source: Tutorials/Magnetic-II/Magnetic-II.htm @ 3627

Last change on this file since 3627 was 3627, checked in by vondreele, 3 years ago

new magnetic tutorial

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413  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
414  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
415  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
416  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/>
417  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Revision"/>
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425  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
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427  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
428  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
429  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
430  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
431  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
432  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
433  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
434  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
435  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
436  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
437  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
438  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
439  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
440  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
441  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
442  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
443  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
444  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
445  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
446  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
447  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
448  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
449  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
450  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
451  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
452  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
453  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
454  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
455  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
456  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
457  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
458  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
459  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
460  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
461  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
462  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
463  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
464  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
465  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
466  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
467  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
468  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
469  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
470  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
471  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
472  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
473  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
474  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
475  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
476  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
477  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
478  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
479  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
480  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
481  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
482  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
483  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
484  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
485  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
486  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
487  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
488  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
489  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
490  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
491  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
492  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
493  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
494  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
495  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
496  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
497  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
498  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
499  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
500  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
501  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true"
502   Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
503  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true"
504   Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
505  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true"
506   Name="Subtle Reference"/>
507  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true"
508   Name="Intense Reference"/>
509  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
510  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true"
511   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography"/>
512  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
513   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
514  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1"/>
515  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2"/>
516  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3"/>
517  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4"/>
518  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5"/>
519  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light"/>
520  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light"/>
521  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2"/>
522  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3"/>
523  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4"/>
524  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark"/>
525  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful"/>
526  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful"/>
527  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
528   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
529  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1"/>
530  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1"/>
531  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1"/>
532  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
533  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
534   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
535  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
536   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
537  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
538   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
539  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2"/>
540  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2"/>
541  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2"/>
542  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
543  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
544   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
545  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
546   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
547  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
548   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
549  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3"/>
550  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3"/>
551  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3"/>
552  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
553  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
554   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
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556   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
557  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
558   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
559  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 4"/>
560  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 4"/>
561  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 4"/>
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564   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
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569  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5"/>
570  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5"/>
571  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5"/>
572  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
573  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
574   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
575  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
576   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
577  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
578   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
579  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6"/>
580  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6"/>
581  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6"/>
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583  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
584   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
585  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
586   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
587  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light"/>
588  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2"/>
589  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3"/>
590  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4"/>
591  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark"/>
592  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful"/>
593  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful"/>
594  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
595   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
596  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1"/>
597  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1"/>
598  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1"/>
599  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
600  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
601   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
602  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
603   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
604  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
605   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
606  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2"/>
607  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2"/>
608  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2"/>
609  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
610  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
611   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
612  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
613   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
614  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
615   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
616  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3"/>
617  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3"/>
618  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3"/>
619  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
620  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
621   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
622  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
623   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
624  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
625   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
626  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 4"/>
627  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 4"/>
628  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 4"/>
629  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
630  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
631   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
632  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
633   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
634  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
635   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
636  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5"/>
637  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5"/>
638  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 5"/>
639  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
640  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
641   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
642  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
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644  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
645   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
646  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6"/>
647  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6"/>
648  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 6"/>
649  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
650  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
651   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
652  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
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783        mso-style-priority:99;
784        color:#954F72;
785        mso-themecolor:followedhyperlink;
786        text-decoration:underline;
787        text-underline:single;}
788p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
789        {mso-style-priority:34;
790        mso-style-unhide:no;
791        mso-style-qformat:yes;
792        margin-top:0in;
793        margin-right:0in;
794        margin-bottom:0in;
795        margin-left:.5in;
796        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
797        mso-add-space:auto;
798        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
799        font-size:12.0pt;
800        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
801        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
802        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
803p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
804        {mso-style-priority:34;
805        mso-style-unhide:no;
806        mso-style-qformat:yes;
807        mso-style-type:export-only;
808        margin-top:0in;
809        margin-right:0in;
810        margin-bottom:0in;
811        margin-left:.5in;
812        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
813        mso-add-space:auto;
814        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
815        font-size:12.0pt;
816        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
817        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
818        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
819p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
820        {mso-style-priority:34;
821        mso-style-unhide:no;
822        mso-style-qformat:yes;
823        mso-style-type:export-only;
824        margin-top:0in;
825        margin-right:0in;
826        margin-bottom:0in;
827        margin-left:.5in;
828        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
829        mso-add-space:auto;
830        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
831        font-size:12.0pt;
832        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
833        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
834        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
835p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
836        {mso-style-priority:34;
837        mso-style-unhide:no;
838        mso-style-qformat:yes;
839        mso-style-type:export-only;
840        margin-top:0in;
841        margin-right:0in;
842        margin-bottom:0in;
843        margin-left:.5in;
844        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
845        mso-add-space:auto;
846        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
847        font-size:12.0pt;
848        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
849        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
850        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
851span.Heading1Char
852        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
853        mso-style-priority:9;
854        mso-style-unhide:no;
855        mso-style-locked:yes;
856        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
857        mso-ansi-font-size:24.0pt;
858        mso-bidi-font-size:24.0pt;
859        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
860        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
861        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
862        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
863        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
864        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
865        mso-font-kerning:18.0pt;
866        font-weight:bold;}
867span.Heading2Char
868        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
869        mso-style-priority:9;
870        mso-style-unhide:no;
871        mso-style-locked:yes;
872        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
873        mso-ansi-font-size:18.0pt;
874        mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
875        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
876        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
877        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
878        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
879        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
880        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
881        font-weight:bold;}
882p.msonormal0, li.msonormal0, div.msonormal0
883        {mso-style-name:msonormal;
884        mso-style-unhide:no;
885        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
886        margin-right:0in;
887        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
888        margin-left:0in;
