3959href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
     3960style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3961style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    36713962style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Auto search</span><span
    36723963style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     
    36743965positions. These are selected based on peak tops that are substantially above
    36753966background. Noisy data will give spurious peaks and small peaks or shoulders
    3676 will not be found. Examine results &amp; modify as needed.</span></span></span></span><span
    3677 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3967will not be found. Examine results &amp; modify as needed.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     3968style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3969style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     3970normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     3971
     3972<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo14;
     3973tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3974class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    36783975color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3679 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3680 
    3681 <h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo14;
    3682 tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a
    3683 href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
    3684 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3685 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3686 style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3687 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;
    3688 text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    3689 class=SpellE><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>UnDo</span></span><span
     3976none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
     3977style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     3978href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
     3979style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     3980style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     3981style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>UnDo</span><span
    36903982style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    36913983normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; resets peak parameters, background
     
    36933985to their original values. Use this to recover from a failed refinement.
    36943986Note:<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>&nbsp; </span>there is only a single level
    3695 of recovery available.</span></span></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:
    3696 Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;
    3697 font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    3698 none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3699 
    3700 <h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo14;
    3701 tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a
    3702 href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3987of recovery available.</span></span></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:
     3988Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3989"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
     3990bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     3991
     3992<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo14;
     3993tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3994class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     3995color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
     3996none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
     3997style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     3998href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
     3999style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4000style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     4001style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>LSQ PeakFit</span><span
    37034002style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3704 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3705 style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3706 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;
    3707 text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    3708 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>LSQ <span
    3709 class=SpellE>PeakFit</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3710 color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; perform
    3711 a least squares fit of the peaks in <span class=SpellE>PeakList</span> to the
    3712 data. Any peak parameters, background parameters and instrument parameters with
    3713 refine checked will be varied in this refinement. The refinement will proceed
    3714 until convergence. We suggest you vary the intensity along with the background
    3715 first (the default), then vary the position and instrument parameters after.
    3716 The order will depend on how poor is the initial estimate of the instrument
    3717 parameters (U, V, W, X, Y &amp; SH/L). To determine how to proceed, examine in
    3718 detail the powder pattern difference curve displayed in the GSASII Plots
    3719 window. If individual peaks show peak widths that are widely different, their
    3720 individual sigma and gamma parameters may be refined. If the refinement results
    3721 in negative peak coefficients, these will be highlighted in red. If this
    3722 happens, you should </span><span class=SpellE><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3723 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>UnDo</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4003normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; perform a least squares fit of the
     4004peaks in Peak List to the data. Any peak parameters, background parameters and
     4005instrument parameters with refine checked will be varied in this refinement.
     4006The refinement will proceed until convergence. We suggest you vary the
     4007intensity along with the background first (the default), then vary the position
     4008and instrument parameters after. The order will depend on how poor is the
     4009initial estimate of the instrument parameters (U, V, W, X, Y &amp; SH/L). To
     4010determine how to proceed, examine in detail the powder pattern difference curve
     4011displayed in the GSASII Plots window. If individual peaks show peak widths that
     4012are widely different, their individual sigma and gamma parameters may be
     4013refined. If the refinement results in negative peak coefficients, these will be
     4014highlighted in red. If this happens, you should </span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4015"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>UnDo</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    37244016"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3725 bold'> the refinement and reconsider your choice of parameters to be varied.</span></span></span></span><span
    3726 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4017bold'> the refinement and reconsider your choice of parameters to be varied.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4018style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4019style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     4020normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     4021
     4022<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo14;
     4023tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4024class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    37274025color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3728 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3729 
    3730 <h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo14;
    3731 tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a
    3732 href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
    3733 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3734 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3735 style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3736 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;
    3737 text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     4026none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
     4027style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     4028href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
     4029style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4030style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    37384031style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>LSQ one
    37394032cycle </span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;
    37404033font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>&#8211; perform a single cycle of
    37414034least squares refinement. This can be used in difficult cases to get a
    3742 refinement started toward convergence.</span></span></span></span><span
    3743 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4035refinement started toward convergence.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4036style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4037style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     4038normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     4039
     4040<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo14;
     4041tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4042class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    37444043color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3745 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3746 
    3747 <h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo14;
    3748 tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a
    3749 href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
    3750 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3751 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3752 style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3753 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;
    3754 text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     4044none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
     4045style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     4046href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
     4047style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4048style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    37554049style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Reset sig
    37564050and gam </span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    37574051color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>&#8211; this
    37584052resets the values of sigma and gamma to those computed from the instrument
    3759 parameters U, V, W, <span class=GramE>X</span> &amp; Y.</span></span></span></span><span
    3760 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4053parameters U, V, W, X &amp; Y.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4054style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4055style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     4056normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     4057
     4058<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo14;
     4059tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4060class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    37614061color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3762 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3763 
    3764 <h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo14;
    3765 tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a
    3766 href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
    3767 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3768 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3769 style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3770 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;
    3771 text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     4062none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
     4063style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     4064href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
     4065style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4066style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    37724067style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Clear peaks </span><span
    37734068style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    37744069normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>&#8211; this removes all the peaks from the
    3775 Peak List.</span></span></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
     4070Peak List.</span></span></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
     4071class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4072color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
     4073none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     4074
     4075<h5 style='margin-left:45.0pt;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo14'><span
     4076style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
    37764077style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3777 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3778 
    3779 <h5 style='margin-left:45.0pt;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo14'><span
    3780 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
    3781 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3782 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3783 bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    3784 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    3785 style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3786 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     4078normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4079style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4080</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
     4081style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:
     4082none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    37874083style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    37884084normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>You can add peaks to the Peak list using the
     
    37924088that position. Be sure that the Zoom/Pan buttons are not selected on the Plot
    37934089window. We recommend that you begin picking peaks from the right side of the
    3794 pattern; that way the tool tip won&#8217;t be in your way as you select peaks.</span></span></span></span><span
    3795 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3796 color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3797 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3798 
    3799 <h5 style='margin-left:45.0pt;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo14'><span
    3800 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
    3801 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3802 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3803 bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    3804 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    3805 style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3806 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     4090pattern; that way the tool tip won&#8217;t be in your way as you select peaks.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4091style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4092style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     4093normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     4094
     4095<h5 style='margin-left:45.0pt;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo14'><span
     4096style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4097style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     4098normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4099style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4100</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
     4101style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:
     4102none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    38074103style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    38084104normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>You can move a Peak List item using the mouse
     
