source: Tutorials/2DStrain/Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II.htm @ 4948

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add data link to tutorials

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415  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3"/>
416  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List"/>
417  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading"/>
418  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List"/>
419  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid"/>
420  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/>
421  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 1"/>
422  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
423  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
424  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
425  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/>
426  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Revision"/>
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428   Name="List Paragraph"/>
429  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" QFormat="true" Name="Quote"/>
430  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" QFormat="true"
431   Name="Intense Quote"/>
432  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1"/>
433  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1"/>
434  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
435  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1"/>
436  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
437  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
438  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
439  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
440  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
441  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
442  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
443  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
444  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
445  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
446  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
447  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
448  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
449  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
450  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
451  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
452  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
453  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
454  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
455  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
456  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
457  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
458  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
459  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
460  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
461  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
462  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
463  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
464  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
465  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
466  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
467  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
468  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
469  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
470  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
471  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
472  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
473  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
474  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
475  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
476  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
477  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
478  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
479  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
480  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
481  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
482  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
483  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
484  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
485  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
486  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
487  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
488  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
489  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
490  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
491  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
492  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
493  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
494  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
495  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
496  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
497  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
498  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
499  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
500  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
501  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
502  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
503  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
504  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
505  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
506  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
507  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
508  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
509  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
510  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true"
511   Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
512  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true"
513   Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
514  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true"
515   Name="Subtle Reference"/>
516  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true"
517   Name="Intense Reference"/>
518  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
519  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true"
520   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography"/>
521  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
522   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
523  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1"/>
524  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2"/>
525  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3"/>
526  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4"/>
527  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5"/>
528  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light"/>
529  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light"/>
530  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2"/>
531  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3"/>
532  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4"/>
533  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark"/>
534  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful"/>
535  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful"/>
536  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
537   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
538  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1"/>
539  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1"/>
540  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1"/>
541  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
542  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
543   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
544  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
545   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
546  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
547   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
548  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2"/>
549  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2"/>
550  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2"/>
551  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
552  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
553   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
554  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
555   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
556  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
557   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
558  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3"/>
559  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3"/>
560  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3"/>
561  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
562  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
563   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
564  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
565   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
566  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
567   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
568  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 4"/>
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570  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 4"/>
571  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
572  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
573   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
574  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
575   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
576  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
577   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
578  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5"/>
579  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5"/>
580  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5"/>
581  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
582  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
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584  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
585   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
586  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
587   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
588  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6"/>
589  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6"/>
590  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6"/>
591  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
592  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
593   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
594  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
595   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
596  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light"/>
597  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2"/>
598  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3"/>
599  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4"/>
600  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark"/>
601  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful"/>
602  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful"/>
603  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
604   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
605  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1"/>
606  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1"/>
607  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1"/>
608  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
609  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
610   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
611  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
612   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
613  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
614   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
615  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2"/>
616  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2"/>
617  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2"/>
618  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
619  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
620   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
