source: Tutorials/2DStrain/Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II.htm @ 2814

Last change on this file since 2814 was 2814, checked in by vondreele, 5 years ago

2D Strain update

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414  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List"/>
415  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading"/>
416  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List"/>
417  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid"/>
418  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/>
419  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 1"/>
420  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
421  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
422  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
423  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/>
424  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Revision"/>
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428  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" QFormat="true"
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432  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
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434  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
435  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
436  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
437  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
438  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
439  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
440  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
441  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
442  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
443  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
444  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
445  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
446  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
447  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
448  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
449  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
450  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
451  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
452  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
453  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
454  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
455  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
456  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
457  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
458  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
459  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
460  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
461  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
462  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
463  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
464  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
465  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
466  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
467  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
468  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
469  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
470  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
471  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
472  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
473  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
474  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
475  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
476  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
477  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
478  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
479  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
480  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
481  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
482  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
483  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
484  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
485  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
486  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
487  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
488  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
489  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
490  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
491  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
492  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
493  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
494  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
495  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
496  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
497  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
498  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
499  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
500  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
501  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
502  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
503  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
504  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
505  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
506  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
507  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
508  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true"
509   Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
510  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true"
511   Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
512  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true"
513   Name="Subtle Reference"/>
514  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true"
515   Name="Intense Reference"/>
516  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
517  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true"
518   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography"/>
519  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
520   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
521  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1"/>
522  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2"/>
523  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3"/>
524  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4"/>
525  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5"/>
526  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light"/>
527  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light"/>
528  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2"/>
529  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3"/>
530  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4"/>
531  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark"/>
532  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful"/>
533  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful"/>
534  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
535   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
536  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1"/>
537  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1"/>
538  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1"/>
539  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
540  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
541   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
542  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
543   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
544  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
545   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
546  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2"/>
547  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2"/>
548  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2"/>
549  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
550  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
551   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
552  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
553   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
554  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
555   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
556  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3"/>
557  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3"/>
558  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3"/>
559  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
560  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
561   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
562  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
563   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
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571   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
572  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
573   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
574  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
