source: Tutorials/2DCalibration/Calibration of an area detector in GSAS.htm @ 2972

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414  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid"/>
415  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/>
416  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 1"/>
417  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
418  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
419  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
420  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/>
421  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Revision"/>
422  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="34" QFormat="true"
423   Name="List Paragraph"/>
424  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" QFormat="true" Name="Quote"/>
425  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" QFormat="true"
426   Name="Intense Quote"/>
427  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1"/>
428  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1"/>
429  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
430  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1"/>
431  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
432  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
433  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
434  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
435  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
436  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
437  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
438  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
439  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
440  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
441  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
442  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
443  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
444  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
445  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
446  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
447  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
448  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
449  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
450  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
451  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
452  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
453  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
454  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
455  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
456  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
457  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
458  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
459  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
460  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
461  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
462  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
463  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
464  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
465  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
466  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
467  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
468  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
469  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
470  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
471  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
472  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
473  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
474  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
475  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
476  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
477  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
478  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
479  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
480  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
481  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
482  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
483  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
484  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
485  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
486  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
487  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
488  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
489  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
490  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
491  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
492  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
493  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
494  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
495  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
496  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
497  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
498  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
499  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
500  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
501  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
502  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
503  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
504  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
505  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true"
506   Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
507  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true"
508   Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
509  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true"
510   Name="Subtle Reference"/>
511  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true"
512   Name="Intense Reference"/>
513  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
514  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true"
515   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography"/>
516  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
517   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
518  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1"/>
519  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2"/>
520  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3"/>
521  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4"/>
522  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5"/>
523  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light"/>
524  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light"/>
525  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2"/>
526  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3"/>
527  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4"/>
528  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark"/>
529  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful"/>
530  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful"/>
531  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
532   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
533  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1"/>
534  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1"/>
535  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1"/>
536  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
537  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
538   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
539  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
540   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
541  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
542   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
543  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2"/>
544  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2"/>
545  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2"/>
546  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
547  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
548   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
549  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
550   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
551  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
552   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
553  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3"/>
554  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3"/>
555  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3"/>
556  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
557  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
558   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
559  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
560   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
561  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
562   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
563  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 4"/>
564  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 4"/>
565  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 4"/>
566  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
567  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
568   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
569  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
570   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
571  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
572   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
573  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5"/>
574  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5"/>
575  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5"/>
576  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
577  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
578   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
579  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
580   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
581  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
582   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
583  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6"/>
584  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6"/>
