source: Tutorials/2DStrain/Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II.htm @ 1734

Last change on this file since 1734 was 1734, checked in by vondreele, 7 years ago

update of 2D strain tutorial

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414  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List"/>
415  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading"/>
416  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List"/>
417  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid"/>
418  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/>
419  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 1"/>
420  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
421  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
422  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
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424  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Revision"/>
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432  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
433  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1"/>
434  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
435  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
436  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
437  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
438  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
439  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
440  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
441  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
442  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
443  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
444  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
445  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
446  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
447  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
448  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
449  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
450  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
451  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
452  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
453  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
454  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
455  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
456  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
457  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
458  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
459  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
460  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
461  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
462  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
463  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
464  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
465  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
466  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
467  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
468  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
469  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
470  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
471  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
472  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
473  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
474  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
475  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
476  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
477  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
478  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
479  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
480  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
481  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
482  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
483  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
484  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
485  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
486  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
487  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
488  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
489  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
490  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
491  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
492  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
493  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
494  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
495  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
496  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
497  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
498  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
499  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
500  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
501  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
502  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
503  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
504  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
505  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
506  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
507  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
508  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true"
509   Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
510  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true"
511   Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
512  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true"
513   Name="Subtle Reference"/>
514  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true"
515   Name="Intense Reference"/>
516  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
517  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true"
518   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography"/>
519  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
520   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
521  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1"/>
522  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2"/>
523  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3"/>
524  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4"/>
525  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5"/>
526  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light"/>
527  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light"/>
528  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2"/>
529  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3"/>
530  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4"/>
531  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark"/>
532  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful"/>
533  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful"/>
534  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
535   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
536  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1"/>
537  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1"/>
538  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1"/>
539  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
540  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
541   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
542  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
543   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
544  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
545   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
546  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2"/>
547  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2"/>
548  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2"/>
549  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
550  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
551   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
552  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
553   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
554  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
555   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
556  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3"/>
557  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3"/>
558  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3"/>
559  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
560  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
561   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
562  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
563   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
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573   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
574  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
575   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