575   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
576  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5"/>
577  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5"/>
578  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5"/>
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580  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
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585   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
586  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6"/>
587  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6"/>
588  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6"/>
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591   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
592  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
593   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
594  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light"/>
595  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2"/>
596  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3"/>
597  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4"/>
598  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark"/>
599  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful"/>
600  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful"/>
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602   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
603  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1"/>
604  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1"/>
605  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1"/>
606  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
607  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
608   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
609  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
610   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
611  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
612   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
613  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2"/>
614  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2"/>
615  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2"/>
616  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
617  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
618   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
619  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
620   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
621  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
622   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
623  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3"/>
624  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3"/>
625  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3"/>
626  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
627  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
628   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
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631  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
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635  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 4"/>
636  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
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641  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
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643  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5"/>
644  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5"/>
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646  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
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648   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
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653  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6"/>
654  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6"/>
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657  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
658   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
659  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
660   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
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783        margin-left:0in;
784        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
785        mso-outline-level:5;
786        font-size:12.0pt;
787        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
788        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
789        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
790        color:#4F4FFF;
791        font-weight:bold;}
792p.MsoTitle, li.MsoTitle, div.MsoTitle
793        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
794        mso-style-priority:10;
795        mso-style-unhide:no;
796        mso-style-qformat:yes;
797        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
798        mso-style-next:Normal;
799        margin-top:0in;
800        margin-right:0in;
801        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
802        margin-left:0in;
803        mso-add-space:auto;
804        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
805        border:none;
806        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
807        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
808        padding:0in;
809        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
810        font-size:26.0pt;
811        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
812        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
813        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
814        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
815        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
816        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
817        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
818        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
819        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
820        color:#17365D;
821        mso-themecolor:text2;
822        mso-themeshade:191;
823        letter-spacing:.25pt;
824        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
825p.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, li.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, div.MsoTitleCxSpFirst
826        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
827        mso-style-priority:10;
828        mso-style-unhide:no;
829        mso-style-qformat:yes;
830        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
831        mso-style-next:Normal;
832        mso-style-type:export-only;
833        margin:0in;
834        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
835        mso-add-space:auto;
836        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
837        border:none;
838        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
839        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
840        padding:0in;
841        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
842        font-size:26.0pt;
843        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
844        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
845        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
846        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
847        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
848        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
849        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
850        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
851        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
852        color:#17365D;
853        mso-themecolor:text2;
854        mso-themeshade:191;
855        letter-spacing:.25pt;
856        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
857p.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, li.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, div.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle
858        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
859        mso-style-priority:10;
860        mso-style-unhide:no;
861        mso-style-qformat:yes;
862        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
863        mso-style-next:Normal;
864        mso-style-type:export-only;
865        margin:0in;
866        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
867        mso-add-space:auto;
868        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
869        border:none;
870        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
871        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
872        padding:0in;
873        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
874        font-size:26.0pt;
875        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
876        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
877        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
878        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
879        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
880        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
