source: Tutorials/2DStrain/Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II.htm @ 2320

Last change on this file since 2320 was 2320, checked in by vondreele, 6 years ago
  • Property svn:mime-type set to text/html
File size: 89.2 KB
Line 
1<html xmlns:v="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml"
2xmlns:o="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office"
3xmlns:w="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word"
4xmlns:m="http://schemas.microsoft.com/office/2004/12/omml"
5xmlns="http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40">
6
7<head>
8<meta http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=windows-1252">
9<meta name=ProgId content=Word.Document>
10<meta name=Generator content="Microsoft Word 15">
11<meta name=Originator content="Microsoft Word 15">
12<link rel=File-List
13href="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/filelist.xml">
14<link rel=Edit-Time-Data
15href="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/editdata.mso">
16<!--[if !mso]>
17<style>
18v\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);}
19o\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);}
20w\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);}
21.shape {behavior:url(#default#VML);}
22</style>
23<![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
24 <o:DocumentProperties>
25  <o:Author>Von Dreele</o:Author>
26  <o:LastAuthor>Von Dreele</o:LastAuthor>
27  <o:Revision>14</o:Revision>
28  <o:TotalTime>732</o:TotalTime>
29  <o:Created>2014-01-13T15:39:00Z</o:Created>
30  <o:LastSaved>2016-05-27T17:22:00Z</o:LastSaved>
31  <o:Pages>1</o:Pages>
32  <o:Words>1230</o:Words>
33  <o:Characters>7013</o:Characters>
34  <o:Company>Argonne National Laboratory</o:Company>
35  <o:Lines>58</o:Lines>
36  <o:Paragraphs>16</o:Paragraphs>
37  <o:CharactersWithSpaces>8227</o:CharactersWithSpaces>
38  <o:Version>16.00</o:Version>
39 </o:DocumentProperties>
40 <o:OfficeDocumentSettings>
41  <o:AllowPNG/>
42 </o:OfficeDocumentSettings>
43</xml><![endif]-->
44<link rel=themeData
45href="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/themedata.thmx">
46<link rel=colorSchemeMapping
47href="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/colorschememapping.xml">
48<!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
49 <w:WordDocument>
50  <w:SpellingState>Clean</w:SpellingState>
51  <w:GrammarState>Clean</w:GrammarState>
52  <w:TrackMoves>false</w:TrackMoves>
53  <w:TrackFormatting/>
54  <w:PunctuationKerning/>
55  <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/>
56  <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>
57  <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent>
58  <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>
59  <w:DoNotPromoteQF/>
60  <w:LidThemeOther>EN-US</w:LidThemeOther>
61  <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian>
62  <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript>
63  <w:Compatibility>
64   <w:BreakWrappedTables/>
65   <w:SnapToGridInCell/>
66   <w:WrapTextWithPunct/>
67   <w:UseAsianBreakRules/>
68   <w:DontGrowAutofit/>
69   <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark/>
70   <w:DontVertAlignCellWithSp/>
71   <w:DontBreakConstrainedForcedTables/>
72   <w:DontVertAlignInTxbx/>
73   <w:Word11KerningPairs/>
74   <w:CachedColBalance/>
75   <w:EnableOpenTypeKerning/>
76   <w:DontFlipMirrorIndents/>
77   <w:OverrideTableStyleHps/>
78  </w:Compatibility>
79  <w:BrowserLevel>MicrosoftInternetExplorer4</w:BrowserLevel>
80  <m:mathPr>
81   <m:mathFont m:val="Cambria Math"/>
82   <m:brkBin m:val="before"/>
83   <m:brkBinSub m:val="&#45;-"/>
84   <m:smallFrac m:val="off"/>
85   <m:dispDef/>
86   <m:lMargin m:val="0"/>
87   <m:rMargin m:val="0"/>
88   <m:defJc m:val="centerGroup"/>
89   <m:wrapIndent m:val="1440"/>
90   <m:intLim m:val="subSup"/>
91   <m:naryLim m:val="undOvr"/>
92  </m:mathPr></w:WordDocument>
93</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
94 <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" DefUnhideWhenUsed="false"
95  DefSemiHidden="false" DefQFormat="false" DefPriority="99"
96  LatentStyleCount="371">
97  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="0" QFormat="true" Name="Normal"/>
98  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 1"/>
99  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true"
100   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 2"/>
101  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true"
102   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 3"/>
103  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true"
104   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 4"/>
105  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true"
106   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 5"/>
107  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true"
108   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 6"/>
109  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true"
110   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 7"/>
111  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true"
112   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 8"/>
113  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true"
114   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 9"/>
115  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
116   Name="index 1"/>
117  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
118   Name="index 2"/>
119  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
120   Name="index 3"/>
121  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
122   Name="index 4"/>
123  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
124   Name="index 5"/>
125  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
126   Name="index 6"/>
127  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
128   Name="index 7"/>
129  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
130   Name="index 8"/>
131  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
132   Name="index 9"/>
133  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
134   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 1"/>
135  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
136   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 2"/>
137  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
138   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 3"/>
139  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
140   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 4"/>
141  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
142   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 5"/>
143  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
144   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 6"/>
145  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
146   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 7"/>
147  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
148   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 8"/>
149  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
150   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 9"/>
151  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
152   Name="Normal Indent"/>
153  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
154   Name="footnote text"/>
155  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
156   Name="annotation text"/>
157  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
158   Name="header"/>
159  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
160   Name="footer"/>
161  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
162   Name="index heading"/>
163  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="35" SemiHidden="true"
164   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="caption"/>
165  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
166   Name="table of figures"/>
167  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
168   Name="envelope address"/>
169  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
170   Name="envelope return"/>
171  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
172   Name="footnote reference"/>
173  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
174   Name="annotation reference"/>
175  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
176   Name="line number"/>
177  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
178   Name="page number"/>
179  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
180   Name="endnote reference"/>
181  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
182   Name="endnote text"/>
183  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
184   Name="table of authorities"/>
185  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
186   Name="macro"/>
187  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
188   Name="toa heading"/>
189  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
190   Name="List"/>
191  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
192   Name="List Bullet"/>
193  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
194   Name="List Number"/>
195  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
196   Name="List 2"/>
197  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
198   Name="List 3"/>
199  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
200   Name="List 4"/>
201  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
202   Name="List 5"/>
203  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
204   Name="List Bullet 2"/>
205  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
206   Name="List Bullet 3"/>
207  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
208   Name="List Bullet 4"/>
209  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
210   Name="List Bullet 5"/>
211  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
212   Name="List Number 2"/>
213  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
214   Name="List Number 3"/>
215  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
216   Name="List Number 4"/>
217  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
218   Name="List Number 5"/>
219  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="10" QFormat="true" Name="Title"/>
220  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
221   Name="Closing"/>
222  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
223   Name="Signature"/>
224  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" SemiHidden="true"
225   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Default Paragraph Font"/>
226  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
227   Name="Body Text"/>
228  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
229   Name="Body Text Indent"/>
230  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
231   Name="List Continue"/>
232  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
233   Name="List Continue 2"/>
234  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
235   Name="List Continue 3"/>
236  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
237   Name="List Continue 4"/>
238  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
239   Name="List Continue 5"/>
240  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
241   Name="Message Header"/>
242  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="11" QFormat="true" Name="Subtitle"/>
243  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
244   Name="Salutation"/>
245  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
246   Name="Date"/>
247  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
248   Name="Body Text First Indent"/>
249  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
250   Name="Body Text First Indent 2"/>
251  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
252   Name="Note Heading"/>
253  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
254   Name="Body Text 2"/>
255  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
256   Name="Body Text 3"/>
257  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
258   Name="Body Text Indent 2"/>
259  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
260   Name="Body Text Indent 3"/>
261  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
262   Name="Block Text"/>
263  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
264   Name="Hyperlink"/>
265  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
266   Name="FollowedHyperlink"/>
267  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="22" QFormat="true" Name="Strong"/>
268  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="20" QFormat="true" Name="Emphasis"/>
269  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
270   Name="Document Map"/>
271  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
272   Name="Plain Text"/>
273  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
274   Name="E-mail Signature"/>
275  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
276   Name="HTML Top of Form"/>
277  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
278   Name="HTML Bottom of Form"/>
