source: trunk/help/gsasII.html @ 430

Last change on this file since 430 was 430, checked in by vondreele, 10 years ago

NB: There are a few stray print statements in this version
Some work on help stuff in GSASIIgrid.py
change default sum for constraints to 1.0
get data plots to include size & preferred orientation
modify plot toolbar - eliminate subplot button & add a Help button; doesn't do anything except recognize what plot it is from
Edited gsasII.html with Word - probably messed up all the bookmarks - but added a lot of text

File size: 86.3 KB
Line 
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25  <o:Author>Von Dreele</o:Author>
26  <o:LastAuthor>Von Dreele</o:LastAuthor>
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377        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
378        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
379        font-size:12.0pt;
380        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
381        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
382        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
383h1
384        {mso-style-priority:9;
385        mso-style-unhide:no;
386        mso-style-qformat:yes;
387        mso-style-link:"Heading 1 Char";
388        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
389        margin-right:0in;
390        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
391        margin-left:0in;
392        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
393        mso-outline-level:1;
394        font-size:24.0pt;
395        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
396        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
397        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
398        font-weight:bold;}
399h2
400        {mso-style-priority:9;
401        mso-style-unhide:no;
402        mso-style-qformat:yes;
403        mso-style-link:"Heading 2 Char";
404        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
405        margin-right:0in;
406        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
407        margin-left:0in;
408        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
409        mso-outline-level:2;
410        font-size:18.0pt;
411        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
412        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
413        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
414        font-weight:bold;}
415h3
416        {mso-style-priority:9;
417        mso-style-unhide:no;
418        mso-style-qformat:yes;
419        mso-style-link:"Heading 3 Char";
420        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
421        margin-right:0in;
422        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
423        margin-left:0in;
424        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
425        mso-outline-level:3;
426        font-size:13.5pt;
427        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
428        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
429        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
430        font-weight:bold;}
431h4
432        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
433        mso-style-priority:9;
434        mso-style-qformat:yes;
435        mso-style-link:"Heading 4 Char";
436        mso-style-next:Normal;
437        margin-top:10.0pt;
438        margin-right:0in;
439        margin-bottom:0in;
440        margin-left:0in;
441        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
442        mso-pagination:widow-orphan lines-together;
443        page-break-after:avoid;
444        mso-outline-level:4;
445        font-size:12.0pt;
446        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
447        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
448        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
449        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
450        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
451        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
452        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
453        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
454        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
455        color:#4F81BD;
456        mso-themecolor:accent1;
457        font-weight:bold;
458        font-style:italic;}
459a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
460        {mso-style-priority:99;
461        color:blue;
462        text-decoration:underline;
463        text-underline:single;}
464a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
465        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
466        mso-style-priority:99;
467        color:purple;
468        text-decoration:underline;
469        text-underline:single;}
470p
471        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
472        mso-style-priority:99;
473        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
474        margin-right:0in;
475        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
476        margin-left:0in;
477        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
478        font-size:12.0pt;
479        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
480        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
481        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
482pre
483        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
484        mso-style-priority:99;
485        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
486        margin:0in;
487        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
488        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
489        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
490        font-size:10.0pt;
491        font-family:"Courier New";
492        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
493p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
494        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
495        mso-style-priority:99;
496        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
497        margin:0in;
498        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
499        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
500        font-size:8.0pt;
501        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
502        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
503        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
504span.MsoPlaceholderText
505        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
506        mso-style-priority:99;
507        mso-style-unhide:no;
508        color:gray;}
509p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
510        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
511        mso-style-priority:34;
512        mso-style-unhide:no;
513        mso-style-qformat:yes;
514        margin-top:0in;
515        margin-right:0in;
516        margin-bottom:0in;
517        margin-left:.5in;
518        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
519        mso-add-space:auto;
520        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
521        font-size:12.0pt;
522        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
523        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
524        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
525p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
526        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
527        mso-style-priority:34;
528        mso-style-unhide:no;
529        mso-style-qformat:yes;
530        mso-style-type:export-only;
531        margin-top:0in;
532        margin-right:0in;
533        margin-bottom:0in;
534        margin-left:.5in;
535        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
536        mso-add-space:auto;
537        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
538        font-size:12.0pt;
539        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
540        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
541        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
542p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
543        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
544        mso-style-priority:34;
545        mso-style-unhide:no;
546        mso-style-qformat:yes;
547        mso-style-type:export-only;
