source: trunk/help/Integration of area detector data in GSAS.htm @ 591

Last change on this file since 591 was 591, checked in by toby, 10 years ago

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383        mso-style-link:"Heading 1 Char";
384        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
385        margin-right:0in;
386        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
387        margin-left:0in;
388        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
389        mso-outline-level:1;
390        font-size:24.0pt;
391        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
392        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
393        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
394        font-weight:bold;}
395h2
396        {mso-style-priority:9;
397        mso-style-qformat:yes;
398        mso-style-link:"Heading 2 Char";
399        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
400        margin-right:0in;
401        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
402        margin-left:0in;
403        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
404        mso-outline-level:2;
405        font-size:18.0pt;
406        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
407        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
408        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
409        font-weight:bold;}
410h3
411        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
412        mso-style-priority:9;
413        mso-style-qformat:yes;
414        mso-style-link:"Heading 3 Char";
415        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
416        margin-right:0in;
417        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
418        margin-left:0in;
419        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
420        mso-outline-level:3;
421        font-size:13.5pt;
422        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
423        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
424        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
425        font-weight:bold;}
426h4
427        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
428        mso-style-priority:9;
429        mso-style-qformat:yes;
430        mso-style-link:"Heading 4 Char";
431        mso-style-next:Normal;
432        margin-top:10.0pt;
433        margin-right:0in;
434        margin-bottom:0in;
435        margin-left:0in;
436        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
437        mso-pagination:widow-orphan lines-together;
438        page-break-after:avoid;
439        mso-outline-level:4;
440        font-size:13.0pt;
441        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
442        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
443        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
444        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
445        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
446        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
447        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
448        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
449        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
450        color:#4F81BD;
451        mso-themecolor:accent1;
452        font-weight:bold;
453        font-style:italic;}
454h5
455        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
456        mso-style-priority:9;
457        mso-style-qformat:yes;
458        mso-style-link:"Heading 5 Char";
459        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
460        margin-right:0in;
461        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
462        margin-left:0in;
463        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
464        mso-outline-level:5;
465        font-size:12.0pt;
466        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
467        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
468        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
469        color:#4F4FFF;
470        font-weight:bold;}
471p.MsoTitle, li.MsoTitle, div.MsoTitle
472        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
473        mso-style-priority:10;
474        mso-style-unhide:no;
475        mso-style-qformat:yes;
476        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
477        mso-style-next:Normal;
478        margin-top:0in;
479        margin-right:0in;
480        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
481        margin-left:0in;
482        mso-add-space:auto;
483        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
484        border:none;
485        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
486        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
487        padding:0in;
488        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
489        font-size:26.0pt;
490        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
491        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
492        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
493        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
494        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
495        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
496        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
497        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
498        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
499        color:#17365D;
500        mso-themecolor:text2;
501        mso-themeshade:191;
502        letter-spacing:.25pt;
503        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
504p.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, li.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, div.MsoTitleCxSpFirst
505        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
506        mso-style-priority:10;
507        mso-style-unhide:no;
508        mso-style-qformat:yes;
509        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
510        mso-style-next:Normal;
511        mso-style-type:export-only;
512        margin:0in;
513        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
514        mso-add-space:auto;
515        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
516        border:none;
517        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
518        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
519        padding:0in;
520        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
521        font-size:26.0pt;
522        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
523        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
524        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
525        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
526        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
527        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
528        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
529        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
530        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
531        color:#17365D;
532        mso-themecolor:text2;
533        mso-themeshade:191;
534        letter-spacing:.25pt;
535        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
536p.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, li.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, div.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle
537        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
538        mso-style-priority:10;
539        mso-style-unhide:no;
540        mso-style-qformat:yes;
541        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
542        mso-style-next:Normal;
543        mso-style-type:export-only;
544        margin:0in;
545        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
546        mso-add-space:auto;
547        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
548        border:none;
549        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
550        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
551        padding:0in;
552        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
553        font-size:26.0pt;
554        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
555        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
556        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
557        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
558        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
559        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
560        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
561        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
562        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
563        color:#17365D;
564        mso-themecolor:text2;
565        mso-themeshade:191;
