source: Tutorials/2DStrain/Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II.htm @ 3553

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finish web tutorials for now

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415  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3"/>
416  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List"/>
417  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading"/>
418  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List"/>
419  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid"/>
420  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/>
421  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 1"/>
422  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
423  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
424  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
425  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/>
426  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Revision"/>
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428   Name="List Paragraph"/>
429  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" QFormat="true" Name="Quote"/>
430  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" QFormat="true"
431   Name="Intense Quote"/>
432  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1"/>
433  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1"/>
434  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
435  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1"/>
436  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
437  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
438  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
439  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
440  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
441  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
442  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
443  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
444  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
445  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
446  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
447  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
448  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
449  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
450  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
451  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
452  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
453  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
454  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
455  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
456  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
457  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
458  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
459  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
460  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
461  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
462  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
463  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
464  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
465  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
466  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
467  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
468  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
469  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
470  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
471  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
472  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
473  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
474  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
475  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
476  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
477  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
478  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
479  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
480  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
481  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
482  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
483  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
484  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
485  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
486  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
487  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
488  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
489  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
490  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
491  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
492  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
493  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
494  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
495  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
496  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
497  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
498  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
499  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
500  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
501  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
502  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
503  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
504  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
505  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
506  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
507  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
508  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
509  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
510  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true"
511   Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
512  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true"
513   Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
514  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true"
515   Name="Subtle Reference"/>
516  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true"
517   Name="Intense Reference"/>
518  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
519  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true"
520   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography"/>
521  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
522   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
523  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1"/>
524  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2"/>
525  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3"/>
526  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4"/>
527  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5"/>
528  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light"/>
529  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light"/>
530  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2"/>
531  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3"/>
532  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4"/>
533  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark"/>
534  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful"/>
535  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful"/>
536  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
537   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
538  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1"/>
539  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1"/>
540  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1"/>
541  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
542  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
543   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
544  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
545   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
546  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
547   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
548  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2"/>
549  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2"/>
550  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2"/>
551  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
552  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
553   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
554  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
555   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
556  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
557   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
558  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3"/>
559  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3"/>
560  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3"/>
561  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
562  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
563   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
564  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
565   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
566  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
567   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
568  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 4"/>
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570  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 4"/>
571  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
572  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
573   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
574  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
575   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
576  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
577   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
578  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5"/>
579  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5"/>
580  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5"/>
581  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
582  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
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584  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
585   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
586  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
587   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
588  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6"/>
589  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6"/>
590  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6"/>
591  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
592  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
593   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
594  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
595   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
596  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light"/>
597  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2"/>
598  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3"/>
599  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4"/>
600  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark"/>
601  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful"/>
602  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful"/>
603  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
604   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
605  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1"/>
606  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1"/>
607  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1"/>
608  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
609  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
610   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
611  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
612   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
613  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
614   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
615  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2"/>
616  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2"/>
617  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2"/>
618  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
619  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
