source: trunk/help/Integration of area detector data in GSAS.htm @ 895

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384        mso-style-link:"Heading 1 Char";
385        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
386        margin-right:0in;
387        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
388        margin-left:0in;
389        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
390        mso-outline-level:1;
391        font-size:24.0pt;
392        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
393        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
394        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
395        font-weight:bold;}
396h2
397        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
398        mso-style-priority:9;
399        mso-style-qformat:yes;
400        mso-style-link:"Heading 2 Char";
401        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
402        margin-right:0in;
403        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
404        margin-left:0in;
405        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
406        mso-outline-level:2;
407        font-size:18.0pt;
408        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
409        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
410        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
411        font-weight:bold;}
412h3
413        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
414        mso-style-priority:9;
415        mso-style-qformat:yes;
416        mso-style-link:"Heading 3 Char";
417        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
418        margin-right:0in;
419        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
420        margin-left:0in;
421        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
422        mso-outline-level:3;
423        font-size:13.5pt;
424        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
425        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
426        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
427        font-weight:bold;}
428h4
429        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
430        mso-style-priority:9;
431        mso-style-qformat:yes;
432        mso-style-link:"Heading 4 Char";
433        mso-style-next:Normal;
434        margin-top:10.0pt;
435        margin-right:0in;
436        margin-bottom:0in;
437        margin-left:0in;
438        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
439        mso-pagination:widow-orphan lines-together;
440        page-break-after:avoid;
441        mso-outline-level:4;
442        font-size:13.0pt;
443        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
444        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
445        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
446        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
447        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
448        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
449        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
450        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
451        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
452        color:#4F81BD;
453        mso-themecolor:accent1;
454        font-weight:bold;
455        font-style:italic;}
456h5
457        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
458        mso-style-priority:9;
459        mso-style-qformat:yes;
460        mso-style-link:"Heading 5 Char";
461        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
462        margin-right:0in;
463        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
464        margin-left:0in;
465        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
466        mso-outline-level:5;
467        font-size:12.0pt;
468        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
469        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
470        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
471        color:#4F4FFF;
472        font-weight:bold;}
473p.MsoTitle, li.MsoTitle, div.MsoTitle
474        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
475        mso-style-priority:10;
476        mso-style-unhide:no;
477        mso-style-qformat:yes;
478        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
479        mso-style-next:Normal;
480        margin-top:0in;
481        margin-right:0in;
482        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
483        margin-left:0in;
484        mso-add-space:auto;
485        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
486        border:none;
487        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
488        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
489        padding:0in;
490        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
491        font-size:26.0pt;
492        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
493        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
494        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
495        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
496        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
497        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
498        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
499        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
500        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
501        color:#17365D;
502        mso-themecolor:text2;
503        mso-themeshade:191;
504        letter-spacing:.25pt;
505        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
506p.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, li.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, div.MsoTitleCxSpFirst
507        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
508        mso-style-priority:10;
509        mso-style-unhide:no;
510        mso-style-qformat:yes;
511        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
512        mso-style-next:Normal;
513        mso-style-type:export-only;
514        margin:0in;
515        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
516        mso-add-space:auto;
517        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
518        border:none;
519        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
520        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
521        padding:0in;
522        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
523        font-size:26.0pt;
524        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
525        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
526        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
527        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
528        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
529        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
530        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
531        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
532        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
533        color:#17365D;
534        mso-themecolor:text2;
535        mso-themeshade:191;
536        letter-spacing:.25pt;
537        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
538p.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, li.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, div.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle
539        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
540        mso-style-priority:10;
541        mso-style-unhide:no;
542        mso-style-qformat:yes;
543        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
544        mso-style-next:Normal;
545        mso-style-type:export-only;
546        margin:0in;
547        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
548        mso-add-space:auto;
549        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
550        border:none;
551        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
552        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
553        padding:0in;
554        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
555        font-size:26.0pt;
556        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
557        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
558        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
559        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
560        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
561        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
562        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
563        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
564        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
565        color:#17365D;
566        mso-themecolor:text2;
567        mso-themeshade:191;
568        letter-spacing:.25pt;
569        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
570p.MsoTitleCxSpLast, li.MsoTitleCxSpLast, div.MsoTitleCxSpLast
571        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
572        mso-style-priority:10;
573        mso-style-unhide:no;
574        mso-style-qformat:yes;
575        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
576        mso-style-next:Normal;
577        mso-style-type:export-only;
578        margin-top:0in;
579        margin-right:0in;
580        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
581        margin-left:0in;
582        mso-add-space:auto;
583        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
584        border:none;
585        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
586        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
587        padding:0in;
588        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
