source: trunk/help/gsasII.html @ 445

Last change on this file since 445 was 445, checked in by toby, 10 years ago

1st stop on help fixes

File size: 88.5 KB
Line 
1<html xmlns:v="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml"
2xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office"
3xmlns:w="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word"
4xmlns:m="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/2004/12/omml"
5xmlns="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40">
6
7<head>
8<meta http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=us-ascii">
9<meta name=ProgId content=Word.Document>
10<meta name=Generator content="Microsoft Word 12">
11<meta name=Originator content="Microsoft Word 12">
12<link rel=File-List href="gsasII_files/filelist.xml">
13<link rel=Edit-Time-Data href="gsasII_files/editdata.mso">
14<!--[if !mso]>
15<style>
16v\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);}
17o\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);}
18w\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);}
19.shape {behavior:url(#default#VML);}
20</style>
21<![endif]-->
22<title>Help for GSAS-II</title>
23<!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
24 <o:DocumentProperties>
25  <o:Author>Von Dreele</o:Author>
26  <o:LastAuthor>Von Dreele</o:LastAuthor>
27  <o:Revision>24</o:Revision>
28  <o:TotalTime>1589</o:TotalTime>
29  <o:Created>2011-11-28T16:49:00Z</o:Created>
30  <o:LastSaved>2011-11-30T16:07:00Z</o:LastSaved>
31  <o:Pages>2</o:Pages>
32  <o:Words>2017</o:Words>
33  <o:Characters>11500</o:Characters>
34  <o:Company>Argonne National Laboratory</o:Company>
35  <o:Lines>95</o:Lines>
36  <o:Paragraphs>26</o:Paragraphs>
37  <o:CharactersWithSpaces>13491</o:CharactersWithSpaces>
38  <o:Version>12.00</o:Version>
39 </o:DocumentProperties>
40</xml><![endif]-->
41<link rel=dataStoreItem href="gsasII_files/item0008.xml"
42target="gsasII_files/props0009.xml">
43<link rel=themeData href="gsasII_files/themedata.thmx">
44<link rel=colorSchemeMapping href="gsasII_files/colorschememapping.xml">
45<!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
46 <w:WordDocument>
47  <w:Zoom>FullPage</w:Zoom>
48  <w:SpellingState>Clean</w:SpellingState>
49  <w:GrammarState>Clean</w:GrammarState>
50  <w:TrackMoves>false</w:TrackMoves>
51  <w:TrackFormatting/>
52  <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/>
53  <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>
54  <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent>
55  <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>
56  <w:DoNotPromoteQF/>
57  <w:LidThemeOther>EN-US</w:LidThemeOther>
58  <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian>
59  <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript>
60  <w:Compatibility>
61   <w:BreakWrappedTables/>
62   <w:SnapToGridInCell/>
63   <w:WrapTextWithPunct/>
64   <w:UseAsianBreakRules/>
65   <w:DontGrowAutofit/>
66   <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark/>
67   <w:DontVertAlignCellWithSp/>
68   <w:DontBreakConstrainedForcedTables/>
69   <w:DontVertAlignInTxbx/>
70   <w:Word11KerningPairs/>
71   <w:CachedColBalance/>
72  </w:Compatibility>
73  <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel>
74  <m:mathPr>
75   <m:mathFont m:val="Cambria Math"/>
76   <m:brkBin m:val="before"/>
77   <m:brkBinSub m:val="&#45;-"/>
78   <m:smallFrac m:val="off"/>
79   <m:dispDef/>
80   <m:lMargin m:val="0"/>
81   <m:rMargin m:val="0"/>
82   <m:defJc m:val="centerGroup"/>
83   <m:wrapIndent m:val="1440"/>
84   <m:intLim m:val="subSup"/>
85   <m:naryLim m:val="undOvr"/>
86  </m:mathPr></w:WordDocument>
87</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
88 <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" DefUnhideWhenUsed="true"
89  DefSemiHidden="true" DefQFormat="false" DefPriority="99"
90  LatentStyleCount="267">
91  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="0" SemiHidden="false"
92   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Normal"/>
93  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="false"
94   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="heading 1"/>
95  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="false"
96   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="heading 2"/>
97  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="false"
98   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="heading 3"/>
99  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 4"/>
100  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 5"/>
101  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 6"/>
102  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 7"/>
103  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 8"/>
104  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 9"/>
105  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 1"/>
106  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 2"/>
107  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 3"/>
108  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 4"/>
109  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 5"/>
110  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 6"/>
111  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 7"/>
112  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 8"/>
113  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 9"/>
114  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="35" QFormat="true" Name="caption"/>
115  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="10" SemiHidden="false"
116   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Title"/>
117  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" Name="Default Paragraph Font"/>
118  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="11" SemiHidden="false"
119   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtitle"/>
120  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="22" SemiHidden="false"
121   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Strong"/>
122  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="20" SemiHidden="false"
123   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Emphasis"/>
124  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="59" SemiHidden="false"
125   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Table Grid"/>
126  <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Placeholder Text"/>
127  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" SemiHidden="false"
128   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="No Spacing"/>
129  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
130   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading"/>
131  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
132   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List"/>
133  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
134   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid"/>
135  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
136   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1"/>
137  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
138   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2"/>
139  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
140   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1"/>
141  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
142   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2"/>
143  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
144   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1"/>
145  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
146   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2"/>
147  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
148   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3"/>
149  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
150   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List"/>
151  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
152   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading"/>
153  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
154   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List"/>
155  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
156   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid"/>
157  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
158   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/>
159  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
160   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 1"/>
161  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
162   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
163  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
164   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
165  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
166   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
167  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
168   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/>
169  <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Revision"/>
170  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="34" SemiHidden="false"
171   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="List Paragraph"/>
172  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" SemiHidden="false"
173   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Quote"/>
174  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" SemiHidden="false"
175   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Quote"/>
176  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
177   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1"/>
178  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
179   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1"/>
180  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
181   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
182  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
183   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1"/>
184  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
185   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
186  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
187   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
188  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
189   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
190  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
191   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
192  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
193   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
194  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
195   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
196  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
197   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
198  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
199   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
200  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
201   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
202  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
203   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
204  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
205   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
206  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
207   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
208  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
209   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
210  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
211   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
212  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
213   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
214  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
215   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
216  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
217   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
218  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
219   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
220  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
221   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
222  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
223   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
224  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
225   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
226  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
227   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
228  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