279  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
280   Name="Normal (Web)"/>
281  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
282   Name="HTML Acronym"/>
283  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
284   Name="HTML Address"/>
285  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
286   Name="HTML Cite"/>
287  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
288   Name="HTML Code"/>
289  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
290   Name="HTML Definition"/>
291  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
292   Name="HTML Keyboard"/>
293  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
294   Name="HTML Preformatted"/>
295  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
296   Name="HTML Sample"/>
297  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
298   Name="HTML Typewriter"/>
299  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
300   Name="HTML Variable"/>
301  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
302   Name="Normal Table"/>
303  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
304   Name="annotation subject"/>
305  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
306   Name="No List"/>
307  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
308   Name="Outline List 1"/>
309  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
310   Name="Outline List 2"/>
311  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
312   Name="Outline List 3"/>
313  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
314   Name="Table Simple 1"/>
315  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
316   Name="Table Simple 2"/>
317  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
318   Name="Table Simple 3"/>
319  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
320   Name="Table Classic 1"/>
321  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
322   Name="Table Classic 2"/>
323  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
324   Name="Table Classic 3"/>
325  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
326   Name="Table Classic 4"/>
327  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
328   Name="Table Colorful 1"/>
329  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
330   Name="Table Colorful 2"/>
331  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
332   Name="Table Colorful 3"/>
333  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
334   Name="Table Columns 1"/>
335  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
336   Name="Table Columns 2"/>
337  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
338   Name="Table Columns 3"/>
339  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
340   Name="Table Columns 4"/>
341  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
342   Name="Table Columns 5"/>
343  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
344   Name="Table Grid 1"/>
345  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
346   Name="Table Grid 2"/>
347  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
348   Name="Table Grid 3"/>
349  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
350   Name="Table Grid 4"/>
351  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
352   Name="Table Grid 5"/>
353  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
354   Name="Table Grid 6"/>
355  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
356   Name="Table Grid 7"/>
357  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
358   Name="Table Grid 8"/>
359  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
360   Name="Table List 1"/>
361  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
362   Name="Table List 2"/>
363  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
364   Name="Table List 3"/>
365  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
366   Name="Table List 4"/>
367  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
368   Name="Table List 5"/>
369  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
370   Name="Table List 6"/>
371  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
372   Name="Table List 7"/>
373  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
374   Name="Table List 8"/>
375  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
376   Name="Table 3D effects 1"/>
377  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
378   Name="Table 3D effects 2"/>
379  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
380   Name="Table 3D effects 3"/>
381  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
382   Name="Table Contemporary"/>
383  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
384   Name="Table Elegant"/>
385  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
386   Name="Table Professional"/>
387  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
388   Name="Table Subtle 1"/>
389  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
390   Name="Table Subtle 2"/>
391  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
392   Name="Table Web 1"/>
393  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
394   Name="Table Web 2"/>
395  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
396   Name="Table Web 3"/>
397  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
398   Name="Balloon Text"/>
399  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="59" Name="Table Grid"/>
400  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true"
401   Name="Table Theme"/>
402  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Placeholder Text"/>
403  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" QFormat="true" Name="No Spacing"/>
404  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading"/>
405  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List"/>
406  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid"/>
407  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1"/>
408  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2"/>
409  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1"/>
410  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2"/>
411  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1"/>
412  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2"/>
413  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3"/>
414  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List"/>
415  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading"/>
416  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List"/>
417  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid"/>
418  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/>
419  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 1"/>
420  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
421  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
422  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
423  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/>
424  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Revision"/>
425  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="34" QFormat="true"
426   Name="List Paragraph"/>
427  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" QFormat="true" Name="Quote"/>
428  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" QFormat="true"
429   Name="Intense Quote"/>
430  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1"/>
431  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1"/>
432  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
433  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1"/>
434  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
435  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
436  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
437  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
438  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
439  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
440  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
441  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
442  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
443  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
444  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
445  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
446  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
447  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
448  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
449  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
450  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
451  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
452  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
453  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
454  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
455  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
456  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
457  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
458  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
459  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
460  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
461  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
462  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
463  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
464  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
465  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
466  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
467  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
468  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
469  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
470  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
471  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
472  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
473  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
474  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
475  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
476  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
477  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
478  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
479  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
480  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
481  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
482  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
483  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
484  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
485  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
486  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
487  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
488  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
489  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
490  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
491  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
492  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
493  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
494  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
495  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
496  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
497  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
498  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
499  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
500  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
501  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
502  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
503  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
504  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
505  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
506  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
507  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
508  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true"
509   Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
510  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true"
511   Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
512  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true"
513   Name="Subtle Reference"/>
514  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true"
515   Name="Intense Reference"/>
516  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
517  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true"
518   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography"/>
519  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
520   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
521  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1"/>
522  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2"/>
523  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3"/>
524  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4"/>
525  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5"/>
526  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light"/>
527  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light"/>
528  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2"/>