881        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
882        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
883        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
884        color:#17365D;
885        mso-themecolor:text2;
886        mso-themeshade:191;
887        letter-spacing:.25pt;
888        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
889p.MsoTitleCxSpLast, li.MsoTitleCxSpLast, div.MsoTitleCxSpLast
890        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
891        mso-style-priority:10;
892        mso-style-unhide:no;
893        mso-style-qformat:yes;
894        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
895        mso-style-next:Normal;
896        mso-style-type:export-only;
897        margin-top:0in;
898        margin-right:0in;
899        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
900        margin-left:0in;
901        mso-add-space:auto;
902        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
903        border:none;
904        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
905        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
906        padding:0in;
907        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
908        font-size:26.0pt;
909        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
910        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
911        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
912        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
913        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
914        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
915        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
916        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
917        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
918        color:#17365D;
919        mso-themecolor:text2;
920        mso-themeshade:191;
921        letter-spacing:.25pt;
922        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
923a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
924        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
925        mso-style-priority:99;
926        color:blue;
927        text-decoration:underline;
928        text-underline:single;}
929a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
930        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
931        mso-style-priority:99;
932        color:purple;
933        text-decoration:underline;
934        text-underline:single;}
935p.MsoDocumentMap, li.MsoDocumentMap, div.MsoDocumentMap
936        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
937        mso-style-priority:99;
938        mso-style-link:"Document Map Char";
939        margin:0in;
940        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
941        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
942        font-size:8.0pt;
943        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
944        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
945        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
946p
947        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
948        mso-style-priority:99;
949        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
950        margin-right:0in;
951        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
952        margin-left:0in;
953        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
954        font-size:12.0pt;
955        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
956        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
957        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
958pre
959        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
960        mso-style-priority:99;
961        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
962        margin:0in;
963        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
964        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
965        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
966        font-size:10.0pt;
967        font-family:"Courier New";
968        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
969p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
970        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
971        mso-style-priority:99;
972        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
973        margin:0in;
974        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
975        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
976        font-size:8.0pt;
977        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
978        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
979        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
980span.MsoPlaceholderText
981        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
982        mso-style-priority:99;
983        mso-style-unhide:no;
984        color:gray;}
985p.MsoNoSpacing, li.MsoNoSpacing, div.MsoNoSpacing
986        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
987        mso-style-priority:1;
988        mso-style-unhide:no;
989        mso-style-qformat:yes;
990        mso-style-parent:"";
991        margin:0in;
992        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
993        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
994        font-size:12.0pt;
995        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
996        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
997        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
998p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
999        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1000        mso-style-priority:34;
1001        mso-style-unhide:no;
1002        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1003        margin-top:0in;
1004        margin-right:0in;
1005        margin-bottom:0in;
1006        margin-left:.5in;
1007        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1008        mso-add-space:auto;
1009        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1010        font-size:12.0pt;
1011        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1012        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1013        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1014p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
1015        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1016        mso-style-priority:34;
1017        mso-style-unhide:no;
1018        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1019        mso-style-type:export-only;
1020        margin-top:0in;
1021        margin-right:0in;
1022        margin-bottom:0in;
1023        margin-left:.5in;
1024        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1025        mso-add-space:auto;
1026        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1027        font-size:12.0pt;
1028        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1029        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1030        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1031p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
1032        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1033        mso-style-priority:34;
1034        mso-style-unhide:no;
1035        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1036        mso-style-type:export-only;
1037        margin-top:0in;
1038        margin-right:0in;
1039        margin-bottom:0in;
1040        margin-left:.5in;
1041        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1042        mso-add-space:auto;
1043        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1044        font-size:12.0pt;
1045        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1046        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1047        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1048p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
1049        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1050        mso-style-priority:34;
1051        mso-style-unhide:no;
1052        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1053        mso-style-type:export-only;
1054        margin-top:0in;
1055        margin-right:0in;
1056        margin-bottom:0in;
1057        margin-left:.5in;
1058        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1059        mso-add-space:auto;
1060        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1061        font-size:12.0pt;
1062        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1063        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1064        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1065span.MsoIntenseReference
1066        {mso-style-priority:32;
1067        mso-style-unhide:no;
1068        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1069        font-variant:small-caps;
1070        color:#C0504D;
1071        mso-themecolor:accent2;
1072        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1073        font-weight:bold;
1074        text-decoration:underline;
1075        text-underline:single;}
1076span.Heading1Char
1077        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