    38104106to move, 2) holding the left mouse button down, drag to the desired position
    38114107&amp; then release the button. The peak line will be drawn in the new position.
    3812 Be sure that the Zoom/Pan buttons are not selected on the Plot window.</span></span></span></span><span
    3813 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3814 color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
    3815 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
     4108Be sure that the Zoom/Pan buttons are not selected on the Plot window.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4109style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4110style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     4111normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
    38164112
    38174113<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-left:45.0pt;mso-add-space:
    3818 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo14'><span style='mso-bookmark:
    3819 Index_Peaks'></span><a href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4114auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo14'><span style='mso-bookmark:
     4115Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
    38204116style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    38214117none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
    3822 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     4118style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     4119href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
    38234120style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    38244121style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    3825 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change individual
    3826 peak coefficient values. Enter the value then press Enter or Tab or click the
    3827 mouse elsewhere in the Peak List window. This will set the new value.</span></span></span></span><span
    3828 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3829 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
     4122style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change individual peak
     4123coefficient values. Enter the value then press Enter or Tab or click the mouse
     4124elsewhere in the Peak List window. This will set the new value.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4125style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4126style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4127none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    38304128
    38314129<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:45.0pt;mso-add-space:auto;
    3832 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo14'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a
    3833 href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
    3834 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3835 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
    3836 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    3837 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3838 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'>You
     4130text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo14'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4131class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4132color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4133style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4134</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
     4135style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4136none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'>You
    38394137can change the refine flags either by clicking on the box or by selecting one
    38404138and then selecting the column (a single click on the column heading; column
    38414139should show in blue). Then type &#8216;y&#8217; to set the refine flags or
    3842 &#8216;n&#8217; to clear the flags. </span></span></span><span
    3843 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3844 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
    3845 
    3846 <h5 style='margin-left:45.0pt;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo14'><span
    3847 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
    3848 style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3849 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3850 bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span
    3851 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    3852 style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3853 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
     4140&#8216;n&#8217; to clear the flags. </span></span></span></a><span
     4141style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4142style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4143none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4144
     4145<h5 style='margin-left:45.0pt;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo14'><span
     4146style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4147style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     4148normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4149style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4150</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Covariance"><span
     4151style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:
     4152none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    38544153style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    38554154normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>You can delete peaks in the Peak List by
     
    38594158button. The blue line should vanish and the corresponding peak will be removed
    38604159from the Peak List. Be sure that the Zoom/Pan buttons are not selected on the
    3861 Plot window.</span></span></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
    3862 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    3863 normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
     4160Plot window.</span></span></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
     4161class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4162color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold;text-decoration:
     4163none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
    38644164
    38654165<h4><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><a name="Index_Peak_List"></a></span><a
     
    38674167style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    38684168none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Covariance\0022 "'><span
    3869 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Index Peak List</span></span></span></span><span
    3870 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:
    3871 accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></h4>
     4169style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Index Peak List</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4170class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4171color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h4>
    38724172
    38734173<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     
    38794179style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue'>Unit Cells List</span></u></span></span>).
    38804180It must be filled before indexing can proceed. When indexing is completed, this
    3881 display will show the resulting <span class=SpellE>hkl</span> values for every
    3882 indexed reflection along with the calculated d-spacing (&#8216;d-<span
    3883 class=SpellE>calc</span>&#8217;) for the selected unit cell in <span
    3884 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast'><span
    3885 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Unit_Cells_List\0022 "'><u><span
    3886 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue'>Unit Cells List</span></u></span></span>.</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4181display will show the resulting hkl values for every indexed reflection along
     4182with the calculated d-spacing (&#8216;d-calc&#8217;) for the selected unit cell
     4183in <span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:
     4184minor-fareast'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Unit_Cells_List\0022 "'><u><span
     4185style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue'>Unit Cells List</span></u></span></span>.</span></span></a><span
     4186class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     4187text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    38874188
    38884189<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    38894190href="#Covariance"><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    38904191none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Unit_Cells_List\0022 "'>What
    3891 can I do here?</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h5>
    3892 
    3893 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level1 lfo15'><span
    3894 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Unit_Cells_List"><![if !supportLists]><span
    3895 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4192can I do here?</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4193style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     4194
     4195<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l28 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4196class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4197color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    38964198style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3897 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3898 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Unit_Cells_List\0022 "'>Menu
     4199</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4200"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='color:windowtext;
     4201text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Unit_Cells_List\0022 "'>Menu
    38994202&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Operations</b>&#8217; &#8211; <b
    39004203style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Load/Reload</b> &#8211; loads the peak
     
    39024205mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Peak_List\0022 "'><u><span
    39034206style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue'>Peak List</span></u></span></span>
    3904 to make them available for the indexing routine. The d-<span class=SpellE>obs</span>
    3905 is obtained from Bragg&#8217;s Law after applying the Zero correction shown on
    3906 the <span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:
    3907 minor-fareast'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Instrument_Parameters\0022 "'><u><span
    3908 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue'>Instrument
    3909 Parameters</span></u></span></span> table to the position shown here.</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
    3910 
    3911 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level1 lfo15'><span
    3912 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Unit_Cells_List"><![if !supportLists]><span
    3913 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4207to make them available for the indexing routine. The d-obs is obtained from
     4208Bragg&#8217;s Law after applying the Zero correction shown on the <span
     4209style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast'><span
     4210style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Instrument_Parameters\0022 "'><u><span
     4211style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:blue'>Instrument Parameters</span></u></span></span>
     4212table to the position shown here.</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4213style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4214
     4215<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l28 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4216class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4217color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    39144218style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3915 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3916 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Instrument_Parameters\0022 "'>You
     4219</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4220"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='color:windowtext;
     4221text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Instrument_Parameters\0022 "'>You
    39174222may deselect individual peaks from indexing by unchecking the corresponding
    3918 &#8216;use&#8217; box.</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4223&#8216;use&#8217; box.</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4224style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    39194225
    39204226<h4><a name="Cell_Indexing_Refine"></a><a name="Unit_Cells_List"></a><span
    3921 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4227style='mso-bookmark:Cell_Indexing_Refine'></span><a
    39224228href="#Instrument_Parameters"><span style='mso-bookmark:Cell_Indexing_Refine'><span
    3923 style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    3924 none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Instrument_Parameters\0022 "'>Unit
    3925 Cells List</span></span></span><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;
    3926 text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h4>
     4229style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:
     4230accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:
     4231" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Instrument_Parameters\0022 "'>Unit Cells List</span></span></span></a><span
     4232class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4233color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h4>
    39274234
    39284235<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    39294236href="#Instrument_Parameters"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    39304237none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Instrument_Parameters\0022 "'>This
    3931 window shows the controls and results from indexing of the peaks in <span
    3932 class=GramE>the </span><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK  \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><u><span
     4238window shows the controls and results from indexing of the peaks in the <span
     4239style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK  \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><u><span
    39334240style='color:blue'>Index_Peak_List</span></u></span><!--[if supportFields]><span
    39344241style='mso-element:field-begin'></span> REF Index_Peak_List \h <![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
     