529  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3"/>
530  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4"/>
531  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark"/>
532  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful"/>
533  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful"/>
534  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
535   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
536  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1"/>
537  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1"/>
538  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1"/>
539  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
540  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
541   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
542  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
543   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
544  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
545   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
546  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2"/>
547  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2"/>
548  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2"/>
549  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
550  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
551   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
552  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
553   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
554  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
555   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
556  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3"/>
557  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3"/>
558  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3"/>
559  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
560  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
561   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
562  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
563   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
564  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
565   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
566  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 4"/>
567  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 4"/>
568  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 4"/>
569  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
570  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
571   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
572  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
573   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
574  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
575   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
576  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5"/>
577  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5"/>
578  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5"/>
579  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
580  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
581   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
582  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
583   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
584  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
585   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
586  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6"/>
587  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6"/>
588  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6"/>
589  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
590  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
591   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
592  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
593   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
594  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light"/>
595  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2"/>
596  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3"/>
597  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4"/>
598  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark"/>
599  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful"/>
600  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful"/>
601  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
602   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
603  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1"/>
604  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1"/>
605  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1"/>
606  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
607  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
608   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
609  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
610   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
611  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
612   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
613  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2"/>
614  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2"/>
615  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2"/>
616  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
617  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
618   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
619  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
620   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
621  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
622   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
623  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3"/>
624  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3"/>
625  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3"/>
626  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
627  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
628   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
629  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
630   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
631  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
632   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
633  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 4"/>
634  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 4"/>
635  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 4"/>
636  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
637  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
638   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
639  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
640   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
641  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
642   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
643  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5"/>
644  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5"/>
645  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 5"/>
646  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
647  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
648   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
649  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
650   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
651  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
652   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
653  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6"/>
654  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6"/>
655  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 6"/>
656  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
657  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
658   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
659  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
660   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
661 </w:LatentStyles>
662</xml><![endif]-->
663<style>
664<!--
665 /* Font Definitions */
666 @font-face
667        {font-family:"Cambria Math";
668        panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4;
669        mso-font-charset:0;
670        mso-generic-font-family:roman;
671        mso-font-pitch:variable;
672        mso-font-signature:-536870145 1107305727 0 0 415 0;}
673@font-face
674        {font-family:Calibri;
675        panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4;
676        mso-font-charset:0;
677        mso-generic-font-family:swiss;
678        mso-font-pitch:variable;
679        mso-font-signature:-536870145 1073786111 1 0 415 0;}
680@font-face
681        {font-family:Tahoma;
682        panose-1:2 11 6 4 3 5 4 4 2 4;
683        mso-font-charset:0;
684        mso-generic-font-family:swiss;
685        mso-font-pitch:variable;
686        mso-font-signature:-520081665 -1073717157 41 0 66047 0;}
687 /* Style Definitions */
688 p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal
689        {mso-style-unhide:no;
690        mso-style-qformat:yes;
691        mso-style-parent:"";
692        margin:0in;
693        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
694        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
695        font-size:12.0pt;
696        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
697        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
698        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
699h1
700        {mso-style-priority:9;
701        mso-style-unhide:no;
702        mso-style-qformat:yes;
703        mso-style-link:"Heading 1 Char";
704        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
705        margin-right:0in;
706        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
707        margin-left:0in;
708        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
709        mso-outline-level:1;
710        font-size:24.0pt;
711        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
712        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
713        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
714        font-weight:bold;}
715h2
716        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
717        mso-style-priority:9;
718        mso-style-qformat:yes;
719        mso-style-link:"Heading 2 Char";
720        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
721        margin-right:0in;
722        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
723        margin-left:0in;
724        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
725        mso-outline-level:2;
726        font-size:18.0pt;
727        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
728        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
729        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
730        font-weight:bold;}
731h3
732        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
733        mso-style-priority:9;
734        mso-style-qformat:yes;
735        mso-style-link:"Heading 3 Char";
736        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
737        margin-right:0in;
738        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
739        margin-left:0in;
740        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
741        mso-outline-level:3;
742        font-size:13.5pt;
743        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
744        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
745        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
746        font-weight:bold;}
747h4
748        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
749        mso-style-priority:9;
750        mso-style-qformat:yes;
751        mso-style-link:"Heading 4 Char";
752        mso-style-next:Normal;
753        margin-top:10.0pt;
754        margin-right:0in;
755        margin-bottom:0in;
756        margin-left:0in;
757        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
758        mso-pagination:widow-orphan lines-together;
759        page-break-after:avoid;
760        mso-outline-level:4;
761        font-size:13.0pt;
762        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
763        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
764        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
765        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
766        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
767        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
768        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
769        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
770        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
771        color:#4F81BD;
772        mso-themecolor:accent1;
773        font-weight:bold;
774        font-style:italic;}
775h5
776        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
777        mso-style-priority:9;
778        mso-style-qformat:yes;
779        mso-style-link:"Heading 5 Char";