548        margin-top:0in;
549        margin-right:0in;
550        margin-bottom:0in;
551        margin-left:.5in;
552        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
553        mso-add-space:auto;
554        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
555        font-size:12.0pt;
556        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
557        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
558        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
559p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
560        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
561        mso-style-priority:34;
562        mso-style-unhide:no;
563        mso-style-qformat:yes;
564        mso-style-type:export-only;
565        margin-top:0in;
566        margin-right:0in;
567        margin-bottom:0in;
568        margin-left:.5in;
569        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
570        mso-add-space:auto;
571        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
572        font-size:12.0pt;
573        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
574        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
575        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
576span.Heading1Char
577        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
578        mso-style-priority:9;
579        mso-style-unhide:no;
580        mso-style-locked:yes;
581        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
582        mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;
583        mso-bidi-font-size:14.0pt;
584        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
585        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
586        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
587        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
588        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
589        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
590        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
591        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
592        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
593        color:#365F91;
594        mso-themecolor:accent1;
595        mso-themeshade:191;
596        font-weight:bold;}
597span.Heading2Char
598        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
599        mso-style-noshow:yes;
600        mso-style-priority:9;
601        mso-style-unhide:no;
602        mso-style-locked:yes;
603        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
604        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
605        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
606        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
607        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
608        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
609        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
610        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
611        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
612        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
613        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
614        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
615        color:#4F81BD;
616        mso-themecolor:accent1;
617        font-weight:bold;}
618span.Heading3Char
619        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
620        mso-style-noshow:yes;
621        mso-style-priority:9;
622        mso-style-unhide:no;
623        mso-style-locked:yes;
624        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
625        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
626        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
627        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
628        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
629        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
630        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
631        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
632        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
633        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
634        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
635        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
636        color:#4F81BD;
637        mso-themecolor:accent1;
638        font-weight:bold;}
639span.Heading4Char
640        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
641        mso-style-noshow:yes;
642        mso-style-priority:9;
643        mso-style-unhide:no;
644        mso-style-locked:yes;
645        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
646        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
647        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
648        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
649        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
650        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
651        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
652        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
653        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
654        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
655        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
656        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
657        color:#4F81BD;
658        mso-themecolor:accent1;
659        font-weight:bold;
660        font-style:italic;}
661span.HTMLPreformattedChar
662        {mso-style-name:"HTML Preformatted Char";
663        mso-style-noshow:yes;
664        mso-style-priority:99;
665        mso-style-unhide:no;
666        mso-style-locked:yes;
667        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted";
668        font-family:"Courier New";
669        mso-ascii-font-family:"Courier New";
670        mso-hansi-font-family:"Courier New";
671        mso-bidi-font-family:"Courier New";}
672span.BalloonTextChar
673        {mso-style-name:"Balloon Text Char";
674        mso-style-noshow:yes;
675        mso-style-priority:99;
676        mso-style-unhide:no;
677        mso-style-locked:yes;
678        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text";
679        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
680        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
681        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
682        mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
683        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
684        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
685        mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;
686        mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;}
687span.SpellE
688        {mso-style-name:"";
689        mso-spl-e:yes;}
690span.GramE
691        {mso-style-name:"";
692        mso-gram-e:yes;}
693.MsoChpDefault
694        {mso-style-type:export-only;
695        mso-default-props:yes;
696        font-size:10.0pt;
697        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
698        mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;}
699@page WordSection1
700        {size:8.5in 11.0in;
701        margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in;
702        mso-header-margin:.5in;
703        mso-footer-margin:.5in;
704        mso-paper-source:0;}
705div.WordSection1
706        {page:WordSection1;}
707 /* List Definitions */
708 @list l0
709        {mso-list-id:359092647;
710        mso-list-type:hybrid;
711        mso-list-template-ids:1777530928 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
712@list l0:level1
713        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
714        mso-level-number-position:left;
715        text-indent:-.25in;}
716@list l0:level2
717        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
718        mso-level-number-position:left;
719        text-indent:-.25in;}
720@list l0:level3
721        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
722        mso-level-number-position:left;
723        text-indent:-.25in;}
724@list l0:level4
725        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
726        mso-level-number-position:left;
727        text-indent:-.25in;}
728@list l0:level5
729        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