889        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
890        font-size:12.0pt;
891        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
892        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
893        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
894span.Heading3Char
895        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
896        mso-style-priority:9;
897        mso-style-unhide:no;
898        mso-style-locked:yes;
899        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
900        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
901        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
902        font-family:"Calibri Light",sans-serif;
903        mso-ascii-font-family:"Calibri Light";
904        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
905        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
906        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
907        mso-hansi-font-family:"Calibri Light";
908        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
909        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
910        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
911        color:#1F4D78;
912        mso-themecolor:accent1;
913        mso-themeshade:127;}
914span.Heading5Char
915        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
916        mso-style-noshow:yes;
917        mso-style-priority:9;
918        mso-style-unhide:no;
919        mso-style-locked:yes;
920        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
921        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
922        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
923        font-family:"Calibri Light",sans-serif;
924        mso-ascii-font-family:"Calibri Light";
925        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
926        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
927        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
928        mso-hansi-font-family:"Calibri Light";
929        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
930        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
931        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
932        color:#2E74B5;
933        mso-themecolor:accent1;
934        mso-themeshade:191;}
935span.SpellE
936        {mso-style-name:"";
937        mso-spl-e:yes;}
938span.GramE
939        {mso-style-name:"";
940        mso-gram-e:yes;}
941.MsoChpDefault
942        {mso-style-type:export-only;
943        mso-default-props:yes;
944        font-size:10.0pt;
945        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
946        mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;
947        font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
948        mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri;
949        mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
950        mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
951        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;
952        mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri;
953        mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
954        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
955        mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}
956@page WordSection1
957        {size:8.5in 11.0in;
958        margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in;
959        mso-header-margin:.5in;
960        mso-footer-margin:.5in;
961        mso-paper-source:0;}
962div.WordSection1
963        {page:WordSection1;}
964 /* List Definitions */
965 @list l0
966        {mso-list-id:15860155;
967        mso-list-type:hybrid;
968        mso-list-template-ids:234676978 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
969@list l0:level1
970        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
971        mso-level-number-position:left;
972        margin-left:.75in;
973        text-indent:-.25in;}
974@list l0:level2
975        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
976        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
977        mso-level-number-position:left;
978        margin-left:1.25in;
979        text-indent:-.25in;}
980@list l0:level3
981        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
982        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
983        mso-level-number-position:right;
984        margin-left:1.75in;
985        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
986@list l0:level4
987        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
988        mso-level-number-position:left;
989        margin-left:2.25in;
990        text-indent:-.25in;}
991@list l0:level5
992        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
993        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
994        mso-level-number-position:left;
995        margin-left:2.75in;
996        text-indent:-.25in;}
997@list l0:level6
998        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
999        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1000        mso-level-number-position:right;
1001        margin-left:3.25in;
1002        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1003@list l0:level7
1004        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1005        mso-level-number-position:left;
1006        margin-left:3.75in;
1007        text-indent:-.25in;}
1008@list l0:level8
1009        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1010        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1011        mso-level-number-position:left;
1012        margin-left:4.25in;
1013        text-indent:-.25in;}
1014@list l0:level9
1015        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1016        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1017        mso-level-number-position:right;
1018        margin-left:4.75in;
1019        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1020@list l1
1021        {mso-list-id:79370948;
1022        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1023        mso-list-template-ids:204767634 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1024@list l1:level1
1025        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1026        mso-level-number-position:left;
1027        text-indent:-.25in;}
1028@list l1:level2
1029        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1030        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1031        mso-level-number-position:left;
1032        text-indent:-.25in;}
1033@list l1:level3
1034        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1035        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1036        mso-level-number-position:right;
1037        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1038@list l1:level4
1039        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1040        mso-level-number-position:left;
1041        text-indent:-.25in;}
1042@list l1:level5
1043        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1044        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1045        mso-level-number-position:left;
1046        text-indent:-.25in;}
1047@list l1:level6
1048        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1049        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1050        mso-level-number-position:right;
1051        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1052@list l1:level7
1053        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1054        mso-level-number-position:left;
1055        text-indent:-.25in;}
1056@list l1:level8
1057        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1058        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1059        mso-level-number-position:left;
1060        text-indent:-.25in;}
1061@list l1:level9
1062        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1063        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1064        mso-level-number-position:right;
1065        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1066@list l2
1067        {mso-list-id:178472820;
1068        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1069        mso-list-template-ids:-196991500 -1909277668 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1070@list l2:level1
1071        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1072        mso-level-number-position:left;
1073        margin-left:.75in;
1074        text-indent:-.25in;}
1075@list l2:level2
1076        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1077        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1078        mso-level-number-position:left;
1079        margin-left:1.25in;
1080        text-indent:-.25in;}
1081@list l2:level3
1082        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1083        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1084        mso-level-number-position:right;
1085        margin-left:1.75in;
1086        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1087@list l2:level4
1088        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1089        mso-level-number-position:left;
1090        margin-left:2.25in;
1091        text-indent:-.25in;}
1092@list l2:level5
1093        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1094        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1095        mso-level-number-position:left;
1096        margin-left:2.75in;
1097        text-indent:-.25in;}
1098@list l2:level6
1099        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1100        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1101        mso-level-number-position:right;
1102        margin-left:3.25in;
1103        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1104@list l2:level7
1105        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1106        mso-level-number-position:left;
1107        margin-left:3.75in;
1108        text-indent:-.25in;}
1109@list l2:level8
1110        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1111        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1112        mso-level-number-position:left;
1113        margin-left:4.25in;
1114        text-indent:-.25in;}
1115@list l2:level9
1116        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1117        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1118        mso-level-number-position:right;
1119        margin-left:4.75in;
1120        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1121@list l3
1122        {mso-list-id:202911215;
1123        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1124        mso-list-template-ids:-373133466 -1909277668 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1125@list l3:level1
1126        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1127        mso-level-number-position:left;
1128        text-indent:-.25in;}
1129@list l3:level2
1130        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1131        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1132        mso-level-number-position:left;
1133        text-indent:-.25in;}
1134@list l3:level3
1135        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1136        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1137        mso-level-number-position:right;
1138        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1139@list l3:level4
1140        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1141        mso-level-number-position:left;
1142        text-indent:-.25in;}
1143@list l3:level5
1144        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1145        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1146        mso-level-number-position:left;
1147        text-indent:-.25in;}
1148@list l3:level6
1149        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1150        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1151        mso-level-number-position:right;
1152        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1153@list l3:level7
1154        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1155        mso-level-number-position:left;
1156        text-indent:-.25in;}
1157@list l3:level8
1158        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1159        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1160        mso-level-number-position:left;
1161        text-indent:-.25in;}
1162@list l3:level9
1163        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1164        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1165        mso-level-number-position:right;
1166        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1167@list l4
1168        {mso-list-id:324403712;
1169        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1170        mso-list-template-ids:-564249382 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1171@list l4:level1
1172        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1173        mso-level-number-position:left;
1174        margin-left:1.0in;
1175        text-indent:-.25in;}
1176@list l4:level2
1177        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1178        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1179        mso-level-number-position:left;
1180        margin-left:1.5in;
1181        text-indent:-.25in;}
1182@list l4:level3
1183        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1184        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1185        mso-level-number-position:right;
1186        margin-left:2.0in;
1187        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1188@list l4:level4
1189        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1190        mso-level-number-position:left;
1191        margin-left:2.5in;
1192        text-indent:-.25in;}
1193@list l4:level5
1194        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1195        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1196        mso-level-number-position:left;
1197        margin-left:3.0in;
1198        text-indent:-.25in;}
1199@list l4:level6
1200        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1201        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1202        mso-level-number-position:right;
1203        margin-left:3.5in;
1204        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1205@list l4:level7
1206        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1207        mso-level-number-position:left;
1208        margin-left:4.0in;
1209        text-indent:-.25in;}
1210@list l4:level8
1211        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1212        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1213        mso-level-number-position:left;
1214        margin-left:4.5in;
1215        text-indent:-.25in;}
1216@list l4:level9
1217        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1218        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1219        mso-level-number-position:right;
1220        margin-left:5.0in;
1221        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1222@list l5
1223        {mso-list-id:479426291;
1224        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1225        mso-list-template-ids:-161832190 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1226@list l5:level1
1227        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1228        mso-level-number-position:left;
1229        text-indent:-.25in;}
1230@list l5:level2
1231        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1232        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1233        mso-level-number-position:left;
1234        text-indent:-.25in;}
1235@list l5:level3
1236        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1237        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1238        mso-level-number-position:right;
1239        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1240@list l5:level4
1241        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1242        mso-level-number-position:left;
1243        text-indent:-.25in;}
1244@list l5:level5
1245        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1246        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1247        mso-level-number-position:left;
1248        text-indent:-.25in;}
1249@list l5:level6
1250        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1251        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1252        mso-level-number-position:right;
1253        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1254@list l5:level7
1255        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1256        mso-level-number-position:left;
1257        text-indent:-.25in;}
1258@list l5:level8
1259        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1260        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1261        mso-level-number-position:left;
1262        text-indent:-.25in;}
1263@list l5:level9
1264        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1265        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1266        mso-level-number-position:right;
1267        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1268@list l6
1269        {mso-list-id:528448950;
1270        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1271        mso-list-template-ids:332663908 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1272@list l6:level1
1273        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1274        mso-level-number-position:left;
1275        text-indent:-.25in;}
1276@list l6:level2
1277        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1278        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1279        mso-level-number-position:left;
1280        text-indent:-.25in;}
1281@list l6:level3
1282        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1283        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1284        mso-level-number-position:right;
1285        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1286@list l6:level4
1287        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1288        mso-level-number-position:left;
1289        text-indent:-.25in;}
1290@list l6:level5
1291        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1292        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1293        mso-level-number-position:left;
1294        text-indent:-.25in;}
1295@list l6:level6
1296        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1297        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1298        mso-level-number-position:right;