620   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
621  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
622   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
623  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
624   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
625  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3"/>
626  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3"/>
627  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3"/>
628  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
629  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
630   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
631  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
632   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
633  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
634   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
635  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 4"/>
636  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 4"/>
637  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 4"/>
638  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
639  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
640   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
641  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
642   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
643  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
644   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
645  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5"/>
646  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5"/>
647  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 5"/>
648  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
649  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
650   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
651  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
652   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
653  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
654   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
655  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6"/>
656  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6"/>
657  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 6"/>
658  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
659  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
660   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
661  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
662   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
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784        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
785        margin-left:0in;
786        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
787        mso-outline-level:5;
788        font-size:12.0pt;
789        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
790        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
791        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
792        color:#4F4FFF;
793        font-weight:bold;}
794p.MsoTitle, li.MsoTitle, div.MsoTitle
795        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
796        mso-style-priority:10;
797        mso-style-unhide:no;
798        mso-style-qformat:yes;
799        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
800        mso-style-next:Normal;
801        margin-top:0in;
802        margin-right:0in;
803        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
804        margin-left:0in;
805        mso-add-space:auto;
806        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
807        border:none;
808        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
809        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
810        padding:0in;
811        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
812        font-size:26.0pt;
813        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
814        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
815        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
816        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
817        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
818        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
819        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
820        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
821        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
822        color:#17365D;
823        mso-themecolor:text2;
824        mso-themeshade:191;
825        letter-spacing:.25pt;
826        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
827p.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, li.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, div.MsoTitleCxSpFirst
828        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
829        mso-style-priority:10;
830        mso-style-unhide:no;
831        mso-style-qformat:yes;
832        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
833        mso-style-next:Normal;
834        mso-style-type:export-only;
835        margin:0in;
836        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
837        mso-add-space:auto;
838        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
839        border:none;
840        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
841        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
842        padding:0in;
843        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
844        font-size:26.0pt;
845        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
846        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
847        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
848        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
849        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
850        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
851        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
852        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
853        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
854        color:#17365D;
855        mso-themecolor:text2;
856        mso-themeshade:191;
857        letter-spacing:.25pt;
858        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
859p.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, li.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, div.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle
860        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
861        mso-style-priority:10;
862        mso-style-unhide:no;
863        mso-style-qformat:yes;
864        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
865        mso-style-next:Normal;
866        mso-style-type:export-only;
867        margin:0in;
868        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
869        mso-add-space:auto;
870        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
871        border:none;
872        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
873        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
874        padding:0in;
875        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
876        font-size:26.0pt;
877        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
878        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
879        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
880        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
881        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
882        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
883        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
884        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
885        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
886        color:#17365D;
887        mso-themecolor:text2;
888        mso-themeshade:191;
889        letter-spacing:.25pt;
890        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
891p.MsoTitleCxSpLast, li.MsoTitleCxSpLast, div.MsoTitleCxSpLast
892        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
893        mso-style-priority:10;
894        mso-style-unhide:no;
895        mso-style-qformat:yes;
896        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
897        mso-style-next:Normal;
898        mso-style-type:export-only;
899        margin-top:0in;
900        margin-right:0in;
901        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
902        margin-left:0in;
903        mso-add-space:auto;
904        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
905        border:none;
906        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
907        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
908        padding:0in;
909        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
910        font-size:26.0pt;
911        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
912        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
913        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
914        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
915        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
916        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
917        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
918        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
919        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
920        color:#17365D;
921        mso-themecolor:text2;
922        mso-themeshade:191;
923        letter-spacing:.25pt;
924        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
925a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
926        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
927        mso-style-priority:99;
928        color:blue;
929        text-decoration:underline;
930        text-underline:single;}
931a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
932        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
933        mso-style-priority:99;
934        color:purple;
935        text-decoration:underline;
936        text-underline:single;}
937p.MsoDocumentMap, li.MsoDocumentMap, div.MsoDocumentMap
938        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
939        mso-style-priority:99;
940        mso-style-link:"Document Map Char";
941        margin:0in;
942        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
943        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
944        font-size:8.0pt;
945        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
946        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
947        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
948p
949        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
950        mso-style-priority:99;
951        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
952        margin-right:0in;
953        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
954        margin-left:0in;
955        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
956        font-size:12.0pt;
957        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
958        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
959        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
960pre
961        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
962        mso-style-priority:99;
963        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
964        margin:0in;
965        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
966        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
967        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
968        font-size:10.0pt;
969        font-family:"Courier New";
970        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
971p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
972        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
973        mso-style-priority:99;
974        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
975        margin:0in;
976        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
977        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
978        font-size:8.0pt;
979        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
980        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
981        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
982span.MsoPlaceholderText
983        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
