source: trunk/help/gsasII.html @ 624

Last change on this file since 624 was 624, checked in by vondreele, 10 years ago

changes to reflect import options & removal of items from data menu

  • Property svn:keywords set to Author
  • Property svn:mime-type set to text/html
File size: 224.3 KB
Line 
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25  <o:Author>Von Dreele</o:Author>
26  <o:LastAuthor>Von Dreele</o:LastAuthor>
27  <o:Revision>94</o:Revision>
28  <o:TotalTime>2877</o:TotalTime>
29  <o:Created>2011-11-28T16:49:00Z</o:Created>
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34  <o:Company>Argonne National Laboratory</o:Company>
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380        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
381        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
382h1
383        {mso-style-priority:9;
384        mso-style-unhide:no;
385        mso-style-qformat:yes;
386        mso-style-link:"Heading 1 Char";
387        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
388        margin-right:0in;
389        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
390        margin-left:0in;
391        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
392        mso-outline-level:1;
393        font-size:24.0pt;
394        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
395        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
396        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
397        font-weight:bold;}
398h2
399        {mso-style-priority:9;
400        mso-style-unhide:no;
401        mso-style-qformat:yes;
402        mso-style-link:"Heading 2 Char";
403        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
404        margin-right:0in;
405        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
406        margin-left:0in;
407        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
408        mso-outline-level:2;
409        font-size:18.0pt;
410        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
411        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
412        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
413        font-weight:bold;}
414h3
415        {mso-style-priority:9;
416        mso-style-unhide:no;
417        mso-style-qformat:yes;
418        mso-style-link:"Heading 3 Char";
419        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
420        margin-right:0in;
421        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
422        margin-left:0in;
423        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
424        mso-outline-level:3;
425        font-size:13.5pt;
426        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
427        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
428        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
429        font-weight:bold;}
430h4
431        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
432        mso-style-priority:9;
433        mso-style-qformat:yes;
434        mso-style-link:"Heading 4 Char";
435        mso-style-next:Normal;
436        margin-top:10.0pt;
437        margin-right:0in;
438        margin-bottom:0in;
439        margin-left:0in;
440        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
441        mso-pagination:widow-orphan lines-together;
442        page-break-after:avoid;
443        mso-outline-level:4;
444        font-size:13.0pt;
445        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
446        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
447        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
448        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
449        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
450        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
451        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
452        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
453        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
454        color:#4F81BD;
455        mso-themecolor:accent1;
456        font-weight:bold;
457        font-style:italic;}
458h5
459        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
460        mso-style-priority:9;
461        mso-style-qformat:yes;
462        mso-style-link:"Heading 5 Char";
463        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
464        margin-right:0in;
465        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
466        margin-left:0in;
467        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
468        mso-outline-level:5;
469        font-size:12.0pt;
470        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
471        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
472        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
473        color:#4F4FFF;
474        font-weight:bold;}
475p.MsoTitle, li.MsoTitle, div.MsoTitle
476        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
477        mso-style-priority:10;
478        mso-style-unhide:no;
479        mso-style-qformat:yes;
480        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
481        mso-style-next:Normal;
482        margin-top:0in;
483        margin-right:0in;
484        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
485        margin-left:0in;
486        mso-add-space:auto;
487        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
488        border:none;
489        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
490        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
491        padding:0in;
492        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
493        font-size:26.0pt;
494        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
495        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
496        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
497        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
498        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
499        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
500        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
501        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
502        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
503        color:#17365D;
504        mso-themecolor:text2;
505        mso-themeshade:191;
506        letter-spacing:.25pt;
507        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
508p.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, li.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, div.MsoTitleCxSpFirst
509        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
510        mso-style-priority:10;
511        mso-style-unhide:no;
512        mso-style-qformat:yes;
513        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
514        mso-style-next:Normal;
515        mso-style-type:export-only;
516        margin:0in;
517        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
518        mso-add-space:auto;
519        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
520        border:none;
521        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
522        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
523        padding:0in;
524        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
525        font-size:26.0pt;
526        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
527        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
528        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
529        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
530        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
531        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
532        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
533        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
534        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
535        color:#17365D;
536        mso-themecolor:text2;
537        mso-themeshade:191;
538        letter-spacing:.25pt;
539        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
540p.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, li.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, div.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle
541        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
542        mso-style-priority:10;
543        mso-style-unhide:no;
544        mso-style-qformat:yes;
545        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
546        mso-style-next:Normal;
547        mso-style-type:export-only;
548        margin:0in;
549        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
550        mso-add-space:auto;
551        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
552        border:none;
553        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
554        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
555        padding:0in;
556        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
557        font-size:26.0pt;
558        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
559        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
560        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
561        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
562        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
563        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
564        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
565        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
566        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
567        color:#17365D;
568        mso-themecolor:text2;
569        mso-themeshade:191;
570        letter-spacing:.25pt;
571        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
572p.MsoTitleCxSpLast, li.MsoTitleCxSpLast, div.MsoTitleCxSpLast
573        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
574        mso-style-priority:10;
575        mso-style-unhide:no;
576        mso-style-qformat:yes;
577        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
578        mso-style-next:Normal;
579        mso-style-type:export-only;
580        margin-top:0in;
581        margin-right:0in;
582        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
583        margin-left:0in;
584        mso-add-space:auto;
585        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
586        border:none;
587        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
588        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
589        padding:0in;
590        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
591        font-size:26.0pt;
592        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
593        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
594        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
595        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
596        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
597        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
598        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
599        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
600        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
601        color:#17365D;
602        mso-themecolor:text2;
603        mso-themeshade:191;
604        letter-spacing:.25pt;
605        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
606a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
607        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
608        mso-style-priority:99;
609        color:blue;
610        text-decoration:underline;
611        text-underline:single;}
612a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
613        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
614        mso-style-priority:99;
615        color:purple;
616        text-decoration:underline;
617        text-underline:single;}
618p.MsoDocumentMap, li.MsoDocumentMap, div.MsoDocumentMap
619        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
620        mso-style-priority:99;
621        mso-style-link:"Document Map Char";
622        margin:0in;
623        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
624        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
625        font-size:8.0pt;
626        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
627        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
628        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
629p
630        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
631        mso-style-priority:99;
632        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
633        margin-right:0in;
634        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
635        margin-left:0in;
636        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
637        font-size:12.0pt;
638        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
639        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
640        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
641pre
642        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
643        mso-style-priority:99;
644        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
645        margin:0in;
646        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
647        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
648        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
649        font-size:10.0pt;
650        font-family:"Courier New";
651        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
652p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
653        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
654        mso-style-priority:99;
655        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
656        margin:0in;
657        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
658        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
659        font-size:8.0pt;
660        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
661        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
662        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
663span.MsoPlaceholderText
664        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
665        mso-style-priority:99;
666        mso-style-unhide:no;
667        color:gray;}
668p.MsoNoSpacing, li.MsoNoSpacing, div.MsoNoSpacing
669        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
670        mso-style-priority:1;
671        mso-style-unhide:no;
672        mso-style-qformat:yes;
673        mso-style-parent:"";
674        margin:0in;
675        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
676        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
677        font-size:12.0pt;
678        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
679        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
680        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
681p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
682        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
683        mso-style-priority:34;
684        mso-style-unhide:no;
685        mso-style-qformat:yes;
686        margin-top:0in;
687        margin-right:0in;
688        margin-bottom:0in;
689        margin-left:.5in;
690        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
691        mso-add-space:auto;
692        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
693        font-size:12.0pt;
694        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
695        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
696        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
697p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
698        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
699        mso-style-priority:34;
700        mso-style-unhide:no;
701        mso-style-qformat:yes;
702        mso-style-type:export-only;
703        margin-top:0in;
704        margin-right:0in;
705        margin-bottom:0in;
706        margin-left:.5in;
707        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
708        mso-add-space:auto;
709        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
710        font-size:12.0pt;
711        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
712        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
713        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
714p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
715        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
716        mso-style-priority:34;
717        mso-style-unhide:no;
718        mso-style-qformat:yes;
719        mso-style-type:export-only;
720        margin-top:0in;
721        margin-right:0in;
722        margin-bottom:0in;
723        margin-left:.5in;
724        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
725        mso-add-space:auto;
726        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
727        font-size:12.0pt;
728        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
729        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
730        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
731p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
732        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
733        mso-style-priority:34;
734        mso-style-unhide:no;
735        mso-style-qformat:yes;
736        mso-style-type:export-only;
737        margin-top:0in;
738        margin-right:0in;
739        margin-bottom:0in;
740        margin-left:.5in;
741        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
742        mso-add-space:auto;
743        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
744        font-size:12.0pt;
745        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
746        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
747        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
748span.MsoIntenseReference
749        {mso-style-priority:32;
750        mso-style-unhide:no;
751        mso-style-qformat:yes;
752        font-variant:small-caps;
753        color:#C0504D;
754        mso-themecolor:accent2;
755        letter-spacing:.25pt;
756        font-weight:bold;
757        text-decoration:underline;
758        text-underline:single;}
759span.Heading1Char
760        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
761        mso-style-priority:9;
762        mso-style-unhide:no;
763        mso-style-locked:yes;
764        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
765        mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;
766        mso-bidi-font-size:14.0pt;
767        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
768        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
769        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
770        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
771        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
772        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
773        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
774        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
775        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
776        color:#365F91;
777        mso-themecolor:accent1;
778        mso-themeshade:191;
779        font-weight:bold;}
780span.Heading2Char
781        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
782        mso-style-noshow:yes;
783        mso-style-priority:9;
784        mso-style-unhide:no;
785        mso-style-locked:yes;
786        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
787        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
788        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
789        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
790        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
791        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
792        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
793        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
794        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
795        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
796        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
797        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
798        color:#4F81BD;
799        mso-themecolor:accent1;
800        font-weight:bold;}
801span.Heading3Char
802        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
803        mso-style-noshow:yes;
804        mso-style-priority:9;
805        mso-style-unhide:no;
806        mso-style-locked:yes;
807        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
808        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
809        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
810        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
811        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
812        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
813        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
814        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
815        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
816        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
817        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
818        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
819        color:#4F81BD;
820        mso-themecolor:accent1;
821        font-weight:bold;}
822span.Heading4Char
823        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
824        mso-style-noshow:yes;
825        mso-style-priority:9;
826        mso-style-unhide:no;
827        mso-style-locked:yes;
828        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
829        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
830        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
831        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
832        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
