source: trunk/help/gsasII.html @ 515

Last change on this file since 515 was 515, checked in by vondreele, 10 years ago

add num variables to ViewLSparams
final fixup of error analysis plots
add to help file

File size: 183.1 KB
Line 
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25  <o:Author>Von Dreele</o:Author>
26  <o:LastAuthor>Von Dreele</o:LastAuthor>
27  <o:Revision>64</o:Revision>
28  <o:TotalTime>2433</o:TotalTime>
29  <o:Created>2011-11-28T16:49:00Z</o:Created>
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381        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
382h1
383        {mso-style-priority:9;
384        mso-style-unhide:no;
385        mso-style-qformat:yes;
386        mso-style-link:"Heading 1 Char";
387        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
388        margin-right:0in;
389        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
390        margin-left:0in;
391        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
392        mso-outline-level:1;
393        font-size:24.0pt;
394        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
395        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
396        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
397        font-weight:bold;}
398h2
399        {mso-style-priority:9;
400        mso-style-unhide:no;
401        mso-style-qformat:yes;
402        mso-style-link:"Heading 2 Char";
403        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
404        margin-right:0in;
405        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
406        margin-left:0in;
407        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
408        mso-outline-level:2;
409        font-size:18.0pt;
410        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
411        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
412        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
413        font-weight:bold;}
414h3
415        {mso-style-priority:9;
416        mso-style-unhide:no;
417        mso-style-qformat:yes;
418        mso-style-link:"Heading 3 Char";
419        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
420        margin-right:0in;
421        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
422        margin-left:0in;
423        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
424        mso-outline-level:3;
425        font-size:13.5pt;
426        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
427        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
428        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
429        font-weight:bold;}
430h4
431        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
432        mso-style-priority:9;
433        mso-style-qformat:yes;
434        mso-style-link:"Heading 4 Char";
435        mso-style-next:Normal;
436        margin-top:10.0pt;
437        margin-right:0in;
438        margin-bottom:0in;
439        margin-left:0in;
440        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
441        mso-pagination:widow-orphan lines-together;
442        page-break-after:avoid;
443        mso-outline-level:4;
444        font-size:13.0pt;
445        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
446        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
447        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
448        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
449        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
450        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
451        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
452        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
453        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
454        color:#4F81BD;
455        mso-themecolor:accent1;
456        font-weight:bold;
457        font-style:italic;}
458h5
459        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
460        mso-style-priority:9;
461        mso-style-qformat:yes;
462        mso-style-link:"Heading 5 Char";
463        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
464        margin-right:0in;
465        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
466        margin-left:0in;
467        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
468        mso-outline-level:5;
469        font-size:12.0pt;
470        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
471        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
472        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
473        color:#4F4FFF;
474        font-weight:bold;}
475a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
476        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
477        mso-style-priority:99;
478        color:blue;
479        text-decoration:underline;
480        text-underline:single;}
481a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
482        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
483        mso-style-priority:99;
484        color:purple;
485        text-decoration:underline;
486        text-underline:single;}
487p.MsoDocumentMap, li.MsoDocumentMap, div.MsoDocumentMap
488        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
489        mso-style-priority:99;
490        mso-style-link:"Document Map Char";
491        margin:0in;
492        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
493        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
494        font-size:8.0pt;
495        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
496        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
497        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
498p
499        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
500        mso-style-priority:99;
501        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
502        margin-right:0in;
503        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
504        margin-left:0in;
505        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
506        font-size:12.0pt;
507        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
508        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
509        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
510pre
511        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
512        mso-style-priority:99;
513        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
514        margin:0in;
515        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
516        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
517        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
518        font-size:10.0pt;
519        font-family:"Courier New";
520        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
521p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
522        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
523        mso-style-priority:99;
524        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
525        margin:0in;
526        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
527        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
528        font-size:8.0pt;
529        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
530        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
531        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
532span.MsoPlaceholderText
533        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
534        mso-style-priority:99;
535        mso-style-unhide:no;
536        color:gray;}
537p.MsoNoSpacing, li.MsoNoSpacing, div.MsoNoSpacing
538        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
539        mso-style-priority:1;
540        mso-style-unhide:no;
541        mso-style-qformat:yes;
542        mso-style-parent:"";
543        margin:0in;
544        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
545        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
546        font-size:12.0pt;
547        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
548        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
549        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
550p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
551        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
552        mso-style-priority:34;
553        mso-style-unhide:no;
554        mso-style-qformat:yes;
555        margin-top:0in;
556        margin-right:0in;
557        margin-bottom:0in;
558        margin-left:.5in;
559        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
560        mso-add-space:auto;
561        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
562        font-size:12.0pt;
563        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
564        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
565        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
566p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
567        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
568        mso-style-priority:34;
569        mso-style-unhide:no;
570        mso-style-qformat:yes;
571        mso-style-type:export-only;
572        margin-top:0in;
573        margin-right:0in;
574        margin-bottom:0in;
575        margin-left:.5in;
576        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
577        mso-add-space:auto;
578        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
579        font-size:12.0pt;
580        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
581        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
582        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
583p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
584        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
585        mso-style-priority:34;
586        mso-style-unhide:no;
587        mso-style-qformat:yes;
588        mso-style-type:export-only;
589        margin-top:0in;
590        margin-right:0in;
591        margin-bottom:0in;
592        margin-left:.5in;
593        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
594        mso-add-space:auto;
595        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
596        font-size:12.0pt;
597        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
598        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
599        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
600p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
601        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
602        mso-style-priority:34;
603        mso-style-unhide:no;
604        mso-style-qformat:yes;
605        mso-style-type:export-only;
606        margin-top:0in;
607        margin-right:0in;
608        margin-bottom:0in;
609        margin-left:.5in;
610        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
611        mso-add-space:auto;
612        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
613        font-size:12.0pt;
614        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
615        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
616        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
617span.Heading1Char
618        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
619        mso-style-priority:9;
620        mso-style-unhide:no;
621        mso-style-locked:yes;
622        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
623        mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;
624        mso-bidi-font-size:14.0pt;
625        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
626        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
627        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
628        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
629        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
630        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
631        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
632        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
633        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
634        color:#365F91;
635        mso-themecolor:accent1;
636        mso-themeshade:191;
637        font-weight:bold;}
638span.Heading2Char
639        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
640        mso-style-noshow:yes;
641        mso-style-priority:9;
642        mso-style-unhide:no;
643        mso-style-locked:yes;
644        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
645        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
646        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
647        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
648        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
649        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
650        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
651        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
652        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
653        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
654        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
655        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
656        color:#4F81BD;
657        mso-themecolor:accent1;
658        font-weight:bold;}
659span.Heading3Char
660        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
661        mso-style-noshow:yes;
662        mso-style-priority:9;
663        mso-style-unhide:no;
664        mso-style-locked:yes;
665        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
666        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
667        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
668        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
669        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
670        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
671        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
672        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
673        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
674        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
675        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
676        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
677        color:#4F81BD;
678        mso-themecolor:accent1;
679        font-weight:bold;}
680span.Heading4Char
681        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
682        mso-style-noshow:yes;
683        mso-style-priority:9;
684        mso-style-unhide:no;
685        mso-style-locked:yes;
686        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
687        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
688        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
689        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
690        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
691        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
692        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
693        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
694        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
695        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
696        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
697        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
698        color:#4F81BD;
699        mso-themecolor:accent1;
700        font-weight:bold;
701        font-style:italic;}
702span.Heading5Char
703        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
704        mso-style-noshow:yes;
705        mso-style-priority:9;
706        mso-style-unhide:no;
707        mso-style-locked:yes;
708        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
709        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
710        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
711        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
712        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
713        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
714        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
715        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
716        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
717        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
718        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
719        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
720        color:#243F60;
721        mso-themecolor:accent1;
722        mso-themeshade:127;}
723span.HTMLPreformattedChar
724        {mso-style-name:"HTML Preformatted Char";
725        mso-style-noshow:yes;
726        mso-style-priority:99;
727        mso-style-unhide:no;
728        mso-style-locked:yes;
729        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted";
730        font-family:"Courier New";
731        mso-ascii-font-family:"Courier New";
732        mso-hansi-font-family:"Courier New";
733        mso-bidi-font-family:"Courier New";}
734span.DocumentMapChar
735        {mso-style-name:"Document Map Char";
736        mso-style-noshow:yes;
737        mso-style-priority:99;
738        mso-style-unhide:no;
739        mso-style-locked:yes;
740        mso-style-link:"Document Map";
741        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
742        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
743        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
744        mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
745        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
746        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
747        mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;
748        mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;}
749span.BalloonTextChar
750        {mso-style-name:"Balloon Text Char";
751        mso-style-noshow:yes;
752        mso-style-priority:99;
753        mso-style-unhide:no;
754        mso-style-locked:yes;
755        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text";
756        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
757        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
758        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
759        mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
760        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
761        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
762        mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;
763        mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;}
764span.SpellE
765        {mso-style-name:"";
766        mso-spl-e:yes;}
767span.GramE
768        {mso-style-name:"";
769        mso-gram-e:yes;}
770.MsoChpDefault
771        {mso-style-type:export-only;
772        mso-default-props:yes;
773        font-size:10.0pt;
774        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
775        mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;}
776@page WordSection1
777        {size:8.5in 11.0in;
778        margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in;
779        mso-header-margin:.5in;
780        mso-footer-margin:.5in;
781        mso-paper-source:0;}
782div.WordSection1
783        {page:WordSection1;}
784 /* List Definitions */
785 @list l0
786        {mso-list-id:136146672;
787        mso-list-type:hybrid;
788        mso-list-template-ids:-1283699224 67698713 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
789@list l0:level1
790        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