1078        mso-style-priority:9;
1079        mso-style-unhide:no;
1080        mso-style-locked:yes;
1081        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
1082        mso-ansi-font-size:24.0pt;
1083        mso-bidi-font-size:24.0pt;
1084        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1085        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1086        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1087        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1088        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1089        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1090        mso-font-kerning:18.0pt;
1091        font-weight:bold;}
1092span.Heading2Char
1093        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
1094        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1095        mso-style-priority:9;
1096        mso-style-unhide:no;
1097        mso-style-locked:yes;
1098        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
1099        mso-ansi-font-size:18.0pt;
1100        mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
1101        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1102        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1103        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1104        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1105        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1106        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1107        font-weight:bold;}
1108span.Heading3Char
1109        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
1110        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1111        mso-style-priority:9;
1112        mso-style-unhide:no;
1113        mso-style-locked:yes;
1114        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
1115        mso-ansi-font-size:13.5pt;
1116        mso-bidi-font-size:13.5pt;
1117        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1118        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1119        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1120        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1121        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1122        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1123        font-weight:bold;}
1124span.Heading4Char
1125        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
1126        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1127        mso-style-priority:9;
1128        mso-style-unhide:no;
1129        mso-style-locked:yes;
1130        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
1131        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
1132        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
1133        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1134        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1135        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1136        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1137        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1138        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1139        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1140        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1141        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1142        color:#4F81BD;
1143        mso-themecolor:accent1;
1144        font-weight:bold;
1145        font-style:italic;}
1146span.Heading5Char
1147        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
1148        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1149        mso-style-priority:9;
1150        mso-style-unhide:no;
1151        mso-style-locked:yes;
1152        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
1153        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
1154        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
1155        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1156        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1157        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1158        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1159        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1160        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1161        color:#4F4FFF;
1162        font-weight:bold;}
1163span.HTMLPreformattedChar
1164        {mso-style-name:"HTML Preformatted Char";
1165        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1166        mso-style-priority:99;
1167        mso-style-unhide:no;
1168        mso-style-locked:yes;
1169        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted";
1170        font-family:"Courier New";
1171        mso-ascii-font-family:"Courier New";
1172        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1173        mso-hansi-font-family:"Courier New";
1174        mso-bidi-font-family:"Courier New";}
1175p.msonormal0, li.msonormal0, div.msonormal0
1176        {mso-style-name:msonormal;
1177        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1178        mso-style-priority:99;
1179        mso-style-unhide:no;
1180        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
1181        margin-right:0in;
1182        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
1183        margin-left:0in;
1184        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1185        font-size:12.0pt;
1186        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1187        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1188        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1189span.TitleChar
1190        {mso-style-name:"Title Char";
1191        mso-style-priority:10;
1192        mso-style-unhide:no;
1193        mso-style-locked:yes;
1194        mso-style-link:Title;
1195        mso-ansi-font-size:26.0pt;
1196        mso-bidi-font-size:26.0pt;
1197        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1198        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1199        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1200        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1201        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1202        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1203        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1204        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1205        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1206        color:#17365D;
1207        mso-themecolor:text2;
1208        mso-themeshade:191;
1209        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1210        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
1211span.DocumentMapChar
1212        {mso-style-name:"Document Map Char";
1213        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1214        mso-style-priority:99;
1215        mso-style-unhide:no;
1216        mso-style-locked:yes;
1217        mso-style-link:"Document Map";
1218        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
1219        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
1220        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
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1301</head>
1302
1303<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
1304
1305<div class=WordSection1>
1306
1307<h1>Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II</h1>
1308
1309<p class=MsoNormal>For this demo, data were collected with a MAR2300 area
1310detector at APS 1-ID-C with a wavelength 0.12398 Å (100<span style='font-family:
1311Symbol'>m</span>m diameter beam) from a 1.5mm square hot rolled steel test specimen;
1312the front surface has been dusted with some CeO<sub>2</sub> to aid in
1313calibration. Three images are used here; one is with no load on the sample and
1314the other two are with the sample under tension along the y-axis (vertical).
1315The loading will distort the steel (ferrite &amp; austenite) diffraction rings
1316and our purpose here is to characterize this distortion via a strain model by
1317B. B. He &amp; K. L. Smith (Adv. in X-ray Anal. 41, 501, 1997). Note that menu
1318entries are listed in <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1319style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1320mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>bold face</span></b>
1321below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1322mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1323minor-latin'>Help/About GSAS-II</span></b>, which lists first the name of the
1324menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1325"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1326minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help</span></b>) and second the
1327name of the entry in the menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1328style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1329mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).</p>
1330
1331<h2>Step 1: Start GSAS-II and read the images</h2>
1332
1333<p class=MsoNormal>Use the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1334style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1335mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Data/Read image data</span></b> menu item to