730        mso-level-number-position:left;
731        text-indent:-.25in;}
732@list l0:level6
733        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
734        mso-level-number-position:left;
735        text-indent:-.25in;}
736@list l0:level7
737        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
738        mso-level-number-position:left;
739        text-indent:-.25in;}
740@list l0:level8
741        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
742        mso-level-number-position:left;
743        text-indent:-.25in;}
744@list l0:level9
745        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
746        mso-level-number-position:left;
747        text-indent:-.25in;}
748@list l1
749        {mso-list-id:656106218;
750        mso-list-type:hybrid;
751        mso-list-template-ids:185874704 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
752@list l1:level1
753        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
754        mso-level-number-position:left;
755        text-indent:-.25in;}
756@list l1:level2
757        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
758        mso-level-number-position:left;
759        text-indent:-.25in;}
760@list l1:level3
761        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
762        mso-level-number-position:left;
763        text-indent:-.25in;}
764@list l1:level4
765        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
766        mso-level-number-position:left;
767        text-indent:-.25in;}
768@list l1:level5
769        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
770        mso-level-number-position:left;
771        text-indent:-.25in;}
772@list l1:level6
773        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
774        mso-level-number-position:left;
775        text-indent:-.25in;}
776@list l1:level7
777        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
778        mso-level-number-position:left;
779        text-indent:-.25in;}
780@list l1:level8
781        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
782        mso-level-number-position:left;
783        text-indent:-.25in;}
784@list l1:level9
785        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
786        mso-level-number-position:left;
787        text-indent:-.25in;}
788@list l2
789        {mso-list-id:734669460;
790        mso-list-type:hybrid;
791        mso-list-template-ids:1679557810 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
792@list l2:level1
793        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
794        mso-level-number-position:left;
795        text-indent:-.25in;}
796@list l2:level2
797        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.0in;
798        mso-level-number-position:left;
799        text-indent:-.25in;}
800@list l2:level3
801        {mso-level-tab-stop:1.5in;
802        mso-level-number-position:left;
803        text-indent:-.25in;}
804@list l2:level4
805        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.0in;
806        mso-level-number-position:left;
807        text-indent:-.25in;}
808@list l2:level5
809        {mso-level-tab-stop:2.5in;
810        mso-level-number-position:left;
811        text-indent:-.25in;}
812@list l2:level6
813        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.0in;
814        mso-level-number-position:left;
815        text-indent:-.25in;}
816@list l2:level7
817        {mso-level-tab-stop:3.5in;
818        mso-level-number-position:left;
819        text-indent:-.25in;}
820@list l2:level8
821        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.0in;
822        mso-level-number-position:left;
823        text-indent:-.25in;}
824@list l2:level9
825        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
826        mso-level-number-position:left;
827        text-indent:-.25in;}
828@list l3
829        {mso-list-id:1035230400;
830        mso-list-type:hybrid;
831        mso-list-template-ids:-191352120 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
832@list l3:level1
833        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
834        mso-level-number-position:left;
835        text-indent:-.25in;}
836@list l3:level2
837        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
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933        text-indent:-.25in;}
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941        text-indent:-.25in;}
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944        mso-level-number-position:left;
945        text-indent:-.25in;}
946@list l5:level9
947        {mso-level-tab-stop:4.5in;
948        mso-level-number-position:left;
949        text-indent:-.25in;}
950@list l6
951        {mso-list-id:2029942403;
952        mso-list-type:hybrid;
953        mso-list-template-ids:-1051437922 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
954@list l6:level1
955        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
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957        text-indent:-.25in;}
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973        text-indent:-.25in;}
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977        text-indent:-.25in;}
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981        text-indent:-.25in;}
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990ol
991        {margin-bottom:0in;}
992ul
993        {margin-bottom:0in;}
994-->
995</style>
996<!--[if gte mso 10]>
997<style>
998 /* Style Definitions */
999 table.MsoNormalTable
1000        {mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
1001        mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
1002        mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
1003        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1004        mso-style-priority:99;
1005        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1006        mso-style-parent:"";
1007        mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;
1008        mso-para-margin:0in;
1009        mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1010        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1011        font-size:10.0pt;
1012        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";}
1013</style>
1014<![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
1015 <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="6146"/>
1016</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
1017 <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit">
1018  <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/>
1019 </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]-->
1020</head>
1021
1022<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
1023
1024<div class=WordSection1>
1025
1026<h1><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600"
1027 o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f"
1028 stroked="f">
1029 <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/>
1030 <v:formulas>
1031  <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/>
1032  <v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"/>
1033  <v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"/>
1034  <v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"/>
1035  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1036  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1037  <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/>
1038  <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/>
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1042  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1043 </v:formulas>
1044 <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/>
1045 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
1046</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_2" o:spid="_x0000_s1035" type="#_x0000_t75"
1047 alt="GSAS-II logo" style='position:absolute;margin-left:56pt;margin-top:0;
1048 width:96pt;height:96pt;z-index:1;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square;
1049 mso-wrap-distance-left:0;mso-wrap-distance-top:0;mso-wrap-distance-right:0;
1050 mso-wrap-distance-bottom:0;mso-position-horizontal:right;
1051 mso-position-horizontal-relative:text;mso-position-vertical:absolute;
1052 mso-position-vertical-relative:line' o:allowoverlap="f">
1053 <v:imagedata src="gsas2logo.png"/>
1054 <w:wrap type="square" anchory="line"/>
1055</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=128 height=128 src=gsas2logo.png