791        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
792        mso-level-number-position:left;
793        margin-left:.75in;
794        text-indent:-.25in;}
795@list l0:level2
796        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
797        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
798        mso-level-number-position:left;
799        margin-left:1.25in;
800        text-indent:-.25in;}
801@list l1
802        {mso-list-id:142163818;
803        mso-list-type:hybrid;
804        mso-list-template-ids:773461610 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
805@list l1:level1
806        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
807        mso-level-number-position:left;
808        text-indent:-.25in;}
809@list l1:level2
810        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
811        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
812        mso-level-number-position:left;
813        text-indent:-.25in;}
814@list l1:level3
815        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
816        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
817        mso-level-number-position:right;
818        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
819@list l1:level4
820        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
821        mso-level-number-position:left;
822        text-indent:-.25in;}
823@list l1:level5
824        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
825        mso-level-number-position:left;
826        text-indent:-.25in;}
827@list l1:level6
828        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
829        mso-level-number-position:left;
830        text-indent:-.25in;}
831@list l1:level7
832        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
833        mso-level-number-position:left;
834        text-indent:-.25in;}
835@list l1:level8
836        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
837        mso-level-number-position:left;
838        text-indent:-.25in;}
839@list l1:level9
840        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
841        mso-level-number-position:left;
842        text-indent:-.25in;}
843@list l2
844        {mso-list-id:203979460;
845        mso-list-template-ids:88359672;}
846@list l2:level1
847        {mso-level-number-format:bullet;
848        mso-level-text:\F0B7;
849        mso-level-tab-stop:.5in;
850        mso-level-number-position:left;
851        text-indent:-.25in;
852        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
853        font-family:Symbol;}
854@list l2:level2
855        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
856        mso-level-number-position:left;
857        text-indent:-.25in;}
858@list l2:level3
859        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
860        mso-level-number-position:left;
861        text-indent:-.25in;}
862@list l2:level4
863        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
864        mso-level-number-position:left;
865        text-indent:-.25in;}
866@list l2:level5
867        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
868        mso-level-number-position:left;
869        text-indent:-.25in;}
870@list l2:level6
871        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
872        mso-level-number-position:left;
873        text-indent:-.25in;}
874@list l2:level7
875        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
876        mso-level-number-position:left;
877        text-indent:-.25in;}
878@list l2:level8
879        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
880        mso-level-number-position:left;
881        text-indent:-.25in;}
882@list l2:level9
883        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
884        mso-level-number-position:left;
885        text-indent:-.25in;}
886@list l3
887        {mso-list-id:268514595;
888        mso-list-type:hybrid;
889        mso-list-template-ids:-1814001090 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
890@list l3:level1
891        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
892        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
893        mso-level-number-position:left;
894        margin-left:1.0in;
895        text-indent:-.25in;
896        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
897@list l3:level2
898        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
899        mso-level-number-position:left;
900        text-indent:-.25in;}
901@list l3:level3
902        {mso-level-tab-stop:112.5pt;
903        mso-level-number-position:left;
904        margin-left:112.5pt;
905        text-indent:-.25in;}
906@list l3:level4
907        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
908        mso-level-number-position:left;
909        text-indent:-.25in;}
910@list l3:level5
911        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
912        mso-level-number-position:left;
913        text-indent:-.25in;}
914@list l3:level6
915        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
916        mso-level-number-position:left;
917        text-indent:-.25in;}
918@list l3:level7
919        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
920        mso-level-number-position:left;
921        text-indent:-.25in;}
922@list l3:level8
923        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
924        mso-level-number-position:left;
925        text-indent:-.25in;}
926@list l3:level9
927        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
928        mso-level-number-position:left;
929        text-indent:-.25in;}
930@list l4
931        {mso-list-id:301277244;
932        mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
933@list l4:level1
934        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
935        mso-level-number-position:left;
936        text-indent:-.25in;}
937@list l4:level2
938        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
939        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
940        mso-level-number-position:left;
941        text-indent:-.25in;}
942@list l4:level3
943        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
944        mso-level-number-position:left;
945        text-indent:-.25in;}
946@list l4:level4
947        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
948        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
949        mso-level-number-position:left;
950        text-indent:-.25in;}
951@list l4:level5
952        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
953        mso-level-number-position:left;
954        text-indent:-.25in;}
955@list l4:level6
956        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
957        mso-level-number-position:left;
958        text-indent:-.25in;}
959@list l4:level7
960        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
961        mso-level-number-position:left;
962        text-indent:-.25in;}
963@list l4:level8
964        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
965        mso-level-number-position:left;
966        text-indent:-.25in;}
967@list l4:level9
968        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
969        mso-level-number-position:left;
970        text-indent:-.25in;}
971@list l5
972        {mso-list-id:424421782;
973        mso-list-template-ids:-445226636;}
974@list l5:level1
975        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
976        mso-level-number-position:left;
977        text-indent:-.25in;}
978@list l5:level2
979        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
980        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
981        mso-level-number-position:left;
982        text-indent:-.25in;}
983@list l5:level3
984        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
985        mso-level-number-position:left;
986        text-indent:-.25in;}
987@list l5:level4
988        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
989        mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
990        mso-level-number-position:left;
991        text-indent:-.25in;}
992@list l5:level5
993        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
994        mso-level-number-position:left;
995        text-indent:-.25in;}
996@list l5:level6
997        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
998        mso-level-number-position:left;
999        text-indent:-.25in;}
1000@list l5:level7
1001        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1002        mso-level-number-position:left;
1003        text-indent:-.25in;}
1004@list l5:level8
1005        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1006        mso-level-number-position:left;
1007        text-indent:-.25in;}
1008@list l5:level9
1009        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1010        mso-level-number-position:left;
1011        text-indent:-.25in;}
1012@list l6
1013        {mso-list-id:617220658;
1014        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1015        mso-list-template-ids:1177170962 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1016@list l6:level1
1017        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1018        mso-level-number-position:left;
1019        text-indent:-.25in;}
1020@list l6:level2
1021        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1022        mso-level-number-position:left;
1023        text-indent:-.25in;}
1024@list l6:level3
1025        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1026        mso-level-number-position:left;
1027        text-indent:-.25in;}
1028@list l6:level4
1029        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1030        mso-level-number-position:left;
1031        text-indent:-.25in;}
1032@list l6:level5
1033        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1034        mso-level-number-position:left;
1035        text-indent:-.25in;}
1036@list l6:level6
1037        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1038        mso-level-number-position:left;
1039        text-indent:-.25in;}
1040@list l6:level7
1041        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1042        mso-level-number-position:left;
1043        text-indent:-.25in;}
1044@list l6:level8
1045        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1046        mso-level-number-position:left;
1047        text-indent:-.25in;}
1048@list l6:level9
1049        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1050        mso-level-number-position:left;
1051        text-indent:-.25in;}
1052@list l7
1053        {mso-list-id:656106218;
1054        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1055        mso-list-template-ids:185874704 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1056@list l7:level1
1057        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1058        mso-level-number-position:left;
1059        text-indent:-.25in;}
1060@list l7:level2
1061        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1062        mso-level-number-position:left;
1063        text-indent:-.25in;}
1064@list l7:level3
1065        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1066        mso-level-number-position:left;
1067        text-indent:-.25in;}
1068@list l7:level4
1069        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1070        mso-level-number-position:left;
1071        text-indent:-.25in;}
1072@list l7:level5
1073        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1074        mso-level-number-position:left;
1075        text-indent:-.25in;}
1076@list l7:level6
1077        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1078        mso-level-number-position:left;
1079        text-indent:-.25in;}
1080@list l7:level7
1081        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1082        mso-level-number-position:left;
1083        text-indent:-.25in;}
1084@list l7:level8
1085        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1086        mso-level-number-position:left;
1087        text-indent:-.25in;}
1088@list l7:level9
1089        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1090        mso-level-number-position:left;
1091        text-indent:-.25in;}
1092@list l8
1093        {mso-list-id:734669460;
1094        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1095        mso-list-template-ids:1215081880 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1096@list l8:level1
1097        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1098        mso-level-number-position:left;
1099        text-indent:-.25in;}
1100@list l8:level2
1101        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1102        mso-level-number-position:left;
1103        text-indent:-.25in;}
1104@list l8:level3
1105        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1106        mso-level-number-position:left;
1107        text-indent:-.25in;}
1108@list l8:level4
1109        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1110        mso-level-number-position:left;
1111        text-indent:-.25in;}
1112@list l8:level5
1113        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1114        mso-level-number-position:left;
1115        text-indent:-.25in;}
1116@list l8:level6
1117        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1118        mso-level-number-position:left;
1119        text-indent:-.25in;}
1120@list l8:level7
1121        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1122        mso-level-number-position:left;
1123        text-indent:-.25in;}
1124@list l8:level8
1125        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1126        mso-level-number-position:left;
1127        text-indent:-.25in;}
1128@list l8:level9
1129        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1130        mso-level-number-position:left;
1131        text-indent:-.25in;}
1132@list l9
1133        {mso-list-id:919948450;
1134        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1135        mso-list-template-ids:-1980985146 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1136@list l9:level1
1137        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1138        mso-level-number-position:left;
1139        text-indent:-.25in;}
1140@list l9:level2
1141        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1142        mso-level-number-position:left;
1143        text-indent:-.25in;}
1144@list l9:level3
1145        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1146        mso-level-number-position:left;
1147        text-indent:-.25in;}
1148@list l9:level4
1149        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1150        mso-level-number-position:left;
1151        text-indent:-.25in;}
1152@list l9:level5
1153        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1154        mso-level-number-position:left;
1155        text-indent:-.25in;}
1156@list l9:level6
1157        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1158        mso-level-number-position:left;
1159        text-indent:-.25in;}
1160@list l9:level7
1161        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1162        mso-level-number-position:left;
1163        text-indent:-.25in;}
1164@list l9:level8
1165        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1166        mso-level-number-position:left;
1167        text-indent:-.25in;}
1168@list l9:level9
1169        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1170        mso-level-number-position:left;
1171        text-indent:-.25in;}
1172@list l10
1173        {mso-list-id:1035230400;
1174        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1175        mso-list-template-ids:-2012591744 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1176@list l10:level1
1177        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1178        mso-level-number-position:left;
1179        text-indent:-.25in;}
1180@list l10:level2
1181        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1182        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1183        mso-level-number-position:left;
1184        text-indent:-.25in;}
1185@list l10:level3
1186        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1187        mso-level-number-position:left;
1188        text-indent:-.25in;}
1189@list l10:level4
1190        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1191        mso-level-number-position:left;
1192        text-indent:-.25in;}
1193@list l10:level5
1194        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1195        mso-level-number-position:left;
1196        text-indent:-.25in;}
1197@list l10:level6
1198        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1199        mso-level-number-position:left;
1200        text-indent:-.25in;}
1201@list l10:level7
1202        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1203        mso-level-number-position:left;
1204        text-indent:-.25in;}
1205@list l10:level8
1206        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1207        mso-level-number-position:left;
1208        text-indent:-.25in;}
1209@list l10:level9
1210        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1211        mso-level-number-position:left;
1212        text-indent:-.25in;}
1213@list l11
1214        {mso-list-id:1074664733;
1215        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1216        mso-list-template-ids:2033622918 1141245230 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1217@list l11:level1
1218        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1219        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1220        mso-level-number-position:left;
1221        margin-left:1.0in;
1222        text-indent:-.25in;
1223        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
1224@list l11:level2
1225        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1226        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1227        mso-level-number-position:left;
1228        text-indent:-.25in;}
1229@list l11:level3
1230        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1231        mso-level-number-position:left;
1232        text-indent:-.25in;}
1233@list l11:level4
1234        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1235        mso-level-number-position:left;
1236        text-indent:-.25in;}
1237@list l11:level5
1238        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1239        mso-level-number-position:left;
1240        text-indent:-.25in;}
1241@list l11:level6
1242        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1243        mso-level-number-position:left;
1244        text-indent:-.25in;}
1245@list l11:level7
1246        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1247        mso-level-number-position:left;
1248        text-indent:-.25in;}
1249@list l11:level8
1250        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1251        mso-level-number-position:left;
1252        text-indent:-.25in;}
1253@list l11:level9
1254        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1255        mso-level-number-position:left;
1256        text-indent:-.25in;}
1257@list l12
1258        {mso-list-id:1109205638;
1259        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1260        mso-list-template-ids:1564380636 67698713 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1261@list l12:level1
1262        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1263        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1264        mso-level-number-position:left;
1265        margin-left:.75in;
1266        text-indent:-.25in;}