1299        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1300@list l6:level7
1301        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1302        mso-level-number-position:left;
1303        text-indent:-.25in;}
1304@list l6:level8
1305        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1306        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1307        mso-level-number-position:left;
1308        text-indent:-.25in;}
1309@list l6:level9
1310        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1311        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1312        mso-level-number-position:right;
1313        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1314@list l7
1315        {mso-list-id:608973138;
1316        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1317        mso-list-template-ids:-1449999034 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1318@list l7:level1
1319        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1320        mso-level-number-position:left;
1321        margin-left:.25in;
1322        text-indent:-.25in;}
1323@list l7:level2
1324        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1325        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1326        mso-level-number-position:left;
1327        margin-left:.75in;
1328        text-indent:-.25in;}
1329@list l7:level3
1330        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1331        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1332        mso-level-number-position:right;
1333        margin-left:1.25in;
1334        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1335@list l7:level4
1336        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1337        mso-level-number-position:left;
1338        margin-left:1.75in;
1339        text-indent:-.25in;}
1340@list l7:level5
1341        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1342        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1343        mso-level-number-position:left;
1344        margin-left:2.25in;
1345        text-indent:-.25in;}
1346@list l7:level6
1347        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1348        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1349        mso-level-number-position:right;
1350        margin-left:2.75in;
1351        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1352@list l7:level7
1353        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1354        mso-level-number-position:left;
1355        margin-left:3.25in;
1356        text-indent:-.25in;}
1357@list l7:level8
1358        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1359        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1360        mso-level-number-position:left;
1361        margin-left:3.75in;
1362        text-indent:-.25in;}
1363@list l7:level9
1364        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1365        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1366        mso-level-number-position:right;
1367        margin-left:4.25in;
1368        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1369@list l8
1370        {mso-list-id:974749577;
1371        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1372        mso-list-template-ids:-1793575708 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1373@list l8:level1
1374        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1375        mso-level-number-position:left;
1376        margin-left:.75in;
1377        text-indent:-.25in;}
1378@list l8:level2
1379        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1380        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1381        mso-level-number-position:left;
1382        margin-left:1.25in;
1383        text-indent:-.25in;}
1384@list l8:level3
1385        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1386        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1387        mso-level-number-position:right;
1388        margin-left:1.75in;
1389        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1390@list l8:level4
1391        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1392        mso-level-number-position:left;
1393        margin-left:2.25in;
1394        text-indent:-.25in;}
1395@list l8:level5
1396        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1397        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1398        mso-level-number-position:left;
1399        margin-left:2.75in;
1400        text-indent:-.25in;}
1401@list l8:level6
1402        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1403        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1404        mso-level-number-position:right;
1405        margin-left:3.25in;
1406        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1407@list l8:level7
1408        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1409        mso-level-number-position:left;
1410        margin-left:3.75in;
1411        text-indent:-.25in;}
1412@list l8:level8
1413        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1414        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1415        mso-level-number-position:left;
1416        margin-left:4.25in;
1417        text-indent:-.25in;}
1418@list l8:level9
1419        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1420        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1421        mso-level-number-position:right;
1422        margin-left:4.75in;
1423        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1424@list l9
1425        {mso-list-id:1048064912;
1426        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1427        mso-list-template-ids:114964210 -1909277668 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1428@list l9:level1
1429        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1430        mso-level-number-position:left;
1431        text-indent:-.25in;}
1432@list l9:level2
1433        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1434        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1435        mso-level-number-position:left;
1436        text-indent:-.25in;}
1437@list l9:level3
1438        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1439        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1440        mso-level-number-position:right;
1441        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1442@list l9:level4
1443        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1444        mso-level-number-position:left;
1445        text-indent:-.25in;}
1446@list l9:level5
1447        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1448        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1449        mso-level-number-position:left;
1450        text-indent:-.25in;}
1451@list l9:level6
1452        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1453        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1454        mso-level-number-position:right;
1455        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1456@list l9:level7
1457        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1458        mso-level-number-position:left;
1459        text-indent:-.25in;}
1460@list l9:level8
1461        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1462        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1463        mso-level-number-position:left;
1464        text-indent:-.25in;}
1465@list l9:level9
1466        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1467        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1468        mso-level-number-position:right;
1469        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1470@list l10
1471        {mso-list-id:1315649419;
1472        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1473        mso-list-template-ids:949666434 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1474@list l10:level1
1475        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1476        mso-level-number-position:left;
1477        text-indent:-.25in;}
1478@list l10:level2
1479        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1480        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1481        mso-level-number-position:left;
1482        text-indent:-.25in;}
1483@list l10:level3
1484        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1485        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1486        mso-level-number-position:right;
1487        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1488@list l10:level4
1489        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1490        mso-level-number-position:left;
1491        text-indent:-.25in;}
1492@list l10:level5
1493        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1494        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1495        mso-level-number-position:left;
1496        text-indent:-.25in;}
1497@list l10:level6
1498        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1499        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1500        mso-level-number-position:right;
1501        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1502@list l10:level7
1503        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1504        mso-level-number-position:left;
1505        text-indent:-.25in;}
1506@list l10:level8
1507        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1508        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1509        mso-level-number-position:left;
1510        text-indent:-.25in;}
1511@list l10:level9
1512        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1513        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1514        mso-level-number-position:right;
1515        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1516@list l11
1517        {mso-list-id:1441100642;
1518        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1519        mso-list-template-ids:2009885262 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1520@list l11:level1
1521        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1522        mso-level-number-position:left;
1523        margin-left:1.0in;
1524        text-indent:-.25in;}
1525@list l11:level2
1526        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1527        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1528        mso-level-number-position:left;
1529        margin-left:1.5in;
1530        text-indent:-.25in;}
1531@list l11:level3
1532        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1533        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1534        mso-level-number-position:right;
1535        margin-left:2.0in;
1536        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1537@list l11:level4
1538        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1539        mso-level-number-position:left;
1540        margin-left:2.5in;
1541        text-indent:-.25in;}
1542@list l11:level5
1543        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1544        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1545        mso-level-number-position:left;
1546        margin-left:3.0in;
1547        text-indent:-.25in;}
1548@list l11:level6
1549        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1550        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1551        mso-level-number-position:right;
1552        margin-left:3.5in;
1553        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1554@list l11:level7
1555        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1556        mso-level-number-position:left;
1557        margin-left:4.0in;
1558        text-indent:-.25in;}
1559@list l11:level8
1560        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1561        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1562        mso-level-number-position:left;
1563        margin-left:4.5in;
1564        text-indent:-.25in;}
1565@list l11:level9
1566        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1567        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1568        mso-level-number-position:right;
1569        margin-left:5.0in;
1570        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1571@list l12
1572        {mso-list-id:1809937513;
1573        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1574        mso-list-template-ids:1151263862 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1575@list l12:level1
1576        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1577        mso-level-number-position:left;
1578        margin-left:1.0in;
1579        text-indent:-.25in;}
1580@list l12:level2
1581        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1582        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1583        mso-level-number-position:left;
1584        margin-left:1.5in;
1585        text-indent:-.25in;}
1586@list l12:level3
1587        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1588        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1589        mso-level-number-position:right;
1590        margin-left:2.0in;
1591        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1592@list l12:level4
1593        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1594        mso-level-number-position:left;
1595        margin-left:2.5in;
1596        text-indent:-.25in;}
1597@list l12:level5
1598        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1599        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1600        mso-level-number-position:left;
1601        margin-left:3.0in;
1602        text-indent:-.25in;}
1603@list l12:level6
1604        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1605        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1606        mso-level-number-position:right;
1607        margin-left:3.5in;
1608        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1609@list l12:level7
1610        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1611        mso-level-number-position:left;
1612        margin-left:4.0in;
1613        text-indent:-.25in;}
1614@list l12:level8
1615        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1616        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1617        mso-level-number-position:left;
1618        margin-left:4.5in;
1619        text-indent:-.25in;}
1620@list l12:level9
1621        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1622        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1623        mso-level-number-position:right;
1624        margin-left:5.0in;
1625        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1626@list l13
1627        {mso-list-id:1907304903;
1628        mso-list-type:hybrid;
1629        mso-list-template-ids:-922946780 -32725316 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715 67698703 67698713 67698715;}
1630@list l13:level1
1631        {mso-level-start-at:2;
1632        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1633        mso-level-number-position:left;
1634        text-indent:-.25in;}
1635@list l13:level2
1636        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1637        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1638        mso-level-number-position:left;
1639        text-indent:-.25in;}
1640@list l13:level3
1641        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1642        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1643        mso-level-number-position:right;
1644        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1645@list l13:level4
1646        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1647        mso-level-number-position:left;
1648        text-indent:-.25in;}
1649@list l13:level5
1650        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1651        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1652        mso-level-number-position:left;
1653        text-indent:-.25in;}
1654@list l13:level6
1655        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1656        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1657        mso-level-number-position:right;
1658        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1659@list l13:level7
1660        {mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1661        mso-level-number-position:left;
1662        text-indent:-.25in;}
1663@list l13:level8
1664        {mso-level-number-format:alpha-lower;
1665        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1666        mso-level-number-position:left;
1667        text-indent:-.25in;}
1668@list l13:level9
1669        {mso-level-number-format:roman-lower;
1670        mso-level-tab-stop:none;
1671        mso-level-number-position:right;
1672        text-indent:-9.0pt;}
1673ol
1674        {margin-bottom:0in;}
1675ul
1676        {margin-bottom:0in;}
1677-->
1678</style>
1679<!--[if gte mso 10]>
1680<style>
1681 /* Style Definitions */
1682 table.MsoNormalTable
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1708</head>
1709
1710<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink="#954F72" style='tab-interval:.5in'>
1711
1712<div class=WordSection1>
1713
1714<h1>Magnetic Structures in GSAS-II – II</h1>
1715
1716<h2>Introduction</h2>
1717
1718<p class=MsoNormal>In this and subsequent tutorials, we will show how GSAS-II
1719makes use of the Bilbao crystallographic server (<a
1720href="http://www.cryst.ehu.es/">www.cryst.ehu.es/</a>) <i style='mso-bidi-font-style:
1721normal'>Magnetic Symmetry and Applications</i> routine k-SUBGROUPSMAG (<a
1722href="http://iopscience.iop.org/0953-8984/28/28/286001"><span style='font-size:
172310.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>Perez-<span class=SpellE>Mato</span>,
1724JM; <span class=SpellE>Gallego</span>, SV; <span class=SpellE>Elcoro</span>, L;
1725<span class=SpellE>Tasci</span>, E and <span class=SpellE>Aroyo</span>, MI</span><span
1726style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:windowtext;
1727text-decoration:none;text-underline:none'><br>
1728</span><i><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'>J. of
1729Phys.: <span class=SpellE>Condens</span> Matter</span></i><span
1730style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Arial",sans-serif'> (2016), <b>28</b>:28601</span></a>)
1731to determine magnetic crystal structures. If you have not done so already, you
1732may wish to do the Simple Magnetic Structures tutorial first as it contains
1733some background information that will not be covered here. To make this work,
1734your computer must have an internet connection for GSAS-II to access this site.