984        mso-style-priority:99;
985        mso-style-unhide:no;
986        color:gray;}
987p.MsoNoSpacing, li.MsoNoSpacing, div.MsoNoSpacing
988        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
989        mso-style-priority:1;
990        mso-style-unhide:no;
991        mso-style-qformat:yes;
992        mso-style-parent:"";
993        margin:0in;
994        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
995        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
996        font-size:12.0pt;
997        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
998        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
999        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1000p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
1001        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1002        mso-style-priority:34;
1003        mso-style-unhide:no;
1004        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1005        margin-top:0in;
1006        margin-right:0in;
1007        margin-bottom:0in;
1008        margin-left:.5in;
1009        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1010        mso-add-space:auto;
1011        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1012        font-size:12.0pt;
1013        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1014        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1015        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1016p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
1017        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1018        mso-style-priority:34;
1019        mso-style-unhide:no;
1020        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1021        mso-style-type:export-only;
1022        margin-top:0in;
1023        margin-right:0in;
1024        margin-bottom:0in;
1025        margin-left:.5in;
1026        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1027        mso-add-space:auto;
1028        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1029        font-size:12.0pt;
1030        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1031        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1032        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1033p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
1034        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1035        mso-style-priority:34;
1036        mso-style-unhide:no;
1037        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1038        mso-style-type:export-only;
1039        margin-top:0in;
1040        margin-right:0in;
1041        margin-bottom:0in;
1042        margin-left:.5in;
1043        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1044        mso-add-space:auto;
1045        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1046        font-size:12.0pt;
1047        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1048        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1049        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1050p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
1051        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1052        mso-style-priority:34;
1053        mso-style-unhide:no;
1054        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1055        mso-style-type:export-only;
1056        margin-top:0in;
1057        margin-right:0in;
1058        margin-bottom:0in;
1059        margin-left:.5in;
1060        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1061        mso-add-space:auto;
1062        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1063        font-size:12.0pt;
1064        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1065        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1066        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1067span.MsoIntenseReference
1068        {mso-style-priority:32;
1069        mso-style-unhide:no;
1070        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1071        font-variant:small-caps;
1072        color:#C0504D;
1073        mso-themecolor:accent2;
1074        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1075        font-weight:bold;
1076        text-decoration:underline;
1077        text-underline:single;}
1078span.Heading1Char
1079        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
1080        mso-style-priority:9;
1081        mso-style-unhide:no;
1082        mso-style-locked:yes;
1083        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
1084        mso-ansi-font-size:24.0pt;
1085        mso-bidi-font-size:24.0pt;
1086        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1087        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1088        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1089        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1090        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1091        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1092        mso-font-kerning:18.0pt;
1093        font-weight:bold;}
1094span.Heading2Char
1095        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
1096        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1097        mso-style-priority:9;
1098        mso-style-unhide:no;
1099        mso-style-locked:yes;
1100        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
1101        mso-ansi-font-size:18.0pt;
1102        mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
1103        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1104        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1105        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1106        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1107        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1108        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1109        font-weight:bold;}
1110span.Heading3Char
1111        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
1112        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1113        mso-style-priority:9;
1114        mso-style-unhide:no;
1115        mso-style-locked:yes;
1116        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
1117        mso-ansi-font-size:13.5pt;
1118        mso-bidi-font-size:13.5pt;
1119        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1120        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1121        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1122        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1123        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1124        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1125        font-weight:bold;}
1126span.Heading4Char
1127        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
1128        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1129        mso-style-priority:9;
1130        mso-style-unhide:no;
1131        mso-style-locked:yes;
1132        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
1133        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
1134        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
1135        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1136        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1137        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1138        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1139        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1140        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1141        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1142        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1143        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1144        color:#4F81BD;
1145        mso-themecolor:accent1;
1146        font-weight:bold;
1147        font-style:italic;}
1148span.Heading5Char
1149        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
1150        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1151        mso-style-priority:9;
1152        mso-style-unhide:no;
1153        mso-style-locked:yes;
1154        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
1155        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
1156        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
1157        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1158        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1159        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1160        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1161        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1162        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1163        color:#4F4FFF;
1164        font-weight:bold;}
1165span.HTMLPreformattedChar
1166        {mso-style-name:"HTML Preformatted Char";
1167        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1168        mso-style-priority:99;
1169        mso-style-unhide:no;
1170        mso-style-locked:yes;
1171        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted";
1172        font-family:"Courier New";
1173        mso-ascii-font-family:"Courier New";
1174        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1175        mso-hansi-font-family:"Courier New";
1176        mso-bidi-font-family:"Courier New";}
1177p.msonormal0, li.msonormal0, div.msonormal0
1178        {mso-style-name:msonormal;
1179        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1180        mso-style-priority:99;
1181        mso-style-unhide:no;
1182        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
1183        margin-right:0in;
1184        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
1185        margin-left:0in;
1186        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1187        font-size:12.0pt;
1188        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1189        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1190        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1191span.TitleChar
1192        {mso-style-name:"Title Char";
1193        mso-style-priority:10;
1194        mso-style-unhide:no;
1195        mso-style-locked:yes;
1196        mso-style-link:Title;
1197        mso-ansi-font-size:26.0pt;
1198        mso-bidi-font-size:26.0pt;
1199        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1200        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1201        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1202        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1203        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1204        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1205        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1206        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1207        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1208        color:#17365D;
1209        mso-themecolor:text2;
1210        mso-themeshade:191;
1211        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1212        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
1213span.DocumentMapChar
1214        {mso-style-name:"Document Map Char";
1215        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1216        mso-style-priority:99;
1217        mso-style-unhide:no;
1218        mso-style-locked:yes;
1219        mso-style-link:"Document Map";
1220        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
1221        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
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1303</head>
1304
1305<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
1306
1307<div class=WordSection1>
1308
1309<h1>Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II</h1>
1310
1311<P><B>A video version of this tutorial is available at
1312<A href="https://anl.box.com/v/Strainfittingof2DdatainGSAS-II" target="_blank">
1313https://anl.box.com/v/Strainfittingof2DdatainGSAS-II</A></B></P>
1314
1315<p class=MsoNormal>For this tutorial, data were collected with a MAR2300 area
1316detector at APS 1-ID-C with a wavelength 0.12398 Å (100<span style='font-family:
1317Symbol'>m</span>m diameter beam) from a 1.5mm square hot rolled steel test specimen;
1318the front surface has been dusted with some CeO<sub>2</sub> to aid in
1319calibration. Three images are used here; one is with no load on the sample and
1320the other two are with the sample under tension along the y-axis (vertical).