229   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
230  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
231   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
232  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
233   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
234  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
235   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
236  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
237   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
238  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
239   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
240  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
241   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
242  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
243   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
244  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
245   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
246  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
247   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
248  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
249   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
250  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
251   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
252  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
253   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
254  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
255   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
256  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
257   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
258  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
259   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
260  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
261   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
262  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
263   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
264  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
265   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
266  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
267   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
268  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
269   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
270  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
271   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
272  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
273   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
274  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
275   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
276  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
277   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
278  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
279   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
280  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
281   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
282  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
283   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
284  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
285   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
286  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
287   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
288  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
289   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
290  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
291   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
292  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
293   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
294  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
295   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
296  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
297   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
298  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
299   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
300  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
301   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
302  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
303   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
304  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false"
305   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
306  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false"
307   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
308  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false"
309   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
310  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false"
311   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
312  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false"
313   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
314  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false"
315   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
316  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false"
317   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
318  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false"
319   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
320  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false"
321   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
322  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false"
323   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
324  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false"
325   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
326  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false"
327   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
328  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false"
329   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
330  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false"
331   UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
332  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" SemiHidden="false"
333   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
334  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" SemiHidden="false"
335   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
336  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" SemiHidden="false"
337   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Reference"/>
338  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" SemiHidden="false"
339   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Reference"/>
340  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" SemiHidden="false"
341   UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
342  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" Name="Bibliography"/>
343  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
344 </w:LatentStyles>
345</xml><![endif]-->
346<style>
347<!--
348 /* Font Definitions */
349 @font-face
350        {font-family:"Cambria Math";
351        panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4;
352        mso-font-charset:1;
353        mso-generic-font-family:roman;
354        mso-font-format:other;
355        mso-font-pitch:variable;
356        mso-font-signature:0 0 0 0 0 0;}
357@font-face
358        {font-family:Cambria;
359        panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4;
360        mso-font-charset:0;
361        mso-generic-font-family:roman;
362        mso-font-pitch:variable;
363        mso-font-signature:-536870145 1073743103 0 0 415 0;}
364@font-face
365        {font-family:Tahoma;
366        panose-1:2 11 6 4 3 5 4 4 2 4;
367        mso-font-charset:0;
368        mso-generic-font-family:swiss;
369        mso-font-pitch:variable;
370        mso-font-signature:-520081665 -1073717157 41 0 66047 0;}
371 /* Style Definitions */
372 p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal
373        {mso-style-unhide:no;
374        mso-style-qformat:yes;
375        mso-style-parent:"";
376        margin:0in;
377        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
378        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
379        font-size:12.0pt;
380        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
381        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
382        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
383h1
384        {mso-style-priority:9;
385        mso-style-unhide:no;
386        mso-style-qformat:yes;
387        mso-style-link:"Heading 1 Char";
388        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
389        margin-right:0in;
390        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
391        margin-left:0in;
392        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
393        mso-outline-level:1;
394        font-size:24.0pt;
395        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
396        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
397        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
398        font-weight:bold;}
399h2
400        {mso-style-priority:9;
401        mso-style-unhide:no;
402        mso-style-qformat:yes;
403        mso-style-link:"Heading 2 Char";
404        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
405        margin-right:0in;
406        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
407        margin-left:0in;
408        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
409        mso-outline-level:2;
410        font-size:18.0pt;
411        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
412        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
413        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
414        font-weight:bold;}
415h3
416        {mso-style-priority:9;
417        mso-style-unhide:no;
418        mso-style-qformat:yes;
419        mso-style-link:"Heading 3 Char";
420        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
421        margin-right:0in;
422        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
423        margin-left:0in;
424        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
425        mso-outline-level:3;
426        font-size:13.5pt;
427        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
428        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
429        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
430        font-weight:bold;}
431h4
432        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
433        mso-style-priority:9;
434        mso-style-qformat:yes;
435        mso-style-link:"Heading 4 Char";
436        mso-style-next:Normal;
437        margin-top:10.0pt;
438        margin-right:0in;
439        margin-bottom:0in;
440        margin-left:0in;
441        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
442        mso-pagination:widow-orphan lines-together;
443        page-break-after:avoid;
444        mso-outline-level:4;
445        font-size:13.0pt;
446        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
447        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
448        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
449        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
450        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
451        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
452        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
453        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
454        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
455        color:#4F81BD;
456        mso-themecolor:accent1;
457        font-weight:bold;
458        font-style:italic;}
459a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
460        {mso-style-priority:99;
461        color:blue;
462        text-decoration:underline;
463        text-underline:single;}
464a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
465        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
466        mso-style-priority:99;
467        color:purple;
468        text-decoration:underline;
469        text-underline:single;}
470h5
471        {mso-style-priority:9;
472        mso-style-unhide:no;
473        mso-style-qformat:yes;
474        mso-style-link:"Heading 5 Char";
475        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
476        margin-right:0in;
477        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
478        margin-left:0in;
479        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