833        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
834        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
835        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
836        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
837        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
838        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
839        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
840        color:#4F81BD;
841        mso-themecolor:accent1;
842        font-weight:bold;
843        font-style:italic;}
844span.Heading5Char
845        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
846        mso-style-noshow:yes;
847        mso-style-priority:9;
848        mso-style-unhide:no;
849        mso-style-locked:yes;
850        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
851        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
852        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
853        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
854        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
855        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
856        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
857        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
858        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
859        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
860        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
861        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
862        color:#243F60;
863        mso-themecolor:accent1;
864        mso-themeshade:127;}
865span.HTMLPreformattedChar
866        {mso-style-name:"HTML Preformatted Char";
867        mso-style-noshow:yes;
868        mso-style-priority:99;
869        mso-style-unhide:no;
870        mso-style-locked:yes;
871        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted";
872        font-family:"Courier New";
873        mso-ascii-font-family:"Courier New";
874        mso-hansi-font-family:"Courier New";
875        mso-bidi-font-family:"Courier New";}
876span.TitleChar
877        {mso-style-name:"Title Char";
878        mso-style-priority:10;
879        mso-style-unhide:no;
880        mso-style-locked:yes;
881        mso-style-link:Title;
882        mso-ansi-font-size:26.0pt;
883        mso-bidi-font-size:26.0pt;
884        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
885        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
886        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
887        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
888        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
889        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
890        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
891        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
892        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
893        color:#17365D;
894        mso-themecolor:text2;
895        mso-themeshade:191;
896        letter-spacing:.25pt;
897        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
898span.DocumentMapChar
899        {mso-style-name:"Document Map Char";
900        mso-style-noshow:yes;
901        mso-style-priority:99;
902        mso-style-unhide:no;
903        mso-style-locked:yes;
904        mso-style-link:"Document Map";
905        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
906        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
907        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
908        mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
909        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
910        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
911        mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;
912        mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;}
913span.BalloonTextChar
914        {mso-style-name:"Balloon Text Char";
915        mso-style-noshow:yes;
916        mso-style-priority:99;
917        mso-style-unhide:no;
918        mso-style-locked:yes;
919        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text";
920        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
921        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
922        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
923        mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
924        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
925        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
926        mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;
927        mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;}
928span.SpellE
929        {mso-style-name:"";
930        mso-spl-e:yes;}
931span.GramE
932        {mso-style-name:"";
933        mso-gram-e:yes;}
934.MsoChpDefault
935        {mso-style-type:export-only;
936        mso-default-props:yes;
937        font-size:10.0pt;
938        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
939        mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;}
940@page WordSection1
941        {size:8.5in 11.0in;
942        margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in;
943        mso-header-margin:.5in;
944        mso-footer-margin:.5in;
945        mso-paper-source:0;}
946div.WordSection1
947        {page:WordSection1;}
948 /* List Definitions */
949 @list l0
950        {mso-list-id:142163818;
951        mso-list-type:hybrid;
952        mso-list-template-ids:773461610 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
953@list l0:level1
954        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
955        mso-level-number-position:left;
956        text-indent:-.25in;}
957@list l0:level2
958        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
959        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
960        mso-level-number-position:left;
961        text-indent:-.25in;}
962@list l0:level3
963        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
964        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
965        mso-level-number-position:right;
966        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
967@list l0:level4
968        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
969        mso-level-number-position:left;
970        text-indent:-.25in;}
971@list l0:level5
972        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
973        mso-level-number-position:left;
974        text-indent:-.25in;}
975@list l0:level6
976        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
977        mso-level-number-position:left;
978        text-indent:-.25in;}
979@list l0:level7
980        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
981        mso-level-number-position:left;
982        text-indent:-.25in;}
983@list l0:level8
984        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
985        mso-level-number-position:left;
986        text-indent:-.25in;}
987@list l0:level9
988        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
989        mso-level-number-position:left;
990        text-indent:-.25in;}
991@list l1
992        {mso-list-id:203979460;
993        mso-list-template-ids:88359672;}
994@list l1:level1
995        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
996        mso-level-text:\F0B7;
997        mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
998        mso-level-number-position:left;
999        text-indent:-.25in;
1000        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
1001        font-family:Symbol;}
1002@list l1:level2
1003        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1004        mso-level-number-position:left;
1005        text-indent:-.25in;}
1006@list l1:level3
1007        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1008        mso-level-number-position:left;
1009        text-indent:-.25in;}
1010@list l1:level4
1011        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1012        mso-level-number-position:left;
1013        text-indent:-.25in;}
1014@list l1:level5
1015        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1016        mso-level-number-position:left;
1017        text-indent:-.25in;}
1018@list l1:level6
1019        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1020        mso-level-number-position:left;
1021        text-indent:-.25in;}
1022@list l1:level7
1023        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1024        mso-level-number-position:left;
1025        text-indent:-.25in;}
1026@list l1:level8
1027        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1028        mso-level-number-position:left;
1029        text-indent:-.25in;}
1030@list l1:level9
1031        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1032        mso-level-number-position:left;
1033        text-indent:-.25in;}
1034@list l2
1035        {mso-list-id:268514595;
1036        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1037        mso-list-template-ids:-1814001090 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1038@list l2:level1
1039        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1040        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1041        mso-level-number-position:left;
1042        margin-left:1.0in;
1043        text-indent:-.25in;
1044        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
1045@list l2:level2
1046        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1047        mso-level-number-position:left;
1048        text-indent:-.25in;}
1049@list l2:level3
1050        {mso-level-tab-stop:112.5pt;
1051        mso-level-number-position:left;
1052        margin-left:112.5pt;
1053        text-indent:-.25in;}
1054@list l2:level4
1055        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1056        mso-level-number-position:left;
1057        text-indent:-.25in;}
1058@list l2:level5
1059        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1060        mso-level-number-position:left;
1061        text-indent:-.25in;}
1062@list l2:level6
1063        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1064        mso-level-number-position:left;
1065        text-indent:-.25in;}
1066@list l2:level7
1067        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1068        mso-level-number-position:left;
1069        text-indent:-.25in;}
1070@list l2:level8
1071        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1072        mso-level-number-position:left;
1073        text-indent:-.25in;}
1074@list l2:level9
1075        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1076        mso-level-number-position:left;
1077        text-indent:-.25in;}
1078@list l3
1079        {mso-list-id:301277244;
1080        mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
1081@list l3:level1
1082        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1083        mso-level-number-position:left;
1084        text-indent:-.25in;}
1085@list l3:level2
1086        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1087        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1088        mso-level-number-position:left;
1089        text-indent:-.25in;}
1090@list l3:level3
1091        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1092        mso-level-number-position:left;
1093        text-indent:-.25in;}
1094@list l3:level4
1095        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1096        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1097        mso-level-number-position:left;
1098        text-indent:-.25in;}
1099@list l3:level5
1100        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1101        mso-level-number-position:left;
1102        text-indent:-.25in;}
1103@list l3:level6
1104        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1105        mso-level-number-position:left;
1106        text-indent:-.25in;}
1107@list l3:level7
1108        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1109        mso-level-number-position:left;
1110        text-indent:-.25in;}
1111@list l3:level8
1112        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1113        mso-level-number-position:left;
1114        text-indent:-.25in;}
1115@list l3:level9
1116        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1117        mso-level-number-position:left;
1118        text-indent:-.25in;}
1119@list l4
1120        {mso-list-id:424421782;
1121        mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
1122@list l4:level1
1123        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1124        mso-level-number-position:left;
1125        text-indent:-.25in;}
1126@list l4:level2
1127        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1128        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1129        mso-level-number-position:left;
1130        text-indent:-.25in;}
1131@list l4:level3
1132        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1133        mso-level-number-position:left;
1134        text-indent:-.25in;}
1135@list l4:level4
1136        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1137        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1138        mso-level-number-position:left;
1139        text-indent:-.25in;}
1140@list l4:level5
1141        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1142        mso-level-number-position:left;
1143        text-indent:-.25in;}
1144@list l4:level6
1145        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1146        mso-level-number-position:left;
1147        text-indent:-.25in;}
1148@list l4:level7
1149        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1150        mso-level-number-position:left;
1151        text-indent:-.25in;}
1152@list l4:level8
1153        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1154        mso-level-number-position:left;
1155        text-indent:-.25in;}
1156@list l4:level9
1157        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1158        mso-level-number-position:left;
1159        text-indent:-.25in;}
1160@list l5
1161        {mso-list-id:617220658;
1162        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1163        mso-list-template-ids:1177170962 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1164@list l5:level1
1165        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1166        mso-level-number-position:left;
1167        text-indent:-.25in;}
1168@list l5:level2
1169        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1170        mso-level-number-position:left;
1171        text-indent:-.25in;}
1172@list l5:level3
1173        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1174        mso-level-number-position:left;
1175        text-indent:-.25in;}
1176@list l5:level4
1177        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1178        mso-level-number-position:left;
1179        text-indent:-.25in;}
1180@list l5:level5
1181        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1182        mso-level-number-position:left;
1183        text-indent:-.25in;}
1184@list l5:level6
1185        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1186        mso-level-number-position:left;
1187        text-indent:-.25in;}
1188@list l5:level7
1189        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1190        mso-level-number-position:left;
1191        text-indent:-.25in;}
1192@list l5:level8
1193        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1194        mso-level-number-position:left;
1195        text-indent:-.25in;}
1196@list l5:level9
1197        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1198        mso-level-number-position:left;
1199        text-indent:-.25in;}
1200@list l6
1201        {mso-list-id:649361966;
1202        mso-list-template-ids:326264828;}
1203@list l6:level1
1204        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1205        mso-level-number-position:left;
1206        text-indent:-.25in;}
1207@list l6:level2
1208        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1209        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1210        mso-level-number-position:left;
1211        text-indent:-.25in;
1212        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
1213        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
1214        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;
1215        mso-ansi-font-style:normal;}
1216@list l6:level3
1217        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1218        mso-level-number-position:left;
1219        text-indent:-.25in;}
1220@list l6:level4
1221        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1222        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1223        mso-level-number-position:left;
1224        text-indent:-.25in;}
1225@list l6:level5
1226        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1227        mso-level-number-position:left;
1228        text-indent:-.25in;}
1229@list l6:level6
1230        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1231        mso-level-number-position:left;
1232        text-indent:-.25in;}
1233@list l6:level7
1234        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1235        mso-level-number-position:left;
1236        text-indent:-.25in;}
1237@list l6:level8
1238        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1239        mso-level-number-position:left;
1240        text-indent:-.25in;}
1241@list l6:level9
1242        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1243        mso-level-number-position:left;
1244        text-indent:-.25in;}
1245@list l7
1246        {mso-list-id:656106218;
1247        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1248        mso-list-template-ids:185874704 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1249@list l7:level1
1250        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1251        mso-level-number-position:left;
1252        text-indent:-.25in;}
1253@list l7:level2
1254        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1255        mso-level-number-position:left;
1256        text-indent:-.25in;}
1257@list l7:level3
1258        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1259        mso-level-number-position:left;
1260        text-indent:-.25in;}
1261@list l7:level4
1262        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1263        mso-level-number-position:left;
1264        text-indent:-.25in;}
1265@list l7:level5
1266        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1267        mso-level-number-position:left;
1268        text-indent:-.25in;}
1269@list l7:level6
1270        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1271        mso-level-number-position:left;
1272        text-indent:-.25in;}
1273@list l7:level7
1274        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1275        mso-level-number-position:left;
1276        text-indent:-.25in;}
1277@list l7:level8
1278        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1279        mso-level-number-position:left;
1280        text-indent:-.25in;}
1281@list l7:level9
1282        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1283        mso-level-number-position:left;
1284        text-indent:-.25in;}
1285@list l8
1286        {mso-list-id:734669460;
1287        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1288        mso-list-template-ids:1988758972 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1289@list l8:level1
1290        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1291        mso-level-number-position:left;
1292        text-indent:-.25in;}
1293@list l8:level2
1294        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1295        mso-level-number-position:left;
1296        text-indent:-.25in;}
1297@list l8:level3
1298        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1299        mso-level-number-position:left;
1300        text-indent:-.25in;}
1301@list l8:level4
1302        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1303        mso-level-number-position:left;
1304        text-indent:-.25in;}
1305@list l8:level5
1306        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1307        mso-level-number-position:left;
1308        text-indent:-.25in;}
1309@list l8:level6
1310        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1311        mso-level-number-position:left;
1312        text-indent:-.25in;}
1313@list l8:level7
1314        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1315        mso-level-number-position:left;
1316        text-indent:-.25in;}
1317@list l8:level8
1318        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1319        mso-level-number-position:left;
1320        text-indent:-.25in;}
1321@list l8:level9
1322        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1323        mso-level-number-position:left;
1324        text-indent:-.25in;}
1325@list l9
1326        {mso-list-id:742676264;
1327        mso-list-template-ids:326264828;}
1328@list l9:level1
1329        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1330        mso-level-number-position:left;
1331        text-indent:-.25in;}
1332@list l9:level2
1333        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1334        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1335        mso-level-number-position:left;
1336        text-indent:-.25in;
1337        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
1338        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
1339        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;
1340        mso-ansi-font-style:normal;}
1341@list l9:level3
1342        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1343        mso-level-number-position:left;
1344        text-indent:-.25in;}
1345@list l9:level4
1346        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1347        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1348        mso-level-number-position:left;
1349        text-indent:-.25in;}
1350@list l9:level5