585  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6"/>
586  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
587  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
588   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
589  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
590   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
591  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light"/>
592  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2"/>
593  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3"/>
594  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4"/>
595  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark"/>
596  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful"/>
597  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful"/>
598  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
599   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
600  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1"/>
601  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1"/>
602  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1"/>
603  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
604  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
605   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
606  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
607   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
608  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
609   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
610  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2"/>
611  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2"/>
612  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2"/>
613  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
614  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
615   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
616  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
617   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
618  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
619   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
620  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3"/>
621  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3"/>
622  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3"/>
623  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
624  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
625   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
626  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
627   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
628  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
629   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
630  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 4"/>
631  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 4"/>
632  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 4"/>
633  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
634  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
635   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
636  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
637   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
638  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
639   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
640  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5"/>
641  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5"/>
642  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 5"/>
643  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
644  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
645   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
646  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
647   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
648  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
649   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
650  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6"/>
651  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6"/>
652  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 6"/>
653  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
654  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
655   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
656  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
657   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
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1140<div class=WordSection1>
1141
1142<p class=MsoNormal><span class=Heading1Char><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>Calibration
1143of an area detector in GSAS-II</span></span><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt;
1144color:#365F91;mso-themecolor:accent1;mso-themeshade:191'><o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1145
1146<p class=MsoNormal>In this tutorial, data collected with a Perkin-Elmer area
1147detector at APS 11-ID-C with a wavelength 0.10798 A, where the detector was
1148intentionally tilted at 45 degrees, are used. Note that menu entries are listed
1149in bold face below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1150style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1151mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help/About
1152GSAS-II</span></b>, which lists first the name of the menu (here <b
1153style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1154mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1155minor-latin'>Help</span></b>) and second the name of the entry in the menu
1156(here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1157mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1158minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).</p>
1159
1160<p class=MsoNormal>If you have not done so already, <u><span style='color:#0070C0'><a
1161href="Starting%20GSAS.htm"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
1162text-underline:none'>start GSAS-II</span></a></span></u>.</p>
1163
1164<h1>Step 1: read in the data file</h1>
1165
1166<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Use the <b
1167style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1168mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1169minor-latin'>Import/Image/from TIF image file</span></b> menu item to read the
1170data file into the current GSAS-II project. </p>
1171
1172<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1173
1174<p class=MsoNormal>A file selection dialog will be shown; its appearance will
1175depend on your OS. Change the search directory to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1176normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1177minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>2DCalibration/data</span></b>
1178and then select the file </p>
1179
1180<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1181style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1182mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>La_hex_+45deg-00015.tif</span></b>
1183and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1184mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1185minor-latin'>Open</span></b>.<span style='mso-no-proof:yes'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1186
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1203  <v:f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"/>
1204 </v:formulas>
1205 <v:path o:extrusionok="f" gradientshapeok="t" o:connecttype="rect"/>
1206 <o:lock v:ext="edit" aspectratio="t"/>
1207</v:shapetype><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_15" o:spid="_x0000_i1037" type="#_x0000_t75"
1208 style='width:468pt;height:315pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1209 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image015.png"
1210  o:title=""/>
1211</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=420
1212src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image016.png"
1213v:shapes="Picture_x0020_15"><![endif]></span></p>
1214
1215<p class=MsoNormal>At this point the data tree window will have several entries;
1216by default the highlighted one specifies the contents of the data window as <b
1217style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1218mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1219minor-latin'>Image Controls. </span></b>I’ve expanded the window to see all the
1220contents.</p>
1221
1222<p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
1223
1224<p class=MsoNormal>The plot window shows the image; I’ve changed the Max
1225intensity to ~88000. Notice the elliptical shape of the powder diffraction
1226rings due to the 45 degree detector tilt. The blue <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1227normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1228minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin;
1229color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1'>X</span></b> marks the beam location
1230(which defaults to the image center); the calibration you will perform here
1231will find the correct placement for it. Also note that as the mouse is moved
1232across the plot the plot window status bar (at bottom of plot window) shows the
1233cursor position, as computed from the default (incorrect) calibration values.
1234These constants will be correctly determined after you finish the calibration.</p>
1235
1236<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><span
1237style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_16"
1238 o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:401.25pt;
1239 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1240 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image017.png"
1241  o:title=""/>
1242</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=535
1243src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image018.png"
1244v:shapes="Picture_x0020_16"><![endif]></span></p>
1245
1246<h1><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Step 2: Edit image parameters</h1>
1247
1248<p class=MsoNormal>Note that, alas, very few image formats contain all of the
1249important metadata about the image, so it needs to be added manually. In this
1250case set the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1251"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1252minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>wavelength</span></b> to <b