1321The loading will distort the steel (ferrite &amp; austenite) diffraction rings
1322and our purpose here is to characterize this distortion via a strain model by
1323B. B. He &amp; K. L. Smith (Adv. in X-ray Anal. 41, 501, 1997). Note that menu
1324entries are listed in <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1325style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1326mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>bold face</span></b>
1327below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1328mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1329minor-latin'>Help/About GSAS-II</span></b>, which lists first the name of the
1330menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1331"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1332minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help</span></b>) and second the
1333name of the entry in the menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1334style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1335mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).</p>
1336
1337<h2>Step 1: Start GSAS-II and read the images</h2>
1338
1339<p class=MsoNormal>Use the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1340style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1341mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Data/Read image data</span></b> menu item to
1342read the data file into a new GSAS-II project. A file selection dialog will be
1343shown; its appearance will depend on your OS. Change the search directory to <b
1344style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1345mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1346minor-latin'>2Dstrain/data</span></b> and then select the files <b
1347style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1348mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1349minor-latin'>nx09_strain_001.mar2300<span class=GramE>, <span style='font-family:
1350"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:normal'><span
1351style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></span>nx09</span>_strain_006.mar2300 </span></b>and
1352<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1353mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>nx09_strain_011.mar2300</span></b>
1354and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1355mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1356minor-latin'>Open</span></b>.<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'> Select the 1<sup>st</sup>
1357image (001) from the GSAS-II data tree and select </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1358normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1359minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Image Controls</span></b><span
1360style='mso-no-proof:yes'>; adjust the </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1361normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1362minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Max intensity</span></b><span
1363style='mso-no-proof:yes'> so that the CeO2 rings are visible (~1500 will
1364suffice or 99%). You should see:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1365
1366<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype
1367 id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t"
1368 path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f" stroked="f">
1369 <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/>
1370 <v:formulas>
1371  <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/>
1372  <v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"/>
1373  <v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"/>
1374  <v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"/>
1375  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1376  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1377  <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/>
1378  <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/>
1379  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1380  <v:f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"/>
1381  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1382  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1383 </v:formulas>
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1385 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
1386</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_22" o:spid="_x0000_i1046" type="#_x0000_t75"
1387 style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1388 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image002.png"
1389  o:title=""/>
1390</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1391src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image001.png"
1392v:shapes="Picture_x0020_22"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1393
1394<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>For the image and <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1395
1396<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1397 id="Picture_x0020_23" o:spid="_x0000_i1045" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1398 height:225.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1399 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image005.png"
1400  o:title=""/>
1401</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=301
1402src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image003.png"
1403v:shapes="Picture_x0020_23"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1404
1405<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>for the controls.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1406
1407<h2>Step 2: Calibration of the detector position</h2>
1408
1409<p class=MsoNormal>This image is a superposition of three diffraction patterns;
1410CeO<sub>2</sub> calibrant, ferrite (BCC iron) and austenite (FCC iron).