621  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
622   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
623  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
624   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
625  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3"/>
626  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3"/>
627  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3"/>
628  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
629  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
630   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
631  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
632   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
633  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
634   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
635  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 4"/>
636  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 4"/>
637  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 4"/>
638  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
639  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
640   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
641  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
642   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
643  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
644   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
645  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5"/>
646  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5"/>
647  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 5"/>
648  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
649  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
650   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
651  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
652   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
653  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
654   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
655  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6"/>
656  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6"/>
657  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 6"/>
658  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
659  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
660   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
661  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
662   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
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784        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
785        margin-left:0in;
786        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
787        mso-outline-level:5;
788        font-size:12.0pt;
789        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
790        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
791        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
792        color:#4F4FFF;
793        font-weight:bold;}
794p.MsoTitle, li.MsoTitle, div.MsoTitle
795        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
796        mso-style-priority:10;
797        mso-style-unhide:no;
798        mso-style-qformat:yes;
799        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
800        mso-style-next:Normal;
801        margin-top:0in;
802        margin-right:0in;
803        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
804        margin-left:0in;
805        mso-add-space:auto;
806        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
807        border:none;
808        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
809        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
810        padding:0in;
811        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
812        font-size:26.0pt;
813        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
814        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
815        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
816        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
817        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
818        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
819        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
820        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
821        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
822        color:#17365D;
823        mso-themecolor:text2;
824        mso-themeshade:191;
825        letter-spacing:.25pt;
826        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
827p.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, li.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, div.MsoTitleCxSpFirst
828        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
829        mso-style-priority:10;
830        mso-style-unhide:no;
831        mso-style-qformat:yes;
832        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
833        mso-style-next:Normal;
834        mso-style-type:export-only;
835        margin:0in;
836        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
837        mso-add-space:auto;
838        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
839        border:none;
840        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
841        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
842        padding:0in;
843        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
844        font-size:26.0pt;
845        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
846        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
847        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
848        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
849        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
850        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
851        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
852        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
853        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
854        color:#17365D;
855        mso-themecolor:text2;
856        mso-themeshade:191;
857        letter-spacing:.25pt;
858        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
859p.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, li.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, div.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle
860        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
861        mso-style-priority:10;
862        mso-style-unhide:no;
863        mso-style-qformat:yes;
864        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
865        mso-style-next:Normal;
866        mso-style-type:export-only;
867        margin:0in;
868        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
869        mso-add-space:auto;
870        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
871        border:none;
872        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
873        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
874        padding:0in;
875        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
876        font-size:26.0pt;
877        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
878        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
879        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
880        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
881        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
882        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
883        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
884        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
885        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
886        color:#17365D;
887        mso-themecolor:text2;
888        mso-themeshade:191;
889        letter-spacing:.25pt;
890        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
891p.MsoTitleCxSpLast, li.MsoTitleCxSpLast, div.MsoTitleCxSpLast
892        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
893        mso-style-priority:10;
894        mso-style-unhide:no;
895        mso-style-qformat:yes;
896        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
897        mso-style-next:Normal;
898        mso-style-type:export-only;
899        margin-top:0in;
900        margin-right:0in;
901        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
902        margin-left:0in;
903        mso-add-space:auto;
904        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
905        border:none;
906        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
907        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
908        padding:0in;
909        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
910        font-size:26.0pt;
911        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
912        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
913        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
914        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
915        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
916        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
917        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
918        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
919        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
920        color:#17365D;
921        mso-themecolor:text2;
922        mso-themeshade:191;
923        letter-spacing:.25pt;
924        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
925a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
926        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
927        mso-style-priority:99;
928        color:blue;
929        text-decoration:underline;
930        text-underline:single;}
931a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
932        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
933        mso-style-priority:99;
934        color:purple;
935        text-decoration:underline;
936        text-underline:single;}
937p.MsoDocumentMap, li.MsoDocumentMap, div.MsoDocumentMap
938        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
939        mso-style-priority:99;
940        mso-style-link:"Document Map Char";
941        margin:0in;
942        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
943        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
944        font-size:8.0pt;
945        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
946        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
947        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
948p
949        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
950        mso-style-priority:99;
951        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
952        margin-right:0in;
953        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
954        margin-left:0in;
955        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
956        font-size:12.0pt;
957        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
958        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
959        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
960pre
961        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
962        mso-style-priority:99;
963        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
964        margin:0in;
965        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
966        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
967        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
968        font-size:10.0pt;
969        font-family:"Courier New";
970        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
971p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
972        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
973        mso-style-priority:99;
974        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
975        margin:0in;
976        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
977        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
978        font-size:8.0pt;
979        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
980        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
981        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
982span.MsoPlaceholderText
983        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
984        mso-style-priority:99;