1351        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1352        mso-level-number-position:left;
1353        text-indent:-.25in;}
1354@list l9:level6
1355        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1356        mso-level-number-position:left;
1357        text-indent:-.25in;}
1358@list l9:level7
1359        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1360        mso-level-number-position:left;
1361        text-indent:-.25in;}
1362@list l9:level8
1363        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1364        mso-level-number-position:left;
1365        text-indent:-.25in;}
1366@list l9:level9
1367        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1368        mso-level-number-position:left;
1369        text-indent:-.25in;}
1370@list l10
1371        {mso-list-id:919948450;
1372        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1373        mso-list-template-ids:-1980985146 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1374@list l10:level1
1375        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1376        mso-level-number-position:left;
1377        text-indent:-.25in;}
1378@list l10:level2
1379        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1380        mso-level-number-position:left;
1381        text-indent:-.25in;}
1382@list l10:level3
1383        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1384        mso-level-number-position:left;
1385        text-indent:-.25in;}
1386@list l10:level4
1387        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1388        mso-level-number-position:left;
1389        text-indent:-.25in;}
1390@list l10:level5
1391        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1392        mso-level-number-position:left;
1393        text-indent:-.25in;}
1394@list l10:level6
1395        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1396        mso-level-number-position:left;
1397        text-indent:-.25in;}
1398@list l10:level7
1399        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1400        mso-level-number-position:left;
1401        text-indent:-.25in;}
1402@list l10:level8
1403        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1404        mso-level-number-position:left;
1405        text-indent:-.25in;}
1406@list l10:level9
1407        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1408        mso-level-number-position:left;
1409        text-indent:-.25in;}
1410@list l11
1411        {mso-list-id:1035230400;
1412        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1413        mso-list-template-ids:-2012591744 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1414@list l11:level1
1415        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1416        mso-level-number-position:left;
1417        text-indent:-.25in;}
1418@list l11:level2
1419        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1420        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1421        mso-level-number-position:left;
1422        text-indent:-.25in;}
1423@list l11:level3
1424        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1425        mso-level-number-position:left;
1426        text-indent:-.25in;}
1427@list l11:level4
1428        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1429        mso-level-number-position:left;
1430        text-indent:-.25in;}
1431@list l11:level5
1432        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1433        mso-level-number-position:left;
1434        text-indent:-.25in;}
1435@list l11:level6
1436        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1437        mso-level-number-position:left;
1438        text-indent:-.25in;}
1439@list l11:level7
1440        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1441        mso-level-number-position:left;
1442        text-indent:-.25in;}
1443@list l11:level8
1444        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1445        mso-level-number-position:left;
1446        text-indent:-.25in;}
1447@list l11:level9
1448        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1449        mso-level-number-position:left;
1450        text-indent:-.25in;}
1451@list l12
1452        {mso-list-id:1074664733;
1453        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1454        mso-list-template-ids:2033622918 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1455@list l12:level1
1456        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1457        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1458        mso-level-number-position:left;
1459        margin-left:1.0in;
1460        text-indent:-.25in;
1461        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
1462@list l12:level2
1463        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1464        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1465        mso-level-number-position:left;
1466        text-indent:-.25in;}
1467@list l12:level3
1468        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1469        mso-level-number-position:left;
1470        text-indent:-.25in;}
1471@list l12:level4
1472        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1473        mso-level-number-position:left;
1474        text-indent:-.25in;}
1475@list l12:level5
1476        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1477        mso-level-number-position:left;
1478        text-indent:-.25in;}
1479@list l12:level6
1480        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1481        mso-level-number-position:left;
1482        text-indent:-.25in;}
1483@list l12:level7
1484        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1485        mso-level-number-position:left;
1486        text-indent:-.25in;}
1487@list l12:level8
1488        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1489        mso-level-number-position:left;
1490        text-indent:-.25in;}
1491@list l12:level9
1492        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1493        mso-level-number-position:left;
1494        text-indent:-.25in;}
1495@list l13
1496        {mso-list-id:1162892763;
1497        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1498        mso-list-template-ids:2091276960 -1984140816 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1499@list l13:level1
1500        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1501        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1502        mso-level-number-position:left;
1503        margin-left:1.0in;
1504        text-indent:-.25in;}
1505@list l13:level2
1506        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1507        mso-level-number-position:left;
1508        text-indent:-.25in;}
1509@list l13:level3
1510        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1511        mso-level-number-position:left;
1512        text-indent:-.25in;}
1513@list l13:level4
1514        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1515        mso-level-number-position:left;
1516        text-indent:-.25in;}
1517@list l13:level5
1518        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1519        mso-level-number-position:left;
1520        text-indent:-.25in;}
1521@list l13:level6
1522        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1523        mso-level-number-position:left;
1524        text-indent:-.25in;}
1525@list l13:level7
1526        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1527        mso-level-number-position:left;
1528        text-indent:-.25in;}
1529@list l13:level8
1530        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1531        mso-level-number-position:left;
1532        text-indent:-.25in;}
1533@list l13:level9
1534        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1535        mso-level-number-position:left;
1536        text-indent:-.25in;}
1537@list l14
1538        {mso-list-id:1323200535;
1539        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1540        mso-list-template-ids:-720724778 859726762 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1541@list l14:level1
1542        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1543        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1544        mso-level-number-position:left;
1545        margin-left:1.0in;
1546        text-indent:-.25in;}
1547@list l14:level2
1548        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1549        mso-level-number-position:left;
1550        text-indent:-.25in;}
1551@list l14:level3
1552        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1553        mso-level-number-position:left;
1554        text-indent:-.25in;}
1555@list l14:level4
1556        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1557        mso-level-number-position:left;
1558        text-indent:-.25in;}
1559@list l14:level5
1560        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1561        mso-level-number-position:left;
1562        text-indent:-.25in;}
1563@list l14:level6
1564        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1565        mso-level-number-position:left;
1566        text-indent:-.25in;}
1567@list l14:level7
1568        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1569        mso-level-number-position:left;
1570        text-indent:-.25in;}
1571@list l14:level8
1572        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1573        mso-level-number-position:left;
1574        text-indent:-.25in;}
1575@list l14:level9
1576        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1577        mso-level-number-position:left;
1578        text-indent:-.25in;}
1579@list l15
1580        {mso-list-id:1326516832;
1581        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1582        mso-list-template-ids:1433942448 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1583@list l15:level1
1584        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1585        mso-level-number-position:left;
1586        text-indent:-.25in;}
1587@list l15:level2
1588        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1589        mso-level-number-position:left;
1590        text-indent:-.25in;}
1591@list l15:level3
1592        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1593        mso-level-number-position:left;
1594        text-indent:-.25in;}
1595@list l15:level4
1596        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1597        mso-level-number-position:left;
1598        text-indent:-.25in;}
1599@list l15:level5
1600        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1601        mso-level-number-position:left;
1602        text-indent:-.25in;}
1603@list l15:level6
1604        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1605        mso-level-number-position:left;
1606        text-indent:-.25in;}
1607@list l15:level7
1608        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1609        mso-level-number-position:left;
1610        text-indent:-.25in;}
1611@list l15:level8
1612        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1613        mso-level-number-position:left;
1614        text-indent:-.25in;}
1615@list l15:level9
1616        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1617        mso-level-number-position:left;
1618        text-indent:-.25in;}
1619@list l16
1620        {mso-list-id:1394309879;
1621        mso-list-template-ids:326264828;}
1622@list l16:level1
1623        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1624        mso-level-number-position:left;
1625        text-indent:-.25in;}
1626@list l16:level2
1627        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1628        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1629        mso-level-number-position:left;
1630        text-indent:-.25in;
1631        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
1632        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
1633        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;
1634        mso-ansi-font-style:normal;}
1635@list l16:level3
1636        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1637        mso-level-number-position:left;
1638        text-indent:-.25in;}
1639@list l16:level4
1640        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1641        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1642        mso-level-number-position:left;
1643        text-indent:-.25in;}
1644@list l16:level5
1645        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1646        mso-level-number-position:left;
1647        text-indent:-.25in;}
1648@list l16:level6
1649        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1650        mso-level-number-position:left;
1651        text-indent:-.25in;}
1652@list l16:level7
1653        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1654        mso-level-number-position:left;
1655        text-indent:-.25in;}
1656@list l16:level8
1657        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1658        mso-level-number-position:left;
1659        text-indent:-.25in;}
1660@list l16:level9
1661        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1662        mso-level-number-position:left;
1663        text-indent:-.25in;}
1664@list l17
1665        {mso-list-id:1602683002;
1666        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1667        mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1668@list l17:level1
1669        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1670        mso-level-number-position:left;
1671        text-indent:-.25in;}
1672@list l17:level2
1673        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1674        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1675        mso-level-number-position:left;
1676        text-indent:-.25in;}
1677@list l17:level3
1678        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1679        mso-level-number-position:left;
1680        text-indent:-.25in;}
1681@list l17:level4
1682        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1683        mso-level-number-position:left;
1684        text-indent:-.25in;}
1685@list l17:level5
1686        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1687        mso-level-number-position:left;
1688        text-indent:-.25in;}
1689@list l17:level6
1690        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1691        mso-level-number-position:left;
1692        text-indent:-.25in;}
1693@list l17:level7
1694        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1695        mso-level-number-position:left;
1696        text-indent:-.25in;}
1697@list l17:level8
1698        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1699        mso-level-number-position:left;
1700        text-indent:-.25in;}
1701@list l17:level9
1702        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1703        mso-level-number-position:left;
1704        text-indent:-.25in;}
1705@list l18
1706        {mso-list-id:1669404025;
1707        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1708        mso-list-template-ids:-1814001090 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1709@list l18:level1
1710        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1711        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1712        mso-level-number-position:left;
1713        margin-left:1.0in;
1714        text-indent:-.25in;
1715        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
1716@list l18:level2
1717        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1718        mso-level-number-position:left;
1719        text-indent:-.25in;}
1720@list l18:level3
1721        {mso-level-tab-stop:112.5pt;
1722        mso-level-number-position:left;
1723        margin-left:112.5pt;
1724        text-indent:-.25in;}
1725@list l18:level4
1726        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1727        mso-level-number-position:left;
1728        text-indent:-.25in;}
1729@list l18:level5
1730        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
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1908ol
1909        {margin-bottom:0in;}
1910ul
1911        {margin-bottom:0in;}
1912-->
1913</style>
1914<!--[if gte mso 10]>
1915<style>
1916 /* Style Definitions */
1917 table.MsoNormalTable
1918        {mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
1919        mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
1920        mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
1921        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1922        mso-style-priority:99;
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1927        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1928        font-size:10.0pt;
1929        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";}
1930</style>
1931<![endif]-->
1932<link href=gsasIIfav.png rel="SHORTCUT ICON">
1933<!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
1934 <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1027"/>
1935</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
1936 <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit">
1937  <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/>
1938 </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]-->
1939</head>
1940
1941<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
1942
1943<div class=WordSection1>
1944
1945<h1><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600"
1946 o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f"
1947 stroked="f">
1948 <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/>
1949 <v:formulas>
1950  <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/>
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1962 </v:formulas>
1963 <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/>
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1965</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_2" o:spid="_x0000_s1026" type="#_x0000_t75"
1966 alt="Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: GSAS-II logo"
1967 style='position:absolute;margin-left:44.8pt;margin-top:0;width:96pt;height:96pt;
1968 z-index:251657728;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square;
1969 mso-width-percent:0;mso-height-percent:0;mso-wrap-distance-left:0;
1970 mso-wrap-distance-top:0;mso-wrap-distance-right:0;mso-wrap-distance-bottom:0;
1971 mso-position-horizontal:right;mso-position-horizontal-relative:text;
1972 mso-position-vertical:absolute;mso-position-vertical-relative:line;
1973 mso-width-percent:0;mso-height-percent:0;mso-width-relative:page;
1974 mso-height-relative:page' o:allowoverlap="f">
1975 <v:imagedata src="gsas2logo.png"/>
1976 <w:wrap type="square" anchory="line"/>
1977</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=128 height=128 src=gsas2logo.png
1978align=right
1979alt="Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: GSAS-II logo"
1980v:shapes="Picture_x0020_2"><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Help
1981for GSAS-II<o:p></o:p></span></h1>
1982
1983<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1984is where to find help on various GSAS-II windows and plots. Note that GSAS-II
1985operates with four windows: the main <a href="#Data_tree">GSAS-II data tree</a>
1986window, which provides a hierarchical view of the current project; the <a
1987href="#Data_Frame">GSAS-II data editing</a> window, which shows the contents of
1988a particular section of the project, where values can be examined and changed;
1989the <a href="#Plots">GSAS-II Plots</a> window, which shows graphical
1990representations of the results; and the console which has printout information
1991that can be selected, cut &amp; pasted into a document. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1992
1993<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
1994
1995<h2><a name=Tutorials><strong>GSAS-II tutorials</strong></a><strong>:<o:p></o:p></strong></h2>
1996
1997<p class=MsoNormal><strong><a href="Starting%20GSAS.htm"><span
1998style='font-weight:normal'>Starting GSAS-II</span></a><o:p></o:p></strong></p>
1999
2000<p class=MsoNormal><strong><a href="Fit%20Peaks.htm"><span style='font-weight:
2001normal'>Powder pattern peak picking, fitting and indexing</span></a><o:p></o:p></strong></p>
2002
2003<p class=MsoNormal><strong><a href="Laboratory%20X.htm"><span style='font-weight:
2004normal'>Lab X-ray powder pattern Rietveld refinement</span></a><o:p></o:p></strong></p>
2005
2006<p class=MsoNormal><strong><a href="Neutron%20CW%20Powder%20Data.htm"><span
2007style='font-weight:normal'>CW Neutron powder pattern Rietveld refinement with
2008constraints</span></a><o:p></o:p></strong></p>
2009
2010<p class=MsoNormal><strong><a href="Combined%20refinement.htm"><span
2011style='font-weight:normal'>Combined neutron x-ray Rietveld refinement and
2012Fourier maps</span></a><o:p></o:p></strong></p>
2013
2014<p class=MsoNormal><strong><a
2015href="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS.htm"><span
2016style='font-weight:normal'>2-D Image calibration</span></a><o:p></o:p></strong></p>
2017
2018<p class=MsoNormal><strong><a
2019href="Integration%20of%20area%20detector%20data%20in%20GSAS.htm"><span
2020style='font-weight:normal'>2-D Image integration</span></a><o:p></o:p></strong></p>
2021
2022<p class=MsoNormal><strong>Synchrotron X-ray powder pattern Rietveld refinement<o:p></o:p></strong></p>
2023
2024<p class=MsoNormal><strong>Charge flipping structure solution (future)<o:p></o:p></strong></p>
2025
2026<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
2027style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2028
2029<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
2030
2031</span></div>
2032
2033<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
2034style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2035
2036<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
2037
2038</span></div>
2039
2040<h2><a name="Data_tree"></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>1.
2041GSAS-II data tree<o:p></o:p></span></h2>
2042
2043<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2044is a hierarchical view of the data items in your GSAS-II project (name.gpx).
