Ignore:
Timestamp:
Jun 19, 2021 7:01:38 PM (4 months ago)
Author:
vondreele
Message:
 
File:
1 edited

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  • trunk/help/gsasII.html

    r4896 r4963  
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     1555        text-indent:-.25in;
     1556        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1557        font-family:Wingdings;}
    15041558@list l4
    1505         {mso-list-id:236129960;
    1506         mso-list-template-ids:-773546852;}
     1559        {mso-list-id:223490398;
     1560        mso-list-template-ids:456303472;}
    15071561@list l4:level1
    15081562        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     
    16691723        text-indent:-.25in;}
    16701724@list l7
    1671         {mso-list-id:301277244;
    1672         mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
     1725        {mso-list-id:273561754;
     1726        mso-list-template-ids:1775139198;}
    16731727@list l7:level1
    1674         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    1675         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1676         text-indent:-.25in;}
     1728        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1729        mso-level-text:;
     1730        mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
     1731        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1732        text-indent:-.25in;
     1733        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1734        font-family:Symbol;}
    16771735@list l7:level2
    1678         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     1736        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1737        mso-level-text:o;
    16791738        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    16801739        mso-level-number-position:left;
    1681         text-indent:-.25in;}
     1740        text-indent:-.25in;
     1741        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1742        font-family:"Courier New";
     1743        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
    16821744@list l7:level3
     1745        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1746        mso-level-text:;
     1747        mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     1748        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1749        text-indent:-.25in;
     1750        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1751        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1752@list l7:level4
     1753        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1754        mso-level-text:;
     1755        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     1756        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1757        text-indent:-.25in;
     1758        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1759        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1760@list l7:level5
     1761        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1762        mso-level-text:;
     1763        mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     1764        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1765        text-indent:-.25in;
     1766        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1767        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1768@list l7:level6
     1769        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1770        mso-level-text:;
     1771        mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     1772        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1773        text-indent:-.25in;
     1774        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1775        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1776@list l7:level7
     1777        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1778        mso-level-text:;
     1779        mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     1780        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1781        text-indent:-.25in;
     1782        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1783        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1784@list l7:level8
     1785        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1786        mso-level-text:;
     1787        mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     1788        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1789        text-indent:-.25in;
     1790        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1791        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1792@list l7:level9
     1793        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1794        mso-level-text:;
     1795        mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     1796        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1797        text-indent:-.25in;
     1798        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1799        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1800@list l8
     1801        {mso-list-id:395513838;
     1802        mso-list-template-ids:-1930940720;}
     1803@list l8:level1
     1804        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1805        mso-level-text:;
     1806        mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
     1807        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1808        text-indent:-.25in;
     1809        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1810        font-family:Symbol;}
     1811@list l8:level2
     1812        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1813        mso-level-text:o;
     1814        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     1815        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1816        text-indent:-.25in;
     1817        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1818        font-family:"Courier New";
     1819        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
     1820@list l8:level3
     1821        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1822        mso-level-text:;
     1823        mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     1824        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1825        text-indent:-.25in;
     1826        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1827        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1828@list l8:level4
     1829        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1830        mso-level-text:;
     1831        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     1832        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1833        text-indent:-.25in;
     1834        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1835        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1836@list l8:level5
     1837        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1838        mso-level-text:;
     1839        mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     1840        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1841        text-indent:-.25in;
     1842        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1843        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1844@list l8:level6
     1845        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1846        mso-level-text:;
     1847        mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     1848        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1849        text-indent:-.25in;
     1850        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1851        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1852@list l8:level7
     1853        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1854        mso-level-text:;
     1855        mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     1856        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1857        text-indent:-.25in;
     1858        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1859        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1860@list l8:level8
     1861        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1862        mso-level-text:;
     1863        mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     1864        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1865        text-indent:-.25in;
     1866        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1867        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1868@list l8:level9
     1869        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     1870        mso-level-text:;
     1871        mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     1872        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1873        text-indent:-.25in;
     1874        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     1875        font-family:Wingdings;}
     1876@list l9
     1877        {mso-list-id:586499601;
     1878        mso-list-template-ids:-1875747298;}
     1879@list l9:level1
     1880        {mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
     1881        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1882        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1883@list l9:level2
     1884        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     1885        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1886        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1887@list l9:level3
    16831888        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    16841889        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16851890        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1686 @list l7:level4
    1687         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    1688         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    1689         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1690         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1691 @list l7:level5
     1891@list l9:level4
     1892        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     1893        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1894        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1895@list l9:level5
    16921896        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    16931897        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16941898        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1695 @list l7:level6
     1899@list l9:level6
    16961900        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    16971901        mso-level-number-position:left;
    16981902        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1699 @list l7:level7
     1903@list l9:level7
    17001904        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    17011905        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17021906        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1703 @list l7:level8
     1907@list l9:level8
    17041908        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    17051909        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17061910        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1707 @list l7:level9
     1911@list l9:level9
    17081912        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    17091913        mso-level-number-position:left;
    17101914        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1711 @list l8
    1712         {mso-list-id:424421782;
    1713         mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
    1714 @list l8:level1
    1715         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    1716         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1717         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1718 @list l8:level2
    1719         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    1720         mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    1721         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1722         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1723 @list l8:level3
    1724         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    1725         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1726         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1727 @list l8:level4
    1728         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    1729         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    1730         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1731         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1732 @list l8:level5
    1733         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    1734         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1735         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1736 @list l8:level6
    1737         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    1738         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1739         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1740 @list l8:level7
    1741         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    1742         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1743         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1744 @list l8:level8
    1745         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    1746         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1747         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1748 @list l8:level9
    1749         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    1750         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1751         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1752 @list l9
     1915@list l10
    17531916        {mso-list-id:617220658;
    17541917        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    17551918        mso-list-template-ids:1177170962 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1756 @list l9:level1
    1757         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    1758         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1759         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1760 @list l9:level2
    1761         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    1762         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1763         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1764 @list l9:level3
    1765         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    1766         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1767         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1768 @list l9:level4
    1769         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    1770         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1771         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1772 @list l9:level5
    1773         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    1774         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1775         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1776 @list l9:level6
    1777         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    1778         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1779         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1780 @list l9:level7
    1781         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    1782         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1783         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1784 @list l9:level8
    1785         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    1786         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1787         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1788 @list l9:level9
    1789         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    1790         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1791         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1792 @list l10
    1793         {mso-list-id:649361966;
    1794         mso-list-template-ids:326264828;}
    17951919@list l10:level1
    17961920        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    17981922        text-indent:-.25in;}
    17991923@list l10:level2
     1924        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     1925        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1926        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1927@list l10:level3
     1928        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     1929        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1930        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1931@list l10:level4
     1932        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     1933        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1934        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1935@list l10:level5
     1936        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     1937        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1938        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1939@list l10:level6
     1940        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     1941        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1942        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1943@list l10:level7
     1944        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     1945        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1946        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1947@list l10:level8
     1948        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     1949        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1950        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1951@list l10:level9
     1952        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     1953        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1954        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1955@list l11
     1956        {mso-list-id:734669460;
     1957        mso-list-type:hybrid;
     1958        mso-list-template-ids:1988758972 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     1959@list l11:level1
     1960        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     1961        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1962        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1963@list l11:level2
     1964        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     1965        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1966        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1967@list l11:level3
     1968        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     1969        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1970        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1971@list l11:level4
     1972        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     1973        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1974        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1975@list l11:level5
     1976        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     1977        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1978        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1979@list l11:level6
     1980        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     1981        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1982        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1983@list l11:level7
     1984        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     1985        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1986        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1987@list l11:level8
     1988        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     1989        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1990        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1991@list l11:level9
     1992        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     1993        mso-level-number-position:left;
     1994        text-indent:-.25in;}
     1995@list l12
     1996        {mso-list-id:850026630;
     1997        mso-list-type:hybrid;
     1998        mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     1999@list l12:level1
     2000        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2001        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2002        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2003@list l12:level2
     2004        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     2005        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2006        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2007        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2008@list l12:level3
     2009        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2010        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2011        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2012@list l12:level4
     2013        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2014        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2015        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2016@list l12:level5
     2017        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2018        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2019        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2020@list l12:level6
     2021        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2022        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2023        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2024@list l12:level7
     2025        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2026        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2027        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2028@list l12:level8
     2029        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2030        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2031        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2032@list l12:level9
     2033        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2034        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2035        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2036@list l13
     2037        {mso-list-id:919948450;
     2038        mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
     2039@list l13:level1
     2040        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2041        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2042        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2043@list l13:level2
     2044        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     2045        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     2046        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2047        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2048@list l13:level3
     2049        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2050        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2051        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2052@list l13:level4
     2053        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     2054        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2055        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2056        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2057@list l13:level5
     2058        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2059        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2060        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2061@list l13:level6
     2062        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2063        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2064        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2065@list l13:level7
     2066        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2067        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2068        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2069@list l13:level8
     2070        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2071        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2072        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2073@list l13:level9
     2074        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2075        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2076        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2077@list l14
     2078        {mso-list-id:1074664733;
     2079        mso-list-type:hybrid;
     2080        mso-list-template-ids:2033622918 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     2081@list l14:level1
     2082        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     2083        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2084        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2085        margin-left:1.0in;
     2086        text-indent:-.25in;
     2087        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
     2088@list l14:level2
     2089        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     2090        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2091        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2092        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2093@list l14:level3
     2094        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2095        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2096        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2097@list l14:level4
     2098        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2099        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2100        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2101@list l14:level5
     2102        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2103        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2104        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2105@list l14:level6
     2106        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2107        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2108        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2109@list l14:level7
     2110        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2111        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2112        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2113@list l14:level8
     2114        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2115        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2116        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2117@list l14:level9
     2118        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2119        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2120        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2121@list l15
     2122        {mso-list-id:1114401595;
     2123        mso-list-template-ids:748465434;}
     2124@list l15:level1
     2125        {mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
     2126        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2127        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2128@list l15:level2
     2129        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-upper;
     2130        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     2131        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2132        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2133@list l15:level3
     2134        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
     2135        mso-level-text:;
     2136        mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2137        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2138        text-indent:-.25in;
     2139        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
     2140        font-family:Wingdings;}
     2141@list l15:level4
     2142        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2143        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2144        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2145@list l15:level5
     2146        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2147        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2148        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2149@list l15:level6
     2150        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2151        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2152        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2153@list l15:level7
     2154        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2155        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2156        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2157@list l15:level8
     2158        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2159        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2160        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2161@list l15:level9
     2162        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2163        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2164        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2165@list l16
     2166        {mso-list-id:1323200535;
     2167        mso-list-type:hybrid;
     2168        mso-list-template-ids:-720724778 859726762 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     2169@list l16:level1
     2170        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     2171        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2172        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2173        margin-left:1.0in;
     2174        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2175@list l16:level2
     2176        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     2177        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2178        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2179@list l16:level3
     2180        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2181        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2182        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2183@list l16:level4
     2184        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2185        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2186        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2187@list l16:level5
     2188        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2189        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2190        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2191@list l16:level6
     2192        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2193        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2194        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2195@list l16:level7
     2196        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2197        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2198        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2199@list l16:level8
     2200        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2201        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2202        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2203@list l16:level9
     2204        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2205        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2206        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2207@list l17
     2208        {mso-list-id:1394309879;
     2209        mso-list-template-ids:326264828;}
     2210@list l17:level1
     2211        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2212        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2213        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2214@list l17:level2
    18002215        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    18012216        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     
    18062221        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;
    18072222        mso-ansi-font-style:normal;}
    1808 @list l10:level3
     2223@list l17:level3
    18092224        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    18102225        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18112226        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1812 @list l10:level4
     2227@list l17:level4
    18132228        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    18142229        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    18152230        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18162231        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1817 @list l10:level5
     2232@list l17:level5
    18182233        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    18192234        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18202235        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1821 @list l10:level6
     2236@list l17:level6
    18222237        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    18232238        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18242239        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1825 @list l10:level7
     2240@list l17:level7
    18262241        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    18272242        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18282243        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1829 @list l10:level8
     2244@list l17:level8
    18302245        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    18312246        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18322247        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1833 @list l10:level9
     2248@list l17:level9
    18342249        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    18352250        mso-level-number-position:left;
    18362251        text-indent:-.25in;}
    1837 @list l11
    1838         {mso-list-id:656106218;
     2252@list l18
     2253        {mso-list-id:1413820461;
    18392254        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    1840         mso-list-template-ids:185874704 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1841 @list l11:level1
    1842         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    1843         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1844         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1845 @list l11:level2
    1846         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    1847         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1848         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1849 @list l11:level3
    1850         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    1851         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1852         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1853 @list l11:level4
    1854         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    1855         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1856         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1857 @list l11:level5
    1858         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    1859         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1860         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1861 @list l11:level6
    1862         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    1863         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1864         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1865 @list l11:level7
    1866         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    1867         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1868         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1869 @list l11:level8
    1870         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    1871         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1872         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1873 @list l11:level9
    1874         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    1875         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1876         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1877 @list l12
    1878         {mso-list-id:734669460;
    1879         mso-list-type:hybrid;
    1880         mso-list-template-ids:1988758972 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1881 @list l12:level1
    1882         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    1883         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1884         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1885 @list l12:level2
    1886         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    1887         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1888         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1889 @list l12:level3
    1890         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    1891         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1892         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1893 @list l12:level4
    1894         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    1895         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1896         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1897 @list l12:level5
    1898         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    1899         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1900         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1901 @list l12:level6
    1902         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    1903         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1904         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1905 @list l12:level7
    1906         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    1907         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1908         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1909 @list l12:level8
    1910         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    1911         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1912         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1913 @list l12:level9
    1914         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    1915         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1916         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1917 @list l13
    1918         {mso-list-id:742676264;
    1919         mso-list-template-ids:713467934;}
    1920 @list l13:level1
    1921         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    1922         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1923         margin-left:45.0pt;
    1924         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1925 @list l13:level2
    1926         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    1927         mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    1928         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1929         text-indent:-.25in;
    1930         mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
    1931         font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
    1932         mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;
    1933         mso-ansi-font-style:normal;}
    1934 @list l13:level3
    1935         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    1936         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1937         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1938 @list l13:level4
    1939         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    1940         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    1941         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1942         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1943 @list l13:level5
    1944         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    1945         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1946         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1947 @list l13:level6
    1948         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    1949         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1950         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1951 @list l13:level7
    1952         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    1953         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1954         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1955 @list l13:level8
    1956         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    1957         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1958         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1959 @list l13:level9
    1960         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    1961         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1962         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1963 @list l14
    1964         {mso-list-id:850026630;
    1965         mso-list-type:hybrid;
    1966         mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    1967 @list l14:level1
    1968         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    1969         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1970         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1971 @list l14:level2
    1972         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    1973         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    1974         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1975         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1976 @list l14:level3
    1977         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    1978         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1979         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1980 @list l14:level4
    1981         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    1982         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1983         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1984 @list l14:level5
    1985         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    1986         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1987         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1988 @list l14:level6
    1989         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    1990         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1991         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1992 @list l14:level7
    1993         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    1994         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1995         text-indent:-.25in;}
    1996 @list l14:level8
    1997         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    1998         mso-level-number-position:left;
    1999         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2000 @list l14:level9
    2001         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2002         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2003         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2004 @list l15
    2005         {mso-list-id:884020553;
    2006         mso-list-template-ids:1740294536;}
    2007 @list l15:level1
    2008         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2009         mso-level-text:;
    2010         mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
    2011         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2012         text-indent:-.25in;
    2013         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2014         font-family:Symbol;}
    2015 @list l15:level2
    2016         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2017         mso-level-text:o;
    2018         mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    2019         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2020         text-indent:-.25in;
    2021         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2022         font-family:"Courier New";
    2023         mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
    2024 @list l15:level3
    2025         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2026         mso-level-text:;
    2027         mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2028         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2029         text-indent:-.25in;
    2030         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2031         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2032 @list l15:level4
    2033         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2034         mso-level-text:;
    2035         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2036         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2037         text-indent:-.25in;
    2038         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2039         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2040 @list l15:level5
    2041         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2042         mso-level-text:;
    2043         mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2044         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2045         text-indent:-.25in;
    2046         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2047         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2048 @list l15:level6
    2049         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2050         mso-level-text:;
    2051         mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2052         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2053         text-indent:-.25in;
    2054         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2055         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2056 @list l15:level7
    2057         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2058         mso-level-text:;
    2059         mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2060         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2061         text-indent:-.25in;
    2062         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2063         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2064 @list l15:level8
    2065         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2066         mso-level-text:;
    2067         mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2068         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2069         text-indent:-.25in;
    2070         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2071         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2072 @list l15:level9
    2073         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2074         mso-level-text:;
    2075         mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2076         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2077         text-indent:-.25in;
    2078         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2079         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2080 @list l16
    2081         {mso-list-id:919948450;
    2082         mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
    2083 @list l16:level1
    2084         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2085         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2086         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2087 @list l16:level2
    2088         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2089         mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    2090         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2091         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2092 @list l16:level3
    2093         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2094         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2095         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2096 @list l16:level4
    2097         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2098         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2099         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2100         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2101 @list l16:level5
    2102         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2103         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2104         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2105 @list l16:level6
    2106         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2107         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2108         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2109 @list l16:level7
    2110         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2111         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2112         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2113 @list l16:level8
    2114         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2115         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2116         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2117 @list l16:level9
    2118         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2119         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2120         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2121 @list l17
    2122         {mso-list-id:1030640961;
    2123         mso-list-template-ids:-913388448;}
    2124 @list l17:level1
    2125         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2126         mso-level-text:;
    2127         mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
    2128         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2129         text-indent:-.25in;
    2130         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2131         font-family:Symbol;}
    2132 @list l17:level2
    2133         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2134         mso-level-text:o;
    2135         mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    2136         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2137         text-indent:-.25in;
    2138         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2139         font-family:"Courier New";
    2140         mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
    2141 @list l17:level3
    2142         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2143         mso-level-text:;
    2144         mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2145         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2146         text-indent:-.25in;
    2147         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2148         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2149 @list l17:level4
    2150         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2151         mso-level-text:;
    2152         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2153         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2154         text-indent:-.25in;
    2155         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2156         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2157 @list l17:level5
    2158         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2159         mso-level-text:;
    2160         mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2161         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2162         text-indent:-.25in;
    2163         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2164         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2165 @list l17:level6
    2166         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2167         mso-level-text:;
    2168         mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2169         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2170         text-indent:-.25in;
    2171         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2172         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2173 @list l17:level7
    2174         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2175         mso-level-text:;
    2176         mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2177         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2178         text-indent:-.25in;
    2179         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2180         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2181 @list l17:level8
    2182         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2183         mso-level-text:;
    2184         mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2185         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2186         text-indent:-.25in;
    2187         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2188         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2189 @list l17:level9
    2190         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2191         mso-level-text:;
    2192         mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2193         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2194         text-indent:-.25in;
    2195         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2196         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2197 @list l18
    2198         {mso-list-id:1035230400;
    2199         mso-list-type:hybrid;
    2200         mso-list-template-ids:-2012591744 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     2255        mso-list-template-ids:2031237610 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    22012256@list l18:level1
    22022257        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    22032258        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2259        margin-left:.25in;
    22042260        text-indent:-.25in;}
    22052261@list l18:level2
     