576  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5"/>
577  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5"/>
578  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5"/>
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580  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
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585   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
586  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6"/>
587  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6"/>
588  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6"/>
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591   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
592  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
593   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
594  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light"/>
595  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2"/>
596  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3"/>
597  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4"/>
598  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark"/>
599  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful"/>
600  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful"/>
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602   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
603  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1"/>
604  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1"/>
605  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1"/>
606  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
607  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
608   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
609  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
610   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
611  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
612   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
613  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2"/>
614  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2"/>
615  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2"/>
616  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
617  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
618   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
619  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
620   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
621  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
622   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
623  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3"/>
624  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3"/>
625  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3"/>
626  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
627  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
628   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
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643  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5"/>
644  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5"/>
645  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 5"/>
646  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
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648   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
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653  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6"/>
654  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6"/>
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657  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
658   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
659  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
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783        margin-left:0in;
784        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
785        mso-outline-level:5;
786        font-size:12.0pt;
787        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
788        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
789        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
790        color:#4F4FFF;
791        font-weight:bold;}
792p.MsoTitle, li.MsoTitle, div.MsoTitle
793        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
794        mso-style-priority:10;
795        mso-style-unhide:no;
796        mso-style-qformat:yes;
797        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
798        mso-style-next:Normal;
799        margin-top:0in;
800        margin-right:0in;
801        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
802        margin-left:0in;
803        mso-add-space:auto;
804        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
805        border:none;
806        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
807        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
808        padding:0in;
809        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
810        font-size:26.0pt;
811        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
812        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
813        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
814        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
815        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
816        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
817        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
818        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
819        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
820        color:#17365D;
821        mso-themecolor:text2;
822        mso-themeshade:191;
823        letter-spacing:.25pt;
824        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
825p.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, li.MsoTitleCxSpFirst, div.MsoTitleCxSpFirst
826        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
827        mso-style-priority:10;
828        mso-style-unhide:no;
829        mso-style-qformat:yes;
830        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
831        mso-style-next:Normal;
832        mso-style-type:export-only;
833        margin:0in;
834        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
835        mso-add-space:auto;
836        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
837        border:none;
838        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
839        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
840        padding:0in;
841        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
842        font-size:26.0pt;
843        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
844        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
845        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
846        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
847        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
848        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
849        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
850        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
851        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
852        color:#17365D;
853        mso-themecolor:text2;
854        mso-themeshade:191;
855        letter-spacing:.25pt;
856        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
857p.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, li.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle, div.MsoTitleCxSpMiddle
858        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
859        mso-style-priority:10;
860        mso-style-unhide:no;
861        mso-style-qformat:yes;
862        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
863        mso-style-next:Normal;
864        mso-style-type:export-only;
865        margin:0in;
866        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
867        mso-add-space:auto;
868        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
869        border:none;
870        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
871        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
872        padding:0in;
873        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
874        font-size:26.0pt;
875        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
876        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
877        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
878        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
879        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
880        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
881        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
882        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
883        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
884        color:#17365D;
885        mso-themecolor:text2;
886        mso-themeshade:191;
887        letter-spacing:.25pt;