2045Clicking on any item in the tree opens a window where information in that item
2046can be viewed or edited. For example, the <a href="#Sample_Parameters">&quot;Sample
2047Parameters&quot;</a> item under a &#8216;PWDR&#8217; entry contains information
2048about how data were collected, such as the sample temperature <a
2049href="#Sample_Parameters">(see below)</a>. The arrow keys (up &amp; down) move
2050the selection to successive entries in the data tree; both the data window and
2051the associated plot (if any) will change.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2052
2053<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2054
2055<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
2056menus associated with this window provide access to many features of GSAS-II,
2057as outlined below: <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2058
2059<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2060style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2061style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
2062&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
2063
2064<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2065auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2066style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2067style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2068style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Open project&#8230;</b> - Open a previously
2069saved GSAS-II project file (name.gpx). If you currently have a project file
2070open, you are asked if it is OK to over write it; Cancel will cancel the
2071process. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>NB</b>: you may open a backup <span
2072class=SpellE>gpx</span> file (e.g. name.bak3.gpx) to recover a previous version
2073of your project. Remember to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Save As</b>&#8230;
2074to e.g. name.gpx to overwrite the current version. Otherwise you may get
2075backups of your backup file (e.g. name.bak3.bak0.gpx, etc.).</p>
2076
2077<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2078auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2079style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2080style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2081style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Save project</b> &#8211; Save the current
2082project. If a file name is shown after &#8216;Loaded Data:&#8217; in the data
2083tree<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>, it will be saved
2084there. Otherwise, you will be prompted for a new name in a file dialog (you may
2085change directory as well). If the file exists, you will be asked if it OK to
2086overwrite.</span></p>
2087
2088<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2089auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2090style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2091style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2092style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Save
2093As&#8230;</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> -
2094Save the current project to a new file. A file dialog will be shown to enter
2095the name (and change directory if desired). If the file exists, you will be
2096asked if it OK to overwrite.</span></p>
2097
2098<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2099auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2100style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
2101style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2102style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Close
2103project</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2104&#8211; Close the current project; you will be asked if you want to save it
2105first.</span></p>
2106
2107<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2108auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2109style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
2110style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2111style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Exit</span></b><span
2112style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; Exit the GSAS-II
2113program; if there is a current project you will be asked if you want to save it
2114first. Pressing the red X in the upper right (Windows) also exits (no save
2115option) GSAS-II; useful for escaping from GSAS-II if needed.</span></p>
2116
2117<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><b
2118style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2119style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2120</span></span></span></b><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Menu
2121&#8216;Data&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></b></p>
2122
2123<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2124auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2125style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2126style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2127style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read image data&#8230; - Read in 2-D powder
2128diffraction images (multiple patterns can be selected). GSAS-II can read many
2129different image file</b> formats including MAR345 files, Quantum ADSC files,
2130and tiff files from Perkin-Elmer, Pilatus, and GE. Although many of these
2131formats have data fields that should contain relevant information for the
2132exposure (e.g. wavelength), these are rarely filled in correctly by the data
2133acquisition software. Thus, you should have separately noted this information
2134as it will be needed</p>
2135
2136<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2137auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2138style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2139style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2140style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read Powder Pattern Peaks&#8230;</b> - Read
2141in a list of powder pattern peak positions as either a d-spacing table or a set
2142of 2<span style='font-family:Symbol'>Q</span> positions; these can be used in
2143GSAS-II powder pattern indexing. </p>
2144
2145<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2146auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2147style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2148style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2149style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sum powder data</b> - </p>
2150
2151<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2152auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2153style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
2154style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2155style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sum image data</b> - </p>
2156
2157<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2158auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2159style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
2160style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2161style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Add phase</b> &#8211; This begins the
2162creation of a new phase in the data tree (under Phases). You are first prompted
2163in a dialog box for a name to be assigned to the new phase. Then the <b
2164style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><a href="#General">General</a></b> tab is
2165opened for this phase; you should first select the phase type, enter the space
2166group symbol and then lattice parameters. Note that nonstandard space group
2167symbols are permitted; there must be spaces between the axial fields (e.g. use
2168&#8216;P n a 21&#8217; not &#8216;Pna21&#8217;).</p>
2169
2170<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2171auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2172style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
2173style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2174style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete phase</b> &#8211; This will remove a
2175phase from the data tree. A dialog box will present the list of phases; pick
2176one (or more) to delete.</p>
2177
2178<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2179auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2180style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
2181style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2182style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Rename data</b> &#8211; This might be a bad
2183idea!!</p>
2184
2185<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2186auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2187style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>h.<span
2188style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2189style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete data</b> &#8211; This will remove an
2190item from the data tree. A dialog box with a list of choices is presented.</p>
2191
2192<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2193style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2194style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
2195&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Calculate</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
2196
2197<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2198auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2199style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2200style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2201style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Make new PDFs</b> &#8211; This creates the
2202pair distribution function (PDF) controls for each powder pattern selected in
2203the dialog box. See <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2204style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1'><a href="#PDF_Controls">PDF
2205Controls</a></span></b> for further directions.</p>
2206
2207<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2208auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2209style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2210style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2211style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>View LS <span class=SpellE>parms</span></b>
2212&#8211; This shows a dialog box with all the parameters for your project; those
2213to be refined are flagged &#8216;True&#8217;, otherwise &#8216;False&#8217;.
2214Blanks indicate parameters that are not <span class=SpellE>refinable</span>.
2215The total number of refined parameters is also shown at the top of the list.
2216The value of each parameter is also given. The parameter names are of the form
2217&#8216;p<span class=GramE>:h:name:id&#8217;</span> where &#8216;p&#8217; is the
2218phase index, &#8216;h&#8217; is the histogram index and &#8216;id&#8217; is the
2219item index (if needed). Indexes all begin with &#8216;0&#8217; (zero). Note
2220that for atom positions the value is not a <span class=SpellE>refinable</span>
2221parameter, but the shift in the value is. Position names are, e.g. &#8216;0:<span
2222class=GramE>:Ax:0&#8217;</span> for the x-position of the <span class=SpellE>zeroth</span>
2223atom in the <span class=SpellE>zeroth</span> phase while shift names have a
2224&#8216;d&#8217; in then, e.g. &#8216;0::dAx:0&#8217;. </p>
2225
2226<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2227auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2228style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2229style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2230style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Refine</b> &#8211; This performs the
2231refinement (Pawley/Rietveld or single crystal) according to the controls set in
2232the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><a href="#Controls">Controls</a></b>
2233data tree item.</p>
2234
2235<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2236auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2237style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
2238style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2239style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sequential refine</b> &#8211; This starts a
2240sequential refinement with the data sets selected in the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2241normal'><a href="#Controls">Controls</a></b> data tree item.</p>
2242
2243<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2244style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
2245style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
2246&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
2247
2248<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2249auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2250style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2251style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2252style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Phase - </b></p>
2253
2254<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2255auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2256style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2257style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2258class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>from</b></span><b
2259style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> GSAS .EXP file - </b>This reads one phase
2260from a GSAS experiment file (name.EXP). The file name is found in a directory
2261dialog; you can change directories as needed. Only .EXP (or .exp) file names
2262are shown. If the selected file has more than one phase, a dialog is shown with
2263the choices; only one can be chosen. If you want more than one, redo the <b
2264style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import/Phase/from GSAS .EXP file</b>
2265command. After selecting a phase, a dialog box is shown with the proposed phase
2266name. You can change it if desired.</p>
2267
2268<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2269auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2270style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2271style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2272class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>from</b></span><b
2273style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> PDB file</b> - This reads the
2274macromolecular phase information from a Protein Data Base file (name.PDB or
2275name.ENT). The file name is found in a directory dialog; you can change
2276directories as needed. Only .PDB or .ENT file names are shown. Be careful that
2277the space group symbol on the &#8216;CRYST1&#8217; record in the PDB file
2278follows the GSAS-II conventions (e.g. with spaces between axial fields). A
2279dialog box is shown with the proposed phase name. You can change it if desired.</p>
2280
2281<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2282auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2283style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2284style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2285class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>from</b></span><b
2286style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> CIF file</b> This reads one phase from a
2287Crystallographic Information File (name.CIF). The file name is found in a
2288directory dialog; you can change directories as needed. Only .CIF (or .<span
2289class=SpellE>cif</span>) file names are shown. If the selected file has more
2290than one phase, a dialog is shown with the choices; only one can be chosen. If
2291you want more than one, redo the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import/Phase/from
2292CIF</b> <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>file</b> command. After
2293selecting a phase, a dialog box is shown with the proposed phase name. You can
2294change it if desired.</p>
2295
2296<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2297auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2298style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
2299style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2300class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>from</b></span><b
2301style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> GSAS-II <span class=SpellE>gpx</span> file</b>
2302This reads one phase from a GSAS-II project file (name.GPX). The file name is
2303found in a directory dialog; you can change directories as needed. Only .GPX
2304(or .<span class=SpellE>gpx</span>) file names are shown. If the selected file
2305has more than one phase, a dialog is shown with the choices; only one can be
2306chosen. If you want more than one, redo the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2307normal'>Import/Phase/from GSAS-II <span class=SpellE>gpx</span> file</b>
2308command. After selecting a phase, a dialog box is shown with the proposed phase
2309name. You can change it if desired.</p>
2310
2311<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2312auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2313style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
2314style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2315class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>guess</b></span><b
2316style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> format from file </b>This attempts to read
2317one phase from a file trying the formats as described above.</p>
2318
2319<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2320auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><b
2321style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2322style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2323</span></span></span></b><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Powder
2324Data &#8211; <o:p></o:p></b></p>
2325
2326<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2327auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
2328style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2329style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2330</span></span></span></b><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>from
2331CIF file <o:p></o:p></b></p>
2332
2333<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2334auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
2335style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2336style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2337</span></span></span></b><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>from
2338GSAS file <o:p></o:p></b></p>
2339
2340<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2341auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
2342style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2343style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2344</span></span></span></b><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>from <span
2345class=SpellE>Topas</span> <span class=SpellE>xye</span> file <o:p></o:p></b></p>
2346
2347<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2348auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2349style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
2350style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2351class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>guess</b></span><b
2352style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> format from file </b>This attempts to read
2353one powder diffraction pattern (histogram) from a file trying the formats as
2354described above.</p>
2355
2356<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2357auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><b
2358style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2359style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2360</span></span></span></b><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Structure
2361Factor &#8211; <o:p></o:p></b></p>
2362
2363<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2364auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
2365style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2366style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2367</span></span></span></b><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>from
2368HKL file<o:p></o:p></b></p>
2369
2370<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2371auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
2372style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2373style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2374</span></span></span></b><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>from
2375CIF file<o:p></o:p></b></p>
2376
2377<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2378auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><b
2379style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2380style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2381</span></span></span></b><![endif]><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2382normal'>guess</b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> format from
2383file</b> This attempts to read one set of single crystal structure factors from
2384a file trying the formats as described above.<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2385normal'><o:p></o:p></b></p>
2386
2387<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2388style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
2389style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
2390&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export</b>&#8217; &#8211;</p>
2391
2392<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2393auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2394style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2395style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2396style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export Powder Patterns&#8230;</b> - </p>
2397
2398<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2399auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2400style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2401style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2402style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export All Peak Lists&#8230;</b> - </p>
2403
2404<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2405auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2406style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2407style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2408style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export HKLs&#8230;</b> - </p>
2409
2410<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2411auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2412style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
2413style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2414style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export PDF&#8230;</b> - </p>
2415
2416<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2417auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2418style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
2419style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2420style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export Phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
2421
2422<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
2423text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2424style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
2425style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2426style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export CIF&#8230;</b> - </p>
2427
2428<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
2429style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2430
2431<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
2432
2433</span></div>
2434
2435<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
2436style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2437
2438<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
2439
2440</span></div>
2441
2442<h2><a name="Data_Frame"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2.
2443GSAS-II Data Editing Window</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2444"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
2445
2446<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Different
2447information is displayed in the Data Editing Window, depending on which section
2448of the <a href="#Data_tree">data tree</a> is selected. For example, clicking on
2449the &quot;Notebook&quot; entry of the tree brings up the Notebook editing
2450window described below. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2451
2452<h4><a name=Notebook><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Notebook</span></a><span
2453style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2454
2455<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2456window provides a place for you to enter whatever text commentary you wish.