780        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
781        margin-right:0in;
782        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
783        margin-left:0in;
784        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
785        mso-outline-level:5;
786        font-size:12.0pt;
787        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
788        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
789        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
790        color:#4F4FFF;
791        font-weight:bold;}
792p.MsoTitle, li.MsoTitle, div.MsoTitle
793        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
794        mso-style-priority:10;
795        mso-style-unhide:no;
796        mso-style-qformat:yes;
797        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
798        mso-style-next:Normal;
799        margin-top:0in;
800        margin-right:0in;
801        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
802        margin-left:0in;
803        mso-add-space:auto;
804        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
805        border:none;
806        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
807        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
808        padding:0in;
809        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
810        font-size:26.0pt;
811        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
812        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
813        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
814        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
815        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
816        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
817        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
818        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
819        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
820        color:#17365D;
821        mso-themecolor:text2;
822        mso-themeshade:191;
823        letter-spacing:.25pt;
824        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
825p.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, li.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, div.MsoTitleCxSpFirst
826        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
827        mso-style-priority:10;
828        mso-style-unhide:no;
829        mso-style-qformat:yes;
830        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
831        mso-style-next:Normal;
832        mso-style-type:export-only;
833        margin:0in;
834        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
835        mso-add-space:auto;
836        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
837        border:none;
838        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
839        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
840        padding:0in;
841        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
842        font-size:26.0pt;
843        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
844        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
845        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
846        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
847        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
848        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
849        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
850        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
851        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
852        color:#17365D;
853        mso-themecolor:text2;
854        mso-themeshade:191;
855        letter-spacing:.25pt;
856        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
857p.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, li.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, div.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle
858        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
859        mso-style-priority:10;
860        mso-style-unhide:no;
861        mso-style-qformat:yes;
862        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
863        mso-style-next:Normal;
864        mso-style-type:export-only;
865        margin:0in;
866        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
867        mso-add-space:auto;
868        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
869        border:none;
870        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
871        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
872        padding:0in;
873        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
874        font-size:26.0pt;
875        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
876        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
877        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
878        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
879        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
880        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
881        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
882        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
883        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
884        color:#17365D;
885        mso-themecolor:text2;
886        mso-themeshade:191;
887        letter-spacing:.25pt;
888        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
889p.MsoTitleCxSpLast, li.MsoTitleCxSpLast, div.MsoTitleCxSpLast
890        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
891        mso-style-priority:10;
892        mso-style-unhide:no;
893        mso-style-qformat:yes;
894        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
895        mso-style-next:Normal;
896        mso-style-type:export-only;
897        margin-top:0in;
898        margin-right:0in;
899        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
900        margin-left:0in;
901        mso-add-space:auto;
902        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
903        border:none;
904        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
905        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
906        padding:0in;
907        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
908        font-size:26.0pt;
909        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
910        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
911        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
912        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
913        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
914        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
915        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
916        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
917        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
918        color:#17365D;
919        mso-themecolor:text2;
920        mso-themeshade:191;
921        letter-spacing:.25pt;
922        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
923a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
924        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
925        mso-style-priority:99;
926        color:blue;
927        text-decoration:underline;
928        text-underline:single;}
929a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
930        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
931        mso-style-priority:99;
932        color:purple;
933        text-decoration:underline;
934        text-underline:single;}
935p.MsoDocumentMap, li.MsoDocumentMap, div.MsoDocumentMap
936        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
937        mso-style-priority:99;
938        mso-style-link:"Document Map Char";
939        margin:0in;
940        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
941        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
942        font-size:8.0pt;
943        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
944        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
945        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
946p
947        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
948        mso-style-priority:99;
949        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
950        margin-right:0in;
951        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
952        margin-left:0in;
953        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
954        font-size:12.0pt;
955        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
956        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
957        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
958pre
959        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
960        mso-style-priority:99;
961        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
962        margin:0in;
963        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
964        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
965        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
966        font-size:10.0pt;
967        font-family:"Courier New";
968        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
969p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
970        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
971        mso-style-priority:99;
972        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
973        margin:0in;
974        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
975        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
976        font-size:8.0pt;
977        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
978        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
979        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
980span.MsoPlaceholderText
981        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
982        mso-style-priority:99;
983        mso-style-unhide:no;
984        color:gray;}
985p.MsoNoSpacing, li.MsoNoSpacing, div.MsoNoSpacing
986        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
987        mso-style-priority:1;
988        mso-style-unhide:no;
989        mso-style-qformat:yes;
990        mso-style-parent:"";
991        margin:0in;
992        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
993        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
994        font-size:12.0pt;
995        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
996        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
997        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
998p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
999        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1000        mso-style-priority:34;
1001        mso-style-unhide:no;
1002        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1003        margin-top:0in;
1004        margin-right:0in;
1005        margin-bottom:0in;
1006        margin-left:.5in;
1007        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1008        mso-add-space:auto;
1009        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1010        font-size:12.0pt;
1011        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1012        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1013        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1014p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
1015        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1016        mso-style-priority:34;
1017        mso-style-unhide:no;
1018        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1019        mso-style-type:export-only;
1020        margin-top:0in;
1021        margin-right:0in;
1022        margin-bottom:0in;
1023        margin-left:.5in;
1024        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1025        mso-add-space:auto;
1026        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1027        font-size:12.0pt;
1028        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1029        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1030        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1031p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
1032        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1033        mso-style-priority:34;
1034        mso-style-unhide:no;
1035        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1036        mso-style-type:export-only;
1037        margin-top:0in;
1038        margin-right:0in;
1039        margin-bottom:0in;
1040        margin-left:.5in;
1041        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1042        mso-add-space:auto;
1043        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1044        font-size:12.0pt;
1045        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1046        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1047        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1048p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