1735(We will supply the project file that results after k-SUBGROUPSMAG is called in
1736case you lack internet access)</p>
1737
1738<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1739
1740<p class=MsoNormal>In this example, we will determine the magnetic structure
1741for Cr2WO6 from neutron data taken on HB2A at the HIFR Oak Ridge National
1742Laboratory at 4K and &#955;=2.4067Å. The material begins to order <span
1743class=SpellE>antiferromagnetically</span> at ~90K and becomes apparently fully
1744ordered at ~30K. We also have a data set taken with the sample at 150K which
1745can be used to get a refinement of the chemical structure beforehand. The
1746chemical structure is P4<sub>2</sub>/<span class=SpellE>mnm</span> with
1747a=4.58328 Å and c=8.85289 Å. As we will see, in this <span class=SpellE>cae</span>
1748the magnetic space group is a subgroup of the parent chemical one but is
1749orthorhombic and not tetragonal like the parent. We will use <span
1750class=SpellE>k_SUBGROUPSMAG</span> to help sort this out.</p>
1751
1752<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1753
1754<p class=MsoNormal>If you have not done so already, start GSAS-II (make sure
1755about the internet connection!).</p>
1756
1757<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1758
1759<h2>Refining the 150K structure</h2>
1760
1761<h3>Step 1. Read in the data file</h3>
1762
1763<p class=MsoListParagraph style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:auto;
1764text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1765style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1766style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Use
1767the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1768mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1769minor-latin'>Import/Powder Data/from TOPAS <span class=SpellE>xye</span> or
1770Fit2D chi file</span></b> menu item to read the data file into the current
1771GSAS-II project. This read option is set to read the <span class=SpellE><b
1772style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1773mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1774minor-latin'>xye</span></b></span> format (angles in degrees) used by <span
1775class=SpellE>Topas</span>, etc.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>Because
1776you used <span style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:
1777minor-latin'>the </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1778style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1779mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1780minor-latin'>Help/Download tutorial</span></b><span style='mso-fareast-font-family:
1781Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'> menu entry to open this page and
1782downloaded the exercise files (recommended), then the </span><b
1783style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1784mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:
1785minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Magnetic-II/data/...</span></b><span
1786style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'>
1787entry will bring you to the location where the files have been downloaded. (It
1788is also possible to download them manually from <a
1789href="https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/pyGSAS/Tutorials/Magnetic-II/data/">https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/pyGSAS/Tutorials/Magnetic-II/data/</a>.
1790In this case you will need to navigate to the download location manually.)<br>
1791For this tutorial you will not see the data file in the file browser, because
1792the extensions on data file is not the expected ones, you will need to change
1793the file type to </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1794style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1795mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1796minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>All files (*.*)</span></b><span
1797style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'> to
1798find the desired file.</span><o:p></o:p></p>
1799
1800<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1801
1802<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:auto;
1803text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1804style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1805style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Select
1806the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1807mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1808minor-latin'>Cr2WO6_T150K.dat</span></b><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1809mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1810minor-latin'> data</span> file in the first dialog and press <b
1811style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1812mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1813minor-latin'>Open</span></b>. There will be a Dialog box asking <span
1814class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1815"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1816minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Is</span></b></span><b
1817style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1818mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1819minor-latin'> this the file you want?</span></b> Press <span class=GramE><b
1820style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1821mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1822minor-latin'>Yes</span></b></span> button to proceed.<o:p></o:p></p>
1823
1824<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:
1825auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l7 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span
1826style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1827style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Since
1828this data file does not define an instrument parameter file, a file dialog will
1829appear for you to select the correct instrument parameter file. Select <b
1830style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1831mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1832minor-latin'>Cr2WO6_T4K_dat.prm</span></b>; you may have to change the file
1833type in the file selection Dialog box to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1834style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1835mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>GSAS <span
1836class=SpellE>iparm</span> file</span></b> to see it. At this point the <b
1837style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1838mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1839minor-latin'>GSAS-II data tree</span></b> window will have several entries </p>
1840
1841<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:auto'><span
1842style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype id="_x0000_t75"
1843 coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe"
1844 filled="f" stroked="f">
1845 <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/>
1846 <v:formulas>
1847  <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/>
1848  <v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"/>
1849  <v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"/>
1850  <v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"/>
1851  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1852  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1853  <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/>
1854  <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/>
1855  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1856  <v:f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"/>
1857  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1858  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1859 </v:formulas>
1860 <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/>
1861 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
1862</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_1" o:spid="_x0000_i1062" type="#_x0000_t75"
1863 style='width:339.75pt;height:222.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1864 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image001.png" o:title=""/>
1865</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=453 height=297
1866src="Magnetic-II_files/image007.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_1"><![endif]></span></p>
1867
1868<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE>and</span> the plot window will show the
1869powder pattern<o:p></o:p></p>
1870
1871<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:auto'><span
1872style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_2"
1873 o:spid="_x0000_i1061" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:341.25pt;height:348.75pt;
1874 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1875 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image003.png" o:title=""/>
1876</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=455 height=465
1877src="Magnetic-II_files/image008.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_2"><![endif]></span></p>
1878
1879<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:auto'>We
1880will leave the limits alone for this purpose.</p>
1881
1882<h3>Step 2. Read in the chemical structure for Cr2WO6</h3>
1883
1884<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:auto;
1885text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1886style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
1887style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Use
1888the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1889mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1890minor-latin'>Import/Phase/from CIF file</span></b> menu item to read the phase
1891information for CrWO6 into the current GSAS-II project. This read option is set
1892to read Crystallographic Information Files (CIF). Other submenu items will read
1893phase information in other formats.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> 
1894</span>Because you used <span style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
1895mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'>the </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1896normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1897minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;
1898mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help/Download tutorial</span></b><span
1899style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'> menu
1900entry to open this page and downloaded the exercise files (recommended), then
1901the </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1902"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:
1903Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Magnetic-II/data/...</span></b><span
1904style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'>
1905entry will bring you to the location where the files have been downloaded. (It
1906is also possible to download them manually from <a
1907href="https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/pyGSAS/Tutorials/Magnetic-II/data/">https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/pyGSAS/Tutorials/Magnetic-II/data/</a>.