1253style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1254mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1255minor-latin'>0.10798</span></b>. We will be determining the calibration values
1256of all the checked items. In this case wavelength is known (‘Penetration’ is a
1257correction for x-ray penetration into the detector; it is only needed when the
1258detector is close to the sample). Under certain circumstances it may be useful
1259to restrict the calibration to fewer parameters (i.e. if distance is presumed
1260to be “known”) in which case you can uncheck some of the calibration parameters
1261and use their fixed values. It is also helpful to change the display of the
1262image so that it is easier to see the diffraction rings. Lowering the maximum
1263intensity to 10,000 to 20,000 counts will help (note that this can be done by
1264moving the slider, or by typing a value in the box and then clicking on another
1265control or pressing the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1266style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1267mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Enter</span></b>
1268or <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1269mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1270minor-latin'>Tab</span></b> key). You may also wish to select another color
1271scheme using the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1272"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1273minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Color bar</span></b> selector. </p>
1274
1275<h1><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Step 3: Calibrate</h1>
1276
1277<h3><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>First: </h3>
1278
1279<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>   </span>Set the material
1280used as a sample in the box labeled <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1281style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1282mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calibrant</span></b>;
1283select <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1284mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1285minor-latin'>LaB6 SRM660a</span></b></p>
1286
1287<h3>Second: </h3>
1288
1289<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>   </span>Use the <b
1290style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1291mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1292minor-latin'>Calibration/Calibrate</span></b> menu item. At this point the
1293status line on the bottom of the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1294style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1295mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image
1296Controls</span></b> window changes with a prompt to select points for
1297calibration.</p>
1298
1299<h3>Third: </h3>
1300
1301<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>Use the left mouse
1302button to click on at least five locations on the innermost ring. As each point
1303is defined, a red &quot;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1304style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1305mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin;color:red'>+</span></b>&quot;
1306is added to the plot. You need not hit the ring exactly as the code will search
1307for the locally highest point in a 40x40 pixel box. (On the Mac with a two or
1308three button mouse, also use the left mouse button, or with a standard Mac
1309single-button mouse, use the regular mouse button.)</p>
1310
1311<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1312 id="Picture_x0020_4" o:spid="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1313 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1314 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image004.png"
1315  o:title=""/>
1316</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1317src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image004.png"
1318v:shapes="Picture_x0020_4"><![endif]></span></p>
1319
1320<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>To remove a point
1321added in error click on that point with the right mouse button (on the Mac, if
1322you have a single-button mouse, hold the control key down and click). NB: it is
1323slightly better to pick points just inside the inner ring as GSAS-II will then
1324find the best point on that ring.</p>
1325
1326<h3><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Fourth:</h3>
1327
1328<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>When done, press the
1329right mouse button well away from any points that have been added (on the Mac,
1330if you have a single-button mouse, hold the control key down and click). </p>
1331
1332<p class=MsoNormal>The calibration is then performed. First the rings are
1333located and an ellipse is optimized for each ring. The indexed rings are first
1334shown briefly in red as the calibration proceeds and center of each ellipse is
1335noted with a blue &quot;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1336style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1'>+</span></b>&quot;; these will
1337track in the direction of the tilt. When all rings have been fitted, the entire
1338ensemble of rings is refitted to the detector parameters and the rings are then
1339shown in blue. The beam position (blue “<span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1340mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1341minor-latin;color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1'>X</span>”) is now correctly
1342positioned.</p>
1343
1344<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><span
1345style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_5"
1346 o:spid="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
1347 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1348 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image005.png"
1349  o:title=""/>
1350</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1351src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image005.png"
1352v:shapes="Picture_x0020_5"><![endif]></span><span
1353style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1354
1355<p class=MsoNormal>The derived calibration results are shown in the <b
1356style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1357mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1358minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> window.</p>
1359
1360<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1361 id="Picture_x0020_17" o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1362 height:315pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1363 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image019.png"
1364  o:title=""/>
1365</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=420
1366src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image020.png"
1367v:shapes="Picture_x0020_17"><![endif]></span><span
1368style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1369
1370<p class=MsoNormal>and the console window shows details of the fit.</p>
1371
1372<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1373 id="Picture_x0020_11" o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:447.75pt;
1374 height:107.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1375 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image007.png"
1376  o:title=""/>
1377</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=597 height=143
1378src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image007.png"
1379v:shapes="Picture_x0020_11"><![endif]></span></p>
1380
1381<p class=MsoNormal>The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1382style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1383mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>distance</span></b> is from the sample to the
1384plane containing the detector, <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1385normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1386minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>det</span></b></span><b
1387style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1388mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-x</span></b>
1389&amp; <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1390style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1391mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>det</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1392normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1393minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-y</span></b> is the incident
1394beam location on the image, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1395style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1396mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>tilt</span></b> is the angle of detector
1397rotation from being normal to the incident beam and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1398normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1399minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>phi</span></b> is the rotation of
1400the detector tilt axis from the x-axis.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> 
1401</span>To see the actual points selected by the program, click on the <b
1402style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1403mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1404minor-latin'>show ring picks?</span></b> check box </p>
1405
1406<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1407 id="Picture_x0020_8" o:spid="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1408 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1409 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image008.png"
1410  o:title=""/>
1411</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1412src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image008.png"
1413v:shapes="Picture_x0020_8"><![endif]></span><span
1414style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><span style='color:#1F497D;mso-themecolor:
1415text2'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1416
1417<p class=MsoNormal>When this is done, it sometimes occurs that the points
1418selected for the outermost rings are scattered between that and the next ring.