    39594266 <w:data>08D0C9EA79F9BACE118C8200AA004BA90B02000000080000001000000049006E006400650078005F005000650061006B005F004C006900730074000000</w:data>
    39604267</xml><![endif]--><!--[if supportFields]><span style='mso-element:field-end'></span><![endif]-->.
    3961 </span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4268</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;
     4269text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    39624270
    39634271<h5><a name="Reflection_List"></a><a href="#Instrument_Parameters"><span
    39644272style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:
    39654273none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><span
    3966 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?</span></span></span></span><span
    3967 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3968 color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
    3969 
    3970 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo16'><span
    3971 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
     4274style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4275style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4276style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:
     4277none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     4278
     4279<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo16'><span
    39724280style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4281class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4282color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4283style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4284</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
     4285style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4286none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
     4287style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select
     4288Bravais Lattices</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     4289&#8211; the selected are tried for indexing the powder pattern. </span></span></span></span></a><span
     4290style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
    39734291style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3974 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    3975 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     4292none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4293
     4294<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo16'><span
     4295style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4296class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4297color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4298style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4299</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
     4300style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4301none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
     4302style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Max
     4303Nc/Nobs </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#8211;
     4304this controls the extent of the search for the correct indexing. This may need
     4305to be increased if an indexing trial terminates too quickly. It rarely needs to
     4306be changed.</span></span></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span
     4307class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4308color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4309
     4310<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo16'><span
     4311style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4312class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4313color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4314style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4315</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
     4316style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4317none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
     4318style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Start
     4319Volume </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#8211;
     4320this sets an initial unit cell volume for the indexing. It rarely needs to be
     4321changed.</span></span></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span
     4322class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4323color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4324
     4325<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo16'><span
     4326style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4327class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4328color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4329style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4330</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
     4331style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4332none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><span
     4333style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     4334normal'> &#8216;Cell Index/Refine&#8217; </b>&#8211; </span></span></span></span></a><span
     4335style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4336style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4337none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4338
     4339<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:.75in;mso-add-space:
     4340auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo16'><span style='mso-bookmark:
     4341Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4342style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4343none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
     4344style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     4345href="#Index_Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span
    39764346style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    39774347style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
    3978 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select
    3979 <span class=SpellE>Bravais</span> Lattices</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3980 "Times New Roman"'> &#8211; the selected are tried for indexing the powder
    3981 pattern. </span></span></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span
    3982 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3983 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
    3984 
    3985 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo16'><span
    3986 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
    3987 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
    3988 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3989 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    3990 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    3991 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    3992 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
    3993 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Max
    3994 <span class=SpellE>Nc</span>/Nobs </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3995 "Times New Roman"'>&#8211; this controls the extent of the search for the
    3996 correct indexing. This may need to be increased if an indexing trial terminates
    3997 too quickly. It rarely needs to be changed.</span></span></span></span><span
    3998 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    3999 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
    4000 
    4001 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo16'><span
    4002 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
    4003 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
    4004 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4005 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    4006 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4007 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4008 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><span
    4009 class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4010 "Times New Roman"'>Start</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    4011 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> Volume </span></b><span
    4012 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#8211; this sets an initial
    4013 unit cell volume for the indexing. It rarely needs to be changed.</span></span></span></span><span
    4014 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4015 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
    4016 
    4017 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo16'><span
    4018 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
    4019 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
    4020 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4021 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
    4022 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4023 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4024 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><span
    4025 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4026 normal'> &#8216;Cell Index/Refine&#8217; </b>&#8211; </span></span></span></span><span
    4027 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4028 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
    4029 
    4030 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:.75in;mso-add-space:
    4031 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo16'><span style='mso-bookmark:
    4032 Reflection_List'></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:
    4033 Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4034 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4035 style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4036 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4037 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
    40384348style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Index
    40394349Cell</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
     
    40454355style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>M20</b> for each; good solutions are
    40464356indicated by high <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>M20</b> values. <b
    4047 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>X20</b> gives number of <span class=SpellE>unindexed</span>
    4048 lines out of the 1<sup>st</sup> 20 lines and <span class=SpellE><span
    4049 class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Nc</b></span></span> gives
    4050 total number of reflections generated for each solution.</span></span></span></span><span
    4051 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4052 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
     4357style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>X20</b> gives number of unindexed lines out
     4358of the 1<sup>st</sup> 20 lines and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Nc</b>
     4359gives total number of reflections generated for each solution.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4360style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4361style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4362none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    40534363
    40544364<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:.75in;mso-add-space:
    4055 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo16'><span style='mso-bookmark:
    4056 Reflection_List'></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:
    4057 Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4058 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4059 style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4060 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4061 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
     4365auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo16'><span style='mso-bookmark:
     4366Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4367style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4368none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
     4369style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     4370href="#Index_Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span
     4371style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4372style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
    40624373style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy
    40634374Cell</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
    40644375this copies selected solution to the Unit cell values; attention is paid to the
    4065 <span class=SpellE>Bravais</span> lattice shown for the choice and you may
    4066 select a <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Space group</b> from the pull
    4067 down box. Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Show <span class=SpellE>hkl</span>
    4068 positions</b> to give the allowed peaks; to confirm the indexing compare these
    4069 to peak positions and any unfitted peaks in the pattern.</span></span></span></span><span
    4070 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4071 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
     4376Bravais lattice shown for the choice and you may select a <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     4377normal'>Space group</b> from the pull down box. Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     4378normal'>Show hkl positions</b> to give the allowed peaks; to confirm the
     4379indexing compare these to peak positions and any unfitted peaks in the pattern.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4380style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4381style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4382none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    40724383
    40734384<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:.75in;mso-add-space:
    4074 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo16'><span style='mso-bookmark:
    4075 Reflection_List'></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:
    4076 Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4077 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4078 style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4079 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4080 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
     4385auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo16'><span style='mso-bookmark:
     4386Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4387style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4388none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
     4389style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     4390href="#Index_Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span
     4391style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4392style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
    40814393style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Refine
    40824394cell</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
     
    40844396style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Zero offset. </b>The results will be placed
    40854397in the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Indexing Result</b> table with
    4086 &#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>use&#8217;</b> selected.</span></span></span></span><span
    4087 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4088 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
     4398&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>use&#8217;</b> selected.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4399style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4400style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4401none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    40894402
    40904403<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:.75in;mso-add-space:
    4091 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo16'><span style='mso-bookmark:
    4092 Reflection_List'></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:
    4093 Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4094 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4095 style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4096 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4097 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
     4404auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo16'><span style='mso-bookmark:
     4405Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4406style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4407none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
     4408style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a
     4409href="#Index_Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span
     4410style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4411style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Index_Peak_List\0022 "'><b
    40984412style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Make
    40994413new phase</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    4100 &#8211; this creates a new phase from the selected unit cell and chosen space
    4101 group. A dialog box will appear asking for a name for this phase. See the new
    4102 entry under Phases and the new lattice parameters will be in the <span
     4414&#8211; this creates a new phase from the selected unit cell and chosen space group.
     4415A dialog box will appear asking for a name for this phase. See the new entry
     4416under Phases and the new lattice parameters will be in the <span
    41034417style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK  \\l \0022General\0022 "'><u><span
    4104 style='color:blue'>General</span></u></span> window for that phase.</span></span></span></span><span
    4105 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4106 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
    4107 
    4108 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo16'><span
    4109 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
     4418style='color:blue'>General</span></u></span> window for that phase.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4419style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4420style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4421none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4422
     4423<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo16'><span
    41104424style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
    4111 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4112 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
    4113 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4114 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4115 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'><b
     4425class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4426color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4427style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4428</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#Index_Peak_List"><span
     4429style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4430none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'><b
    41164431style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select
    41174432another solution &#8211; </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>the
    41184433plot will show (red dashed lines) the<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> </b>generated
    41194434reflection positions for the choice; compare them to the peak positions (blue
    4120 lines) and any unfitted peaks for conformation.</span></span></span></span><span
    4121 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4122 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
    4123 
    4124 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo16'><span
    4125 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'></span><a href="#General"><span
     4435lines) and any unfitted peaks for conformation.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4436style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4437style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4438none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4439
     4440<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo16'><span
    41264441style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
    4127 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4128 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span
    4129 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4130 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4131 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'><b
     4442class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4443color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4444style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4445</span></span></span></span><![endif]></span><a href="#General"><span
     4446style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4447none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'><b
    41324448style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select
    41334449&#8216;keep&#8217; &#8211;</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    41344450this preserves this solution for a subsequent indexing run; otherwise all
    4135 solutions are erased before the indexing trial begins.</span></span></span></span><span
    4136 style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4137 color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></a></p>
     4451solutions are erased before the indexing trial begins.</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4452style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4453style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4454none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    41384455
    41394456<h4><span style='mso-bookmark:Reflection_List'></span><a href="#General"><span
     