    22072263        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    22082264        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2265        margin-left:.75in;
    22092266        text-indent:-.25in;}
    22102267@list l18:level3
    2211         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2212         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2213         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2214 @list l18:level4
    2215         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2216         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2217         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2218 @list l18:level5
    2219         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2220         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2221         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2222 @list l18:level6
    2223         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2224         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2225         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2226 @list l18:level7
    2227         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2228         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2229         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2230 @list l18:level8
    2231         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2232         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2233         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2234 @list l18:level9
    2235         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2236         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2237         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2238 @list l19
    2239         {mso-list-id:1074664733;
    2240         mso-list-type:hybrid;
    2241         mso-list-template-ids:2033622918 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    2242 @list l19:level1
    2243         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2244         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2245         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2246         margin-left:1.0in;
    2247         text-indent:-.25in;
    2248         mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
    2249 @list l19:level2
    2250         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2251         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2252         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2253         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2254 @list l19:level3
    2255         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2256         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2257         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2258 @list l19:level4
    2259         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2260         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2261         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2262 @list l19:level5
    2263         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2264         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2265         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2266 @list l19:level6
    2267         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2268         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2269         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2270 @list l19:level7
    2271         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2272         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2273         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2274 @list l19:level8
    2275         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2276         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2277         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2278 @list l19:level9
    2279         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2280         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2281         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2282 @list l20
    2283         {mso-list-id:1211770204;
    2284         mso-list-type:hybrid;
    2285         mso-list-template-ids:-399582512 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    2286 @list l20:level1
    2287         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2288         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2289         margin-left:.25in;
    2290         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2291 @list l20:level2
    2292         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2293         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2294         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2295         margin-left:.75in;
    2296         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2297 @list l20:level3
    22982268        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    22992269        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    23012271        margin-left:1.25in;
    23022272        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    2303 @list l20:level4
     2273@list l18:level4
    23042274        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    23052275        mso-level-number-position:left;
    23062276        margin-left:1.75in;
    23072277        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2308 @list l20:level5
     2278@list l18:level5
    23092279        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    23102280        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    23122282        margin-left:2.25in;
    23132283        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2314 @list l20:level6
     2284@list l18:level6
    23152285        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    23162286        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    23182288        margin-left:2.75in;
    23192289        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    2320 @list l20:level7
     2290@list l18:level7
    23212291        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    23222292        mso-level-number-position:left;
    23232293        margin-left:3.25in;
    23242294        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2325 @list l20:level8
     2295@list l18:level8
    23262296        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    23272297        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    23292299        margin-left:3.75in;
    23302300        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2331 @list l20:level9
     2301@list l18:level9
    23322302        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    23332303        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    23352305        margin-left:4.25in;
    23362306        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
     2307@list l19
     2308        {mso-list-id:1580553544;
     2309        mso-list-template-ids:-615735862;}
     2310@list l19:level1
     2311        {mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
     2312        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2313        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2314@list l19:level2
     2315        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     2316        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2317        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2318@list l19:level3
     2319        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2320        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2321        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2322@list l19:level4
     2323        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2324        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2325        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2326@list l19:level5
     2327        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2328        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2329        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2330@list l19:level6
     2331        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2332        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2333        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2334@list l19:level7
     2335        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2336        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2337        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2338@list l19:level8
     2339        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2340        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2341        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2342@list l19:level9
     2343        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2344        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2345        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2346@list l20
     2347        {mso-list-id:1602683002;
     2348        mso-list-type:hybrid;
     2349        mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     2350@list l20:level1
     2351        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2352        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2353        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2354@list l20:level2
     2355        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     2356        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2357        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2358        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2359@list l20:level3
     2360        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2361        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2362        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2363@list l20:level4
     2364        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2365        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2366        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2367@list l20:level5
     2368        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2369        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2370        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2371@list l20:level6
     2372        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2373        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2374        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2375@list l20:level7
     2376        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2377        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2378        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2379@list l20:level8
     2380        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2381        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2382        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2383@list l20:level9
     2384        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2385        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2386        text-indent:-.25in;}
    23372387@list l21
    2338         {mso-list-id:1323200535;
     2388        {mso-list-id:1669404025;
    23392389        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    2340         mso-list-template-ids:-720724778 859726762 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     2390        mso-list-template-ids:-1814001090 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    23412391@list l21:level1
    23422392        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
     
    23442394        mso-level-number-position:left;
    23452395        margin-left:1.0in;
    2346         text-indent:-.25in;}
     2396        text-indent:-.25in;
     2397        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
    23472398@list l21:level2
    23482399        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     
    23502401        text-indent:-.25in;}
    23512402@list l21:level3
    2352         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2353         mso-level-number-position:left;
     2403        {mso-level-tab-stop:112.5pt;
     2404        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2405        margin-left:112.5pt;
    23542406        text-indent:-.25in;}
    23552407@list l21:level4
     
    23782430        text-indent:-.25in;}
    23792431@list l22
    2380         {mso-list-id:1326516832;
    2381         mso-list-type:hybrid;
    2382         mso-list-template-ids:1433942448 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
     2432        {mso-list-id:1734962708;
     2433        mso-list-template-ids:-2097672882;}
    23832434@list l22:level1
    2384         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     2435        {mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
    23852436        mso-level-number-position:left;
    23862437        text-indent:-.25in;}
    23872438@list l22:level2
    2388         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    2389         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2390         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2391 @list l22:level3
    2392         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2393         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2394         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2395 @list l22:level4
    2396         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2397         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2398         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2399 @list l22:level5
    2400         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2401         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2402         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2403 @list l22:level6
    2404         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2405         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2406         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2407 @list l22:level7
    2408         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2409         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2410         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2411 @list l22:level8
    2412         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2413         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2414         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2415 @list l22:level9
    2416         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2417         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2418         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2419 @list l23
    2420         {mso-list-id:1394309879;
    2421         mso-list-template-ids:326264828;}
    2422 @list l23:level1
    2423         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2424         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2425         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2426 @list l23:level2
    2427         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2428         mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    2429         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2430         text-indent:-.25in;
    2431         mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
    2432         font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
    2433         mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;
    2434         mso-ansi-font-style:normal;}
    2435 @list l23:level3
    2436         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2437         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2438         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2439 @list l23:level4
    2440         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2441         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2442         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2443         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2444 @list l23:level5
    2445         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2446         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2447         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2448 @list l23:level6
    2449         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2450         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2451         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2452 @list l23:level7
    2453         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2454         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2455         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2456 @list l23:level8
    2457         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2458         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2459         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2460 @list l23:level9
    2461         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2462         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2463         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2464 @list l24
    2465         {mso-list-id:1413820461;
    2466         mso-list-type:hybrid;
    2467         mso-list-template-ids:2031237610 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    2468 @list l24:level1
    2469         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2470         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2471         margin-left:.25in;
    2472         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2473 @list l24:level2
    2474         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2475         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2476         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2477         margin-left:.75in;
    2478         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2479 @list l24:level3
    2480         {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    2481         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2482         mso-level-number-position:right;
    2483         margin-left:1.25in;
    2484         text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    2485 @list l24:level4
    2486         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2487         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2488         margin-left:1.75in;
    2489         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2490 @list l24:level5
    2491         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2492         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2493         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2494         margin-left:2.25in;
    2495         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2496 @list l24:level6
    2497         {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    2498         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2499         mso-level-number-position:right;
    2500         margin-left:2.75in;
    2501         text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    2502 @list l24:level7
    2503         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2504         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2505         margin-left:3.25in;
    2506         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2507 @list l24:level8
    2508         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2509         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2510         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2511         margin-left:3.75in;
    2512         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2513 @list l24:level9
    2514         {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    2515         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2516         mso-level-number-position:right;
    2517         margin-left:4.25in;
    2518         text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    2519 @list l25
    2520         {mso-list-id:1509251492;
    2521         mso-list-template-ids:1212859010;}
    2522 @list l25:level1
    2523         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2524         mso-level-text:;
    2525         mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
    2526         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2527         text-indent:-.25in;
    2528         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2529         font-family:Symbol;}
    2530 @list l25:level2
    25312439        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    25322440        mso-level-text:o;
     
    25372445        font-family:"Courier New";
    25382446        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
    2539 @list l25:level3
    2540         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2541         mso-level-text:;
    2542         mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2543         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2544         text-indent:-.25in;
    2545         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2546         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2547 @list l25:level4
    2548         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2549         mso-level-text:;
    2550         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2551         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2552         text-indent:-.25in;
    2553         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2554         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2555 @list l25:level5
    2556         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2557         mso-level-text:;
    2558         mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2559         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2560         text-indent:-.25in;
    2561         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2562         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2563 @list l25:level6
    2564         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2565         mso-level-text:;
    2566         mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2567         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2568         text-indent:-.25in;
    2569         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2570         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2571 @list l25:level7
    2572         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2573         mso-level-text:;
    2574         mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2575         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2576         text-indent:-.25in;
    2577         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2578         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2579 @list l25:level8
    2580         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2581         mso-level-text:;
    2582         mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2583         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2584         text-indent:-.25in;
    2585         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2586         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2587 @list l25:level9
    2588         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2589         mso-level-text:;
    2590         mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2591         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2592         text-indent:-.25in;
    2593         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2594         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2595 @list l26
    2596         {mso-list-id:1602683002;
    2597         mso-list-type:hybrid;
    2598         mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    2599 @list l26:level1
    2600         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2601         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2602         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2603 @list l26:level2
    2604         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2605         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2606         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2607         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2608 @list l26:level3
     2447@list l22:level3
    26092448        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    26102449        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26112450        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2612 @list l26:level4
     2451@list l22:level4
    26132452        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    26142453        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26152454        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2616 @list l26:level5
     2455@list l22:level5
    26172456        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    26182457        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26192458        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2620 @list l26:level6
     2459@list l22:level6
    26212460        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    26222461        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26232462        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2624 @list l26:level7
     2463@list l22:level7
    26252464        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    26262465        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26272466        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2628 @list l26:level8
     2467@list l22:level8
    26292468        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    26302469        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26312470        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2632 @list l26:level9
     2471@list l22:level9
    26332472        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    26342473        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26352474        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2636 @list l27
    2637         {mso-list-id:1669404025;
    2638         mso-list-type:hybrid;
    2639         mso-list-template-ids:-1814001090 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    2640 @list l27:level1
    2641         {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    2642         mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2643         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2644         margin-left:1.0in;
    2645         text-indent:-.25in;
    2646         mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
    2647 @list l27:level2
    2648         {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    2649         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2650         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2651 @list l27:level3
    2652         {mso-level-tab-stop:112.5pt;
    2653         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2654         margin-left:112.5pt;
    2655         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2656 @list l27:level4
    2657         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2658         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2659         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2660 @list l27:level5
    2661         {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2662         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2663         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2664 @list l27:level6
    2665         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2666         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2667         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2668 @list l27:level7
    2669         {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2670         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2671         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2672 @list l27:level8
    2673         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2674         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2675         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2676 @list l27:level9
    2677         {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2678         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2679         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2680 @list l28
     2475@list l23
    26812476        {mso-list-id:1753089587;
    26822477        mso-list-template-ids:1555050902;}
    2683 @list l28:level1
     2478@list l23:level1
    26842479        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    26852480        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26862481        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2687 @list l28:level2
     2482@list l23:level2
    26882483        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    26892484        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26902485        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2691 @list l28:level3
     2486@list l23:level3
    26922487        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    26932488        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26942489        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2695 @list l28:level4
     2490@list l23:level4
    26962491        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    26972492        mso-level-number-position:left;
    26982493        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2699 @list l28:level5
     2494@list l23:level5
    27002495        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    27012496        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27022497        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2703 @list l28:level6
     2498@list l23:level6
    27042499        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    27052500        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27062501        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2707 @list l28:level7
     2502@list l23:level7
    27082503        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    27092504        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27102505        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2711 @list l28:level8
     2506@list l23:level8
    27122507        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    27132508        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27142509        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2715 @list l28:level9
     2510@list l23:level9
    27162511        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    27172512        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27182513        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2719 @list l29
     2514@list l24
    27202515        {mso-list-id:1773695911;
    27212516        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    27222517        mso-list-template-ids:-1704541642 595615172 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    2723 @list l29:level1
     2518@list l24:level1
    27242519        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    27252520        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27262521        margin-left:.75in;
    27272522        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2728 @list l29:level2
     2523@list l24:level2
    27292524        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    27302525        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    27322527        margin-left:1.25in;
    27332528        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2734 @list l29:level3
     2529@list l24:level3
    27352530        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    27362531        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    27382533        margin-left:1.75in;
    27392534        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    2740 @list l29:level4
     2535@list l24:level4
    27412536        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    27422537        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27432538        margin-left:2.25in;
    27442539        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2745 @list l29:level5
     2540@list l24:level5
    27462541        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    27472542        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    27492544        margin-left:2.75in;
    27502545        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2751 @list l29:level6
     2546@list l24:level6
    27522547        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    27532548        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    27552550        margin-left:3.25in;
    27562551        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    2757 @list l29:level7
     2552@list l24:level7
    27582553        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    27592554        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27602555        margin-left:3.75in;
    27612556        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2762 @list l29:level8
     2557@list l24:level8
    27632558        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    27642559        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    27662561        margin-left:4.25in;
    27672562        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2768 @list l29:level9
     2563@list l24:level9
    27692564        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
    27702565        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
     
    27722567        margin-left:4.75in;
    27732568        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
    2774 @list l30
     2569@list l25
    27752570        {mso-list-id:1840269000;
    27762571        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    27772572        mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    2778 @list l30:level1
     2573@list l25:level1
    27792574        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    27802575        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27812576        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2782 @list l30:level2
     2577@list l25:level2
    27832578        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    27842579        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    27852580        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27862581        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2787 @list l30:level3
     2582@list l25:level3
    27882583        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    27892584        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27902585        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2791 @list l30:level4
     2586@list l25:level4
    27922587        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    27932588        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27942589        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2795 @list l30:level5
     2590@list l25:level5
    27962591        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    27972592        mso-level-number-position:left;
    27982593        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2799 @list l30:level6
     2594@list l25:level6
    28002595        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    28012596        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28022597        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2803 @list l30:level7
     2598@list l25:level7
    28042599        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    28052600        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28062601        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2807 @list l30:level8
     2602@list l25:level8
    28082603        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    28092604        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28102605        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2811 @list l30:level9
     2606@list l25:level9
    28122607        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    28132608        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28142609        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2815 @list l31
    2816         {mso-list-id:2029942403;
    2817         mso-list-template-ids:1555050902;}
    2818 @list l31:level1
    2819         {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    2820         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2821         text-indent:-.25in;}
    2822 @list l31:level2
     2610@list l26
     2611        {mso-list-id:1902254926;
     2612        mso-list-template-ids:1270895724;}
     2613@list l26:level1
     2614        {mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
     2615        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2616        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2617@list l26:level2
    28232618        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    28242619        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28252620        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2826 @list l31:level3
     2621@list l26:level3
    28272622        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    28282623        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28292624        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2830 @list l31:level4
     2625@list l26:level4
    28312626        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    28322627        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28332628        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2834 @list l31:level5
     2629@list l26:level5
    28352630        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    28362631        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28372632        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2838 @list l31:level6
     2633@list l26:level6
    28392634        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    28402635        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28412636        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2842 @list l31:level7
     2637@list l26:level7
    28432638        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    28442639        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28452640        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2846 @list l31:level8
     2641@list l26:level8
    28472642        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    28482643        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28492644        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2850 @list l31:level9
     2645@list l26:level9
    28512646        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    28522647        mso-level-number-position:left;
    28532648        text-indent:-.25in;}
    2854 @list l32
    2855         {mso-list-id:2062902783;
    2856         mso-list-template-ids:-1977291988;}
    2857 @list l32:level1
    2858         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2859         mso-level-text:;
    2860         mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
    2861         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2862         text-indent:-.25in;
    2863         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2864         font-family:Symbol;}
    2865 @list l32:level2
    2866         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2867         mso-level-text:o;
    2868         mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    2869         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2870         text-indent:-.25in;
    2871         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2872         font-family:"Courier New";
    2873         mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
    2874 @list l32:level3
    2875         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2876         mso-level-text:;
    2877         mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2878         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2879         text-indent:-.25in;
    2880         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2881         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2882 @list l32:level4
    2883         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2884         mso-level-text:;
    2885         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2886         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2887         text-indent:-.25in;
    2888         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2889         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2890 @list l32:level5
    2891         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2892         mso-level-text:;
    2893         mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2894         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2895         text-indent:-.25in;
    2896         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2897         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2898 @list l32:level6
    2899         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2900         mso-level-text:;
    2901         mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2902         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2903         text-indent:-.25in;
    2904         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2905         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2906 @list l32:level7
    2907         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2908         mso-level-text:;
    2909         mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2910         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2911         text-indent:-.25in;
    2912         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2913         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2914 @list l32:level8
    2915         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2916         mso-level-text:;
    2917         mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2918         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2919         text-indent:-.25in;
    2920         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2921         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2922 @list l32:level9
    2923         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2924         mso-level-text:;
    2925         mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    2926         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2927         text-indent:-.25in;
    2928         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2929         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2930 @list l33
    2931         {mso-list-id:2091270269;
    2932         mso-list-template-ids:1789321394;}
    2933 @list l33:level1
    2934         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2935         mso-level-text:;
    2936         mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
    2937         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2938         text-indent:-.25in;
    2939         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2940         font-family:Symbol;}
    2941 @list l33:level2
    2942         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2943         mso-level-text:;
    2944         mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    2945         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2946         text-indent:-.25in;
    2947         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2948         font-family:Symbol;}
    2949 @list l33:level3
    2950         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2951         mso-level-text:;
    2952         mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    2953         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2954         text-indent:-.25in;
    2955         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2956         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2957 @list l33:level4
    2958         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2959         mso-level-text:;
    2960         mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    2961         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2962         text-indent:-.25in;
    2963         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2964         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2965 @list l33:level5
    2966         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2967         mso-level-text:;
    2968         mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    2969         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2970         text-indent:-.25in;
    2971         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2972         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2973 @list l33:level6
    2974         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2975         mso-level-text:;
    2976         mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    2977         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2978         text-indent:-.25in;
    2979         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2980         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2981 @list l33:level7
    2982         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2983         mso-level-text:;
    2984         mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    2985         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2986         text-indent:-.25in;
    2987         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2988         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2989 @list l33:level8
    2990         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2991         mso-level-text:;
    2992         mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    2993         mso-level-number-position:left;
    2994         text-indent:-.25in;
    2995         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    2996         font-family:Wingdings;}
    2997 @list l33:level9
    2998         {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
    2999         mso-level-text:;
    3000         mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    3001         mso-level-number-position:left;
    3002         text-indent:-.25in;
    3003         mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
    3004         font-family:Wingdings;}
    3005 @list l34
     2649@list l27
     2650        {mso-list-id:1949777749;
     2651        mso-list-template-ids:-863108910;}
     2652@list l27:level1
     2653        {mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
     2654        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2655        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2656@list l27:level2
     2657        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     2658        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2659        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2660@list l27:level3
     2661        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2662        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2663        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2664@list l27:level4
     2665        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2666        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2667        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2668@list l27:level5
     2669        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2670        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2671        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2672@list l27:level6
     2673        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2674        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2675        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2676@list l27:level7
     2677        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2678        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2679        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2680@list l27:level8
     2681        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2682        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2683        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2684@list l27:level9
     2685        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2686        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2687        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2688@list l28
     2689        {mso-list-id:2021002967;
     2690        mso-list-template-ids:449459044;}
     2691@list l28:level1
     2692        {mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
     2693        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2694        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2695@list l28:level2
     2696        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
     2697        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2698        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2699@list l28:level3
     2700        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
     2701        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2702        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2703@list l28:level4
     2704        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
     2705        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2706        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2707@list l28:level5
     2708        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
     2709        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2710        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2711@list l28:level6
     2712        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
     2713        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2714        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2715@list l28:level7
     2716        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
     2717        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2718        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2719@list l28:level8
     2720        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
     2721        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2722        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2723@list l28:level9
     2724        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
     2725        mso-level-number-position:left;
     2726        text-indent:-.25in;}
     2727@list l29
    30062728        {mso-list-id:2095858496;
    30072729        mso-list-type:hybrid;
    30082730        mso-list-template-ids:-2088890812 709683864 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
    3009 @list l34:level1
     2731@list l29:level1
    30102732        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    30112733        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30122734        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3013 @list l34:level2
     2735@list l29:level2
    30142736        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    30152737        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30162738        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3017 @list l34:level3
     2739@list l29:level3
    30182740        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    30192741        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30202742        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3021 @list l34:level4
     2743@list l29:level4
    30222744        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    30232745        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30242746        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3025 @list l34:level5
     2747@list l29:level5
    30262748        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    30272749        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30282750        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3029 @list l34:level6
     2751@list l29:level6
    30302752        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    30312753        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30322754        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3033 @list l34:level7
     2755@list l29:level7
    30342756        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    30352757        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30362758        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3037 @list l34:level8
     2759@list l29:level8
    30382760        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    30392761        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30402762        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3041 @list l34:level9
     2763@list l29:level9
    30422764        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    30432765        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30442766        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3045 @list l35
     2767@list l30
    30462768        {mso-list-id:2114591880;
    30472769        mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
    3048 @list l35:level1
     2770@list l30:level1
    30492771        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
    30502772        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30512773        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3052 @list l35:level2
     2774@list l30:level2
    30532775        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    30542776        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
    30552777        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30562778        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3057 @list l35:level3
     2779@list l30:level3
    30582780        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
    30592781        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30602782        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3061 @list l35:level4
     2783@list l30:level4
    30622784        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
    30632785        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
    30642786        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30652787        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3066 @list l35:level5
     2788@list l30:level5
    30672789        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
    30682790        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30692791        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3070 @list l35:level6
     2792@list l30:level6
    30712793        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
    30722794        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30732795        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3074 @list l35:level7
     2796@list l30:level7
    30752797        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
    30762798        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30772799        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3078 @list l35:level8
     2800@list l30:level8
    30792801        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
    30802802        mso-level-number-position:left;
    30812803        text-indent:-.25in;}
    3082 @list l35:level9
     2804@list l30:level9
    30832805        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
    30842806        mso-level-number-position:left;
     
    31022824        mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;
    31032825        mso-para-margin:0in;
    3104         mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
    31052826        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
    31062827        font-size:10.0pt;
     
    31122833<link href=gsasIIfav.png rel="SHORTCUT ICON">
    31132834<!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
    3114  <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1027"/>
     2835 <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1029"/>
    31152836</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
    31162837 <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit">
     
    31192840</head>
    31202841
    3121 <body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
     2842<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in;word-wrap:
     2843break-word'>
    31222844
    31232845<div class=WordSection1>
     
    31432865 <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/>
    31442866 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
    3145 </v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_2" o:spid="_x0000_s1026" type="#_x0000_t75"
     2867</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_2" o:spid="_x0000_s1028" type="#_x0000_t75"
    31462868 alt="Description: GSAS-II logo" style='position:absolute;margin-left:44.8pt;
    31472869 margin-top:0;width:96pt;height:96pt;z-index:251657728;visibility:visible;
     