1049        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1050        mso-style-priority:34;
1051        mso-style-unhide:no;
1052        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1053        mso-style-type:export-only;
1054        margin-top:0in;
1055        margin-right:0in;
1056        margin-bottom:0in;
1057        margin-left:.5in;
1058        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1059        mso-add-space:auto;
1060        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1061        font-size:12.0pt;
1062        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1063        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1064        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1065span.MsoIntenseReference
1066        {mso-style-priority:32;
1067        mso-style-unhide:no;
1068        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1069        font-variant:small-caps;
1070        color:#C0504D;
1071        mso-themecolor:accent2;
1072        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1073        font-weight:bold;
1074        text-decoration:underline;
1075        text-underline:single;}
1076span.Heading1Char
1077        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
1078        mso-style-priority:9;
1079        mso-style-unhide:no;
1080        mso-style-locked:yes;
1081        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
1082        mso-ansi-font-size:24.0pt;
1083        mso-bidi-font-size:24.0pt;
1084        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1085        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1086        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1087        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1088        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1089        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1090        mso-font-kerning:18.0pt;
1091        font-weight:bold;}
1092span.Heading2Char
1093        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
1094        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1095        mso-style-priority:9;
1096        mso-style-unhide:no;
1097        mso-style-locked:yes;
1098        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
1099        mso-ansi-font-size:18.0pt;
1100        mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
1101        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1102        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1103        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1104        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1105        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1106        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1107        font-weight:bold;}
1108span.Heading3Char
1109        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
1110        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1111        mso-style-priority:9;
1112        mso-style-unhide:no;
1113        mso-style-locked:yes;
1114        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
1115        mso-ansi-font-size:13.5pt;
1116        mso-bidi-font-size:13.5pt;
1117        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1118        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1119        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1120        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1121        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1122        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1123        font-weight:bold;}
1124span.Heading4Char
1125        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
1126        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1127        mso-style-priority:9;
1128        mso-style-unhide:no;
1129        mso-style-locked:yes;
1130        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
1131        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
1132        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
1133        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1134        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1135        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1136        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1137        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1138        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1139        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1140        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1141        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1142        color:#4F81BD;
1143        mso-themecolor:accent1;
1144        font-weight:bold;
1145        font-style:italic;}
1146span.Heading5Char
1147        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
1148        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1149        mso-style-priority:9;
1150        mso-style-unhide:no;
1151        mso-style-locked:yes;
1152        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
1153        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
1154        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
1155        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1156        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1157        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1158        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1159        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1160        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1161        color:#4F4FFF;
1162        font-weight:bold;}
1163span.HTMLPreformattedChar
1164        {mso-style-name:"HTML Preformatted Char";
1165        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1166        mso-style-priority:99;
1167        mso-style-unhide:no;
1168        mso-style-locked:yes;
1169        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted";
1170        font-family:"Courier New";
1171        mso-ascii-font-family:"Courier New";
1172        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1173        mso-hansi-font-family:"Courier New";
1174        mso-bidi-font-family:"Courier New";}
1175p.msonormal0, li.msonormal0, div.msonormal0
1176        {mso-style-name:msonormal;
1177        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1178        mso-style-priority:99;
1179        mso-style-unhide:no;
1180        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
1181        margin-right:0in;
1182        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
1183        margin-left:0in;
1184        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1185        font-size:12.0pt;
1186        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1187        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1188        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1189span.TitleChar
1190        {mso-style-name:"Title Char";
1191        mso-style-priority:10;
1192        mso-style-unhide:no;
1193        mso-style-locked:yes;
1194        mso-style-link:Title;
1195        mso-ansi-font-size:26.0pt;
1196        mso-bidi-font-size:26.0pt;
1197        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1198        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1199        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1200        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1201        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1202        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1203        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1204        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1205        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1206        color:#17365D;
1207        mso-themecolor:text2;
1208        mso-themeshade:191;
1209        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1210        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
1211span.DocumentMapChar
1212        {mso-style-name:"Document Map Char";
1213        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1214        mso-style-priority:99;
1215        mso-style-unhide:no;
1216        mso-style-locked:yes;
1217        mso-style-link:"Document Map";
1218        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
1219        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
1220        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
1221        mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
1222        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1223        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1224        mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;
1225        mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;}
1226span.BalloonTextChar
1227        {mso-style-name:"Balloon Text Char";
1228        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1229        mso-style-priority:99;
1230        mso-style-unhide:no;
1231        mso-style-locked:yes;
1232        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text";
1233        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
1234        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
1235        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
1236        mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
1237        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1238        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1239        mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;
1240        mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;}
1241span.SpellE
1242        {mso-style-name:"";
1243        mso-spl-e:yes;}
1244span.GramE
1245        {mso-style-name:"";
1246        mso-gram-e:yes;}
1247.MsoChpDefault
1248        {mso-style-type:export-only;
1249        mso-default-props:yes;
1250        font-size:10.0pt;
1251        mso-ansi-font-size:10.0pt;
1252        mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;
1253        font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1254        mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri;
1255        mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1256        mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
1257        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;
1258        mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri;
1259        mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;
1260        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1261        mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}
1262@page WordSection1
1263        {size:8.5in 11.0in;
1264        margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in;
1265        mso-header-margin:.5in;
1266        mso-footer-margin:.5in;
1267        mso-paper-source:0;}
1268div.WordSection1
1269        {page:WordSection1;}
1270-->
1271</style>
1272<!--[if gte mso 10]>
1273<style>
1274 /* Style Definitions */
1275 table.MsoNormalTable
1276        {mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
1277        mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
1278        mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
1279        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1280        mso-style-priority:99;
1281        mso-style-parent:"";
1282        mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt;
1283        mso-para-margin:0in;
1284        mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1285        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1286        font-size:10.0pt;
1287        font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1288        mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri;
1289        mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1290        mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri;
1291        mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}
1292</style>
1293<![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
1294 <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1026"/>
1295</xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml>
1296 <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit">
1297  <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1"/>
1298 </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]-->
1299</head>
1300
1301<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
1302
1303<div class=WordSection1>
1304
1305<h1>Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II</h1>
1306
1307<p class=MsoNormal>For this demo, data were collected with a MAR2300 area
1308detector at APS 1-ID-C with a wavelength 0.12398 Å (100<span style='font-family:
1309Symbol'>m</span>m diameter beam) from a 1.5mm square hot rolled steel test specimen;
1310the front surface has been dusted with some CeO<sub>2</sub> to aid in
1311calibration. Three images are used here; one is with no load on the sample and
1312the other two are with the sample under tension along the y-axis (vertical).