1411Consequently the calibration needs to be done with some care; the steps are as
1412follows:</p>
1413
1414<p class=MsoNormal>Set the wavelength to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1415style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1416mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>0.12398</span></b></p>
1417
1418<p class=MsoNormal>Set the calibrant to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1419style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1420mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>CeO2 SRM674b<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1421
1422<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1423style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1424mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Min <span class=SpellE>calib</span> d-spacing</span></b>
1425to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1426mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1.09</span></b>;
1427this avoids picking a CeO<sub>2</sub> ring that overlaps one of the steel ones.</p>
1428
1429<p class=MsoNormal>Pick <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1430style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1431mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Show ring picks?</span></b> check box</p>
1432
1433<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1434style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1435mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Pixel search range</span></b> to <b
1436style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1437mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b>;
1438the rings are fairly widely separated will little chance for overlap.</p>
1439
1440<p class=MsoNormal>Use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1441style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1442mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calibration/Calibrate</span></b>, select 5
1443points on the inner CeO<sub>2</sub> ring with left mouse button and start
1444calibration with right mouse button. The result should be something like</p>
1445
1446<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1447 id="Picture_x0020_24" o:spid="_x0000_i1044" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1448 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1449 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image021.png"
1450  o:title=""/>
1451</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1452src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
1453v:shapes="Picture_x0020_24"><![endif]></span></p>
1454
1455<p class=MsoNormal>I’ve zoomed in to show that the CeO2 rings are well fitted
1456and don’t overlap any of the more intense steel ones. The calibration results
1457show on the data window</p>
1458
1459<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1460 id="Picture_x0020_25" o:spid="_x0000_i1043" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1461 height:321pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1462 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image028.png"
1463  o:title=""/>
1464</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=428
1465src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image007.png"
1466v:shapes="Picture_x0020_25"><![endif]></span><span
1467style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1468
1469<p class=MsoNormal>and the console</p>
1470
1471<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1472 id="Picture_x0020_5" o:spid="_x0000_i1042" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:461.25pt;
1473 height:122.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1474 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image030.png"
1475  o:title=""/>
1476</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=615 height=163
1477src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image030.png"
1478v:shapes="Picture_x0020_5"><![endif]></span></p>
1479
1480<p class=MsoNormal>You should now copy these results to the other images. Use <span
1481class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1482"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1483minor-latin'>Parms</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1484style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1485mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>/Copy controls</span></b>; a popup dialog
1486will appear; select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1487style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1488mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set </span></b><span
1489class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1490"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1491minor-latin'>All</span></b></span> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1492style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1493mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>.</p>
1494
1495<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 3: Fitting unstrained steel</h2>
1496
1497<p class=MsoNormal>In this step you will select the diffraction rings to be
1498analyzed for strain; it is best to pick a few CeO<sub>2</sub> ones as well to
1499confirm that the sample position does not shift during loading. Select the
1500first image (001) and the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1501style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1502mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> tree item. An empty
1503plot (“Strain”) will appear and the initial Stress/Strain data window</p>
1504
1505<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1506 id="Picture_x0020_34" o:spid="_x0000_i1041" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1507 height:237pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1508 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image029.png"
1509  o:title=""/>
1510</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=316
1511src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image008.png"
1512v:shapes="Picture_x0020_34"><![endif]></span><span
1513style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1514
1515<p class=MsoNormal>Change <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1516style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1517mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample delta-z</span></b> to <b
1518style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1519mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-0.75</span></b>
1520since center of the steel sample is that much closer to the detector than the
1521CeO<sub>2</sub> calibrant. Then select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1522style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1523mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder Image</span></b> and follow the
1524instruction to add a ring; press <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1525normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1526minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>a</span></b> and</span> use the
1527mouse left button to select a ring. Do as many as you like but be sure to
1528select some CeO<sub>2</sub> rings as well; it is useful to zoom in to help with
1529the selection, but make sure zoom buttons are off for the selection. You can
1530control the image display with the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1531style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1532mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b>. Each time you pick
1533a ring, GSAS-II show the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1534style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1535mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder Image</span></b> zoomed in where
1536you were looking before your selection. I chose 12 rings. Do <b
1537style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1538mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1539minor-latin'>Operations/Fit stress/strain;</span></b> the Strain plot is
1540updated to show</p>
1541
1542<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1543 id="Picture_x0020_35" o:spid="_x0000_i1040" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1544 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1545 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image034.png"
1546  o:title=""/>
1547</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1548src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image010.png"
1549v:shapes="Picture_x0020_35"><![endif]></span></p>
1550
1551<p class=MsoNormal>Notice that each ring is plotted in different colors (they
1552may be somewhat mixed for the two lines ~2Å! We will fix this next). The 2D
1553Powder Image shows the picks as well</p>
1554
1555<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1556 id="Picture_x0020_36" o:spid="_x0000_i1039" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1557 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1558 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image038.png"
1559  o:title=""/>
1560</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1561src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image011.png"
1562v:shapes="Picture_x0020_36"><![endif]></span></p>
1563