    31612883is where to find help on various GSAS-II windows and plots. Note that GSAS-II
    31622884operates with three windows: the main <a href="#Data_tree">GSAS-II data tree</a>
    3163 section, which provides a hierarchical view of the current project on
    3164 the left and the <a
    3165 href="#Data_Frame">GSAS-II data editing</a> section, which shows the contents of
    3166 a particular section of the project, where values can be examined and changed;
    3167 The second is the <a href="#Plots">GSAS-II Plots</a> window, which shows graphical
    3168 representations of the results. The third is a console window, which has printout information
    3169 that can be selected, cut &amp; pasted into a document. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
    3170 
    3171 <h2><a name="Index">Help Index</a></h2>
    3172 <OL>
    3173   <LI><a href="#Tutorials">Learning GSAS-II: tutorials</a></LI>
    3174   <LI><a href="#Data_tree">Application windows</a></LI>
    3175   <LI><a href="#main_menu">Main menu commands</a></LI>
    3176   <LI>Data Tree headings, graphics windows and menu commands</LI>
    3177   <OL type="A">
    3178   <LI><a href="#Data_tree_items">Top-level </a>Data Tree headings</LI>
    3179   <LI><a href="#Phase">Phase </a>Data Tree headings</LI>
    3180   <LI><a href="#IMG">Image (IMG) </a>Data Tree headings</LI>
    3181   <LI><a href="#PWDR">Powder histogram (PWDR) </a>Data Tree
    3182   headings</LI>
    3183   <UL>
    3184     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Comments">Comments</a></li>
    3185     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Limits">Limits</a></li>
    3186     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Background">Background</a></li>
    3187     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Instrument_Parameters">Instrument Parameters</a></li>
    3188     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Sample_Parameters">Sample Parameters</a></li>
    3189     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Peak_List">Peak List</a></li>
    3190     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Index_Peak_List">Index Peak List</a></li>
    3191     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Unit_Cells_List">Unit Cells List</a></li>
    3192     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Reflection_Lists">Reflection Lists</a></li>
    3193   </UL>
    3194  
    3195   <LI><a href="#HKLF">Single Crystal histogram (HKLF)</a> Data Tree
    3196   headings</LI>
    3197   <UL>
    3198     <LI><a href="#HKLF_Instrument_Parameters">Instrument Parameters</a></li>
    3199     <LI><a href="#HKLF_HKL_Plot_Controls">HKL Plot Controls</a></li>
    3200     <LI><a href="#HKLF_Reflection_List">Reflection List</a></li>
    3201   </UL>
    3202   <LI><a href="#PDF">Pair Distribution Functions (PDF) </a>Data Tree headings</LI>
    3203   <LI><a href="#PKS">Powder Peaks (PKS) </a>Data Tree headings</LI>
    3204   <LI><a href="#SASD">Small Angle Scattering (SASD) </a>Data Tree
    3205   headings</LI>
    3206   </OL>
    3207   <LI>Other: <a href="#Mac">Macintosh notes</a>,
    3208   <a href="#Preferences">Configuration options</a>
    3209   and <a href="#Programmers">Programmers documentation</a>
    3210 </OL>
    3211 
    3212 
    3213 <h2><a name="Tutorials"><strong>Learning GSAS-II: Tutorials</strong></a></h2>
    3214 
    3215 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
    3216 best way to learn about how different sections of GSAS-II is used is
    3217 to work through tutorials. A list of available tutorial topics appears on a
    3218 <A href="Tutorials.html">separate web page</A>.
    3219 
    3220 <P>
     2885section, which provides a hierarchical view of the current project on the left
     2886and the <a href="#Data_Frame">GSAS-II data editing</a> section, which shows the
     2887contents of a particular section of the project, where values can be examined
     2888and changed; The second is the <a href="#Plots">GSAS-II Plots</a> window, which
     2889shows graphical representations of the results. The third is a console window,
     2890which has printout information that can be selected, cut &amp; pasted into a
     2891document. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     2892
     2893<h2><a name=Index><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Help
     2894Index</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
     2895
     2896<ol start=1 type=1>
     2897 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     2898     mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     2899     "Times New Roman"'><a href="#Tutorials">Learning GSAS-II: tutorials</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2900 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     2901     mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     2902     "Times New Roman"'><a href="#Data_tree">Application windows</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2903 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     2904     mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     2905     "Times New Roman"'><a href="#main_menu">Main menu commands</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2906 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     2907     mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     2908     "Times New Roman"'>Data Tree headings, graphics windows and menu commands<o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2909 <ol start=1 type=A>
     2910  <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2911      auto;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     2912      style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2913      href="#Data_tree_items">Top-level </a>Data Tree headings<o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2914  <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2915      auto;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     2916      style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#Phase">Phase </a>Data
     2917      Tree headings<o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2918  <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2919      auto;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     2920      style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#IMG">Image
     2921      (IMG) </a>Data Tree headings<o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2922  <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2923      auto;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     2924      style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#PWDR">Powder
     2925      histogram (PWDR) </a>Data Tree headings<o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2926  <ul type=square>
     2927   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2928       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2929       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2930       href="#PWDR_Comments">Comments</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2931   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2932       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2933       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#PWDR_Limits">Limits</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2934   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2935       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2936       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2937       href="#PWDR_Background">Background</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2938   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2939       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2940       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2941       href="#PWDR_Instrument_Parameters">Instrument Parameters</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2942   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2943       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2944       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2945       href="#PWDR_Sample_Parameters">Sample Parameters</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2946   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2947       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2948       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2949       href="#PWDR_Peak_List">Peak List</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2950   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2951       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2952       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2953       href="#PWDR_Index_Peak_List">Index Peak List</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2954   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2955       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2956       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2957       href="#PWDR_Unit_Cells_List">Unit Cells List</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2958   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2959       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2960       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2961       href="#PWDR_Reflection_Lists">Reflection Lists</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2962  </ul>
     2963  <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2964      auto;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     2965      style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#HKLF">Single
     2966      Crystal histogram (HKLF)</a> Data Tree headings<o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2967  <ul type=square>
     2968   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2969       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2970       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2971       href="#HKLF_Instrument_Parameters">Instrument Parameters</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2972   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2973       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2974       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2975       href="#HKLF_HKL_Plot_Controls">HKL Plot Controls</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2976   <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2977       auto;mso-list:l15 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><span
     2978       style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     2979       href="#HKLF_Reflection_List">Reflection List</a><o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2980  </ul>
     2981  <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2982      auto;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     2983      style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#PDF">Pair
     2984      Distribution Functions (PDF) </a>Data Tree headings<o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2985  <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2986      auto;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     2987      style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#PKS">Powder
     2988      Peaks (PKS) </a>Data Tree headings<o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2989  <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:
     2990      auto;mso-list:l15 level2 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
     2991      style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a href="#SASD">Small
     2992      Angle Scattering (SASD) </a>Data Tree headings<o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2993 </ol>
     2994 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     2995     mso-list:l15 level1 lfo1;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     2996     "Times New Roman"'>Other: <a href="#Mac">Macintosh notes</a>, <a
     2997     href="#Preferences">Configuration options</a> and <a href="#Programmers">Programmers
     2998     documentation</a> <o:p></o:p></span></li>
     2999</ol>
     3000
     3001<h2><a name=Tutorials><strong><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Learning
     3002GSAS-II: Tutorials</span></strong></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Tutorials'></span><span
     3003style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
     3004
     3005<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3006"Times New Roman"'>The best way to learn about how different sections of
     3007GSAS-II is used is to work through tutorials. A list of available tutorial
     3008topics appears on a <a href="Tutorials.html">separate web page</a>. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3009
     3010<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3011style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    32213012
    32223013<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
     3014
     3015</span></div>
     3016
     3017<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3018style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     3019
    32233020<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
    32243021
    3225 <h2><a name="Data_tree">
    3226 1. GSAS-II Data Tree</a></h2>
    3227 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3228 "Times New Roman"'>The data tree shows contents of a GSAS-II project
    3229 (which can be read or saved as a .gpx file) in a hierarchical view.
    3230 Clicking on any item in the tree opens that information on the right
    3231 side of the window in the "Data Editing" section,
    3232 where information in that item can be viewed or edited. For example, the <a
    3233 href="#PWDR_Sample_Parameters">&quot;Sample Parameters&quot;</a> item under a ‘PWDR’
    3234 entry contains information about how data were collected, such as the sample
    3235 temperature <a href="#PWDR_Sample_Parameters">(see below)</a>. The arrow keys (up
    3236 &amp; down) move the selection to successive entries in the data tree; both the
    3237 data window and the associated plot (if any) will change.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3022</span></div>
     3023
     3024<h2><a name="Data_tree"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>1.
     3025GSAS-II Data Tree</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
     3026
     3027<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3028"Times New Roman"'>The data tree shows contents of a GSAS-II project (which can
     3029be read or saved as a .gpx file) in a hierarchical view. Clicking on any item
     3030in the tree opens that information on the right side of the window in the
     3031&quot;Data Editing&quot; section, where information in that item can be viewed
     3032or edited. For example, the <a href="#PWDR_Sample_Parameters">&quot;Sample
     3033Parameters&quot;</a> item under a ‘PWDR’ entry contains information about how
     3034data were collected, such as the sample temperature <a
     3035href="#PWDR_Sample_Parameters">(see below)</a>. The arrow keys (up &amp; down)
     3036move the selection to successive entries in the data tree; both the data window
     3037and the associated plot (if any) will change.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    32383038
    32393039<h4 style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
    32403040can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
    32413041
    3242 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>
    3243 The leftmost entries in the GSAS-II menu provide access to many
    3244 features of GSAS-II. Other menu items will change depending on what
    3245 type of entry is selected in the data tree. The menu commands that
    3246 do not change and are described below in the
    3247 <A href="#main_menu">main menu commands</a> section.</p>
     3042<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>The leftmost entries in the GSAS-II
     3043menu provide access to many features of GSAS-II. Other menu items will change
     3044depending on what type of entry is selected in the data tree. The menu commands
     3045that do not change and are described below in the <a href="#main_menu">main
     3046menu commands</a> section.</p>
     3047
     3048<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3049style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    32483050
    32493051<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
     3052
     3053</span></div>
     3054
     3055<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3056style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     3057
    32503058<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
    32513059
    3252 <h2><a name="Data_Frame"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3253 "Times New Roman"'>2. GSAS-II Data Editing Window</span></a><span
    3254 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
     3060</span></div>
     3061
     3062<h2><a name="Data_Frame"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2.
     3063GSAS-II Data Editing Window</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3064"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
    32553065
    32563066<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     
    32583068Window, depending on which section of the <a href="#Data_tree">data tree</a> is
    32593069selected. For example, clicking on the &quot;Notebook&quot; entry of the tree
    3260 brings up the Notebook editing window, as described below in the
    3261 <a href="#Data_tree">data tree</a> sections.
    3262 
    3263 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3070brings up the Notebook editing window, as described below in the <a
     3071href="#Data_tree">data tree</a> sections. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3072
     3073<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3074style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    32643075
    32653076<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
     3077
     3078</span></div>
     3079
     3080<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3081style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     3082
    32663083<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
    3267 <h2><a name="Plots">
    3268 3. GSAS-II Plots Window</a></h2>
    3269 
    3270 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span><span
    3271 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This window presents all the
    3272 graphical material as a multipage tabbed set of plots utilizing the matplotlib
    3273 python package. Each page has a tool with the
    3274 controls<span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:
    3275 none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></span></p>
    3276 
    3277 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><img border=1 width="80%"
    3278 src=graphbar.jpg alt="toolbar on plots"></p>
    3279 
    3280 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span><span
    3281 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The first nine or ten
    3282 icons have the following functions: <b
     3084
     3085</span></div>
     3086
     3087<h2><a name=Plots><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>3.
     3088GSAS-II Plots Window</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
     3089
     3090<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3091"Times New Roman"'>This window presents all the graphical material as a
     3092multipage tabbed set of plots utilizing the matplotlib python package. Each
     3093page has a tool with the controls</span><span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3094style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
     3095
     3096<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><img
     3097border=0 width=727 height=55 id="_x0000_i1044" src=graphbar.jpg
     3098alt="toolbar on plots"></span></p>
     3099
     3100<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3101"Times New Roman"'>The first nine or ten icons have the following functions: <b
    32833102style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Home</b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    32843103normal'>Back</b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Forward</b>, <b
    32853104style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Pan</b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
    3286 normal'>Zoom</b>,
    3287 <B>Resize plot</B>,
    3288 <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Save</b>, <B>Key Press</B> and <b
    3289 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Help</b>, respectively and are
    3290 described below. The
    3291 remainder (yellow arrows) move or rescale the plot. Note that
    3292 <B>Resize plot</B> is removed from the toolbar where matplotlib
    3293 allows this and should not be used.
    3294 <span
    3295 class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
    3296 text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></span></p>
    3297 <DL style='margin-left:0.5in'>
    3298 <DT><B>Home</B><DD>returns the plot to the initial scaling
    3299 <DT><B>Back</B><DD>returns the plot to the previous scaling
    3300 <DT><B>Forward</B><DD>reverses the action in the previous press(es) of the Back button
    3301 <DT><B>Pan</B><DD>allows you to control panning across the plot (press left mouse button) and zooming (press right mouse button),
    3302 <DT><B>Zoom</B><DD>allows you to select a portion of the plot (press right mouse button & drag for zoom box) for the next plot.
    3303 <DT><B>Save</B><DD>allows you to save the currently displayed plot in
    3304   one of several graphical formats suitable for printing or insertion
    3305   in a document.
    3306 <DT><B>Key Press</B><DD>Shows a menu of key press commands that can be
    3307   used to interact with the plot. These actions can be initiated from
    3308   the menu.   
    3309 <DT><B>Help</B><DD>accesses GSASII help on the specific plot type.
    3310  <DT><B>{less than}</B><DD>Shifts the plot to the left, relative to the axes
    3311  <DT><B>{greater than}</B><DD>Shifts the plot to the right, relative to the axes
    3312  <DT><B>{up arrow}<DD></B>Shifts the plot up, relative to the axes
    3313  <DT><B>{down arrow}<DD></B>Shifts the plot down, relative to the axes
    3314  <DT><B>{less than}+{greater than}</B><DD>Zooms in on the
    3315    plot (magnifies) along the horizontal (x) direction to show more details.
    3316  <DT><B>{greater than}+{less than}</B><DD>Zooms out on the
    3317    plot (demagnifies) along the horizontal (x) direction.
    3318  <DT><B>{up arrow}/{down arrow}</B><DD>Zooms in on the
    3319    plot (magnifies) along the vertical (y) direction to show more details.
    3320  <DT><B>{down arrow}/{up arrow}</B><DD>Zooms out on the
    3321    plot (demagnifies) along the vertical (y) direction.
    3322 </DL>
    3323  
    3324 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>
    3325 Below the toolbar may be a
    3326 status bar that on the left may show either an instruction for a keyed input or
    3327 a pull down selection of keyed input; on the right may be displayed position
    3328 dependent information that is updated as the mouse is moved over the plot
    3329 region.</p>
     3105normal'>Zoom</b>, <b>Resize plot</b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Save</b>,
     3106<b>Key Press</b> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Help</b>,
     3107respectively and are described below. The remainder (yellow arrows) move or
     3108rescale the plot. Note that <b>Resize plot</b> is removed from the toolbar
     3109where matplotlib allows this and should not be used. <span class=MsoHyperlink><span
     3110style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
     3111
     3112<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3113"Times New Roman"'>Home</span></b></p>
     3114
     3115<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3116"Times New Roman"'>returns the plot to the initial scaling <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3117
     3118<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3119"Times New Roman"'>Back</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3120
     3121<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3122"Times New Roman"'>returns the plot to the previous scaling <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3123
     3124<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3125"Times New Roman"'>Forward</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3126
     3127<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3128"Times New Roman"'>reverses the action in the previous press(es) of the Back
     3129button <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3130
     3131<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3132"Times New Roman"'>Pan</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3133
     3134<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3135"Times New Roman"'>allows you to control panning across the plot (press left
     3136mouse button) and zooming (press right mouse button), <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3137
     3138<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3139"Times New Roman"'>Zoom</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3140
     3141<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3142"Times New Roman"'>allows you to select a portion of the plot (press right
     3143mouse button &amp; drag for zoom box) for the next plot. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3144
     3145<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3146"Times New Roman"'>Save</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3147
     3148<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3149"Times New Roman"'>allows you to save the currently displayed plot in one of
     3150several graphical formats suitable for printing or insertion in a document. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3151
     3152<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3153"Times New Roman"'>Key Press</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3154"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3155
     3156<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3157"Times New Roman"'>Shows a menu of key press commands that can be used to
     3158interact with the plot. These actions can be initiated from the menu. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3159
     3160<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3161"Times New Roman"'>Help</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3162
     3163<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3164"Times New Roman"'>accesses GSASII help on the specific plot type. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3165
     3166<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3167"Times New Roman"'>{less than}</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3168"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3169
     3170<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3171"Times New Roman"'>Shifts the plot to the left, relative to the axes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3172
     3173<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3174"Times New Roman"'>{greater than}</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3175"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3176
     3177<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3178"Times New Roman"'>Shifts the plot to the right, relative to the axes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3179
     3180<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3181"Times New Roman"'>{up arrow}<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
     3182
     3183<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3184"Times New Roman"'>Shifts the plot up, relative to the axes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3185
     3186<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3187"Times New Roman"'>{down arrow}<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
     3188
     3189<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3190"Times New Roman"'>Shifts the plot down, relative to the axes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3191
     3192<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3193"Times New Roman"'>{less than}+{greater than}</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3194"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3195
     3196<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3197"Times New Roman"'>Zooms in on the plot (magnifies) along the horizontal (x)
     3198direction to show more details. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3199
     3200<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3201"Times New Roman"'>{greater than}+{less than}</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3202"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3203
     3204<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3205"Times New Roman"'>Zooms out on the plot (demagnifies) along the horizontal (x)
     3206direction. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3207
     3208<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3209"Times New Roman"'>{up arrow}/{down arrow}</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3210"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3211
     3212<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3213"Times New Roman"'>Zooms in on the plot (magnifies) along the vertical (y)
     3214direction to show more details. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3215
     3216<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3217"Times New Roman"'>{down arrow}/{up arrow}</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3218"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3219
     3220<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3221"Times New Roman"'>Zooms out on the plot (demagnifies) along the vertical (y)
     3222direction. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3223
     3224<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>Below the toolbar may be a status
     3225bar that on the left may show either an instruction for a keyed input or a pull
     3226down selection of keyed input; on the right may be displayed position dependent
     3227information that is updated as the mouse is moved over the plot region.</p>
     3228
     3229<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3230style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    33303231
    33313232<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
     3233
     3234</span></div>
     3235
     3236<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3237style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     3238
    33323239<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
    33333240
    3334 <h2><a name="main_menu">4. Main GSAS-II menu commands</a></h2>
    3335 <OL style='margin-left:.5in'>
    3336   <LI>Menu <B>File</B>
    3337   <DL style='margin-left:.2in'>
    3338     <DT><b>Open project…</b>
    3339     <DD>Open a previously saved GSAS-II project file
    3340       ({project}.gpx). If you currently have a project file open, you
    3341       are asked if it is OK to overwrite it; Cancel will cancel the
    3342       read process.
    3343       <P>Note that as files are saved, copies of the previous version
    3344       are saved as backup files, named as {project}.bak{<i>i</i>}.gpx,
    3345       where <i>i</i> starts as 0 and is increased after each save
    3346       operation.
    3347       NB: you may open a backup .gpx file (e.g. name.bak3.gpx) to return
    3348       to a previous version of your project, but if you do so, it is
    3349       best to immediately use the <b'>Save As...</b> menu command (you
    3350       may wish to use name.gpx to overwrite the current version or
    3351       select a new name.) If you forget specify a project name, then
    3352       name.bak3 will be considered the project name and backups will
    3353       then be named name.bak3.bak0.gpx, etc.</p>
    3354     <DT><b>Save project</b>
    3355     <DD>Save the current project. If this is a new project that has not
    3356       yet been saved, you will be prompted for a new name in a file
    3357       dialog (you may optionally change the directory in that
    3358       dialog). If the file exists, you will be asked if it is OK to
    3359       overwrite it. Once a file name has been used to read or save a
    3360       project, the name is shown
    3361       after ‘Loaded Data:’ in the first item in the data tree.
    3362     <DT><b>Save Project as...</b>
    3363     <DD>Save the current project in a
    3364       specified project file. You will be prompted for a new name in a file
    3365       dialog (you may optionally change the directory in that
    3366       dialog). If the file exists, you will be asked if it is OK to
    3367       overwrite it.
    3368     <DT><b>New Project</b>
    3369     <DD>Discards any changes made to the current project since the
    3370       last save and creates a new empty project.
    3371     <DT><b>Preferences</b>
    3372     <DD>Provides access to GSAS-II configuration settings, as
    3373       described in the <a href=#Preferences>Configuration
    3374       Variables</a> section.
    3375     <DT><b>Quit</b>
    3376     <DD>Exit the GSAS-II program. Discards any changes made to the current project since the
    3377       last save. You can also exit GSAS-II by pressing the red X in
    3378       the upper right (Windows) or left (Mac).
    3379   </DL>
    3380 
    3381   <LI>Menu <B>Data</B>
    3382   <DL style='margin-left:.2in'>
    3383     <DT><b>Read Powder Pattern Peaks…</b>
    3384     <DD>Read in a list of powder pattern peak positions as either a
    3385       d-spacing table or a set of 2theta positions; these can be used
    3386       in GSAS-II powder pattern indexing.
    3387     <DT><b>Sum powder data</b>
    3388     <DD>Form the sum of
    3389 previously read powder patterns; each with a multiplier. Can be used to
    3390 accumulate data, subtract background or empty container patterns, etc. Patterns
    3391 used to form the sum must be of identical range and step size. Result is a new
    3392 PWDR entry in the GSAS-II data tree.
    3393     <DT><b>Sum image data</b>
    3394     <DD>Form the sum of previously
    3395 read 2-D images; each with a multiplier. Can be used to accumulate data,
    3396 subtract background or empty container patterns, etc. Images used to form the
    3397 sum must be of identical size and source. Result is a new IMG entry in the
    3398 GSAS-II data tree, and a GSAS-II image file is written for future use.
    3399     <DT><b>Add new phase </b>
    3400     <DD>This begins the creation of a new phase in the data tree
    3401       (under Phases). You are first prompted in a dialog box for a
    3402       name to be assigned to the new phase. Then the Phase/<a
    3403       href="#General">General</a></b> tab is opened for this phase,
    3404       where you should first select the phase type, the enter the
    3405       space group symbol and then the lattice parameters.
    3406       <BR>Note that nonstandard space group symbols are permitted;
    3407       space group names must have spaces between the axial fields
    3408       (e.g. use ‘P n a 21’ not ‘Pna21’).
    3409     <DT><b>Delete phase</b>
    3410     <DD>This will remove a phase from the data tree. A dialog box will
    3411       present the list of phases; pick one (or more) to delete.
    3412     <DT><b>Rename tree item</b>
    3413     <DD>Rename a histogram entry. This should only be done before the
    3414       histogram is used in any phases: e.g. only rename data
    3415       immediately after reading.
    3416     <DT><b>Delete tree item</b>
    3417     <DD>This will remove an item from the data tree. A dialog box with
    3418       a list of choices for histograms is presented. Be sure to remove
    3419       a histograms from all phases before deleting it from the tree.
    3420     <DT><b>Expand tree item</b>
    3421     <DD>This will show child entries for specified type of items
    3422   (Images, Powder patterns, etc.)</DD>
    3423     <DT><b>Move tree item</b>
    3424     <DD>Move classes of Tree items around in the tree. Individual
    3425   top-level tree items can be moved using the left mouse button.
    3426     </DD>
    3427 
    3428   </DL>
    3429 
    3430   <LI>Menu <B><A name="Calculate_menu">Calculate</A></B>
    3431   <DL style='margin-left:.2in'>
    3432     <DT><b>Setup PDFs</b>
    3433     <DD>This creates the pair distribution function (PDF) controls for
    3434   each powder pattern selected in the dialog box, but does not compute
    3435   the PDF, which must be done from <b><a
    3436   href="#PDF">PDF tree entries</a></b>. See <b><a
    3437   href="#PDF_Controls">PDF Controls</a></b> for information on the PDF
    3438   input.
    3439     <DT><b>View LS parms</b>
    3440     <DD>This shows a dialog box with all the parameters for your
    3441   project; those to be refined are flagged ‘True’, otherwise
    3442   ‘False’. Blanks indicate parameters that are not refinable. The
    3443   total number of refined parameters is also shown at the top of the
    3444   list. The value of each parameter is also given. The parameter names
    3445   are of the form ‘p:h:name:id’ where ‘p’ is the phase index, ‘h’ is
    3446   the histogram index and ‘id’ is the item index (if needed). Indexes
    3447   all begin with ‘0’ (zero).
    3448 <P>
    3449       Note that for atom positions, the coordinate values (named as
    3450   ‘p::A<i>w</i>:n’, where p is the phase number, n is the atom number
    3451   and <i>w</i> is x, y or z) is
    3452   not a refinable parameter, but the shift in the value is. The
    3453   refined parameters are ‘p::A<i>w</i>:n’.
    3454       The reason this is done is that by treating an atom
    3455   position as x+dx,y+dy,z+dz where the “d” values indicate shifts from
    3456   the starting position and the shifts
    3457   are refined rather than the x,y, or z values is that this simplifies
    3458   symmetry constraints. As an example, suppose we have an atom on
    3459   a symmetry constrained site, x,1/2-x,z. The process needed to define
    3460   this constraint, so
    3461   that if x moves positively y has to move negatively by the same
    3462   amount would be messy. With refinement of shifts, all we need to do is constrain dy (‘0::dAy:n’)
    3463   to be equal to -dx (-1*‘0::dAx:n’).
    3464       <P>
    3465       Press the window exit button to exit this dialog box.
    3466     <DT><b>Refine</b>
    3467     <DD>This performs the refinement (Pawley/Rietveld or single
    3468   crystal) according to the controls set in the <b><a
    3469   href="#Controls">Controls</a></b> data tree item.
    3470     <DT><b>Sequential refine</b>
    3471     <DD>This starts a sequential refinement with the data sets
    3472   selected in the <b><a href="#Controls">Controls</a></b> data tree
    3473   item.
    3474   </DL>
    3475  
    3476   <LI>Menu <B>Import</B>
    3477   <P>GSAS-II uses separate routines to read in information from external
    3478   files that can be created and customized easily. See the GSAS-II
    3479   Import Modules section of the <a
    3480   href=#Programmers><strong>Programmers documentation</strong></a> for
    3481   more information on this. Since it is easy to support new formats,
    3482   the documentation below may not list all supported formats.
    3483   <DL style='margin-left:.2in'>
    3484     <DT><b>Image</b>
    3485       <DD>Read in 2-D powder diffraction images (multiple
    3486   patterns can be selected).  A sub menu appears with choices for
    3487   import of data. Each entry when selected with the mouse shows
    3488   further submenus with specific imports that are available. Any of
    3489   these files can be accessed from a zip file. GSAS-II can read many
    3490   different image file formats including MAR345 files, Quantum ADSC
    3491   files, and tiff files from Perkin-Elmer, Pilatus, and GE. Although
    3492   many of these formats have data fields that should contain relevant information
    3493   for the exposure (e.g. wavelength), these are rarely filled in
    3494   correctly by the data acquisition software. Thus, you should have
    3495   separately noted this information as it will be needed
    3496     <DT><b>Phase</b>
    3497     <DD>Creates a new phase by reading unit cell/symmetry/atom
    3498   coordinate information. GSAS-II can read information from a number
    3499   of different format files including:
    3500       <DL>
    3501         <DT>GSAS .EXP
    3502         <DD>This reads one phase from a (old) GSAS experiment file
    3503   (name.EXP). The file name is found in a directory dialog; you can
    3504   change directories as needed. Only .EXP (or .exp) file names are
    3505   shown. If the selected file has more than one phase, a dialog is
    3506   shown with the choices; only one can be chosen. If you want more
    3507   than one, redo this command. After selecting a phase, a dialog box
    3508   is shown with the proposed phase name. You can change it if desired.
    3509         <DT>PDB file
    3510         <DD>This reads the macromolecular phase information from a
    3511           Protein Data Base file (name.PDB or name.ENT). The file name is
    3512           found in a directory dialog; you can change directories as
    3513           needed. Only .PDB (or .pdb) or .ENT (or .ent) file names are
    3514           shown. Be careful that the space group symbol on the ‘CRYST1’ record
    3515           in the PDB file follows the GSAS-II conventions (e.g. with spaces
    3516           between axial fields). A dialog box is shown with the proposed phase
    3517           name. You can change it if desired.
    3518         <DT>CIF file
    3519         <DD>This reads one phase from a Crystallographic Information
    3520   File ({name}.CIF (or .cif). The file name is found in a directory
    3521   dialog; you can change directories as needed. If the selected file
    3522   has more than one phase, a dialog is shown with the choices; only
    3523   one can be chosen. If you want more than one, redo this
    3524   command. After selecting a phase, a dialog box is shown with the
    3525   proposed phase name. You can change it if desired.
    3526         <DT>GSAS-II .gpx file
    3527         <DD>This reads one phase from a GSAS-II project file
    3528           ({name}.gpx). The file name is found in a directory dialog; you can
    3529           change directories as needed. If the selected file has more
    3530           than one phase, a dialog is shown with the choices; If you
    3531           want more than one, redo this command.
    3532           After selecting a phase, a dialog box is shown with the
    3533           proposed phase name. You can change it if desired.
    3534         <DT>guess format from file
    3535         <DD>This attempts to read one phase from a file trying the
    3536           formats as described above. On occasion, this command may
    3537           not succeed in correctly determining a file format. If it fails,
    3538           retry by selecting the correct format from the list.
    3539           </DL>     
    3540     <DT><b>Powder Data</b>
    3541     <DD>Reads a powder diffraction data set in a variety of
    3542   formats. Results are placed in the GSAS-II data tree as ‘PWDR file
    3543   name'. Information needed for processing a powder diffraction data
    3544   set, such as data type, calibration constants (such as wavelength)
    3545   and default profile parameters are read from a separate file, either
    3546   a (old) GSAS instrument parameter file (usually .prm, .ins or .inst
    3547   extension) or a new GSAS-II .instparm file.
    3548       <P>Note that it is possible to apply corrections to the 2-theta,
    3549   intensity or weight values by adding a Python command(s) to
    3550   the instrument (.instprm) parameter with a variable named
    3551   CorrectionCode. See the <tt>CorrectionCode.instprm.sample</tt> file
    3552   provided in the GSAS-II source directory for an example of how this
    3553   is done.
    3554       <DL>
    3555         <DT>CIF file
    3556         <DD>This reads one powder pattern (histogram) from a Crystallographic
    3557 Information File ({name}.CIF). The file name is found in a directory
    3558   dialog; you can change directories as needed. Only one .cif can be
    3559   chosen. If you want more than one, redo this command.
    3560         <DT>GSAS-II .gpx file
    3561         <DD>This reads powder patterns from a previously created
    3562   GSAS-II <span class=SpellE>gpx</span> project file. If the selected
    3563   file has more than one powder pattern, a dialog is shown with the
    3564   choices; one or more can be selected. It will ask for an appropriate
    3565   instrument parameter file to go with the selected powder data sets.
    3566          <DT>GSAS .fxye files
    3567          <DD>This reads powder patterns (histograms) from the defined GSAS
    3568 format powder data files. GSAS file types STD, ESD, FXY and FXYE are
    3569   recognized. Neutron TOF data with a ‘TIME-MAP’ are also
    3570   recognized. The file names are found in a directory dialog; you can
    3571   change directories as needed. If the selected files have more than
    3572   one powder pattern, a dialog is shown with the choice(s).
    3573          <DT>TOPAS .xye files.
    3574          <DD>This format is a simple 3-column (2-theta, intensity
    3575   &amp; sig) text file. The file names are found in a directory
    3576   dialog; you can change directories as needed. 
    3577         <DT>guess format from file
    3578         <DD>This attempts to read one data set from a file trying the
    3579           formats as described above. On occasion, this command may
    3580           not succeed in correctly determining a file format. If it fails,
    3581           retry by selecting the correct format from the list.
    3582       </DL>     
    3583     <DT><b>Structure Factor</b>
    3584     <DD>Reads single crystal input from a variety of file
    3585   types. Results are placed in the GSAS-II data tree as ‘HKLF file name’
    3586       <DL>
    3587         <DT>F**2 HKL file
    3588           <DD>This reads squared structure factors (as F**2) and sig(F**2) from a
    3589             SHELX format .hkl file. The file names are found in a
    3590   directory dialog; you can change directories as needed. You must
    3591   know the file contains structure factors (as F**2) as the file
    3592   itself has no internal indication of this.
    3593         <DT>F HKL file
    3594           <DD>This reads structure factors (as F) and sig(F) from a
    3595             SHELX format .hkl file. The file names are found in a
    3596   directory dialog; you can change directories as needed. You must
    3597   know the file contains structure factors (as F values) as the file
    3598   itself has no internal indication of this.
    3599          <DT>CIF file
    3600            <DD>This reads structure factors (as F**2 or F) and
    3601   sig(F**2 or F) from a .CIF (or .cif) or .FCF (or .fcf) format
    3602   file. The file names are found in a directory dialog; you can change
    3603   directories as needed. The internal structure of this file indicates
    3604   in which form the structure factors are used.
    3605         <DT>guess format from file
    3606         <DD>This attempts to read one data set from a file trying the
    3607           formats as described above. However, since it cannot be
    3608   determined if SHELX format .hkl contaings F or F**2 values, do not
    3609   use this command for those files. On occasion, this command may
    3610           not succeed in correctly determining a file format. If it fails,
    3611           retry by selecting the correct format from the list.
    3612       </DL>
    3613     <DT><b>Small Angle Data</b>
    3614     <DD>Reads small angle scattering data from files. At present these
    3615   formats are not documented; See the importer routines (file
    3616   <tt>.../GSASII/imports/G2sad_xye.py</tt>) for more details.
    3617   </DL>
    3618  
    3619   <LI>Menu <B>Export</B>
    3620   <P>GSAS-II uses separate routines to write out files with
    3621   information inside GSAS-II. These routines can be
    3622   created and customized easily. See the GSAS-II Export Modules
    3623   section of the <a href=#Programmers><strong>Programmers
    3624   documentation</strong></a> for more information on this. Since it is
    3625   easy to support new formats, the documentation below may not list
    3626   all supported formats.
    3627   <DL style='margin-left:.2in'>
    3628     <DT><b>Entire project as</b>
    3629     <DD>At present the only supported format for a project is a Full CIF
    3630   file. This brings up a separate window where information such as
    3631   ranges for bond distances and angles can be selected.
    3632     <DT><b>Phase as</b>
    3633     <DD>Phases can be exported in a variety of formats including a
    3634   simplified CIF file that contains only the unit cell, symmetry and
    3635   coordinates.
    3636     <DT><b>Powder data as</b>
    3637     <DD>Powder data can be exported in number of formats. Note that
    3638   this menu can also be used to export reflection lists from Rietveld
    3639   and Pawley fits.
    3640     <DT><b>Single crystal data as</b>
    3641     <DD>Single crystal reflection lists can be exported as text files
    3642   or as a simplified CIF file that contains only structure factors.
    3643     <DT><b>Image data</b>
    3644     <DD>This exports selected images as a portable networks graphics format
    3645   (PNG) file. Alternately, the image controls and masks can be written
    3646   for selected images. If strain analysis has been performed on
    3647   images, the results can also be exported here as a spreadsheet
    3648   (.csv file).
    3649     <DT><b>Maps as </b>
    3650     <DD>Fourier maps can be exported here.
    3651     <DT><b>Export all Peak Lists...</b>
    3652     <DD>This allows peak lists from selected powder histograms to be written
    3653   to a simple text file. There will be a heading for each PWDR GSAS-II
    3654   tree item and columns of values for position, intensity, sigma and
    3655   gamma follow.
    3656     <DT><b>Export HKLs</b>
    3657     <DD>This allows single crystal reflection lists from selected
    3658   histograms to be written to a file.
    3659     <DT><b>Export PDF...</b>
    3660     <DD>This allows computed PDFs peak lists from selected histograms
    3661       to be written as two simple text files, {name}.gr and {name}.sq,
    3662   containing g(r) and s(q), respectively as 2 columns of data; a
    3663   header on each indicated the source file name and the column
    3664   headings. The file name comes from the PDF entry in the GSAS-II data tree.
    3665   </DL>
    3666 </OL>
     3241</span></div>
     3242
     3243<h2><a name="main_menu"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>4.
     3244Main GSAS-II menu commands</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
     3245
     3246<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     3247margin-left:.7in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3248style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
     3249style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     3250style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu <b>File</b> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3251
     3252<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3253"Times New Roman"'>Open project…</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3254"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3255
     3256<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3257"Times New Roman"'>Open a previously saved GSAS-II project file ({project}.gpx).
     3258If you currently have a project file open, you are asked if it is OK to
     3259overwrite it; Cancel will cancel the read process. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3260
     3261<p style='margin-left:.5in'>Note that as files are saved, copies of the
     3262previous version are saved as backup files, named as {project}.bak{<i>i</i>}.gpx,
     3263where <i>i</i> starts as 0 and is increased after each save operation. NB: you
     3264may open a backup .gpx file (e.g. name.bak3.gpx) to return to a previous
     3265version of your project, but if you do so, it is best to immediately use the <b'>Save
     3266As... menu command (you may wish to use name.gpx to overwrite the current
     3267version or select a new name.) If you forget specify a project name, then
     3268name.bak3 will be considered the project name and backups will then be named
     3269name.bak3.bak0.gpx, etc.</p>
     3270
     3271<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3272"Times New Roman"'>Save project</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3273"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3274
     3275<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3276"Times New Roman"'>Save the current project. If this is a new project that has
     3277not yet been saved, you will be prompted for a new name in a file dialog (you
     3278may optionally change the directory in that dialog). If the file exists, you
     3279will be asked if it is OK to overwrite it. Once a file name has been used to
     3280read or save a project, the name is shown after ‘Loaded Data:’ in the first
     3281item in the data tree. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3282
     3283<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3284"Times New Roman"'>Save Project as...</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3285"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3286
     3287<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3288"Times New Roman"'>Save the current project in a specified project file. You
     3289will be prompted for a new name in a file dialog (you may optionally change the
     3290directory in that dialog). If the file exists, you will be asked if it is OK to
     3291overwrite it. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3292
     3293<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3294"Times New Roman"'>New Project</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3295"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3296
     3297<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3298"Times New Roman"'>Discards any changes made to the current project since the
     3299last save and creates a new empty project. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3300
     3301<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3302"Times New Roman"'>Preferences</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3303"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3304
     3305<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3306"Times New Roman"'>Provides access to GSAS-II configuration settings, as
     3307described in the <a href="#Preferences">Configuration Variables</a> section. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3308
     3309<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3310"Times New Roman"'>Quit</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     3311<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3312
     3313<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3314"Times New Roman"'>Exit the GSAS-II program. Discards any changes made to the
     3315current project since the last save. You can also exit GSAS-II by pressing the
     3316red X in the upper right (Windows) or left (Mac). <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3317
     3318<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     3319margin-left:.7in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3320style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
     3321style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     3322style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu <b>Data</b> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3323
     3324<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3325"Times New Roman"'>Read Powder Pattern Peaks…</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3326"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3327
     3328<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3329"Times New Roman"'>Read in a list of powder pattern peak positions as either a
     3330d-spacing table or a set of 2theta positions; these can be used in GSAS-II
     3331powder pattern indexing. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3332
     3333<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3334"Times New Roman"'>Sum powder data</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3335"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3336
     3337<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3338"Times New Roman"'>Form the sum of previously read powder patterns; each with a
     3339multiplier. Can be used to accumulate data, subtract background or empty
     3340container patterns, etc. Patterns used to form the sum must be of identical
     3341range and step size. Result is a new PWDR entry in the GSAS-II data tree. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3342
     3343<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3344"Times New Roman"'>Sum image data</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3345"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3346
     3347<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3348"Times New Roman"'>Form the sum of previously read 2-D images; each with a
     3349multiplier. Can be used to accumulate data, subtract background or empty
     3350container patterns, etc. Images used to form the sum must be of identical size
     3351and source. Result is a new IMG entry in the GSAS-II data tree, and a GSAS-II
     3352image file is written for future use. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3353
     3354<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3355"Times New Roman"'>Add new phase </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3356"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3357
     3358<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3359"Times New Roman"'>This begins the creation of a new phase in the data tree
     3360(under Phases). You are first prompted in a dialog box for a name to be
     3361assigned to the new phase. Then the Phase/<a href="#General">General</a> tab is
     3362opened for this phase, where you should first select the phase type, the enter
     3363the space group symbol and then the lattice parameters. <br>
     3364Note that nonstandard space group symbols are permitted; space group names must
     3365have spaces between the axial fields (e.g. use ‘P n a 21’ not ‘Pna21’). <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3366
     3367<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3368"Times New Roman"'>Delete phase</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3369"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3370
     3371<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3372"Times New Roman"'>This will remove a phase from the data tree. A dialog box
     3373will present the list of phases; pick one (or more) to delete. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3374
     3375<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3376"Times New Roman"'>Rename tree item</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3377"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3378
     3379<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3380"Times New Roman"'>Rename a histogram entry. This should only be done before
     3381the histogram is used in any phases: e.g. only rename data immediately after
     3382reading. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3383
     3384<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3385"Times New Roman"'>Delete tree item</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3386"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3387
     3388<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3389"Times New Roman"'>This will remove an item from the data tree. A dialog box
     3390with a list of choices for histograms is presented. Be sure to remove a
     3391histograms from all phases before deleting it from the tree. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3392
     3393<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3394"Times New Roman"'>Expand tree item</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3395"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3396
     3397<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3398"Times New Roman"'>This will show child entries for specified type of items
     3399(Images, Powder patterns, etc.)<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3400
     3401<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3402"Times New Roman"'>Move tree item</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3403"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3404
     3405<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3406"Times New Roman"'>Move classes of Tree items around in the tree. Individual
     3407top-level tree items can be moved using the left mouse button. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3408
     3409<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     3410margin-left:.7in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3411style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
     3412style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     3413style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu <a name="Calculate_menu"><b>Calculate</b></a>
     3414<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3415
     3416<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3417"Times New Roman"'>Setup PDFs</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3418"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3419
     3420<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3421"Times New Roman"'>This creates the pair distribution function (PDF) controls
     3422for each powder pattern selected in the dialog box, but does not compute the
     3423PDF, which must be done from <b><a href="#PDF">PDF tree entries</a></b>. See <b><a
     3424href="#PDF_Controls">PDF Controls</a></b> for information on the PDF input. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3425
     3426<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3427"Times New Roman"'>View LS parms</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3428"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3429
     3430<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3431"Times New Roman"'>This shows a dialog box with all the parameters for your
     3432project; those to be refined are flagged ‘True’, otherwise ‘False’. Blanks
     3433indicate parameters that are not refinable. The total number of refined parameters
     3434is also shown at the top of the list. The value of each parameter is also
     3435given. The parameter names are of the form ‘p:h:name:id’ where ‘p’ is the phase
     3436index, ‘h’ is the histogram index and ‘id’ is the item index (if needed).
     3437Indexes all begin with ‘0’ (zero). <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3438
     3439<p style='margin-left:.5in'>Note that for atom positions, the coordinate values
     3440(named as ‘p::A<i>w</i>:n’, where p is the phase number, n is the atom number
     3441and <i>w</i> is x, y or z) is not a refinable parameter, but the shift in the
     3442value is. The refined parameters are ‘p::A<i>w</i>:n’. The reason this is done
     3443is that by treating an atom position as x+dx,y+dy,z+dz where the “d” values
     3444indicate shifts from the starting position and the shifts are refined rather