    41414458accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:
    41424459" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4143 "Times New Roman"'>Reflection List</span></span></span></span><span
    4144 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:
    4145 accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></h4>
     4460"Times New Roman"'>Reflection List</span></span></span></span></a><span
     4461class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4462color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h4>
    41464463
    41474464<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     
    41494466none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>This
    41504467window shows the reflections for the selected phase found in this powder data
    4151 set. It is generated by a Rietveld or Pawley refinement. </span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4468set. It is generated by a Rietveld or Pawley refinement. </span></span></a><span
     4469class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     4470text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    41524471
    41534472<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#General"><span
    41544473style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    41554474style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>What can
    4156 I do here?</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h5>
    4157 
    4158 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo17'><span
    4159 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#General"><![if !supportLists]><span
    4160 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4475I do here?</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:#4F4FFF;
     4476text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     4477
     4478<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l21 level1 lfo17'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4479class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4480color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    41614481style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4162 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4482</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4483"Times New Roman"'><a href="#General"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    41634484none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>Menu<b
    4164 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> &#8216;Reflection List&#8217; </b>&#8211; </span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4485style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> &#8216;Reflection List&#8217; </b>&#8211; </span></span></a><span
     4486class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     4487text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    41654488
    41664489<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:.75in;mso-add-space:auto;
    4167 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level2 lfo17'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4168 "Times New Roman"'><a href="#General"><![if !supportLists]><span
    4169 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4490text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l21 level2 lfo17'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4491class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4492color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    41704493style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4171 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4494</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4495"Times New Roman"'><a href="#General"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    41724496none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>Select
    41734497phase &#8211; if there is more than one phase; you can select another phase;
    4174 the window title will show which phase is shown. </span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4498the window title will show which phase is shown. </span></span></a><span
     4499class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     4500text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    41754501
    41764502<h3><a href="#General"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     
    41784504Crystal Histograms &#8211; HKLF</span></span></a></h3>
    41794505
     4506<h4>Instrument Parameters</h4>
     4507
     4508<p class=MsoNormal>This window shows the histogram type (SXC or SNC) and the
     4509wavelength. You may change the wavelength but rarely will need to do so.</p>
     4510
     4511<h4>HKL Plot Controls</h4>
     4512
     4513<p class=MsoNormal>This controls the display of the single crystal reflections
     4514on the plot. If available a green ring is shown for F-observed, a blue ring for
     4515F-calculated and a central disk for <span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"'>&#916;</span>F
     4516(green for <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Fo</span></span><span
     4517class=GramE>&gt;</span>Fc and red for <span class=SpellE>Fo</span>&lt;Fc).</p>
     4518
     4519<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#General"><span
     4520style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4521style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>What can
     4522I do here?</span></span></a><o:p></o:p></span></h5>
     4523
     4524<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo31'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4525style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
     4526style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     4527style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Change
     4528the scale</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
     4529move the slider, the rings will change their radius accordingly.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4530
     4531<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo31'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4532style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
     4533style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     4534style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select
     4535the zone</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
     4536select between 100, 010 or 001; plot axes will be labeled accordingly.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4537
     4538<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo31'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4539style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
     4540style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     4541style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select
     4542plot type</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
     4543the choices are either F or F<sup>2</sup>, </span><span style='font-family:
     4544"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#916;</span><span
     4545style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>F<sup>2</sup>/</span><span
     4546class=GramE><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
     4547"Times New Roman"'>&#963;(</span></span><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
     4548mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>F<sup>2</sup>)</span><span
     4549style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>, </span><span
     4550style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#916;</span><span
     4551style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>F<sup>2</sup>&gt;</span><span
     4552style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#963;(F<sup>2</sup>)</span><span
     4553style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> or </span><span
     4554style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#916;</span><span
     4555style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>F<sup>2</sup>&gt;3</span><span
     4556style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#963;(F<sup>2</sup>)</span><span
     4557style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4558
     4559<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo31'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4560style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
     4561style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     4562style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select
     4563layer </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#8211;
     4564move the slider for upper layers for the selected zone.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4565
    41804566<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#General"><span
    41814567style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    41824568none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>Reflection
    4183 List</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h4>
     4569List</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:#4F81BD;
     4570mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h4>
    41844571
    41854572<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    41864573href="#General"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    41874574none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>This
    4188 window shows the reflections for the selected phase found in this data set
    4189 (single crystal or powder). For powder data, it is generated by a Rietveld or
    4190 Pawley refinement. </span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4575window shows the reflections for this single crystal data set. </span></span></a><span
     4576class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     4577text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    41914578
    41924579<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#General"><span
    41934580style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4194 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>Pair
    4195 Distribution Functions - PDF</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4196 "Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;color:windowtext;
    4197 text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h3>
     4581style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>Pair Distribution
     4582Functions - PDF</span></span></a></span><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4583style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h3>
    41984584
    41994585<h4><a name="PDF_Controls"></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    42004586href="#General"><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:
    42014587none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>PDF
    4202 Controls</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h4>
     4588Controls</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:#4F81BD;
     4589mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h4>
    42034590
    42044591<p class=MsoNormal><a href="#General"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     
    42084595<h4><a name="I_Q"></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    42094596href="#General"><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:
    4210 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'><span
    4211 class=GramE>I(</span>Q), <span style='mso-bookmark:S_Q'></span>S(Q), <span
    4212 style='mso-bookmark:F_Q'></span>F(Q) &amp; <span style='mso-bookmark:G_R'></span>G(R)</span><o:p></o:p></span></a><![if !supportNestedAnchors]><a
    4213 name="G_R"></a><a name="F_Q"></a><a name="S_Q"></a><![endif]></span></h4>
     4597none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>I(Q),
     4598<span style='mso-bookmark:S_Q'></span>S(Q), <span style='mso-bookmark:F_Q'></span>F(Q)
     4599&amp; <span style='mso-bookmark:G_R'></span>G(R)</span></span></a><![if !supportNestedAnchors]><a
     4600name="G_R"></a><a name="F_Q"></a><a name="S_Q"></a><![endif]><span
     4601class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;
     4602text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h4>
    42144603
    42154604<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    42164605href="#General"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    42174606none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>This
    4218 window... </span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4607window... </span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;
     4608text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    42194609
    42204610<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#General"><span
    42214611style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    42224612style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>2-D
    4223 Images &#8211; IMG</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h3>
     4613Images &#8211; IMG</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4614style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h3>
     4615
     4616<h4><u>Comments<o:p></o:p></u></h4>
     4617
     4618<p class=MsoNormal>This window shows whatever comment lines found in a &#8220;metadata&#8221;
     4619file when the image data file was read by GSAS-II. If you are lucky, there will
     4620be useful information here (e.g. sample name, date collected, wavelength used,
     4621etc.). If not, this window will be blank. The text is read-only.<o:p></o:p></p>
    42244622
    42254623<h4><a href="#General"><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;
     