1564<p class=MsoNormal>And the rings are listed on the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1565normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1566minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data window;
1567a scroll bar allows easy access to all the entries.</p>
1568
1569<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1570 id="Picture_x0020_37" o:spid="_x0000_i1038" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1571 height:300.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1572 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image042.png"
1573  o:title=""/>
1574</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=401
1575src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image012.png"
1576v:shapes="Picture_x0020_37"><![endif]></span></p>
1577
1578<p class=MsoNormal>If necessary, we can now fix the mixing of the two 2Å lines;
1579change the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1580"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1581minor-latin'>Pixel search range</span></b> to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1582normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1583minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b> for both. Do <b
1584style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1585mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1586minor-latin'>Operations/Fit Stress <span class=GramE>Strain.</span></span></b>
1587After you are done the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1588style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1589mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b> plot should look like</p>
1590
1591<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1592 id="Picture_x0020_38" o:spid="_x0000_i1037" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1593 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1594 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image046.png"
1595  o:title=""/>
1596</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1597src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image013.png"
1598v:shapes="Picture_x0020_38"><![endif]></span></p>
1599
1600<p class=MsoNormal>We are now ready for the first strain fit; do <b
1601style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1602mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1603stress/strain</span></b>. Each ring will be fitted to the three strain tensor
1604elements (&#949;<sub>11</sub>, &#949;<sub>12</sub> &amp; &#949;<sub>22</sub>)
1605that can be determined from a single 2D diffraction ring. The resulting Strain
1606plot now shows curves calculated from the fitted tensor elements; these are
1607very nearly straight lines as expected from an unloaded sample.<span
1608style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>In particular the austenite 111 line (~2.08Å)
1609is much flatter than the ferrite 200 line (~2.03Å); this reflects the sample
1610history (hot rolled steel). The tensor elements with <span class=SpellE>esds</span>
1611are shown on the console and in the data window</p>
1612
1613<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1614 id="Picture_x0020_39" o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1615 height:300.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1616 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image048.png"
1617  o:title=""/>
1618</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=401
1619src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image014.png"
1620v:shapes="Picture_x0020_39"><![endif]></span><span
1621style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1622
1623<p class=MsoNormal>The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1624style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1625mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b>
1626is the average d-spacing around each ring; this can be used as the reference
1627d-spacing. If <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1628"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1629minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Poisson <span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b>
1630is checked then <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1631"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1632minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b>
1633is determined from <span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1634
1635<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1636
1637<p class=MsoNormal>If <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1638style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1639mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>e<sub>11</sub></span></b>
1640&lt; <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1641mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1642minor-latin'>e<sub>22</sub></span></b>: <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1643style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1644mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span
1645class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b> <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1646style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1647mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>= <span
1648class=SpellE>d<sub>min</sub></span>-(<span class=SpellE>d<sub>max</sub>-d<sub>min</sub></span>)/4</span></b>;
1649else: <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1650mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1651minor-latin'>d-zero <span class=SpellE>ave</span> = dmin+3*(<span class=SpellE>dmax-dmin</span>)<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1652
1653<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1654style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1655mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p>
1656
1657<p class=MsoNormal>Where <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1658normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1659minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d<sub>min</sub><span
1660class=GramE>,d<sub>max</sub></span></span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1661normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1662minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'> </span></b>are
1663the minimum and maximum d-<span class=SpellE>spacings</span> for a given
1664diffraction ring, thus selecting the place where the diffraction ring under
1665load would give a strain free value.</p>
1666
1667<p class=MsoNormal>Each d-zero value for this no load sample can be set to this
1668value; this will suppress any residual stress offset. To update all the d-zero
1669values to the calculated ones do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1670style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1671mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Update d-zero</span></b> then
1672repeat <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1673mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1674stress/strain</span></b>. Repeat as needed to make <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1675normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1676minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero</span></b> match <b
1677style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1678mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span
1679class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b> for all lines so that <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1680normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1681minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>h-<span
1682class=SpellE>mustrain</span></span></b> (= <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1683style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1684mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero/d-zero
1685<span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b> -1) is small (less than ~±250). I got
1686for the no load sample</p>
1687
1688<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1689 id="Picture_x0020_40" o:spid="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1690 height:221.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1691 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image050.png"
1692  o:title=""/>
1693</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=295
1694src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image015.png"
1695v:shapes="Picture_x0020_40"><![endif]></span></p>
1696
1697<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1698style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1699mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Ivar</span></b>
1700is the variance in the normalized ring intensity; <span class=GramE>if <span
1701style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>&gt;</span>0 the sample is textured in some
1702way. Finally you want this set of d-zero values to be applied to the images
1703from the loaded sample; do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1704style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1705mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Copy stress/strain</span></b> to
1706apply them to the other images.</p>
1707