     3445than the x,y, or z values is that this simplifies symmetry constraints. As an example,
     3446suppose we have an atom on a symmetry constrained site, x,1/2-x,z. The process
     3447needed to define this constraint, so that if x moves positively y has to move
     3448negatively by the same amount would be messy. With refinement of shifts, all we
     3449need to do is constrain dy (‘0::dAy:n’) to be equal to -dx (-1*‘0::dAx:n’). </p>
     3450
     3451<p style='margin-left:.5in'>Press the window exit button to exit this dialog
     3452box. </p>
     3453
     3454<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3455"Times New Roman"'>Refine</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     3456<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3457
     3458<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3459"Times New Roman"'>This performs the refinement (Pawley/Rietveld or single
     3460crystal) according to the controls set in the <b><a href="#Controls">Controls</a></b>
     3461data tree item. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3462
     3463<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3464"Times New Roman"'>Sequential refine</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3465"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3466
     3467<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3468"Times New Roman"'>This starts a sequential refinement with the data sets
     3469selected in the <b><a href="#Controls">Controls</a></b> data tree item. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3470
     3471<ol start=4 type=1>
     3472 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     3473     mso-list:l9 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3474     "Times New Roman"'>Menu <b>Import</b> <o:p></o:p></span></li>
     3475</ol>
     3476
     3477<p style='margin-left:.5in'>GSAS-II uses separate routines to read in
     3478information from external files that can be created and customized easily. See
     3479the GSAS-II Import Modules section of the <a href="#Programmers"><strong>Programmers
     3480documentation</strong></a> for more information on this. Since it is easy to
     3481support new formats, the documentation below may not list all supported
     3482formats. </p>
     3483
     3484<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3485"Times New Roman"'>Image</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     3486<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3487
     3488<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3489"Times New Roman"'>Read in 2-D powder diffraction images (multiple patterns can
     3490be selected). A sub menu appears with choices for import of data. Each entry
     3491when selected with the mouse shows further submenus with specific imports that
     3492are available. Any of these files can be accessed from a zip file. GSAS-II can
     3493read many different image file formats including MAR345 files, Quantum ADSC
     3494files, and tiff files from Perkin-Elmer, Pilatus, and GE. Although many of
     3495these formats have data fields that should contain relevant information for the
     3496exposure (e.g. wavelength), these are rarely filled in correctly by the data
     3497acquisition software. Thus, you should have separately noted this information
     3498as it will be needed <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3499
     3500<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3501"Times New Roman"'>Phase</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     3502<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3503
     3504<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3505"Times New Roman"'>Creates a new phase by reading unit cell/symmetry/atom
     3506coordinate information. GSAS-II can read information from a number of different
     3507format files including: <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3508
     3509<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3510"Times New Roman"'>GSAS .EXP <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3511
     3512<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3513"Times New Roman"'>This reads one phase from a (old) GSAS experiment file
     3514(name.EXP). The file name is found in a directory dialog; you can change
     3515directories as needed. Only .EXP (or .exp) file names are shown. If the
     3516selected file has more than one phase, a dialog is shown with the choices; only
     3517one can be chosen. If you want more than one, redo this command. After
     3518selecting a phase, a dialog box is shown with the proposed phase name. You can
     3519change it if desired. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3520
     3521<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3522"Times New Roman"'>PDB file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3523
     3524<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3525"Times New Roman"'>This reads the macromolecular phase information from a
     3526Protein Data Base file (name.PDB or name.ENT). The file name is found in a
     3527directory dialog; you can change directories as needed. Only .PDB (or .pdb) or
     3528.ENT (or .ent) file names are shown. Be careful that the space group symbol on
     3529the ‘CRYST1’ record in the PDB file follows the GSAS-II conventions (e.g. with
     3530spaces between axial fields). A dialog box is shown with the proposed phase
     3531name. You can change it if desired. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3532
     3533<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3534"Times New Roman"'>CIF file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3535
     3536<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3537"Times New Roman"'>This reads one phase from a Crystallographic Information
     3538File ({name}.CIF (or .cif). The file name is found in a directory dialog; you
     3539can change directories as needed. If the selected file has more than one phase,
     3540a dialog is shown with the choices; only one can be chosen. If you want more
     3541than one, redo this command. After selecting a phase, a dialog box is shown
     3542with the proposed phase name. You can change it if desired. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3543
     3544<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3545"Times New Roman"'>GSAS-II .gpx file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3546
     3547<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3548"Times New Roman"'>This reads one phase from a GSAS-II project file
     3549({name}.gpx). The file name is found in a directory dialog; you can change
     3550directories as needed. If the selected file has more than one phase, a dialog
     3551is shown with the choices; If you want more than one, redo this command. After
     3552selecting a phase, a dialog box is shown with the proposed phase name. You can
     3553change it if desired. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3554
     3555<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3556"Times New Roman"'>guess format from file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3557
     3558<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3559"Times New Roman"'>This attempts to read one phase from a file trying the
     3560formats as described above. On occasion, this command may not succeed in
     3561correctly determining a file format. If it fails, retry by selecting the
     3562correct format from the list. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3563
     3564<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3565"Times New Roman"'>Powder Data</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3566"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3567
     3568<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3569"Times New Roman"'>Reads a powder diffraction data set in a variety of formats.
     3570Results are placed in the GSAS-II data tree as ‘PWDR file name'. Information
     3571needed for processing a powder diffraction data set, such as data type,
     3572calibration constants (such as wavelength) and default profile parameters are
     3573read from a separate file, either a (old) GSAS instrument parameter file
     3574(usually .prm, .ins or .inst extension) or a new GSAS-II .instparm file. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3575
     3576<p style='margin-left:.5in'>Note that it is possible to apply corrections to
     3577the 2-theta, intensity or weight values by adding a Python command(s) to the
     3578instrument (.instprm) parameter with a variable named CorrectionCode. See the <tt><span
     3579style='font-size:10.0pt'>CorrectionCode.instprm.sample</span></tt> file
     3580provided in the GSAS-II source directory for an example of how this is done. </p>
     3581
     3582<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3583"Times New Roman"'>CIF file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3584
     3585<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3586"Times New Roman"'>This reads one powder pattern (histogram) from a
     3587Crystallographic Information File ({name}.CIF). The file name is found in a
     3588directory dialog; you can change directories as needed. Only one .cif can be
     3589chosen. If you want more than one, redo this command. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3590
     3591<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3592"Times New Roman"'>GSAS-II .gpx file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3593
     3594<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3595"Times New Roman"'>This reads powder patterns from a previously created GSAS-II
     3596gpx project file. If the selected file has more than one powder pattern, a
     3597dialog is shown with the choices; one or more can be selected. It will ask for
     3598an appropriate instrument parameter file to go with the selected powder data
     3599sets. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3600
     3601<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3602"Times New Roman"'>GSAS .fxye files <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3603
     3604<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3605"Times New Roman"'>This reads powder patterns (histograms) from the defined
     3606GSAS format powder data files. GSAS file types STD, ESD, FXY and FXYE are
     3607recognized. Neutron TOF data with a ‘TIME-MAP’ are also recognized. The file
     3608names are found in a directory dialog; you can change directories as needed. If
     3609the selected files have more than one powder pattern, a dialog is shown with
     3610the choice(s). <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3611
     3612<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3613"Times New Roman"'>TOPAS .xye files. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3614
     3615<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3616"Times New Roman"'>This format is a simple 3-column (2-theta, intensity &amp;
     3617sig) text file. The file names are found in a directory dialog; you can change
     3618directories as needed. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3619
     3620<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3621"Times New Roman"'>guess format from file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3622
     3623<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3624"Times New Roman"'>This attempts to read one data set from a file trying the
     3625formats as described above. On occasion, this command may not succeed in
     3626correctly determining a file format. If it fails, retry by selecting the
     3627correct format from the list. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3628
     3629<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3630"Times New Roman"'>Structure Factor</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3631"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3632
     3633<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3634"Times New Roman"'>Reads single crystal input from a variety of file types.
     3635Results are placed in the GSAS-II data tree as ‘HKLF file name’ <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3636
     3637<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3638"Times New Roman"'>F**2 HKL file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3639
     3640<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3641"Times New Roman"'>This reads squared structure factors (as F**2) and sig(F**2)
     3642from a SHELX format .hkl file. The file names are found in a directory dialog;
     3643you can change directories as needed. You must know the file contains structure
     3644factors (as F**2) as the file itself has no internal indication of this. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3645
     3646<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3647"Times New Roman"'>F HKL file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3648
     3649<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3650"Times New Roman"'>This reads structure factors (as F) and sig(F) from a SHELX
     3651format .hkl file. The file names are found in a directory dialog; you can
     3652change directories as needed. You must know the file contains structure factors
     3653(as F values) as the file itself has no internal indication of this. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3654
     3655<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3656"Times New Roman"'>CIF file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3657
     3658<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3659"Times New Roman"'>This reads structure factors (as F**2 or F) and sig(F**2 or
     3660F) from a .CIF (or .cif) or .FCF (or .fcf) format file. The file names are
     3661found in a directory dialog; you can change directories as needed. The internal
     3662structure of this file indicates in which form the structure factors are used. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3663
     3664<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3665"Times New Roman"'>guess format from file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3666
     3667<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3668"Times New Roman"'>This attempts to read one data set from a file trying the
     3669formats as described above. However, since it cannot be determined if SHELX
     3670format .hkl contaings F or F**2 values, do not use this command for those
     3671files. On occasion, this command may not succeed in correctly determining a
     3672file format. If it fails, retry by selecting the correct format from the list. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3673
     3674<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3675"Times New Roman"'>Small Angle Data</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3676"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3677
     3678<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3679"Times New Roman"'>Reads small angle scattering data from files. At present
     3680these formats are not documented; See the importer routines (file </span><tt><span
     3681style='font-size:10.0pt'>.../GSASII/imports/G2sad_xye.py</span></tt><span
     3682style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>) for more details. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3683
     3684<ol start=5 type=1>
     3685 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     3686     mso-list:l9 level1 lfo2;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3687     "Times New Roman"'>Menu <b>Export</b> <o:p></o:p></span></li>
     3688</ol>
     3689
     3690<p style='margin-left:.5in'>GSAS-II uses separate routines to write out files
     3691with information inside GSAS-II. These routines can be created and customized
     3692easily. See the GSAS-II Export Modules section of the <a href="#Programmers"><strong>Programmers
     3693documentation</strong></a> for more information on this. Since it is easy to
     3694support new formats, the documentation below may not list all supported
     3695formats. </p>
     3696
     3697<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3698"Times New Roman"'>Entire project as</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3699"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3700
     3701<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3702"Times New Roman"'>At present the only supported format for a project is a Full
     3703CIF file. This brings up a separate window where information such as ranges for
     3704bond distances and angles can be selected. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3705
     3706<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3707"Times New Roman"'>Phase as</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3708"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3709
     3710<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3711"Times New Roman"'>Phases can be exported in a variety of formats including a
     3712simplified CIF file that contains only the unit cell, symmetry and coordinates.
     3713<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3714
     3715<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3716"Times New Roman"'>Powder data as</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3717"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3718
     3719<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3720"Times New Roman"'>Powder data can be exported in number of formats. Note that
     3721this menu can also be used to export reflection lists from Rietveld and Pawley
     3722fits. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3723
     3724<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3725"Times New Roman"'>Single crystal data as</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3726"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3727
     3728<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3729"Times New Roman"'>Single crystal reflection lists can be exported as text
     3730files or as a simplified CIF file that contains only structure factors. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3731
     3732<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3733"Times New Roman"'>Image data</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3734"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3735
     3736<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3737"Times New Roman"'>This exports selected images as a portable networks graphics
     3738format (PNG) file. Alternately, the image controls and masks can be written for
     3739selected images. If strain analysis has been performed on images, the results
     3740can also be exported here as a spreadsheet (.csv file). <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3741
     3742<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3743"Times New Roman"'>Maps as </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3744"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3745
     3746<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3747"Times New Roman"'>Fourier maps can be exported here. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3748
     3749<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3750"Times New Roman"'>Export all Peak Lists...</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3751"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3752
     3753<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3754"Times New Roman"'>This allows peak lists from selected powder histograms to be
     3755written to a simple text file. There will be a heading for each PWDR GSAS-II
     3756tree item and columns of values for position, intensity, sigma and gamma
     3757follow. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3758
     3759<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3760"Times New Roman"'>Export HKLs</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3761"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3762
     3763<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3764"Times New Roman"'>This allows single crystal reflection lists from selected
     3765histograms to be written to a file. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3766
     3767<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.7in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3768"Times New Roman"'>Export PDF...</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3769"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3770
     3771<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3772"Times New Roman"'>This allows computed PDFs peak lists from selected
     3773histograms to be written as two simple text files, {name}.gr and {name}.sq,
     3774containing g(r) and s(q), respectively as 2 columns of data; a header on each
     3775indicated the source file name and the column headings. The file name comes
     3776from the PDF entry in the GSAS-II data tree. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3777
     3778<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3779style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    36673780
    36683781<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
     3782
     3783</span></div>
     3784
     3785<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     3786style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     3787
    36693788<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
    36703789
    3671 <h2><a name="Data_tree_items">5. GSAS-II data tree items</a></h2>
    3672 
    3673 <h4 style='margin-left:0.25in'><a name="Notebook">Notebook</a></h4>
     3790</span></div>
     3791
     3792<h2><a name="Data_tree_items"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>5.
     3793GSAS-II data tree items</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
     3794
     3795<h4 style='margin-left:.25in'><a name=Notebook>Notebook</a></h4>
    36743796
    36753797<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    36763798"Times New Roman"'>This window provides a place for you to enter whatever text
    36773799commentary you wish. Each time you enter this window, a date/time entry is
    3678 provided for you. A possibly useful technique is to select a portion of the <span
    3679 class=SpellE>project.lst</span> file after a refinement completes (it will
    3680 contain refinement results with residuals, new values &amp; <span class=SpellE>esds</span>)
    3681 and paste it into this Notebook window so it becomes a part of your project
    3682 file.</span>
    3683 
    3684 <h5 style='margin-left:.5in'><span
    3685 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    3686 What can I do here?</span></h5>
    3687 <P style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3688 Use the notebook to keep track of information related to how you use
    3689 GSAS-II. </P>
    3690 
    3691 <h4 style='margin-left:0.25in'><a name="Controls"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3800provided for you. A possibly useful technique is to select a portion of the
     3801project.lst file after a refinement completes (it will contain refinement
     3802results with residuals, new values &amp; esds) and paste it into this Notebook
     3803window so it becomes a part of your project file.</span> </p>
     3804
     3805<h5 style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
     3806can I do here?</span></h5>
     3807
     3808<p style='margin-left:1.0in'>Use the notebook to keep track of information
     3809related to how you use GSAS-II. </p>
     3810
     3811<h4 style='margin-left:.25in'><a name=Controls><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    36923812"Times New Roman"'>Controls</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    36933813"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
    36943814
    36953815<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    3696 "Times New Roman"'>This window provides access to the controls that
    3697 determine how GSAS-II performs minimizations as well as few
    3698 global parameters for GSAS-II. Note that many other customization
    3699 settings are set as <A Href=#Preferences>configuration variables</a>
    3700 in the Preferences menu. (See the
    3701 <a
    3702 href="https://gsas-ii.readthedocs.io/en/latest/GSASIIutil.html#module-config_example">
    3703 Programmer's documentation</a> for a description of those.)
    3704 </P>
    3705 
    3706 <p style='margin-left:0.75in'><U>Refinement Controls:</u><i> These
    3707 controls determine how refinements are performed. The first determines
    3708 the computational engine used to minimize the structure.
    3709 </i></p>
    3710 
    3711 <A name="RefineType"></A>
    3712 <DL style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3713   <DT><B>Refinement type</B></DT>
    3714   <DD>This determines how refinements are performed. The choices
    3715     are:</DD>
    3716     <UL style='margin-left:0.25in'>
    3717       <LI><U>analytic Hessian</U>: This is the default option and is usually
    3718       the most useful. It uses a custom-developed least-squares
    3719       minimizer that uses singular-value decomposition (SVD) to reduce the
    3720       errors caused by correlated variables and the
    3721       Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm to up-weight diagonal
    3722       Hessian terms when refinements fail to lower χ<sup>2</sup>.
    3723       <LI><u>analytic Jacobian</u>: This uses a numpy-provided <I>leastsq</I>
    3724       minimizer, which not applicable for
    3725       problem with a large number of histograms as it requires
    3726       much more memory than the Hessian routines. This because it
    3727       creates a Jacobian matrix that is shaped N x M (N parameters x M
    3728       observations) while the Hessian methods create a Jacobian matrix
    3729       only each histogram.
    3730       <LI><u>numeric</u>: This also uses the numpy <I>leastsq</I>
    3731       minimizer, and is also not applicable for larger
    3732       problems. Unlike, the "analytic Jacobian", numerical derivatives
    3733       are computed rather than use the analytical derivatives
    3734       that are coded directly into GSAS-II. This will be slower than
    3735       the analytical derivatives and will is often less accurate which
    3736       results in slower convergence. It is
    3737       typically used for code development to check the accuracy of the
    3738       analytical derivative formulations.
    3739       <LI><u>Hessian SVD</u>: This is very similar to <U>analytic
    3740       Hessian</U> but does not include the Levenberg-Marquardt
    3741       algorithm. It can be faster, but is more prone to
    3742       diverge when severe correlation is present. It is possible that
    3743       it might be better for single-crystal refinements.
    3744     </UL>
    3745 <p style='margin-left:0.25in'>
    3746 Note that the Jacobian refinement tools are the Fortran
    3747 MINPACK <I>lmdif</I > and <I>lmder</I> algorithms wrapped in python as
    3748 provided in the <span class=SpellE>Scipy</span> package. The
    3749 Hessian routines are were developed for GSAS-II based on routines in
    3750 numpy and scipy and using the material in Numerical Recipes (Press, Flannery, <span class=SpellE>Teulosky</span>
    3751 &amp; <span class=SpellE>Vetterling</span>) for the <span
    3752 class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt.
    3753 The purpose is to </span>minimize
    3754 the sum of the squares of M<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    3755 nonlinear functions in N variables by a modification of the <span class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt
    3756 algorithm. The <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span>
    3757 routines were written by </span>Burton S. <span class=SpellE>Garbow</span>,
    3758 Kenneth E. <span class=SpellE>Hillstrom</span>, Jorge J. More (Argonne National
    3759 Laboratory, 1980).
    3760 </p>
    3761   <DT><B>Min delta-M/M</B></DT>
    3762   <DD>A refinement will stop when the change in the minimization function
    3763     (M=Σ[w(Io-Ic)<sup>2</sup>])
    3764     is less than this value.  The allowed range is 10<sup>-9</sup> to
    3765     1.0, with a default of 0.001. A value of
    3766     1.0 stops the refinement after a single cycle. Values less than
    3767     10<sup>-4</sup> cause refinements to continue even if there is
    3768     no meaningful improvement.
    3769   </DD><P></P>
    3770   <DT><B>Max cycles</B></DT>
    3771   <DD>This determines the maximum number of refinement cycles that
    3772     will be performed. This is only available with the "Hessian" minimizers.</DD><P></P>
    3773   <DT><B>Initial lambda</B></DT>
    3774   <DD>Note that here λ is the Marquardt coefficient, where a weight of
    3775     1+λ is applied to the diagonal elements of the Hessian. When λ is
    3776     large, this down-weights the significance of the off-diagonal terms in the
    3777     Hessian. Thus, when λ is large, the refinement is effectively one of
    3778     steepest-descents, where correlation between variables is
    3779     ignored. Note that steepest-descents minimization is typically
    3780     slow and may not always find the local minimum.
    3781     This is only available with the "analytical Hessian" minimizer.
    3782   </DD><P></P>
    3783   <DT><B>SVD zero tolerance</B></DT>
    3784   <DD>This determines the level where SVD considers values to be the
    3785     same. Default is 10<sup>-6</sup>. Make larger to where problems occur due to correlation. This is only available with the "Hessian" minimizers.
    3786   </DD><P></P>
    3787   <DT><B>Initial shift factor</B></DT>
    3788   <DD>A “damping multiplier” applied during the first refinement
    3789     cycle, for Jacobean/numeric refinements only.
    3790     Should be in interval (0.1, 100). See the
    3791     <A href="https://docs.scipy.org/doc/scipy/reference/generated/scipy.optimize.leastsq.html">SciPy leastsq docs</A>
    3792     for more information.
    3793   </DD><P></P>
    3794 </DL>
    3795   <A name="SingleXtlSettings"></A>
    3796 <p style='margin-left:0.75in'><U>Single Crystal:</u><i> A set of controls is provided for
    3797 control of single-crystal refinements.
    3798 These only appear when single crystal (HKLF) histograms are present
    3799 in the project. </i>
    3800 </p>
    3801 <DL style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3802   <DT><B>Refine HKLF as F^2?</B></DT>
    3803   <DD>When checked, refinements are against F<sup>2</sup> rather than
    3804     |F|.
    3805   </DD><P></P>
    3806   <DT><B>Min obs/sig</B></DT>
    3807   <DD>Conventional cutoff for single crystal refinements as to what reflections
    3808     should be considered observed, typical values are 2.0 (2σ) or 3.0 (3σ).
    3809   </DD><P></P>
    3810   <DT><B>Min extinct.</B></DT>
    3811   <DD>(needs further work)
    3812   </DD><P></P>
    3813   <DT><B>Max delt-F/sig</B></DT>
    3814   <DD>Removes reflections that are very poorly fit. Should be used
    3815     only with extreme care, since poorly-fit reflections could be an
    3816     indication that the structure is wrong.
    3817   </DD><P></P>
    3818   <DT><B>Max d-spacing</B></DT>
    3819   <DD>Reflections with d-space values larger than this value are ignored.
    3820   </DD><P></P>
    3821   <DT><B>Min d-spacing</B></DT>
    3822   <DD>Reflections with d-space values smaller than this value are ignored.
    3823   </DD><P></P>
    3824  
    3825 </DL>
    3826 
    3827   <A name="SequentialSettings"></A>
    3828 <p style='margin-left:0.75in'><U>Sequential Settings:</u><i>
    3829 A set of controls is for
    3830 sequential refinement. Settings here determine if a "normal" or "sequential"
    3831 refinement is performed. If no datasets are selected here, then all
    3832 histograms linked to phases in the project and that are flagged as
    3833 "used" are included in one potentially large (combined)
    3834 refinement. However, if any
    3835 number of histograms are selected here, then a
    3836 sequential refinement is performed, where a fit is made to the
    3837 structural model(s) fitting each selected
    3838 histogram in turn. Only the first item below is shown in "normal" mode. </i>
    3839 </p>
    3840 <DL style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3841   <DT><B>Select datasets/Reselect Datasets</B></DT>
    3842   <DD>This brings up a menu where histograms can be selected, which
    3843     potentially switches between a normal and a sequential refinement.
    3844     If one or more histograms are selected, a sequential
    3845     refinement is used. If none are selected, then the refinement be
    3846     set as "normal". The button is labeled "Select" when in normal refinement
    3847     mode and "Reselect" in sequential refinement mode.
    3848     </DD><P></P>
    3849   <DT><B>Reverse order?</B></DT>
    3850   <DD>Normally, in a sequential histograms are fit in the order they
    3851     are in the data tree (which can be reordered by dragging tree
    3852     items),
    3853     but when this option is selected, the sequential fit is performed
    3854     with the last tree entry first.
    3855   </DD><P></P>
    3856   <DT><B>Copy results to next histogram?</B></DT>
    3857   <DD>When this option is selected, the fitted parameters from each
    3858     refinement are copied to the next histogram, so that the starting
    3859     point for each refinement will be the results from fitting the
    3860     previous. This works well for parametric experiments where
    3861     parameters such as the lattice parameters change gradually over
    3862     the course of successive measurements.
    3863     This option is usually used only for the initial refinement after
    3864     a sequential fit is started and the setting is reset once that
    3865     refinement is completed. For subsequent refinements, it is usually
    3866     better to start with the results from the previous fit.
    3867   </DD><P></P>
    3868   <DT><B>Clear previous seq. results</B></DT>
    3869   <DD>When this button is pressed, the "Sequential Results" entry
    3870     with the results from the last sequential fit is deleted from the
    3871     tree.
    3872   </DD><P></P>
    3873 </DL>
    3874 <p style='margin-left:0.75in'><U>Global Settings:</u><i>
    3875 This is a location for parameters that apply to an entire project.
    3876 At present there is only one. </i>
    3877 </p>
    3878 <DL style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3879   <DT><B>CIF Author</B></DT>
    3880   <DD>The value provided here is used when creating a CIF of an
    3881     entire project.
    3882   </DD><P></P>
    3883 </DL>
    3884 
    3885 <h5 style='margin-left:.5in'><span
    3886 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    3887 What can I do here?</span></h5>
    3888 <p style='margin-left:0.75in'>This offers a place to change how
    3889 GSAS-II performs refinements, but has no specific menu commands or
    3890 graphics.
    3891 </p>
    3892 
    3893 <h4 style='margin-left:0.25in'><a
    3894 name="Covariance">Covariance<a></h4>
    3895 
    3896 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>
    3897 This window contains final residual information; the GSASII
    3898 Plots window ‘Covariance’ shows a graphical
    3899 representation of the variance-covariance matrix. A text window is
    3900 displayed with statistical values and goodness of fit parameters.
    3901 </p>
    3902 
    3903 <h5 style='margin-left:.5in'>
    3904 What is plotted here?</h5>
    3905 <P style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3906 The variance-covariance matrix as a color coded array is shown on this
    3907 page. The color bar to the right shows the range of covariances (-1 to
    3908 1) and corresponding colors. The parameter names are to the right and
    3909 the parameter numbers are below the plot.
    3910 </P>
    3911 
    3912 <h5 style='margin-left:.5in'>
    3913 What can I do with the plot?</h5>
    3914 
    3915 <P style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3916 Move the mouse cursor across the plot. If on a diagonal cell, the parameter name,
    3917 value and esd is shown both as a tool tip and in the right hand portion of the
    3918 status bar. If the cursor is off the diagonal, the two parameter names and
    3919 their covariance are shown in the tool tip and the status bar.
    3920 </P>
    3921 <P style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3922 Use the Zoom and Pan buttons to focus on some
    3923 section of the variance-covariance matrix.
    3924 </p>
    3925 
    3926 <P style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3927 Press
    3928 ‘s’ – A color scheme selection dialog is shown. Select a color scheme and press
    3929 OK, the new color scheme will be plotted. The default is ‘RdYlGn’.
    3930 </p>
    3931 <P style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    3932 Press ‘p’ – Saves the covariance values in a text file.
    3933 </p>
    3934 
    3935 <h4 style='margin-left:0.25in'><a name="Constraints"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3816"Times New Roman"'>This window provides access to the controls that determine
     3817how GSAS-II performs minimizations as well as few global parameters for
     3818GSAS-II. Note that many other customization settings are set as <a
     3819href="#Preferences">configuration variables</a> in the Preferences menu. (See
     3820the <a
     3821href="https://gsas-ii.readthedocs.io/en/latest/GSASIIutil.html#module-config_example">Programmer's
     3822documentation</a> for a description of those.) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3823
     3824<p style='margin-left:.75in'><u>Refinement Controls:</u><i> These controls
     3825determine how refinements are performed. The first determines the computational
     3826engine used to minimize the structure. </i></p>
     3827
     3828<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><a name=RefineType></a><b><span
     3829style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Refinement type</span></b><span
     3830style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3831
     3832<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3833"Times New Roman"'>This determines how refinements are performed. The choices
     3834are:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3835
     3836<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     3837margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3838style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     3839mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     3840style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3841</span></span></span><![endif]><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>analytic
     3842Hessian</span></u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:
     3843This is the default option and is usually the most useful. It uses a
     3844custom-developed least-squares minimizer that uses singular-value decomposition
     3845(SVD) to reduce the errors caused by correlated variables and the
     3846Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm to up-weight diagonal Hessian terms when
     3847refinements fail to lower χ<sup>2</sup>. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3848
     3849<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     3850margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3851style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     3852mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     3853style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3854</span></span></span><![endif]><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>analytic
     3855Jacobian</span></u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:
     3856This uses a numpy-provided <i>leastsq</i> minimizer, which not applicable for problem
     3857with a large number of histograms as it requires much more memory than the
     3858Hessian routines. This because it creates a Jacobian matrix that is shaped N x
     3859M (N parameters x M observations) while the Hessian methods create a Jacobian
     3860matrix only each histogram. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3861
     3862<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     3863margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3864style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     3865mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     3866style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3867</span></span></span><![endif]><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>numeric</span></u><span
     3868style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>: This also uses the numpy <i>leastsq</i>
     3869minimizer, and is also not applicable for larger problems. Unlike, the
     3870&quot;analytic Jacobian&quot;, numerical derivatives are computed rather than
     3871use the analytical derivatives that are coded directly into GSAS-II. This will
     3872be slower than the analytical derivatives and will is often less accurate which
     3873results in slower convergence. It is typically used for code development to
     3874check the accuracy of the analytical derivative formulations. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3875
     3876<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     3877margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo3;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     3878style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     3879mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     3880style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3881</span></span></span><![endif]><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Hessian
     3882SVD</span></u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>: This is
     3883very similar to <u>analytic Hessian</u> but does not include the
     3884Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. It can be faster, but is more prone to diverge
     3885when severe correlation is present. It is possible that it might be better for
     3886single-crystal refinements. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3887
     3888<p style='margin-left:1.25in'>Note that the Jacobian refinement tools are the
     3889Fortran MINPACK <i>lmdif</i> and <i>lmder</i> algorithms wrapped in python as
     3890provided in the Scipy package. The Hessian routines are were developed for
     3891GSAS-II based on routines in numpy and scipy and using the material in
     3892Numerical Recipes (Press, Flannery, Teulosky &amp; Vetterling) for the
     3893Levenberg-Marquardt. The purpose is to minimize the sum of the squares of M<span
     3894style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> nonlinear functions in N
     3895variables by a modification of the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. The lmdif and
     3896lmder routines were written by </span>Burton S. Garbow, Kenneth E. Hillstrom,
     3897Jorge J. More (Argonne National Laboratory, 1980). </p>
     3898
     3899<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3900"Times New Roman"'>Min delta-M/M</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3901"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3902
     3903<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3904"Times New Roman"'>A refinement will stop when the change in the minimization
     3905function (M=Σ[w(Io-Ic)<sup>2</sup>]) is less than this value. The allowed range
     3906is 10<sup>-9</sup> to 1.0, with a default of 0.001. A value of 1.0 stops the
     3907refinement after a single cycle. Values less than 10<sup>-4</sup> cause
     3908refinements to continue even if there is no meaningful improvement. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3909
     3910<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3911"Times New Roman"'>Max cycles</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3912"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3913
     3914<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3915"Times New Roman"'>This determines the maximum number of refinement cycles that
     3916will be performed. This is only available with the &quot;Hessian&quot;
     3917minimizers.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3918
     3919<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3920"Times New Roman"'>Initial lambda</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3921"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3922
     3923<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3924"Times New Roman"'>Note that here λ is the Marquardt coefficient, where a
     3925weight of 1+λ is applied to the diagonal elements of the Hessian. When λ is
     3926large, this down-weights the significance of the off-diagonal terms in the
     3927Hessian. Thus, when λ is large, the refinement is effectively one of
     3928steepest-descents, where correlation between variables is ignored. Note that
     3929steepest-descents minimization is typically slow and may not always find the
     3930local minimum. This is only available with the &quot;analytical Hessian&quot;
     3931minimizer. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3932
     3933<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3934"Times New Roman"'>SVD zero tolerance</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3935"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3936
     3937<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3938"Times New Roman"'>This determines the level where SVD considers values to be
     3939the same. Default is 10<sup>-6</sup>. Make larger to where problems occur due
     3940to correlation. This is only available with the &quot;Hessian&quot; minimizers.
     3941<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3942
     3943<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3944"Times New Roman"'>Initial shift factor</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3945"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3946
     3947<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3948"Times New Roman"'>A “damping multiplier” applied during the first refinement
     3949cycle, for Jacobean/numeric refinements only. Should be in interval (0.1, 100).
     3950See the <a
     3951href="https://docs.scipy.org/doc/scipy/reference/generated/scipy.optimize.leastsq.html">SciPy
     3952leastsq docs</a> for more information. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3953
     3954<p style='margin-left:.75in'><a name=SingleXtlSettings></a><u>Single Crystal:</u><i>
     3955A set of controls is provided for control of single-crystal refinements. These
     3956only appear when single crystal (HKLF) histograms are present in the project. </i></p>
     3957
     3958<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3959"Times New Roman"'>Refine HKLF as F^2?</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3960"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3961
     3962<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3963"Times New Roman"'>When checked, refinements are against F<sup>2</sup> rather
     3964than |F|. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3965
     3966<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3967"Times New Roman"'>Min obs/sig</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3968"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3969
     3970<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3971"Times New Roman"'>Conventional cutoff for single crystal refinements as to
     3972what reflections should be considered observed, typical values are 2.0 (2σ) or
     39733.0 (3σ). <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3974
     3975<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3976"Times New Roman"'>Min extinct.</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3977"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3978
     3979<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3980"Times New Roman"'>(needs further work) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3981
     3982<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3983"Times New Roman"'>Max delt-F/sig</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3984"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3985
     3986<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3987"Times New Roman"'>Removes reflections that are very poorly fit. Should be used
     3988only with extreme care, since poorly-fit reflections could be an indication
     3989that the structure is wrong. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3990
     3991<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3992"Times New Roman"'>Max d-spacing</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3993"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3994
     3995<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     3996"Times New Roman"'>Reflections with d-space values larger than this value are
     3997ignored. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     3998
     3999<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4000"Times New Roman"'>Min d-spacing</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4001"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4002
     4003<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4004"Times New Roman"'>Reflections with d-space values smaller than this value are
     4005ignored. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4006
     4007<p style='margin-left:.75in'><a name=SequentialSettings></a><u>Sequential
     4008Settings:</u><i> A set of controls is for sequential refinement. Settings here
     4009determine if a &quot;normal&quot; or &quot;sequential&quot; refinement is
     4010performed. If no datasets are selected here, then all histograms linked to
     4011phases in the project and that are flagged as &quot;used&quot; are included in
     4012one potentially large (combined) refinement. However, if any number of
     4013histograms are selected here, then a sequential refinement is performed, where
     4014a fit is made to the structural model(s) fitting each selected histogram in
     4015turn. Only the first item below is shown in &quot;normal&quot; mode. </i></p>
     4016
     4017<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4018"Times New Roman"'>Select datasets/Reselect Datasets</span></b><span
     4019style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4020
     4021<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4022"Times New Roman"'>This brings up a menu where histograms can be selected,
     4023which potentially switches between a normal and a sequential refinement. If one
     4024or more histograms are selected, a sequential refinement is used. If none are
     4025selected, then the refinement be set as &quot;normal&quot;. The button is
     4026labeled &quot;Select&quot; when in normal refinement mode and
     4027&quot;Reselect&quot; in sequential refinement mode. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4028
     4029<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4030"Times New Roman"'>Reverse order?</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4031"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4032
     4033<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4034"Times New Roman"'>Normally, in a sequential histograms are fit in the order
     4035they are in the data tree (which can be reordered by dragging tree items), but
     4036when this option is selected, the sequential fit is performed with the last
     4037tree entry first. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4038
     4039<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4040"Times New Roman"'>Copy results to next histogram?</span></b><span
     4041style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4042
     4043<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4044"Times New Roman"'>When this option is selected, the fitted parameters from
     4045each refinement are copied to the next histogram, so that the starting point
     4046for each refinement will be the results from fitting the previous. This works
     4047well for parametric experiments where parameters such as the lattice parameters
     4048change gradually over the course of successive measurements. This option is
     4049usually used only for the initial refinement after a sequential fit is started
     4050and the setting is reset once that refinement is completed. For subsequent
     4051refinements, it is usually better to start with the results from the previous
     4052fit. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4053
     4054<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4055"Times New Roman"'>Clear previous seq. results</span></b><span
     4056style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4057
     4058<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4059"Times New Roman"'>When this button is pressed, the &quot;Sequential
     4060Results&quot; entry with the results from the last sequential fit is deleted
     4061from the tree. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4062
     4063<p style='margin-left:.75in'><u>Global Settings:</u><i> This is a location for
     4064parameters that apply to an entire project. At present there is only one. </i></p>
     4065
     4066<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4067"Times New Roman"'>CIF Author</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4068"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4069
     4070<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4071"Times New Roman"'>The value provided here is used when creating a CIF of an
     4072entire project. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4073
     4074<h5 style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
     4075can I do here?</span></h5>
     4076
     4077<p style='margin-left:.75in'>This offers a place to change how GSAS-II performs
     4078refinements, but has no specific menu commands or graphics. </p>
     4079
     4080<h4 style='margin-left:.25in'><a name=Covariance>Covariance</a></h4>
     4081
     4082<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>This window contains final residual
     4083information; the GSASII Plots window ‘Covariance’ shows a graphical
     4084representation of the variance-covariance matrix. A text window is displayed
     4085with statistical values and goodness of fit parameters. </p>
     4086
     4087<h5 style='margin-left:.5in'>What is plotted here?</h5>
     4088
     4089<p style='margin-left:1.0in'>The variance-covariance matrix as a color coded
     4090array is shown on this page. The color bar to the right shows the range of
     4091covariances (-1 to 1) and corresponding colors. The parameter names are to the
     4092right and the parameter numbers are below the plot. </p>
     4093
     4094<h5 style='margin-left:.5in'>What can I do with the plot?</h5>
     4095
     4096<p style='margin-left:1.0in'>Move the mouse cursor across the plot. If on a
     4097diagonal cell, the parameter name, value and esd is shown both as a tool tip
     4098and in the right hand portion of the status bar. If the cursor is off the
     4099diagonal, the two parameter names and their covariance are shown in the tool
     4100tip and the status bar. </p>
     4101
     4102<p style='margin-left:1.0in'>Use the Zoom and Pan buttons to focus on some
     4103section of the variance-covariance matrix. </p>
     4104
     4105<p style='margin-left:1.0in'>Press ‘s’ – A color scheme selection dialog is
     4106shown. Select a color scheme and press OK, the new color scheme will be
     4107plotted. The default is ‘RdYlGn’. </p>
     4108
     4109<p style='margin-left:1.0in'>Press ‘p’ – Saves the covariance values in a text
     4110file. </p>
     4111
     4112<h4 style='margin-left:.25in'><a name=Constraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    39364113"Times New Roman"'>Constraints<o:p></o:p></span></a></h4>
    39374114
    39384115<span style='mso-bookmark:Constraints'></span>
    39394116
    3940 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>
    3941 This window shows the constraints to be used in a
    3942 refinement. It is organized into three tabbed pages. ‘Phase constraints’ contain
    3943 those involving parameters that describe aspects of the crystalline phases to
    3944 be used in the refinement (e.g. atom coordinates, thermal motion and site
    3945 fraction parameters). ‘Histogram/Phase constraints’ are those which describe
    3946 aspects of the pattern that depend on both the phase and the data set used in
    3947 the refinement (e.g.
    3948 microstrain
    3949 and crystallite size parameters). ‘Histogram constraints’ are those that depend
    3950 only on the data set (e.g. profile coefficients U, V, W, X and Y).
    3951 </p>
    3952 
    3953 <h5 style='margin-left:.5in'>
    3954 What can I do here?</h5>
     4117<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>This window shows the constraints
     4118to be used in a refinement. It is organized into three tabbed pages. ‘Phase
     4119constraints’ contain those involving parameters that describe aspects of the
     4120crystalline phases to be used in the refinement (e.g. atom coordinates, thermal
     4121motion and site fraction parameters). ‘Histogram/Phase constraints’ are those
     4122which describe aspects of the pattern that depend on both the phase and the
     4123data set used in the refinement (e.g. microstrain and crystallite size
     4124parameters). ‘Histogram constraints’ are those that depend only on the data set
     4125(e.g. profile coefficients U, V, W, X and Y). </p>
     4126
     4127<h5 style='margin-left:.5in'>What can I do here?</h5>
    39554128
    39564129<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    3957 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4130text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level1 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    39584131style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    39594132style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    39634136
    39644137<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    3965 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4138auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level1 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    39664139style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    39674140style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    39704143
    39714144<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    3972 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level2 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4145auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    39734146style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    39744147style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
    39754148style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
    3976 Hold</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> –
    3977 select a parameter that you wish to remain fixed although other parameters of
    3978 the same type may be selected as a group for refinement. For example, if the
    3979 space group for a phase has a polar axis (e.g. the b-axis in P2<sub>1</sub>),
    3980 then one atom y-parameter is arbitrary and should be selected for a Hold to
    3981 keep the structure from drifting up or down the y-axis during refinement. If selected,
    3982 a dialog box will appear showing the list of available parameters; select one
    3983 and then OK to implement it, Cancel will cancel the operation. The held
    3984 parameter will be shown in the constraint window with the keyword ‘FIXED’. A
    3985 Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4149Hold</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> – select
     4150a parameter that you wish to remain fixed although other parameters of the same
     4151type may be selected as a group for refinement. For example, if the space group
     4152for a phase has a polar axis (e.g. the b-axis in P2<sub>1</sub>), then one atom
     4153y-parameter is arbitrary and should be selected for a Hold to keep the
     4154structure from drifting up or down the y-axis during refinement. If selected, a
     4155dialog box will appear showing the list of available parameters; select one and
     4156then OK to implement it, Cancel will cancel the operation. The held parameter
     4157will be shown in the constraint window with the keyword ‘FIXED’. A Delete
     4158button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    39864159
    39874160<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    3988 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level2 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4161auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    39894162style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    39904163style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    39934166– select a list of parameters that should have the same value (possibly with a
    39944167non-unitary multiplier for some). Examples are a list of atoms with the same
    3995 thermal motion <span class=SpellE>Uiso</span>, sets of profile coefficients <span
    3996 class=GramE>U,V</span>,W across multiple data sets. If selected, a dialog box
    3997 will appear with a list of the available parameters. Select one and press OK; a
    3998 second dialog box will appear with only those parameters that can be made
    3999 equivalent to the first one. Choose those and press OK. Cancel in either dialog
    4000 will cancel the operation. The equivalenced parameters will show as an equation
    4001 of the form M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>=0; usually
    4002 M1=1.0 and M2=-1.0, but can be changed via the ‘Edit’ button. The keyword
    4003 ‘EQUIV’ marks it as an equivalence. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4168thermal motion Uiso, sets of profile coefficients U,V,W across multiple data
     4169sets. If selected, a dialog box will appear with a list of the available
     4170parameters. Select one and press OK; a second dialog box will appear with only
     4171those parameters that can be made equivalent to the first one. Choose those and
     4172press OK. Cancel in either dialog will cancel the operation. The equivalenced
     4173parameters will show as an equation of the form M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>=0;
     4174usually M1=1.0 and M2=-1.0, but can be changed via the ‘Edit’ button. The
     4175keyword ‘EQUIV’ marks it as an equivalence. A Delete button can be used to
     4176remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    40044177
    40054178<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4006 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level2 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4179auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    40074180style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    40084181style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    40214194
    40224195<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:auto;
    4023 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l26 level2 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4196text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level2 lfo5'><![if !supportLists]><span
    40244197style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    40254198style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    40314204sum. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    40324205
    4033 <h4 style='margin-left:0.25in'><a name="Restraints"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4206<h4 style='margin-left:.25in'><a name=Restraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    40344207"Times New Roman"'>Restraints</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    40354208"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
     