    42314629href="#General"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    42324630none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'>This
    4233 window... </span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4631window... </span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;
     4632text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    42344633
    42354634<h4><a href="#General"><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;
    42364635text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022General\0022 "'><span
    4237 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022_Image_Masks\0022 "'>Image
    4238 Ma<span style='mso-bookmark:Image_Masks'></span>sks</span></span></span></a><![if !supportNestedAnchors]><a
     4636style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022_Image_Masks\0022 "'>Ma<span
     4637style='mso-bookmark:Image_Masks'></span>sks</span></span></span></a><![if !supportNestedAnchors]><a
    42394638name="Image_Masks"></a><![endif]></h4>
    42404639
     
    42424641href="#General"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    42434642none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022_Image_Masks\0022 "'>This
    4244 window... </span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4643window... </span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;
     4644text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    42454645
    42464646<h3><a href="#_Image_Masks"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     
    42544654style='color:blue'>data tree</span></u></span>, parameters are shown for that
    42554655selected phase in a tabbed window. Clicking on each tab raises the windows
    4256 listed below. Each tab is identified by the underlined phrase in the following:</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4656listed below. Each tab is identified by the underlined phrase in the following:</span></span></a><span
     4657class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     4658text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    42574659
    42584660<h4><a name=General></a><a href="#_Image_Masks"><span style='mso-bookmark:General'><span
    42594661style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    42604662none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Data_tree\0022 "'><u>General</u>
    4261 Phase Parameters</span></span></span></a></h4>
     4663Phase Parameters</span></span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:General'></span></h4>
    42624664
    42634665<span style='mso-bookmark:General'></span>
     
    42674669text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Data_tree\0022 "'>This
    42684670gives overall parameters describing the phase such as the name, space group,
    4269 the unit cell parameters and overall parameters for the atom present in the
    4270 phase. It also has the controls for computing Fourier maps for this phase.</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
     4671the unit cell parameters and overall parameters for the atom present in the phase.
     4672It also has the controls for computing Fourier maps for this phase.</span></span></a><span
     4673class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     4674text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
    42714675
    42724676<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Data_tree"><span
    42734677style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    42744678style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Data_tree\0022 "'>What
    4275 can I do here?</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h5>
    4276 
    4277 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo18'><span
    4278 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Data_tree"><![if !supportLists]><span
     4679can I do here?</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4680style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     4681
     4682<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4683class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4684color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4685style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4686</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4687"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Data_tree"><span style='color:windowtext;
     4688text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Data_tree\0022 "'>Menu
     4689&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Compute&#8217;</b> &#8211; The
     4690compute menu shows computations that are possible for this phase.</span></span></a><span
     4691class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     4692text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4693
     4694<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4695auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4696class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4697color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4698style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4699</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4700style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Data_tree"><span
    42794701style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4280 style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4281 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4282 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Data_tree\0022 "'>Menu
    4283 &#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Compute&#8217;</b> &#8211; The
    4284 compute menu shows computations that are possible for this phase.</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
    4285 
    4286 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4287 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4288 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4289 href="#Data_tree"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4290 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4291 style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4292 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4293 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Data_tree\0022 "'>Fourier
     4702style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Data_tree\0022 "'>Fourier
    42944703maps<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; compute Fourier maps according to
    4295 the controls set at bottom of General page.</span></span></span><span
    4296 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4297 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4298 
    4299 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4300 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4301 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4302 href="#Data_tree"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4303 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4704the controls set at bottom of General page.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     4705class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4706color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     4707
     4708<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4709auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4710class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4711color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    43044712style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4305 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4306 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Data_tree\0022 "'>Search
     4713</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4714style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Data_tree"><span
     4715style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4716style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Data_tree\0022 "'>Search
    43074717maps <span style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; search the computed Fourier map.
    43084718Peaks that are above &#8216;Peak cutoff&#8217; % of the maximum will be found
     