985        mso-style-unhide:no;
986        color:gray;}
987p.MsoNoSpacing, li.MsoNoSpacing, div.MsoNoSpacing
988        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
989        mso-style-priority:1;
990        mso-style-unhide:no;
991        mso-style-qformat:yes;
992        mso-style-parent:"";
993        margin:0in;
994        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
995        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
996        font-size:12.0pt;
997        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
998        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
999        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1000p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
1001        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1002        mso-style-priority:34;
1003        mso-style-unhide:no;
1004        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1005        margin-top:0in;
1006        margin-right:0in;
1007        margin-bottom:0in;
1008        margin-left:.5in;
1009        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1010        mso-add-space:auto;
1011        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1012        font-size:12.0pt;
1013        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1014        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1015        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1016p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
1017        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1018        mso-style-priority:34;
1019        mso-style-unhide:no;
1020        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1021        mso-style-type:export-only;
1022        margin-top:0in;
1023        margin-right:0in;
1024        margin-bottom:0in;
1025        margin-left:.5in;
1026        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1027        mso-add-space:auto;
1028        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1029        font-size:12.0pt;
1030        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1031        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1032        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1033p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
1034        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1035        mso-style-priority:34;
1036        mso-style-unhide:no;
1037        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1038        mso-style-type:export-only;
1039        margin-top:0in;
1040        margin-right:0in;
1041        margin-bottom:0in;
1042        margin-left:.5in;
1043        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1044        mso-add-space:auto;
1045        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1046        font-size:12.0pt;
1047        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1048        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1049        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1050p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
1051        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1052        mso-style-priority:34;
1053        mso-style-unhide:no;
1054        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1055        mso-style-type:export-only;
1056        margin-top:0in;
1057        margin-right:0in;
1058        margin-bottom:0in;
1059        margin-left:.5in;
1060        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1061        mso-add-space:auto;
1062        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1063        font-size:12.0pt;
1064        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1065        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1066        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1067span.MsoIntenseReference
1068        {mso-style-priority:32;
1069        mso-style-unhide:no;
1070        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1071        font-variant:small-caps;
1072        color:#C0504D;
1073        mso-themecolor:accent2;
1074        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1075        font-weight:bold;
1076        text-decoration:underline;
1077        text-underline:single;}
1078span.Heading1Char
1079        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
1080        mso-style-priority:9;
1081        mso-style-unhide:no;
1082        mso-style-locked:yes;
1083        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
1084        mso-ansi-font-size:24.0pt;
1085        mso-bidi-font-size:24.0pt;
1086        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1087        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1088        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1089        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1090        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1091        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1092        mso-font-kerning:18.0pt;
1093        font-weight:bold;}
1094span.Heading2Char
1095        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
1096        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1097        mso-style-priority:9;
1098        mso-style-unhide:no;
1099        mso-style-locked:yes;
1100        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
1101        mso-ansi-font-size:18.0pt;
1102        mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
1103        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1104        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1105        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1106        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1107        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1108        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1109        font-weight:bold;}
1110span.Heading3Char
1111        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
1112        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1113        mso-style-priority:9;
1114        mso-style-unhide:no;
1115        mso-style-locked:yes;
1116        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
1117        mso-ansi-font-size:13.5pt;
1118        mso-bidi-font-size:13.5pt;
1119        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1120        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1121        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1122        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1123        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1124        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1125        font-weight:bold;}
1126span.Heading4Char
1127        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
1128        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1129        mso-style-priority:9;
1130        mso-style-unhide:no;
1131        mso-style-locked:yes;
1132        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
1133        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
1134        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
1135        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1136        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1137        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1138        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1139        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1140        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1141        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1142        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1143        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1144        color:#4F81BD;
1145        mso-themecolor:accent1;
1146        font-weight:bold;
1147        font-style:italic;}
1148span.Heading5Char
1149        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
1150        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1151        mso-style-priority:9;
1152        mso-style-unhide:no;
1153        mso-style-locked:yes;
1154        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
1155        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
1156        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
1157        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1158        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1159        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1160        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1161        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1162        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1163        color:#4F4FFF;
1164        font-weight:bold;}
1165span.HTMLPreformattedChar
1166        {mso-style-name:"HTML Preformatted Char";
1167        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1168        mso-style-priority:99;
1169        mso-style-unhide:no;
1170        mso-style-locked:yes;
1171        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted";
1172        font-family:"Courier New";
1173        mso-ascii-font-family:"Courier New";
1174        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1175        mso-hansi-font-family:"Courier New";
1176        mso-bidi-font-family:"Courier New";}
1177p.msonormal0, li.msonormal0, div.msonormal0
1178        {mso-style-name:msonormal;
1179        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1180        mso-style-priority:99;
1181        mso-style-unhide:no;
1182        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
1183        margin-right:0in;
1184        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
1185        margin-left:0in;
1186        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1187        font-size:12.0pt;
1188        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1189        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1190        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1191span.TitleChar
1192        {mso-style-name:"Title Char";
1193        mso-style-priority:10;
1194        mso-style-unhide:no;
1195        mso-style-locked:yes;
1196        mso-style-link:Title;
1197        mso-ansi-font-size:26.0pt;
1198        mso-bidi-font-size:26.0pt;
1199        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1200        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1201        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1202        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1203        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1204        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1205        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1206        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1207        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1208        color:#17365D;
1209        mso-themecolor:text2;
1210        mso-themeshade:191;
1211        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1212        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
1213span.DocumentMapChar
1214        {mso-style-name:"Document Map Char";
1215        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1216        mso-style-priority:99;
1217        mso-style-unhide:no;
1218        mso-style-locked:yes;
1219        mso-style-link:"Document Map";
1220        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
1221        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
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1303</head>
1304
1305<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
1306
1307<div class=WordSection1>
1308
1309<h1>Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II</h1>
1310
1311<P><BL>
1312  <LI><B>A video version of this tutorial is available at
1313<A href="https://anl.box.com/v/Strainfittingof2DdatainGSAS-II" target="_blank">
1314https://anl.box.com/v/Strainfittingof2DdatainGSAS-II</A></B>
1315  <LI>Exercise files are found <A href="./data/" target="_blank">here</a>
1316</BL></P><P></P> 
1317
1318<p class=MsoNormal>For this tutorial, data were collected with a MAR2300 area
1319detector at APS 1-ID-C with a wavelength 0.12398 Å (100<span style='font-family:
1320Symbol'>m</span>m diameter beam) from a 1.5mm square hot rolled steel test specimen;
1321the front surface has been dusted with some CeO<sub>2</sub> to aid in
1322calibration. Three images are used here; one is with no load on the sample and
1323the other two are with the sample under tension along the y-axis (vertical).