1056align=right alt="GSAS-II logo" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_2"><![endif]><span
1057style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Help for GSAS-II<o:p></o:p></span></h1>
1058
1059<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1060is where to find help on various GSAS-II windows and plots. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1061
1062<h2><a name="Data_tree"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>GSAS-II
1063data tree</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
1064
1065<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1066is a hierarchical view of the data items in your GSAS-II project (name.gpx). Clicking
1067on any item in the window opens a view where information in that item can be
1068viewed or edited. For example, the <a href="#Sample_Parameters">&quot;Sample
1069Parameters&quot;</a> item contains information about how data were collected,
1070such as the sample temperature <a href="#Sample_Parameters">(see below)</a>. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1071
1072<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1073
1074<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1075style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1076style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1077&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211;</p>
1078
1079<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1080auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1081style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1082style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1083style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Open project&#8230;</b> - Open a previously
1084saved GSAS-II project file (name.gpx). If you currently have a project file
1085open, you are asked if it is OK to over write it; Cancel will cancel the
1086process.</p>
1087
1088<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1089auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1090style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1091style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1092style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Save project</b> &#8211; Save the current
1093project. If a file name is shown after &#8216;Loaded <span class=GramE>Data:&#8217;<span
1094style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>,</span></span><span
1095style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> it will be saved there.
1096Otherwise, you will be prompted for a new name in a file dialog (you may change
1097directory as well). If the file exists, you will be asked if it OK to
1098overwrite.</span></p>
1099
1100<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1101auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1102style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1103style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1104style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Save
1105As&#8230;</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> -
1106Save the current project to a new file. A file dialog will be shown to enter
1107the name (and change directory if desired). If the file exists, you will be
1108asked if it OK to overwrite.</span></p>
1109
1110<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1111auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1112style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1113style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1114style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Close
1115project</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1116&#8211; Close the current project; you will be asked if you want to save it
1117first.</span></p>
1118
1119<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1120auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1121style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1122style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1123style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Exit</span></b><span
1124style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; Exit the GSAS-II
1125program; if there is a current project you will be asked if you want to save it
1126first. Pressing the red X in the upper right (Windows) also exits (no save
1127option) GSAS-II; useful for escaping from GSAS-II if needed.</span></p>
1128
1129<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1130style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1131style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1132&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Data</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1133
1134<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1135auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1136style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1137style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1138style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read powder data&#8230;</b> - Read in
1139powder diffraction patterns (multiple patterns can be selected). GSAS-II can
1140read most of the old GSAS powder format files with the position in <span
1141class=SpellE>centidegrees</span> 2-theta. It can also read &#8220;<span
1142class=SpellE>xye</span>&#8221; format files used by <span class=SpellE>topas</span>
1143where the position is in degrees 2-theta. As each file is read, an old GSAS
1144style &#8220;instrument parameter file&#8221; is searched for; if not found a <span
1145class=SpellE>CuK</span><span style='font-family:Symbol'>a</span> laboratory
1146data set is assumed. </p>
1147
1148<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1149auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1150style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1151style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1152style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read image data&#8230;</b> - </p>
1153
1154<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1155auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1156style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1157style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1158style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read Powder Pattern Peaks&#8230;</b> - </p>
1159
1160<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1161auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1162style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1163style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1164style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Read single crystal data&#8230;</b> - </p>
1165
1166<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1167auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1168style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1169style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1170style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sum powder data</b> - </p>
1171
1172<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1173auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1174style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
1175style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1176style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sum image data</b> - </p>
1177
1178<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1179auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1180style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>g.<span
1181style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1182style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Add phase</b> - </p>
1183
1184<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1185auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1186style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>h.<span
1187style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1188style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete phase</b> - </p>
1189
1190<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1191auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1192style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>i.<span
1193style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
1194</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Rename
1195data</b> - </p>
1196