1267@list l13
1268        {mso-list-id:1162892763;
1269        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1270        mso-list-template-ids:2091276960 -1984140816 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1271@list l13:level1
1272        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1273        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1274        mso-level-number-position:left;
1275        margin-left:1.0in;
1276        text-indent:-.25in;}
1277@list l13:level2
1278        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1279        mso-level-number-position:left;
1280        text-indent:-.25in;}
1281@list l13:level3
1282        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1283        mso-level-number-position:left;
1284        text-indent:-.25in;}
1285@list l13:level4
1286        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1287        mso-level-number-position:left;
1288        text-indent:-.25in;}
1289@list l13:level5
1290        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
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1292        text-indent:-.25in;}
1293@list l13:level6
1294        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1295        mso-level-number-position:left;
1296        text-indent:-.25in;}
1297@list l13:level7
1298        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1299        mso-level-number-position:left;
1300        text-indent:-.25in;}
1301@list l13:level8
1302        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1303        mso-level-number-position:left;
1304        text-indent:-.25in;}
1305@list l13:level9
1306        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1307        mso-level-number-position:left;
1308        text-indent:-.25in;}
1309@list l14
1310        {mso-list-id:1323200535;
1311        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1312        mso-list-template-ids:-720724778 859726762 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1313@list l14:level1
1314        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1315        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1316        mso-level-number-position:left;
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1318        text-indent:-.25in;}
1319@list l14:level2
1320        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1321        mso-level-number-position:left;
1322        text-indent:-.25in;}
1323@list l14:level3
1324        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1325        mso-level-number-position:left;
1326        text-indent:-.25in;}
1327@list l14:level4
1328        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1329        mso-level-number-position:left;
1330        text-indent:-.25in;}
1331@list l14:level5
1332        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1333        mso-level-number-position:left;
1334        text-indent:-.25in;}
1335@list l14:level6
1336        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1337        mso-level-number-position:left;
1338        text-indent:-.25in;}
1339@list l14:level7
1340        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1341        mso-level-number-position:left;
1342        text-indent:-.25in;}
1343@list l14:level8
1344        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1345        mso-level-number-position:left;
1346        text-indent:-.25in;}
1347@list l14:level9
1348        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1349        mso-level-number-position:left;
1350        text-indent:-.25in;}
1351@list l15
1352        {mso-list-id:1326516832;
1353        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1354        mso-list-template-ids:1433942448 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1355@list l15:level1
1356        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1357        mso-level-number-position:left;
1358        text-indent:-.25in;}
1359@list l15:level2
1360        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1361        mso-level-number-position:left;
1362        text-indent:-.25in;}
1363@list l15:level3
1364        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1365        mso-level-number-position:left;
1366        text-indent:-.25in;}
1367@list l15:level4
1368        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1369        mso-level-number-position:left;
1370        text-indent:-.25in;}
1371@list l15:level5
1372        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1373        mso-level-number-position:left;
1374        text-indent:-.25in;}
1375@list l15:level6
1376        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1377        mso-level-number-position:left;
1378        text-indent:-.25in;}
1379@list l15:level7
1380        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1381        mso-level-number-position:left;
1382        text-indent:-.25in;}
1383@list l15:level8
1384        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1385        mso-level-number-position:left;
1386        text-indent:-.25in;}
1387@list l15:level9
1388        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1389        mso-level-number-position:left;
1390        text-indent:-.25in;}
1391@list l16
1392        {mso-list-id:1453328047;
1393        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1394        mso-list-template-ids:768896778 -756651182 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1395@list l16:level1
1396        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1397        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1398        mso-level-number-position:left;
1399        margin-left:1.0in;
1400        text-indent:-.25in;
1401        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
1402@list l16:level2
1403        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1404        mso-level-number-position:left;
1405        text-indent:-.25in;}
1406@list l16:level3
1407        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1408        mso-level-number-position:left;
1409        text-indent:-.25in;}
1410@list l16:level4
1411        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1412        mso-level-number-position:left;
1413        text-indent:-.25in;}
1414@list l16:level5
1415        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1416        mso-level-number-position:left;
1417        text-indent:-.25in;}
1418@list l16:level6
1419        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1420        mso-level-number-position:left;
1421        text-indent:-.25in;}
1422@list l16:level7
1423        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1424        mso-level-number-position:left;
1425        text-indent:-.25in;}
1426@list l16:level8
1427        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1428        mso-level-number-position:left;
1429        text-indent:-.25in;}
1430@list l16:level9
1431        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1432        mso-level-number-position:left;
1433        text-indent:-.25in;}
1434@list l17
1435        {mso-list-id:1602683002;
1436        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1437        mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1438@list l17:level1
1439        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1440        mso-level-number-position:left;
1441        text-indent:-.25in;}
1442@list l17:level2
1443        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1444        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1445        mso-level-number-position:left;
1446        text-indent:-.25in;}
1447@list l17:level3
1448        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1449        mso-level-number-position:left;
1450        text-indent:-.25in;}
1451@list l17:level4
1452        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1453        mso-level-number-position:left;
1454        text-indent:-.25in;}
1455@list l17:level5
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1457        mso-level-number-position:left;
1458        text-indent:-.25in;}
1459@list l17:level6
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1461        mso-level-number-position:left;
1462        text-indent:-.25in;}
1463@list l17:level7
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1465        mso-level-number-position:left;
1466        text-indent:-.25in;}
1467@list l17:level8
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1469        mso-level-number-position:left;
1470        text-indent:-.25in;}
1471@list l17:level9
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1473        mso-level-number-position:left;
1474        text-indent:-.25in;}
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1481        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1482        mso-level-number-position:left;
1483        margin-left:1.0in;
1484        text-indent:-.25in;
1485        mso-ansi-font-weight:normal;}
1486@list l18:level2
1487        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1488        mso-level-number-position:left;
1489        text-indent:-.25in;}
1490@list l18:level3
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1492        mso-level-number-position:left;
1493        margin-left:112.5pt;
1494        text-indent:-.25in;}
1495@list l18:level4
1496        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1497        mso-level-number-position:left;
1498        text-indent:-.25in;}
1499@list l18:level5
1500        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1501        mso-level-number-position:left;
1502        text-indent:-.25in;}
1503@list l18:level6
1504        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1505        mso-level-number-position:left;
1506        text-indent:-.25in;}
1507@list l18:level7
1508        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1509        mso-level-number-position:left;
1510        text-indent:-.25in;}
1511@list l18:level8
1512        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1513        mso-level-number-position:left;
1514        text-indent:-.25in;}
1515@list l18:level9
1516        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1517        mso-level-number-position:left;
1518        text-indent:-.25in;}
1519@list l19
1520        {mso-list-id:1753089587;
1521        mso-list-template-ids:1555050902;}
1522@list l19:level1
1523        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1524        mso-level-number-position:left;
1525        text-indent:-.25in;}
1526@list l19:level2
1527        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1528        mso-level-number-position:left;
1529        text-indent:-.25in;}
1530@list l19:level3
1531        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1532        mso-level-number-position:left;
1533        text-indent:-.25in;}
1534@list l19:level4
1535        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1536        mso-level-number-position:left;
1537        text-indent:-.25in;}
1538@list l19:level5
1539        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1540        mso-level-number-position:left;
1541        text-indent:-.25in;}
1542@list l19:level6
1543        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1544        mso-level-number-position:left;
1545        text-indent:-.25in;}
1546@list l19:level7
1547        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1548        mso-level-number-position:left;
1549        text-indent:-.25in;}
1550@list l19:level8
1551        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1552        mso-level-number-position:left;
1553        text-indent:-.25in;}
1554@list l19:level9
1555        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1556        mso-level-number-position:left;
1557        text-indent:-.25in;}
1558@list l20
1559        {mso-list-id:2029942403;
1560        mso-list-template-ids:1555050902;}
1561@list l20:level1
1562        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1563        mso-level-number-position:left;
1564        text-indent:-.25in;}
1565@list l20:level2
1566        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1567        mso-level-number-position:left;
1568        text-indent:-.25in;}
1569@list l20:level3
1570        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1571        mso-level-number-position:left;
1572        text-indent:-.25in;}
1573@list l20:level4
1574        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1575        mso-level-number-position:left;
1576        text-indent:-.25in;}
1577@list l20:level5
1578        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1579        mso-level-number-position:left;
1580        text-indent:-.25in;}
1581@list l20:level6
1582        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1583        mso-level-number-position:left;
1584        text-indent:-.25in;}
1585@list l20:level7
1586        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1587        mso-level-number-position:left;
1588        text-indent:-.25in;}
1589@list l20:level8
1590        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1591        mso-level-number-position:left;
1592        text-indent:-.25in;}
1593@list l20:level9
1594        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1595        mso-level-number-position:left;
1596        text-indent:-.25in;}
1597@list l21
1598        {mso-list-id:2095858496;
1599        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1600        mso-list-template-ids:-2088890812 709683864 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1601@list l21:level1
1602        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1603        mso-level-number-position:left;
1604        text-indent:-.25in;}
1605@list l21:level2
1606        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1607        mso-level-number-position:left;
1608        text-indent:-.25in;}
1609@list l21:level3
1610        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1611        mso-level-number-position:left;
1612        text-indent:-.25in;}
1613@list l21:level4
1614        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1615        mso-level-number-position:left;
1616        text-indent:-.25in;}
1617@list l21:level5
1618        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1619        mso-level-number-position:left;
1620        text-indent:-.25in;}
1621@list l21:level6
1622        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1623        mso-level-number-position:left;
1624        text-indent:-.25in;}
1625@list l21:level7
1626        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1627        mso-level-number-position:left;
1628        text-indent:-.25in;}
1629@list l21:level8
1630        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1631        mso-level-number-position:left;
1632        text-indent:-.25in;}
1633@list l21:level9
1634        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1635        mso-level-number-position:left;
1636        text-indent:-.25in;}
1637@list l22
1638        {mso-list-id:2096583681;
1639        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1640        mso-list-template-ids:-17298958 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1641@list l22:level1
1642        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1643        mso-level-number-position:left;
1644        text-indent:-.25in;}
1645@list l22:level2
1646        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1647        mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
1648        mso-level-number-position:left;
1649        text-indent:-.25in;}
1650@list l22:level3
1651        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
1652        mso-level-number-position:left;
1653        text-indent:-.25in;}
1654@list l22:level4
1655        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
1656        mso-level-number-position:left;
1657        text-indent:-.25in;}
1658@list l22:level5
1659        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
1660        mso-level-number-position:left;
1661        text-indent:-.25in;}
1662@list l22:level6
1663        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
1664        mso-level-number-position:left;
1665        text-indent:-.25in;}
1666@list l22:level7
1667        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
1668        mso-level-number-position:left;
1669        text-indent:-.25in;}
1670@list l22:level8
1671        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1672        mso-level-number-position:left;
1673        text-indent:-.25in;}
1674@list l22:level9
1675        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1676        mso-level-number-position:left;
1677        text-indent:-.25in;}
1678ol
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1689        mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
1690        mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
1691        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1692        mso-style-priority:99;
1693        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1694        mso-style-parent:"";
1695        mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;
1696        mso-para-margin:0in;
1697        mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1698        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1699        font-size:10.0pt;
1700        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";}
1701</style>
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1737 alt="GSAS-II logo" style='position:absolute;margin-left:56pt;margin-top:0;
1738 width:96pt;height:96pt;z-index:1;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square;
1739 mso-wrap-distance-left:0;mso-wrap-distance-top:0;mso-wrap-distance-right:0;
1740 mso-wrap-distance-bottom:0;mso-position-horizontal:right;
1741 mso-position-horizontal-relative:text;mso-position-vertical:absolute;
1742 mso-position-vertical-relative:line' o:allowoverlap="f">
1743 <v:imagedata src="gsas2logo.png"/>
1744 <w:wrap type="square" anchory="line"/>
1745</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=128 height=128 src=gsas2logo.png
1746align=right alt="GSAS-II logo" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_2"><![endif]><span
1747style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Help for GSAS-II<o:p></o:p></span></h1>
1748
1749<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1750is where to find help on various GSAS-II windows and plots. Note that GSAS-II
1751operates with three windows: the main <a href="#Data_tree">GSAS-II data tree</a>
1752window, which provides a hierarchical view of the current project; the <a
1753href="#Data_Frame">GSAS-II data editing</a> window, which shows the contents of
1754a particular section of the project, where values can be examined and changed;
1755and the <a href="#Plots">GSAS-II Plots</a> window, which shows graphical
1756representations of the results. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1757
1758<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
1759style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1760
1761<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
1762
1763</span></div>
1764
1765<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
1766style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1767
1768<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
1769
1770</span></div>
1771
1772<h2><a name="Data_tree"></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>1.