888        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
889p.MsoTitleCxSpLast, li.MsoTitleCxSpLast, div.MsoTitleCxSpLast
890        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
891        mso-style-priority:10;
892        mso-style-unhide:no;
893        mso-style-qformat:yes;
894        mso-style-link:"Title Char";
895        mso-style-next:Normal;
896        mso-style-type:export-only;
897        margin-top:0in;
898        margin-right:0in;
899        margin-bottom:15.0pt;
900        margin-left:0in;
901        mso-add-space:auto;
902        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
903        border:none;
904        mso-border-bottom-alt:solid #4F81BD 1.0pt;
905        mso-border-bottom-themecolor:accent1;
906        padding:0in;
907        mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 4.0pt 0in;
908        font-size:26.0pt;
909        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
910        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
911        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
912        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
913        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
914        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
915        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
916        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
917        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
918        color:#17365D;
919        mso-themecolor:text2;
920        mso-themeshade:191;
921        letter-spacing:.25pt;
922        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
923a:link, span.MsoHyperlink
924        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
925        mso-style-priority:99;
926        color:blue;
927        text-decoration:underline;
928        text-underline:single;}
929a:visited, span.MsoHyperlinkFollowed
930        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
931        mso-style-priority:99;
932        color:purple;
933        text-decoration:underline;
934        text-underline:single;}
935p.MsoDocumentMap, li.MsoDocumentMap, div.MsoDocumentMap
936        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
937        mso-style-priority:99;
938        mso-style-link:"Document Map Char";
939        margin:0in;
940        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
941        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
942        font-size:8.0pt;
943        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
944        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
945        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
946p
947        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
948        mso-style-priority:99;
949        mso-margin-top-alt:auto;
950        margin-right:0in;
951        mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto;
952        margin-left:0in;
953        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
954        font-size:12.0pt;
955        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
956        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
957        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
958pre
959        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
960        mso-style-priority:99;
961        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted Char";
962        margin:0in;
963        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
964        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
965        tab-stops:45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt;
966        font-size:10.0pt;
967        font-family:"Courier New";
968        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";}
969p.MsoAcetate, li.MsoAcetate, div.MsoAcetate
970        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
971        mso-style-priority:99;
972        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text Char";
973        margin:0in;
974        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
975        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
976        font-size:8.0pt;
977        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
978        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
979        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
980span.MsoPlaceholderText
981        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
982        mso-style-priority:99;
983        mso-style-unhide:no;
984        color:gray;}
985p.MsoNoSpacing, li.MsoNoSpacing, div.MsoNoSpacing
986        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
987        mso-style-priority:1;
988        mso-style-unhide:no;
989        mso-style-qformat:yes;
990        mso-style-parent:"";
991        margin:0in;
992        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
993        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
994        font-size:12.0pt;
995        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
996        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
997        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
998p.MsoListParagraph, li.MsoListParagraph, div.MsoListParagraph
999        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1000        mso-style-priority:34;
1001        mso-style-unhide:no;
1002        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1003        margin-top:0in;
1004        margin-right:0in;
1005        margin-bottom:0in;
1006        margin-left:.5in;
1007        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1008        mso-add-space:auto;
1009        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1010        font-size:12.0pt;
1011        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1012        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1013        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1014p.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpFirst
1015        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1016        mso-style-priority:34;
1017        mso-style-unhide:no;
1018        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1019        mso-style-type:export-only;
1020        margin-top:0in;
1021        margin-right:0in;
1022        margin-bottom:0in;
1023        margin-left:.5in;
1024        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1025        mso-add-space:auto;
1026        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1027        font-size:12.0pt;
1028        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1029        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1030        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1031p.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpMiddle
1032        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1033        mso-style-priority:34;
1034        mso-style-unhide:no;
1035        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1036        mso-style-type:export-only;
1037        margin-top:0in;
1038        margin-right:0in;
1039        margin-bottom:0in;
1040        margin-left:.5in;
1041        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1042        mso-add-space:auto;
1043        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1044        font-size:12.0pt;
1045        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1046        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1047        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1048p.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, li.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast, div.MsoListParagraphCxSpLast
1049        {mso-style-noshow:yes;
1050        mso-style-priority:34;
1051        mso-style-unhide:no;
1052        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1053        mso-style-type:export-only;
1054        margin-top:0in;
1055        margin-right:0in;
1056        margin-bottom:0in;
1057        margin-left:.5in;
1058        margin-bottom:.0001pt;
1059        mso-add-space:auto;
1060        mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
1061        font-size:12.0pt;
1062        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1063        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1064        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;}
1065span.MsoIntenseReference
1066        {mso-style-priority:32;
1067        mso-style-unhide:no;
1068        mso-style-qformat:yes;
1069        font-variant:small-caps;
1070        color:#C0504D;
1071        mso-themecolor:accent2;
1072        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1073        font-weight:bold;
1074        text-decoration:underline;
1075        text-underline:single;}
1076span.Heading1Char
1077        {mso-style-name:"Heading 1 Char";
1078        mso-style-priority:9;
1079        mso-style-unhide:no;
1080        mso-style-locked:yes;
1081        mso-style-link:"Heading 1";
1082        mso-ansi-font-size:24.0pt;
1083        mso-bidi-font-size:24.0pt;