1197<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1198auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1199style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>j.<span
1200style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
1201</span></span></span><![endif]><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Delete
1202data</b> - </p>
1203
1204<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1205style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1206style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1207&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Calculate</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1208
1209<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1210auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1211style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1212style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1213style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Make new PDFs</b> - </p>
1214
1215<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1216auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1217style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1218style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1219style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>View LS <span class=SpellE>parms</span></b>
1220- </p>
1221
1222<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1223auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1224style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1225style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1226style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Refine</b> - </p>
1227
1228<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1229auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1230style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1231style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1232style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Sequential refine</b> - </p>
1233
1234<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1235auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1236style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1237style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1238style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Solve</b> - </p>
1239
1240<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1241style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
1242style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1243&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import</b>&#8217; &#8211; </p>
1244
1245<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1246auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1247style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1248style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1249style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import GSAS Exp phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
1250
1251<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1252auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1253style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1254style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1255style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import PDB phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
1256
1257<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1258auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1259style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1260style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1261style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import CIF phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
1262
1263<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1264auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1265style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1266style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1267style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Import HKLs&#8230;</b> - </p>
1268
1269<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1270style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
1271style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Menu
1272&#8216;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export</b>&#8217; &#8211;</p>
1273
1274<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1275auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1276style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1277style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1278style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export Powder Patterns&#8230;</b> - </p>
1279
1280<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1281auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1282style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1283style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1284style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export All Peak Lists&#8230;</b> - </p>
1285
1286<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1287auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1288style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1289style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1290style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export HKLs&#8230;</b> - </p>
1291
1292<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1293auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1294style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1295style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1296style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export PDF&#8230;</b> - </p>
1297
1298<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1299auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1300style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>e.<span
1301style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1302style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export Phase&#8230;</b> - </p>
1303
1304<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
1305text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level2 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1306style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>f.<span
1307style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1308style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Export CIF&#8230;</b> - </p>
1309
1310<h3><a name=Notebook><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Notebook</span></a><span
1311style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1312
1313<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1314window provides a place for you to enter whatever text commentary you wish.
1315Each time you enter this window, a date/time entry is provided for you. A
1316possibly useful technique is to select a portion of the console window after a
1317refinement completes (it will contain refinement results with residuals, new
1318values &amp; <span class=SpellE>esds</span>) and paste it into this Notebook
1319window so it becomes a part of your project file.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1320
1321<h3><a name=Controls><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Controls</span></a><span
1322style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1323
1324<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1325window provides the main controls for the major calculations in GSAS-II. At
1326present only Refinement Controls are presented.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1327
1328<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
1329main refinement tools are the <span class=SpellE><span class=GramE>fortran</span></span>
1330MINPACK <span class=SpellE>lmdif</span> and <span class=SpellE>lmder</span>
1331algorithms wrapped in python as provided in the <span class=SpellE>Scipy</span>
1332package. Their purpose is to </span>minimize the sum of the squares of M<span
1333style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> nonlinear functions in N
1334variables by a modification of the <span class=SpellE>Levenberg</span>-Marquardt
1335algorithm as written by </span>Burton S. <span class=SpellE>Garbow</span>,
1336Kenneth E. <span class=SpellE>Hillstrom</span>, <span class=GramE>Jorge</span>
1337J. <span class=GramE>More (Argonne National Laboratory, 1980).</span></p>
1338