480        mso-outline-level:5;
481        font-size:12.0pt;
482        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
483        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
484        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
485        color:#4F4FFF;
486        font-weight:bold;}
487p
488        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
489        mso-style-priority:99;
490        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
491        margin-right:0in;
492        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
493        margin-left:0in;
494        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
495        font-size:12.0pt;
496        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
497        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
498        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
499pre
500        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
501        mso-style-priority:99;
502        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
503        margin:0in;
504        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
505        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
506        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
507        font-size:10.0pt;
508        font-family:"Courier New";
509        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
510p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
511        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
512        mso-style-priority:99;
513        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
514        margin:0in;
515        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
516        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
517        font-size:8.0pt;
518        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
519        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
520        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
521span.MsoPlaceholderText
522        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
523        mso-style-priority:99;
524        mso-style-unhide:no;
525        color:gray;}
526p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
527        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
528        mso-style-priority:34;
529        mso-style-unhide:no;
530        mso-style-qformat:yes;
531        margin-top:0in;
532        margin-right:0in;
533        margin-bottom:0in;
534        margin-left:.5in;
535        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
536        mso-add-space:auto;
537        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
538        font-size:12.0pt;
539        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
540        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
541        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
542p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
543        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
544        mso-style-priority:34;
545        mso-style-unhide:no;
546        mso-style-qformat:yes;
547        mso-style-type:export-only;
548        margin-top:0in;
549        margin-right:0in;
550        margin-bottom:0in;
551        margin-left:.5in;
552        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
553        mso-add-space:auto;
554        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
555        font-size:12.0pt;
556        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
557        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
558        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
559p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
560        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
561        mso-style-priority:34;
562        mso-style-unhide:no;
563        mso-style-qformat:yes;
564        mso-style-type:export-only;
565        margin-top:0in;
566        margin-right:0in;
567        margin-bottom:0in;
568        margin-left:.5in;
569        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
570        mso-add-space:auto;
571        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
572        font-size:12.0pt;
573        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
574        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
575        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
576p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
577        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
578        mso-style-priority:34;
579        mso-style-unhide:no;
580        mso-style-qformat:yes;
581        mso-style-type:export-only;
582        margin-top:0in;
583        margin-right:0in;
584        margin-bottom:0in;
585        margin-left:.5in;
586        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
587        mso-add-space:auto;
588        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
589        font-size:12.0pt;
590        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
591        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
592        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
593span.Heading1Char
594        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
595        mso-style-priority:9;
596        mso-style-unhide:no;
597        mso-style-locked:yes;
598        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
599        mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;
600        mso-bidi-font-size:14.0pt;
601        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
602        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
603        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
604        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
605        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
606        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
607        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
608        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
609        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
610        color:#365F91;
611        mso-themecolor:accent1;
612        mso-themeshade:191;
613        font-weight:bold;}
614span.Heading2Char
615        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
616        mso-style-noshow:yes;
617        mso-style-priority:9;
618        mso-style-unhide:no;
619        mso-style-locked:yes;
620        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
621        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
622        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
623        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
624        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
625        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
626        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
627        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
628        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
629        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
630        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
631        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
632        color:#4F81BD;
633        mso-themecolor:accent1;
634        font-weight:bold;}
635span.Heading3Char
636        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
637        mso-style-noshow:yes;
638        mso-style-priority:9;
639        mso-style-unhide:no;
640        mso-style-locked:yes;
641        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
642        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
643        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
644        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
645        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
646        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
647        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
648        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
649        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
650        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
651        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
652        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
653        color:#4F81BD;
654        mso-themecolor:accent1;
655        font-weight:bold;}
656span.Heading4Char
657        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
658        mso-style-noshow:yes;
659        mso-style-priority:9;
660        mso-style-unhide:no;
661        mso-style-locked:yes;
662        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
663        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
664        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
665        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
666        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
667        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
668        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
669        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
670        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
671        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
672        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
673        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
674        color:#4F81BD;
675        mso-themecolor:accent1;
676        font-weight:bold;
677        font-style:italic;}
678span.HTMLPreformattedChar
679        {mso-style-name:"HTML Preformatted Char";
680        mso-style-noshow:yes;
681        mso-style-priority:99;
682        mso-style-unhide:no;
683        mso-style-locked:yes;
684        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted";
685        font-family:"Courier New";
686        mso-ascii-font-family:"Courier New";
687        mso-hansi-font-family:"Courier New";
688        mso-bidi-font-family:"Courier New";}
689span.BalloonTextChar
690        {mso-style-name:"Balloon Text Char";
691        mso-style-noshow:yes;
692        mso-style-priority:99;
693        mso-style-unhide:no;
694        mso-style-locked:yes;
695        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text";
696        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
697        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
698        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
699        mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
700        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
701        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
702        mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;
703        mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;}
704span.SpellE
705        {mso-style-name:"";
706        mso-spl-e:yes;}
707span.GramE
708        {mso-style-name:"";
709        mso-gram-e:yes;}
710.MsoChpDefault
711        {mso-style-type:export-only;
712        mso-default-props:yes;
713        font-size:10.0pt;
714        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
715        mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;}
716@page WordSection1
717        {size:8.5in 11.0in;
718        margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in;
719        mso-header-margin:.5in;
720        mso-footer-margin:.5in;
721        mso-paper-source:0;}
722div.WordSection1
723        {page:WordSection1;}
724 /* List Definitions */
725 @list l0
726        {mso-list-id:359092647;
727        mso-list-type:hybrid;
728        mso-list-template-ids:1777530928 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
729@list l0:level1
730        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
731        mso-level-number-position:left;
732        text-indent:-.25in;}
733@list l0:level2
734        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
735        mso-level-number-position:left;
736        text-indent:-.25in;}
737@list l0:level3
738        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
739        mso-level-number-position:left;
740        text-indent:-.25in;}
741@list l0:level4
742        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
743        mso-level-number-position:left;
744        text-indent:-.25in;}
745@list l0:level5
746        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
747        mso-level-number-position:left;
748        text-indent:-.25in;}
749@list l0:level6
750        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
751        mso-level-number-position:left;
752        text-indent:-.25in;}
753@list l0:level7
754        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
755        mso-level-number-position:left;