2457Each time you enter this window, a date/time entry is provided for you. A
2458possibly useful technique is to select a portion of the console window after a
2459refinement completes (it will contain refinement results with residuals, new
2460values &amp; <span class=SpellE>esds</span>) and paste it into this Notebook
2461window so it becomes a part of your project file.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2462
2463<h4><a name=Controls><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Controls</span></a><span
2464style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2465
2466<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2467window provides the main controls for the major calculations in GSAS-II. At
2468present only Refinement Controls are presented. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2469
2470<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Two
2471of the main refinement tools are the <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>fortran</span></span>
2472MINPACK <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span>
2473algorithms wrapped in python as provided in the <span class=SpellE>Scipy</span>
2474package and a third one is a python version utilizing only the <span
2475class=SpellE>numpy</span> package. The purpose is to </span>minimize the sum of
2476the squares of M<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2477nonlinear functions in N variables by a modification of the <span class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt
2478algorithm. The <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span>
2479routines were written by </span>Burton S. <span class=SpellE>Garbow</span>,
2480Kenneth E. <span class=SpellE>Hillstrom</span>, <span class=GramE>Jorge</span>
2481J. <span class=GramE>More (Argonne National Laboratory, 1980).</span> The
2482python/numpy version was developed by us based on the material in Numerical
2483Recipes (Press, Flannery, <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Teulosky</span></span>
2484&amp; <span class=SpellE>Vetterling</span>) for the <span class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt
2485algorithm.<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
2486
2487<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2488
2489<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2490style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2491style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2492style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select whether the refinement
2493uses &#8216;analytic <span class=SpellE>Jacobian</span>&#8217;, &#8216;analytic
2494Hessian&#8217; or &#8216;numeric&#8217; derivatives. The last is slower and
2495perhaps a bit less accurate, but may be needed if the analytic functions are
2496not fully developed. The <span class=SpellE>Jacobian</span> matrix is shaped N
2497x M (parameters x observations) and is much larger than the Hessian matrix
2498which is shaped M x M (parameters x parameters). Generally use &#8216;analytic
2499Hessian&#8217; for routine work.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2500
2501<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2502style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2503style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2504style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select &#8216;Min
2505delta-M/M&#8217; for convergence; the refinement will stop when the change in
2506the minimization function is less than this value. Set Min delta-M/M = 1.0 to
2507force just a single cycle to be performed. A value less than 10<sup>-4</sup>
2508(the default) generally gives no better result. The allowed range is 10<sup>-9</sup>
2509to 1.0.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2510
2511<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2512style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2513style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2514style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>If &#8216;analytic
2515Jacobean&#8217; is chosen then select &#8216;Initial shift factor&#8217; for
2516the first cycle of refinement. This value is modified by the least squares
2517routine. The allowed range is 10<sup>-5</sup> to 100. Smaller values may be
2518needed if your initial <span class=GramE>refinement</span> trials immediately
2519diverge, however make sure your starting parameter values are
2520&#8216;reasonable&#8217;. The selected default (=1.0) normally gives good
2521performance.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2522
2523<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2524style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
2525style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2526style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>If &#8216;analytic
2527Hessian&#8217; is chosen then select &#8216;Max cycles&#8217;, the maximum
2528number of least squares cycles to be performed. Least squares cycles are
2529determined by the number of times a new Hessian matrix is computes; the <span
2530class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt algorithm may compute the function
2531several times between cycles as it finds the optimal value of the Marquardt
2532coefficient. Choices are given in the pull down selection; the default is 3
2533cycles.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2534
2535<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2536style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
2537style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2538style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select data for sequential
2539refinement; the data sets may be done in &#8216;reverse order&#8217;. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2540
2541<h4>Covariance<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2542
2543<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2544window is blank; the GSASII Plots window &#8216;<a href="#Covariance">Covariance&#8217;</a>
2545shows a graphical representation of the variance-covariance matrix <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2546
2547<h4><a name=Constraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Constraints<o:p></o:p></span></a></h4>
2548
2549<span style='mso-bookmark:Constraints'></span>
2550
2551<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2552window shows the constraints to be used in a refinement. It is organized into
2553three tabbed pages. &#8216;Phase constraints&#8217; contain those involving
2554parameters that describe aspects of the crystalline phases to be used in the
2555refinement (e.g. atom coordinates, thermal motion and site fraction
2556parameters). &#8216;Histogram/Phase constraints&#8217; are those which describe
2557aspects of the pattern that depend on both the phase and the data set used in
2558the refinement (e.g. </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:
2559"Times New Roman"'>m</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>strain
2560and crystallite size parameters). &#8216;Histogram constraints&#8217; are those
2561that depend only on the data set (e.g. profile coefficients U<span class=GramE>,V,W,X</span>
2562and Y).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2563
2564<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2565
2566<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2567style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2568style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2569style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select the tab for the
2570parameter types you wish to constrain. Each will have the same possibilities in
2571the &#8216;Edit menu.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2572
2573<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2574style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2575style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2576style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2577style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2578
2579<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2580auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2581style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2582style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2583class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2584"Times New Roman"'>Add</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2585style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> Hold</span></b><span
2586style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; select a parameter
2587that you wish to remain fixed although other parameters of the same type may be
2588selected as a group for refinement. For example, if the space group for a phase
2589has a polar axis (e.g. the b-axis in P2<sub>1</sub>), then one atom y-parameter
2590is arbitrary and should be selected for a Hold to keep the structure from
2591drifting up or down the y-axis during refinement. If selected, a dialog box
2592will appear showing the list of available parameters; select one and then OK to
2593implement it, Cancel will cancel the operation. The held parameter will be
2594shown in the constraint window with the keyword &#8216;FIXED&#8217;. A Delete
2595button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2596
2597<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2598auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2599style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2600style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2601style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
2602equivalence</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2603&#8211; select a list of parameters that should have the same value (possibly
2604with a non-unitary multiplier for some). Examples are a list of atoms with the
2605same thermal motion <span class=SpellE>Uiso</span>, sets of profile
2606coefficients U<span class=GramE>,V,W</span> across multiple data sets. If
2607selected, a dialog box will appear with a list of the available parameters.
2608Select one and press OK; a second dialog box will appear with only those
2609parameters that can be made equivalent to the first one. Choose those and press
2610OK. Cancel in either dialog will cancel the operation. The equivalenced
2611parameters will show as an equation of the form M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>=0;
2612usually M1=1.0 and M2=-1.0, but can be changed via the &#8216;Edit&#8217;
2613button. The keyword &#8216;EQUIV&#8217; marks it as <span class=GramE>an
2614equivalence</span>. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2615
2616<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2617auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2618style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2619style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2620style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
2621constraint</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2622&#8211; select a list of parameters whose sum (with possible non-unitary
2623multipliers) is fixed. For example, the sum of site fractions for atoms on the
2624same site could be fixed to unity. If selected, a dialog box will appear with a
2625list of the available parameters. Select one and press OK; a second dialog box
2626will appear with only those parameters that can be used in a constraint with
2627the first one. Choose those and press OK. Cancel in either dialog will cancel
2628the operation. The equivalenced parameters will show as an equation of the form
2629M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>+&#8230;=C; the
2630multipliers M1, <span class=GramE>M2, &#8230;</span> and C can be changed via
2631the &#8216;Edit&#8217; button. The keyword &#8216;CONSTR&#8217; marks it as a
2632constraint. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2633
2634<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
2635text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2636style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
2637style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2638style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
2639function</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2640&#8211; this is very similar the &#8220;Add constraint&#8221; type except that
2641the result of the sum can be varied in the refinement. The keyword
2642&#8216;FUNCT&#8217; marks it as a function; the &#8216;Refine?&#8217; box
2643indicates your choice to refine the result of the sum. A Delete button can be
2644used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2645
2646<h4><a name=Restraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Restraints</span></a><span
2647style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2648
2649<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2650window is empty<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2651
2652<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2653
2654<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Nothing
2655just yet<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2656
2657<h4><a name=Sequential></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Sequential</span></u><span
2658style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> refinement results<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2659
2660<p class=MsoNormal>In this window is tabulated the results of your sequential
2661refinement. The columns are the parameter names; the naming convention is
2662&#8216;p<span class=GramE>:h:name:n&#8217;</span> where p is the phase number,
2663h is the histogram number, name is the parameter name, and num (if needed) is
2664the item number (e.g. atom number). The rows are the data sets used in the
2665sequential refinement.</p>
2666
2667<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2668
2669<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></h5>
2670
2671<h3>Histograms</h3>
2672
2673<p class=MsoNormal>These are shown in the data tree with a prefix of &#8216;PWDR&#8217;,
2674&#8217;HKLF&#8217;, &#8216;IMG&#8217;, &#8216;PDF&#8217; or &#8216;XXXX&#8217;
2675(future &#8211; restraints??) and usually a file name. These constitute the
2676data sets (&#8216;Histograms&#8217;) to be used by GSAS-II for analysis.
2677Selection of these items does not produce any information in the data window
2678but does display the data in the Plots Window. They are described below.</p>
2679
2680<h3><a name="PWD_Analysis"></a>Powder Histograms - PWDR</h3>
2681
2682<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>When
2683a powder diffraction data set (prefix &#8216;PWDR&#8217;) is selected from the </span><a
2684href="#Data_tree"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>data
2685tree</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>, a
2686variety of subcategories in the tree are shown. The items that are shown depend
2687on the data set type. Selecting a subcategory raises the window listed below. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2688
2689<h5><a name=Comments></a><a name=""></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span
2690style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
2691
2692<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level1 lfo4'><span
2693style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2694"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2695</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu
2696&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Analysis</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
2697
2698<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
2699text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l18 level1 lfo5'><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><![if !supportLists]><span
2700style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2701style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2702style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Analyze</span></b></span><span
2703style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2704&#8211; this produces a &#8216;normal probability&#8217; plot for the
2705refinement result as bounded by the limits. The slope and intercept of the
2706curve in the central region (-1 &lt; </span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:
2707Comments'><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>D</span></span><span
2708style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>/</span></span><span
2709style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:
2710"Times New Roman"'>s</span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span
2711style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &lt; 1) are shown on the
2712plot status line. The slope is the square root of GOF for the best fit set of
2713data points (~68% of the data).<o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
2714
2715<h4><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><u>Comments<o:p></o:p></u></span></h4>
2716
2717<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'>This window shows
2718whatever comment lines (preceded by &#8220;#&#8221;) found when the powder data
2719file was read by GSAS-II. If you are lucky, there will be useful information
2720here (e.g. sample name, date collected, wavelength used, etc.). If not, this
2721window will be blank. The text is read-only in that anything you try to enter
2722here is not saved.</span></p>
2723
2724<span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'></span>
2725
2726<h4><a name=Limits><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Limits</span></u></a><u><span
2727style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></u></h4>
2728
2729<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2730window shows the limits in position to be used in any fitting for this powder
2731pattern. The &#8216;original&#8217; values are obtained from the minimum &amp;
2732maximum values in the powder pattern. You can modify &#8216;changed&#8217; as
2733needed.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2734
2735<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2736
2737<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2738style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2739style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2740style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change <span
2741class=SpellE>Tmin</span> and <span class=SpellE>Tmax</span> in the
2742&#8216;changed&#8217; row as needed. Use the mouse to select the value to be
2743changed (the background on the box will be blue or have a black border or a
2744vertical bar will appear in the value), then enter the new value and press
2745Enter or click the mouse elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the
2746new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2747
2748<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2749style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2750style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2751style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Modify the values of
2752&#8216;changed&#8217;; this can be done on the plot by dragging the limit bars
2753(left &#8211; vertical green dashed line, right &#8211; vertical red dashed
2754line) into position. A left or right mouse click on a data point on the plot
2755will set the associated limit. In either case the appropriate value on the
2756&#8216;changed&#8217; row will be updated immediately.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2757
2758<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2759style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2760style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2761style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2762style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2763
2764<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
2765text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo6;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2766style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2767style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2768style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy</span></b><span
2769style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this copies the
2770limits shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy
2771Parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder patterns, you can
2772copy the limits parameters to any or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217; to
2773copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy;
2774&#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2775
2776<h4><a name=Background><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Background<o:p></o:p></span></u></a></h4>
2777
2778<span style='mso-bookmark:Background'></span>
2779
2780<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2781window shows the choice of background functions and coefficients to be used in
2782fitting this powder pattern. There are three types of contributions available
2783for the background:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2784
2785<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>1). A
2786continuous empirical function (&#8216;<span class=SpellE>chebyschev</span>&#8217;,
2787&#8216;cosine&#8217;, &#8216;<span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>lin</span></span>
2788interpolate&#8217;, &#8216;inv interpolate&#8217; &amp; &#8216;log
2789interpolate&#8217;). The latter three select fixed points with spacing that is <span
2790class=GramE>either equal</span>, inversely equal or equal on a log scale of the
2791x-coordinate. The set of magnitudes at each point then comprise the background
2792variables. All are refined when refine is selected.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2793
2794<p class=MsoNormal style='tab-stops:0in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2795"Times New Roman"'>2). A set of Debye diffuse scattering equation terms of the
2796form:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2797
2798<p class=MsoNormal style='tab-stops:0in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2799"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMath><i
2800 style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2801 mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-tab-count:3'> </span><m:r>B</m:r><m:r>=</m:r><m:r>A</m:r></span></i><m:d><m:dPr><span
2802   style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2803   mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2804   normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:dPr><m:e><m:f><m:fPr><m:type m:val="skw"/><span
2805     style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2806     mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2807     normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:fPr><m:num><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2808     normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2809     "Times New Roman"'><m:r>sinQR</m:r></span></i></m:num><m:den><i
2810     style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2811     mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>QR</m:r></span></i></m:den></m:f></m:e></m:d><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
2812   style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2813   mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2814   normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2815   normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2816   "Times New Roman"'><m:r>e</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2817   normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2818   "Times New Roman"'><m:r>-</m:r><m:r>U</m:r></span></i><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
2819     style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2820     mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2821     normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2822     normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2823     "Times New Roman"'><m:r>Q</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i
2824     style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2825     mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup></m:sup></m:sSup></m:oMath><![endif]--><![if !msEquation]><span
2826style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2827"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;position:relative;
2828top:16.0pt;mso-text-raise:-16.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:
2829EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="_x0000_i1025"
2830 type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:133.5pt;height:38.25pt'>
2831 <v:imagedata src="gsasII_files/image001.png" o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
2832</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=178 height=51
2833src="gsasII_files/image002.gif" v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
2834style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-tab-count:
28351'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></span></p>
2836
2837<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>where</span></span><span
2838style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> A,R &amp; U are the possible
2839variables and can be individually selected as desired; Q = 2</span><span
2840style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>p</span><span
2841style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>/d.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2842
2843<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>3).