1324The loading will distort the steel (ferrite &amp; austenite) diffraction rings
1325and our purpose here is to characterize this distortion via a strain model by
1326B. B. He &amp; K. L. Smith (Adv. in X-ray Anal. 41, 501, 1997). Note that menu
1327entries are listed in <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1328style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1329mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>bold face</span></b>
1330below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1331mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1332minor-latin'>Help/About GSAS-II</span></b>, which lists first the name of the
1333menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1334"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1335minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help</span></b>) and second the
1336name of the entry in the menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1337style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1338mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).</p>
1339
1340<h2>Step 1: Start GSAS-II and read the images</h2>
1341
1342<p class=MsoNormal>Use the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1343style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1344mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Data/Read image data</span></b> menu item to
1345read the data file into a new GSAS-II project. A file selection dialog will be
1346shown; its appearance will depend on your OS. Change the search directory to <b
1347style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1348mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1349minor-latin'>2Dstrain/data</span></b> and then select the files <b
1350style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1351mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1352minor-latin'>nx09_strain_001.mar2300<span class=GramE>, <span style='font-family:
1353"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:normal'><span
1354style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></span>nx09</span>_strain_006.mar2300 </span></b>and
1355<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1356mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>nx09_strain_011.mar2300</span></b>
1357and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1358mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1359minor-latin'>Open</span></b>.<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'> Select the 1<sup>st</sup>
1360image (001) from the GSAS-II data tree and select </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1361normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1362minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Image Controls</span></b><span
1363style='mso-no-proof:yes'>; adjust the </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1364normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1365minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Max intensity</span></b><span
1366style='mso-no-proof:yes'> so that the CeO2 rings are visible (~1500 will
1367suffice or 99%). You should see:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1368
1369<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype
1370 id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t"
1371 path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f" stroked="f">
1372 <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/>
1373 <v:formulas>
1374  <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/>
1375  <v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"/>
1376  <v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"/>
1377  <v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"/>
1378  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1379  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1380  <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/>
1381  <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/>
1382  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1383  <v:f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"/>
1384  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1385  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1386 </v:formulas>
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1388 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
1389</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_22" o:spid="_x0000_i1046" type="#_x0000_t75"
1390 style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1391 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image002.png"
1392  o:title=""/>
1393</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1394src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image001.png"
1395v:shapes="Picture_x0020_22"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1396
1397<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>For the image and <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1398
1399<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1400 id="Picture_x0020_23" o:spid="_x0000_i1045" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1401 height:225.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1402 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image005.png"
1403  o:title=""/>
1404</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=301
1405src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image003.png"
1406v:shapes="Picture_x0020_23"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1407
1408<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>for the controls.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1409
1410<h2>Step 2: Calibration of the detector position</h2>
1411
1412<p class=MsoNormal>This image is a superposition of three diffraction patterns;
1413CeO<sub>2</sub> calibrant, ferrite (BCC iron) and austenite (FCC iron).