1084        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1085        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1086        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1087        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1088        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1089        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1090        mso-font-kerning:18.0pt;
1091        font-weight:bold;}
1092span.Heading2Char
1093        {mso-style-name:"Heading 2 Char";
1094        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1095        mso-style-priority:9;
1096        mso-style-unhide:no;
1097        mso-style-locked:yes;
1098        mso-style-link:"Heading 2";
1099        mso-ansi-font-size:18.0pt;
1100        mso-bidi-font-size:18.0pt;
1101        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1102        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1103        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1104        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1105        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1106        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1107        font-weight:bold;}
1108span.Heading3Char
1109        {mso-style-name:"Heading 3 Char";
1110        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1111        mso-style-priority:9;
1112        mso-style-unhide:no;
1113        mso-style-locked:yes;
1114        mso-style-link:"Heading 3";
1115        mso-ansi-font-size:13.5pt;
1116        mso-bidi-font-size:13.5pt;
1117        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1118        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1119        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1120        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1121        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1122        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1123        font-weight:bold;}
1124span.Heading4Char
1125        {mso-style-name:"Heading 4 Char";
1126        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1127        mso-style-priority:9;
1128        mso-style-unhide:no;
1129        mso-style-locked:yes;
1130        mso-style-link:"Heading 4";
1131        mso-ansi-font-size:13.0pt;
1132        mso-bidi-font-size:13.0pt;
1133        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1134        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1135        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1136        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1137        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1138        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1139        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1140        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1141        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1142        color:#4F81BD;
1143        mso-themecolor:accent1;
1144        font-weight:bold;
1145        font-style:italic;}
1146span.Heading5Char
1147        {mso-style-name:"Heading 5 Char";
1148        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1149        mso-style-priority:9;
1150        mso-style-unhide:no;
1151        mso-style-locked:yes;
1152        mso-style-link:"Heading 5";
1153        mso-ansi-font-size:12.0pt;
1154        mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;
1155        font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;
1156        mso-ascii-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1157        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1158        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1159        mso-hansi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1160        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1161        color:#4F4FFF;
1162        font-weight:bold;}
1163span.HTMLPreformattedChar
1164        {mso-style-name:"HTML Preformatted Char";
1165        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1166        mso-style-priority:99;
1167        mso-style-unhide:no;
1168        mso-style-locked:yes;
1169        mso-style-link:"HTML Preformatted";
1170        font-family:"Courier New";
1171        mso-ascii-font-family:"Courier New";
1172        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1173        mso-hansi-font-family:"Courier New";
1174        mso-bidi-font-family:"Courier New";}
1175span.TitleChar
1176        {mso-style-name:"Title Char";
1177        mso-style-priority:10;
1178        mso-style-unhide:no;
1179        mso-style-locked:yes;
1180        mso-style-link:Title;
1181        mso-ansi-font-size:26.0pt;
1182        mso-bidi-font-size:26.0pt;
1183        font-family:"Cambria",serif;
1184        mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria;
1185        mso-ascii-theme-font:major-latin;
1186        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1187        mso-fareast-theme-font:major-fareast;
1188        mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria;
1189        mso-hansi-theme-font:major-latin;
1190        mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1191        mso-bidi-theme-font:major-bidi;
1192        color:#17365D;
1193        mso-themecolor:text2;
1194        mso-themeshade:191;
1195        letter-spacing:.25pt;
1196        mso-font-kerning:14.0pt;}
1197span.DocumentMapChar
1198        {mso-style-name:"Document Map Char";
1199        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1200        mso-style-priority:99;
1201        mso-style-unhide:no;
1202        mso-style-locked:yes;
1203        mso-style-link:"Document Map";
1204        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
1205        mso-bidi-font-size:8.0pt;
1206        font-family:"Tahoma",sans-serif;
1207        mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
1208        mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";
1209        mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast;
1210        mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;
1211        mso-bidi-font-family:Tahoma;}
1212span.BalloonTextChar
1213        {mso-style-name:"Balloon Text Char";
1214        mso-style-noshow:yes;
1215        mso-style-priority:99;
1216        mso-style-unhide:no;
1217        mso-style-locked:yes;
1218        mso-style-link:"Balloon Text";
1219        mso-ansi-font-size:8.0pt;
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1285</head>
1286
1287<body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple style='tab-interval:.5in'>
1288
1289<div class=WordSection1>
1290
1291<h1>Strain fitting of 2D data in GSAS-II</h1>
1292
1293<p class=MsoNormal>For this demo, data were collected with a MAR2300 area
1294detector at APS 1-ID-C with a wavelength 0.12398 Å (100<span style='font-family:
1295Symbol'>m</span>m diameter beam) from a 1.5mm square hot rolled steel test specimen;
1296the front surface has been dusted with some CeO<sub>2</sub> to aid in
1297calibration. Three images are used here; one is with no load on the sample and
1298the other two are with the sample under tension along the y-axis (vertical).
1299The loading will distort the steel (ferrite &amp; austenite) diffraction rings
1300and our purpose here is to characterize this distortion via a strain model by
1301B. B. He &amp; K. L. Smith (Adv. in X-ray Anal. 41, 501, 1997). Note that menu
1302entries are listed in <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1303style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1304mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1305minor-latin'>bold face</span></b> below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1306style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1307mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1308minor-latin'>Help/About GSAS-II</span></b>, which lists first the name of the
1309menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1310"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1311minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help</span></b>)
1312and second the name of the entry in the menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1313normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1314minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1315mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).</p>
1316
1317<h2>Step 1: Start GSAS-II and read the images</h2>
1318
1319<p class=MsoNormal>Use the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1320style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1321mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Data/Read image data</span></b> menu item to
1322read the data file into a new GSAS-II project. A file selection dialog will be
1323shown; its appearance will depend on your OS. Change the search directory to <b
1324style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1325mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1326Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>/Exercises/strain-texture/nx09_strain_data</span></b>