589        font-size:26.0pt;
590        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
591        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
592        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
593        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
594        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
595        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
596        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
597        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
598        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
599        color:#17365D;
600        mso-themecolor:text2;
601        mso-themeshade:191;
602        letter-spacing:.25pt;
603        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
604a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
605        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
606        mso-style-priority:99;
607        color:blue;
608        text-decoration:underline;
609        text-underline:single;}
610a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
611        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
612        mso-style-priority:99;
613        color:purple;
614        text-decoration:underline;
615        text-underline:single;}
616p.MsoDocumentMap, li.MsoDocumentMap, div.MsoDocumentMap
617        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
618        mso-style-priority:99;
619        mso-style-link:"Document Map Char";
620        margin:0in;
621        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
622        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
623        font-size:8.0pt;
624        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
625        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
626        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
627p
628        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
629        mso-style-priority:99;
630        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
631        margin-right:0in;
632        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
633        margin-left:0in;
634        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
635        font-size:12.0pt;
636        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
637        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
638        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
639pre
640        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
641        mso-style-priority:99;
642        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
643        margin:0in;
644        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
645        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
646        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
647        font-size:10.0pt;
648        font-family:"Courier New";
649        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
650p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
651        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
652        mso-style-priority:99;
653        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
654        margin:0in;
655        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
656        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
657        font-size:8.0pt;
658        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
659        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
660        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
661span.MsoPlaceholderText
662        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
663        mso-style-priority:99;
664        mso-style-unhide:no;
665        color:gray;}
666p.MsoNoSpacing, li.MsoNoSpacing, div.MsoNoSpacing
667        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
668        mso-style-priority:1;
669        mso-style-unhide:no;
670        mso-style-qformat:yes;
671        mso-style-parent:"";
672        margin:0in;
673        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
674        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
675        font-size:12.0pt;
676        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
677        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
678        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
679p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
680        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
681        mso-style-priority:34;
682        mso-style-unhide:no;
683        mso-style-qformat:yes;
684        margin-top:0in;
685        margin-right:0in;
686        margin-bottom:0in;
687        margin-left:.5in;
688        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
689        mso-add-space:auto;
690        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
691        font-size:12.0pt;
692        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
693        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
694        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
695p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
696        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
697        mso-style-priority:34;
698        mso-style-unhide:no;
699        mso-style-qformat:yes;
700        mso-style-type:export-only;
701        margin-top:0in;
702        margin-right:0in;
703        margin-bottom:0in;
704        margin-left:.5in;
705        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
706        mso-add-space:auto;
707        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
708        font-size:12.0pt;
709        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
710        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
711        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
712p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
713        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
714        mso-style-priority:34;
715        mso-style-unhide:no;
716        mso-style-qformat:yes;
717        mso-style-type:export-only;
718        margin-top:0in;
719        margin-right:0in;
720        margin-bottom:0in;
721        margin-left:.5in;
722        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
723        mso-add-space:auto;
724        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
725        font-size:12.0pt;
726        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
727        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
728        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
729p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
730        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
731        mso-style-priority:34;
732        mso-style-unhide:no;
733        mso-style-qformat:yes;
734        mso-style-type:export-only;
735        margin-top:0in;
736        margin-right:0in;
737        margin-bottom:0in;
738        margin-left:.5in;
739        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
740        mso-add-space:auto;
741        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
742        font-size:12.0pt;
743        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
744        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
745        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
746span.MsoIntenseReference
747        {mso-style-priority:32;
748        mso-style-unhide:no;
749        mso-style-qformat:yes;
750        font-variant:small-caps;
751        color:#C0504D;
752        mso-themecolor:accent2;
753        letter-spacing:.25pt;
754        font-weight:bold;
755        text-decoration:underline;
756        text-underline:single;}
757span.Heading1Char
758        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
759        mso-style-priority:9;
760        mso-style-unhide:no;
761        mso-style-locked:yes;
762        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
763        mso-ansi-font-size:24.0pt;
764        mso-bidi-font-size:24.0pt;
765        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
766        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
767        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
768        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
769        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
770        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
771        mso-font-kerning:18.0pt;
772        font-weight:bold;}
773span.Heading2Char
774        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
775        mso-style-noshow:yes;
776        mso-style-priority:9;
777        mso-style-unhide:no;
778        mso-style-locked:yes;
779        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
780        mso-ansi-font-size:18.0pt;
781        mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
782        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
783        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
784        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
785        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
786        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
787        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
788        font-weight:bold;}
789span.Heading3Char
790        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
791        mso-style-noshow:yes;
792        mso-style-priority:9;
793        mso-style-unhide:no;
794        mso-style-locked:yes;
795        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
796        mso-ansi-font-size:13.5pt;
797        mso-bidi-font-size:13.5pt;
798        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
799        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
800        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
801        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
802        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