    40454218
    40464219<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    4047 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4220text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    40484221style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    40494222style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    40534226
    40544227<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4055 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4228auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    40564229style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    40574230style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    40624235
    40634236<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4064 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4237auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    40654238style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    40664239style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    40694242
    40704243<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4071 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4244auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    40724245style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
    40734246style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    40764249
    40774250<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4078 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4251auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    40794252style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
    40804253style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
    40814254style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can examine the table of
    40824255restraints and change individual values; grayed out regions cannot be changed.
    4083 The ‘<span class=SpellE>calc</span>’ values are determined from the atom
    4084 positions in your structure, ‘<span class=SpellE>obs</span>’ values are the
    4085 target values for the restraint and ‘<span class=SpellE>esd</span>’ is the
     4256The ‘calc’ values are determined from the atom positions in your structure,
     4257‘obs’ values are the target values for the restraint and ‘esd’ is the
    40864258uncertainty used to weight the restraint in the refinement (multiplied by the
    40874259weight factor).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    40884260
    40894261<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4090 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4262auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    40914263style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span
    40924264style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    40964268
    40974269<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4098 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4270auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    40994271style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
    41004272style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    41064278
    41074279<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4108 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4280auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    41094281style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    41104282style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    41134285this takes you through a sequence of dialog boxes which ask for the identities
    41144286of the atoms involved in the restraint and the value to be assigned to the
    4115 restraint. The <span class=SpellE>esd</span> is given a default value which can
    4116 be changed after the restraints are created.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4287restraint. The esd is given a default value which can be changed after the
     4288restraints are created.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    41174289
    41184290<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4119 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4291auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    41204292style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    41214293style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    41244296– if the phase is a ‘macromolecule’ then develop the restraints from a selected
    41254297‘macro’ file based on those used in GSAS for this purpose. A file dialog box is
    4126 shown directed to /<span class=SpellE>GSASIImacros</span>; be sure to select
    4127 the correct file.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4298shown directed to /GSASIImacros; be sure to select the correct file.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    41284299
    41294300<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4130 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4301auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    41314302style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    41324303style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    41354306– if the phase is a ‘macromolecule’ and the restraint type is either ‘<b
    41364307style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Torsion restraints</b>’ or ‘<b
    4137 style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Ramachandran restraints</b>’, then a plot
    4138 will be made of the restraint distribution; torsions as 1-D plots of angle vs.
     4308style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Ramachandran restraints</b>’, then a plot will
     4309be made of the restraint distribution; torsions as 1-D plots of angle vs.
    41394310pseudopotential energy and Ramachandran ones as 2-D plot of psi vs phi. In each
    41404311case a dialog box will appear asking for the residue types or specific torsion
     