    43114721style='color:blue'>Map peaks</span></u></span></span>&#8217; page. This page
    43124722will immediately be shown and the peaks will be shown on the structure drawing
    4313 for this phase as white 3-D crosses.</span></span></span><span
    4314 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4315 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a><![if !supportNestedAnchors]><a name="Map_peaks"></a><![endif]></span></b></p>
    4316 
    4317 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4318 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4319 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4320 href="#Data_tree"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4321 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4723for this phase as white 3-D crosses.</span></span></span></a><![if !supportNestedAnchors]><a
     4724name="Map_peaks"></a><![endif]></span></b><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4725style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     4726none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     4727
     4728<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4729auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4730class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4731color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    43224732style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4323 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4324 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Charge
    4325 flipping <span style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; This performs a charge
    4326 flipping <span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>ab</i></span><i
    4327 style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'> initio</i> structure solution using the
    4328 method of <span class=SpellE>Oszlanyi</span> &amp; <span class=SpellE>Suto</span>
    4329 (<span class=SpellE>Acta</span> <span class=SpellE>Cryst</span>. A60, 134-141,
    4330 2004). You will need to select a source for the reflection set and perhaps
    4331 select an element for normalization by its form factor, a resolution limit
    4332 (usually 0.5A) and a charge flip threshold (usually 0.1); these are found at
    4333 the bottom of the </span>General<span style='font-weight:normal'> window. A
    4334 progress bar showing the charge flip residual is shown while the charge flip is
    4335 in operation. When the residual is no longer decreasing (be patient &#8211; it
    4336 doesn&#8217;t necessarily fall continuously), press the </span>Cancel<span
    4337 style='font-weight:normal'> button to stop the charge flipping. The resulting
    4338 map will be positioned to properly place symmetry operators (NB: depends on the
    4339 quality of the resulting phases), searched for peaks and the display shifts to </span>Map
    4340 peaks<span style='font-weight:normal'> to show them.</span></span></span><span
    4341 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4342 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4343 
    4344 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4345 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4346 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4347 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4348 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4733</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4734style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Data_tree"><span
     4735style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4736style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Charge flipping <span
     4737style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; This performs a charge flipping <i
     4738style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>ab initio</i> structure solution using the
     4739method of Oszlanyi &amp; Suto (Acta Cryst. A60, 134-141, 2004). You will need
     4740to select a source for the reflection set and perhaps select an element for
     4741normalization by its form factor, a resolution limit (usually 0.5A) and a charge
     4742flip threshold (usually 0.1); these are found at the bottom of the </span>General<span
     4743style='font-weight:normal'> window. A progress bar showing the charge flip
     4744residual is shown while the charge flip is in operation. When the residual is
     4745no longer decreasing (be patient &#8211; it doesn&#8217;t necessarily fall
     4746continuously), press the </span>Cancel<span style='font-weight:normal'> button
     4747to stop the charge flipping. The resulting map will be positioned to properly
     4748place symmetry operators (NB: depends on the quality of the resulting phases),
     4749searched for peaks and the display shifts to </span>Map peaks<span
     4750style='font-weight:normal'> to show them.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     4751class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4752color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     4753
     4754<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4755auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4756class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4757color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    43494758style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4350 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4351 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Clear
    4352 map <span style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; This clears any Fourier/charge
    4353 flip map from memory; the Fourier map controls are also cleared.</span></span></span><span
    4354 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4355 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4356 
    4357 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo18'><span
    4358 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span
     4759</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4760style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
    43594761style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4762style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Clear map <span
     4763style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; This clears any Fourier/charge flip map from
     4764memory; the Fourier map controls are also cleared.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     4765class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4766color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     4767
     4768<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4769class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4770color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    43604771style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4361 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4362 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>The
     4772</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4773"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:windowtext;
     4774text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>The
    43634775items in the upper part of the General page that can be changed are Phase name,
    43644776Phase type, Space group, unit cell parameters &amp; refine flag. These are
    4365 described in turn:</span></span><span style='color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
    4366 
    4367 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4368 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4369 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4370 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4371 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4777described in turn:</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4778style='color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4779
     4780<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4781auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4782class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4783color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    43724784style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4373 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4374 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Phase
    4375 name<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; this is the name assigned to this
    4376 phase. It should only be changed when the phase is initialized or imported.</span></span></span><span
    4377 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4378 
    4379 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4380 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4381 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4382 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4383 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4785</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4786style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
     4787style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4788style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Phase name<span
     4789style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; this is the name assigned to this phase. It
     4790should only be changed when the phase is initialized or imported.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     4791class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4792color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     4793
     4794<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4795auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4796class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4797color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    43844798style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4385 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4386 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Phase
    4387 type &#8211; <span style='font-weight:normal'>this can only be set when there
    4388 are no atoms in the Atoms page for this phase. Select it when the phase is
    4389 initialized.</span></span></span><span style='color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4390 normal'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4391 
    4392 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4393 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4394 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4395 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4396 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4799</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4800style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
     4801style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4802style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Phase type &#8211; <span
     4803style='font-weight:normal'>this can only be set when there are no atoms in the
     4804Atoms page for this phase. Select it when the phase is initialized.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     4805class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4806color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     4807
     4808<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4809auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4810class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4811color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    43974812style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4398 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4399 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Space
    4400 group<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; this should be set when the
    4401 phase is initialized; it can be changed later. Be careful about the impact on
    4402 Atom site symmetry and multiplicity if you do. GSAS-II will recognize any legal
    4403 space group symbol using the short Hermann-<span class=SpellE>Mauguin</span>
    4404 forms; put a space between the axial fields (e.g. &#8216;F d 3 m&#8217; not
    4405 &#8216;Fd3m&#8217;). For space groups with a choice of origin (e.g. F d 3 m),
    4406 GSAS-II always uses the 2<sup>nd</sup> setting where the center of inversion is
    4407 located at the origin. The choice of space group will set the available unit
    4408 cell parameters.</span></span></span><span style='color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4409 normal'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4410 
    4411 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4412 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4413 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4414 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4415 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4416 style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4417 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4418 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Refine
    4419 unit cell<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; set this flag to refine the
    4420 unit cell parameters in a Rietveld or Pawley refinement. The actual parameters
    4421 refined are the symmetry allowed terms (A<sub>0</sub>-A<sub>5</sub>) in the expression</span><i
    4422 style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
    4423 font-weight:normal'><br>
     4813</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4814style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
     4815style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4816style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Space group<span
     4817style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; this should be set when the phase is
     4818initialized; it can be changed later. Be careful about the impact on Atom site
     4819symmetry and multiplicity if you do. GSAS-II will recognize any legal space
     4820group symbol using the short Hermann-Mauguin forms; put a space between the
     4821axial fields (e.g. &#8216;F d 3 m&#8217; not &#8216;Fd3m&#8217;). For space
     4822groups with a choice of origin (e.g. F d 3 m), GSAS-II always uses the 2<sup>nd</sup>
     4823setting where the center of inversion is located at the origin. The choice of
     4824space group will set the available unit cell parameters.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     4825class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4826color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     4827
     4828<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4829auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4830style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
     4831style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     4832style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4833href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     4834text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Refine
     4835unit cell<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; set this flag to refine the unit
     4836cell parameters in a Rietveld or Pawley refinement. The actual parameters
     4837refined are the symmetry allowed terms (A<sub>0</sub>-A<sub>5</sub>) in the
     4838expression</span><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:
     4839"Cambria Math","serif";font-weight:normal'><br>
    44244840</span></i></span></span></a></span></b><!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMath><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
    44254841   style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
     