1339<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1340
1341<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
1342style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1343style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1344style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select whether the refinement
1345uses &#8216;analytic&#8217; or &#8216;numeric&#8217; derivatives. The latter is
1346slower and perhaps a bit less accurate, but may be needed if the analytic
1347functions are not fully developed. Generally use &#8216;analytic&#8217; for
1348routine work.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1349
1350<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
1351style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1352style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1353style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select &#8216;Min
1354delta-M/M&#8217; for convergence; the refinement will stop when the change in
1355the minimization function is less than this value. Set Min delta-M/M = 1.0 to
1356force just a single cycle to be performed. A value less than 10<sup>-4</sup>
1357(the default) generally gives no better result. The allowed range is 10<sup>-9</sup>
1358to 1.0.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1359
1360<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
1361style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1362style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1363style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select &#8216;Initial shift
1364factor&#8217; for the first cycle of refinement. This value is modified by the
1365least squares routine. The allowed range is 10<sup>-5</sup> to 100. Smaller
1366values may be needed if your initial <span class=GramE>refinement</span> trials
1367immediately diverge, however make sure your starting parameter values are
1368&#8216;reasonable&#8217;. The selected default (=1.0) normally gives good
1369performance.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1370
1371<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l4 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
1372style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
1373style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1374style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select data for sequential
1375refinement; the data sets may be done in &#8216;reverse order&#8217;. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1376
1377<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Covariance<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1378
1379<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1380window is blank; the GSASII Plots window &#8216;<a href="#Covariance">Covariance&#8217;</a>
1381shows a graphical representation of the variance-covariance matrix <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1382
1383<h3><a name=Constraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Constraints<o:p></o:p></span></a></h3>
1384
1385<span style='mso-bookmark:Constraints'></span>
1386
1387<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1388window shows the constraints to be used in a refinement. It is organized into
1389three tabbed pages. &#8216;Phase constraints&#8217; contain those involving
1390parameters that describe aspects of the crystalline phases to be used in the
1391refinement (e.g. atom coordinates, thermal motion and site fraction
1392parameters). &#8216;Histogram/Phase constraints&#8217; are those which describe
1393aspects of the pattern that depend on both the phase and the data set used in
1394the refinement (e.g. </span><span style='font-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family:
1395"Times New Roman"'>m</span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>strain
1396and crystallite size parameters). &#8216;Histogram constraints&#8217; are those
1397that depend only on the data set (e.g. profile coefficients U<span class=GramE>,V,W,X</span>
1398and Y).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1399
1400<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1401
1402<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1403style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1404style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1405style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Select the tab for the parameter
1406types you wish to constrain. Each will have the same possibilities in the
1407&#8216;Edit menu.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1408
1409<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1410style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1411style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1412style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
1413style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Edit</b>&#8217; &#8211; <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1414
1415<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1416auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1417style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>a.<span
1418style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1419class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
1420"Times New Roman"'>Add</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1421style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> Hold</span></b><span
1422style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> &#8211; select a parameter
1423that you wish to remain fixed although other parameters of the same type may be
1424selected as a group for refinement. For example, if the space group for a phase
1425has a polar axis (e.g. the b-axis in P2<sub>1</sub>), then one atom y-parameter
1426is arbitrary and should be selected for a Hold to keep the structure from
1427drifting up or down the y-axis during refinement. If selected, a dialog box
1428will appear showing the list of available parameters; select one and then OK to
1429implement it, Cancel will cancel the operation. The held parameter will be
1430shown in the constraint window with the keyword &#8216;FIXED&#8217;. A Delete
1431button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1432
1433<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1434auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1435style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>b.<span
1436style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1437style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
1438equivalence</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1439&#8211; select a list of parameters that should have the same value (possibly
1440with a non-unitary multiplier for some). Examples are a list of atoms with the
1441same thermal motion <span class=SpellE>Uiso</span>, sets of profile
1442coefficients U<span class=GramE>,V,W</span> across multiple data sets. If
1443selected, a dialog box will appear with a list of the available parameters.
1444Select one and press OK; a second dialog box will appear with only those
1445parameters that can be made equivalent to the first one. Choose those and press
1446OK. Cancel in either dialog will cancel the operation. The equivalenced
1447parameters will show as an equation of the form M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>=0;
1448usually M1=1.0 and M2=-1.0, but can be changed via the &#8216;Edit&#8217;
1449button. The keyword &#8216;EQUIV&#8217; marks it as <span class=GramE>an
1450equivalence</span>. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1451
1452<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:
1453auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1454style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>c.<span
1455style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1456style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
1457constraint</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1458&#8211; select a list of parameters whose sum (with possible non-unitary
1459multipliers) is fixed. For example, the sum of site fractions for atoms on the
1460same site could be fixed to unity. If selected, a dialog box will appear with a
1461list of the available parameters. Select one and press OK; a second dialog box
1462will appear with only those parameters that can be used in a constraint with
1463the first one. Choose those and press OK. Cancel in either dialog will cancel