1708<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 4: Sequential fitting of steel under load</h2>
1709
1710<p class=MsoNormal>For the result of the sequential fitting to make sense, we
1711need to enter the applied load for each image. Unfortunately, this must be done
1712by hand here because the load value is not in the image header. The loads are:
1713001: - 2.17425, 006: 527.917 and 011: 1004.41 all in <span class=SpellE>newtons</span>
1714(N). Each needs to be divided by the cross section area (2.25mm<sup>2</sup>) of
1715the sample; GSAS-II will do this bit of math for you, and this gives the values
1716in MPa. For image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1717style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1718mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>001</span></b> enter <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1719normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1720minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-2.17425/2.25</span></b> in the <b
1721style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1722mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load
1723(MPa)</span></b> box, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1724style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1725mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>527.917/2.25</span></b> for image <b
1726style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1727mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>006</span></b>
1728and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1729mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1004.41/2.25</span></b>
1730for image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1731mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>011</span></b>.
1732When done the data window for image 011 should look like</p>
1733
1734<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1735 id="Picture_x0020_41" o:spid="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1736 height:221.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1737 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image052.png"
1738  o:title=""/>
1739</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=295
1740src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image016.png"
1741v:shapes="Picture_x0020_41"><![endif]></span></p>
1742
1743<p class=MsoNormal>Note that if the beam line software has prepared the
1744appropriate file containing this information, it could be loaded via the <b
1745style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1746mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Load
1747sample data</span></b> menu item.</p>
1748
1749<p class=MsoNormal>Next, we do the sequential refinement. Do <b
1750style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1751mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/All
1752image fit</span></b> from the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1753style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1754mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data window menu
1755from any of the images. A popup window will show the selection of images</p>
1756
1757<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1758 id="Picture_x0020_14" o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:204.75pt;
1759 height:251.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1760 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image024.png"
1761  o:title=""/>
1762</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=273 height=335
1763src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image024.png"
1764v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14"><![endif]></span></p>
1765
1766<p class=MsoNormal>Press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1767style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1768mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set <span class=GramE>All</span></span></b>, all
1769boxes will be checked showing selection of the data sets. This also allows you
1770to instruct the sequential refinement to start at the last data set and proceed
1771backwards through them (<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1772style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1773mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Reverse order</span></b>). It also allows you
1774to instruct the sequential refinement to use the current parameters as starting
1775values for the next data set. This works in either direction and facilitates
1776the initial sequential refinements. Select just <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1777normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1778minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Copy to next</span></b> and press
1779<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1780mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>;
1781the sequential refinement will proceed very rapidly displaying results for each
1782data set on the console and finally ending by displaying the <b
1783style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1784mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sequential strain
1785fit result.<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1786
1787<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1788 id="Picture_x0020_42" o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:371.25pt;
1789 height:442.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1790 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image054.png"
1791  o:title=""/>
1792</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=495 height=590
1793src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image054.png"
1794v:shapes="Picture_x0020_42"><![endif]></span></p>
1795
1796<p class=MsoNormal>I only show the bottom of the listing. The data window shows
1797the results of the sequential fit.</p>
1798
1799<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1800 id="Picture_x0020_43" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1801 height:206.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1802 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image055.png"
1803  o:title=""/>
1804</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=275
1805src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image017.png"
1806v:shapes="Picture_x0020_43"><![endif]></span></p>
1807
1808<p class=MsoNormal>This table is the results of the sequential fit to the three
1809images. There are columns for each parameter. If you double click on a column
1810heading (try a steel e11 or e22 – I selected <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1811normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1812minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1<span class=GramE>;e22</span></span></b>
1813from my list). The plot shows the variation of this parameter with image
1814sequence; <span class=GramE>press ‘<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1815style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1816mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>s</span></b>’</span> and select <b
1817style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1818mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load</span></b>
1819and the plot will show (you’ll have to pick something else &amp; then back to <b
1820style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1821mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1822minor-latin'>1:e22</span></b>).</p>
1823
1824<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1825 id="Picture_x0020_44" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1826 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1827 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image057.png"
1828  o:title=""/>
1829</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1830src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image018.png"
1831v:shapes="Picture_x0020_44"><![endif]></span></p>
1832
1833<p class=MsoNormal>We can next fit this to a straight line. Select <b
1834style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1835mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Parametric
1836fit/Add equation</span></b>, select a variable (<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1837normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1838minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global</span></b>) in the 1<sup>st</sup>
1839pull down box (I chose <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1840style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1841mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1<span class=GramE>;e22</span></span></b>)
1842and enter <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1843mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m*<span
1844class=SpellE>x+b</span></span></b> in the equation box; the frame will change
1845to give selections for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1846style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1847mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1848normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1849minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b> &amp; <b
1850style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1851mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>.