    41464317
    41474318<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4148 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4319auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    41494320style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
    41504321style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
    41514322style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Change
    41524323value</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> – this
    4153 changes the ‘<span class=SpellE>obsd</span>’ value for selected restraints; a
    4154 dialog box will appear asking for the new value. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4324changes the ‘obsd’ value for selected restraints; a dialog box will appear
     4325asking for the new value. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
    41554326
    41564327<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4157 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4328auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    41584329style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
    41594330style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    41604331</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
    4161 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Change <span class=SpellE>esd</span></span></b><span
    4162 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> – this changes the ‘<span
    4163 class=SpellE>esd</span>’ value for selected restraints; a dialog box will
    4164 appear asking for the new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4332style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Change esd</span></b><span
     4333style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> – this changes the ‘esd’
     4334value for selected restraints; a dialog box will appear asking for the new
     4335value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    41654336
    41664337<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:auto;
    4167 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4338text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
    41684339style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
    41694340style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    41734344in the upper left corner of the table will select/deselect all restraints.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    41744345
    4175 <h4 style='margin-left:0.25in'><a name="Rigid_bodies"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4346<h4 style='margin-left:.25in'><a name="Rigid_bodies"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    41764347"Times New Roman"'>Rigid bodies<o:p></o:p></span></a></h4>
    41774348
     