1327and then select the files <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1328style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1329mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1330minor-latin'>nx09_strain_001.mar2300<span class=GramE>, <span style='font-family:
1331"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:normal'><span
1332style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></span>nx09</span>_strain_006.mar2300 </span></b>and
1333<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1334mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>nx09_strain_011.mar2300</span></b>
1335and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1336mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1337Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Open</span></b>.<span
1338style='mso-no-proof:yes'> Select the 1<sup>st</sup> image (001) from the
1339GSAS-II data tree and select </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1340style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1341mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Image Controls</span></b><span
1342style='mso-no-proof:yes'>; adjust the </span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1343normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1344minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-no-proof:yes'>Max intensity</span></b><span
1345style='mso-no-proof:yes'> so that the CeO2 rings are visible (~1500 will
1346suffice). You should see:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1347
1348<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shapetype
1349 id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t"
1350 path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f" stroked="f">
1351 <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"/>
1352 <v:formulas>
1353  <v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"/>
1354  <v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"/>
1355  <v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"/>
1356  <v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"/>
1357  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1358  <v:f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1359  <v:f eqn="sum @0 0 1"/>
1360  <v:f eqn="prod @6 1 2"/>
1361  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"/>
1362  <v:f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"/>
1363  <v:f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"/>
1364  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1365 </v:formulas>
1366 <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/>
1367 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
1368</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_22" o:spid="_x0000_i1045" type="#_x0000_t75"
1369 style='width:525pt;height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1370 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image001.png"
1371  o:title=""/>
1372</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=600
1373src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image001.png"
1374v:shapes="Picture_x0020_22"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1375
1376<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>For the image and <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1377
1378<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1379 id="_x0000_i1044" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:472.5pt;height:388.5pt;
1380 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1381 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image002.png"
1382  o:title=""/>
1383</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=630 height=518
1384src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image002.png"
1385v:shapes="_x0000_i1044"><![endif]><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1386
1387<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'>for the controls.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
1388
1389<h2>Step 2: Calibration of the detector position</h2>
1390
1391<p class=MsoNormal>This image is a superposition of three diffraction patterns;
1392CeO<sub>2</sub> <span class=SpellE>calibrant</span>, ferrite (BCC iron) and
1393austenite (FCC iron). Consequently the calibration needs to be done with some
1394care; the steps are as follows:</p>
1395
1396<p class=MsoNormal>Set the wavelength to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1397style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1398mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>0.12398</span></b></p>
1399
1400<p class=MsoNormal>Set the <span class=SpellE>calibrant</span> to <b
1401style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1402mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>CeO2 SRM674b<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1403
1404<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1405style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1406mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Min <span class=SpellE>calib</span> d-spacing</span></b>
1407to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1408mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1.09</span></b>;
1409this avoids picking a CeO<sub>2</sub> ring that overlaps one of the steel ones.</p>
1410
1411<p class=MsoNormal>Pick <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1412style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1413mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Show ring picks?</span></b> <span
1414class=GramE>check</span> box</p>
1415
1416<p class=MsoNormal>Set <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1417style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1418mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Pixel search range</span></b> to <b
1419style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1420mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b>;
1421the rings are fairly widely separated will little chance for overlap.</p>
1422
1423<p class=MsoNormal>Use Operations/Calibrate, select 5 points on the inner CeO<sub>2</sub>
1424ring with left mouse button and start calibration with right mouse button. The
1425result should be something like</p>
1426
1427<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1428 id="Picture_x0020_24" o:spid="_x0000_i1043" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1429 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1430 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image003.png"
1431  o:title=""/>
1432</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=600
1433src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image003.png"
1434v:shapes="Picture_x0020_24"><![endif]></span></p>
1435
1436<p class=MsoNormal>I’ve zoomed in to show that the CeO2 rings are well fitted
1437and don’t overlap any of the more intense steel ones. The calibration results
1438show on the data window</p>
1439
1440<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1441 id="Picture_x0020_25" o:spid="_x0000_i1042" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:472.5pt;
1442 height:388.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1443 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image004.png"
1444  o:title=""/>
1445</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=630 height=518
1446src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image004.png"
1447v:shapes="Picture_x0020_25"><![endif]></span><span
1448style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1449
1450<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE>and</span> the console</p>
1451
1452<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1453 id="Picture_x0020_26" o:spid="_x0000_i1041" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:609.75pt;
1454 height:89.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1455 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image005.png"
1456  o:title=""/>
1457</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=813 height=119
1458src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image005.png"
1459v:shapes="Picture_x0020_26"><![endif]></span></p>
1460
1461<p class=MsoNormal>You should now copy these results to the other image. Use <b
1462style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1463mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Copy
1464controls</span></b>; a popup dialog will appear; select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1465normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1466minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>All IMG</span></b> and <b
1467style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1468mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>.</p>
1469
1470<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 3: Fitting unstrained steel</h2>
1471
1472<p class=MsoNormal>In this step you will select the diffraction rings to be
1473analyzed for strain; it is best to pick a few CeO<sub>2</sub> ones as well to
1474confirm that the sample position does not shift during loading. Select the