1336read the data file into a new GSAS-II project. A file selection dialog will be
1337shown; its appearance will depend on your OS. Change the search directory to <b
1338style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1339mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1340minor-latin'>2Dstrain/data</span></b> and then select the files <b
1341style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1342mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1343minor-latin'>nx09_strain_001.mar2300<span class=GramE>, <span style='font-family:
1344"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:normal'><span
1345style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></span>nx09</span>_strain_006.mar2300 </span></b>and
1346<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1347mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>nx09_strain_011.mar2300</span></b>
1348and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1349mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1350minor-latin'>Open</span></b>.<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'> Select the 1<sup>st</sup>
1351image (001) from the GSAS-II data tree and select </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1352normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1353minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Image Controls</span></b><span
1354style='mso-no-proof:yes'>; adjust the </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1355normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1356minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Max intensity</span></b><span
1357style='mso-no-proof:yes'> so that the CeO2 rings are visible (~1500 will
1358suffice or 99%). You should see:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1359
1360<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype
1361 id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t"
1362 path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f" stroked="f">
1363 <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/>
1364 <v:formulas>
1365  <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/>
1366  <v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"/>
1367  <v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"/>
1368  <v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"/>
1369  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1370  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1371  <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/>
1372  <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/>
1373  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1374  <v:f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"/>
1375  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1376  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1377 </v:formulas>
1378 <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/>
1379 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
1380</v:shapetype><v:shape id="_x0000_i1045" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1381 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1382 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image001.png"
1383  o:title=""/>
1384</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1385src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image001.png"
1386v:shapes="_x0000_i1045"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1387
1388<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>For the image and <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1389
1390<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1391 id="Picture_x0020_22" o:spid="_x0000_i1044" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:510.75pt;
1392 height:438.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1393 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image022.png"
1394  o:title=""/>
1395</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=681 height=585
1396src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image022.png"
1397v:shapes="Picture_x0020_22"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1398
1399<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>for the controls.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1400
1401<h2>Step 2: Calibration of the detector position</h2>
1402
1403<p class=MsoNormal>This image is a superposition of three diffraction patterns;
1404CeO<sub>2</sub> <span class=SpellE>calibrant</span>, ferrite (BCC iron) and
1405austenite (FCC iron). Consequently the calibration needs to be done with some
1406care; the steps are as follows:</p>
1407
1408<p class=MsoNormal>Set the wavelength to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1409style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1410mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>0.12398</span></b></p>
1411
1412<p class=MsoNormal>Set the <span class=SpellE>calibrant</span> to <b
1413style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1414mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>CeO2 SRM674b<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1415
1416<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1417style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1418mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Min <span class=SpellE>calib</span> d-spacing</span></b>
1419to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1420mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1.09</span></b>;
1421this avoids picking a CeO<sub>2</sub> ring that overlaps one of the steel ones.</p>
1422
1423<p class=MsoNormal>Pick <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1424style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1425mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Show ring picks?</span></b> check box</p>
1426
1427<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1428style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1429mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Pixel search range</span></b> to <b
1430style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1431mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b>;
1432the rings are fairly widely separated will little chance for overlap.</p>
1433
1434<p class=MsoNormal>Use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1435style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1436mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calibration/Calibrate</span></b>, select 5
1437points on the inner CeO<sub>2</sub> ring with left mouse button and start
1438calibration with right mouse button. The result should be something like</p>
1439
1440<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1441 id="_x0000_i1043" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;height:450pt;
1442 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1443 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image003.png"
1444  o:title=""/>
1445</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1446src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image003.png"
1447v:shapes="_x0000_i1043"><![endif]></span></p>
1448
1449<p class=MsoNormal>I’ve zoomed in to show that the CeO2 rings are well fitted
1450and don’t overlap any of the more intense steel ones. The calibration results
1451show on the data window</p>
1452
1453<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1454 id="_x0000_i1042" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:510.75pt;height:438.75pt;
1455 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
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1457  o:title=""/>
1458</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=681 height=585
1459src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image023.png"
1460v:shapes="_x0000_i1042"><![endif]></span><span
1461style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1462
1463<p class=MsoNormal>and the console</p>
1464
1465<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1466 id="Picture_x0020_24" o:spid="_x0000_i1041" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:744.75pt;
1467 height:120pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1468 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image024.png"
1469  o:title=""/>
1470</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=993 height=160
1471src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image024.png"
1472v:shapes="Picture_x0020_24"><![endif]></span></p>
1473
1474<p class=MsoNormal>You should now copy these results to the other image. Use <span
1475class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1476"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1477minor-latin'>Parms</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1478style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1479mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>/Copy controls</span></b>; a popup dialog
1480will appear; select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1481style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1482mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set </span></b><span