1419This can be repaired by changing the pixel search range to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1420normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1421minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>10</span></b> and using the <b
1422style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1423mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1424minor-latin'>Calibration/Recalibrate</span></b> menu item. Also notice that the
1425right edge of the image shows a ragged fit to the rings because of an intensity
1426falloff. This can be removed by placing a frame mask about the “good” part of
1427the pattern. Select the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1428style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1429mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Masks</span></b> GSAS-II data tree item.</p>
1430
1431<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1432 id="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;height:165pt;
1433 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1434 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image021.png"
1435  o:title=""/>
1436</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=220
1437src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image022.png"
1438v:shapes="_x0000_i1030"><![endif]></span></p>
1439
1440<p class=MsoNormal>The instruction in the status bar of this frame tells you
1441how to enter a frame: first select the plot window, then press the ’<b
1442style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1443mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>F</span></b>’
1444key; that will “arm” the frame mask creator. Then select each corner of the
1445good part of the image in turn (I chose points with x=400 for the right edge)
1446with the left mouse button. After selecting the last point, close the frame
1447with a press of the right mouse button. As each point is selected a small green
1448‘+’ will be drawn on the plot connected with a green line to the previous
1449point. When you are done the image should look something like</p>
1450
1451<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1452 id="Picture_x0020_13" o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1453 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1454 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image010.png"
1455  o:title=""/>
1456</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1457src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image010.png"
1458v:shapes="Picture_x0020_13"><![endif]></span><span
1459style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1460
1461<p class=MsoNormal>Mask points can be moved by carefully selecting and dragging
1462then with the left button down (you may need to zoom in to do this); the right
1463mouse button will delete it. The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1464style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1465mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mask</span></b> data window will show the new
1466frame mask.</p>
1467
1468<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1469 id="Picture_x0020_19" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1470 height:165pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1471 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image023.png"
1472  o:title=""/>
1473</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=220
1474src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image024.png"
1475v:shapes="Picture_x0020_19"><![endif]></span></p>
1476
1477<p class=MsoNormal>Now go back to the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1478style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1479mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> tree item and do <b
1480style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1481mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1482minor-latin'>Calibration/Recalibrate</span></b>; a better calibration will
1483result.</p>
1484
1485<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1486 id="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
1487 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1488 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image012.png"
1489  o:title=""/>
1490</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1491src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image012.png"
1492v:shapes="_x0000_i1027"><![endif]></span></p>
1493
1494<p class=MsoNormal>Notice that the frame defined the calibration region.</p>
1495
1496<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1497 id="Picture_x0020_20" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:468pt;
1498 height:306pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1499 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image025.png"
1500  o:title=""/>
1501</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=624 height=408
1502src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image026.png"
1503v:shapes="Picture_x0020_20"><![endif]></span></p>
1504
1505<p class=MsoNormal>And notice the better fit obtained (smaller chi**2 and
1506smaller <span class=SpellE>esds</span>).</p>
1507
1508<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1509 id="Picture_x0020_18" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:447.75pt;
1510 height:98.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1511 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image014.png"
1512  o:title=""/>
1513</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=597 height=131
1514src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image014.png"
1515v:shapes="Picture_x0020_18"><![endif]></span></p>
1516
1517<p class=MsoNormal>In cases where particular types of detectors are placed
1518close to the sample (not the case here) and the diffraction pattern extends to
1519near the edges of the detector, the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1520style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1521mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Penetration</span></b> correction may need to
1522be refined. Just select the check box and do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1523normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1524minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calibration/Recalibrate</span></b>,
1525the result should be &gt;0 for a reasonable correction. Close examination of
1526the outer rings will show a small shift in the calculated rings to better match
1527the observed ones. Assuming that these calibration results will be applied to
1528other images to be later read into the same GSAS-II project, click on <b
1529style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1530mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1531minor-latin'>Use as default for all images</span></b>. You may also save a copy
1532of the calibration values to a file <span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1533mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1534minor-latin'>(<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>name</i><b
1535style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>.imctrl</b></span></span>) with the <span
1536class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1537"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1538minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Parms</span></b></span><b
1539style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1540mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1541minor-latin'>/Save Controls</span></b> menu item. To save the project,
1542including the now-derived calibration information, use the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1543normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1544minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>File/Save</span>
1545</b><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1546mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1547minor-latin'>Project</span></b><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1548mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1549minor-latin'> </span>menu item associated with the data tree window; as this
1550project has not been saved before the file save dialog will need a file name.
1551Don’t enter the extension; it will be set to “<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1552normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1553minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>.<span
1554class=SpellE>gpx</span></span></b>”.</p>
1555
1556<h2>Next step: <span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:#0070C0'>Integrate
1557the Data</span></span></h2>
1558
1559</div>
1560
1561</body>
1562
1563</html>
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