1773GSAS-II data tree<o:p></o:p></span></h2>
1774
1775<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1776is a hierarchical view of the data items in your GSAS-II project (name.gpx).
1777Clicking on any item in the tree opens a window where information in that item
1778can be viewed or edited. For example, the <a href="#Sample_Parameters">&quot;Sample
1779Parameters&quot;</a> item under a &#8216;PWDR&#8217; entry contains information
1780about how data were collected, such as the sample temperature <a
1781href="#Sample_Parameters">(see below)</a>. The arrow keys (up &amp; down) move the
1782selection to successive entries in the data tree; both the data window and the
1783associated plot (if any) will change.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1784
1785<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1786
1787<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
1788menus associated with this window provide access to many features of GSAS-II,
1789as outlined below: <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1790
1791<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1792style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1793style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1794&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1795
1796<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1797auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1798style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1799style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1800style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Open project&#8230;</b> - Open a previously
1801saved GSAS-II project file (name.gpx). If you currently have a project file
1802open, you are asked if it is OK to over write it; Cancel will cancel the
1803process. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>NB</b>: you may open a backup <span
1804class=SpellE>gpx</span> file (e.g. name.bak3.gpx) to recover a previous version
1805of your project. Remember to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Save As</b>&#8230;
1806to e.g. name.gpx to overwrite the current version. Otherwise you may get
1807backups of your backup file (e.g. name.bak3.bak0.gpx, etc.).</p>
1808
1809<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1810auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1811style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1812style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1813style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Save project</b> &#8211; Save the current
1814project. If a file name is shown after &#8216;Loaded Data:&#8217; in the data
1815tree<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>, it will be saved
1816there. Otherwise, you will be prompted for a new name in a file dialog (you may
1817change directory as well). If the file exists, you will be asked if it OK to
1818overwrite.</span></p>
1819
1820<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1821auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1822style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1823style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1824style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Save
1825As&#8230;</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> -
1826Save the current project to a new file. A file dialog will be shown to enter
1827the name (and change directory if desired). If the file exists, you will be
1828asked if it OK to overwrite.</span></p>
1829
1830<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1831auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1832style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1833style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1834style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Close
1835project</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1836&#8211; Close the current project; you will be asked if you want to save it
1837first.</span></p>
1838
1839<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1840auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1841style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1842style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1843style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Exit</span></b><span
1844style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; Exit the GSAS-II
1845program; if there is a current project you will be asked if you want to save it
1846first. Pressing the red X in the upper right (Windows) also exits (no save
1847option) GSAS-II; useful for escaping from GSAS-II if needed.</span></p>
1848
1849<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1850style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1851style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1852&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Data</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1853
1854<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1855auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1856style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1857style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1858style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read powder data&#8230;</b> - Read in
1859powder diffraction patterns (multiple patterns can be selected). GSAS-II can
1860read most of the old GSAS powder format files with the position in <span
1861class=SpellE>centidegrees</span> 2-theta. It can also read &#8220;<span
1862class=SpellE>xye</span>&#8221; format files used by <span class=SpellE>topas</span>
1863where the position is in degrees 2-theta. As each file is read, an old GSAS
1864style &#8220;instrument parameter file&#8221; is searched for; if not found a <span
1865class=SpellE>CuK</span><span style='font-family:Symbol'>a</span> laboratory
1866data set is assumed. </p>
1867
1868<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1869auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1870style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1871style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1872style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read image data&#8230;</b> - Read in 2-D
1873powder diffraction images (multiple patterns can be selected). GSAS-II can read
1874many different image file formats including MAR345 files, Quantum ADSC files,
1875and tiff files from Perkin-Elmer, Pilatus, and GE. Although many of these
1876formats have data fields that should contain relevant information for the
1877exposure (e.g. wavelength), these are rarely filled in correctly by the data
1878acquisition software. Thus, you should have separately noted this information
1879as it will be needed</p>
1880
1881<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1882auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1883style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1884style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1885style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read Powder Pattern Peaks&#8230;</b> - Read
1886in a list of powder pattern peak positions as either a d-spacing table or a set
1887of 2<span style='font-family:Symbol'>Q</span> positions; these can be used in
1888GSAS-II powder pattern indexing. </p>
1889
1890<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1891auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1892style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1893style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1894style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read single crystal data&#8230;</b> - </p>
1895
1896<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1897auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1898style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1899style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1900style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sum powder data</b> - </p>
1901
1902<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1903auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1904style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
1905style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1906style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sum image data</b> - </p>
1907
1908<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1909auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1910style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
1911style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1912style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Add phase</b> - </p>
1913
1914<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1915auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1916style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>h.<span
1917style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1918style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete phase</b> - </p>
1919
1920<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1921auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1922style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>i.<span
1923style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
1924</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Rename
1925data</b> - </p>
1926
1927<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1928auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1929style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>j.<span
1930style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
1931</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete
1932data</b> - </p>
1933
1934<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1935style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1936style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1937&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Calculate</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1938
1939<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1940auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1941style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1942style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1943style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Make new PDFs</b> - </p>
1944
1945<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1946auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1947style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1948style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1949style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>View LS <span class=SpellE>parms</span></b>
1950- </p>
1951
1952<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1953auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1954style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1955style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1956style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Refine</b> - </p>
1957
1958<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1959auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1960style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1961style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1962style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sequential refine</b> - </p>
1963
1964<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1965auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1966style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1967style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1968style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Solve</b> - </p>
1969
1970<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1971style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
1972style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1973&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1974
1975<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1976auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1977style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1978style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1979style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import Phase (specific) - </b></p>
1980
1981<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
1982auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
1983style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1984style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1985style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import Phase GSAS.EXP&#8230;</b></p>
1986
1987<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
1988auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
1989style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1990style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1991style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import Phase PDB&#8230;</b></p>
1992
1993<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
1994auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
1995style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1996style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1997style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import Phase CIF&#8230;</b></p>
1998
1999<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.5in;mso-add-space:
2000auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level3 lfo1;tab-stops:list 1.5in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2001style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
2002style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2003style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import Phase GSAS-II <span class=SpellE>gpx</span>&#8230;</b></p>
2004
2005<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2006auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2007style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2008style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2009style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import Powder Pattern&#8230;</b> - </p>
2010
2011<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2012auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2013style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2014style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2015style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import HKLs&#8230;</b> - </p>
2016
2017<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2018style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
2019style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
2020&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export</b>&#8217; &#8211;</p>
2021
2022<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2023auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2024style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2025style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2026style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export Powder Patterns&#8230;</b> - </p>
2027
2028<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2029auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2030style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2031style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2032style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export All Peak Lists&#8230;</b> - </p>
2033
2034<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2035auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2036style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2037style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2038style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export HKLs&#8230;</b> - </p>
2039
2040<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2041auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2042style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
2043style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2044style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export PDF&#8230;</b> - </p>
2045
2046<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2047auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2048style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
2049style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2050style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export Phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
2051
2052<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
2053text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l10 level2 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
2054style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
2055style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2056style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export CIF&#8230;</b> - </p>
2057
2058<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
2059style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2060
2061<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
2062
2063</span></div>
2064
2065<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
2066style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2067
2068<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
2069
2070</span></div>
2071
2072<h2><a name="Data_Frame"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2.
2073GSAS-II Data Editing Window</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2074"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
2075
2076<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Different
2077information is displayed in the Data Editing Window, depending on which section
2078of the <a href="#Data_tree">data tree</a> is selected. For example, clicking on
2079the &quot;Notebook&quot; entry of the tree brings up the Notebook editing
2080window described below. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2081
2082<h4><a name=Notebook><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Notebook</span></a><span
2083style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2084
2085<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2086window provides a place for you to enter whatever text commentary you wish.
2087Each time you enter this window, a date/time entry is provided for you. A
2088possibly useful technique is to select a portion of the console window after a
2089refinement completes (it will contain refinement results with residuals, new
2090values &amp; <span class=SpellE>esds</span>) and paste it into this Notebook
2091window so it becomes a part of your project file.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2092
2093<h4><a name=Controls><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Controls</span></a><span
2094style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2095
2096<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2097window provides the main controls for the major calculations in GSAS-II. At
2098present only Refinement Controls are presented. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2099
2100<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Two
2101of the main refinement tools are the <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>fortran</span></span>
2102MINPACK <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span>
2103algorithms wrapped in python as provided in the <span class=SpellE>Scipy</span>
2104package and a third one is a python version utilizing only the <span
2105class=SpellE>numpy</span> package. The purpose is to </span>minimize the sum of
2106the squares of M<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2107nonlinear functions in N variables by a modification of the <span class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt
2108algorithm. The <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span>
2109routines were written by </span>Burton S. <span class=SpellE>Garbow</span>,
2110Kenneth E. <span class=SpellE>Hillstrom</span>, <span class=GramE>Jorge</span>
2111J. <span class=GramE>More (Argonne National Laboratory, 1980).</span> The
2112python/numpy version was developed by us based on the material in Numerical
2113Recipes (Press, Flannery, <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Teulosky</span></span>
2114&amp; <span class=SpellE>Vetterling</span>) for the <span class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt
2115algorithm.<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
2116
2117<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2118
2119<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2120style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2121style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2122style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select whether the refinement
2123uses &#8216;analytic <span class=SpellE>Jacobian</span>&#8217;, &#8216;analytic
2124Hessian&#8217; or &#8216;numeric&#8217; derivatives. The last is slower and
2125perhaps a bit less accurate, but may be needed if the analytic functions are
2126not fully developed. The <span class=SpellE>Jacobian</span> matrix is shaped N
2127x M (parameters x observations) and is much larger than the Hessian matrix
2128which is shaped M x M (parameters x parameters). Generally use &#8216;analytic
2129Hessian&#8217; for routine work.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2130
2131<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2132style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2133style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2134style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select &#8216;Min
2135delta-M/M&#8217; for convergence; the refinement will stop when the change in
2136the minimization function is less than this value. Set Min delta-M/M = 1.0 to
2137force just a single cycle to be performed. A value less than 10<sup>-4</sup>
2138(the default) generally gives no better result. The allowed range is 10<sup>-9</sup>
2139to 1.0.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2140
2141<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2142style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2143style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2144style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>If &#8216;analytic
2145Jacobean&#8217; is chosen then select &#8216;Initial shift factor&#8217; for
2146the first cycle of refinement. This value is modified by the least squares
2147routine. The allowed range is 10<sup>-5</sup> to 100. Smaller values may be
2148needed if your initial <span class=GramE>refinement</span> trials immediately
2149diverge, however make sure your starting parameter values are
2150&#8216;reasonable&#8217;. The selected default (=1.0) normally gives good
2151performance.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2152
2153<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2154style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
2155style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2156style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>If &#8216;analytic
2157Hessian&#8217; is chosen then select &#8216;Max cycles&#8217;, the maximum
2158number of least squares cycles to be performed. Least squares cycles are
2159determined by the number of times a new Hessian matrix is computes; the <span
2160class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt algorithm may compute the function
2161several times between cycles as it finds the optimal value of the Marquardt
2162coefficient. Choices are given in the pull down selection; the default is 3
2163cycles.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2164
2165<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l15 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
2166style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
2167style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2168style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select data for sequential
2169refinement; the data sets may be done in &#8216;reverse order&#8217;. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2170
2171<h4>Covariance<span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2172
2173<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2174window is blank; the GSASII Plots window &#8216;<a href="#Covariance">Covariance&#8217;</a>
2175shows a graphical representation of the variance-covariance matrix <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2176
2177<h4><a name=Constraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Constraints<o:p></o:p></span></a></h4>
2178
2179<span style='mso-bookmark:Constraints'></span>
2180
2181<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2182window shows the constraints to be used in a refinement. It is organized into
2183three tabbed pages. &#8216;Phase constraints&#8217; contain those involving
2184parameters that describe aspects of the crystalline phases to be used in the
2185refinement (e.g. atom coordinates, thermal motion and site fraction
2186parameters). &#8216;Histogram/Phase constraints&#8217; are those which describe
2187aspects of the pattern that depend on both the phase and the data set used in
2188the refinement (e.g. </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:
2189"Times New Roman"'>m</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>strain
2190and crystallite size parameters). &#8216;Histogram constraints&#8217; are those
2191that depend only on the data set (e.g. profile coefficients U<span class=GramE>,V,W,X</span>
2192and Y).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2193
2194<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2195
2196<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2197style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2198style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2199style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select the tab for the
2200parameter types you wish to constrain. Each will have the same possibilities in
2201the &#8216;Edit menu.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2202
2203<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level1 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2204style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2205style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2206style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2207style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2208
2209<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2210auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2211style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2212style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2213class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2214"Times New Roman"'>Add</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2215style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> Hold</span></b><span
2216style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; select a parameter
2217that you wish to remain fixed although other parameters of the same type may be
2218selected as a group for refinement. For example, if the space group for a phase
2219has a polar axis (e.g. the b-axis in P2<sub>1</sub>), then one atom y-parameter
2220is arbitrary and should be selected for a Hold to keep the structure from
2221drifting up or down the y-axis during refinement. If selected, a dialog box
2222will appear showing the list of available parameters; select one and then OK to
2223implement it, Cancel will cancel the operation. The held parameter will be
2224shown in the constraint window with the keyword &#8216;FIXED&#8217;. A Delete
2225button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2226
2227<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2228auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2229style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2230style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2231style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
2232equivalence</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2233&#8211; select a list of parameters that should have the same value (possibly
2234with a non-unitary multiplier for some). Examples are a list of atoms with the
2235same thermal motion <span class=SpellE>Uiso</span>, sets of profile
2236coefficients U<span class=GramE>,V,W</span> across multiple data sets. If
2237selected, a dialog box will appear with a list of the available parameters.