566        letter-spacing:.25pt;
567        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
568p.MsoTitleCxSpLast, li.MsoTitleCxSpLast, div.MsoTitleCxSpLast
569        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
570        mso-style-priority:10;
571        mso-style-unhide:no;
572        mso-style-qformat:yes;
573        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
574        mso-style-next:Normal;
575        mso-style-type:export-only;
576        margin-top:0in;
577        margin-right:0in;
578        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
579        margin-left:0in;
580        mso-add-space:auto;
581        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
582        border:none;
583        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
584        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
585        padding:0in;
586        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
587        font-size:26.0pt;
588        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
589        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
590        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
591        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
592        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
593        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
594        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
595        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
596        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
597        color:#17365D;
598        mso-themecolor:text2;
599        mso-themeshade:191;
600        letter-spacing:.25pt;
601        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
602a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
603        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
604        mso-style-priority:99;
605        color:blue;
606        text-decoration:underline;
607        text-underline:single;}
608a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
609        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
610        mso-style-priority:99;
611        color:purple;
612        text-decoration:underline;
613        text-underline:single;}
614p.MsoDocumentMap, li.MsoDocumentMap, div.MsoDocumentMap
615        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
616        mso-style-priority:99;
617        mso-style-link:"Document Map Char";
618        margin:0in;
619        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
620        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
621        font-size:8.0pt;
622        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
623        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
624        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
625p
626        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
627        mso-style-priority:99;
628        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
629        margin-right:0in;
630        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
631        margin-left:0in;
632        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
633        font-size:12.0pt;
634        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
635        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
636        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
637pre
638        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
639        mso-style-priority:99;
640        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
641        margin:0in;
642        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
643        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
644        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
645        font-size:10.0pt;
646        font-family:"Courier New";
647        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
648p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
649        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
650        mso-style-priority:99;
651        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
652        margin:0in;
653        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
654        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
655        font-size:8.0pt;
656        font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif";
657        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
658        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
659span.MsoPlaceholderText
660        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
661        mso-style-priority:99;
662        mso-style-unhide:no;
663        color:gray;}
664p.MsoNoSpacing, li.MsoNoSpacing, div.MsoNoSpacing
665        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
666        mso-style-priority:1;
667        mso-style-unhide:no;
668        mso-style-qformat:yes;
669        mso-style-parent:"";
670        margin:0in;
671        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
672        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
673        font-size:12.0pt;
674        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
675        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
676        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
677p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
678        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
679        mso-style-priority:34;
680        mso-style-unhide:no;
681        mso-style-qformat:yes;
682        margin-top:0in;
683        margin-right:0in;
684        margin-bottom:0in;
685        margin-left:.5in;
686        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
687        mso-add-space:auto;
688        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
689        font-size:12.0pt;
690        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
691        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
692        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
693p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
694        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
695        mso-style-priority:34;
696        mso-style-unhide:no;
697        mso-style-qformat:yes;
698        mso-style-type:export-only;
699        margin-top:0in;
700        margin-right:0in;
701        margin-bottom:0in;
702        margin-left:.5in;
703        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
704        mso-add-space:auto;
705        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
706        font-size:12.0pt;
707        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
708        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
709        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
710p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
711        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
712        mso-style-priority:34;
713        mso-style-unhide:no;
714        mso-style-qformat:yes;
715        mso-style-type:export-only;
716        margin-top:0in;
717        margin-right:0in;
718        margin-bottom:0in;
719        margin-left:.5in;
720        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
721        mso-add-space:auto;
722        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
723        font-size:12.0pt;
724        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
725        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
726        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
727p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
728        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
729        mso-style-priority:34;
730        mso-style-unhide:no;
731        mso-style-qformat:yes;
732        mso-style-type:export-only;
733        margin-top:0in;
734        margin-right:0in;
735        margin-bottom:0in;
736        margin-left:.5in;
737        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
738        mso-add-space:auto;
739        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
740        font-size:12.0pt;
741        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
742        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
743        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
744span.MsoIntenseReference
745        {mso-style-priority:32;
746        mso-style-unhide:no;
747        mso-style-qformat:yes;
748        font-variant:small-caps;
749        color:#C0504D;
750        mso-themecolor:accent2;
751        letter-spacing:.25pt;
752        font-weight:bold;
753        text-decoration:underline;
754        text-underline:single;}
755span.Heading1Char
756        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
757        mso-style-priority:9;
758        mso-style-unhide:no;
759        mso-style-locked:yes;
760        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
761        mso-ansi-font-size:24.0pt;