1464the operation. The equivalenced parameters will show as an equation of the form
1465M<sub>1</sub>*P<sub>1</sub>+M<sub>2</sub>*P<sub>2</sub>+&#8230;=C; the
1466multipliers M1, <span class=GramE>M2, &#8230;</span> and C can be changed via
1467the &#8216;Edit&#8217; button. The keyword &#8216;CONSTR&#8217; marks it as a
1468constraint. A Delete button can be used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1469
1470<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:1.0in;mso-add-space:auto;
1471text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level2 lfo6'><![if !supportLists]><span
1472style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>d.<span
1473style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><b
1474style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Add
1475function</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1476&#8211; this is very similar the &#8220;Add constraint&#8221; type except that
1477the result of the sum can be varied in the refinement. The keyword
1478&#8216;FUNCT&#8217; marks it as a function; the &#8216;Refine?&#8217; box
1479indicates your choice to refine the result of the sum. A Delete button can be
1480used to remove it.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1481
1482<h3><a name=Restraints><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Restraints</span></a><span
1483style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1484
1485<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1486window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1487
1488<h3><a name=Limits><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Limits</span></a><span
1489style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1490
1491<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1492window shows the limits in position to be used in any fitting for this powder
1493pattern. The &#8216;original&#8217; values are obtained from the minimum &amp;
1494maximum values in the powder pattern. You can modify &#8216;changed&#8217; as
1495needed.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1496
1497<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1498
1499<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
1500style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1501style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1502style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
1503style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; <b
1504style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Copy</b> - this copies the limits shown to
1505other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy Limits) will appear
1506showing the list of available powder patterns, you can copy the limits to any
1507or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217; to copy them to all patterns. Then
1508select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy; &#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the
1509operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1510
1511<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo8'><![if !supportLists]><span
1512style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1513style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1514style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change <span
1515class=SpellE>Tmin</span> and <span class=SpellE>Tmax</span> in the
1516&#8216;changed&#8217; row as needed. Use the mouse to select the value to be
1517changed (the background on the box will be blue or have a black border or a
1518vertical bar will appear in the value), then enter the new value and press
1519Enter or click the mouse elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the
1520new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1521
1522<h3><a name=Background><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Background</span></a><span
1523style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1524
1525<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1526window shows the choice of background function and coefficients to be used in
1527fitting this powder pattern.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1528
1529<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1530
1531<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1532style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1533style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1534style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
1535style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>File</b>&#8217; &#8211; <b
1536style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Copy</b> &#8211; this copies the background
1537parameters shown to other selected powder patterns. If used, a dialog box (Copy
1538Parameters) will appear showing the list of available powder patterns, you can
1539copy the background parameters to any or all of them; select &#8216;All&#8217;
1540to copy them to all patterns. Then select &#8216;OK&#8217; to do the copy;
1541&#8216;Cancel&#8217; to cancel the operation.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1542
1543<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1544style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1545style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1546style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can select a different
1547Background function from the pull down tab.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1548
1549<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1550style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1551style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1552style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can choose to refine/not
1553refine the background coefficients.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1554
1555<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1556style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span
1557style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1558style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can select the number of
1559background coefficients to be used (1-36).<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1560
1561<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l6 level1 lfo10'><![if !supportLists]><span
1562style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>5.<span
1563style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1564style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You can change individual
1565background coefficient values. Enter the value then press Enter or click the
1566mouse elsewhere in the Background window. This will set the new value.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1567
1568<h3><a name="Instrument_Parameters"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Instrument
1569Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1570
1571<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1572window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1573
1574<h3><a name="Sample_Parameters"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Sample
1575Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1576
1577<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1578window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1579
1580<h3><a name="Powder_Peaks"></a><a name="Peak_List"><span style='mso-bookmark:
1581Powder_Peaks'><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></span></a><span
1582style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1583
1584<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1585window shows the list of peaks that will be used by the peak fitting refinement.
1586It is filled by picking peaks in the powder pattern displayed in the GSASII
1587Plots window as a sequence of &#8216;+&#8217; marks. See <a
1588href="#Powder_Patterns">Powder Patterns</a> below for details for what can be
1589done on this plot.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1590
1591<h3><a name="Index_Peaks"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Index
1592Peak List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1593
1594<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1595window shows the list of peaks that will be used for indexing (see </span><a
1596href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
1597Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>).