2238Select one and press OK; a second dialog box will appear with only those
2239parameters that can be made equivalent to the first one. Choose those and press
2240OK. Cancel in either dialog will cancel the operation. The equivalenced
2241parameters will show as an equation of the form M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>=0;
2242usually M1=1.0 and M2=-1.0, but can be changed via the &#8216;Edit&#8217;
2243button. The keyword &#8216;EQUIV&#8217; marks it as <span class=GramE>an
2244equivalence</span>. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2245
2246<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2247auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2248style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2249style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2250style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
2251constraint</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2252&#8211; select a list of parameters whose sum (with possible non-unitary
2253multipliers) is fixed. For example, the sum of site fractions for atoms on the
2254same site could be fixed to unity. If selected, a dialog box will appear with a
2255list of the available parameters. Select one and press OK; a second dialog box
2256will appear with only those parameters that can be used in a constraint with
2257the first one. Choose those and press OK. Cancel in either dialog will cancel
2258the operation. The equivalenced parameters will show as an equation of the form
2259M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>+&#8230;=C; the
2260multipliers M1, <span class=GramE>M2, &#8230;</span> and C can be changed via
2261the &#8216;Edit&#8217; button. The keyword &#8216;CONSTR&#8217; marks it as a
2262constraint. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2263
2264<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
2265text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l17 level2 lfo3'><![if !supportLists]><span
2266style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
2267style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2268style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
2269function</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2270&#8211; this is very similar the &#8220;Add constraint&#8221; type except that
2271the result of the sum can be varied in the refinement. The keyword
2272&#8216;FUNCT&#8217; marks it as a function; the &#8216;Refine?&#8217; box
2273indicates your choice to refine the result of the sum. A Delete button can be used
2274to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2275
2276<h4><a name=Restraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Restraints</span></a><span
2277style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2278
2279<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2280window is empty<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2281
2282<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2283
2284<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Nothing
2285just yet<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2286
2287<h4><a name=Sequential></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Sequential</span></u><span
2288style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> refinement results<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2289
2290<p class=MsoNormal>In this window is tabulated the results of your sequential
2291refinement. The columns are the parameter names; the naming convention is
2292&#8216;p<span class=GramE>:h:name:n&#8217;</span> where p is the phase number,
2293h is the histogram number, name is the parameter name, and num (if needed) is
2294the item number (e.g. atom number). The rows are the data sets used in the
2295sequential refinement.</p>
2296
2297<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2298
2299<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></h5>
2300
2301<h3>Histograms</h3>
2302
2303<p class=MsoNormal>These are shown in the data tree with a prefix of
2304&#8216;PWDR&#8217;, &#8217;HKLF&#8217;, &#8216;IMG&#8217;, &#8216;PDF&#8217; or
2305&#8216;XXXX&#8217; (future &#8211; restraints??) and usually a file name. These
2306constitute the data sets (&#8216;Histograms&#8217;) to be used by GSAS-II for
2307analysis. Selection of these items does not produce any information in the data
2308window but does display the data in the Plots Window. They are described below.</p>
2309
2310<h3><a name="PWD_Analysis"></a>Powder Histograms - PWDR</h3>
2311
2312<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>When
2313a powder diffraction data set (prefix &#8216;PWDR&#8217;) is selected from the </span><a
2314href="#Data_tree"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>data
2315tree</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>, a variety
2316of subcategories in the tree are shown. The items that are shown depend on the
2317data set type. Selecting a subcategory raises the window listed below. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2318
2319<h5><a name=Comments></a><a name=""></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span
2320style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
2321
2322<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l20 level1 lfo4'><span
2323style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><![if !supportLists]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2324"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
2325</span></span></span><![endif]><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu
2326&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Analysis</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
2327
2328<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
2329text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l18 level1 lfo5'><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><![if !supportLists]><span
2330style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2331style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2332style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Analyze</span></b></span><span
2333style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2334&#8211; this produces a &#8216;normal probability&#8217; plot for the
2335refinement result as bounded by the limits. The slope and intercept of the curve
2336in the central region (-1 &lt; </span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span
2337style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>D</span></span><span
2338style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>/</span></span><span
2339style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:
2340"Times New Roman"'>s</span></span><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><span
2341style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &lt; 1) are shown on the plot
2342status line. The slope is the square root of GOF for the best fit set of data
2343points (~68% of the data).<o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
2344
2345<h4><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'><u>Comments<o:p></o:p></u></span></h4>
2346
2347<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'>This window shows
2348whatever comment lines (preceded by &#8220;#&#8221;) found when the powder data
2349file was read by GSAS-II. If you are lucky, there will be useful information
2350here (e.g. sample name, date collected, wavelength used, etc.). If not, this
2351window will be blank. The text is read-only in that anything you try to enter
2352here is not saved.</span></p>
2353
2354<span style='mso-bookmark:Comments'></span>
2355
2356<h4><a name=Limits><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Limits</span></u></a><u><span
2357style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></u></h4>
2358
2359<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2360window shows the limits in position to be used in any fitting for this powder
2361pattern. The &#8216;original&#8217; values are obtained from the minimum &amp;
2362maximum values in the powder pattern. You can modify &#8216;changed&#8217; as
2363needed.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2364
2365<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2366
2367<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo24'><![if !supportLists]><span
2368style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2369style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2370style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change <span
2371class=SpellE>Tmin</span> and <span class=SpellE>Tmax</span> in the
2372&#8216;changed&#8217; row as needed. Use the mouse to select the value to be
2373changed (the background on the box will be blue or have a black border or a
2374vertical bar will appear in the value), then enter the new value and press
2375Enter or click the mouse elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the
2376new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2377
2378<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo24'><![if !supportLists]><span
2379style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2380style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2381style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Modify the values of
2382&#8216;changed&#8217;; this can be done on the plot by dragging the limit bars
2383(left &#8211; vertical green dashed line, right &#8211; vertical red dashed
2384line) into position. A left or right mouse click on a data point on the plot
2385will set the associated limit. In either case the appropriate value on the
2386&#8216;changed&#8217; row will be updated immediately.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2387
2388<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo24'><![if !supportLists]><span
2389style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2390style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2391style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2392style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2393
2394<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
2395text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level2 lfo24;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
2396style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2397style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2398style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy</span></b><span
2399style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this copies the
2400limits shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy
2401Parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder patterns, you can
2402copy the limits parameters to any or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217; to
2403copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217;
2404to cancel the operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2405
2406<h4><a name=Background><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Background<o:p></o:p></span></u></a></h4>
2407
2408<span style='mso-bookmark:Background'></span>
2409
2410<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2411window shows the choice of background functions and coefficients to be used in
2412fitting this powder pattern. There are three types of contributions available
2413for the background:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2414
2415<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>1).
2416A continuous empirical function (&#8216;<span class=SpellE>chebyschev</span>&#8217;,
2417&#8216;cosine&#8217;, &#8216;<span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>lin</span></span>
2418interpolate&#8217;, &#8216;inv interpolate&#8217; &amp; &#8216;log
2419interpolate&#8217;). The latter three select fixed points with spacing that is <span
2420class=GramE>either equal</span>, inversely equal or equal on a log scale of the
2421x-coordinate. The set of magnitudes at each point then comprise the background
2422variables. All are refined when refine is selected.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2423
2424<p class=MsoNormal style='tab-stops:0in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2425"Times New Roman"'>2). A set of Debye diffuse scattering equation terms of the
2426form:<br>
2427</span><!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMath><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span
2428 style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span
2429 style='mso-tab-count:2'> </span><m:r>B</m:r><m:r>=</m:r><m:r>A</m:r></span></i><m:d><m:dPr><span
2430   style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2431   mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2432   normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:dPr><m:e><m:f><m:fPr><m:type m:val="skw"/><span
2433     style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2434     mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2435     normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:fPr><m:num><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2436     normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2437     "Times New Roman"'><m:r>sinQR</m:r></span></i></m:num><m:den><i
2438     style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2439     mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>QR</m:r></span></i></m:den></m:f></m:e></m:d><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
2440   style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2441   mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2442   normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2443   normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2444   "Times New Roman"'><m:r>e</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2445   normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2446   "Times New Roman"'><m:r>-</m:r><m:r>U</m:r></span></i><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
2447     style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2448     mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2449     normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2450     normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2451     "Times New Roman"'><m:r>Q</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i
2452     style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2453     mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup></m:sup></m:sSup></m:oMath><![endif]--><![if !msEquation]><span
2454style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2455"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;position:relative;
2456top:16.0pt;mso-text-raise:-16.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:
2457EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="_x0000_i1025"
2458 type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:133.5pt;height:38.25pt'>
2459 <v:imagedata src="gsasII_files/image001.png" o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
2460</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=178 height=51
2461src="gsasII_files/image002.gif" v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><span
2462style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-tab-count:
24631'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></span></p>
2464
2465<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>where</span></span><span
2466style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> A,R &amp; U are the possible
2467variables and can be individually selected as desired; Q = 2</span><span
2468style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>p</span><span
2469style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>/d.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2470
2471<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>3).