    45174933
    45184934<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4519 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4520 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4521 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4522 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4935auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4936class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4937color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    45234938style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4524 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4525 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'><span
    4526 class=GramE>a</span>, b, c, alpha, beta, gamma<span style='font-weight:normal'>
    4527 &#8211; lattice parameters; only those permitted by the space group are shown.
    4528 The <span class=GramE>volume<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>&nbsp; </span>is</span>
    4529 computed from the values entered.</span></span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4530 "Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;color:windowtext;
    4531 font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4532 
    4533 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo18'><span
    4534 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span
     4939</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4940style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
    45354941style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4942style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>a, b, c, alpha,
     4943beta, gamma<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; lattice parameters; only
     4944those permitted by the space group are shown. The volume<span
     4945style='mso-spacerun:yes'>&nbsp; </span>is computed from the values entered.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     4946class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     4947
     4948<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4949class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4950color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    45364951style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4537 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4538 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>If
     4952</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4953"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:windowtext;
     4954text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>If
    45394955there are entries in the Atoms page then the Elements table is shown next on
    45404956the General page; you may select the isotope (only relevant for neutron
    45414957diffraction experiments). The density (just above the Elements) is computed
    45424958depending on this choice, the unit cell volume and the atom fractions/site
    4543 multiplicities in the entries on the Atoms page.</span></span><span
    4544 style='color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
    4545 
    4546 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo18'><span
    4547 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span
     4959multiplicities in the entries on the Atoms page.</span></span></a><span
     4960class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4961
     4962<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4963class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4964color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4965style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4966</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4967"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:windowtext;
     4968text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Next
     4969are the Pawley controls.</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     4970style='color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     4971
     4972<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4973auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4974class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4975color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4976style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4977</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4978style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
    45484979style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4549 style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4550 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4551 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Next
    4552 are the Pawley controls.</span></span><span style='color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
    4553 
    4554 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4555 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4556 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4557 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4558 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4559 style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4560 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4561 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Do
    4562 Pawley refinement?<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This must be chosen
    4563 to perform a Pawley refinement as opposed to a Rietveld refinement for this
    4564 phase. </span>NB:<span style='font-weight:normal'> you probably should clear
    4565 the </span>Histogram scale factor<span style='font-weight:normal'> refinement
    4566 flag (found in </span>Sample parameters<span style='font-weight:normal'> for
    4567 the powder data set) as it cannot be refined simultaneously with the Pawley
    4568 reflection intensities.</span></span></span><span style='color:windowtext;
    4569 font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4570 
    4571 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4572 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4573 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4574 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4575 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4980style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Do Pawley
     4981refinement?<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This must be chosen to
     4982perform a Pawley refinement as opposed to a Rietveld refinement for this phase.
     4983</span>NB:<span style='font-weight:normal'> you probably should clear the </span>Histogram
     4984scale factor<span style='font-weight:normal'> refinement flag (found in </span>Sample
     4985parameters<span style='font-weight:normal'> for the powder data set) as it
     4986cannot be refined simultaneously with the Pawley reflection intensities.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     4987class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4988color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     4989
     4990<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     4991auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4992class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     4993color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    45764994style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4577 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4578 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Pawley
    4579 <span class=SpellE>dmin</span><span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This is
    4580 the minimum d-spacing to be used in a Pawley refinement. </span>NB:<span
    4581 style='font-weight:normal'> be sure to set this to match the minimum d-spacing
    4582 indicated by the powder pattern limits (see </span>Limits<span
    4583 style='font-weight:normal'> for the powder data set).</span></span></span><span
    4584 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4585 
    4586 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4587 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4588 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4589 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4590 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4995</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     4996style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
     4997style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     4998style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Pawley dmin<span
     4999style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This is the minimum d-spacing to be used in
     5000a Pawley refinement. </span>NB:<span style='font-weight:normal'> be sure to set
     5001this to match the minimum d-spacing indicated by the powder pattern limits (see
     5002</span>Limits<span style='font-weight:normal'> for the powder data set).</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     5003class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5004color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5005
     5006<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5007auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5008class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5009color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    45915010style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4592 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4593 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Pawley
    4594 neg. wt.<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This is the weight for a
    4595 penalty function applied during a Pawley refinement on resulting negative
    4596 intensities. Use with caution; initially try very small values (e.g. 10<sup>-8</sup>).
    4597 A value of zero means no penalty is applied.</span></span></span><span
    4598 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4599 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4600 
    4601 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo18'><span
    4602 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span
     5011</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     5012style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
    46035013style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5014style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Pawley neg. wt.<span
     5015style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This is the weight for a penalty function
     5016applied during a Pawley refinement on resulting negative intensities. Use with
     5017caution; initially try very small values (e.g. .01). A value of zero means no
     5018penalty is applied.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     5019class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5020color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5021
     5022<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5023class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5024color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    46045025style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4605 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4606 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Fourier
     5026</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     5027"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:windowtext;
     5028text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Fourier
    46075029map controls are shown next on the General page. A completed Rietveld or Pawley
    46085030refinement is required before a Fourier map can be computed. Select the desired
    46095031type of map, the source of the reflection set and the map resolution desired.
    46105032The peak cutoff is defined as a percentage of the maximum and defines the
    4611 lowest level considered in the peak search.</span></span><span
    4612 style='color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
    4613 
    4614 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo18'><span
    4615 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span
     5033lowest level considered in the peak search.</span></span></a><span
     5034class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     5035
     5036<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5037class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5038color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5039style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5040</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     5041"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:windowtext;
     5042text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Charge
     5043flip controls are below the Fourier map controls.</span></span></a><span
     5044class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     5045text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     5046
     5047<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5048auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5049class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5050color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5051style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5052</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     5053style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
    46165054style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4617 style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4618 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4619 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Charge
    4620 flip controls are below the Fourier map controls.</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></p>
    4621 
    4622 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4623 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4624 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4625 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4626 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4627 style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4628 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4629 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Reflection
     5055style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Reflection set from<span
     5056style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This is the source of structure factors to
     5057be used in a charge flip calculation. These may be either a single crystal data
     5058set, or structure factors extracted from a powder pattern via a Pawley
     5059refinement or a Rietveld refinement.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     5060class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5061color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5062
     5063<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5064auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5065class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5066color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5067style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5068</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     5069style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
     5070style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5071style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Normalizing element
     5072<span style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; This is an element form factor chosen
     5073to normalize the structure factors before charge flipping. </span>None<span
     5074style='font-weight:normal'> (the default) can be selected from the lower right
     5075of the Periodic Table display shown when this is selected.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     5076class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5077color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5078
     5079<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5080auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5081class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5082color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5083style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5084</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     5085style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="gsasII.html"><span
     5086style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5087style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Resolution <span
     5088style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; This is the resolution of the charge flip
     5089map; default is 0.5A. The set of reflections is expanded to a full sphere and
     5090zero filled to this resolution limit; this suite of reflections is then used
     5091for charge flipping.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     5092class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5093color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5094
     5095<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5096auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5097style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
     5098style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     5099style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     5100href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     5101text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>k-Factor<span
     5102style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This is the threshold on the density map,
     5103all densities below this are charge flipped.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     5104style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     5105
     5106<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5107auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5108style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
     5109style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     5110class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     5111"Times New Roman"'>k-Max</span></b></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     5112"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; This is an upper threshold on the density may; all
     5113densities above this are charge flipped. In this way the &#8220;uranium
     5114solution&#8221; problem is avoided. Use k-Max = 10-12 for equal atom problems
     5115and larger for heavy atom ones.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     5116
     5117<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5118style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>7.<span
     5119style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     5120style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Monte Carlo/Simulated
     5121Annealing controls are at the bottom of the window. (Future capability &amp;
     5122under development).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     5123
     5124<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5125auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5126style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
     5127style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     5128style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     5129href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     5130text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:"HYPERLINK \0022D\:\\\\GSASII\\\\help\\\\gsasII\.html\0022"'>Reflection
    46305131set from<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This is the source of
    46315132structure factors to be used in a charge flip calculation. These may be either
    46325133a single crystal data set, or structure factors extracted from a powder pattern
    4633 via a Pawley refinement or a Rietveld refinement.</span></span></span><span
    4634 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4635 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4636 
    4637 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4638 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4639 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4640 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4641 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5134via a Pawley refinement or a Rietveld refinement.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     5135style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     5136
     5137<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5138auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5139class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5140color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    46425141style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4643 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4644 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Normalizing
    4645 element <span style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; This is an element form factor
    4646 chosen to normalize the structure factors before charge flipping. </span>None<span
    4647 style='font-weight:normal'> (the default) can be selected from the lower right
    4648 of the Periodic Table display shown when this is selected.</span></span></span><span
    4649 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4650 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4651 
    4652 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4653 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4654 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4655 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4656 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5142</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
     5143normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>d-min</span></b></span><b
     5144style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     5145</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>- This
     5146restricts the set of reflections to be used in the MC/SA run.<span
     5147class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
     5148text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     5149
     5150<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5151auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5152class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5153color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    46575154style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4658 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4659 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Resolution
    4660 <span style='font-weight:normal'>&#8211; This is the resolution of the charge
    4661 flip map; default is 0.5A. The set of reflections is expanded to a full sphere
    4662 and zero filled to this resolution limit; this suite of reflections is then
    4663 used for charge flipping.</span></span></span><span style='color:windowtext;
    4664 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
     5155</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span class=MsoHyperlink><b
     5156style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5157color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>MC/SA algorithm</span></b></span><span
     5158class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5159color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> &#8211; This
     5160selects the type of jump to be used for each MC/SA trial.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5161
     5162<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5163auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5164class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5165color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5166style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5167</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span class=MsoHyperlink><b
     5168style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5169color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Annealing schedule</span></b></span><span
     5170class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5171color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> &#8211; This selects
     5172the beginning MC/SA &#8220;temperature&#8221;, final &#8220;temperature&#8221;,
     5173slope and number of trials at each step.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
    46655174
    46665175<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    4667 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo18'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4668 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4669 href="gsasII.html"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4670 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4671 style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4672 </span></span></span><![endif]><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    4673 none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'><span
    4674 class=GramE>k-Factor</span><span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; This is
    4675 the threshold on the density map, all densities below this are charge flipped.</span></span></span><span
    4676 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4677 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
     5176text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5177class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5178color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5179style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5180</span></span></span></span><![endif]><span class=MsoHyperlink><b
     5181style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5182color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>A-jump &amp; B-jump</span></b></span><span
     5183class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5184color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'> &#8211; If the &#8220;<span
     5185class=SpellE>Tremayne</span>&#8221; algorithm is chosen these determine the jump
     5186components for each trial.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
    46785187
    46795188<h4><a name=Data></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    46805189href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1'><span
    46815190style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'>Data <span
    4682 style='text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>sets</span></span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></u></h4>
     5191style='text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>sets</span></span></span></a><span
     5192class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></u></h4>
    46835193
    46845194<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     
    46875197can I do here?<i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:
    46885198"Cambria Math","serif"'><br>
    4689 </span></i></span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4690 mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;
    4691 text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h5>
     5199</span></i></span></span></a></span><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     5200style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
     5201none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
    46925202
    46935203<h4><a name=Atoms></a><u><a href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:#4F81BD;
    46945204mso-themecolor:accent1'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022gsasII\.html\0022 "'><span
    46955205style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'><span
    4696 style='color:blue'>Atoms</span></span></span></span><span style='font-size:
    4697 12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    4698 color:#4F4FFF;font-style:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></u></h4>
     5206style='color:blue'>Atoms</span></span></span></span></a></u><span
     5207class=MsoHyperlink><span style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
     5208mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:#4F4FFF;font-style:normal;
     5209text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h4>
    46995210
    47005211<p class=MsoNormal><a href="gsasII.html"><span style='color:windowtext;
     