1483class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1484"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1485minor-latin'>All</span></b></span> and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1486style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1487mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>.</p>
1488
1489<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 3: Fitting unstrained steel</h2>
1490
1491<p class=MsoNormal>In this step you will select the diffraction rings to be
1492analyzed for strain; it is best to pick a few CeO<sub>2</sub> ones as well to
1493confirm that the sample position does not shift during loading. Select the
1494first image (001) and the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1495style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1496mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> tree item. An empty plot
1497(“Strain”) will appear and the initial Stress/Strain data window</p>
1498
1499<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1500 id="Picture_x0020_27" o:spid="_x0000_i1040" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:567pt;
1501 height:91.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1502 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
1503  o:title=""/>
1504</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=756 height=122
1505src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
1506v:shapes="Picture_x0020_27"><![endif]></span><span
1507style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1508
1509<p class=MsoNormal>Change <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1510style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1511mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample delta-z</span></b> to <b
1512style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1513mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-0.75</span></b>
1514since center of the steel sample is that much closer to the detector than the
1515CeO<sub>2</sub> <span class=SpellE>calibrant</span>. Then select <b
1516style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1517mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder
1518Image</span></b> and follow the instruction to add a ring; press <span
1519class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1520"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1521minor-latin'>a</span></b> and</span> use the mouse left button to select a
1522ring. Do as many as you like but be sure to select some CeO<sub>2</sub> rings
1523as well; it is useful to zoom in to help with the selection. You can control
1524the image display with the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1525style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1526mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b>. Each time you pick
1527a ring, GSAS-II show the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1528style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1529mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder Image</span></b> zoomed in where
1530you were looking before your selection. I chose 12 rings. Do <b
1531style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1532mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1533minor-latin'>Operations/Fit stress/strain;</span></b> the Strain plot is
1534updated to show</p>
1535
1536<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1537 id="Picture_x0020_28" o:spid="_x0000_i1039" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1538 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1539 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image007.png"
1540  o:title=""/>
1541</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1542src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image007.png"
1543v:shapes="Picture_x0020_28"><![endif]></span></p>
1544
1545<p class=MsoNormal>Notice that each ring is plotted in different colors (they may
1546be somewhat mixed for the two lines ~2Å! We will fix this next.)</p>
1547
1548<p class=MsoNormal>The 2D Powder Image shows the picks as well</p>
1549
1550<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1551 id="Picture_x0020_29" o:spid="_x0000_i1038" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1552 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1553 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image008.png"
1554  o:title=""/>
1555</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1556src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image008.png"
1557v:shapes="Picture_x0020_29"><![endif]></span></p>
1558
1559<p class=MsoNormal>And the rings are listed on the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1560normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1561minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data
1562window; a scroll bar allows easy access to all the entries.</p>
1563
1564<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1565 id="Picture_x0020_25" o:spid="_x0000_i1037" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:619.5pt;
1566 height:399pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1567 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image025.png"
1568  o:title=""/>
1569</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=826 height=532
1570src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image025.png"
1571v:shapes="Picture_x0020_25"><![endif]></span></p>
1572
1573<p class=MsoNormal>If necessary, we can now fix the mixing of the two 2Å lines;
1574change the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1575"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1576minor-latin'>Pixel search range</span></b> to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1577normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1578minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b> for both. Each
1579change will cause a refresh of the ring selections; after you are done the <b
1580style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1581mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b>
1582plot should look like</p>
1583
1584<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1585 id="Picture_x0020_31" o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1586 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1587 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image010.png"
1588  o:title=""/>
1589</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1590src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image010.png"
1591v:shapes="Picture_x0020_31"><![endif]></span></p>
1592
1593<p class=MsoNormal>We are now ready for the first strain fit; do <b
1594style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1595mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1596stress/strain</span></b>. Each ring will be fitted to the three strain tensor
1597elements (&#949;<sub>11</sub>, &#949;<sub>12</sub> &amp; &#949;<sub>22</sub>)
1598that can be determined from a single 2D diffraction ring. The resulting Strain
1599plot now shows curves calculated from the fitted tensor elements; these are very
1600nearly straight lines as expected from an unloaded sample.<span
1601style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>In particular the austenite 111 line (~2.08Å)
1602is much flatter than the ferrite 200 line (~2.03Å); this reflects the sample
1603history (hot rolled steel). The tensor elements with <span class=SpellE>esds</span>
1604are shown on the console and in the data window</p>
1605
1606<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1607 id="Picture_x0020_32" o:spid="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1608 height:432.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1609 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image011.png"
1610  o:title=""/>
1611</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=577
1612src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image011.png"
1613v:shapes="Picture_x0020_32"><![endif]></span><span
1614style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1615
1616<p class=MsoNormal>The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1617style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1618mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b>
1619is the average d-spacing around each ring; this can be used as the reference
1620d-spacing. Each d-zero value for this no load sample can be set to this value;
1621this will suppress any residual stress offset. To update all the d-zero values
1622to the calculated ones do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1623style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1624mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Update d-zero</span></b> then
1625repeat <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1626mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1627stress/strain</span></b>. Repeat as needed to make <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1628normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1629minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero</span></b> match <b
1630style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1631mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span