1414Consequently the calibration needs to be done with some care; the steps are as
1415follows:</p>
1416
1417<p class=MsoNormal>Set the wavelength to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1418style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1419mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>0.12398</span></b></p>
1420
1421<p class=MsoNormal>Set the calibrant to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1422style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1423mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>CeO2 SRM674b<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1424
1425<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1426style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1427mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Min <span class=SpellE>calib</span> d-spacing</span></b>
1428to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1429mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1.09</span></b>;
1430this avoids picking a CeO<sub>2</sub> ring that overlaps one of the steel ones.</p>
1431
1432<p class=MsoNormal>Pick <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1433style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1434mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Show ring picks?</span></b> check box</p>
1435
1436<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1437style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1438mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Pixel search range</span></b> to <b
1439style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1440mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b>;
1441the rings are fairly widely separated will little chance for overlap.</p>
1442
1443<p class=MsoNormal>Use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1444style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1445mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calibration/Calibrate</span></b>, select 5
1446points on the inner CeO<sub>2</sub> ring with left mouse button and start
1447calibration with right mouse button. The result should be something like</p>
1448
1449<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1450 id="Picture_x0020_24" o:spid="_x0000_i1044" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1451 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1452 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image021.png"
1453  o:title=""/>
1454</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1455src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
1456v:shapes="Picture_x0020_24"><![endif]></span></p>
1457
1458<p class=MsoNormal>I’ve zoomed in to show that the CeO2 rings are well fitted
1459and don’t overlap any of the more intense steel ones. The calibration results
1460show on the data window</p>
1461
1462<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1463 id="Picture_x0020_25" o:spid="_x0000_i1043" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1464 height:321pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
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1466  o:title=""/>
1467</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=428
1468src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image007.png"
1469v:shapes="Picture_x0020_25"><![endif]></span><span
1470style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1471
1472<p class=MsoNormal>and the console</p>
1473
1474<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1475 id="Picture_x0020_5" o:spid="_x0000_i1042" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:461.25pt;
1476 height:122.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1477 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image030.png"
1478  o:title=""/>
1479</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=615 height=163
1480src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image030.png"
1481v:shapes="Picture_x0020_5"><![endif]></span></p>
1482
1483<p class=MsoNormal>You should now copy these results to the other images. Use <span
1484class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1485"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1486minor-latin'>Parms</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1487style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1488mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>/Copy controls</span></b>; a popup dialog
1489will appear; select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1490style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1491mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set </span></b><span
1492class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1493"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1494minor-latin'>All</span></b></span> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1495style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1496mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>.</p>
1497
1498<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 3: Fitting unstrained steel</h2>
1499
1500<p class=MsoNormal>In this step you will select the diffraction rings to be
1501analyzed for strain; it is best to pick a few CeO<sub>2</sub> ones as well to
1502confirm that the sample position does not shift during loading. Select the
1503first image (001) and the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1504style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1505mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> tree item. An empty
1506plot (“Strain”) will appear and the initial Stress/Strain data window</p>
1507
1508<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1509 id="Picture_x0020_34" o:spid="_x0000_i1041" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1510 height:237pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1511 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image029.png"
1512  o:title=""/>
1513</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=316
1514src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image008.png"
1515v:shapes="Picture_x0020_34"><![endif]></span><span
1516style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1517
1518<p class=MsoNormal>Change <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1519style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1520mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample delta-z</span></b> to <b
1521style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1522mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-0.75</span></b>
1523since center of the steel sample is that much closer to the detector than the
1524CeO<sub>2</sub> calibrant. Then select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1525style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1526mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder Image</span></b> and follow the
1527instruction to add a ring; press <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1528normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1529minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>a</span></b> and</span> use the
1530mouse left button to select a ring. Do as many as you like but be sure to
1531select some CeO<sub>2</sub> rings as well; it is useful to zoom in to help with
1532the selection, but make sure zoom buttons are off for the selection. You can
1533control the image display with the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1534style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1535mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b>. Each time you pick
1536a ring, GSAS-II show the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1537style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1538mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder Image</span></b> zoomed in where
1539you were looking before your selection. I chose 12 rings. Do <b
1540style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1541mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1542minor-latin'>Operations/Fit stress/strain;</span></b> the Strain plot is
1543updated to show</p>
1544
1545<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1546 id="Picture_x0020_35" o:spid="_x0000_i1040" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1547 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1548 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image034.png"
1549  o:title=""/>
1550</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1551src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image010.png"
1552v:shapes="Picture_x0020_35"><![endif]></span></p>
1553
1554<p class=MsoNormal>Notice that each ring is plotted in different colors (they
1555may be somewhat mixed for the two lines ~2Å! We will fix this next). The 2D
1556Powder Image shows the picks as well</p>
1557
1558<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1559 id="Picture_x0020_36" o:spid="_x0000_i1039" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1560 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1561 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image038.png"
1562  o:title=""/>
1563</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1564src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image011.png"
1565v:shapes="Picture_x0020_36"><![endif]></span></p>
1566