1908In this case you will need to navigate to the download location manually.)</span><o:p></o:p></p>
1909
1910<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:
1911auto;text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1912style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
1913style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Select
1914the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1915mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1916minor-latin'>Cr2WO6.cif</span></b><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1917mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1918minor-latin'> data</span> file in the first dialog and press <b
1919style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1920mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1921minor-latin'>Open</span></b>. There will be a Dialog box asking <span
1922class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1923"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1924minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Is</span></b></span><b
1925style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1926mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1927minor-latin'> this the file you want?</span></b> Press <span class=GramE><b
1928style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1929mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1930minor-latin'>Yes</span></b></span> button to proceed. You will get the
1931opportunity to change the phase name next (I took out the spaces!); press <b
1932style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1933mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1934minor-latin'>OK</span></b> to continue.<o:p></o:p></p>
1935
1936<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:auto;
1937text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l8 level1 lfo2'><![if !supportLists]><span
1938style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
1939style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Next
1940is the histogram selection window; this connects the phase to the data so it
1941can be used in subsequent calculations.<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'> </span>Select
1942the histogram (or press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1943style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1944mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set All</span></b>)
1945and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1946mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1947minor-latin'>OK</span></b>. The General tab for the phase is shown next<br>
1948<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_3"
1949 o:spid="_x0000_i1060" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:342.75pt;height:177pt;
1950 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1951 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image005.png" o:title=""/>
1952</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=457 height=236
1953src="Magnetic-II_files/image009.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_3"><![endif]></span><o:p></o:p></p>
1954
1955<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1956
1957<h3>Step 3. Structure refinement</h3>
1958
1959<p class=MsoNormal>We are now ready for initial refinement of scale and
1960background. Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1961"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1962minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b> from
1963the main menu; a File Selection dialog will appear wanting a file name for your
1964project. I used <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1965"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1966minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Cr2WO6 150K</span></b>; the
1967refinement proceeded quickly. The fit is quite poor (<span class=SpellE>wR</span>
1968~46%), mostly from bad peak positions. This is a combination of lattice parameters
1969being smaller at 150K vs room temperature and sample placement on the
1970goniometer. Find the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1971style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1972mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample
1973Parameters</span></b> entry in the tree change the goniometer radius to <b
1974style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1975mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1976minor-latin'>1000</span></b> and set the refinement boxes for <b
1977style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1978mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1979minor-latin'>Sample X &amp; <span class=SpellE>Ydispl</span>.</span></b> Then
1980go to the Cr2WO6 phase and set the lattice parameter refinement. Do <b
1981style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1982mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1983minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b>; the residual will be much improved (<span
1984class=SpellE>wR</span>=12.9%). Interestingly, the sample position is displaced
1985by ~ -5.9mm along the X-direction &amp; ~ -1.8mm in the Y-direction. Finally,
1986go to the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1987mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1988minor-latin'>Atoms</span></b> tab and set refinement flags X &amp; U for all
1989atoms. Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1990mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1991minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b>; the residual will be a bit better (<span
1992class=SpellE>wR</span> = 11.69%). We are done with this step; <span
1993class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1994"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1995minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Save</span></b></span> the project
1996&amp; close GSAS-II; we will use this phase information for the magnetic
1997structure study.</p>
1998
1999<h2>The magnetic structure of Cr<sub>2</sub>WO<sub>6</sub></h2>
2000
2001<h3>Step 1. Read in the data file</h3>
2002
2003<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
2004style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2005style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><i
2006style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>Use the </i><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2007normal'><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2008mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2009minor-latin'>Import/Powder Data/from TOPAS <span class=SpellE>xye</span> or
2010Fit2D chi file</span></i></b><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'> menu item
2011to read the</i> data file into the current GSAS-II project. This read option is
2012set to read the powder data format used by <span class=SpellE>Topas</span>,
2013etc.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>Because you used <span
2014style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'>the </span><b
2015style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2016mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:
2017minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help/Download tutorial</span></b><span
2018style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'>
2019menu entry to open this page and downloaded the exercise files (recommended),
2020then the </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
2021"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-fareast-font-family:
2022Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Magnetic-II/data/...</span></b><span
2023style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'>
2024entry will bring you to the location where the files have been downloaded. (It
2025is also possible to download them manually from <a
2026href="https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/pyGSAS/Tutorials/Magnetic-II/data/">https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/pyGSAS/Tutorials/Magnetic-II/data/</a>.
2027In this case you will need to navigate to the download location manually.)<br>
2028For this tutorial you will not see the data file in the file browser, because the
2029extensions on data files are not the expected ones, you will need to change the
2030file type to </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2031style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2032mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
2033minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>All files (*.*)</span></b><span
2034style='mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin'> to
2035find the desired file.</span><o:p></o:p></p>
2036
2037<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
2038style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2039style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Select
2040the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2041mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2042minor-latin'>Cr2WO6_T4K.dat</span></b><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2043mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2044minor-latin'> data</span> file in the first dialog and press <b
2045style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2046mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2047minor-latin'>Open</span></b>. There will be a Dialog box asking <span
2048class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
2049"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
2050minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Is</span></b></span><b
2051style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2052mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2053minor-latin'> this the file you want?</span></b> Press <span class=GramE><b
2054style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2055mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2056minor-latin'>Yes</span></b></span> button to proceed.<o:p></o:p></p>
2057
2058<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l5 level1 lfo4'><![if !supportLists]><span
2059style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2060style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Since
2061this data file does not define an instrument parameter file, a file dialog will
2062appear for you to select the correct instrument parameter file. Select <b
2063style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2064mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2065minor-latin'>Cr2WO6_T4K_dat.prm</span></b>; you may have to change the file
2066type in the file selection Dialog box to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2067style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2068mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>GSAS <span
2069class=SpellE>iparm</span> file</span></b> to see it. At this point the <b
2070style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2071mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2072minor-latin'>GSAS-II data tree</span></b> window will have several entries <o:p></o:p></p>
2073
2074<h3><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_4"
2075 o:spid="_x0000_i1059" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:359.25pt;height:226.5pt;
2076 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2077 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image010.png" o:title=""/>
2078</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=479 height=302
2079src="Magnetic-II_files/image011.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_4"><![endif]></span></h3>
2080
2081<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE>and</span> the plot window will show the
2082powder pattern</p>
2083
2084<h3><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_5"
2085 o:spid="_x0000_i1058" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:360.75pt;height:369pt;
2086 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2087 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image012.png" o:title=""/>
2088</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=481 height=492
2089src="Magnetic-II_files/image013.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_5"><![endif]></span></h3>
2090
2091<p class=MsoNormal>We will use the default limits.<o:p></o:p></p>
2092
2093<h3>Step 2. Read in the chemical structure for Cr2WO6<o:p></o:p></h3>
2094
2095<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2096style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2097style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Use
2098the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2099mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2100minor-latin'>Import/Phase/from GSAS-II <span class=SpellE>gpx</span> file</span></b>
2101menu item to read the phase information for CrWO6 into the current GSAS-II
2102project. The file you want is the one from the 1<sup>st</sup> part of this
2103tutorial and should be in your current directory. This read option is set to read
2104from other GSAS-II project files. Other submenu items can read phase
2105information in other formats.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span><o:p></o:p></p>
2106
2107<p class=MsoListParagraphCxSpLast style='margin-left:.25in;mso-add-space:auto;
2108text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l3 level1 lfo7'><![if !supportLists]><span
2109style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2110style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Select
2111the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2112mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2113minor-latin'>Cr2WO6 150K.gpx</span></b><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2114mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2115minor-latin'> data</span> file in the first dialog and press <b
2116style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2117mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2118minor-latin'>Open</span></b>. There will be a Dialog box asking <span
2119class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
2120"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
2121minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Is</span></b></span><b
2122style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2123mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2124minor-latin'> this the file you want?</span></b> Press <span class=GramE><b
2125style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2126mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2127minor-latin'>Yes</span></b></span> button to proceed. You will get the
2128opportunity to change the phase name next; press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2129normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2130minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>
2131to continue.<o:p></o:p></p>
2132
2133<p class=MsoNormal>Next is the histogram selection window; this connects the
2134phase to the data so it can be used in subsequent calculations.<span
2135style='mso-no-proof:yes'> </span>Select the histogram (or press <b
2136style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2137mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2138minor-latin'>Set All</span></b>) and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2139style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2140mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>.
2141The General tab for the phase is shown next<br>
2142<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_7"
2143 o:spid="_x0000_i1057" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:362.25pt;height:228pt;
2144 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2145 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image014.png" o:title=""/>
2146</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=483 height=304
2147src="Magnetic-II_files/image015.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_7"><![endif]></span></p>
2148
2149<h3>Step 3. Check powder pattern indexing<o:p></o:p></h3>
2150
2151<p class=MsoNormal>Here the objective is to determine how the reflection
2152positions generated from the chemical (“nuclear”) crystal structure lattice
2153match up with the peaks observed for this antiferromagnet. <o:p></o:p></p>
2154
2155<p class=MsoListParagraph style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l9 level1 lfo9'><![if !supportLists]><span
2156style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span
2157style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Select
2158<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2159mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2160minor-latin'>Unit Cells List</span></b> from the tree entries under the
2161histogram (begins with PWDR); the Indexing controls will be shown<br>
2162<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_8"
2163 o:spid="_x0000_i1056" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:323.25pt;height:111pt;
2164 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2165 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image016.png" o:title=""/>
2166</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=431 height=148
2167src="Magnetic-II_files/image017.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_8"><![endif]></span></p>
2168
2169<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>This can be use lattice parameters
2170&amp; space groups to generate expected reflection positions to check against
2171the peaks in the powder pattern. <o:p></o:p></p>
2172
2173<p class=MsoListParagraph style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
2174style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span
2175style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>One
2176could then enter <span class=SpellE>Bravais</span> lattice, choose space group
2177&amp; enter lattice parameters by hand, but the easy way is to use the chemical
2178lattice directly. Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2179style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2180mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Cell
2181Index/Refine/Load Cell</span></b> from the menu; a Phase selection box will
2182appear with only one choice (<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2183style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2184mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Cr2WO6</span></b>).