756        text-indent:-.25in;}
757@list l0:level8
758        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
759        mso-level-number-position:left;
760        text-indent:-.25in;}
761@list l0:level9
762        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
763        mso-level-number-position:left;
764        text-indent:-.25in;}
765@list l1
766        {mso-list-id:656106218;
767        mso-list-type:hybrid;
768        mso-list-template-ids:185874704 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
769@list l1:level1
770        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
771        mso-level-number-position:left;
772        text-indent:-.25in;}
773@list l1:level2
774        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
775        mso-level-number-position:left;
776        text-indent:-.25in;}
777@list l1:level3
778        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
779        mso-level-number-position:left;
780        text-indent:-.25in;}
781@list l1:level4
782        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
783        mso-level-number-position:left;
784        text-indent:-.25in;}
785@list l1:level5
786        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
787        mso-level-number-position:left;
788        text-indent:-.25in;}
789@list l1:level6
790        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
791        mso-level-number-position:left;
792        text-indent:-.25in;}
793@list l1:level7
794        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
795        mso-level-number-position:left;
796        text-indent:-.25in;}
797@list l1:level8
798        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
799        mso-level-number-position:left;
800        text-indent:-.25in;}
801@list l1:level9
802        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
803        mso-level-number-position:left;
804        text-indent:-.25in;}
805@list l2
806        {mso-list-id:734669460;
807        mso-list-type:hybrid;
808        mso-list-template-ids:1679557810 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
809@list l2:level1
810        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
811        mso-level-number-position:left;
812        text-indent:-.25in;}
813@list l2:level2
814        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
815        mso-level-number-position:left;
816        text-indent:-.25in;}
817@list l2:level3
818        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
819        mso-level-number-position:left;
820        text-indent:-.25in;}
821@list l2:level4
822        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
823        mso-level-number-position:left;
824        text-indent:-.25in;}
825@list l2:level5
826        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
827        mso-level-number-position:left;
828        text-indent:-.25in;}
829@list l2:level6
830        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
831        mso-level-number-position:left;
832        text-indent:-.25in;}
833@list l2:level7
834        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
835        mso-level-number-position:left;
836        text-indent:-.25in;}
837@list l2:level8
838        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
839        mso-level-number-position:left;
840        text-indent:-.25in;}
841@list l2:level9
842        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
843        mso-level-number-position:left;
844        text-indent:-.25in;}
845@list l3
846        {mso-list-id:1035230400;
847        mso-list-type:hybrid;
848        mso-list-template-ids:-191352120 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
849@list l3:level1
850        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
851        mso-level-number-position:left;
852        text-indent:-.25in;}
853@list l3:level2
854        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
855        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
856        mso-level-number-position:left;
857        text-indent:-.25in;}
858@list l3:level3
859        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
860        mso-level-number-position:left;
861        text-indent:-.25in;}
862@list l3:level4
863        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
864        mso-level-number-position:left;
865        text-indent:-.25in;}
866@list l3:level5
867        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
868        mso-level-number-position:left;
869        text-indent:-.25in;}
870@list l3:level6
871        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
872        mso-level-number-position:left;
873        text-indent:-.25in;}
874@list l3:level7
875        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
876        mso-level-number-position:left;
877        text-indent:-.25in;}
878@list l3:level8
879        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
880        mso-level-number-position:left;
881        text-indent:-.25in;}
882@list l3:level9
883        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
884        mso-level-number-position:left;
885        text-indent:-.25in;}
886@list l4
887        {mso-list-id:1326516832;
888        mso-list-type:hybrid;
889        mso-list-template-ids:1433942448 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
890@list l4:level1
891        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
892        mso-level-number-position:left;
893        text-indent:-.25in;}
894@list l4:level2
895        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
896        mso-level-number-position:left;
897        text-indent:-.25in;}
898@list l4:level3
899        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
900        mso-level-number-position:left;
901        text-indent:-.25in;}
902@list l4:level4
903        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
904        mso-level-number-position:left;
905        text-indent:-.25in;}
906@list l4:level5
907        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
908        mso-level-number-position:left;
909        text-indent:-.25in;}
910@list l4:level6
911        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
912        mso-level-number-position:left;
913        text-indent:-.25in;}
914@list l4:level7
915        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
916        mso-level-number-position:left;
917        text-indent:-.25in;}
918@list l4:level8
919        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
920        mso-level-number-position:left;
921        text-indent:-.25in;}
922@list l4:level9
923        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
924        mso-level-number-position:left;
925        text-indent:-.25in;}
926@list l5
927        {mso-list-id:1602683002;
928        mso-list-type:hybrid;
929        mso-list-template-ids:120980256 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
930@list l5:level1
931        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
932        mso-level-number-position:left;
933        text-indent:-.25in;}
934@list l5:level2
935        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
936        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
937        mso-level-number-position:left;
938        text-indent:-.25in;}
939@list l5:level3
940        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
941        mso-level-number-position:left;
942        text-indent:-.25in;}
943@list l5:level4
944        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
945        mso-level-number-position:left;
946        text-indent:-.25in;}
947@list l5:level5
948        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
949        mso-level-number-position:left;
950        text-indent:-.25in;}
951@list l5:level6
952        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
953        mso-level-number-position:left;
954        text-indent:-.25in;}
955@list l5:level7
956        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
957        mso-level-number-position:left;
958        text-indent:-.25in;}
959@list l5:level8
960        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
961        mso-level-number-position:left;
962        text-indent:-.25in;}
963@list l5:level9
964        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
965        mso-level-number-position:left;
966        text-indent:-.25in;}
967@list l6
968        {mso-list-id:2029942403;
969        mso-list-type:hybrid;
970        mso-list-template-ids:-1051437922 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
971@list l6:level1
972        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
973        mso-level-number-position:left;
974        text-indent:-.25in;}
975@list l6:level2
976        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
977        mso-level-number-position:left;
978        text-indent:-.25in;}
979@list l6:level3
980        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
981        mso-level-number-position:left;
982        text-indent:-.25in;}
983@list l6:level4
984        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
985        mso-level-number-position:left;
986        text-indent:-.25in;}
987@list l6:level5
988        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
989        mso-level-number-position:left;
990        text-indent:-.25in;}
991@list l6:level6
992        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
993        mso-level-number-position:left;
994        text-indent:-.25in;}
995@list l6:level7
996        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
997        mso-level-number-position:left;
998        text-indent:-.25in;}
999@list l6:level8
1000        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
1001        mso-level-number-position:left;
1002        text-indent:-.25in;}
1003@list l6:level9
1004        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
1005        mso-level-number-position:left;
1006        text-indent:-.25in;}
1007ol
1008        {margin-bottom:0in;}
1009ul
1010        {margin-bottom:0in;}
1011-->
1012</style>
1013<!--[if gte mso 10]>
1014<style>
1015 /* Style Definitions */
1016 table.MsoNormalTable
1017        {mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
1018        mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
1019        mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
1020        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1021        mso-style-priority:99;
1022        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1023        mso-style-parent:"";
1024        mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;
1025        mso-para-margin:0in;
1026        mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1027        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1028        font-size:10.0pt;
1029        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";}
1030</style>
1031<![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
1032 <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="6146"/>
1033</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
1034 <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit">
1035  <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/>
1036 </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]-->
1037</head>
1038
1039<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
1040
1041<div class=WordSection1>
1042
1043<h1><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600"
1044 o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f"
1045 stroked="f">
1046 <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/>
1047 <v:formulas>
1048  <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/>
1049  <v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"/>
1050  <v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"/>
1051  <v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"/>
1052  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1053  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1054  <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/>
1055  <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/>
1056  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1057  <v:f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"/>
1058  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1059  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1060 </v:formulas>
1061 <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/>
1062 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