1313The loading will distort the steel (ferrite &amp; austenite) diffraction rings
1314and our purpose here is to characterize this distortion via a strain model by
1315B. B. He &amp; K. L. Smith (Adv. in X-ray Anal. 41, 501, 1997). Note that menu
1316entries are listed in <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1317style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1318mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1319minor-latin'>bold face</span></b> below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1320style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1321mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1322minor-latin'>Help/About GSAS-II</span></b>, which lists first the name of the
1323menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1324"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1325minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help</span></b>)
1326and second the name of the entry in the menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1327normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1328minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1329mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).</p>
1330
1331<h2>Step 1: Start GSAS-II and read the images</h2>
1332
1333<p class=MsoNormal>Use the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1334style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1335mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Data/Read image data</span></b> menu item to
1336read the data file into a new GSAS-II project. A file selection dialog will be
1337shown; its appearance will depend on your OS. Change the search directory to <b
1338style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1339mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1340Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>/exercises/2Dstrain</span></b> and
1341then select the files <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1342style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1343mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1344minor-latin'>nx09_strain_001.mar<span class=GramE>2300, <span style='font-family:
1345"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:normal'><span
1346style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></span>nx</span>09_strain_006.mar2300 </span></b>and
1347<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1348mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>nx09_strain_011.mar2300</span></b>
1349and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1350mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1351Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Open</span></b>.<span
1352style='mso-no-proof:yes'> Select the 1<sup>st</sup> image (001) from the
1353GSAS-II data tree and select </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1354style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1355mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Image Controls</span></b><span
1356style='mso-no-proof:yes'>; adjust the </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1357normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1358minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Max intensity</span></b><span
1359style='mso-no-proof:yes'> so that the CeO2 rings are visible (~1500 will
1360suffice). You should see:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1361
1362<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype
1363 id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t"
1364 path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f" stroked="f">
1365 <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/>
1366 <v:formulas>
1367  <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/>
1368  <v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"/>
1369  <v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"/>
1370  <v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"/>
1371  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1372  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1373  <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/>
1374  <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/>
1375  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1376  <v:f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"/>
1377  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1378  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1379 </v:formulas>
1380 <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/>
1381 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
1382</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_22" o:spid="_x0000_i1045" type="#_x0000_t75"
1383 style='width:524.25pt;height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1384 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image001.png"
1385  o:title=""/>
1386</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1387src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image001.png"
1388v:shapes="Picture_x0020_22"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1389
1390<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>For the image and <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1391
1392<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1393 id="Picture_x0020_2" o:spid="_x0000_i1044" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:471.75pt;
1394 height:388.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1395 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image002.png"
1396  o:title=""/>
1397</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=629 height=518
1398src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image002.png"
1399v:shapes="Picture_x0020_2"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1400
1401<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>for the controls.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1402
1403<h2>Step 2: Calibration of the detector position</h2>
1404
1405<p class=MsoNormal>This image is a superposition of three diffraction patterns;
1406CeO<sub>2</sub> <span class=SpellE>calibrant</span>, ferrite (BCC iron) and
1407austenite (FCC iron). Consequently the calibration needs to be done with some
1408care; the steps are as follows:</p>
1409
1410<p class=MsoNormal>Set the wavelength to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1411style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1412mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>0.12398</span></b></p>
1413
1414<p class=MsoNormal>Set the <span class=SpellE>calibrant</span> to <b
1415style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1416mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>CeO2 SRM674b<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1417
1418<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1419style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1420mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Min <span class=SpellE>calib</span> d-spacing</span></b>
1421to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1422mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1.09</span></b>;
1423this avoids picking a CeO<sub>2</sub> ring that overlaps one of the steel ones.</p>
1424
1425<p class=MsoNormal>Pick <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1426style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1427mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Show ring picks?</span></b> check box</p>
1428
1429<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1430style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1431mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Pixel search range</span></b> to <b
1432style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1433mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b>;
1434the rings are fairly widely separated will little chance for overlap.</p>
1435
1436<p class=MsoNormal>Use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1437style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1438mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Calibrate</span></b>, select 5
1439points on the inner CeO<sub>2</sub> ring with left mouse button and start
1440calibration with right mouse button. The result should be something like</p>
1441
1442<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1443 id="Picture_x0020_24" o:spid="_x0000_i1043" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1444 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1445 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image003.png"
1446  o:title=""/>
1447</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1448src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image003.png"
1449v:shapes="Picture_x0020_24"><![endif]></span></p>
1450
1451<p class=MsoNormal>I’ve zoomed in to show that the CeO2 rings are well fitted
1452and don’t overlap any of the more intense steel ones. The calibration results
1453show on the data window</p>
1454
1455<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1456 id="Picture_x0020_25" o:spid="_x0000_i1042" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:471.75pt;
1457 height:388.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1458 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image004.png"
1459  o:title=""/>
1460</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=629 height=518
1461src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image004.png"
1462v:shapes="Picture_x0020_25"><![endif]></span><span
1463style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1464
1465<p class=MsoNormal>and the console</p>
1466
1467<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1468 id="Picture_x0020_26" o:spid="_x0000_i1041" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:609.75pt;
1469 height:89.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1470 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image005.png"
1471  o:title=""/>
1472</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=813 height=119
1473src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image005.png"
1474v:shapes="Picture_x0020_26"><![endif]></span></p>
1475
1476<p class=MsoNormal>You should now copy these results to the other image. Use <b
1477style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1478mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Copy
1479controls</span></b>; a popup dialog will appear; select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1480normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1481minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>All IMG</span></b> and <b
1482style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1483mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>.</p>
1484
1485<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 3: Fitting unstrained steel</h2>
1486
1487<p class=MsoNormal>In this step you will select the diffraction rings to be
1488analyzed for strain; it is best to pick a few CeO<sub>2</sub> ones as well to
1489confirm that the sample position does not shift during loading. Select the
1490first image (001) and the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1491style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1492mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> tree item. An empty