2185This was taken from the Phases present in this project; there could be more
2186than one depending on what you loaded/created earlier. The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2187normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2188minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Import</span></b>
2189menu item allows you to get lattice information from any one of the other phase
2190containing files known to GSAS-II. Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2191style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2192mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>
2193and the Indexing controls will be change<br>
2194<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_9"
2195 o:spid="_x0000_i1055" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:335.25pt;height:114pt;
2196 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2197 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image018.png" o:title=""/>
2198</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=447 height=152
2199src="Magnetic-II_files/image019.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_9"><![endif]></span></p>
2200
2201<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span class=GramE>showing</span>
2202the lattice constants for Cr<sub>2</sub>WO<sub>6</sub> you had obtained from
2203the <span class=SpellE>gpx</span> file and the powder pattern will change
2204showing the lines for P 4<sub>2</sub>/m n m and the LaMnO<sub>3</sub> lattice
2205parameters. Change the space group to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2206style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2207mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>P 4/m <span
2208class=SpellE>m</span> <span class=SpellE>m</span></span></b>; the plot will
2209change showing the new lines.</p>
2210
2211<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2212 id="Picture_x0020_10" o:spid="_x0000_i1054" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:324pt;
2213 height:331.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2214 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image020.png" o:title=""/>
2215</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=432 height=442
2216src="Magnetic-II_files/image021.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_10"><![endif]></span></p>
2217
2218<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:.5in'>Notice that every peak (apart from
2219some junk!) is indexed, especially the intense lowest angle peak. Put the
2220cursor on it to identify it (001) as that will be useful in selecting possible
2221magnetic structures. In this case ones with only <span class=SpellE>mz</span>
2222allowed by symmetry are not the correct ones. No doubling of the unit cell
2223along any axes is needed, this makes the magnetic propagation vector, <span
2224class=SpellE>kx</span> <span class=SpellE>ky</span> <span class=SpellE>kz</span>
2225= 0<span class=GramE>,0,0</span>; this will be needed in the next step.<o:p></o:p></p>
2226
2227<p class=MsoListParagraph style='text-indent:-.25in;mso-list:l13 level1 lfo14'><![if !supportLists]><span
2228style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span
2229style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Reset
2230the space group back to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2231style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2232mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>P 42/m n m</span></b>
2233<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2234mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2235minor-latin'>(VERY IMPORTANT!)</span></b> you may do a <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2236normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2237minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Load
2238Cell</span></b> again if you wish).</p>
2239
2240<h3>Step 4. Run k-SUBGROUPSMAG<o:p></o:p></h3>
2241
2242<p class=MsoNormal>In this next step, you will be accessing the Bilbao
2243crystallographic server so you must be connected to the internet. In the Cell
2244Index/Refine menu select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2245style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2246mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Run
2247k-SUBGROUPSMAG</span></b>; a small popup dialog will appear<o:p></o:p></p>
2248
2249<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2250 id="Picture_x0020_11" o:spid="_x0000_i1053" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:166.5pt;
2251 height:278.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2252 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image022.png" o:title=""/>
2253</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=222 height=371
2254src="Magnetic-II_files/image022.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_11"><![endif]></span></p>
2255
2256<p class=MsoNormal>These are the controls for running the Bilbao routine. The
2257space group is taken from the Space Group entry on the Unit Cells window. Since
2258we did not discover any cell doubling, leave the <span class=SpellE>kx</span> <span
2259class=SpellE><span class=GramE>ky</span></span> <span class=SpellE>kz</span>
2260entries as they are. Do select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2261style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2262mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Cr+3</span></b>
2263from the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2264mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2265minor-latin'>test for mag. atoms</span></b> pulldown as that will restrict the
2266models to those with a nonzero magnetic moment on the Cr atoms. We will discuss
2267the other options in another tutorial. Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2268normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2269minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Ok</span></b>.
2270A popup dialog will appear reminding you how to cite the Bilbao routine in any
2271paper you write using this facility.<o:p></o:p></p>
2272
2273<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2274 id="_x0000_i1052" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:357.75pt;height:123.75pt;
2275 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2276 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image023.png" o:title=""/>
2277</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=477 height=165
2278src="Magnetic-II_files/image024.png" v:shapes="_x0000_i1052"><![endif]></span><o:p></o:p></p>
2279
2280<p class=MsoNormal>Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2281style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2282mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Ok</span></b>,
2283the nag note will also appear on the console and after a pause, the console
2284will show “request OK” indicating that the Bilbao site has responded with some
2285results. GSAS-II will next display a File Dialog asking for a project name to
2286save this project; change the directory to a useful place for your work on this
2287tutorial and give the project a name; I used <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2288normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2289minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Cr2WO6
22904K.<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
2291
2292<p class=MsoNormal>The GSAS-II data window will display the results from
2293k-SUBGROUPSMAG. (If k-SUBGROUPSMAG failed because you lack internet access,
2294this file is located in the same location as the powder data and <span
2295class=SpellE>cif</span> files used above were found. Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2296normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2297minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>File/Open
2298Project</span></b> from the main menu to access it as “<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2299normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2300minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Cr2WO6
23014K.gpx</span></b>”).<o:p></o:p></p>
2302
2303<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2304 id="Picture_x0020_13" o:spid="_x0000_i1051" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:358.5pt;
2305 height:328.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2306 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image025.png" o:title=""/>
2307</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=478 height=438
2308src="Magnetic-II_files/image026.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_13"><![endif]></span></p>
2309
2310<p class=MsoNormal>The table shows all the magnetic space groups that are
2311possible starting with P 4<sub>2</sub>/m n m and zero propagation vector; this
2312is noted in the table heading. Notice that it goes all the way to a triclinic
2313P1 magnetic space group; you probably will never need to go that far to find a
2314suitable magnetic space group. The ones marked ‘Keep’ have a possibly magnetic Cr
2315atom based on the magnetic site symmetries of the transformed atom positions
2316(there may be more than one). Each entry also shows the transformation matrix
2317in symbolic form and the necessary origin shift so that the new structure is
2318properly positioned to satisfy the new space group. There are almost 90 entries
2319in this table; one of them is the correct one so we have some searching to do.</p>
2320
2321<h3>Step 5. Checking indexing</h3>
2322
2323<p class=MsoNormal>The process here is simple (if a bit tedious); simply select
2324try for any row marked Keep. If the calculated pattern doesn’t index the peaks
2325(especially the 1<sup>st</sup> one), <span class=SpellE>unKeep</span> it and
2326try the next one. Go at least as far as the 62<sup>th</sup> row which covers
2327the tetragonal and orthorhombic space groups.</p>
2328
2329<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2330 id="Picture_x0020_14" o:spid="_x0000_i1050" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:358.5pt;
2331 height:328.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2332 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image027.png" o:title=""/>
2333</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=478 height=438
2334src="Magnetic-II_files/image028.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14"><![endif]></span></p>
2335
2336<p class=MsoNormal>There are only 4 tetragonal ones and ~20 orthorhombic ones.
2337Most likely, the correct one will have only one Cr atom position with m<sub>x</sub>
2338and/or m<sub>y</sub> moments allowed; no solutions with just <span
2339class=SpellE>m<sub>z</sub></span> are permitted because the 001 reflection is
2340strong. To find the correct one we have to try to create magnetic phases for
2341each examining the Cr atom moments with this criteria.</p>
2342
2343<h3>Step 6. Select 1<sup>st</sup> magnetic structure</h3>
2344
2345<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Select the <b
2346style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2347mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2348minor-latin'>Cr2WO6</span></b> phase from the GSAS-II data tree (under Phases).
2349The General tab is shown for this nuclear phase.<o:p></o:p></p>
2350
2351<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2352 id="Picture_x0020_15" o:spid="_x0000_i1049" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:357.75pt;
2353 height:226.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2354 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image029.png" o:title=""/>
2355</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=477 height=302
2356src="Magnetic-II_files/image030.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_15"><![endif]></span></p>
2357
2358<p class=MsoNormal>Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2359style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2360mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Compute/Select
2361magnetic phase</span></b>; that will make a small popup dialog<o:p></o:p></p>
2362
2363<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2364 id="Picture_x0020_16" o:spid="_x0000_i1048" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:210pt;
2365 height:222.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2366 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image031.png" o:title=""/>
2367</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=280 height=297
2368src="Magnetic-II_files/image031.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_16"><![endif]></span></p>
2369
2370<p class=MsoNormal>This shows all magnetic phases that were marked Keep in the
2371Unit Cells List; for each you see the transformation and vector (occasionally
2372two results will have the same space group but are different translations).