1567<p class=MsoNormal>And the rings are listed on the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1568normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1569minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data window;
1570a scroll bar allows easy access to all the entries.</p>
1571
1572<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1573 id="Picture_x0020_37" o:spid="_x0000_i1038" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1574 height:300.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1575 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image042.png"
1576  o:title=""/>
1577</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=401
1578src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image012.png"
1579v:shapes="Picture_x0020_37"><![endif]></span></p>
1580
1581<p class=MsoNormal>If necessary, we can now fix the mixing of the two 2Å lines;
1582change the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1583"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1584minor-latin'>Pixel search range</span></b> to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1585normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1586minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b> for both. Do <b
1587style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1588mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1589minor-latin'>Operations/Fit Stress <span class=GramE>Strain.</span></span></b>
1590After you are done the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1591style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1592mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b> plot should look like</p>
1593
1594<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1595 id="Picture_x0020_38" o:spid="_x0000_i1037" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1596 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1597 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image046.png"
1598  o:title=""/>
1599</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1600src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image013.png"
1601v:shapes="Picture_x0020_38"><![endif]></span></p>
1602
1603<p class=MsoNormal>We are now ready for the first strain fit; do <b
1604style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1605mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1606stress/strain</span></b>. Each ring will be fitted to the three strain tensor
1607elements (&#949;<sub>11</sub>, &#949;<sub>12</sub> &amp; &#949;<sub>22</sub>)
1608that can be determined from a single 2D diffraction ring. The resulting Strain
1609plot now shows curves calculated from the fitted tensor elements; these are
1610very nearly straight lines as expected from an unloaded sample.<span
1611style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>In particular the austenite 111 line (~2.08Å)
1612is much flatter than the ferrite 200 line (~2.03Å); this reflects the sample
1613history (hot rolled steel). The tensor elements with <span class=SpellE>esds</span>
1614are shown on the console and in the data window</p>
1615
1616<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1617 id="Picture_x0020_39" o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1618 height:300.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1619 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image048.png"
1620  o:title=""/>
1621</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=401
1622src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image014.png"
1623v:shapes="Picture_x0020_39"><![endif]></span><span
1624style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1625
1626<p class=MsoNormal>The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1627style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1628mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b>
1629is the average d-spacing around each ring; this can be used as the reference
1630d-spacing. If <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1631"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1632minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Poisson <span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b>
1633is checked then <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1634"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1635minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b>
1636is determined from <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1637
1638<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1639
1640<p class=MsoNormal>If <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1641style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1642mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>e<sub>11</sub></span></b>
1643&lt; <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1644mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1645minor-latin'>e<sub>22</sub></span></b>: <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1646style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1647mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span
1648class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b> <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1649style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1650mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>= <span
1651class=SpellE>d<sub>min</sub></span>-(<span class=SpellE>d<sub>max</sub>-d<sub>min</sub></span>)/4</span></b>;
1652else: <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1653mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1654minor-latin'>d-zero <span class=SpellE>ave</span> = dmin+3*(<span class=SpellE>dmax-dmin</span>)<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1655
1656<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1657style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1658mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p>
1659
1660<p class=MsoNormal>Where <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1661normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1662minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d<sub>min</sub><span
1663class=GramE>,d<sub>max</sub></span></span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1664normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1665minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'> </span></b>are
1666the minimum and maximum d-<span class=SpellE>spacings</span> for a given
1667diffraction ring, thus selecting the place where the diffraction ring under
1668load would give a strain free value.</p>
1669
1670<p class=MsoNormal>Each d-zero value for this no load sample can be set to this
1671value; this will suppress any residual stress offset. To update all the d-zero
1672values to the calculated ones do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1673style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1674mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Update d-zero</span></b> then
1675repeat <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1676mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1677stress/strain</span></b>. Repeat as needed to make <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1678normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1679minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero</span></b> match <b
1680style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1681mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span
1682class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b> for all lines so that <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1683normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1684minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>h-<span
1685class=SpellE>mustrain</span></span></b> (= <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1686style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1687mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero/d-zero
1688<span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b> -1) is small (less than ~±250). I got
1689for the no load sample</p>
1690
1691<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1692 id="Picture_x0020_40" o:spid="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1693 height:221.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1694 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image050.png"
1695  o:title=""/>
1696</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=295
1697src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image015.png"
1698v:shapes="Picture_x0020_40"><![endif]></span></p>
1699
1700<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1701style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1702mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Ivar</span></b>
1703is the variance in the normalized ring intensity; <span class=GramE>if <span
1704style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&gt;</span>0 the sample is textured in some
1705way. Finally you want this set of d-zero values to be applied to the images
1706from the loaded sample; do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1707style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1708mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Copy stress/strain</span></b> to
1709apply them to the other images.</p>
1710