1063</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_2" o:spid="_x0000_s1035" type="#_x0000_t75"
1064 alt="GSAS-II logo" style='position:absolute;margin-left:56pt;margin-top:0;
1065 width:96pt;height:96pt;z-index:1;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square;
1066 mso-wrap-distance-left:0;mso-wrap-distance-top:0;mso-wrap-distance-right:0;
1067 mso-wrap-distance-bottom:0;mso-position-horizontal:right;
1068 mso-position-horizontal-relative:text;mso-position-vertical:absolute;
1069 mso-position-vertical-relative:line' o:allowoverlap="f">
1070 <v:imagedata src="gsas2logo.png"/>
1071 <w:wrap type="square" anchory="line"/>
1072</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=128 height=128 src=gsas2logo.png
1073align=right alt="GSAS-II logo" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_2"><![endif]><span
1074style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Help for GSAS-II<o:p></o:p></span></h1>
1075
1076<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1077is where to find help on various GSAS-II windows and plots.
1078Note that GSAS-II operates with three windows: the main <a href="#Data_tree">
1079GSAS-II data tree</A> window, which provides a hierarchical view of
1080  the current project; the <a href="#Data_Frame">
1081GSAS-II data editing</A> window, which shows the contents of a
1082  particular section of the project, where values can be examined and
1083changed; and the <a href="#Plots">
1084GSAS-II Plots</A> window, which shows graphical representations of the results.
1085  <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1086
1087<P><hr><hr>
1088  <h2><a name="Data_tree"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times
1089  New Roman"'>1. GSAS-II
1090data tree</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
1091
1092<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1093is a hierarchical view of the data items in your GSAS-II project (name.gpx). Clicking
1094on any item in the window opens a view where information in that item can be
1095viewed or edited. For example, the <a href="#Sample_Parameters">&quot;Sample
1096Parameters&quot;</a> item contains information about how data were collected,
1097such as the sample temperature <a href="#Sample_Parameters">(see below)</a>. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1098
1099<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
1100The menus associated with this window provide access to many features
1101of GSAS-II, as outlined below:
1102<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1103style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1104style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1105&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211;</p>
1106
1107<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1108auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1109style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1110style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1111style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Open project&#8230;</b> - Open a previously
1112saved GSAS-II project file (name.gpx). If you currently have a project file
1113open, you are asked if it is OK to over write it; Cancel will cancel the
1114process.</p>
1115
1116<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1117auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1118style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1119style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1120style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Save project</b> &#8211; Save the current
1121project. If a file name is shown after &#8216;Loaded <span class=GramE>Data:&#8217;<span
1122style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>,</span></span><span
1123style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> it will be saved there.
1124Otherwise, you will be prompted for a new name in a file dialog (you may change
1125directory as well). If the file exists, you will be asked if it OK to
1126overwrite.</span></p>
1127
1128<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1129auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1130style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1131style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1132style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Save
1133As&#8230;</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> -
1134Save the current project to a new file. A file dialog will be shown to enter
1135the name (and change directory if desired). If the file exists, you will be
1136asked if it OK to overwrite.</span></p>
1137
1138<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1139auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1140style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1141style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1142style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Close
1143project</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1144&#8211; Close the current project; you will be asked if you want to save it
1145first.</span></p>
1146
1147<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1148auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1149style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1150style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1151style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Exit</span></b><span
1152style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; Exit the GSAS-II
1153program; if there is a current project you will be asked if you want to save it
1154first. Pressing the red X in the upper right (Windows) also exits (no save
1155option) GSAS-II; useful for escaping from GSAS-II if needed.</span></p>
1156
1157<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1158style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1159style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1160&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Data</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1161
1162<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1163auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1164style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1165style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1166style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read powder data&#8230;</b> - Read in
1167powder diffraction patterns (multiple patterns can be selected). GSAS-II can
1168read most of the old GSAS powder format files with the position in <span
1169class=SpellE>centidegrees</span> 2-theta. It can also read &#8220;<span
1170class=SpellE>xye</span>&#8221; format files used by <span class=SpellE>topas</span>
1171where the position is in degrees 2-theta. As each file is read, an old GSAS
1172style &#8220;instrument parameter file&#8221; is searched for; if not found a <span
1173class=SpellE>CuK</span><span style='font-family:Symbol'>a</span> laboratory
1174data set is assumed. </p>
1175
1176<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1177auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1178style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1179style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1180style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read image data&#8230;</b> - </p>
1181
1182<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1183auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1184style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1185style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1186style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read Powder Pattern Peaks&#8230;</b> - </p>
1187
1188<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1189auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1190style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1191style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1192style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read single crystal data&#8230;</b> - </p>
1193
1194<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1195auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1196style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1197style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1198style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sum powder data</b> - </p>
1199
1200<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1201auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1202style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
1203style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1204style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sum image data</b> - </p>
1205
1206<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1207auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1208style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
1209style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1210style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Add phase</b> - </p>
1211
1212<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1213auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1214style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>h.<span
1215style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1216style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete phase</b> - </p>
1217
1218<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1219auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1220style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>i.<span
1221style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
1222</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Rename
1223data</b> - </p>
1224
1225<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1226auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1227style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>j.<span
1228style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
1229</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete
1230data</b> - </p>
1231
1232<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1233style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1234style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1235&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Calculate</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1236
1237<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1238auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1239style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1240style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1241style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Make new PDFs</b> - </p>
1242
1243<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1244auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1245style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1246style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1247style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>View LS <span class=SpellE>parms</span></b>
1248- </p>
1249
1250<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1251auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1252style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1253style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1254style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Refine</b> - </p>
1255
1256<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1257auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1258style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1259style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1260style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sequential refine</b> - </p>
1261
1262<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1263auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1264style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1265style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1266style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Solve</b> - </p>
1267
1268<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1269style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
1270style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1271&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1272
1273<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1274auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1275style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1276style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1277style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import GSAS Exp phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
1278