2472A set of individual Bragg peaks using the pseudo-Voigt profile function as
2473their shapes. Their parameters are &#8216;pos&#8217;, &#8217;<span
2474class=SpellE>int</span>&#8217;, &#8216;sig&#8217; &amp; &#8216;<span
2475class=SpellE>gam</span>&#8217;; each can be selected for refinement. The
2476default values for sig &amp; <span class=SpellE>gam</span> (=0.10) are for very
2477sharp peaks, you may adjust them accordingly to the kind of peak you are trying
2478to fit before trying to refine them.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2479
2480<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2481
2482<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2483style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2484style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2485style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2486style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2487
2488<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2489auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2490style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2491style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2492style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy</span></b><span
2493style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this copies the
2494background parameters shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a
2495dialog box (Copy Parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder
2496patterns, you can copy the background parameters to any or all of them; select
2497&#8216;All&#8217; to copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to
2498do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2499
2500<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2501style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2502style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2503style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can select a different
2504Background function from the pull down tab.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2505
2506<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2507style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2508style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2509style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can choose to refine/not
2510refine the background coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2511
2512<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2513style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
2514style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2515style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can select the number of
2516background coefficients to be used (1-36).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2517
2518<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2519style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
2520style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2521style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change individual background
2522coefficient values. Enter the value then press Enter or click the mouse
2523elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2524
2525<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2526style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span
2527style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2528style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can introduce one or more
2529Debye scattering terms into the background. For each one you should enter a sensible
2530value for &#8216;R&#8217; &#8211; an expected <span class=SpellE>interatomic</span>
2531distance in an amorphous phase is appropriate. Select parameters to refine;
2532usually start with the &#8216;A&#8217; coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2533
2534<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l19 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
2535style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>7.<span
2536style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2537style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can introduce single
2538Bragg peaks into the background. For each you should specify at least the
2539position. Select parameters to refine; usually start with the &#8216;<span
2540class=SpellE>int</span>&#8217; coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2541
2542<h4><a name="Instrument_Parameters"><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2543"Times New Roman"'>Instrument Parameters</span></u></a><u><span
2544style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></u></h4>
2545
2546<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2547window shows the instrument parameters for the selected powder data set. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2548
2549<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2550
2551<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
2552style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2553style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2554style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2555style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Operations</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2556
2557<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2558auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l16 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
2559style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2560style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2561style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Reset
2562profile </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>&#8211;
2563resets the values for the instrument parameters to the default values shown in
2564parentheses for each entry.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2565
2566<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2567auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l16 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
2568style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2569style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2570style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Copy</span></b><span
2571style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this copies the
2572instrument parameters shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog
2573box (Copy Parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder
2574patterns, you can copy the instrument parameters to any or all of them; select
2575&#8216;All&#8217; to copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to
2576do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2577
2578<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2579auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l16 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
2580style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2581style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2582style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Change
2583radiation</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2584&#8211; this changes the radiation between single wavelength (e.g. for
2585synchrotron source) and K</span><sub><span style='font-family:Symbol;
2586mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>a</span></sub><sub><span
2587style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>1</span></sub><span
2588style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>/K</span><sub><span
2589style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>a</span></sub><sub><span
2590style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2</span></sub><span
2591style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> wavelength pairs (e.g. a
2592laboratory tube source).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2593
2594<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
2595style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2596style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2597style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change any of the
2598profile coefficients<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2599
2600<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
2601style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2602style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2603style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can choose to refine any
2604profile coefficients. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>NB</b>: In certain
2605circumstances some choices are ignored e.g. Zero is not refined during peak
2606fitting. Also some choices may lead to unstable refinement, e.g. <span
2607class=GramE>Lam</span> refinement and lattice parameter refinement. Examine the
2608&#8216;</span><a href="#Covariance"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Covariance&#8217;</span></a><span
2609style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> display for highly
2610correlated parameters.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2611
2612<h4><a name="Sample_Parameters"></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2613"Times New Roman"'>Sample Parameters<o:p></o:p></span></u></h4>
2614
2615<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2616window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2617
2618<h5><a name="Peak_List"></a><a name="Powder_Peaks"><span style='mso-bookmark:
2619Peak_List'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I
2620do here?<o:p></o:p></span></span></a></h5>
2621
2622<h4><span style='mso-bookmark:Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-bookmark:Peak_List'><span
2623style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></span></span><span
2624style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2625
2626<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2627window shows the list of peaks that will be used by the peak fitting
2628refinement. It is filled by picking peaks in the powder pattern displayed in the
2629GSASII Plots window as a sequence of &#8216;+&#8217; marks. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2630
2631<h5><a name="Index_Peaks"></a><a name="Index_Peak_List"></a><span
2632style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What
2633can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></span></h5>
2634
2635<h4><span style='mso-bookmark:Index_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2636"Times New Roman"'>Index Peak List</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2637"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2638
2639<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2640window shows the list of peaks that will be used for indexing (see </span><a
2641href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
2642Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>).
2643It must be filled before indexing can proceed. When indexing is completed, this
2644display will show the resulting <span class=SpellE>hkl</span> values for every
2645indexed reflection along with the calculated d-spacing (&#8216;d-<span
2646class=SpellE>calc</span>&#8217;) for the selected unit cell in </span><a
2647href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
2648Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2649
2650<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2651
2652<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l21 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
2653style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2654style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2655style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2656style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Operations</b>&#8217; &#8211; <b
2657style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Load/Reload</b> &#8211; loads the peak
2658positions &amp; intensities from the </span><a href="#Peak_List"><span
2659style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></a><span
2660style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> to make them available for
2661the indexing routine. The d-<span class=SpellE>obs</span> is obtained from
2662Bragg&#8217;s Law after applying the Zero correction shown on the </span><a
2663href="#Instrument_Parameters"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Instrument
2664Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2665table to the position shown here.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2666
2667<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l21 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
2668style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2669style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2670style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You may deselect individual
2671peaks from indexing by <span class=SpellE>unchecking</span> the corresponding
2672&#8216;use&#8217; box.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2673
2674<h4><a name="Cell_Indexing_Refine"></a><a name="Unit_Cells_List"></a><span
2675style='mso-bookmark:Cell_Indexing_Refine'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2676"Times New Roman"'>Unit Cells List</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2677"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2678
2679<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2680window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2681
2682<h4><a name="Reflection_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Reflection
2683List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2684
2685<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2686window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2687
2688<h3>Single Crystal Histograms - HKLF</h3>
2689
2690<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Pair Distribution
2691Functions - PDF<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
2692
2693<h4><a name="PDF_Controls"></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>PDF
2694Controls<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2695
2696<p class=MsoNormal>This window </p>
2697
2698<h4><a name="I_Q"></a><span class=GramE><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2699"Times New Roman"'>I(</span></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Q),
2700<a name="S_Q"></a>S(Q), <a name="F_Q"></a>F(Q) &amp; <a name="G_R"></a>G(R)<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
2701
2702<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2703window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2704
2705<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2-D Images &#8211;
2706IMG<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
2707
2708<h4><a name=Images>Image Controls</a></h4>
2709
2710<span style='mso-bookmark:Images'></span>
2711
2712<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2713window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2714
2715<h4><a name="_Image_Masks"></a><a href="#_Image_Masks"><span style='color:#4F81BD;
2716mso-themecolor:accent1;text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Image Ma<span
2717style='mso-bookmark:Image_Masks'></span>sks</span></a><![if !supportNestedAnchors]><a
2718name="Image_Masks"></a><![endif]></h4>
2719
2720<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2721window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
2722
2723<h3>Phase Windows</h3>
2724
2725<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>When
2726a phase is selected from the <a href="#Data_tree">data tree</a>, parameters are
2727shown for that selected phase in a tabbed window. Clicking on each tab raises
2728the windows listed below. Each tab is identified by the underlined phrase in
2729the following:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2730
2731<h4><a name=General></a><a name="_Ref317241833"><span style='mso-bookmark:General'><u>General</u>
2732Phase Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:General'></span></h4>
2733
2734<span style='mso-bookmark:General'></span>
2735
2736<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
2737gives overall parameters describing the phase such as the name, space group,
2738the unit cell parameters and overall parameters for the atom present in the
2739phase. It also has the controls for computing Fourier maps for this phase.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2740
2741<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2742
2743<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2744style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2745style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2746style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
2747style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Compute&#8217;</b> &#8211; The compute menu
2748shows computations that are possible for this phase.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2749
2750<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2751auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2752style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2753style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2754style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Fourier
2755maps</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
2756compute Fourier maps according to the controls set at bottom of General page.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
2757
2758<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2759style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2760style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2761style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The items in the upper part
2762of the General page that can be changed are Phase name, Phase type, Space
2763group, unit cell parameters &amp; refine flag. These are described in turn:<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
2764
2765<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2766auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2767style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
2768style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2769style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Phase
2770name</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211;
2771this is the name assigned to this phase. It should only be changed when the
2772phase is initialized or imported.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
2773
2774<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2775auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2776style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
2777style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2778style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Phase
2779type &#8211; </span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>this
2780can only be set when there are no atoms in the Atoms page for this phase.
2781Select it when the phase is initialized.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
2782
2783<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2784auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2785style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
2786style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2787style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Space
2788group</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2789&#8211; this should be set when the phase is initialized; it can be changed
2790later. Be careful about the impact on Atom site symmetry and multiplicity if
2791you do. GSAS-II will recognize any legal space group symbol using the short
2792Hermann-<span class=SpellE>Mauguin</span> forms; put a space between the axial
2793fields (e.g. &#8216;F d 3 m&#8217; not &#8216;Fd3m&#8217;). For space groups
2794with a choice of origin (e.g. F d 3 m), GSAS-II always uses the 2<sup>nd</sup>
2795setting where the center of inversion is located at the origin. The choice of
2796space group will set the available unit cell parameters.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
2797
2798<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2799auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2800style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
2801style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
2802style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Refine
2803unit cell</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
2804&#8211; set this flag to refine the unit cell parameters in a Rietveld or
2805Pawley refinement. The actual parameters refined are the symmetry allowed terms
2806(A<sub>0</sub>-A<sub>5</sub>) in the expression</span><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2807normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2808"Times New Roman"'><br>
2809</span></i><!--[if gte msEquation 12]><m:oMathPara><m:oMath><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
2810    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2811    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2812    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2813    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2814    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>d</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2815    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2816    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>*2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup><i
2817  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2818  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>=</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
2819    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2820    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2821    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2822    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2823    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2824    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2825    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>0</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
2826    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2827    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2828    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2829    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2830    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>h</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2831    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2832    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup><i
2833  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2834  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
2835    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2836    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2837    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2838    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2839    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2840    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2841    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>1</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
2842    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2843    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2844    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2845    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2846    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>k</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2847    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2848    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup><i
2849  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2850  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
2851    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2852    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2853    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2854    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2855    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2856    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2857    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><m:sSup><m:sSupPr><span
2858    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2859    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2860    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSupPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2861    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2862    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>l</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sup><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2863    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2864    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>2</m:r></span></i></m:sup></m:sSup><i
2865  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2866  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
2867    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2868    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2869    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2870    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2871    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2872    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2873    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>3</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><i
2874  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2875  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>h</m:r><m:r>k</m:r><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
2876    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2877    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2878    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2879    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2880    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2881    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2882    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>4</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><i
2883  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2884  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>h</m:r><m:r>l</m:r><m:r>+</m:r></span></i><m:sSub><m:sSubPr><span
2885    style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-ascii-font-family:"Cambria Math";
2886    mso-hansi-font-family:"Cambria Math";font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:
2887    normal'><m:ctrlPr></m:ctrlPr></span></m:sSubPr><m:e><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2888    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2889    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>A</m:r></span></i></m:e><m:sub><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
2890    normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2891    "Times New Roman"'><m:r>5</m:r></span></i></m:sub></m:sSub><i
2892  style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2893  mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><m:r>kl</m:r></span></i></m:oMath></m:oMathPara><![endif]--><![if !msEquation]><span
2894style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:
2895"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;
2896mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2897 id="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:251.25pt;height:14.25pt'>
2898 <v:imagedata src="gsasII_files/image003.png" o:title="" chromakey="white"/>
2899</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=335 height=19
2900src="gsasII_files/image004.gif" v:shapes="_x0000_i1025"><![endif]></span><![endif]><u><span
2901style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></u></p>
2902
2903<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
2904auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level2 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2905style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
2906style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2907class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
2908"Times New Roman"'>a</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2909style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>, b, c, alpha, beta, gamma</span></b><span
2910style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; lattice parameters;
2911only those permitted by the space group are shown. The volume is computed from
2912the values entered.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
2913
2914<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2915style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2916style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2917style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>If there are entries in the
2918Atoms page then the Elements table is shown next on the General page; you may select
2919the isotope (only relevant for neutron diffraction experiments). The density is
2920computed depending on this choice, the unit cell volume and the atom
2921fractions/site multiplicities in the entries on the Atoms page.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
2922
2923<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo11'><![if !supportLists]><span
2924style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
2925style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
2926style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Fourier map controls are
2927shown at the bottom of the General page. A completed Rietveld or Pawley
2928refinement is required before a Fourier map can be computed. Select the desired
2929type of map, the source of the reflection set and the map resolution desired.<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></p>
2930
2931<h4><a name=Data></a><u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Data
2932</span></u><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>sets<u><o:p></o:p></u></span></h4>
2933
2934<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
2935
2936<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?</span><i
2937style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Cambria Math","serif";
2938mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><br style='mso-special-character:
2939line-break'>
2940<![if !supportLineBreakNewLine]><br style='mso-special-character:line-break'>
2941<![endif]></span></i><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2942
2943<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></h5>
2944
2945<h4><a name=Atoms></a><u>Atom</u> Parameter<u>s</u></h4>
2946
2947<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2948
2949<h4><a name=Texture></a><u>Texture</u> Parameters</h4>
2950
2951<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2952
2953<h4><a name="Draw_Options"></a><u>Draw Options</u></h4>
2954
2955<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2956
2957<h4><a name="Draw_Atoms"></a><u>Draw Atoms<o:p></o:p></u></h4>
2958
2959<p class=MsoNormal>This gives a list of the atoms and bonds that are to be
2960rendered as lines, van <span class=SpellE>der</span> Waals radii balls, sticks,
2961balls &amp; sticks, ellipsoids &amp; sticks or <span class=SpellE>polyhedra</span>.