1475first image (001) and the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1476style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1477mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> tree item. An empty
1478plot (“Strain”) will appear and the initial Stress/Strain data window</p>
1479
1480<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1481 id="Picture_x0020_27" o:spid="_x0000_i1040" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:567.75pt;
1482 height:91.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1483 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
1484  o:title=""/>
1485</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=757 height=122
1486src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image006.png"
1487v:shapes="Picture_x0020_27"><![endif]></span><span
1488style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1489
1490<p class=MsoNormal>Change <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1491style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1492mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample delta-z</span></b> to <b
1493style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1494mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-0.75</span></b>
1495since center of the steel sample is that much closer to the detector than the
1496CeO<sub>2</sub> <span class=SpellE>calibrant</span>. Then select <b
1497style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1498mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder
1499Image</span></b> and follow the instruction to add a ring; press <span
1500class=GramE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1501"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1502minor-latin'>a</span></b> and</span> use the mouse left button to select a
1503ring. Do as many as you like but be sure to select some CeO<sub>2</sub> rings
1504as well; it is useful to zoom in to help with the selection. You can control
1505the image display with the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1506style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1507mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b>. Each time you pick
1508a ring, GSAS-II will display (briefly) the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1509style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1510mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b> plot with the points it
1511found and then show the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1512style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1513mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2D Powder Image</span></b> zoomed in where
1514you were looking before your selection. I chose 12 rings. My Strain plot showed</p>
1515
1516<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1517 id="Picture_x0020_28" o:spid="_x0000_i1039" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1518 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1519 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image007.png"
1520  o:title=""/>
1521</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=600
1522src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image007.png"
1523v:shapes="Picture_x0020_28"><![endif]></span></p>
1524
1525<p class=MsoNormal>Notice that each ring is plotted in different colors (they
1526are somewhat mixed for the two lines ~2Å! We will fix this next.)</p>
1527
1528<p class=MsoNormal>The 2D Powder Image shows the picks as well</p>
1529
1530<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1531 id="Picture_x0020_29" o:spid="_x0000_i1038" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1532 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1533 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image008.png"
1534  o:title=""/>
1535</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=600
1536src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image008.png"
1537v:shapes="Picture_x0020_29"><![endif]></span></p>
1538
1539<p class=MsoNormal>And the rings are listed on the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1540normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1541minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data
1542window; a scroll bar allows easy access to all the entries.</p>
1543
1544<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1545 id="Picture_x0020_30" o:spid="_x0000_i1037" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1546 height:411.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1547 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image009.png"
1548  o:title=""/>
1549</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=549
1550src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image009.png"
1551v:shapes="Picture_x0020_30"><![endif]></span></p>
1552
1553<p class=MsoNormal>We can now fix the mixing of the two 2Å lines; change the <b
1554style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1555mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Pixel search
1556range</span></b> to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1557style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1558mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>5</span></b> for both. Each change will cause
1559a refresh of the ring selections; after you are done the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1560normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1561minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b> plot should
1562look like</p>
1563
1564<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1565 id="Picture_x0020_31" o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1566 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1567 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image010.png"
1568  o:title=""/>
1569</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=600
1570src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image010.png"
1571v:shapes="Picture_x0020_31"><![endif]></span></p>
1572
1573<p class=MsoNormal>We are now ready for the first strain fit; do <b
1574style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1575mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1576stress/strain</span></b>. Each ring will be fitted to the three strain tensor
1577elements (&#949;<sub>11</sub>, &#949;<sub>12</sub> &amp; &#949;<sub>22</sub>)
1578that can be determined from a single 2D diffraction ring. The resulting Strain
1579plot now shows curves calculated from the fitted tensor elements; these are
1580very nearly straight lines as expected from an unloaded sample.<span
1581style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>In particular the austenite 111 line (~2.08Å)
1582is much flatter than the ferrite 200 line (~2.03Å); this reflects the sample
1583history (hot rolled steel). The tensor elements with <span class=SpellE>esds</span>
1584are shown on the console and in the data window</p>
1585
1586<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1587 id="Picture_x0020_32" o:spid="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1588 height:432.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1589 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image011.png"
1590  o:title=""/>
1591</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=577
1592src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image011.png"
1593v:shapes="Picture_x0020_32"><![endif]></span><span
1594style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1595
1596<p class=MsoNormal>The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1597style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1598mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b>
1599is the average d-spacing around each ring; this can be used as the reference
1600d-spacing. Each d-zero value for this no load sample can be set to this value;
1601this will suppress any residual stress offset. To update all the d-zero values
1602to the calculated ones do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1603style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1604mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Update d-zero</span></b> then
1605repeat <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1606mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Fit
1607stress/strain</span></b>. Repeat as needed to make <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1608normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1609minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero</span></b> match <b
1610style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1611mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>d-zero <span
1612class=SpellE>ave</span></span></b> for all lines. I got for the no load sample</p>
1613
1614<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1615 id="Picture_x0020_33" o:spid="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1616 height:546pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1617 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image012.png"