2373Select the 1<sup>st</sup> one and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2374style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2375mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>;
2376a new popup dialog will appear.</p>
2377
2378<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2379 id="Picture_x0020_17" o:spid="_x0000_i1047" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:297pt;
2380 height:108pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2381 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image032.png" o:title=""/>
2382</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=396 height=144
2383src="Magnetic-II_files/image032.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_17"><![endif]></span></p>
2384
2385<p class=MsoNormal>This solution only allows moments on two Cr atoms to be
2386along z; this was not allowed because of the strong 001 reflection. Press <b
2387style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2388mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2389minor-latin'>Delete</span></b>; it will be marked <span class=SpellE>unKeep</span>
2390in the Unit Cell List (it will not be removed from the list). Try the next one
2391and keep repeating this until a structure is found that is plausible (#34 <span
2392class=SpellE>Cmm’m</span>’ has <span class=SpellE>Mx</span> moment components);
2393press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2394mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2395minor-latin'>No</span></b> since it has 2 Cr positions and we’d like to find
2396one with just one Cr atom. Pressing No leaves the Keep designation alone (do
2397keep track of where you are so you don’t keep trying it again) in case we want
2398to go back to it. A few more tests and you will reach #40 P <span class=SpellE>n’nm</span>’
2399which has <span class=SpellE>Mx</span> &amp; My allowed moments on a single Cr
2400atom. Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
2401"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
2402minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Yes</span></b>. The project will
2403be saved first, then a file dialog box will appear offering a project name for
2404this magnetic structure. It is named with the number from the space group list;
2405press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2406mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2407minor-latin'>Save.</span></b> The new project will be opened to the General tab
2408for <span class=SpellE>Pn’nm</span>’ magnetic phase just created.</p>
2409
2410<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2411 id="Picture_x0020_18" o:spid="_x0000_i1046" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:362.25pt;
2412 height:228.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2413 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image043.png" o:title=""/>
2414</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=483 height=305
2415src="Magnetic-II_files/image061.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_18"><![endif]></span></p>
2416
2417<p class=MsoNormal>Now select the Atoms tab for the magnetic phase</p>
2418
2419<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2420 id="Picture_x0020_19" o:spid="_x0000_i1045" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:362.25pt;
2421 height:75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2422 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image045.png" o:title=""/>
2423</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=483 height=100
2424src="Magnetic-II_files/image062.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_19"><![endif]></span></p>
2425
2426<p class=MsoNormal>You’ll see that both <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2427normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2428minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mx</span></b></span>
2429and <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2430style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2431mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>My</span></b>
2432are</span> allowed; there is no easy clue from the diffraction data where the
2433moment lies so we’ll just have to try something. A useful thing to do is to try
2434individually <span class=SpellE>Mx</span>=1 &amp; <span class=GramE>My=</span>0
2435and vice versa each time drawing the unit cell contents. Select the <b
2436style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2437mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2438minor-latin'>Atoms</span></b> tab for the magnetic structure and change <span
2439class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
2440"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
2441minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mx</span></b></span><b
2442style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2443mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2444minor-latin'>=1</span></b>, <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2445normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2446minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>My=</span></b></span><b
2447style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2448mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2449minor-latin'>0</span></b>. Then select the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2450style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2451mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Draw Atoms</span></b>
2452tab</p>
2453
2454<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2455 id="Picture_x0020_20" o:spid="_x0000_i1044" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:363pt;
2456 height:74.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2457 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image047.png" o:title=""/>
2458</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=484 height=99
2459src="Magnetic-II_files/image063.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_20"><![endif]></span></p>
2460
2461<p class=MsoNormal>Select the one atom and do <span class=GramE><b
2462style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2463mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2464minor-latin'>Edit</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2465style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2466mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'> Figure/Fill
2467unit cell</span></b>; the table will list 10 atom positions and the drawing will
2468show</p>
2469
2470<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2471 id="Picture_x0020_21" o:spid="_x0000_i1043" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:5in;
2472 height:368.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2473 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image049.png" o:title=""/>
2474</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=480 height=491
2475src="Magnetic-II_files/image064.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_21"><![endif]></span></p>
2476
2477<p class=MsoNormal>This is an antiferromagnetic structure. Now select the Atoms
2478tab and change <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2479style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2480mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mx</span></b></span><b
2481style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2482mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2483minor-latin'>=0</span></b>, <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2484normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2485minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>My=</span></b></span><b
2486style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2487mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2488minor-latin'>1</span></b>; the drawing will update the moments</p>
2489
2490<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2491 id="Picture_x0020_22" o:spid="_x0000_i1042" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:5in;
2492 height:368.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2493 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image051.png" o:title=""/>
2494</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=480 height=491
2495src="Magnetic-II_files/image065.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_22"><![endif]></span></p>
2496
2497<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE>which</span> is now a ferromagnetic
2498structure. Clearly, this is not correct since we know the material is an antiferromagnet.
2499Therefore, in <span class=SpellE>Pn’nm</span>’ My=0 and <span class=SpellE>Mx</span>
2500&gt; 0. So we should try refining <span class=SpellE>Mx</span> with <span
2501class=GramE>My</span> fixed. Change <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2502normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2503minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mx</span></b></span><b
2504style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2505mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2506minor-latin'>=1</span></b> and <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2507normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2508minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>My=</span></b></span><b
2509style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2510mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2511minor-latin'>0</span></b> and select the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2512style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2513mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>M</span></b>
2514refine flag. Then go to the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2515style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2516mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Constraints</span></b>
2517entry<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_23"
2518 o:spid="_x0000_i1041" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:360.75pt;height:159pt;
2519 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2520 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image053.png" o:title=""/>
2521</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=481 height=212
2522src="Magnetic-II_files/image066.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_23"><![endif]></span></p>
2523
2524<p class=MsoNormal>Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2525style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2526mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Constr<span
2527class=GramE>./</span>Add hold</span></b> for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2528normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2529minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1::Amy:0</span></b>.
2530Now do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2531mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2532minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b>. The residual is quite poor wR~39%)
2533and <span class=SpellE>Mx</span> did not change much. Even after including
2534refinement of the rather large sample displacements (recall the 150K
2535refinement) <span class=SpellE>wR</span> ~ 28%. Perhaps this isn’t the correct
2536structure, so let’s look for another. <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2537style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2538mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Save</span></b>
2539the project (it still might be useful).</p>
2540
2541<h3>Step 7. Select 2nd magnetic structure</h3>
2542
2543<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
2544
2545<p class=MsoNormal>To continue the selection process, we need to use the saved
2546project used for the first selection because it contains the table of possible
2547magnetic space groups generated by k-SUBGROUPSMAG. Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2548normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2549minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Open
2550project</span></b> from the main menu and select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2551normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2552minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Cr2WO6.gpx</span></b>;
2553you’ll see a reminder to save the old project (we just did this) and select the
2554<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2555mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2556minor-latin'>Cr2WO6</span></b> phase (should be the only one); the General tab
2557will be shown</p>
2558
2559<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2560 id="Picture_x0020_24" o:spid="_x0000_i1040" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:358.5pt;
2561 height:189.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2562 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image055.png" o:title=""/>
2563</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=478 height=253
2564src="Magnetic-II_files/image067.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_24"><![endif]></span></p>
2565
2566<p class=MsoNormal>Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2567style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2568mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Compute/Select
2569magnetic phase</span></b> from the menu; the popup should look like</p>
2570
2571<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2572 id="Picture_x0020_25" o:spid="_x0000_i1039" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:210pt;
2573 height:222.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2574 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image057.png" o:title=""/>
2575</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=280 height=297
2576src="Magnetic-II_files/image057.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_25"><![endif]></span></p>
2577
2578<p class=MsoNormal>We have already skipped the <span class=SpellE>Cmmm</span>
2579set of phases since each had 2 magnetic Cr atoms and tried #40 (<span
2580class=SpellE>Pn’nm</span>’), so let’s try <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2581style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2582mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>(43) <span
2583class=SpellE>Pnn’m</span></span></b> next. Select it and press <b
2584style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2585mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2586minor-latin'>OK</span></b>; a popup will appear</p>
2587
2588<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2589 id="Picture_x0020_26" o:spid="_x0000_i1038" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:264.75pt;
2590 height:92.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2591 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image058.png" o:title=""/>
2592</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=353 height=123
2593src="Magnetic-II_files/image058.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_26"><![endif]></span></p>
2594
2595<p class=MsoNormal>This is similar to #40; one magnetic Cr atom with allowed <span
2596class=SpellE>Mx</span> &amp; My moment components. Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2597normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2598minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Yes</span></b>.