1711<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 4: Sequential fitting of steel under load</h2>
1712
1713<p class=MsoNormal>For the result of the sequential fitting to make sense, we
1714need to enter the applied load for each image. Unfortunately, this must be done
1715by hand here because the load value is not in the image header. The loads are:
1716001: - 2.17425, 006: 527.917 and 011: 1004.41 all in <span class=SpellE>newtons</span>
1717(N). Each needs to be divided by the cross section area (2.25mm<sup>2</sup>) of
1718the sample; GSAS-II will do this bit of math for you, and this gives the values
1719in MPa. For image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1720style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1721mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>001</span></b> enter <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1722normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1723minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-2.17425/2.25</span></b> in the <b
1724style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1725mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load
1726(MPa)</span></b> box, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1727style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1728mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>527.917/2.25</span></b> for image <b
1729style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1730mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>006</span></b>
1731and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1732mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1004.41/2.25</span></b>
1733for image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1734mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>011</span></b>.
1735When done the data window for image 011 should look like</p>
1736
1737<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1738 id="Picture_x0020_41" o:spid="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1739 height:221.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1740 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image052.png"
1741  o:title=""/>
1742</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=295
1743src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image016.png"
1744v:shapes="Picture_x0020_41"><![endif]></span></p>
1745
1746<p class=MsoNormal>Note that if the beam line software has prepared the
1747appropriate file containing this information, it could be loaded via the <b
1748style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1749mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Load
1750sample data</span></b> menu item.</p>
1751
1752<p class=MsoNormal>Next, we do the sequential refinement. Do <b
1753style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1754mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/All
1755image fit</span></b> from the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1756style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1757mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data window menu
1758from any of the images. A popup window will show the selection of images</p>
1759
1760<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1761 id="Picture_x0020_14" o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:204.75pt;
1762 height:251.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1763 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image024.png"
1764  o:title=""/>
1765</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=273 height=335
1766src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image024.png"
1767v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14"><![endif]></span></p>
1768
1769<p class=MsoNormal>Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1770style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1771mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set <span class=GramE>All</span></span></b>, all
1772boxes will be checked showing selection of the data sets. This also allows you
1773to instruct the sequential refinement to start at the last data set and proceed
1774backwards through them (<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1775style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1776mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Reverse order</span></b>). It also allows you
1777to instruct the sequential refinement to use the current parameters as starting
1778values for the next data set. This works in either direction and facilitates
1779the initial sequential refinements. Select just <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1780normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1781minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Copy to next</span></b> and press
1782<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1783mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>;
1784the sequential refinement will proceed very rapidly displaying results for each
1785data set on the console and finally ending by displaying the <b
1786style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1787mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sequential strain
1788fit result.<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1789
1790<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1791 id="Picture_x0020_42" o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:371.25pt;
1792 height:442.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1793 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image054.png"
1794  o:title=""/>
1795</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=495 height=590
1796src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image054.png"
1797v:shapes="Picture_x0020_42"><![endif]></span></p>
1798
1799<p class=MsoNormal>I only show the bottom of the listing. The data window shows
1800the results of the sequential fit.</p>
1801
1802<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1803 id="Picture_x0020_43" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1804 height:206.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1805 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image055.png"
1806  o:title=""/>
1807</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=275
1808src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image017.png"
1809v:shapes="Picture_x0020_43"><![endif]></span></p>
1810
1811<p class=MsoNormal>This table is the results of the sequential fit to the three
1812images. There are columns for each parameter. If you double click on a column
1813heading (try a steel e11 or e22 – I selected <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1814normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1815minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1<span class=GramE>;e22</span></span></b>
1816from my list). The plot shows the variation of this parameter with image
1817sequence; <span class=GramE>press ‘<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1818style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1819mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>s</span></b>’</span> and select <b
1820style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1821mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load</span></b>
1822and the plot will show (you’ll have to pick something else &amp; then back to <b
1823style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1824mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1825minor-latin'>1:e22</span></b>).</p>
1826
1827<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1828 id="Picture_x0020_44" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1829 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1830 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image057.png"
1831  o:title=""/>
1832</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1833src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image018.png"
1834v:shapes="Picture_x0020_44"><![endif]></span></p>
1835
1836<p class=MsoNormal>We can next fit this to a straight line. Select <b
1837style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1838mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Parametric
1839fit/Add equation</span></b>, select a variable (<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1840normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1841minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global</span></b>) in the 1<sup>st</sup>
1842pull down box (I chose <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1843style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1844mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1<span class=GramE>;e22</span></span></b>)
1845and enter <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1846mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m*<span
1847class=SpellE>x+b</span></span></b> in the equation box; the frame will change
1848to give selections for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1849style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1850mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1851normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1852minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b> &amp; <b
1853style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1854mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>.