1598It must be filled before indexing can proceed. When indexing is completed, this
1599display will show the resulting <span class=SpellE>hkl</span> values for every
1600indexed reflection along with the calculated d-spacing (&#8216;d-<span
1601class=SpellE>calc</span>&#8217;) for the selected unit cell in </span><a
1602href="#Unit_Cells_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
1603Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1604
1605<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1606
1607<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
1608style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1609style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1610style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Menu &#8216;<b
1611style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Operations</b>&#8217; &#8211; <b
1612style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Load/Reload</b> &#8211; loads the peak
1613positions &amp; intensities from the </span><a href="#Peak_List"><span
1614style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Peak List</span></a><span
1615style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'> to make them available for
1616the indexing routine. The d-<span class=SpellE>obs</span> is obtained from
1617Bragg&#8217;s Law after applying the Zero correction shown on the </span><a
1618href="#Instrument_Parameters"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Instrument
1619Parameters</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1620table to the position shown here.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1621
1622<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l2 level1 lfo12'><![if !supportLists]><span
1623style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1624style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1625style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>You may deselect individual
1626peaks from indexing by <span class=SpellE>unchecking</span> the corresponding
1627&#8216;use&#8217; box.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1628
1629<h3><a name="Cell_Indexing_Refine"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Unit
1630Cells List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1631
1632<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1633window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1634
1635<h3><a name="Reflection_List"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Reflection
1636List</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1637
1638<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1639window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1640
1641<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Texture Control
1642Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1643
1644<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1645window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1646
1647<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Image Masks<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1648
1649<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1650window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1651
1652<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Atoms Control
1653Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1654
1655<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1656window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1657
1658<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Diffraction Data
1659Control Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1660
1661<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1662window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1663
1664<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Draw Atoms Control
1665Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1666
1667<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1668window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1669
1670<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Pawley Control
1671Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1672
1673<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1674window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1675
1676<h3><a name=Images><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Images
1677Control<o:p></o:p></span></a></h3>
1678
1679<span style='mso-bookmark:Images'></span>
1680
1681<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1682window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1683
1684<h3><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>PDF Controls
1685Control Window<o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1686
1687<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1688window... <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1689
1690<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
1691
1692<h2><a name=Plots><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>GSASII
1693Plots</span></a><span style='mso-bookmark:Plots'></span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
1694"Times New Roman";font-weight:normal'> </span><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
1695"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h2>
1696
1697<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>This
1698window presents all the graphical material as a multipage tabbed set of plots
1699utilizing the <span class=SpellE>matplotlib</span> python package. Each page
1700has a tool bar (at bottom in Windows) with the controls<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1701
1702<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1703mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_3" o:spid="_x0000_i1026"
1704 type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:168.75pt;height:23.25pt;visibility:visible;
1705 mso-wrap-style:square'>
1706 <v:imagedata src="gsasII_files/image001.png" o:title="" croptop="44118f"
1707  cropbottom="18773f" cropleft="22405f" cropright="32288f"/>
1708</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=225 height=31
1709src="gsasII_files/image002.jpg" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_3"><![endif]></span><span
1710style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1711
1712<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>These
1713are Home, Back, Forward, Pan, Zoom, Save and Help, respectively. The Pan option
1714allows you to control panning across the plot (press left mouse button) and
1715zooming (press right mouse button), the Zoom option allows you to select a
1716portion of the plot (press right mouse button &amp; drag for zoom box) for the
1717next plot. The Save allows you to save the currently displayed plot in one of
1718several graphical formats suitable for printing or insertion in a document. The
1719Help icon is for access to this GSASII help.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1720
1721<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Below
1722the toolbar may be a status bar that on the left may show either an instruction
1723for a keyed input or a pull down selection of keyed input; on the right may be
1724displayed position dependent information that is updated as the mouse is moved
1725over the plot region.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1726
1727<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
1728
1729<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
1730specific types of plots that are pages in the GSASII Plots windows are next.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1731
1732<h3><a name="Powder_Patterns"><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Powder
1733Patterns</span></a><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1734
1735<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
1736powder patterns that are part of your project are shown on this page. They can
1737be displayed as a stack of powder patterns, just a single pattern or as a
1738contour image of the peak intensities. What can be done here will depend on
1739which is displayed and on which item in the GSAS-II data tree you have
1740selected.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1741
1742<h3><a name=Covariance><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Covariance</span></a><span
1743style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p></o:p></span></h3>
1744
1745<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>The
1746variance-covariance matrix as a color coded array is shown on this page. The
1747color bar to the right shows the range of <span class=SpellE>covariances</span>
1748(-1 to 1) and corresponding colors. The parameter names are to the right and
1749the parameter numbers are below the plot.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1750
1751<h4><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>What can I do here?<o:p></o:p></span></h4>
1752
1753<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
1754style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1755style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Move
1756the mouse cursor across the plot. If on a diagonal cell, the parameter name,
1757value and <span class=SpellE>esd</span> is shown both as a tool tip and in the
1758right hand portion of the status bar. If the cursor is off the diagonal, the
1759two parameter names and their covariance are shown in the tool tip and the
1760status bar.</p>
1761
1762<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l1 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
1763style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1764style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span
1765class=GramE>Type &#8216;s&#8217;</span> &#8211; A color scheme selection dialog
1766is shown. Select a color scheme and press <span class=GramE>OK,</span> the new
1767color scheme will be plotted. The default is &#8216;<span class=SpellE>RdYlGn</span>&#8217;.</p>
1768
1769<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
1770
1771<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
1772
1773<div class=MsoNormal align=center style='text-align:center'><span
1774style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>
1775
1776<hr size=2 width="100%" align=center>
1777
1778</span></div>
1779
1780<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><!-- hhmts start -->Last
1781modified: Tue Nov 22 13:19:47 CST 2011 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1782
1783<!-- hhmts end --></div>
1784
1785</body>
1786
1787</html>
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