    41884359
    41894360<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    4190 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l30 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4361text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    41914362style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
    41924363style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    41974368
    41984369<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4199 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l30 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4370auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    42004371style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
    42014372style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    42054376
    42064377<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4207 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l30 level2 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><b
     4378auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level2 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><b
    42084379style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
    42094380style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     
    42184389
    42194390<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4220 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l30 level2 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4391auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level2 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    42214392style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
    42224393style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    42284399
    42294400<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4230 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l30 level2 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4401auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level2 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    42314402style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
    42324403style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    42344405sequence</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> –
    42354406(Residue rigid bodies) this defines a variable torsion angle in a sequence of
    4236 dialog boxes. The first one asks for the origin and the second asks for the pivot
    4237 atom for the torsion from the nearest neighbors to the origin atom; the atoms
    4238 that ride on the selected torsion are automatically found from their bond
     4407dialog boxes. The first one asks for the origin and the second asks for the
     4408pivot atom for the torsion from the nearest neighbors to the origin atom; the
     4409atoms that ride on the selected torsion are automatically found from their bond
    42394410lengths.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    42404411
    42414412<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
    4242 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l30 level2 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4413auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level2 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    42434414style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
    42444415style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
     
    42464417residues</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> –
    42474418(Residue rigid bodies) this reads a predetermined macro file that contains
    4248 standard (<span class=SpellE>Engh</span> &amp; Huber) coordinates for the amino
    4249 acids found in natural proteins along with predetermined variable torsion angle
    4250 definitions.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4419standard (Engh &amp; Huber) coordinates for the amino acids found in natural
     4420proteins along with predetermined variable torsion angle definitions.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    42514421
    42524422<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
    4253 auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l30 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4423auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    42544424style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
    42554425style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    42594429
    42604430<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
    4261 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l30 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4431text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l25 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
    42624432style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
    42634433style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
     
    42654435a vector rigid body can be refined.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
    42664436
    4267 <h4 style='margin-left:0.25in'><a name="Sequential"></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4437<h4 style='margin-left:.25in'><a name=Sequential></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    42684438"Times New Roman"'>Sequential refinement results</span></u></h4>
    42694439
    4270 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>This tree entry is
    4271 available after a sequential refinement has been run. (See the <a
    4272 href="#Controls">Controls tree item</a> to set the histograms to be
    4273 used in a sequential refinement and use the Calculate/Sequential
    4274 refine menu command to run the refinement.)
    4275 When this is selected, the window tabulates the
    4276 sequential refinement results. The columns are the parameter names; the
    4277 naming convention is ‘p:h:name:n’ where ‘p’ is the phase number,’ h’ is the
    4278 histogram number, ‘name’ is the parameter name, and ‘n’ (if needed) is the item
    4279 number (e.g. atom number). The rows are the data sets used in the sequential
    4280 refinement.</p>
     4440<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>This tree entry is available after
     4441a sequential refinement has been run. (See the <a href="#Controls">Controls
     4442tree item</a> to set the histograms to be used in a sequential refinement and
     4443use the Calculate/Sequential refine menu command to run the refinement.) When
     4444this is selected, the window tabulates the sequential refinement results. The
     4445columns are the parameter names; the naming convention is ‘p:h:name:n’ where
     4446‘p’ is the phase number,’ h’ is the histogram number, ‘name’ is the parameter
     4447name, and ‘n’ (if needed) is the item number (e.g. atom number). The rows are
     4448the data sets used in the sequential refinement.</p>
    42814449
    42824450<h5 style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
    42834451can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    42844452
    4285 <h5 style='margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l29 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4453<h5 style='margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
    42864454style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    42874455normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
     
    42924460matrix for the refinement with that data set.<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    42934461
    4294 <h5 style='margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l29 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4462<h5 style='margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
    42954463style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    42964464normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
     
    43024470also shown.<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    43034471
    4304 <h5 style='margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l29 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4472<h5 style='margin-left:1.25in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
    43054473style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    43064474normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
     
    43084476style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    43094477normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Menu ‘</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4310 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Background’ – </span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4311 "Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
    4312 bold'><o:p></o:p></span></h5>
    4313 
    4314 <h5 style='margin-left:1.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l29 level2 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4478"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Background’ – </span><span
     4479style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
     4480normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p></o:p></span></h5>
     4481
     4482<h5 style='margin-left:1.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l24 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
    43154483style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    43164484normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
     
    43194487style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
    43204488normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> – this will create a text file of selected
    4321 columns with values and corresponding <span class=SpellE>esds</span>. A file
    4322 dialog box will appear; give a suitable file name; you may change directory if
    4323 desired.<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
     4489columns with values and corresponding esds. A file dialog box will appear; give
     4490a suitable file name; you may change directory if desired.<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
     4491
     4492<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     4493style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    43244494
    43254495<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
     4496
     4497</span></div>
     4498
     4499<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
     4500style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
     4501
    43264502<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
    43274503
    4328 <h2>6. Histogram data tree items</h2>
     4504</span></div>
     4505
     4506<h2><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>6. Histogram data
     4507tree items<o:p></o:p></span></h2>
    43294508
    43304509<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.25in'>These are shown in the data tree
     