1618  o:title=""/>
1619</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=728
1620src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image012.png"
1621v:shapes="Picture_x0020_33"><![endif]></span></p>
1622
1623<p class=MsoNormal>Finally you want this set of d-zero values to be applied to
1624the images from the loaded sample; do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1625style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1626mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Copy stress/strain</span></b> to
1627apply them to the other images.</p>
1628
1629<h2 style='tab-stops:2.3in'>Step 4: Sequential fitting of steel under load</h2>
1630
1631<p class=MsoNormal>For the result of the sequential fitting to make sense, we
1632need to enter the applied load for each image. Unfortunately, this must be done
1633by hand here because the load value is not the image header. The loads are:
1634001: - 2.17425, 006: 527.917 and 011: 1004.41 all in <span class=SpellE>neutons</span>
1635(N). Each needs to be divided by the cross section area (2.25mm<sup>2</sup>) of
1636the sample; GSAS-II will do this bit of math for you, and this gives the values
1637in MPa. For image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1638style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1639mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>001</span></b> enter <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1640normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1641minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-2.17425/2.25</span></b> in the <b
1642style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1643mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load
1644(MPa)</span></b> box, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1645style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1646mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>527.917/2.25</span></b> for image <b
1647style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1648mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>006</span></b>
1649and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1650mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1004.41/2.25</span></b>
1651for image <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1652mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>011</span></b>.
1653When done the data window for image 011 should look like</p>
1654
1655<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1656 id="Picture_x0020_23" o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:569.25pt;
1657 height:357pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1658 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image013.png"
1659  o:title=""/>
1660</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=759 height=476
1661src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image013.png"
1662v:shapes="Picture_x0020_23"><![endif]></span></p>
1663
1664<p class=MsoNormal>Note that if the beam line software has prepared the
1665appropriate file containing this information; it could be loaded via the <b
1666style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1667mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Load
1668sample data</span></b> menu item.</p>
1669
1670<p class=MsoNormal>Next, we do the sequential refinement. Do <b
1671style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1672mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/All
1673image fit</span></b> from the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1674style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1675mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Stress/Strain</span></b> data window menu
1676from any of the images. A popup window will show the selection of images</p>
1677
1678<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1679 id="Picture_x0020_14" o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:240pt;
1680 height:232.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1681 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image014.png"
1682  o:title=""/>
1683</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=320 height=310
1684src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image014.png"
1685v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14"><![endif]></span></p>
1686
1687<p class=MsoNormal>Do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1688style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1689mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Set <span class=GramE>All</span></span></b>;
1690all will show a check box. Then do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1691style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1692mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b>; the sequential refinement will
1693proceed doing each image in turn. The console will show detailed results of the
1694fitting for each image with values and <span class=SpellE>esds</span> for each
1695of the tensor values.</p>
1696
1697<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1698 id="Picture_x0020_34" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:609.75pt;
1699 height:314.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1700 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image015.png"
1701  o:title=""/>
1702</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=813 height=419
1703src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image015.png"
1704v:shapes="Picture_x0020_34"><![endif]></span></p>
1705
1706<p class=MsoNormal>I only show the bottom of the listing; ignore the ‘no
1707phases” messages. The data window shows the results of the sequential fit.</p>
1708
1709<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1710 id="Picture_x0020_36" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1711 height:165pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1712 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image016.png"
1713  o:title=""/>
1714</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=220
1715src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image016.png"
1716v:shapes="Picture_x0020_36"><![endif]></span></p>
1717
1718<p class=MsoNormal>This table is the results of the sequential fit to the three
1719images. There are columns for each parameter; if you double click on a column
1720heading (try a steel e11 or e22 – I selected <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1721normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1722minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1<span class=GramE>;e22</span></span></b>
1723from my list). The plot shows the variation of this parameter with image
1724sequence; <span class=GramE>press ‘<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1725style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1726mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>s</span></b>’</span> and select <b
1727style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1728mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Sample load</span></b>
1729and the plot will show</p>
1730
1731<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1732 id="Picture_x0020_37" o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1733 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1734 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image017.png"
1735  o:title=""/>
1736</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=600
1737src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image017.png"
1738v:shapes="Picture_x0020_37"><![endif]></span></p>
1739
1740<p class=MsoNormal>We can next fit this to a straight line. Select <b
1741style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1742mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Parametric
1743fit/Add equation</span></b>, select a variable (<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1744normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1745minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global</span></b>) in the 1<sup>st</sup>
1746pull down box (I chose <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1747style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1748mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>1<span class=GramE>;e22</span></span></b>)
1749and enter <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1750mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m*<span
1751class=SpellE>x+b</span></span></b> in the equation box; the frame will change
1752to give selections for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1753style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1754mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1755normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1756minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b> &amp; <b
1757style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1758mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>.