2844A set of individual Bragg peaks using the pseudo-Voigt profile function as
2845their shapes. Their parameters are &#8216;<span class=SpellE>pos</span>&#8217;,
2846&#8217;<span class=SpellE>int</span>&#8217;, &#8216;sig&#8217; &amp;
2847&#8216;gam&#8217;; each can be selected for refinement. The default values for
2848sig &amp; gam (=0.10) are for very sharp peaks, you may adjust them accordingly
2849to the kind of peak you are trying to fit before trying to refine them.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2850
2851<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2852
2853<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2854style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2855style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2856style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2857style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2858
2859<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2860auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
2861style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2862style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2863style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy</span></b><span
2864style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this copies the
2865background parameters shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a
2866dialog box (Copy Parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder
2867patterns, you can copy the background parameters to any or all of them; select
2868&#8216;All&#8217; to copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to
2869do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2870
2871<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2872auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
2873style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2874style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2875style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy
2876flags </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#8211;
2877<span class=GramE>this copies</span> only the refinement flags shown to other
2878selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy Refinement Flags) will
2879appear showing the list of available powder patterns, you can copy the
2880refinement flags to any or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217; to copy them
2881to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy;
2882&#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2883
2884<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2885style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2886style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2887style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can select a different
2888Background function from the pull down tab.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2889
2890<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2891style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2892style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2893style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can choose to refine/not
2894refine the background coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2895
2896<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2897style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
2898style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2899style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can select the number of
2900background coefficients to be used (1-36).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2901
2902<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2903style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
2904style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2905style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change individual
2906background coefficient values. Enter the value then press Enter or click the
2907mouse elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2908
2909<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2910style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span
2911style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2912style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can introduce one or more
2913Debye scattering terms into the background. For each one you should enter a
2914sensible value for &#8216;R&#8217; &#8211; an expected interatomic distance in
2915an amorphous phase is appropriate. Select parameters to refine; usually start
2916with the &#8216;A&#8217; coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2917
2918<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2919style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>7.<span
2920style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2921style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can introduce single
2922Bragg peaks into the background. For each you should specify at least the
2923position. Select parameters to refine; usually start with the &#8216;<span
2924class=SpellE>int</span>&#8217; coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2925
2926<h4><a name="Instrument_Parameters"><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2927"Times New Roman"'>Instrument Parameters</span></u></a><u><span
2928style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></u></h4>
2929
2930<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2931window shows the instrument parameters for the selected powder data set. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2932
2933<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2934
2935<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
2936style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2937style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2938style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2939style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Operations</b>&#8217; &#8211;<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2940
2941<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2942auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l16 level2 lfo10;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2943style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2944style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2945style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Load
2946profile&#8230; </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-
2947loads a GSAS-II instrument parameter file (<span class=SpellE>name.instprm</span>),
2948replacing the existing instrument parameter values. All refinement flags are
2949unset.<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></b></span></p>
2950
2951<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2952auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l16 level2 lfo10;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2953style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2954style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2955style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Save
2956profile&#8230; - </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>saves
2957the current instrument parameter values in a simple text file (<span
2958class=SpellE>name.instprm</span>); you will be prompted for the file name
2959&#8211; do not change the extension. This file may be edited but heed the
2960warning to not change the parameter names, the order of the parameter records
2961or add new parameter records as this will invalidate the file. You may only
2962change the numeric values if necessary. You can change or add comment records
2963(begins with &#8216;#&#8217;).<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></b></span></p>
2964
2965<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2966auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l16 level2 lfo10;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2967style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2968style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2969style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Reset
2970profile </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#8211;
2971resets the values for the instrument parameters to the default values shown in
2972parentheses for each entry.<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><o:p></o:p></b></span></p>
2973
2974<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2975auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l16 level2 lfo10;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2976style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
2977style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2978style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy</span></b><span
2979style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this copies the
2980instrument parameters shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a
2981dialog box (Copy parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder
2982patterns, you can copy the instrument parameters to any or all of them; select
2983&#8216;All&#8217; to copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to
2984do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation. The copy will only
2985work for instrument parameters that are commensurate with the one that is
2986shown, e.g. single radiation patterns will not be updated from K</span><sub><span
2987style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>a</span></sub><sub><span
2988style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>1</span></sub><span
2989style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>/K</span><sub><span
2990style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>a</span></sub><sub><span
2991style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2</span></sub><span
2992style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> ones.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2993
2994<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2995auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l16 level2 lfo10;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2996style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
2997style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2998style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy
2999flags </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>-
3000&#8211; this copies the instrument parameter refinement flags shown to other
3001selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy refinement flags) will appear
3002showing the list of available powder patterns, you can copy the instrument
3003parameter refinement flags to any or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217; to
3004copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy;
3005&#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation. The copy will only work for
3006instrument parameters that are commensurate with the one that is shown, e.g.
3007single radiation patterns will not be updated from K</span><sub><span
3008style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>a</span></sub><sub><span
3009style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>1</span></sub><span
3010style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>/K</span><sub><span
3011style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>a</span></sub><sub><span
3012style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2</span></sub><span
3013style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> ones.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3014
3015<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3016auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l16 level2 lfo10;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3017style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
3018style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3019style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Change
3020radiation</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3021&#8211; this changes the radiation between single wavelength (e.g. for
3022synchrotron source) and K</span><sub><span style='font-family:Symbol;
3023mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>a</span></sub><sub><span
3024style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>1</span></sub><span
3025style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>/K</span><sub><span
3026style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>a</span></sub><sub><span
3027style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2</span></sub><span
3028style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> wavelength pairs (e.g. a
3029laboratory tube source).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3030
3031<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
3032style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3033style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3034style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change any of the
3035profile coefficients<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3036
3037<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
3038style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
3039style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3040style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can choose to refine any
3041profile coefficients. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>NB</b>: In certain
3042circumstances some choices are ignored e.g. Zero is not refined during peak fitting.
3043Also some choices may lead to unstable refinement, e.g. <span class=GramE>Lam</span>
3044refinement and lattice parameter refinement. Examine the &#8216;</span><a
3045href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Covariance&#8217;</span></a><span
3046style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> display for highly
3047correlated parameters.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3048
3049<h4><a name="Sample_Parameters"></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3050"Times New Roman"'>Sample Parameters<o:p></o:p></span></u></h4>
3051
3052<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3053window show the various sample dependent parameters for this powder pattern.
3054The presence of a refine button indicates which can be refined while others are
3055fixed. All values can be changed in this window.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3056
3057<h5><a name="Peak_List"></a><a name="Powder_Peaks"><span style='mso-bookmark:
3058Peak_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I
3059do here?</span></span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span
3060style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3061color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
3062
3063<h5 style='margin-left:.5in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo11'><span
3064style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
3065style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3066normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3067style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3068style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3069normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Menu &#8216;</span></span></span><span
3070style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><span
3071style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>File&#8217;</span></span></span><span
3072style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><span
3073style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3074normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></span></span></h5>
3075
3076<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
3077text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level2 lfo11;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
3078style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
3079style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3080style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3081style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy</span></b></span></span><span
3082style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><span
3083style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this copies the
3084sample parameters shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog
3085box (Copy parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder
3086patterns, you can copy the sample parameters to any or all of them; select
3087&#8216;All&#8217; to copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to
3088do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation. <o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
3089
3090<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
3091text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level2 lfo11;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span
3092style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><![if !supportLists]><span
3093style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3094style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3095style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy
3096flags</span></b></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span
3097style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3098- &#8211; this copies the sample parameter refinement flags shown to other
3099selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy refinement flags) will
3100appear showing the list of available powder patterns, you can copy the sample
3101parameter refinement flags to any or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217; to
3102copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy;
3103&#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation. <o:p></o:p></span></span></span></p>
3104
3105<h4><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><span
3106style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></span></span><span
3107style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
3108
3109<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3110window shows the list of peaks that will be used by the peak fitting
3111refinement. It is filled by picking peaks in the powder pattern displayed in
3112the GSASII Plots window as a sequence of &#8216;+&#8217; marks.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3113
3114<h5><a name="Index_Peaks"></a><a name="Index_Peak_List"></a><span
3115style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
3116can I do here? </span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
3117style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3118normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3119
3120<h5 style='margin-left:.5in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><span
3121style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3122"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
3123bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3124</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3125color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>Menu &#8216;</span></span><span
3126style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3127color:windowtext'>Peak Fitting</span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
3128style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3129normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3130
3131<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level2 lfo12;
3132tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
3133style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3134normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3135style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3136class=SpellE><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>UnDo</span></span></span><span
3137style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3138color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; resets peak
3139parameters, background and instrument parameter values varied in the last peak
3140fitting refinement back to their original values. Use this to recover from a
3141failed refinement. Note:<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>&nbsp; </span>there is
3142only a single level of recovery available.<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3143
3144<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level2 lfo12;
3145tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
3146style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3147normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3148style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3149style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>LSQ <span
3150class=SpellE>PeakFit</span></span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
3151style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3152normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> &#8211; perform a least squares fit of the
3153peaks in <span class=SpellE>PeakList</span> to the data. Any peak parameters,
3154background parameters and instrument parameters with refine checked will be
3155varied in this refinement. The refinement will proceed until convergence. We
3156suggest you vary the intensity along with the background first (the default),
3157then vary the position and instrument parameters after. The order will depend
3158on how poor is the initial estimate of the instrument parameters (U, V, W, X, Y
3159&amp; SH/L). To determine how to proceed, examine in detail the powder pattern
3160difference curve displayed in the GSASII Plots window. If individual peaks show
3161peak widths that are widely different, their individual sigma and gamma
3162parameters may be refined. If the refinement results in negative peak
3163coefficients, these will be highlighted in red. If this happens, you should </span></span><span
3164style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span class=SpellE><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3165"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>UnDo</span></span></span><span
3166style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3167color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'> the refinement
3168and reconsider your choice of parameters to be varied.<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3169
3170<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level2 lfo12;
3171tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
3172style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3173normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
3174style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3175style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>LSQ one
3176cycle </span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
3177style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3178normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>&#8211; perform a single cycle of least
3179squares refinement. This can be used in difficult cases to get a refinement
3180started toward convergence.<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3181
3182<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level2 lfo12;
3183tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
3184style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3185normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
3186style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3187style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Reset sig
3188and gam </span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span
3189style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3190normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>&#8211; this resets the values of sigma and
3191gamma to those computed from the instrument parameters U, V, W, <span
3192class=GramE>X</span> &amp; Y.<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3193
3194<h5 style='margin-left:1.0in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level2 lfo12;
3195tab-stops:list 1.0in'><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span
3196style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:
3197normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
3198style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3199style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:windowtext'>Clear peaks </span></span><span
3200style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3201color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>&#8211; this
3202removes all the peaks from the Peak List.<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3203
3204<h5 style='margin-left:.5in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><span
3205style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3206"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
3207bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3208</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3209color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>You can add
3210peaks to the Peak list using the mouse on the plot by: 1) position the pointer
3211near to the top point on a peak, 2) press the left mouse button. The selected
3212peak will be added to the Peak List in its correct sorted order and a blue
3213vertical line will be plotted on that position. Be sure that the Zoom/Pan
3214buttons are not selected on the Plot window. We recommend that you begin
3215picking peaks from the right side of the pattern; that way the tool tip
3216won&#8217;t be in your way as you select peaks.<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3217
3218<h5 style='margin-left:.5in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><span
3219style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3220"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
3221bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3222</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3223color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>You can move a
3224Peak List item using the mouse on the plot by: 1) position the pointer on the
3225blue line for the peak you wish to move, 2) holding the left mouse button down,
3226drag to the desired position &amp; then release the button. The peak line will
3227be drawn in the new position. Be sure that the Zoom/Pan buttons are not
3228selected on the Plot window.<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3229
3230<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><span
3231style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3232"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3233</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You
3234can change individual peak coefficient values. Enter the value then press Enter
3235or Tab or click the mouse elsewhere in the Peak List window. This will set the
3236new value.<o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
3237
3238<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><span
3239style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3240"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3241</span></span></span><![endif]>You can change the refine flags either by
3242clicking on the box or by selecting one and then selecting the column (a single
3243click on the column heading; column should show in blue). Then type
3244&#8216;y&#8217; to set the refine flags or &#8216;n&#8217; to clear the flags. </span><span
3245style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
3246
3247<h5 style='margin-left:.5in;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><span
3248style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3249"Times New Roman";color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:
3250bold'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3251</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3252color:windowtext;font-weight:normal;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold'>You can delete
3253peaks in the Peak List by selecting rows (should appear in blue) and then
3254pressing the Delete key. You can also delete peaks using the mouse on the plot
3255by positioning the pointer on the blue line for the peak to be deleted and then
3256pressing the right mouse button. The blue line should vanish and the
3257corresponding peak will be removed from the Peak List. Be sure that the
3258Zoom/Pan buttons are not selected on the Plot window.<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
3259
3260<h4><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3261"Times New Roman"'>Index Peak List</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3262"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
3263
3264<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3265window shows the list of peaks that will be used for indexing (see </span><a
3266href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
3267Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>).