1493plot (“Strain”) will appear and the initial Stress/Strain data window</p>
1494
1495<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1496 id="Picture_x0020_27" o:spid="_x0000_i1040" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:567pt;
1497 height:91.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1498 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
1499  o:title=""/>
1500</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=756 height=122
1501src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
1502v:shapes="Picture_x0020_27"><![endif]></span><span
1503style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1504
1505<p class=MsoNormal>Change <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1506style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1507mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample delta-z</span></b> to <b
1508style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1509mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-0.75</span></b>
1510since center of the steel sample is that much closer to the detector than the
1511CeO<sub>2</sub> <span class=SpellE>calibrant</span>. Then select <b
1512style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1513mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder
1514Image</span></b> and follow the instruction to add a ring; press <span
1515class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1516"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1517minor-latin'>a</span></b></span> and use the mouse left button to select a
1518ring. Do as many as you like but be sure to select some CeO<sub>2</sub> rings
1519as well; it is useful to zoom in to help with the selection. You can control
1520the image display with the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1521style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1522mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b>. Each time you pick
1523a ring, GSAS-II will display (briefly) the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1524style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1525mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b> plot with the points it
1526found and then show the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1527style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1528mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder Image</span></b> zoomed in where
1529you were looking before your selection. I chose 12 rings. My Strain plot showed</p>
1530
1531<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1532 id="Picture_x0020_28" o:spid="_x0000_i1039" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1533 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1534 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image007.png"
1535  o:title=""/>
1536</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1537src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image007.png"
1538v:shapes="Picture_x0020_28"><![endif]></span></p>
1539
1540<p class=MsoNormal>Notice that each ring is plotted in different colors (they
1541are somewhat mixed for the two lines ~2Å! We will fix this next.)</p>
1542
1543<p class=MsoNormal>The 2D Powder Image shows the picks as well</p>
1544
1545<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1546 id="Picture_x0020_29" o:spid="_x0000_i1038" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1547 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1548 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image008.png"
1549  o:title=""/>
1550</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1551src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image008.png"
1552v:shapes="Picture_x0020_29"><![endif]></span></p>
1553
1554<p class=MsoNormal>And the rings are listed on the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1555normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1556minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data
1557window; a scroll bar allows easy access to all the entries.</p>
1558
1559<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1560 id="Picture_x0020_30" o:spid="_x0000_i1037" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1561 height:411.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1562 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image009.png"
1563  o:title=""/>
1564</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=549
1565src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image009.png"
1566v:shapes="Picture_x0020_30"><![endif]></span></p>
1567
1568<p class=MsoNormal>We can now fix the mixing of the two 2Å lines; change the <b
1569style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1570mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Pixel search
1571range</span></b> to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1572style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1573mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b> for both. Each change will cause
1574a refresh of the ring selections; after you are done the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1575normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1576minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b> plot should
1577look like</p>
1578
1579<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1580 id="Picture_x0020_31" o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1581 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1582 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image010.png"
1583  o:title=""/>
1584</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1585src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image010.png"
1586v:shapes="Picture_x0020_31"><![endif]></span></p>
1587
1588<p class=MsoNormal>We are now ready for the first strain fit; do <b
1589style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1590mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1591stress/strain</span></b>. Each ring will be fitted to the three strain tensor
1592elements (&#949;<sub>11</sub>, &#949;<sub>12</sub> &amp; &#949;<sub>22</sub>)
1593that can be determined from a single 2D diffraction ring. The resulting Strain
1594plot now shows curves calculated from the fitted tensor elements; these are
1595very nearly straight lines as expected from an unloaded sample.<span
1596style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>In particular the austenite 111 line (~2.08Å)
1597is much flatter than the ferrite 200 line (~2.03Å); this reflects the sample
1598history (hot rolled steel). The tensor elements with <span class=SpellE>esds</span>
1599are shown on the console and in the data window</p>
1600
1601<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1602 id="Picture_x0020_32" o:spid="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1603 height:432.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1604 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image011.png"
1605  o:title=""/>
1606</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=577
1607src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image011.png"
1608v:shapes="Picture_x0020_32"><![endif]></span><span
1609style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1610
1611<p class=MsoNormal>The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1612style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1613mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b>
1614is the average d-spacing around each ring; this can be used as the reference
1615d-spacing. Each d-zero value for this no load sample can be set to this value;
1616this will suppress any residual stress offset. To update all the d-zero values
1617to the calculated ones do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1618style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1619mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Update d-zero</span></b> then
1620repeat <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1621mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1622stress/strain</span></b>. Repeat as needed to make <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1623normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1624minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero</span></b> match <b
1625style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1626mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span
1627class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b> for all lines. I got for the no load sample</p>
1628
1629<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1630 id="Picture_x0020_33" o:spid="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1631 height:546pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1632 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image012.png"
1633  o:title=""/>
1634</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=728
1635src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image012.png"
1636v:shapes="Picture_x0020_33"><![endif]></span></p>
1637
1638<p class=MsoNormal>Finally you want this set of d-zero values to be applied to
1639the images from the loaded sample; do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1640style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1641mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Copy stress/strain</span></b> to
1642apply them to the other images.</p>
1643
1644<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 4: Sequential fitting of steel under load</h2>
1645
1646<p class=MsoNormal>For the result of the sequential fitting to make sense, we
1647need to enter the applied load for each image. Unfortunately, this must be done
1648by hand here because the load value is not the image header. The loads are:
1649001: - 2.17425, 006: 527.917 and 011: 1004.41 all in <span class=SpellE>neutons</span>
1650(N). Each needs to be divided by the cross section area (2.25mm<sup>2</sup>) of
1651the sample; GSAS-II will do this bit of math for you, and this gives the values
1652in MPa. For image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1653style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1654mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>001</span></b> enter <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1655normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1656minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-2.17425/2.25</span></b> in the <b
1657style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1658mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load
1659(MPa)</span></b> box, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1660style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1661mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>527.917/2.25</span></b> for image <b
1662style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1663mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>006</span></b>
1664and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1665mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1004.41/2.25</span></b>
1666for image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1667mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>011</span></b>.