762        mso-bidi-font-size:24.0pt;
763        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
764        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
765        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
766        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
767        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
768        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
769        mso-font-kerning:18.0pt;
770        font-weight:bold;}
771span.Heading2Char
772        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
773        mso-style-priority:9;
774        mso-style-unhide:no;
775        mso-style-locked:yes;
776        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
777        mso-ansi-font-size:18.0pt;
778        mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
779        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
780        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
781        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
782        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
783        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
784        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
785        font-weight:bold;}
786span.Heading3Char
787        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
788        mso-style-noshow:yes;
789        mso-style-priority:9;
790        mso-style-unhide:no;
791        mso-style-locked:yes;
792        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
793        mso-ansi-font-size:13.5pt;
794        mso-bidi-font-size:13.5pt;
795        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
796        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
797        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
798        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
799        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
800        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
801        font-weight:bold;}
802span.Heading4Char
803        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
804        mso-style-noshow:yes;
805        mso-style-priority:9;
806        mso-style-unhide:no;
807        mso-style-locked:yes;
808        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
809        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
810        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
811        font-family:"Cambria","serif";
812        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
813        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
814        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
815        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
816        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
817        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
818        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
819        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
820        color:#4F81BD;
821        mso-themecolor:accent1;
822        font-weight:bold;
823        font-style:italic;}
824span.Heading5Char
825        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
826        mso-style-noshow:yes;
827        mso-style-priority:9;
828        mso-style-unhide:no;
829        mso-style-locked:yes;
830        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
831        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
832        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
833        font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";
834        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
835        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
836        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
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966
967<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
968
969<div class=WordSection1>
970
971<h1>Integration of area detector data in GSAS-II</h1>
972
973<p class=MsoNormal>In this demo, data collected with a Perkin-Elmer area
974detector at APS 11-ID-C with a wavelength 0.10798 A, where the detector was
975intentionally tilted at 45 degrees, are used. Note that menu entries are listed
976in <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
977mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
978minor-latin'>bold face</span></b> below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
979style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
980mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help/About
981GSAS-II</span></b>, which lists first the name of the menu (here <b
982style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
983mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
984minor-latin'>Help</span></b>) and second the name of the entry in the menu
985(here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
986mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
987minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).</p>
988
989<h2>Prerequisite:<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span><a
990href="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS.htm">Calibration Demo</a></h2>
991
992<p class=MsoNormal>This assumes that an image data set has been read in and
993calibration results have been derived, see the <a
994href="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS.htm">Calibration Demo</a></p>
995
996<h2>Step 1: Clear calibration plot</h2>
997
998<p class=MsoNormal>Assuming the previous step was calibration, the image plot
999will show the located rings and possibly all the picked points. These are no
1000longer needed. The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1001style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1002mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image
1003Controls/Clear Calibration</span></b> menu entry removes these from the plot,
1004but<u> does not clear the calibration results</u>. Use of this menu item is not
1005required, but does speed future display of results. </p>
1006
1007<h2>Step 2: Integration Settings</h2>
1008
1009<p class=MsoNormal>In the simplest case, all that is needed is to click on the <b
1010style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1011mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1012minor-latin'>Do full integration?</span></b> <span class=GramE>check</span> box
1013and adjust the inner and outer 2-theta values with the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1014normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:
1015minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Inner
10162-theta</span></b> and<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> </b><b
1017style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1018mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1019minor-latin'>Outer 2-theta</span></b> controls. Change the limits to <b
1020style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1021mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1022minor-latin'>1</span></b> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1023style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1024mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>7</span></b>
1025for this data. Note that changes are displayed when numbers are placed in the
1026boxes only after pressing return or tab key or by clicking on some other item
1027in the window.</p>
1028
1029<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1030
1031<p class=MsoNormal>It is helpful to see the two-theta limits on the plot
1032visually, while adjusting the two-theta range. This is done by clicking on the <b
1033style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1034mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1035minor-latin'>Show integration limits?</span></b> <span class=GramE>check</span>
1036box. Note that inner limit is shown as a green ellipse at 2deg and the outer is
1037shown as a red ellipse at 5deg by default. These limits may also be dragged to
1038the desired values; a small popup window shows the value. </p>
1039
1040<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1041
1042<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype
1043 id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t"
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1046 <v:formulas>
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1051  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1052  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1053  <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/>
1054  <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/>
1055  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1056  <v:f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"/>
1057  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1058  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1059 </v:formulas>
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1065  o:title=""/>