1279<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1280auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1281style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1282style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1283style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import PDB phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
1284
1285<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1286auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1287style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1288style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1289style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import CIF phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
1290
1291<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1292auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1293style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1294style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1295style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import HKLs&#8230;</b> - </p>
1296
1297<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1298style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
1299style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1300&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export</b>&#8217; &#8211;</p>
1301
1302<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1303auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1304style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1305style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1306style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export Powder Patterns&#8230;</b> - </p>
1307
1308<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1309auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1310style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1311style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1312style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export All Peak Lists&#8230;</b> - </p>
1313
1314<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1315auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1316style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1317style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1318style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export HKLs&#8230;</b> - </p>
1319
1320<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1321auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1322style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1323style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1324style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export PDF&#8230;</b> - </p>
1325
1326<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1327auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1328style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1329style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1330style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export Phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
1331
1332<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
1333text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1334style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
1335style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1336style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export CIF&#8230;</b> - </p>
1337
1338<P><hr><hr>
1339<h2><a name="Data_Frame"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times
1340New Roman"'>2. GSAS-II
1341Data Editing Window</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
1342Different information is displayed in the Data Editing Window,
1343depending on which section of the <a href="#Data_tree">data tree</A>
1344is selected. For example, clicking on the "Notebook" entry of the tree
1345brings up the Notebook editing window described below.
1346
1347<h4><a name=Notebook><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Notebook</span></a><span
1348style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1349
1350<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1351window provides a place for you to enter whatever text commentary you wish.
1352Each time you enter this window, a date/time entry is provided for you. A
1353possibly useful technique is to select a portion of the console window after a
1354refinement completes (it will contain refinement results with residuals, new
1355values &amp; <span class=SpellE>esds</span>) and paste it into this Notebook
1356window so it becomes a part of your project file.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1357
1358<h4><a name=Controls><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Controls</span></a><span
1359style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1360
1361<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1362window provides the main controls for the major calculations in GSAS-II. At
1363present only Refinement Controls are presented.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1364
1365<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
1366main refinement tools are the <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>fortran</span></span>
1367MINPACK <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span>
1368algorithms wrapped in python as provided in the <span class=SpellE>Scipy</span>
1369package. Their purpose is to </span>minimize the sum of the squares of M<span
1370style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> nonlinear functions in N
1371variables by a modification of the <span class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt
1372algorithm as written by </span>Burton S. <span class=SpellE>Garbow</span>,
1373Kenneth E. <span class=SpellE>Hillstrom</span>, <span class=GramE>Jorge</span>
1374J. <span class=GramE>More (Argonne National Laboratory, 1980).</span></p>
1375
1376<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
1377
1378<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
1379style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1380style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1381style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select whether the refinement
1382uses &#8216;analytic&#8217; or &#8216;numeric&#8217; derivatives. The latter is
1383slower and perhaps a bit less accurate, but may be needed if the analytic
1384functions are not fully developed. Generally use &#8216;analytic&#8217; for
1385routine work.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1386
1387<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
1388style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1389style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1390style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select &#8216;Min
1391delta-M/M&#8217; for convergence; the refinement will stop when the change in
1392the minimization function is less than this value. Set Min delta-M/M = 1.0 to
1393force just a single cycle to be performed. A value less than 10<sup>-4</sup>
1394(the default) generally gives no better result. The allowed range is 10<sup>-9</sup>
1395to 1.0.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1396
1397<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
1398style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1399style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1400style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select &#8216;Initial shift
1401factor&#8217; for the first cycle of refinement. This value is modified by the
1402least squares routine. The allowed range is 10<sup>-5</sup> to 100. Smaller
1403values may be needed if your initial <span class=GramE>refinement</span> trials
1404immediately diverge, however make sure your starting parameter values are
1405&#8216;reasonable&#8217;. The selected default (=1.0) normally gives good
1406performance.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1407
1408<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
1409style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
1410style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1411style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select data for sequential
1412refinement; the data sets may be done in &#8216;reverse order&#8217;. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1413
1414<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Covariance<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1415
1416<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1417window is blank; the GSASII Plots window &#8216;<a href="#Covariance">Covariance&#8217;</a>
1418shows a graphical representation of the variance-covariance matrix <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1419
1420<h4><a name=Constraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Constraints<o:p></o:p></span></a></h4>
1421
1422<span style='mso-bookmark:Constraints'></span>
1423
1424<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1425window shows the constraints to be used in a refinement. It is organized into
1426three tabbed pages. &#8216;Phase constraints&#8217; contain those involving
1427parameters that describe aspects of the crystalline phases to be used in the
1428refinement (e.g. atom coordinates, thermal motion and site fraction
1429parameters). &#8216;Histogram/Phase constraints&#8217; are those which describe
1430aspects of the pattern that depend on both the phase and the data set used in
1431the refinement (e.g. </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:
1432"Times New Roman"'>m</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>strain
1433and crystallite size parameters). &#8216;Histogram constraints&#8217; are those
1434that depend only on the data set (e.g. profile coefficients U<span class=GramE>,V,W,X</span>
1435and Y).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1436
1437<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
1438
1439<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1440style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1441style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1442style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select the tab for the parameter
1443types you wish to constrain. Each will have the same possibilities in the
1444&#8216;Edit menu.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1445
1446<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1447style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1448style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1449style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
1450style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1451
1452<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1453auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1454style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1455style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1456class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
1457"Times New Roman"'>Add</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1458style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> Hold</span></b><span
1459style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; select a parameter
1460that you wish to remain fixed although other parameters of the same type may be
1461selected as a group for refinement. For example, if the space group for a phase
1462has a polar axis (e.g. the b-axis in P2<sub>1</sub>), then one atom y-parameter
1463is arbitrary and should be selected for a Hold to keep the structure from
1464drifting up or down the y-axis during refinement. If selected, a dialog box
1465will appear showing the list of available parameters; select one and then OK to
1466implement it, Cancel will cancel the operation. The held parameter will be
1467shown in the constraint window with the keyword &#8216;FIXED&#8217;. A Delete
1468button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1469
1470<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1471auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1472style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1473style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1474style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
1475equivalence</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1476&#8211; select a list of parameters that should have the same value (possibly
1477with a non-unitary multiplier for some). Examples are a list of atoms with the
1478same thermal motion <span class=SpellE>Uiso</span>, sets of profile
1479coefficients U<span class=GramE>,V,W</span> across multiple data sets. If
1480selected, a dialog box will appear with a list of the available parameters.