2962There are two menus for this tab; Edit allows modification of the list of atoms
2963to be rendered and Compute gives some options for geometric characterization of
2964selected atoms.</p>
2965
2966<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
2967
2968<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
2969style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2970style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Atom
2971Selection from table: select individual atoms by a left click of the mouse when
2972pointed at the left most column (atom numbers) of the atom display; hold down
2973the Ctrl key to add to your selection; a previously selected atom will be
2974deselected. A selected atom will be highlighted (in grey) and the atom will be
2975shown in green on the plot. Selection without the Ctrl key will clear previous
2976selections. A double left click in the (empty) upper left box will select or
2977deselect all atoms.</p>
2978
2979<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
2980style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2981style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Atom
2982Selection from plot: select an atom by a left click of the mouse while holding
2983down the Shift key and pointed at the center of the displayed atom, it will
2984turn green if successful and the corresponding entry in the table will be
2985highlighted (in grey); any previous selections will be cleared. To add to .your
2986selection use the right mouse button (Shift down); if a previously selection is
2987reselected it is removed from the selection list. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2988normal'>NB</b>: beware of atoms that are hiding behind the one you are trying
2989to select, they may be selected inadvertently. You can rotate the structure
2990anytime during the selection process.</p>
2991
2992<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
2993style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2994style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Double
2995left click a Name, Type and Sym Op column heading: a dialog box is shown that
2996allows you to select all atoms with that characteristic. For example, selecting
2997the Type column will show all the atom types; your choice will then cause all
2998those atoms to be selected.</p>
2999
3000<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
3001style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
3002style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Double
3003left click a Style, Label or Color column: a dialog box is shown that allows
3004you to select a rendering option for all the atoms. For Color a color choice
3005dialog is displayed that covers the entire color spectrum. Choose a color by
3006any of the means available, press the &#8220;Add to Custom Colors&#8221;,
3007select that color in the Custom colors display and then press OK. <b
3008style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>NB</b>: selecting Color will make all atoms
3009have the same color and for Style &#8220;blank&#8221; means the atoms
3010aren&#8217;t rendered and thus the plot will not show any atoms or bonds!</p>
3011
3012<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
3013style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
3014style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
3015&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit&#8217; - </b>The edit menu
3016shows operations that can be performed on your selected atoms. You must select
3017one or more atoms before using any of the menu items.</p>
3018
3019<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3020auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3021style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3022style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3023style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Atom style</b> &#8211; select the rendering
3024style for the selected atoms</p>
3025
3026<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3027auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3028style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3029style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3030style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Atom label</b> &#8211; select the item to
3031be shown as a label for each atom in selection. The choices are: none, type,
3032name or number.</p>
3033
3034<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3035auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3036style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
3037style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3038style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Atom color</b> &#8211; select the color for
3039the atom; a color choice dialog is displayed that covers the entire color
3040spectrum. Choose a color by any of the means available, press the &#8220;Add to
3041Custom Colors&#8221;, select that color in the Custom colors display and then
3042press OK.</p>
3043
3044<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3045auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3046style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
3047style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3048style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Reset atom colors</b> &#8211; return the
3049atom color back to their defaults for the selected atoms.</p>
3050
3051<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3052auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3053style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
3054style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3055style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>View point</b> &#8211; position the plot
3056view point to the first atom in the selection.</p>
3057
3058<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3059auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3060style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
3061style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3062style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Add atoms</b> &#8211; using the selected
3063atoms, new ones are added to the bottom of the list after applying your choice
3064of symmetry operator and unit cell translation selected via a dialog display.
3065Duplicate atom positions are not retained. Any anisotropic thermal displacement
3066parameters (<span class=SpellE>Uij</span>) will be transformed as appropriate.</p>
3067
3068<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3069auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3070style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
3071style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3072style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Transform atoms</b> &#8211; apply a
3073symmetry operator and unit cell translation to the set of selected atoms; they
3074will be changed in place. Any anisotropic thermal displacement parameters (<span
3075class=SpellE>Uij</span>) will be transformed as appropriate.</p>
3076
3077<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3078auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3079style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>h.<span
3080style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3081style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Fill CN-sphere</b> &#8211; using the atoms
3082currently in the draw atom table, find all atoms that belong in the
3083coordination sphere around the selected atoms via unit cell translations. NB:
3084symmetry operations are not used in this search.</p>
3085
3086<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3087auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3088style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>i.<span
3089style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3090</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Fill unit
3091cell</b> - using the atoms currently selected from the draw atom table, find
3092all atoms that fall inside or on the edge/surface/corners of the unit cell.
3093This operation is frequently performed before Fill CN-sphere.</p>
3094
3095<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3096auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l14 level1 lfo13'><![if !supportLists]><span
3097style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>j.<span
3098style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3099</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete
3100atoms</b> &#8211; clear the entire draw atom table; it is then refilled from
3101the Atoms table. You should do this operation after any changes in the Atoms
3102table, e.g. by a structure refinement.</p>
3103
3104<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
3105style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>6.<span
3106style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
3107&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Compute&#8217;</b> - The compute
3108menu gives a choice of geometric calculations to be performed with the selected
3109atoms. You must select the appropriate number of atoms for these to work and
3110the computation is done for the atoms in selection order.</p>
3111
3112<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3113auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3114style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3115style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3116style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Dist. Ang.</b> <span class=SpellE><b
3117style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Tors</b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
3118normal'>. </b>&#8211; <span class=GramE>when</span> 2-4 atoms are selected, a
3119distance, angle or torsion angle will be found for them. The angles are
3120computed for the atoms in their selection order. The torsion angle is a right
3121hand angle about the A2-A3 vector for the sequence of atoms A1-A2-A3-A4. An
3122estimated standard deviation is given for the calculated value if a current
3123variance-covariance matrix is available. The result is shown on the console
3124window; it may be cut &amp; pasted to another application (e.g. Microsoft
3125Word).</p>
3126
3127<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
3128text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
3129style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3130style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3131style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Best plane</b> &#8211; when 4 or more atoms
3132are selected, a best plane is determined for them. The result is shown on the
3133console window; it may be cut &amp; pasted to another application (e.g.
3134Microsoft Word). Shown are the atom coordinates transformed to Cartesian best
3135plane coordinates where the largest range is over the X-axis and the smallest
3136is over the Z-axis with the origin at the <span class=SpellE>unweighted</span>
3137center of the selection. Root mean square displacements along each axis for the
3138best plane are also listed. The Z-axis RMS value indicates the flatness of the
3139proposed plane. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>NB</b>: if you select
3140(e.g. all) atoms then Best plane will give Cartesian coordinates for these
3141atoms with respect to a coordinate system where the X-axis is along the longest
3142axis of the atom grouping and the Z-axis is along the shortest distance. The
3143origin is at the <span class=SpellE>unweighted</span> center of the selected
3144atoms.</p>
3145
3146<h4><a name=Pawley><u>Pawley </u></a><u>reflections<o:p></o:p></u></h4>
3147
3148<p class=MsoNormal>This gives the list of reflections used in a Pawley
3149refinement and can only be seen if the phase type is &#8216;Pawley&#8217; (see<span
3150style='color:#00B0F0'> </span><a href="#General">General</a>)<span
3151style='color:#00B0F0'>.</span></p>
3152
3153<h5>What can I do here?</h5>
3154
3155<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
3156style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3157style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
3158<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>&#8216;Operations&#8217;</b> &#8211;</p>
3159
3160<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3161auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3162style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3163style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3164style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Pawley create</b> &#8211; this creates a
3165new set of Pawley reflections, over writing any preexisting Pawley set. They
3166are generated with d-<span class=SpellE>spacings</span> larger than the limit
3167set as &#8216;Pawley <span class=SpellE>dmin</span>&#8217; in the General tab
3168for this phase. By default the refine flags are not set and the <span
3169class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Fsq</span></span><span class=GramE>(</span><span
3170class=SpellE>hkl</span>) = 100.0.</p>
3171
3172<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3173auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3174style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3175style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3176style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Pawley estimate</b> &#8211; this attempts
3177an estimate of <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Fsq</span></span><span
3178class=GramE>(</span><span class=SpellE>hkl</span>) from the peak heights of the
3179reflection as seen in the 1<sup>st</sup> powder pattern of those selected in
3180the <a href="#Data">Data</a> tab.</p>
3181
3182<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3183auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l11 level2 lfo16'><![if !supportLists]><span
3184style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
3185style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3186style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Pawley delete </b>&#8211; this clears the
3187set of Pawley reflections.</p>
3188
3189<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
3190style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3191style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>You
3192can change the refine flags either by clicking on the box or by selecting one
3193and then selecting the column (a single click on the column heading). Then type
3194&#8216;y&#8217; to set the refine flags or &#8216;n&#8217; to clear the flags.
3195You should deselect those reflections that fall below the lower limit or above
3196the upper limit of the powder pattern otherwise you may have a singular matrix
3197error in your Pawley refinement.</p>
3198
3199<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo15'><![if !supportLists]><span
3200style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
3201style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>You
3202can change the individual <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>Fsq</span></span><span
3203class=GramE>(</span><span class=SpellE>hkl</span>) values by selecting it,
3204typing in the new value and then pressing enter or selecting somewhere else in
3205the table.</p>
3206
3207<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
3208style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3209
3210<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
3211
3212</span></div>
3213
3214<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
3215style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3216
3217<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
3218
3219</span></div>
3220
3221<h2><a name=Plots><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>3.