1632class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b> for all lines. I got for the no load sample</p>
1633
1634<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1635 id="Picture_x0020_33" o:spid="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1636 height:546pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1637 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image012.png"
1638  o:title=""/>
1639</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=728
1640src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image012.png"
1641v:shapes="Picture_x0020_33"><![endif]></span></p>
1642
1643<p class=MsoNormal>Finally you want this set of d-zero values to be applied to
1644the images from the loaded sample; do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1645style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1646mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Copy stress/strain</span></b> to
1647apply them to the other images.</p>
1648
1649<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 4: Sequential fitting of steel under load</h2>
1650
1651<p class=MsoNormal>For the result of the sequential fitting to make sense, we
1652need to enter the applied load for each image. Unfortunately, this must be done
1653by hand here because the load value is not the image header. The loads are:
1654001: - 2.17425, 006: 527.917 and 011: 1004.41 all in <span class=SpellE>newtons</span>
1655(N). Each needs to be divided by the cross section area (2.25mm<sup>2</sup>) of
1656the sample; GSAS-II will do this bit of math for you, and this gives the values
1657in MPa. For image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1658style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1659mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>001</span></b> enter <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1660normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1661minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-2.17425/2.25</span></b> in the <b
1662style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1663mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load
1664(MPa)</span></b> box, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1665style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1666mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>527.917/2.25</span></b> for image <b
1667style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1668mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>006</span></b>
1669and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1670mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1004.41/2.25</span></b>
1671for image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1672mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>011</span></b>.
1673When done the data window for image 011 should look like</p>
1674
1675<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1676 id="Picture_x0020_23" o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1677 height:357pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1678 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image013.png"
1679  o:title=""/>
1680</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=476
1681src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image013.png"
1682v:shapes="Picture_x0020_23"><![endif]></span></p>
1683
1684<p class=MsoNormal>Note that if the beam line software has prepared the
1685appropriate file containing this information; it could be loaded via the <b
1686style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1687mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Load
1688sample data</span></b> menu item.</p>
1689
1690<p class=MsoNormal>Next, we do the sequential refinement. Do <b
1691style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1692mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/All
1693image fit</span></b> from the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1694style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1695mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data window menu
1696from any of the images. A popup window will show the selection of images</p>
1697
1698<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1699 id="Picture_x0020_14" o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:240pt;
1700 height:231.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1701 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image014.png"
1702  o:title=""/>
1703</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=320 height=309
1704src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image014.png"
1705v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14"><![endif]></span></p>
1706
1707<p class=MsoNormal>Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1708style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1709mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set All</span></b>; all will show a check
1710box. Then do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1711"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1712minor-latin'>OK</span></b>; the sequential refinement will proceed doing each
1713image in turn. The console will show detailed results of the fitting for each
1714image with values and <span class=SpellE>esds</span> for each of the tensor
1715values.</p>
1716
1717<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1718 id="Picture_x0020_34" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:609.75pt;
1719 height:314.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1720 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image015.png"
1721  o:title=""/>
1722</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=813 height=419
1723src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image015.png"
1724v:shapes="Picture_x0020_34"><![endif]></span></p>
1725
1726<p class=MsoNormal>I only show the bottom of the listing; ignore the ‘no
1727phases” messages. The data window shows the results of the sequential fit.</p>
1728
1729<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1730 id="Picture_x0020_36" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1731 height:165pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1732 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image016.png"
1733  o:title=""/>
1734</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=220
1735src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image016.png"
1736v:shapes="Picture_x0020_36"><![endif]></span></p>
1737
1738<p class=MsoNormal>This table is the results of the sequential fit to the three
1739images. There are columns for each parameter; if you double click on a column
1740heading (try a steel e11 or e22 – I selected <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1741normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1742minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1<span class=GramE>;e22</span></span></b>
1743from my list). The plot shows the variation of this parameter with image
1744sequence; press ‘<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1745"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1746minor-latin'>s</span></b>’ and select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1747style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1748mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load</span></b> and the plot will show</p>
1749
1750<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1751 id="Picture_x0020_37" o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1752 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1753 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image017.png"
1754  o:title=""/>
1755</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1756src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image017.png"
1757v:shapes="Picture_x0020_37"><![endif]></span></p>
1758
1759<p class=MsoNormal>We can next fit this to a straight line. Select <b
1760style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1761mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Parametric
1762fit/Add equation</span></b>, select a variable (<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1763normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1764minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global</span></b>) in the 1<sup>st</sup>
1765pull down box (I chose <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1766style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1767mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1<span class=GramE>;e22</span></span></b>)
1768and enter <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1769mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m*<span
1770class=SpellE>x+b</span></span></b> in the equation box; the frame will change
1771to give selections for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1772style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1773mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1774normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1775minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b> &amp; <b
1776style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1777mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>.