1481Select one and press OK; a second dialog box will appear with only those
1482parameters that can be made equivalent to the first one. Choose those and press
1483OK. Cancel in either dialog will cancel the operation. The equivalenced
1484parameters will show as an equation of the form M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>=0;
1485usually M1=1.0 and M2=-1.0, but can be changed via the &#8216;Edit&#8217;
1486button. The keyword &#8216;EQUIV&#8217; marks it as <span class=GramE>an
1487equivalence</span>. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1488
1489<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1490auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1491style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1492style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1493style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
1494constraint</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1495&#8211; select a list of parameters whose sum (with possible non-unitary
1496multipliers) is fixed. For example, the sum of site fractions for atoms on the
1497same site could be fixed to unity. If selected, a dialog box will appear with a
1498list of the available parameters. Select one and press OK; a second dialog box
1499will appear with only those parameters that can be used in a constraint with
1500the first one. Choose those and press OK. Cancel in either dialog will cancel
1501the operation. The equivalenced parameters will show as an equation of the form
1502M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>+&#8230;=C; the
1503multipliers M1, <span class=GramE>M2, &#8230;</span> and C can be changed via
1504the &#8216;Edit&#8217; button. The keyword &#8216;CONSTR&#8217; marks it as a
1505constraint. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1506
1507<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
1508text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1509style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1510style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1511style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
1512function</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1513&#8211; this is very similar the &#8220;Add constraint&#8221; type except that
1514the result of the sum can be varied in the refinement. The keyword
1515&#8216;FUNCT&#8217; marks it as a function; the &#8216;Refine?&#8217; box
1516indicates your choice to refine the result of the sum. A Delete button can be
1517used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1518
1519<h4><a name=Restraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Restraints</span></a><span
1520style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1521
1522<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1523window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1524
1525<h4><a name=Limits><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Limits</span></a><span
1526style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1527
1528<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1529window shows the limits in position to be used in any fitting for this powder
1530pattern. The &#8216;original&#8217; values are obtained from the minimum &amp;
1531maximum values in the powder pattern. You can modify &#8216;changed&#8217; as
1532needed.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1533
1534<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
1535
1536<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
1537style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1538style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1539style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
1540style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; <b
1541style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Copy</b> - this copies the limits shown to
1542other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy Limits) will appear
1543showing the list of available powder patterns, you can copy the limits to any
1544or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217; to copy them to all patterns. Then
1545select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the
1546operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1547
1548<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
1549style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1550style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1551style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change <span
1552class=SpellE>Tmin</span> and <span class=SpellE>Tmax</span> in the
1553&#8216;changed&#8217; row as needed. Use the mouse to select the value to be
1554changed (the background on the box will be blue or have a black border or a
1555vertical bar will appear in the value), then enter the new value and press
1556Enter or click the mouse elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the
1557new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1558
1559
1560<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Texture Control
1561Window<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1562
1563<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1564window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1565
1566<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Image Masks<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1567
1568<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1569window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1570
1571<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Atoms Control
1572Window<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1573
1574<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1575window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1576
1577<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Diffraction Data
1578Control Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1579
1580<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1581window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1582
1583<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Draw Atoms Control
1584Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1585
1586<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1587window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1588
1589<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Pawley Control
1590Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1591
1592<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1593window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1594
1595<h3><a name=Images><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Images
1596Control<o:p></o:p></span></a></h3>
1597
1598<span style='mso-bookmark:Images'></span>
1599
1600<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1601window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1602
1603<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>PDF Controls
1604Control Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1605
1606<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1607window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1608
1609<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
1610
1611<H3>Phase Windows</H3>
1612When a phase is selected from the <a href="#Data_tree">data tree</A>,
1613parameters are show from that selected phase in a tabbed
1614window. Clicking on the tab raises the windows listed below.
1615<blockquote>
1616<A name="General"><H4><U>General</U> Phase Parameters</H4></A>
1617This is used for overall parameters describing the phase such as the
1618space group, the unit cell parameters and overall parameters for
1619the atom present in the phase.
1620<A name="Data"><H4>Sample <U>Data</U></H4></A>
1621<A name="Texture"><H4><U>Texture</U> Parameters</H4></A>
1622<A name="Atoms"><H4><U>Atom</U> Parameter<U>s</U></H4></A>
1623<A name="Draw_Options"><H4><U>Draw Options</U></H4></A>
1624<A name="Draw_Atoms"><H4><U>Draw Atoms</U></H4></A>
1625
1626</blockquote>
1627
1628<H3>Powder Histogram Windows</H3>
1629When a powder diffraction data set (histogram) is selected from the
1630<a href="#Data_tree">data tree</A>, a variety of subcategories in the
1631tree are shown. The items that are shown depend on the data set type.
1632Selecting a subcategory raises the window listed below.