803        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
804        font-weight:bold;}
805span.Heading4Char
806        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
807        mso-style-noshow:yes;
808        mso-style-priority:9;
809        mso-style-unhide:no;
810        mso-style-locked:yes;
811        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
812        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
813        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
814        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
815        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
816        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
817        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
818        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
819        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
820        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
821        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
822        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
823        color:#4F81BD;
824        mso-themecolor:accent1;
825        font-weight:bold;
826        font-style:italic;}
827span.Heading5Char
828        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
829        mso-style-noshow:yes;
830        mso-style-priority:9;
831        mso-style-unhide:no;
832        mso-style-locked:yes;
833        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
834        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
835        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
836        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
837        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
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967
968<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
969
970<div class=WordSection1>
971
972<h1>Integration of area detector data in GSAS-II</h1>
973
974<p class=MsoNormal>In this demo, data collected with a Perkin-Elmer area
975detector at APS 11-ID-C with a wavelength 0.10798 A, where the detector was
976intentionally tilted at 45 degrees, are used. Note that menu entries are listed
977in <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
978mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
979Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>bold face</span></b> below as <b
980style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
981mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
982Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help/About GSAS-II</span></b>, which
983lists first the name of the menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
984style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
985mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
986minor-latin'>Help</span></b>) and second the name of the entry in the menu
987(here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
988mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
989Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).</p>
990
991<h2>Prerequisite:<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span><a
992href="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS.htm">Calibration Demo</a></h2>
993
994<p class=MsoNormal>This assumes that an image data set has been read in and
995calibration results have been derived, see the <a
996href="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS.htm">Calibration Demo</a></p>
997
998<h2>Step 1: Clear calibration plot</h2>
999
1000<p class=MsoNormal>Assuming the previous step was calibration, the image plot
1001will show the located rings and possibly all the picked points. These are no
1002longer needed. The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1003style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1004mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1005minor-latin'>Image Controls/Clear Calibration</span></b> menu entry removes
1006these from the plot, but<u> does not clear the calibration results</u>. Use of
1007this menu item is not required, but does speed future display of results. </p>
1008
1009<h2>Step 2: Integration Settings</h2>
1010
1011<p class=MsoNormal>In the simplest case, all that is needed is to click on the <b
1012style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1013mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1014Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Do full integration?</span></b> <span
1015class=GramE>check</span> box and adjust the inner and outer 2-theta values with
1016the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1017mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1018Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Inner 2-theta</span></b> and<b
1019style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> </b><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1020style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1021mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1022minor-latin'>Outer 2-theta</span></b> controls. It is helpful to see the
1023two-theta limits on the plot visually, while adjusting the two-theta range.
1024This is done by clicking on the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1025style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1026mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1027minor-latin'>Show integration limits?</span></b> <span class=GramE>check</span>
1028box. Note that inner limit is shown as a green ellipse at 2deg and the outer is
1029shown as a red ellipse at 5deg by default. These limits may also be dragged to
1030the desired values; a small popup window shows the value. <o:p></o:p></p>
1031
1032<p class=MsoNormal>Change the limits to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1033style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1034mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1035minor-latin'>1</span></b> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1036style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1037mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1038minor-latin'>7</span></b> for this data. Note that changes are displayed when
1039numbers are placed in the boxes only after pressing return or tab key or by
1040clicking on some other item in the window.</p>
1041
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1066</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=630 height=456
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1068v:shapes="Picture_x0020_6"><![endif]></span></p>
1069
1070<h3>Other useful controls:</h3>
1071
1072<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1073style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1074mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1075minor-latin'>Azimuth offset</span></b>: The image vertical axis (from the beam
1076center, going down) is labeled with the azimuth value placed in the <b
1077style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1078mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1079Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Azimuth offset</span></b> box. This is
1080usually zero unless the image plate has been rotated about its normal axis.</p>
1081
1082<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1083style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1084mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1085minor-latin'>Start/End azimuth</span></b>: The integration is started at the
1086Start azimuth angle in the left box, and when the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1087normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:
1088minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1089mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Do full integration?</span></b> <span
1090class=GramE>checkbox</span> is not checked, the integration will be run only to
1091the maximum value specified. When the range is less than 360 degrees, the
1092integration range will be shown (if selected) with the high and low limits
1093plotted and only segments of the max and min ellipses drawn. These limits may
1094also be dragged on the plot to desired locations.</p>
1095
1096<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1097style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1098mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1099minor-latin'>Number of 2-theta bins</span></b>: The resulting 1-D powder
1100pattern after integration will consist of this many points. This number should
1101be on the order of the number of pixels in one direction (since resolution
1102cannot be much better than this) or less, if instrumental resolution and sample
1103broadening does not require that many points. Some trial and error may be
1104needed, but there should more than 6 points across each peak
1105full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM) in the final pattern to be useful for further
1106analysis. In this case <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1107style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1108mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5000</span></b> is a better choice than the
1109default.</p>
1110
1111<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1112style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1113mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1114minor-latin'>Number of azimuth bins</span></b>: In cases where the diffraction
1115experiment shows changes as a function of azimuthal angle, the integration can
1116be performed as a function of angle. This number specifies the number of bins
1117to use by azimuthal angle. The process of breaking up the integration in this
1118way is sometimes called &quot;caking&quot; since the integration region grows
1119with distance from the beam-center, with a shape like a slice of cake or pie.