    47085219target="_self"><span style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    47095220none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>What
    4710 can I do here?</span><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></h5>
    4711 
    4712 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo19'><b
    4713 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><a href="#Atoms" target="_self"><![if !supportLists]><span
    4714 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4715 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    4716 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4717 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4718 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Atom<span
     5221can I do here?</span></span></a><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     5222style='color:#4F4FFF;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
     5223
     5224<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5225class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5226color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5227style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5228</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><a
     5229href="#Atoms" target="_self"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     5230none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Atom<span
    47195231style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> selection from table</span><span
    47205232style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";font-weight:normal'> - These
    4721 are controlled by the mouse and the Shift/Ctrl/Alt keys:</span></span></span><span
    4722 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4723 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></b></p>
    4724 
    4725 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4726 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level2 lfo19'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4727 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Atoms"
    4728 target="_self"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4729 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    4730 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4731 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4732 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Left
     5233are controlled by the mouse and the Shift/Ctrl/Alt keys:</span></span></span></a></b><span
     5234class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5235color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5236
     5237<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5238auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5239class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5240color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5241style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5242</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     5243style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Atoms"
     5244target="_self"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
     5245none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Left
    47335246Mouse Button (LMB)<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; on a row number
    4734 selects the atom.</span></span></span><span style='color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4735 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4736 
    4737 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4738 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level2 lfo19'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4739 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Atoms"
    4740 target="_self"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4741 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    4742 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4743 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4744 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Shift
     5247selects the atom.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     5248style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     5249none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5250
     5251<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5252auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5253class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5254color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5255style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5256</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     5257style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Atoms"
     5258target="_self"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
     5259none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Shift
    47455260LMB<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; on a row number selects all atoms
    4746 from last selection to the selected row (or top is none previously selected).</span></span></span><span
    4747 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4748 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4749 
    4750 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4751 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level2 lfo19'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4752 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Atoms"
    4753 target="_self"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4754 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    4755 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4756 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4757 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Ctrl
     5261from last selection to the selected row (or top is none previously selected).</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     5262class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5263color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5264
     5265<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5266auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5267class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5268color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5269style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5270</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     5271style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Atoms"
     5272target="_self"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
     5273none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Ctrl
    47585274LMB<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; on a row number selects/deselects
    4759 the atom.</span></span></span><span style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;
    4760 text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4761 
    4762 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4763 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level2 lfo19'><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4764 normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Atoms"
    4765 target="_self"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4766 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    4767 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4768 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4769 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Alt
     5275the atom.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     5276style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     5277none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5278
     5279<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
     5280auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5281class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5282color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5283style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5284</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
     5285style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Atoms"
     5286target="_self"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
     5287none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Alt
    47705288LMB<span style='font-weight:normal'> &#8211; on a row number selects that atom
    47715289for moving; the status line at bottom of window will show name of atom
     
    47735291target row for this atom; insertion will be before this row and the table will
    47745292be updated to show the change. NB: the </span>Draw Atoms<span style='font-weight:
    4775 normal'> list is not updated by this change.</span></span></span><span
    4776 style='color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:
    4777 none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></span></b></p>
    4778 
    4779 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo19'><b
    4780 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><a href="#Atoms" target="_self"><![if !supportLists]><span
    4781 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4782 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    4783 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4784 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4785 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Double
     5293normal'> list is not updated by this change.</span></span></span></a></span></b><span
     5294class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5295color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5296
     5297<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5298class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5299color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5300style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5301</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><a
     5302href="#Atoms" target="_self"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     5303none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Double
    47865304left click a Type column heading<span style='font-weight:normal'>: a dialog box
    4787 is shown that allows you to select all atoms with that type. </span></span></span><span
    4788 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4789 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></b></p>
    4790 
    4791 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo19'><b
    4792 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><a href="#Atoms" target="_self"><![if !supportLists]><span
    4793 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    4794 normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    4795 style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    4796 style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
    4797 style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Double
     5305is shown that allows you to select all atoms with that type. </span></span></span></a></b><span
     5306class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5307color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     5308
     5309<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
     5310class=MsoHyperlink><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
     5311color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span
     5312style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     5313</span></span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><a
     5314href="#Atoms" target="_self"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
     5315none;text-underline:none'><span style='mso-field-code:" HYPERLINK \0022\0022 \\l \0022Atoms\0022 \\t \0022_self\0022 "'>Double
    47985316click a refine or I/A column heading<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
    47995317font-weight:normal'>: a dialog box will be shown with choices to be applied to
    4800 every atom in the list.</span></span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4801 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;
    4802 text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></a></b></p>
    4803 
    4804 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo19'><b
    4805 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
    4806 href="#Atoms" target="_self"><![if !supportLists]><span style='color:windowtext;
    4807 font-weight:normal;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><span