1066</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=370
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1069
1070<h3>Other useful controls:</h3>
1071
1072<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1073style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1074mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Azimuth
1075offset</span></b>: The image vertical axis (from the beam center, going down)
1076is labeled with the azimuth value placed in the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1077normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:
1078minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Azimuth
1079offset</span></b> box. This is usually zero unless the image plate has been
1080rotated about its normal axis.</p>
1081
1082<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1083
1084<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1085style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1086mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Start/End
1087azimuth</span></b>: The integration is started at the Start azimuth angle in
1088the left box, and when the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1089style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1090mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Do full
1091integration?</span></b> <span class=GramE>checkbox</span> is not checked, the
1092integration will be run only to the maximum value specified. When the range is
1093less than 360 degrees, the integration range will be shown (if selected) with
1094the high and low limits plotted and only segments of the max and min ellipses
1095drawn. These limits may also be dragged on the plot to desired locations.</p>
1096
1097<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1098
1099<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1100style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1101mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Number of
11022-theta bins</span></b>: The resulting 1-D powder pattern after integration
1103will consist of this many points. This number should be on the order of the
1104number of pixels in one direction (since resolution cannot be much better than
1105this) or less, if instrumental resolution and sample broadening does not
1106require that many points. Some trial and error may be needed, but there should
1107more than 6 points across each peak full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM) in the
1108final pattern to be useful for further analysis.</p>
1109
1110<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1111
1112<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1113style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1114mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Number of
1115azimuth bins</span></b>: In cases where the diffraction experiment shows
1116changes as a function of azimuthal angle, the integration can be performed as a
1117function of angle. This number specifies the number of bins to use by azimuthal
1118angle. The process of breaking up the integration in this way is sometimes
1119called &quot;caking&quot; since the integration region grows with distance from
1120the beam-center, with a shape like a slice of cake or pie. When more than one
1121azimuthal bin is used, the regions are shown in the plot with dashed lines,
1122when the Show integration limits?&quot; check box is checked. </p>
1123
1124<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1125
1126<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1127style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1128mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Background
1129Image</span> </b>and<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'> </b><b
1130style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1131mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1132minor-latin'>Multiplier</span></b>: You can designate a previously read in
1133image as background which will then be used to modify each data image as they
1134are integrated. Note that the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1135style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1136mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Multiplier</span></b>
1137must be negative for it to be subtracted. Note that all images used in this way
1138must be exactly the same format (number of pixels &amp; pixel size).</p>
1139
1140<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1141
1142<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
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1144 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
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1146  o:title=""/>
1147</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
1148src="Integration%20of%20area%20detector%20data%20in%20GSAS_files/image004.png"
1149v:shapes="Picture_x0020_1"><![endif]></span></p>
1150
1151<h2>Step 3: Perform integration </h2>
1152
1153<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Use the <b
1154style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1155mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1156minor-latin'>Image Operations/Integrate</span></b> image data menu item to
1157start the integration. This will take at least a few seconds. If multiple
1158images have been read in, the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1159style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1160mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Integrate All</span></b>
1161menu item can be used. This is most useful when the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1162normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:
1163minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Use
1164as Default</span></b> option is in use for one image.</p>
1165
1166<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>At this point the
1167data tree window will have new entries as each azimuthal &quot;slice&quot;
1168added to the data tree as a powder pattern</p>
1169
1170<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1171
1172<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
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1176  o:title=""/>
1177</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=300 height=271
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1179v:shapes="Picture_x0020_3"><![endif]></span><span
1180style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1181
1182<p class=MsoNormal>Two plots are added to the plot window: One (with tab <b
1183style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";
1184mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1185minor-latin'>2D Integration</span></b>) shows the diffraction intensity as a function
1186of both 2-theta and (when there is more than one azimuthal integration region)
1187azimuthal angle.</p>
1188
1189<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1190
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1198v:shapes="Picture_x0020_4"><![endif]></span><span
1199style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1200
1201<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1202
1203<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE>and</span> a conventional 1-D powder
1204pattern(s) for each &quot;slice&quot;</p>
1205
1206<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1207
1208<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1209 id="Picture_x0020_5" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1210 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1211 <v:imagedata src="Integration%20of%20area%20detector%20data%20in%20GSAS_files/image007.png"
1212  o:title=""/>
1213</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1214src="Integration%20of%20area%20detector%20data%20in%20GSAS_files/image007.png"
1215v:shapes="Picture_x0020_5"><![endif]></span></p>
1216
1217<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1218
1219<p class=MsoNormal>Again you could save the project with <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1220normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:
1221minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>File/Save
1222project</span></b> on the main <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1223style='font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1224mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>GSAS-II data
1225tree</span></b> menu although it is not needed for any further tutorials.</p>
1226
1227<h2>Next demo: <a href="Fit%20Peaks.htm"><span style='color:windowtext;
1228text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'>Fit Peaks and <span class=SpellE>Autoindexing</span></span></a></h2>
1229
1230<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1231
1232</div>
1233
1234</body>
1235
1236</html>
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