1778Use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1779mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Free</span></b>
1780for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1781mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>
1782&amp; <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1783mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>
1784and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1785mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global/Sample
1786load</span></b> for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1787style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1788mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b>. Then press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1789normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1790minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Fit</span></b>. The <b
1791style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1792mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Expression
1793Editor</span></b> window should look like; press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1794normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1795minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b> to exit this
1796window.</p>
1797
1798<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1799 id="Picture_x0020_38" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:465pt;
1800 height:255pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1801 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image018.png"
1802  o:title=""/>
1803</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=620 height=340
1804src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image018.png"
1805v:shapes="Picture_x0020_38"><![endif]></span></p>
1806
1807<p class=MsoNormal>And the console shows the parameters with <span
1808class=SpellE>esds</span></p>
1809
1810<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1811 id="Picture_x0020_39" o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:609.75pt;
1812 height:134.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1813 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image019.png"
1814  o:title=""/>
1815</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=813 height=179
1816src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image019.png"
1817v:shapes="Picture_x0020_39"><![endif]></span></p>
1818
1819<p class=MsoNormal>The plot will show the best fit line</p>
1820
1821<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1822 id="Picture_x0020_40" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1823 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1824 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image020.png"
1825  o:title=""/>
1826</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1827src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image020.png"
1828v:shapes="Picture_x0020_40"><![endif]></span></p>
1829
1830<p class=MsoNormal>You can explore other features of this facility; pick more
1831than one column (single click on the label) and the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1832normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1833minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Selected cols/Plot selected</span></b>
1834menu item to plot them together. </p>
1835
1836<p class=MsoNormal>To see the effect of stress on one diffraction line, select
1837the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1838mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b>
1839plot and zoom in on one line (I zoomed in on just one line; ferrite 211) from
1840image 011.</p>
1841
1842<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1843 id="Picture_x0020_26" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1844 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1845 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image026.png"
1846  o:title=""/>
1847</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=600
1848src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image026.png"
1849v:shapes="Picture_x0020_26"><![endif]></span></p>
1850
1851<p class=MsoNormal>The dashed line gives the d-zero position. When you look at
1852the other lines, you should notice that the ones at ca. 3.13Å, 1.91Å, and 1.63Å
1853remain straight lines; these are from CeO<sub>2</sub> and should be unchanged
1854under load.</p>
1855
1856<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1857
1858<p class=MsoNormal>Again you could save the project with <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1859normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1860minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>File/Save
1861project</span></b> on the main <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1862style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1863mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>GSAS-II data
1864tree</span></b> menu although it is not needed for any further tutorials. The
1865strain results from each image can be exported as a comma delimited set of
1866values which can easily be read by Microsoft Excel and other spread sheet
1867programs; see <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1868"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1869minor-latin'>Export/Image data as/Strain CSV file</span></b>.</p>
1870
1871</div>
1872
1873</body>
1874
1875</html>
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