1852Use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1853mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Free</span></b>
1854for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1855mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>
1856&amp; <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1857mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>
1858and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1859mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global/Sample
1860load</span></b> (at the bottom of list) for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1861normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1862minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b>. Then press <b
1863style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1864mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Fit</span></b>.
1865The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1866mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Expression
1867Editor</span></b> window should look like; press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1868normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1869minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b> to exit this
1870window.</p>
1871
1872<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1873 id="Picture_x0020_45" o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:465pt;
1874 height:255pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1875 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image059.png"
1876  o:title=""/>
1877</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=620 height=340
1878src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image059.png"
1879v:shapes="Picture_x0020_45"><![endif]></span></p>
1880
1881<p class=MsoNormal>And the console shows the parameters with <span
1882class=SpellE>esds</span></p>
1883
1884<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1885 id="Picture_x0020_46" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:450.75pt;
1886 height:128.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1887 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image060.png"
1888  o:title=""/>
1889</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=601 height=171
1890src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image060.png"
1891v:shapes="Picture_x0020_46"><![endif]></span></p>
1892
1893<p class=MsoNormal>The plot will show the best fit line</p>
1894
1895<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1896 id="Picture_x0020_27" o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1897 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1898 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image061.png"
1899  o:title=""/>
1900</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1901src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image019.png"
1902v:shapes="Picture_x0020_27"><![endif]></span></p>
1903
1904<p class=MsoNormal>You can explore other features of this facility; pick more
1905than one column (single click on the label) and the <span class=GramE><b
1906style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1907mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Selected</span></b></span><b
1908style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1909mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'> cols/Plot
1910selected</span></b> menu item to plot them together. </p>
1911
1912<p class=MsoNormal>To see the effect of stress on one diffraction line, select
1913the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1914mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b>
1915plot and zoom in on one line (I zoomed in on just one line; ferrite 211) from
1916image 011.</p>
1917
1918<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1919 id="Picture_x0020_28" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1920 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1921 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image063.png"
1922  o:title=""/>
1923</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1924src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image020.png"
1925v:shapes="Picture_x0020_28"><![endif]></span></p>
1926
1927<p class=MsoNormal>The dashed line gives the d-zero position. When you look at
1928the other lines, you should notice that the ones at ca. 3.13Å, 1.63Å, and 1.24Å
1929remain straight lines; these are from CeO<sub>2</sub> and should be unchanged
1930under load.</p>
1931
1932<p class=MsoNormal>Finally we can investigate the appearance of texture in the
1933ring intensities, do Operations/Plot intensity distribution. A new plot
1934appears; the ‘u’ key will change the curve offsets to get</p>
1935
1936<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1937 id="Picture_x0020_47" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1938 height:401.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1939 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image022.png"
1940  o:title=""/>
1941</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=624 height=535
1942src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image023.png"
1943v:shapes="Picture_x0020_47"><![endif]></span></p>
1944
1945<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1946
1947<p class=MsoNormal>The CeO<sub>2</sub> lines are straight (MRD=1.0) while lines
1948from the two steel phases show the effect of texture but little graininess.</p>
1949
1950<p class=MsoNormal>Again you could save the project with <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1951normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1952minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>File/Save
1953project</span></b> on the main <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1954style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1955mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>GSAS-II data
1956tree</span></b> menu <span class=GramE>although</span> it is not needed for any
1957further tutorials. The strain results from each image can be exported as a
1958comma delimited set of values which can easily be read by Microsoft Excel and
1959other spread sheet programs; see <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1960style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1961mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Export/Image data as/Strain CSV file</span></b>.</p>
1962
1963</div>
1964
1965</body>
1966
1967</html>
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