3268It must be filled before indexing can proceed. When indexing is completed, this
3269display will show the resulting <span class=SpellE>hkl</span> values for every
3270indexed reflection along with the calculated d-spacing (&#8216;d-<span
3271class=SpellE>calc</span>&#8217;) for the selected unit cell in </span><a
3272href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
3273Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3274
3275<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3276
3277<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l21 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3278style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3279style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3280style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
3281style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Operations</b>&#8217; &#8211; <b
3282style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Load/Reload</b> &#8211; loads the peak
3283positions &amp; intensities from the </span><a href="#Peak_List"><span
3284style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></a><span
3285style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> to make them available for the
3286indexing routine. The d-<span class=SpellE>obs</span> is obtained from
3287Bragg&#8217;s Law after applying the Zero correction shown on the </span><a
3288href="#Instrument_Parameters"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Instrument
3289Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3290table to the position shown here.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3291
3292<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l21 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3293style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3294style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3295style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You may deselect individual
3296peaks from indexing by unchecking the corresponding &#8216;use&#8217; box.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3297
3298<h4><a name="Cell_Indexing_Refine"></a><a name="Unit_Cells_List"></a><span
3299style='mso-bookmark:Cell_Indexing_Refine'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3300"Times New Roman"'>Unit Cells List</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3301"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
3302
3303<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3304window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3305
3306<h4><a name="Reflection_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Reflection
3307List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
3308
3309<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3310window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3311
3312<h3>Single Crystal Histograms - HKLF</h3>
3313
3314<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Pair Distribution
3315Functions - PDF<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
3316
3317<h4><a name="PDF_Controls"></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>PDF
3318Controls<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
3319
3320<p class=MsoNormal>This window </p>
3321
3322<h4><a name="I_Q"></a><span class=GramE><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3323"Times New Roman"'>I(</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Q),
3324<a name="S_Q"></a>S(Q), <a name="F_Q"></a>F(Q) &amp; <a name="G_R"></a>G(R)<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
3325
3326<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3327window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3328
3329<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2-D Images &#8211;
3330IMG<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
3331
3332<h4>Image Controls<a name="Image_Controls"></a></h4>
3333
3334<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3335window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3336
3337<h4><a name="_Image_Masks"></a><a href="#_Image_Masks"><span style='color:#4F81BD;
3338mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Image Ma<span
3339style='mso-bookmark:Image_Masks'></span>sks</span></a><![if !supportNestedAnchors]><a
3340name="Image_Masks"></a><![endif]></h4>
3341
3342<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3343window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3344
3345<h3>Phase Windows</h3>
3346
3347<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>When
3348a phase is selected from the <a href="#Data_tree">data tree</a>, parameters are
3349shown for that selected phase in a tabbed window. Clicking on each tab raises
3350the windows listed below. Each tab is identified by the underlined phrase in
3351the following:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3352
3353<h4><a name=General></a><a name="_Ref317241833"><span style='mso-bookmark:General'><u>General</u>
3354Phase Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:General'></span></h4>
3355
3356<span style='mso-bookmark:General'></span>
3357
3358<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3359gives overall parameters describing the phase such as the name, space group,
3360the unit cell parameters and overall parameters for the atom present in the
3361phase. It also has the controls for computing Fourier maps for this phase.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3362
3363<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3364
3365<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3366style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3367style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3368style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
3369style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Compute&#8217;</b> &#8211; The compute menu
3370shows computations that are possible for this phase.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3371
3372<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3373auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3374style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3375style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3376style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Fourier
3377maps</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
3378compute Fourier maps according to the controls set at bottom of General page.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3379
3380<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3381auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3382style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3383style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3384style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Search
3385maps </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#8211;
3386search the computed Fourier map. Peaks that are above &#8216;Peak cutoff&#8217;
3387% of the maximum will be found in this procedure; they will be printed on the
3388console and will be shown in the &#8216;<a href="gsasII.html">Map peaks</a>&#8217;
3389page. This page will immediately be shown and the peaks will be shown on the
3390structure drawing for this phase as white 3-D crosses.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3391
3392<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3393style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3394style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3395style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The items in the upper part
3396of the General page that can be changed are Phase name, Phase type, Space
3397group, unit cell parameters &amp; refine flag. These are described in turn:<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
3398
3399<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3400auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3401style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3402style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3403style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Phase
3404name</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
3405this is the name assigned to this phase. It should only be changed when the
3406phase is initialized or imported.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
3407
3408<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3409auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3410style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3411style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3412style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Phase
3413type &#8211; </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>this
3414can only be set when there are no atoms in the Atoms page for this phase.
3415Select it when the phase is initialized.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
3416
3417<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3418auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3419style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
3420style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3421style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Space
3422group</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3423&#8211; this should be set when the phase is initialized; it can be changed
3424later. Be careful about the impact on Atom site symmetry and multiplicity if
3425you do. GSAS-II will recognize any legal space group symbol using the short
3426Hermann-<span class=SpellE>Mauguin</span> forms; put a space between the axial
3427fields (e.g. &#8216;F d 3 m&#8217; not &#8216;Fd3m&#8217;). For space groups
3428with a choice of origin (e.g. F d 3 m), GSAS-II always uses the 2<sup>nd</sup>
3429setting where the center of inversion is located at the origin. The choice of
3430space group will set the available unit cell parameters.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
3431
3432<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3433auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3434style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
3435style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3436style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Refine
3437unit cell</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3438&#8211; set this flag to refine the unit cell parameters in a Rietveld or
3439Pawley refinement. The actual parameters refined are the symmetry allowed terms
3440(A<sub>0</sub>-A<sub>5</sub>) in the expression</span><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3441normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3442"Times New Roman"'><br>
3443</span></i><!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMathPara><m:oMath><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
3444    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3445    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3446    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3447    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3448    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>d</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3449    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3450    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>*2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup><i
3451  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
3452  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>=</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
3453    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3454    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3455    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3456    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3457    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3458    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3459    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>0</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
3460    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3461    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3462    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3463    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3464    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>h</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3465    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3466    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup><i
3467  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
3468  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
3469    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3470    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3471    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3472    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3473    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3474    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3475    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>1</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
3476    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3477    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3478    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3479    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3480    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>k</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3481    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3482    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup><i
3483  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
3484  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
3485    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3486    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3487    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3488    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3489    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3490    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3491    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
3492    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3493    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3494    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3495    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3496    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>l</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3497    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3498    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup><i
3499  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
3500  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
3501    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3502    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3503    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3504    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3505    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3506    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3507    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>3</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><i
3508  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
3509  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>h</m:r><m:r>k</m:r><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
3510    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3511    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3512    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3513    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3514    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3515    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3516    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>4</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><i
3517  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
3518  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>h</m:r><m:r>l</m:r><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
3519    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
3520    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
3521    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3522    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3523    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
3524    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3525    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>5</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><i
3526  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
3527  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>kl</m:r></span></i></m:oMath></m:oMathPara><![endif]--><![if !msEquation]><span
3528style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
3529"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;
3530mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
3531 id="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:251.25pt;height:14.25pt'>
3532 <v:imagedata src="gsasII_files/image003.png" o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
3533</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=335 height=19
3534src="gsasII_files/image004.gif" v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><u><span
3535style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></u></p>
3536
3537<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3538auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level2 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3539style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
3540style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3541class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3542"Times New Roman"'>a</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
3543style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>, b, c, alpha, beta, gamma</span></b><span
3544style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; lattice parameters;
3545only those permitted by the space group are shown. The volume is computed from
3546the values entered.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
3547
3548<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3549style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
3550style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3551style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>If there are entries in the
3552Atoms page then the Elements table is shown next on the General page; you may
3553select the isotope (only relevant for neutron diffraction experiments). The
3554density is computed depending on this choice, the unit cell volume and the atom
3555fractions/site multiplicities in the entries on the Atoms page.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
3556
3557<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3558style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
3559style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3560style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Fourier map controls are
3561shown at the bottom of the General page. A completed Rietveld or Pawley
3562refinement is required before a Fourier map can be computed. Select the desired
3563type of map, the source of the reflection set and the map resolution desired.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
3564
3565<h4><a name=Data></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Data
3566</span></u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>sets<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></h4>
3567
3568<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
3569
3570<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?</span><i
3571style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
3572mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><br style='mso-special-character:
3573line-break'>
3574<![if !supportLineBreakNewLine]><br style='mso-special-character:line-break'>
3575<![endif]></span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3576
3577<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></h5>
3578
3579<h4><a name=Atoms></a><u>Atom</u> Parameter<u>s</u></h4>
3580
3581<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3582
3583<h4><a name=Texture></a><u>Texture</u> Parameters</h4>
3584
3585<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3586
3587<h4><a name="Draw_Options"></a><u>Draw Options</u></h4>
3588
3589<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3590
3591<h4><a name="Draw_Atoms"></a><u>Draw Atoms<o:p></o:p></u></h4>
3592
3593<p class=MsoNormal>This gives a list of the atoms and bonds that are to be
3594rendered as lines, van der Waals radii balls, sticks, balls &amp; sticks,
3595ellipsoids &amp; sticks or <span class=SpellE>polyhedra</span>. There are two
3596menus for this tab; Edit allows modification of the list of atoms to be
3597rendered and Compute gives some options for geometric characterization of
3598selected atoms.</p>
3599
3600<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3601
3602<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
3603style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3604style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Atom
3605Selection from table: select individual atoms by a left click of the mouse when
3606pointed at the left most column (atom numbers) of the atom display; hold down
3607the Ctrl key to add to your selection; a previously selected atom will be
3608deselected. A selected atom will be highlighted (in grey) and the atom will be
3609shown in green on the plot. Selection without the Ctrl key will clear previous
3610selections. A double left click in the (empty) upper left box will select or
3611deselect all atoms.</p>
3612
3613<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
3614style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3615style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Atom
3616Selection from plot: select an atom by a left click of the mouse while holding
3617down the Shift key and pointed at the center of the displayed atom, it will
3618turn green if successful and the corresponding entry in the table will be
3619highlighted (in grey); any previous selections will be cleared. To add to .your
3620selection use the right mouse button (Shift down); if a previously selection is
3621reselected it is removed from the selection list. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
3622normal'>NB</b>: beware of atoms that are hiding behind the one you are trying
3623to select, they may be selected inadvertently. You can rotate the structure
3624anytime during the selection process.</p>
3625
3626<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
3627style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
3628style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Double
3629left click a Name, Type and Sym Op column heading: a dialog box is shown that
3630allows you to select all atoms with that characteristic. For example, selecting
3631the Type column will show all the atom types; your choice will then cause all
3632those atoms to be selected.</p>
3633
3634<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
3635style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
3636style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Double
3637left click a Style, Label or Color column: a dialog box is shown that allows
3638you to select a rendering option for all the atoms. For Color a color choice
3639dialog is displayed that covers the entire color spectrum. Choose a color by
3640any of the means available, press the &#8220;Add to Custom Colors&#8221;, select
3641that color in the Custom colors display and then press OK. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
3642normal'>NB</b>: selecting Color will make all atoms have the same color and for
3643Style &#8220;blank&#8221; means the atoms aren&#8217;t rendered and thus the
3644plot will not show any atoms or bonds!</p>
3645
3646<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
3647style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
3648style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
3649&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit&#8217; - </b>The edit menu
3650shows operations that can be performed on your selected atoms. You must select
3651one or more atoms before using any of the menu items.</p>
3652
3653<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3654auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3655style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3656style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3657style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Atom style</b> &#8211; select the rendering
3658style for the selected atoms</p>
3659
3660<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3661auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3662style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3663style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3664style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Atom label</b> &#8211; select the item to be
3665shown as a label for each atom in selection. The choices are: none, type, name
3666or number.</p>
3667
3668<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3669auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3670style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
3671style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3672style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Atom color</b> &#8211; select the color for
3673the atom; a color choice dialog is displayed that covers the entire color
3674spectrum. Choose a color by any of the means available, press the &#8220;Add to
3675Custom Colors&#8221;, select that color in the Custom colors display and then
3676press OK.</p>
3677
3678<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3679auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3680style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
3681style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3682style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Reset atom colors</b> &#8211; return the
3683atom color back to their defaults for the selected atoms.</p>
3684
3685<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3686auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3687style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
3688style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3689style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>View point</b> &#8211; position the plot
3690view point to the first atom in the selection.</p>
3691
3692<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3693auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3694style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
3695style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3696style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Add atoms</b> &#8211; using the selected
3697atoms, new ones are added to the bottom of the list after applying your choice
3698of symmetry operator and unit cell translation selected via a dialog display.
3699Duplicate atom positions are not retained. Any anisotropic thermal displacement
3700parameters (<span class=SpellE>Uij</span>) will be transformed as appropriate.</p>
3701
3702<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3703auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3704style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
3705style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3706style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Transform atoms</b> &#8211; apply a
3707symmetry operator and unit cell translation to the set of selected atoms; they
3708will be changed in place. Any anisotropic thermal displacement parameters (<span
3709class=SpellE>Uij</span>) will be transformed as appropriate.</p>
3710
3711<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3712auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3713style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>h.<span
3714style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3715style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Fill CN-sphere</b> &#8211; using the atoms
3716currently in the draw atom table, find all atoms that belong in the
3717coordination sphere around the selected atoms via unit cell translations. NB:
3718symmetry operations are not used in this search.</p>
3719
3720<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3721auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3722style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>i.<span
3723style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3724</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Fill unit
3725cell</b> - using the atoms currently selected from the draw atom table, find
3726all atoms that fall inside or on the edge/surface/corners of the unit cell.