1633<blockquote>
1634<A name=""><H4><U></U></H4></A>
1635<A name="Comments"><H4><U>Comments</U></H4></A>
1636
1637<h4><a name=Background><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Background</span></a><span
1638style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1639
1640<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1641window shows the choice of background function and coefficients to be used in
1642fitting this powder pattern.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1643
1644<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
1645
1646<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1647style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1648style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1649style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
1650style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; <b
1651style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Copy</b> &#8211; this copies the background
1652parameters shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy
1653Parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder patterns, you can
1654copy the background parameters to any or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217;
1655to copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy;
1656&#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1657
1658<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1659style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1660style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1661style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can select a different
1662Background function from the pull down tab.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1663
1664<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1665style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1666style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1667style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can choose to refine/not
1668refine the background coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1669
1670<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1671style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
1672style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1673style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can select the number of
1674background coefficients to be used (1-36).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1675
1676<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1677style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
1678style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1679style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change individual
1680background coefficient values. Enter the value then press Enter or click the
1681mouse elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1682
1683<h4><a name="Instrument_Parameters"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Instrument
1684Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1685
1686<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1687window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1688
1689<h4><a name="Sample_Parameters"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Sample
1690Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1691
1692<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1693window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1694
1695<h4><a name="Powder_Peaks"></a><a name="Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:
1696Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></span></a><span
1697style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1698
1699<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1700window shows the list of peaks that will be used by the peak fitting refinement.
1701It is filled by picking peaks in the powder pattern displayed in the GSASII
1702Plots window as a sequence of &#8216;+&#8217; marks. See <a
1703href="#Powder_Patterns">Powder Patterns</a> below for details for what can be
1704done on this plot.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1705
1706<h4><a name="Index_Peaks"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Index
1707Peak List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1708
1709<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1710window shows the list of peaks that will be used for indexing (see </span><a
1711href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
1712Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>).
1713It must be filled before indexing can proceed. When indexing is completed, this
1714display will show the resulting <span class=SpellE>hkl</span> values for every
1715indexed reflection along with the calculated d-spacing (&#8216;d-<span
1716class=SpellE>calc</span>&#8217;) for the selected unit cell in </span><a
1717href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
1718Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1719
1720<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
1721
1722<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
1723style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1724style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1725style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
1726style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Operations</b>&#8217; &#8211; <b
1727style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Load/Reload</b> &#8211; loads the peak
1728positions &amp; intensities from the </span><a href="#Peak_List"><span
1729style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></a><span
1730style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> to make them available for
1731the indexing routine. The d-<span class=SpellE>obs</span> is obtained from
1732Bragg&#8217;s Law after applying the Zero correction shown on the </span><a
1733href="#Instrument_Parameters"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Instrument
1734Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1735table to the position shown here.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1736
1737<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
1738style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1739style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1740style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You may deselect individual
1741peaks from indexing by <span class=SpellE>unchecking</span> the corresponding
1742&#8216;use&#8217; box.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1743
1744<h4><a name="Cell_Indexing_Refine"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
1745Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1746
1747<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1748window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1749
1750<h4><a name="Reflection_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Reflection
1751List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1752
1753<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1754window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1755
1756</blockquote>
1757
1758<P><hr><hr>
1759<h2><a name=Plots><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New
1760Roman"'>3. GSAS-II
1761Plots Window</span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Plots'></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
1762"Times New Roman";font-weight:normal'> </span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
1763"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
1764
1765<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1766window presents all the graphical material as a multipage tabbed set of plots
1767utilizing the <span class=SpellE>matplotlib</span> python package. Each page
1768has a tool bar (at bottom in Windows) with the controls<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1769
1770<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1771mso-no-proof:yes'><img border=0 width=225 height=31
1772src="graphbar.jpg" align="middle"></span><span
1773style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1774
1775<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>These
1776are Home, Back, Forward, Pan, Zoom, Save and Help, respectively. The Pan option
1777allows you to control panning across the plot (press left mouse button) and
1778zooming (press right mouse button), the Zoom option allows you to select a
1779portion of the plot (press right mouse button &amp; drag for zoom box) for the
1780next plot. The Save allows you to save the currently displayed plot in one of
1781several graphical formats suitable for printing or insertion in a document. The
1782Help icon is for access to this GSASII help.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1783
1784<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Below
1785the toolbar may be a status bar that on the left may show either an instruction
1786for a keyed input or a pull down selection of keyed input; on the right may be
1787displayed position dependent information that is updated as the mouse is moved
1788over the plot region.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1789
1790<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
1791
1792<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
1793specific types of plots that are pages in the GSASII Plots windows are next.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1794
1795<h4><a name="Powder_Patterns"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Powder
1796Patterns</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1797
1798<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
1799powder patterns that are part of your project are shown on this page. They can
1800be displayed as a stack of powder patterns, just a single pattern or as a
1801contour image of the peak intensities. What can be done here will depend on
1802which is displayed and on which item in the GSAS-II data tree you have
1803selected.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1804
1805<h4><a name=Covariance><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Covariance</span></a><span
1806style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1807
1808<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
1809variance-covariance matrix as a color coded array is shown on this page. The
1810color bar to the right shows the range of <span class=SpellE>covariances</span>
1811(-1 to 1) and corresponding colors. The parameter names are to the right and
1812the parameter numbers are below the plot.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1813
1814<h5><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h5>
1815
1816<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
1817style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1818style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Move
1819the mouse cursor across the plot. If on a diagonal cell, the parameter name,
1820value and <span class=SpellE>esd</span> is shown both as a tool tip and in the
1821right hand portion of the status bar. If the cursor is off the diagonal, the
1822two parameter names and their covariance are shown in the tool tip and the
1823status bar.</p>
1824
1825<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
1826style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1827style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1828class=GramE>Type &#8216;s&#8217;</span> &#8211; A color scheme selection dialog
1829is shown. Select a color scheme and press <span class=GramE>OK,</span> the new
1830color scheme will be plotted. The default is &#8216;<span class=SpellE>RdYlGn</span>&#8217;.</p>
1831
1832<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
1833
1834<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
1835
1836<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
1837style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1838
1839<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
1840
1841</span></div>
1842
1843<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><!-- hhmts start -->Last
1844modified: Tue Nov 22 13:19:47 CST 2011 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1845
1846<!-- hhmts end --></div>
1847
1848</body>
1849
1850</html>
Note: See TracBrowser for help on using the repository browser.