3222GSAS-II Plots Window</span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Plots'></span><span
3223style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";font-weight:normal'> </span><span
3224style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
3225
3226<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3227window presents all the graphical material as a multipage tabbed set of plots
3228utilizing the <span class=SpellE>matplotlib</span> python package. Each page
3229has a tool bar (at bottom in Windows) with the controls<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3230
3231<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
3232mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=225 height=31 id="_x0000_i1032"
3233src=graphbar.jpg></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
3234
3235<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>These
3236are Home, Back, Forward, Pan, Zoom, Save and Help, respectively. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3237
3238<ul type=disc>
3239 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3240     mso-list:l2 level1 lfo17;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3241     "Times New Roman"'>Home: returns the plot to the initial scaling <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3242 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3243     mso-list:l2 level1 lfo17;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3244     "Times New Roman"'>Back: returns the plot to the previous scaling <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3245 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3246     mso-list:l2 level1 lfo17;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3247     "Times New Roman"'>Forward: reverses the action in the previous press(es)
3248     of the Back button <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3249 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3250     mso-list:l2 level1 lfo17;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3251     "Times New Roman"'>Pan: allows you to control panning across the plot
3252     (press left mouse button) and zooming (press right mouse button), <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3253 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3254     mso-list:l2 level1 lfo17;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3255     "Times New Roman"'>Zoom: allows you to select a portion of the plot (press
3256     right mouse button &amp; drag for zoom box) for the next plot. <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3257 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3258     mso-list:l2 level1 lfo17;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3259     "Times New Roman"'>Save: allows you to save the currently displayed plot
3260     in one of several graphical formats suitable for printing or insertion in
3261     a document.<o:p></o:p></span></li>
3262 <li class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
3263     mso-list:l2 level1 lfo17;tab-stops:list .5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3264     "Times New Roman"'>Help: accesses GSASII help on the specific plot type. <o:p></o:p></span></li>
3265</ul>
3266
3267<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
3268
3269<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Below
3270the toolbar may be a status bar that on the left may show either an instruction
3271for a keyed input or a pull down selection of keyed input; on the right may be
3272displayed position dependent information that is updated as the mouse is moved over
3273the plot region.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3274
3275<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
3276
3277<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
3278specific types of plots that are pages in the GSASII Plots windows are next.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3279
3280<h4><a name="Powder_Patterns"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Powder
3281Patterns</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
3282
3283<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
3284powder patterns that are part of your project are shown on this page. They can
3285be displayed as a stack of powder patterns, just a single pattern or as a
3286contour image of the peak intensities. What can be done here will depend on
3287which is displayed and on which item in the GSAS-II data tree you have
3288selected.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3289
3290<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3291
3292<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo23'><![if !supportLists]><span
3293style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3294style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3295style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Move the mouse cursor across
3296the plot, the plot status line will show the cursor position in 2</span><span
3297style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Q</span><span
3298style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>, d-spacing and the
3299intensity. For a q-plot, q is shown instead of 2</span><span style='font-family:
3300Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Q</span><span
3301style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3302
3303<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo23'><![if !supportLists]><span
3304style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3305style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>On
3306the plot status line<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> &#8216;key press&#8217;
3307</b>&#8211; you can either press the key on the key board or select from the pull
3308down menu. For line plots:</p>
3309
3310<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3311auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3312style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3313style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3314class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>l</b></span><b
3315style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: offset left</b> &#8211; for a waterfall
3316plot of multiple powder profiles, increase the offset to the left. Does not
3317apply if only one pattern.</p>
3318
3319<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3320auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3321style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3322style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3323class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>r</b></span><b
3324style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: offset right</b> - for a waterfall plot of
3325multiple powder profiles, increase the offset to the left. Does not apply if
3326only one pattern.</p>
3327
3328<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3329auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3330style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
3331style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3332class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>d</b></span><b
3333style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: offset down</b> - for a waterfall plot of
3334multiple powder profiles, increase the offset down. Does not apply if only one
3335pattern.</p>
3336
3337<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3338auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3339style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
3340style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3341class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>u</b></span><b
3342style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: offset up</b> - for a waterfall plot of multiple
3343powder profiles, increase the offset up. Does not apply if only one pattern.</p>
3344
3345<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3346auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3347style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
3348style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3349class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>o</b></span><b
3350style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: reset offset</b> - for a waterfall plot of
3351multiple powder profiles, reset to no offset. Does not apply if only one
3352pattern.</p>
3353
3354<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3355auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3356style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
3357style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3358class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>n</b></span><b
3359style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: log(I) on/off</b> &#8211; changes the
3360y-axis to be the log10 of the intensity; difference curve is not shown for
3361log(I) on.</p>
3362
3363<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3364auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3365style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
3366style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3367class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>c</b></span><b
3368style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: contour on/off</b> &#8211; if multiple
3369powder profiles, then a contour plot is shown of the observed intensities. All data
3370sets must be the same length as the first one to be included in the contour
3371plot.</p>
3372
3373<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3374auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3375style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>h.<span
3376style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3377style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>q: toggle q plot</b> &#8211; changes the
3378x-axis from 2<span style='font-family:Symbol'>Q</span> to q=2<span
3379style='font-family:Symbol'>p</span>/d. This will put multiple powder patterns
3380taken at different energies on the same x-axis scale.</p>
3381
3382<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3383auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3384style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>i.<span
3385style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3386</span></span></span><![endif]><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
3387normal'>s</b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: toggle single plot</b>
3388&#8211; for multiple powder profiles, this will show only the one selected from
3389the data tree. The offset options are not active.</p>
3390
3391<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3392auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3393style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>j.<span
3394style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
3395</span></span></span><![endif]><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
3396normal'>w</b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>: toggle divide by
3397sig</b> &#8211; for the pattern selected from the data tree, this will divide
3398the observed, calculated and difference curves by the <span class=SpellE>esd</span>
3399for the data points. Other data sets are not shown.</p>
3400
3401<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3402auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3403style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>k.<span
3404style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3405style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>+: no selection</b> - for multiple powder
3406profiles, only the observed curve is shown.</p>
3407
3408<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo23'><![if !supportLists]><span
3409style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
3410style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3411style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>For contour plots the status
3412line &#8216;key press&#8217; options are different:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3413
3414<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3415auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3416style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3417style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3418class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3419"Times New Roman"'>d</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
3420style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>: lower contour max</span></b><span
3421style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this lowers the
3422level chosen for the highest contour color.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3423
3424<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3425auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3426style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3427style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3428style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>u:
3429raise contour max</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3430&#8211; this raises the level chosen for the highest contour color<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3431
3432<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3433auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3434style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
3435style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3436class=SpellE><span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
3437style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>i</span></b></span></span><b
3438style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>:
3439interpolation method</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3440&#8211; this changes the method used to represent the contours. If selected a
3441dialog box appears with all the possible choices. Default is &#8216;nearest&#8217;;
3442the other useful choice is &#8216;bilinear&#8217;, this will smooth out the
3443contours. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3444
3445<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3446auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3447style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
3448style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3449class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3450"Times New Roman"'>s</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
3451style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>: color scheme</span></b><span
3452style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this changes the
3453color scheme for the contouring. Default is <span class=GramE>&#8216;Paired&#8217;,</span>
3454black/ white options are &#8216;<span class=SpellE>Greys&#8217;</span> and &#8216;binary&#8217;
3455(for black on white) or &#8216;gray&#8217; (for white on black). Others can be
3456very colorful (but not useful)!<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3457
3458<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3459auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3460style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
3461style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3462class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3463"Times New Roman"'>c</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
3464style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>: contour off/on</span></b><span
3465style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; this turns off
3466contouring and returns to a waterfall plot with any offsets applied.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3467
3468<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo23'><![if !supportLists]><span
3469style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
3470style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3471style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Depending on the item chosen
3472for the selected powder pattern in the data tree, the mouse buttons have
3473different actions:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3474
3475<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
3476auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3477style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
3478style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
3479style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Limits</span></b><span
3480style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> - Modify the values of
3481&#8216;changed&#8217;; this can be done on the plot by dragging the limit bars
3482(left &#8211; vertical green dashed line, right &#8211; vertical red dashed
3483line) into position. A left or right mouse click on a data point on the plot
3484will set the associated limit. In either case the appropriate value on the
3485&#8216;changed&#8217; row will be updated immediately.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3486
3487<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
3488text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo23;tab-stops:list 1.0in'><![if !supportLists]><span
3489style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
3490style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3491style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
3492
3493<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3494"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
3495
3496<h4><a name=Covariance><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Covariance</span></a><span
3497style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
3498
3499<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
3500variance-covariance matrix as a color coded array is shown on this page. The
3501color bar to the right shows the range of <span class=SpellE>covariances</span>
3502(-1 to 1) and corresponding colors. The parameter names are to the right and
3503the parameter numbers are below the plot.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3504
3505<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3506
3507<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
3508style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
3509style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Move
3510the mouse cursor across the plot. If on a diagonal cell, the parameter name,
3511value and <span class=SpellE>esd</span> is shown both as a tool tip and in the
3512right hand portion of the status bar. If the cursor is off the diagonal, the
3513two parameter names and their covariance are shown in the tool tip and the
3514status bar.</p>
3515
3516<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo19'><![if !supportLists]><span
3517style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
3518style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
3519class=GramE>Type &#8216;s&#8217;</span> &#8211; A color scheme selection dialog
3520is shown. Select a color scheme and press <span class=GramE>OK,</span> the new
3521color scheme will be plotted. The default is &#8216;<span class=SpellE>RdYlGn</span>&#8217;.</p>
3522
3523<h4><a name="Structure_Factors"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Structure
3524Factors </span></a></h4>
3525
3526<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3527plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3528
3529<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3530
3531<h4><a name="Powder_Lines"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Powder
3532Lines </span></a></h4>
3533
3534<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3535plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3536
3537<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3538
3539<h4><a name="Peak_Widths"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak
3540Widths </span></a></h4>
3541
3542<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3543plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3544
3545<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3546
3547<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Texture </span></h4>
3548
3549<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3550plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3551
3552<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3553
3554<h4><a name="Sequential_refinement"></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3555"Times New Roman"'>Sequential refinement </span></h4>
3556
3557<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3558plot shows the variation of the selected parameters with respect to the data
3559sequence number.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
3560
3561<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3562
3563<h4><a name="2D_Powder_Image"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2D
3564Powder Image </span></a></h4>
3565
3566<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3567plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3568
3569<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3570
3571<h4><a name="2D_Integration"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>2D
3572Integration </span></a></h4>
3573
3574<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3575plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3576
3577<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3578
3579<h4><a name="2D_Transformed_Powder_Image"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
3580"Times New Roman"'>2D Transformed Powder Image </span></a></h4>
3581
3582<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3583plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3584
3585<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3586
3587<h4><a name=Mustrain><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Mustrain
3588</span></a></h4>
3589
3590<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3591plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3592
3593<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3594
3595<h4><a name=Size><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Size </span></a></h4>
3596
3597<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3598plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3599
3600<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3601
3602<h4><a name="Preferred_orientation"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Preferred
3603Orientation </span></a></h4>
3604
3605<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
3606plot shows... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3607
3608<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
3609
3610<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
3611
3612<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
3613
3614<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
3615style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
3616
3617<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
3618
3619</span></div>
3620
3621<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><!-- hhmts start -->Last
3622modified: Tue Nov 22 13:19:47 CST 2011 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
3623
3624<!-- hhmts end --></div>
3625
3626</body>
3627
3628</html>
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