3727This operation is frequently performed before Fill CN-sphere.</p>
3728
3729<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3730auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3731style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>j.<span
3732style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3733</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete
3734atoms</b> &#8211; clear the entire draw atom table; it is then refilled from
3735the Atoms table. You should do this operation after any changes in the Atoms
3736table, e.g. by a structure refinement.</p>
3737
3738<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
3739style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span
3740style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
3741&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Compute&#8217;</b> - The compute
3742menu gives a choice of geometric calculations to be performed with the selected
3743atoms. You must select the appropriate number of atoms for these to work and
3744the computation is done for the atoms in selection order.</p>
3745
3746<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3747auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo17'><![if !supportLists]><span
3748style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3749style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3750style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Dist. Ang.</b> <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
3751normal'>Tors. </b>&#8211; <span class=GramE>when</span> 2-4 atoms are selected,
3752a distance, angle or torsion angle will be found for them. The angles are
3753computed for the atoms in their selection order. The torsion angle is a right
3754hand angle about the A2-A3 vector for the sequence of atoms A1-A2-A3-A4. An
3755estimated standard deviation is given for the calculated value if a current variance-covariance
3756matrix is available. The result is shown on the console window; it may be cut
3757&amp; pasted to another application (e.g. Microsoft Word).</p>
3758
3759<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
3760text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo17'><![if !supportLists]><span
3761style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3762style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3763style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Best plane</b> &#8211; when 4 or more atoms
3764are selected, a best plane is determined for them. The result is shown on the
3765console window; it may be cut &amp; pasted to another application (e.g.
3766Microsoft Word). Shown are the atom coordinates transformed to Cartesian best
3767plane coordinates where the largest range is over the X-axis and the smallest
3768is over the Z-axis with the origin at the <span class=SpellE>unweighted</span>
3769center of the selection. Root mean square displacements along each axis for the
3770best plane are also listed. The Z-axis RMS value indicates the flatness of the
3771proposed plane. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>NB</b>: if you select
3772(e.g. all) atoms then Best plane will give Cartesian coordinates for these
3773atoms with respect to a coordinate system where the X-axis is along the longest
3774axis of the atom grouping and the Z-axis is along the shortest distance. The
3775origin is at the <span class=SpellE>unweighted</span> center of the selected
3776atoms.</p>
3777
3778<h4><a name=Pawley><u>Pawley </u></a><u>reflections<o:p></o:p></u></h4>
3779
3780<p class=MsoNormal>This gives the list of reflections used in a Pawley
3781refinement and can only be seen if the phase type is &#8216;Pawley&#8217; (see<span
3782style='color:#00B0F0'> </span><a href="#General">General</a>)<span
3783style='color:#00B0F0'>.</span></p>
3784
3785<h5>What can I do here?</h5>
3786
3787<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
3788style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3789style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
3790<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>&#8216;Operations&#8217;</b> &#8211;</p>
3791
3792<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3793auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
3794style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3795style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3796style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Pawley create</b> &#8211; this creates a
3797new set of Pawley reflections, over writing any preexisting Pawley set. They
3798are generated with d-<span class=SpellE>spacings</span> larger than the limit
3799set as &#8216;Pawley <span class=SpellE>dmin</span>&#8217; in the General tab
3800for this phase. By default the refine flags are not set and the <span
3801class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Fsq</span></span><span class=GramE>(</span><span
3802class=SpellE>hkl</span>) = 100.0.</p>
3803
3804<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3805auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
3806style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3807style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3808style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Pawley estimate</b> &#8211; this attempts
3809an estimate of <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Fsq</span></span><span
3810class=GramE>(</span><span class=SpellE>hkl</span>) from the peak heights of the
3811reflection as seen in the 1<sup>st</sup> powder pattern of those selected in
3812the <a href="#Data">Data</a> tab.</p>
3813
3814<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3815auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l12 level2 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
3816style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
3817style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3818style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Pawley delete </b>&#8211; this clears the
3819set of Pawley reflections.</p>
3820
3821<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
3822style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3823style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>You
3824can change the refine flags either by clicking on the box or by selecting one
3825and then selecting the column (a single click on the column heading). Then type
3826&#8216;y&#8217; to set the refine flags or &#8216;n&#8217; to clear the flags.
3827You should deselect those reflections that fall below the lower limit or above
3828the upper limit of the powder pattern otherwise you may have a singular matrix
3829error in your Pawley refinement.</p>
3830
3831<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo18'><![if !supportLists]><span
3832style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
3833style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>You
3834can change the individual <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Fsq</span></span><span
3835class=GramE>(</span><span class=SpellE>hkl</span>) values by selecting it,
3836typing in the new value and then pressing enter or selecting somewhere else in
3837the table.</p>
3838
3839<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
3840
3841<h4><a name="Map_peaks">Map peaks</a></h4>
3842
3843<span style='mso-bookmark:Map_peaks'></span>
3844
3845<p class=MsoNormal>This gives the list (magnitude, x y &amp; z) of all peaks
3846found within the unit cell from the last Fourier map search sorted in order of
3847decreasing peak magnitude. The crystal structure plot shows each peak position
3848as a white 3-D cross.</p>
3849
3850<h5>What can I do here?</h5>
3851
3852<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo20'><![if !supportLists]><span
3853style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3854style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Select
3855a peak with a left click on the left hand row number, hold Ctrl key down to add
3856more peaks to your selection. Each peak selected will show as a green 3-D cross
3857on the crystal structure plot.</p>
3858
3859<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level1 lfo20'><![if !supportLists]><span
3860style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3861style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
3862<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>&#8216;Map peaks&#8217; </b><span
3863style='mso-spacerun:yes'>&nbsp;</span>&#8211;</p>
3864
3865<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3866auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level2 lfo20;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3867style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3868style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3869style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Move peaks</b> &#8211; this copies selected
3870peaks to the <a href="gsasII.html">Atoms</a> list and the <a href="gsasII.html">Draw
3871Atoms</a> list. They will be appended to the end of each list each with the
3872name &#8216;UNK&#8217; and the atom type as &#8216;H&#8217;. They will also be
3873drawn as small white spheres at their respective positions in the structure
3874drawing. You should next go to the <a href="gsasII.html">Atoms</a> page and
3875change the atom type to whatever element you desire; it will be renamed
3876automatically.</p>
3877
3878<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
3879text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l22 level2 lfo20;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3880style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3881style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3882style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Clear peaks </b>&#8211; this deletes all
3883the peaks in the map peak list; they are also removed from the crystal
3884structure drawing plot.</p>
3885
3886<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
3887style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3888
3889<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
3890
3891</span></div>
3892
3893<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
3894style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3895
3896<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
3897
3898</span></div>
3899
3900<h2><a name=Plots><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>3.
3901GSAS-II Plots Window</span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Plots'></span><span
3902style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";font-weight:normal'> </span><span
3903style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
3904
3905<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3906window presents all the graphical material as a multipage tabbed set of plots
3907utilizing the <span class=SpellE>matplotlib</span> python package. Each page
3908has a tool bar (at bottom in Windows) with the controls<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3909
3910<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3911mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=225 height=31 id="_x0000_i1032"
3912src=graphbar.jpg
3913alt="Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: D:\pyGSAS\help\graphbar.jpg"></span><span
3914style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
3915
3916<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>These
3917are Home, Back, Forward, Pan, Zoom, Save and Help, respectively. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3918
3919<ul type=disc>
3920 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3921     mso-list:l1 level1 lfo21;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3922     "Times New Roman"'>Home: returns the plot to the initial scaling <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3923 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3924     mso-list:l1 level1 lfo21;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3925     "Times New Roman"'>Back: returns the plot to the previous scaling <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3926 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3927     mso-list:l1 level1 lfo21;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3928     "Times New Roman"'>Forward: reverses the action in the previous press(es)
3929     of the Back button <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3930 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3931     mso-list:l1 level1 lfo21;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3932     "Times New Roman"'>Pan: allows you to control panning across the plot
3933     (press left mouse button) and zooming (press right mouse button), <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3934 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3935     mso-list:l1 level1 lfo21;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3936     "Times New Roman"'>Zoom: allows you to select a portion of the plot (press
3937     right mouse button &amp; drag for zoom box) for the next plot. <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3938 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3939     mso-list:l1 level1 lfo21;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3940     "Times New Roman"'>Save: allows you to save the currently displayed plot
3941     in one of several graphical formats suitable for printing or insertion in
3942     a document.<o:p></o:p></span></li>
3943 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3944     mso-list:l1 level1 lfo21;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3945     "Times New Roman"'>Help: accesses GSASII help on the specific plot type. <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3946</ul>
3947
3948<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
3949
3950<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Below
3951the toolbar may be a status bar that on the left may show either an instruction
3952for a keyed input or a pull down selection of keyed input; on the right may be
3953displayed position dependent information that is updated as the mouse is moved
3954over the plot region.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3955
3956<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
3957
3958<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
3959specific types of plots that are pages in the GSASII Plots windows are next.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3960
3961<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Powder Patterns<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
3962
3963<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
3964powder patterns that are part of your project are shown on this page. They can
3965be displayed as a stack of powder patterns, just a single pattern or as a
3966contour image of the peak intensities. What can be done here will depend on
3967which is displayed and on which item in the GSAS-II data tree you have
3968selected.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3969
3970<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3971
3972<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo22'><![if !supportLists]><span
3973style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3974style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3975style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Move the mouse cursor across
3976the plot, the plot status line will show the cursor position in 2</span><span
3977style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Q</span><span
3978style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>, d-spacing and the
3979intensity. For a q-plot, q is shown instead of 2</span><span style='font-family:
3980Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Q</span><span
3981style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3982
3983<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo22'><![if !supportLists]><span
3984style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3985style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>On
3986the plot status line<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> &#8216;key
3987press&#8217; </b>&#8211; you can either press the key on the key board or
3988select from the pull down menu. For line plots:</p>
3989
3990<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3991auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3992style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3993style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3994class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>l</b></span><b
3995style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: offset left</b> &#8211; for a waterfall
3996plot of multiple powder profiles, increase the offset to the left. Does not
3997apply if only one pattern.</p>
3998
3999<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4000auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4001style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
4002style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
4003class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>r</b></span><b
4004style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: offset right</b> - for a waterfall plot
4005of multiple powder profiles, increase the offset to the left. Does not apply if
4006only one pattern.</p>
4007
4008<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4009auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4010style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
4011style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
4012class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>d</b></span><b
4013style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: offset down</b> - for a waterfall plot of
4014multiple powder profiles, increase the offset down. Does not apply if only one
4015pattern.</p>
4016
4017<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4018auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4019style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
4020style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
4021class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>u</b></span><b
4022style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: offset up</b> - for a waterfall plot of
4023multiple powder profiles, increase the offset up. Does not apply if only one
4024pattern.</p>
4025
4026<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4027auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4028style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
4029style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
4030class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>o</b></span><b
4031style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: reset offset</b> - for a waterfall plot
4032of multiple powder profiles, reset to no offset. Does not apply if only one
4033pattern.</p>
4034
4035<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4036auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4037style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
4038style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
4039class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>n</b></span><b
4040style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: log(I) on/off</b> &#8211; changes the
4041y-axis to be the log10 of the intensity; difference curve is not shown for
4042log(I) on.</p>
4043
4044<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4045auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4046style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
4047style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
4048class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>c</b></span><b
4049style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: contour on/off</b> &#8211; if multiple
4050powder profiles, then a contour plot is shown of the observed intensities. All
4051data sets must be the same length as the first one to be included in the
4052contour plot.</p>
4053
4054<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4055auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4056style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>h.<span
4057style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
4058style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>q: toggle q plot</b> &#8211; changes the
4059x-axis from 2<span style='font-family:Symbol'>Q</span> to q=2<span
4060style='font-family:Symbol'>p</span>/d. This will put multiple powder patterns
4061taken at different energies on the same x-axis scale.</p>
4062
4063<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4064auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4065style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>i.<span
4066style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
4067</span></span></span><![endif]><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
4068normal'>s</b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: toggle single plot</b>
4069&#8211; for multiple powder profiles, this will show only the one selected from
4070the data tree. The offset options are not active.</p>
4071
4072<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4073auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4074style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>j.<span
4075style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
4076</span></span></span><![endif]><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
4077normal'>w</b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: toggle divide by
4078sig</b> &#8211; for the pattern selected from the data tree, this will divide
4079the observed, calculated and difference curves by the <span class=SpellE>esd</span>
4080for the data points. Other data sets are not shown.</p>
4081
4082<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4083auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
4084style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>k.<span
4085style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
4086style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>+: no selection</b> - for multiple powder
4087profiles, only the observed curve is shown.</p>
4088
4089<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo22'><![if !supportLists]><span
4090style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
4091style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
4092style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>For contour plots the status
4093line &#8216;key press&#8217; options are different:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
4094
4095<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
4096auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo22;tab-stops:list 1.0in'