1855Use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1856mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Free</span></b>
1857for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1858mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>
1859&amp; <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1860mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>
1861and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1862mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global/Sample
1863load</span></b> (at the bottom of list) for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1864normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1865minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b>. Then press <b
1866style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1867mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Fit</span></b>.
1868The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1869mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Expression
1870Editor</span></b> window should look like; press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1871normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1872minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b> to exit this
1873window.</p>
1874
1875<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1876 id="Picture_x0020_45" o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:465pt;
1877 height:255pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1878 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image059.png"
1879  o:title=""/>
1880</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=620 height=340
1881src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image059.png"
1882v:shapes="Picture_x0020_45"><![endif]></span></p>
1883
1884<p class=MsoNormal>And the console shows the parameters with <span
1885class=SpellE>esds</span></p>
1886
1887<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1888 id="Picture_x0020_46" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:450.75pt;
1889 height:128.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1890 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image060.png"
1891  o:title=""/>
1892</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=601 height=171
1893src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image060.png"
1894v:shapes="Picture_x0020_46"><![endif]></span></p>
1895
1896<p class=MsoNormal>The plot will show the best fit line</p>
1897
1898<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1899 id="Picture_x0020_27" o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1900 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1901 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image061.png"
1902  o:title=""/>
1903</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1904src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image019.png"
1905v:shapes="Picture_x0020_27"><![endif]></span></p>
1906
1907<p class=MsoNormal>You can explore other features of this facility; pick more
1908than one column (single click on the label) and the <span class=GramE><b
1909style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1910mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Selected</span></b></span><b
1911style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1912mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'> cols/Plot
1913selected</span></b> menu item to plot them together. </p>
1914
1915<p class=MsoNormal>To see the effect of stress on one diffraction line, select
1916the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1917mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b>
1918plot and zoom in on one line (I zoomed in on just one line; ferrite 211) from
1919image 011.</p>
1920
1921<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1922 id="Picture_x0020_28" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1923 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1924 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image063.png"
1925  o:title=""/>
1926</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1927src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image020.png"
1928v:shapes="Picture_x0020_28"><![endif]></span></p>
1929
1930<p class=MsoNormal>The dashed line gives the d-zero position. When you look at
1931the other lines, you should notice that the ones at ca. 3.13Å, 1.63Å, and 1.24Å
1932remain straight lines; these are from CeO<sub>2</sub> and should be unchanged
1933under load.</p>
1934
1935<p class=MsoNormal>Finally we can investigate the appearance of texture in the
1936ring intensities, do Operations/Plot intensity distribution. A new plot
1937appears; the ‘u’ key will change the curve offsets to get</p>
1938
1939<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1940 id="Picture_x0020_47" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1941 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1942 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image022.png"
1943  o:title=""/>
1944</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1945src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image023.png"
1946v:shapes="Picture_x0020_47"><![endif]></span></p>
1947
1948<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1949
1950<p class=MsoNormal>The CeO<sub>2</sub> lines are straight (MRD=1.0) while lines
1951from the two steel phases show the effect of texture but little graininess.</p>
1952
1953<p class=MsoNormal>Again you could save the project with <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1954normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1955minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>File/Save
1956project</span></b> on the main <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1957style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1958mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>GSAS-II data
1959tree</span></b> menu <span class=GramE>although</span> it is not needed for any
1960further tutorials. The strain results from each image can be exported as a
1961comma delimited set of values which can easily be read by Microsoft Excel and
1962other spread sheet programs; see <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1963style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1964mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Export/Image data as/Strain CSV file</span></b>.</p>
1965
1966</div>
1967
1968</body>
1969
1970</html>
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