1120When more than one azimuthal bin is used, the regions are shown in the plot
1121with dashed lines, when the Show integration limits?&quot; check box is
1122checked. </p>
1123
1124<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1125style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1126mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1127minor-latin'>Appl. det. absorption</span></b> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1128normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:
1129minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1130mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>value</span></b>: The scattered ray beams are
1131partially absorbed by the detector depending on the scattering angle. This
1132reduces the intensity of higher angle data more than low angle data. The value
1133is dependent on the wavelength and the materials used for the front surface of
1134the detector, so some experimentation with a standard is needed to establish an
1135appropriate value.</p>
1136
1137<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1138style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1139mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1140minor-latin'>Background Image</span> </b>and<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1141normal'> </b><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1142"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1143minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Multiplier</span></b>:
1144You can designate a previously read in image as background which will then be
1145used to modify each data image as they are integrated. Note that the <b
1146style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1147mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1148Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Multiplier</span></b> must be negative
1149for it to be subtracted. Note that all images used in this way must be exactly
1150the same format (number of pixels &amp; pixel size).</p>
1151
1152<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1153 id="Picture_x0020_7" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
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1159v:shapes="Picture_x0020_7"><![endif]></span></p>
1160
1161<h2>Step 3: Perform integration </h2>
1162
1163<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Use the <b
1164style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1165mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1166Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Operations/Integrate</span></b>
1167image data menu item to start the integration. This will take at least a few
1168seconds. If multiple images have been read in, the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1169normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:
1170minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1171mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Integrate All</span></b> menu item can be
1172used. This is most useful when the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1173style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1174mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1175minor-latin'>Use as Default</span></b> option is in use for one image.</p>
1176
1177<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>At this point the
1178data tree window will have new entries as each azimuthal &quot;slice&quot;
1179added to the data tree as a powder pattern</p>
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1186</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=400 height=250
1187src="Integration%20of%20area%20detector%20data%20in%20GSAS_files/image003.png"
1188v:shapes="Picture_x0020_8"><![endif]></span><span
1189style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1190
1191<p class=MsoNormal>Two plots are added to the plot window: One (with tab <b
1192style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1193mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1194Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Integration</span></b>) shows the
1195diffraction intensity as a function of both 2-theta and (when there is more
1196than one azimuthal integration region) azimuthal angle.</p>
1197
1198<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1199 id="Picture_x0020_9" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1200 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1201 <v:imagedata src="Integration%20of%20area%20detector%20data%20in%20GSAS_files/image004.png"
1202  o:title=""/>
1203</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1204src="Integration%20of%20area%20detector%20data%20in%20GSAS_files/image004.png"
1205v:shapes="Picture_x0020_9"><![endif]></span><span
1206style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1207
1208<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE>and</span> a conventional 1-D powder
1209pattern(s) for each &quot;slice&quot;</p>
1210
1211<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1212 id="Picture_x0020_10" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1213 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1214 <v:imagedata src="Integration%20of%20area%20detector%20data%20in%20GSAS_files/image005.png"
1215  o:title=""/>
1216</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1217src="Integration%20of%20area%20detector%20data%20in%20GSAS_files/image005.png"
1218v:shapes="Picture_x0020_10"><![endif]></span></p>
1219
1220<p class=MsoNormal>Again you could save the project with <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1221normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:
1222minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1223mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>File/Save project</span></b> on the main <b
1224style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1225mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1226Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>GSAS-II data tree</span></b> menu
1227although it is not needed for any further tutorials.</p>
1228
1229<h2>Next demo: <a href="Fit%20Peaks.htm"><span style='color:windowtext;
1230text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Fit Peaks and <span class=SpellE>Autoindexing</span></span></a></h2>
1231
1232</div>
1233
1234</body>
1235
1236</html>
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