1759Use <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1760mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Free</span></b>
1761for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1762mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>m</span></b>
1763&amp; <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1764mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>b</span></b>
1765and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1766mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Global/Sample
1767load</span></b> for <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1768style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1769mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>x</span></b>. Then press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1770normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1771minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Fit</span></b>. The <b
1772style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1773mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Expression
1774Editor</span></b> window should look like; press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1775normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1776minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>OK</span></b> to exit this
1777window.</p>
1778
1779<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1780 id="Picture_x0020_38" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:465pt;
1781 height:255pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1782 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image018.png"
1783  o:title=""/>
1784</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=620 height=340
1785src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image018.png"
1786v:shapes="Picture_x0020_38"><![endif]></span></p>
1787
1788<p class=MsoNormal>And the console shows the parameters with <span
1789class=SpellE>esds</span></p>
1790
1791<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1792 id="Picture_x0020_39" o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:609.75pt;
1793 height:134.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1794 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image019.png"
1795  o:title=""/>
1796</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=813 height=179
1797src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image019.png"
1798v:shapes="Picture_x0020_39"><![endif]></span></p>
1799
1800<p class=MsoNormal>The plot will show the best fit line</p>
1801
1802<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1803 id="Picture_x0020_40" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1804 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1805 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image020.png"
1806  o:title=""/>
1807</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=600
1808src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image020.png"
1809v:shapes="Picture_x0020_40"><![endif]></span></p>
1810
1811<p class=MsoNormal>You can explore other features of this facility; pick more
1812than one column (single click on the label) and the <span class=GramE><b
1813style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1814mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Selected</span></b></span><b
1815style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1816mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'> cols/Plot
1817selected</span></b> menu item to plot them together. </p>
1818
1819<p class=MsoNormal>To see the effect of stress on one diffraction line, select
1820the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1821mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Strain</span></b>
1822plot and zoom in on one line (I zoomed in on just one line; ferrite 211) from
1823image 011.</p>
1824
1825<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1826 id="Picture_x0020_41" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1827 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1828 <v:imagedata src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image021.png"
1829  o:title=""/>
1830</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img width=700 height=600
1831src="Strain%20fitting%20of%202D%20data%20in%20GSAS-II_files/image021.png"
1832v:shapes="Picture_x0020_41"><![endif]></span></p>
1833
1834<p class=MsoNormal>When you look at the other lines, you should notice that the
1835ones at ca. 3.13Å, 1.91Å, and 1.63Å remain straight lines; these are from CeO<sub>2</sub>
1836and should be unchanged under load.</p>
1837
1838<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1839
1840<p class=MsoNormal>Again you could save the project with <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1841normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1842minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1843mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>File/Save project</span></b> on the main <b
1844style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1845mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1846Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>GSAS-II data tree</span></b> menu
1847although it is not needed for any further tutorials. The strain results from
1848each image can be exported as a comma delimited set of values which can easily
1849be read by Microsoft Excel and other spread sheet programs; see <b
1850style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1851mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Export/Image
1852data as/Strain CSV file</span></b>.</p>
1853
1854</div>
1855
1856</body>
1857
1858</html>
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