    43344513but does display the data in the Plots Window. They are described below.</p>
    43354514
    4336 <h2 style='margin-left:.25in'><a name="PWDR">6A. Powder Histograms -
    4337 type PWDR</a></h2>
    4338 
    4339 <span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    4340 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>When a powder diffraction dataset (prefix ‘PWDR’) is
    4341 selected from the </span><a href="#Data_tree"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
    4342 "Times New Roman"'>data tree</span></a>
    4343 the dataset is plotted. The observed data points are shown as blue
    4344 crosses and where fit, the calculated pattern is shown as a green
    4345 line; the background is shown as red line. The difference curve is
    4346 shown as a cyan line. Reflection positions are shown with small vertical
    4347 lines.
    4348 
    4349 </p><P></P>
    4350 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>
    4351 Each powder
    4352 diffraction dataset has a number of children in the tree as are shown
    4353 below. Clicking on any of them produces changes in the plot and allows
    4354 access to different parameters associated with the dataset.
    4355 </p>
    4356   <UL style='margin-left:0.75in'>
    4357     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Comments">Comments</a></li>
    4358     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Limits">Limits</a></li>
    4359     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Background">Background</a></li>
    4360     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Instrument_Parameters">Instrument Parameters</a></li>
    4361     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Sample_Parameters">Sample Parameters</a></li>
    4362     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Peak_List">Peak List</a></li>
    4363     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Index_Peak_List">Index Peak List</a></li>
    4364     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Unit_Cells_List">Unit Cells List</a></li>
    4365     <LI><a href="#PWDR_Reflection_Lists">Reflection Lists</a></li>
    4366   </UL>
     4515<h2 style='margin-left:.25in'><a name=PWDR><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4516"Times New Roman"'>6A. Powder Histograms - type PWDR</span></a><span
     4517style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
     4518
     4519<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>When a powder diffraction dataset
     4520(prefix ‘PWDR’) is selected from the <a href="#Data_tree"><span
     4521style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>data tree</span></a> the
     4522dataset is plotted. The observed data points are shown as blue crosses and
     4523where fit, the calculated pattern is shown as a green line; the background is
     4524shown as red line. The difference curve is shown as a cyan line. Reflection
     4525positions are shown with small vertical lines. </p>
     4526
     4527<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>Each powder diffraction dataset has
     4528a number of children in the tree as are shown below. Clicking on any of them
     4529produces changes in the plot and allows access to different parameters
     4530associated with the dataset. </p>
     4531
     4532<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4533margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo12;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4534style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4535mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4536style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4537</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4538href="#PWDR_Comments">Comments</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4539
     4540<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4541margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo12;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4542style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4543mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4544style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4545</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4546href="#PWDR_Limits">Limits</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4547
     4548<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4549margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo12;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4550style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4551mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4552style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4553</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4554href="#PWDR_Background">Background</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4555
     4556<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4557margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo12;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4558style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4559mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4560style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4561</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4562href="#PWDR_Instrument_Parameters">Instrument Parameters</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4563
     4564<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4565margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo12;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4566style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4567mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4568style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4569</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4570href="#PWDR_Sample_Parameters">Sample Parameters</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4571
     4572<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4573margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo12;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4574style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4575mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4576style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4577</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4578href="#PWDR_Peak_List">Peak List</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4579
     4580<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4581margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo12;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4582style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4583mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4584style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4585</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4586href="#PWDR_Index_Peak_List">Index Peak List</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4587
     4588<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4589margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo12;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4590style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4591mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4592style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4593</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4594href="#PWDR_Unit_Cells_List">Unit Cells List</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4595
     4596<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4597margin-left:.75in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo12;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4598style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4599mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4600style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4601</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><a
     4602href="#PWDR_Reflection_Lists">Reflection Lists</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
    43674603
    43684604<h5 style='margin-left:.5in'>What can I do here?</h5>
    43694605
    4370 <p style='margin-left:1.0in'>Menu <B>Commands</B>
    4371 </p>
    4372 
    4373 <p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:auto;
    4374 text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l27 level1 lfo15'>
    4375 a.&nbsp;<b>Error Analysis</b>
    4376 – this produces a ‘normal probability’ plot for the refinement result as
    4377 bounded by the limits. The slope and intercept of the curve in the central
    4378 region (-1 &lt; / &lt; 1) are shown on the
    4379 plot status line. The slope is the square root of GOF for the best fit set of
    4380 data points (~68% of the data).</p>
    4381 
    4382 <h5 style='margin-left:.5in'><span
    4383 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    4384 What is plotted here?</span></h5>
    4385 <P style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    4386 The powder patterns that are
    4387 part of your project are shown on this page. They can be displayed as a stack
    4388 of powder patterns, just a single pattern or as a contour image of the peak
    4389 intensities. What can be done here will depend on home many patterns
    4390   are shown as well as what mode is selected.
    4391 Note that the tick marks and difference curve positions can be
    4392   customized, as <a href="#PWDR_dragticks">discussed below</a>.
    4393 </P><p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    4394   Similar plots to the one here are displayed when different
    4395   subtree items are selected and on those plots it is possible to
    4396   view and in some cases edit information associated with the
    4397   histogram. As examples:
    4398   <UL style='margin-left:1.0in'>
    4399     <a name="otherPWDR"></a>
    4400     <LI>By selecting
    4401       the <a href="#PWDR_Limits">Limits</a> entry, range of data used,
    4402     as well as possible excluded regions, can be set.
    4403     <LI>Selecting <a href="#PWDR_Reflection_Lists">Reflection Lists</a>
    4404       allows display of reflection indicies (hkl values) for a
    4405     selected phase.
    4406     Letting the mouse rest unmoved at the position of a reflection
    4407     in 2-theta, Q, etc. (the vertical position does not matter) will
    4408     cause these to be displayed. After a short delay a
    4409     "tool tip" will appear with indicies for any reflections close
    4410     to the lateral mouse position.
    4411     <LI>Selecting <a href="#PWDR_Background">Background</a> allows
    4412     a mouse to be used to define
    4413     fixed points where a background curve
    4414     can be fitted to those points.
    4415     <LI>Selecting <a href="#PWDR_Instrument_Parameters">Instrument
    4416     Parameters</a>displays plot of peak widths as a function of 2theta
    4417     or Q.
    4418     <LI>Selecting <a href="#PWDR_Peak_List">Peak List</a> allows
    4419     postions of peaks to be defined for use in direct peak fitting.
    4420     <LI>Selecting <a href="#PWDR_Unit_Cells_List">Unit Cells List</a>
    4421     can show the positions of reflections for an arbitrary set of
    4422     unit cell parameters, optionally with space group extinctions
    4423     applied.
    4424 </P>
    4425 
    4426 </UL>
    4427 <h5 style='margin-left:.5in'><span
    4428 style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
    4429 What can I do with the plot?</span></h5>
    4430 
    4431 <DL style='margin-left:0.5in'>
    4432   <DT>Move mouse
    4433   <DD>As the mouse cursor is moved across the plot, the plot status line
    4434 will show the cursor position as 2Theta, d-spacing and the
    4435     intensity. For a Q-plot, Q is shown instead of 2Theta.
    4436 
    4437   <DT>Press keyboard keys
    4438   <DD><a href="#PWDR_keylist">See below</a>. The "s" and "w" modes are commonly used.
    4439    
    4440   <a name="PWDR_dragticks"></a>
    4441   <DT>Drag tickmarks
    4442   <DD>Click on any tick mark and while holding the left mouse button
    4443   down move them to where you want them to
    4444   be displayed (press the s key for Sqrt(I) mode to reset to the
    4445   defaults). With multiple phases, clicking on the 2nd phase,
    4446   etc. changes the vertical spacing between phases.
    4447     Tick marks can be dragged only when the main PWDR or Reflection
    4448     Lists tree items are selected.
    4449    
    4450   <DT>Drag the difference curve
    4451   <DD>When the "normal" obs-calc plot is shown (as opposed to the
    4452   preferred "w" mode plot where (obs-calc)/sigma is displayed, click
    4453   on any point in the difference curve and while holding the left mouse button
    4454   down move the curve to where you want it to
    4455   be displayed (press the s key for Sqrt(I) mode to reset it to the
    4456     default).
    4457     The difference curve can be dragged only when the main PWDR or Reflection
    4458     Lists tree items are selected.
    4459    
    4460   <DT>Display/edit histogram information
    4461   <DD>By selecting different tree items within the current
    4462     histogram, it is possible to display and in some cases edit
    4463     information associated with the histogram.
    4464     <a href="#otherPWDR">See above.</a>
    4465    
    4466   <DT>Create a Publication-ready plot
    4467   <DD>Press the green "P" button to generate a customizable version
    4468     of the displayed plot that can be exported at high resolution.
    4469 </DL>
    4470 <a name="PWDR_keylist"></a><P style='margin-left:.5in'>
    4471 The following key press characters are defined (not for all plot
    4472 modes). These actions can also be initiated from the <B>Key Press</B>
    4473 button on the plot toolbar. </P>
    4474 <H4 style='margin-left:.5in'>
    4475 <I>For line plots:</I></H4>
    4476 <DL style='margin-left:0.75in'>
    4477 <DT><B>    s: Sqrt(I) on/off</b><dd>changes the y-axis to be the
    4478   square-root of the intensity. The tick mark and the
    4479   difference curve location is reset.
    4480 <DT><B> w: toggle diff plot mode</b><dd>for the pattern selected from the
    4481   data tree, this will replace the difference (obs-calc) curve with
    4482   the differences divided by their standard uncertainty (esd) values
    4483   [(obs-calc)/sigma], which shows the significance of the deviations
    4484   in the fit of the pattern. <i>(Recommended)</I>.
    4485 <DT><B>    b: subtract background</b><dd>Subtracts the fitted
    4486   background from the powder pattern. Pressing this again turns the
    4487   mode off.
    4488 <DT><B>    n: log(I) on/off</b><dd>changes the y-axis to be the log10 of the intensity; difference
    4489 curve is not shown for log(I) on.
    4490 
    4491 <DT><B>    q: toggle Q plot</b><dd>changes the x-axis from 2Theta to Q.
    4492     This will put multiple
    4493 powder patterns taken at different wavelengths/types on the same x-axis scale.
    4494 
    4495 <DT><B>    t: toggle D-space plot</b><dd>changes the x-axis from 2Theta to d-space.
    4496     This will put multiple
    4497 powder patterns taken at different wavelengths/types on the same
    4498     x-axis scale. May not be very useful with data over a wide range.
    4499 
    4500 <DT><B>    e: set excluded region</b>
    4501 <dd>Defines a new excluded region: press the "e" key with the mouse on
    4502   one side of the region. Move the mouse to the other side and and
    4503   press "e" again. The region markers (magenta dashed lines) can be
    4504   dragged to new positions. Available only when
    4505   the <a href="#PWDR_Limits">Limits</a> tree entry is selected.
    4506 <DT><B>    x: show excluded region</b>
    4507 <dd>Normally all observed data is plotted. When the "x" key is
    4508   pressed, data inside excluded regions are not shown.
    4509 <DT><B>    .: scaling diagnostic</b>
    4510 <dd>When the '.' key is pressed, data are plotted where the intensity
    4511   scale shows the equivalent number of counts so that uncertainty on
    4512   each point is the sqrt(I).
    4513 <DT><B>    g: grid lines</b>
    4514 <dd>Draws vertical and horizontal grid lines at all axis label
    4515   positions.
    4516 <DT><B>    a: add magnification region</b>
    4517 <dd>Adds a magnification region to the plot and sets the magnification
    4518   amount to x2. This can be edited (or deleted) in the table that is
    4519   shown when the main PWDR tree entry is selected.
    4520  
    4521 
    4522 </DL>
    4523 
    4524 <H4 style='margin-left:.5in'><I>
    4525 For line plots with more than one powder pattern:
    4526 </I></H4>
    4527 <DL style='margin-left:0.75in'>
    4528 <DT><B>    c: contour on/off</b><dd>if multiple powder profiles, then a contour plot is shown
    4529 of the observed intensities. All data sets must be the same length as the first
    4530 one to be included in the contour plot.
    4531 <DT><B>    S: set color Scheme</b>
    4532 <dd>Select the color map used for contour plots
    4533 
    4534 <DT><B> m: toggle single/multiple plot</b><dd>for multiple powder profiles, this will show only the one
    4535 selected from the data tree. The offset options (below) are not active.
    4536 <DT><B>f: select data</b><dd>Allows only some powder patterns to be
    4537     plotted, rather than all.
    4538 <DT><B> +,=: no selection</b><dd>for multiple powder profiles, only
    4539   the observed curve is shown when this mode is turned on ('+' and '='
    4540   do exactly the same thing).</span></p>
    4541 <DT><B> /: normalize</b><dd>for multiple powder profiles, all
    4542   diffraction datasets are normalized so that the maximum intensity is 1.
    4543   </span></p>
    4544 </DL>
    4545  
    4546 <H4 style='margin-left:.5in'><I>
    4547 Offset modes for line plots in waterfall mode (multiple patterns only):
    4548 </I></H4>
    4549 <DL style='margin-left:0.75in'>
    4550 <DT><B>l: offset left</b><dd>
    4551     for a waterfall plot of multiple powder profiles, increase the
    4552   offset so that later plots are shifted more to the left relative to
    4553     previous plots.
    4554 
    4555 <DT><B>r: offset right</b><dd>
    4556     for a waterfall plot of multiple powder profiles, increase the
    4557 offset to the right (or decrease the left offset.)
    4558 
    4559 <DT><B>    d,D: offset down</b><dd>for a waterfall plot of multiple
    4560   powder profiles, increase the offset down.
    4561   (D does the same as d but to a much larger amount)
    4562 
    4563 <DT><B>    u,U: offset up</b><dd>for a waterfall plot of multiple powder
    4564   profiles, increase the offset up.
    4565   (U does the same as u but to a much larger amount)
    4566 
    4567 <DT><B>    o: reset offset</b><dd>for a waterfall plot of multiple powder
    4568     profiles, reset to no offset.
    4569 </DL>
    4570 
    4571 <H4 style='margin-left:.5in'>
    4572 <I>For contour plots:</I></H4>
    4573 <DL style='margin-left:0.75in'>
    4574 <DT><B>d: lower contour max</b><DD>
    4575   this lowers the level chosen for the highest contour color.
    4576 <DT><B>
    4577   u: raise contour max</b><DD>
    4578   this raises the level chosen for the highest contour color
    4579 <DT><B>
    4580   i: interpolation method</b><DD>
    4581   this changes the method
    4582 used to represent the contours. If selected a dialog box appears with all the
    4583 possible choices. Default is ‘nearest’; the other useful choice is ‘bilinear’,
    4584 this will smooth out the contours.
    4585 <DT><B>
    4586 s: color scheme</b><DD>
    4587   this changes the color
    4588 scheme for the contouring. Default is ‘Paired’, black/ white options are
    4589 ‘Greys’ and ‘binary’ (for black on white) or ‘gray’ (for white on black).
    4590 Others can be very colorful (but not useful!)
    4591 <DT><B>
    4592   c: contour off/on</b><DD>
    4593   this turns off contouring
    4594 and returns to a waterfall plot with any offsets applied.
    4595 </DL>
    4596 
    4597 <H4 style='margin-left:.5in'><I>
    4598 For display of reflections from magnetic unit space groups
    4599 </I></H4>
    4600 <DL style='margin-left:0.75in'>
    4601   <DT><B>j: show next; reset use flag</b><dd>
    4602     Show the next magnetic space group in the list, clearing the "Use"
    4603     flag for the currently displayed space group.
    4604     (available from Index Unit Cells only).
    4605   <DT><B>k: show next</b><dd>
    4606     Show the next magnetic space group in the list. The "Use"
    4607     flag for the currently displayed space group is unchanged.
    4608     (available from Index Unit Cells only).
    4609     </DL>
    4610 <h4 style='margin-left:0.25in'><a name="PWDR_Comments"><u>Comments</u></a></h4>
    4611 
    4612 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>This
    4613 window shows whatever comment lines (preceded by “#”) found when the powder
    4614 data file was read by GSAS-II. If you are lucky, there will be useful
    4615 information here (e.g. sample name, date collected, wavelength used, etc.). If
    4616 not, this window will be blank. The text is read-only.</p>
    4617 
    4618 <h4 style='margin-left:0.25in'><a name="PWDR_Limits"><u>
    4619 Limits</u></a></h4>
    4620 
    4621 <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>
    4622 This window shows the limits in position to be used in any
    4623 fitting for this powder pattern. The ‘original’ values are obtained from the
    4624 minimum &amp; maximum values in the powder pattern. The ‘new’ values
    4625 determine the range of data that will be used in fitting. Units are
    4626 2Theta for CW data and time (microsec) for TOF data.
    4627 </p>
     4606<p style='margin-left:1.0in'>Menu <b>Commands</b> </p>
     4607
     4608<p class=MsoListParagraph style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:auto;
     4609text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l21 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4610style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
     4611style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>a.&nbsp;<b>Error
     4612Analysis</b> – this produces a ‘normal probability’ plot for the refinement
     4613result as bounded by the limits. The slope and intercept of the curve in the
     4614central region (-1 &lt; / &lt; 1) are shown on the plot status line. The slope
     4615is the square root of GOF for the best fit set of data points (~68% of the
     4616data).</p>
     4617
     4618<h5 style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
     4619is plotted here?</span></h5>
     4620
     4621<p style='margin-left:1.0in'>The powder patterns that are part of your project
     4622are shown on this page. They can be displayed as a stack of powder patterns,
     4623just a single pattern or as a contour image of the peak intensities. What can
     4624be done here will depend on home many patterns are shown as well as what mode
     4625is selected. Note that the tick marks and difference curve positions can be
     4626customized, as <a href="#PWDR_dragticks">discussed below</a>. </p>
     4627
     4628<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:1.0in'>Similar plots to the one here are
     4629displayed when different subtree items are selected and on those plots it is
     4630possible to view and in some cases edit information associated with the
     4631histogram. As examples: </p>
     4632
     4633<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4634margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo15;tab-stops:list .5in'><a
     4635name=otherPWDR></a><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:10.0pt;
     4636mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;
     4637mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span
     4638style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4639</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>By
     4640selecting the <a href="#PWDR_Limits">Limits</a> entry, range of data used, as
     4641well as possible excluded regions, can be set. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4642
     4643<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4644margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo15;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4645style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4646mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4647style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4648</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Selecting
     4649<a href="#PWDR_Reflection_Lists">Reflection Lists</a> allows display of
     4650reflection indicies (hkl values) for a selected phase. Letting the mouse rest
     4651unmoved at the position of a reflection in 2-theta, Q, etc. (the vertical
     4652position does not matter) will cause these to be displayed. After a short delay
     4653a &quot;tool tip&quot; will appear with indicies for any reflections close to
     4654the lateral mouse position. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4655
     4656<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4657margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo15;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4658style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4659mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4660style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4661</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Selecting
     4662<a href="#PWDR_Background">Background</a> allows a mouse to be used to define
     4663fixed points where a background curve can be fitted to those points. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4664
     4665<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4666margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo15;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4667style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4668mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4669style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4670</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Selecting
     4671<a href="#PWDR_Instrument_Parameters">Instrument Parameters</a>displays plot of
     4672peak widths as a function of 2theta or Q. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4673
     4674<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4675margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo15;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4676style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4677mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4678style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4679</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Selecting
     4680<a href="#PWDR_Peak_List">Peak List</a> allows postions of peaks to be defined
     4681for use in direct peak fitting. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4682
     4683<p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
     4684margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo15;tab-stops:list .5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
     4685style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;font-family:Symbol;
     4686mso-fareast-font-family:Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol'><span
     4687style='mso-list:Ignore'>·<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     4688</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Selecting
     4689<a href="#PWDR_Unit_Cells_List">Unit Cells List</a> can show the positions of
     4690reflections for an arbitrary set of unit cell parameters, optionally with space
     4691group extinctions applied. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4692
     4693<h5 style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
     4694can I do with the plot?</span></h5>
     4695
     4696<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4697"Times New Roman"'>Move mouse <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4698
     4699<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4700"Times New Roman"'>As the mouse cursor is moved across the plot, the plot
     4701status line will show the cursor position as 2Theta, d-spacing and the
     4702intensity. For a Q-plot, Q is shown instead of 2Theta. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4703
     4704<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4705"Times New Roman"'>Press keyboard keys <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4706
     4707<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4708"Times New Roman"'><a href="#PWDR_keylist">See below</a>. The &quot;s&quot; and
     4709&quot;w&quot; modes are commonly used. <a name="PWDR_dragticks"></a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4710
     4711<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4712"Times New Roman"'>Drag tickmarks <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4713
     4714<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4715"Times New Roman"'>Click on any tick mark and while holding the left mouse
     4716button down move them to where you want them to be displayed (press the s key
     4717for Sqrt(I) mode to reset to the defaults). With multiple phases, clicking on
     4718the 2nd phase, etc. changes the vertical spacing between phases. Tick marks can
     4719be dragged only when the main PWDR or Reflection Lists tree items are selected.
     4720<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4721
     4722<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4723"Times New Roman"'>Drag the difference curve <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4724
     4725<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4726"Times New Roman"'>When the &quot;normal&quot; obs-calc plot is shown (as
     4727opposed to the preferred &quot;w&quot; mode plot where (obs-calc)/sigma is
     4728displayed, click on any point in the difference curve and while holding the
     4729left mouse button down move the curve to where you want it to be displayed
     4730(press the s key for Sqrt(I) mode to reset it to the default). The difference
     4731curve can be dragged only when the main PWDR or Reflection Lists tree items are
     4732selected. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4733
     4734<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4735"Times New Roman"'>Display/edit histogram information <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4736
     4737<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4738"Times New Roman"'>By selecting different tree items within the current
     4739histogram, it is possible to display and in some cases edit information
     4740associated with the histogram. <a href="#otherPWDR">See above.</a> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4741
     4742<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4743"Times New Roman"'>Create a Publication-ready plot <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4744
     4745<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4746"Times New Roman"'>Press the green &quot;P&quot; button to generate a
     4747customizable version of the displayed plot that can be exported at high
     4748resolution. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4749
     4750<p style='margin-left:.5in'><a name="PWDR_keylist"></a>The following key press
     4751characters are defined (not for all plot modes). These actions can also be
     4752initiated from the <b>Key Press</b> button on the plot toolbar. </p>
     4753
     4754<h4 style='margin-left:.5in'>For line plots:</h4>
     4755
     4756<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4757"Times New Roman"'>s: Sqrt(I) on/off</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4758"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4759
     4760<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4761"Times New Roman"'>changes the y-axis to be the square-root of the intensity.
     4762The tick mark and the difference curve location is reset. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4763
     4764<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4765"Times New Roman"'>w: toggle diff plot mode</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4766"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4767
     4768<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4769"Times New Roman"'>for the pattern selected from the data tree, this will
     4770replace the difference (obs-calc) curve with the differences divided by their
     4771standard uncertainty (esd) values [(obs-calc)/sigma], which shows the
     4772significance of the deviations in the fit of the pattern. <i>(Recommended)</i>.
     4773<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4774
     4775<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4776"Times New Roman"'>b: subtract background</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4777"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4778
     4779<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4780"Times New Roman"'>Subtracts the fitted background from the powder pattern.
     4781Pressing this again turns the mode off. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4782
     4783<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4784"Times New Roman"'>n: log(I) on/off</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4785"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4786
     4787<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4788"Times New Roman"'>changes the y-axis to be the log10 of the intensity;
     4789difference curve is not shown for log(I) on. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4790
     4791<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4792"Times New Roman"'>q: toggle Q plot</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4793"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4794
     4795<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4796"Times New Roman"'>changes the x-axis from 2Theta to Q. This will put multiple
     4797powder patterns taken at different wavelengths/types on the same x-axis scale. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4798
     4799<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4800"Times New Roman"'>t: toggle D-space plot</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4801"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4802
     4803<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4804"Times New Roman"'>changes the x-axis from 2Theta to d-space. This will put
     4805multiple powder patterns taken at different wavelengths/types on the same
     4806x-axis scale. May not be very useful with data over a wide range. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4807
     4808<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4809"Times New Roman"'>e: set excluded region</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4810"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4811
     4812<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4813"Times New Roman"'>Defines a new excluded region: press the &quot;e&quot; key
     4814with the mouse on one side of the region. Move the mouse to the other side and
     4815and press &quot;e&quot; again. The region markers (magenta dashed lines) can be
     4816dragged to new positions. Available only when the <a href="#PWDR_Limits">Limits</a>
     4817tree entry is selected. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4818
     4819<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4820"Times New Roman"'>x: show excluded region</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4821"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4822
     4823<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4824"Times New Roman"'>Normally all observed data is plotted. When the
     4825&quot;x&quot; key is pressed, data inside excluded regions are not shown. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4826
     4827<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4828"Times New Roman"'>.: scaling diagnostic</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4829"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4830
     4831<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4832"Times New Roman"'>When the '.' key is pressed, data are plotted where the
     4833intensity scale shows the equivalent number of counts so that uncertainty on
     4834each point is the sqrt(I). <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4835
     4836<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4837"Times New Roman"'>g: grid lines</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4838"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4839
     4840<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4841"Times New Roman"'>Draws vertical and horizontal grid lines at all axis label
     4842positions. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4843
     4844<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4845"Times New Roman"'>a: add magnification region</span></b><span
     4846style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4847
     4848<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4849"Times New Roman"'>Adds a magnification region to the plot and sets the
     4850magnification amount to x2. This can be edited (or deleted) in the table that
     4851is shown when the main PWDR tree entry is selected. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4852
     4853<h4 style='margin-left:.5in'>For line plots with more than one powder pattern: </h4>
     4854
     4855<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4856"Times New Roman"'>c: contour on/off</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4857"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4858
     4859<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4860"Times New Roman"'>if multiple powder profiles, then a contour plot is shown of
     4861the observed intensities. All data sets must be the same length as the first
     4862one to be included in the contour plot. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4863
     4864<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4865"Times New Roman"'>S: set color Scheme</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4866"Times New Roman"'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4867
     4868<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4869"Times New Roman"'>Select the color map used for contour plots <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4870
     4871<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4872"Times New Roman"'>m: toggle single/multiple plot</span></b><span
     4873style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4874
     4875<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4876"Times New Roman"'>for multiple powder profiles, this will show only the one
     4877selected from the data tree. The offset options (below) are not active. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4878
     4879<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4880"Times New Roman"'>f: select data</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4881"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4882
     4883<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4884"Times New Roman"'>Allows only some powder patterns to be plotted, rather than
     4885all. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4886
     4887<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4888"Times New Roman"'>+,=: no selection</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4889"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4890
     4891<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4892"Times New Roman"'>for multiple powder profiles, only the observed curve is
     4893shown when this mode is turned on ('+' and '=' do exactly the same thing).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4894
     4895<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4896"Times New Roman"'>/: normalize</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4897"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4898
     4899<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4900"Times New Roman"'>for multiple powder profiles, all diffraction datasets are
     4901normalized so that the maximum intensity is 1. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4902
     4903<h4 style='margin-left:.5in'>Offset modes for line plots in waterfall mode
     4904(multiple patterns only): </h4>
     4905
     4906<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4907"Times New Roman"'>l: offset left</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4908"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4909
     4910<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4911"Times New Roman"'>for a waterfall plot of multiple powder profiles, increase
     4912the offset so that later plots are shifted more to the left relative to
     4913previous plots. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4914
     4915<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4916"Times New Roman"'>r: offset right</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4917"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4918
     4919<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4920"Times New Roman"'>for a waterfall plot of multiple powder profiles, increase
     4921the offset to the right (or decrease the left offset.) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4922
     4923<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4924"Times New Roman"'>d,D: offset down</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4925"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4926
     4927<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4928"Times New Roman"'>for a waterfall plot of multiple powder profiles, increase
     4929the offset down. (D does the same as d but to a much larger amount) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4930
     4931<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4932"Times New Roman"'>u,U: offset up</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4933"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4934
     4935<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4936"Times New Roman"'>for a waterfall plot of multiple powder profiles, increase
     4937the offset up. (U does the same as u but to a much larger amount) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4938
     4939<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4940"Times New Roman"'>o: reset offset</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4941"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4942
     4943<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4944"Times New Roman"'>for a waterfall plot of multiple powder profiles, reset to
     4945no offset. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4946
     4947<h4 style='margin-left:.5in'>For contour plots:</h4>
     4948
     4949<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4950"Times New Roman"'>d: lower contour max</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4951"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4952
     4953<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4954"Times New Roman"'>this lowers the level chosen for the highest contour color. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4955
     4956<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4957"Times New Roman"'>u: raise contour max</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4958"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4959
     4960<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4961"Times New Roman"'>this raises the level chosen for the highest contour color <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4962
     4963<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4964"Times New Roman"'>i: interpolation method</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4965"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4966
     4967<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4968"Times New Roman"'>this changes the method used to represent the contours. If
     4969selected a dialog box appears with all the possible choices. Default is
     4970‘nearest’; the other useful choice is ‘bilinear’, this will smooth out the
     4971contours. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4972
     4973<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4974"Times New Roman"'>s: color scheme</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4975"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4976
     4977<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4978"Times New Roman"'>this changes the color scheme for the contouring. Default is
     4979‘Paired’, black/ white options are ‘Greys’ and ‘binary’ (for black on white) or
     4980‘gray’ (for white on black). Others can be very colorful (but not useful!) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4981
     4982<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.75in'><b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4983"Times New Roman"'>c: contour off/on</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4984"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4985
     4986<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
     4987"Times New Roman"'>this turns off contouring and returns to a waterfall plot
     4988with any offsets applied. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
     4989
     4990<h4 style='margin-left:.5in'>For display of reflections from magnetic unit
     4991space groups </h4>
     4992
     4993