2599The project will be saved and a new project <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2600normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2601minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Cr2WO6
2602mag_43.gpx</span></b> will be created. The General tab for this new phase will
2603be shown</p>
2604
2605<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2606 id="Picture_x0020_27" o:spid="_x0000_i1037" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:360.75pt;
2607 height:192.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2608 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image059.png" o:title=""/>
2609</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=481 height=257
2610src="Magnetic-II_files/image068.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_27"><![endif]></span></p>
2611
2612<p class=MsoNormal>Select the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2613style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2614mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Atoms</span></b>
2615tab</p>
2616
2617<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2618 id="Picture_x0020_28" o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:360.75pt;
2619 height:1in;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2620 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image069.png" o:title=""/>
2621</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=481 height=96
2622src="Magnetic-II_files/image070.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_28"><![endif]></span></p>
2623
2624<p class=MsoNormal>Again <span class=SpellE>Mx</span> &amp; <span class=GramE>My
2625are</span> allowed moments but we don’t know what their values are. We can try
2626drawing each; set <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2627style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2628mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mx</span></b></span><b
2629style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2630mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2631minor-latin'>=1</span></b> &amp; <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2632normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2633minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>My=</span></b></span><b
2634style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2635mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2636minor-latin'>0</span></b>. Select the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2637style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2638mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Draw Ato</span></b>ms
2639tab, select the Cr atom and do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2640style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2641mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit
2642Atoms/Fill unit cell</span></b>; the drawing will show</p>
2643
2644<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2645 id="Picture_x0020_29" o:spid="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:362.25pt;
2646 height:370.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2647 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image071.png" o:title=""/>
2648</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=483 height=494
2649src="Magnetic-II_files/image072.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_29"><![endif]></span></p>
2650
2651<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE>which</span> is an antiferromagnetic
2652structure. Now try <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2653style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2654mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mx</span></b></span><b
2655style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2656mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2657minor-latin'>=0</span></b> and <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2658normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2659minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>My=</span></b></span><b
2660style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2661mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2662minor-latin'>1</span></b>; the structure will show</p>
2663
2664<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2665 id="Picture_x0020_30" o:spid="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:360.75pt;
2666 height:369.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2667 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image073.png" o:title=""/>
2668</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=481 height=493
2669src="Magnetic-II_files/image074.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_30"><![endif]></span></p>
2670
2671<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE>which</span> is yet another
2672antiferromagnetic structure. We can try each one or just set <span
2673class=SpellE>Mx</span>=1 and <span class=GramE>My=</span>1 and refine both to
2674see where it goes. Set <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2675style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2676mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mx</span></b></span><b
2677style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2678mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2679minor-latin'>=1</span></b>, <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2680normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2681minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>My=</span></b></span><b
2682style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2683mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2684minor-latin'>1</span></b> and clear any refinement flags in both phases (see <b
2685style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2686mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2687minor-latin'>General</span></b> &amp; <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2688style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2689mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Atoms</span></b>
2690for both phases). Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2691style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2692mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b>
2693from the main menu; <span class=SpellE>wR</span> is ~39%. Next, set the <b
2694style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2695mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2696minor-latin'>M</span></b> refinement flag for the magnetic Cr atom and repeat <b
2697style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2698mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2699minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b>; <span class=SpellE>wR</span> drops to
2700~37%. Most importantly, <span class=SpellE>Mx</span> is close to zero and <span
2701class=GramE>My</span> ~2.3. Add the sample displacement parameters (set radius
2702to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2703mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2704minor-latin'>1000</span></b>) and refine again. <span class=SpellE><span
2705class=GramE>wR</span></span> drops to ~ 23% which is much better than a similar
2706refinement for #40 (~ 28%). </p>
2707
2708<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2709 id="Picture_x0020_31" o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:358.5pt;
2710 height:366.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2711 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image075.png" o:title=""/>
2712</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=478 height=489
2713src="Magnetic-II_files/image076.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_31"><![endif]></span></p>
2714
2715<p class=MsoNormal>Moreover, the 001 magnetic reflection has considerable
2716calculated intensity; the overall fit is pretty good (except for perhaps
2717lattice parameters). Next we will complete the refinement using this solution.</p>
2718
2719<h3>Step 8. Complete refinement of structure #43 (<span class=SpellE>Pnn’m</span>)
2720for Cr<sub>2</sub>WO<sub>6</sub><o:p></o:p></h3>
2721
2722<p class=MsoNormal>From what we noticed about the initial refinement for this
2723solution, <span class=SpellE>Mx</span>=0 and needs to be held there. So select the
2724<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2725mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2726minor-latin'>Atoms</span></b> tab for the magnetic phase</p>
2727
2728<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2729 id="Picture_x0020_32" o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
2730 height:90.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2731 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image081.png" o:title=""/>
2732</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=121
2733src="Magnetic-II_files/image097.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_32"><![endif]></span></p>
2734
2735<p class=MsoNormal>Set <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2736style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2737mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mx</span></b></span><b
2738style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2739mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2740minor-latin'>=0</span></b>. Next, select the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2741normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2742minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>General</span></b>
2743tab for each phase and check the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2744style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2745mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Refine unit
2746cell</span></b> box for each. Next, we have to set the hold on <span
2747class=SpellE>Mx</span>; select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2748style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2749mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Constraints</span></b></p>
2750
2751<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2752 id="Picture_x0020_33" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:362.25pt;
2753 height:132.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2754 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image083.png" o:title=""/>
2755</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=483 height=177
2756src="Magnetic-II_files/image098.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_33"><![endif]></span></p>
2757
2758<p class=MsoNormal>We see this error message. Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2759normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2760minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>
2761and view the constraints list</p>
2762
2763<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2764 id="Picture_x0020_35" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:361.5pt;
2765 height:201pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2766 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image085.png" o:title=""/>
2767</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=482 height=268
2768src="Magnetic-II_files/image099.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_35"><![endif]></span></p>
2769
2770<p class=MsoNormal>The problem here is that the constraints generator doesn’t
2771recognize that the tetragonal A1 (= b*<sup>2</sup>) is not an independent
2772parameter and thus cannot be used to constrain its orthorhombic counterpart. To
2773fix this we have to delete the offending constraint and insert a new one tying
2774the two orthorhombic (A0 &amp; A1) together. First, <span class=GramE><b
2775style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2776mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2777minor-latin'>Delete</span></b></span> the one marked in yellow</p>
2778
2779<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2780 id="Picture_x0020_36" o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:356.25pt;
2781 height:198.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2782 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image087.png" o:title=""/>
2783</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=475 height=265
2784src="Magnetic-II_files/image100.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_36"><![endif]></span></p>
2785
2786<p class=MsoNormal>Next do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2787style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2788mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Constr<span
2789class=GramE>./</span>Add equivalence</span></b> and select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2790normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2791minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1::A0</span></b>
2792in the 1<sup>st</sup> popup and then <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2793style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2794mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1::A1</span></b>
2795in the second (you may have to navigate away from Constraints and then back
2796before the Add – a known bug). If successful the Constraints should look like</p>
2797
2798<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2799 id="Picture_x0020_37" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:359.25pt;
2800 height:172.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2801 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image089.png" o:title=""/>
2802</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=479 height=230
2803src="Magnetic-II_files/image101.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_37"><![endif]></span></p>
2804
2805<p class=MsoNormal>Notice the last constraint which ties the two normally
2806inequivalent orthorhombic metric tensor elements together. Now finally add the
2807hold on <span class=SpellE>Mx</span>; Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2808style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2809mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Edit Constr<span
2810class=GramE>./</span>Add hold</span></b>; select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
2811normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
2812minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1::AMx:0</span></b>.
2813The constraints should look like</p>
2814
2815<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2816 id="Picture_x0020_38" o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:358.5pt;
2817 height:186.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2818 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image091.png" o:title=""/>
2819</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=478 height=249
2820src="Magnetic-II_files/image102.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_38"><![endif]></span></p>
2821
2822<p class=MsoNormal>Now do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2823style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2824mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b>;
2825the residual immediately drops to 12.2%. Finally, add refinement of atom
2826positions and <span class=SpellE>Uisos</span> to both phases and repeat <b
2827style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2828mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2829minor-latin'>Calculate/Refine</span></b>. My residual is 11.75% and the plot
2830shows a nice fit for this magnetic structure</p>
2831
2832<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2833 id="Picture_x0020_39" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:358.5pt;
2834 height:369pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2835 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image093.png" o:title=""/>
2836</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=478 height=492
2837src="Magnetic-II_files/image103.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_39"><![endif]></span></p>
2838
2839<p class=MsoNormal>The remaining misfits are from some contaminating phase(s)
2840because they are not indexed by either the chemical or magnetic phases. A bit
2841more improvement can be made by using 6 background terms and including the <b
2842style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2843mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2844minor-latin'>U</span></b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2845style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2846mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>V</span></b>,
2847<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
2848mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
2849minor-latin'>W</span></b> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
2850style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
2851mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>SH/L</span></b>
2852instrument parameter coefficients. My <span class=SpellE>wR</span> was ~11%. The
2853magnetic structure is</p>
2854
2855<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
2856 id="Picture_x0020_40" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:5in;
2857 height:370.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
2858 <v:imagedata src="Magnetic-II_files/image095.png" o:title=""/>
2859</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=480 height=494
2860src="Magnetic-II_files/image104.png" v:shapes="Picture_x0020_40"><![endif]></span></p>
2861
2862<p class=MsoNormal>The Cr magnetic moment (m<sub>y</sub>) = 2.35(2) shown in
2863Cr2WO6 mag_43.lst.</p>
2864
2865<p class=MsoNormal>This concludes this tutorial; you may wish to save the
2866project.</p>
2867
2868</div>
2869
2870</body>
2871
2872</html>
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