1668When done the data window for image 011 should look like</p>
1669
1670<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1671 id="Picture_x0020_23" o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1672 height:357pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1673 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image013.png"
1674  o:title=""/>
1675</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=476
1676src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image013.png"
1677v:shapes="Picture_x0020_23"><![endif]></span></p>
1678
1679<p class=MsoNormal>Note that if the beam line software has prepared the
1680appropriate file containing this information; it could be loaded via the <b
1681style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1682mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Load
1683sample data</span></b> menu item.</p>
1684
1685<p class=MsoNormal>Next, we do the sequential refinement. Do <b
1686style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1687mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/All
1688image fit</span></b> from the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1689style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1690mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data window menu
1691from any of the images. A popup window will show the selection of images</p>
1692
1693<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1694 id="Picture_x0020_14" o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:240pt;
1695 height:231.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1696 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image014.png"
1697  o:title=""/>
1698</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=320 height=309
1699src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image014.png"
1700v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14"><![endif]></span></p>
1701
1702<p class=MsoNormal>Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1703style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1704mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set All</span></b>; all will show a check
1705box. Then do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1706"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1707minor-latin'>OK</span></b>; the sequential refinement will proceed doing each
1708image in turn. The console will show detailed results of the fitting for each
1709image with values and <span class=SpellE>esds</span> for each of the tensor
1710values.</p>
1711
1712<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1713 id="Picture_x0020_34" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:609.75pt;
1714 height:314.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1715 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image015.png"
1716  o:title=""/>
1717</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=813 height=419
1718src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image015.png"
1719v:shapes="Picture_x0020_34"><![endif]></span></p>
1720
1721<p class=MsoNormal>I only show the bottom of the listing; ignore the ‘no
1722phases” messages. The data window shows the results of the sequential fit.</p>
1723
1724<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1725 id="Picture_x0020_36" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1726 height:165pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1727 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image016.png"
1728  o:title=""/>
1729</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=220
1730src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image016.png"
1731v:shapes="Picture_x0020_36"><![endif]></span></p>
1732
1733<p class=MsoNormal>This table is the results of the sequential fit to the three
1734images. There are columns for each parameter; if you double click on a column
1735heading (try a steel e11 or e22 – I selected <span class=GramE><b
1736style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1737mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1;e</span></b></span><b
1738style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1739mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>22</span></b>
1740from my list). The plot shows the variation of this parameter with image
1741sequence; press ‘<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1742"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1743minor-latin'>s</span></b>’ and select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1744style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1745mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load</span></b> and the plot will show</p>
1746
1747<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1748 id="Picture_x0020_37" o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1749 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1750 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image017.png"
1751  o:title=""/>
1752</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1753src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image017.png"
1754v:shapes="Picture_x0020_37"><![endif]></span></p>
1755
1756<p class=MsoNormal>We can next fit this to a straight line. Select <b
1757style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1758mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Parametric
1759fit/Add equation</span></b>, select a variable (<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1760normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1761minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global</span></b>) in the 1<sup>st</sup>
1762pull down box (I chose <span class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1763style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1764mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1;e</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1765normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1766minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>22</span></b>) and enter <b
1767style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1768mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m*<span
1769class=SpellE>x+b</span></span></b> in the equation box; the frame will change
1770to give selections for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1771style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1772mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1773normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1774minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b> &amp; <b
1775style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1776mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>.
1777Use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1778mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Free</span></b>
1779for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1780mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>
1781&amp; <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1782mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>
1783and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1784mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global/Sample
1785load</span></b> for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1786style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1787mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b>. Then press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1788normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1789minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Fit</span></b>. The <b
1790style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1791mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Expression
1792Editor</span></b> window should look like; press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1793normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1794minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b> to exit this window.</p>
1795
1796<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1797 id="Picture_x0020_38" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:465pt;
1798 height:255pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1799 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image018.png"
1800  o:title=""/>
1801</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=620 height=340
1802src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image018.png"
1803v:shapes="Picture_x0020_38"><![endif]></span></p>
1804
1805<p class=MsoNormal>And the console shows the parameters with <span
1806class=SpellE>esds</span></p>
1807
1808<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1809 id="Picture_x0020_39" o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:609.75pt;
1810 height:134.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1811 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image019.png"
1812  o:title=""/>
1813</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=813 height=179
1814src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image019.png"
1815v:shapes="Picture_x0020_39"><![endif]></span></p>
1816
1817<p class=MsoNormal>The plot will show the best fit line</p>
1818
1819<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1820 id="Picture_x0020_40" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1821 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1822 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image020.png"
1823  o:title=""/>
1824</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1825src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image020.png"
1826v:shapes="Picture_x0020_40"><![endif]></span></p>
1827
1828<p class=MsoNormal>You can explore other features of this facility; pick more
1829than one column (single click on the label) and the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1830normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1831minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Selected cols/Plot selected</span></b>
1832menu item to plot them together. </p>
1833
1834<p class=MsoNormal>To see the effect of stress on one diffraction line, select
1835the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1836mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b>
1837plot and zoom in on one line (I zoomed in on just one line; ferrite 211) from
1838image 011.</p>
1839
1840<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1841 id="Picture_x0020_41" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:524.25pt;
1842 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1843 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image021.png"
1844  o:title=""/>
1845</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=699 height=600
1846src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image021.png"
1847v:shapes="Picture_x0020_41"><![endif]></span></p>
1848
1849<p class=MsoNormal>When you look at the other lines, you should notice that the
1850ones at ca. 3.13Å, 1.91Å, and 1.63Å remain straight lines; these are from CeO<sub>2</sub>
1851and should be unchanged under load.</p>
1852
1853<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1854
1855<p class=MsoNormal>Again you could save the project with <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1856normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1857minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1858mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>File/Save project</span></b> on the main <b
1859style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1860mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1861Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>GSAS-II data tree</span></b> menu
1862although it is not needed for any further tutorials. The strain results from
1863each image can be exported as a comma delimited set of values which can easily
1864be read by Microsoft Excel and other spread sheet programs; see <b
1865style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1866mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Export/Image
1867data as/Strain CSV file</span></b>.</p>
1868
1869</div>
1870
1871</body>
1872
1873</html>
Note: See TracBrowser for help on using the repository browser.