source: Tutorials/2DCalibration/Calibration of an area detector in GSAS.htm @ 2349

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413  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 1"/>
414  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 1"/>
415  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 1"/>
416  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1"/>
417  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1"/>
418  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1"/>
419  <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Revision"/>
420  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="34" QFormat="true"
421   Name="List Paragraph"/>
422  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" QFormat="true" Name="Quote"/>
423  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" QFormat="true"
424   Name="Intense Quote"/>
425  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1"/>
426  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1"/>
427  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1"/>
428  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1"/>
429  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 1"/>
430  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1"/>
431  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 1"/>
432  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1"/>
433  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 2"/>
434  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2"/>
435  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2"/>
436  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2"/>
437  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2"/>
438  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2"/>
439  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2"/>
440  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2"/>
441  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2"/>
442  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2"/>
443  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2"/>
444  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2"/>
445  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2"/>
446  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2"/>
447  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3"/>
448  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3"/>
449  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3"/>
450  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3"/>
451  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3"/>
452  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3"/>
453  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3"/>
454  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3"/>
455  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3"/>
456  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3"/>
457  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3"/>
458  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3"/>
459  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3"/>
460  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3"/>
461  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4"/>
462  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4"/>
463  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4"/>
464  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4"/>
465  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4"/>
466  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4"/>
467  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4"/>
468  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4"/>
469  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4"/>
470  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4"/>
471  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4"/>
472  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4"/>
473  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4"/>
474  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4"/>
475  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5"/>
476  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5"/>
477  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5"/>
478  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5"/>
479  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5"/>
480  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5"/>
481  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5"/>
482  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5"/>
483  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5"/>
484  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5"/>
485  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5"/>
486  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5"/>
487  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5"/>
488  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5"/>
489  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6"/>
490  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6"/>
491  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6"/>
492  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6"/>
493  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6"/>
494  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6"/>
495  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6"/>
496  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6"/>
497  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6"/>
498  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6"/>
499  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6"/>
500  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6"/>
501  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6"/>
502  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6"/>
503  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true"
504   Name="Subtle Emphasis"/>
505  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true"
506   Name="Intense Emphasis"/>
507  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true"
508   Name="Subtle Reference"/>
509  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true"
510   Name="Intense Reference"/>
511  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title"/>
512  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true"
513   UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography"/>
514  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true"
515   UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/>
516  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1"/>
517  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2"/>
518  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3"/>
519  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4"/>
520  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5"/>
521  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light"/>
522  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light"/>
523  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2"/>
524  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3"/>
525  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4"/>
526  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark"/>
527  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful"/>
528  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful"/>
529  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
530   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
531  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1"/>
532  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1"/>
533  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1"/>
534  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
535  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
536   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
537  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
538   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
539  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
540   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
541  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2"/>
542  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2"/>
543  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2"/>
544  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
545  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
546   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
547  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
548   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
549  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
550   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
551  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3"/>
552  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3"/>
553  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3"/>
554  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
555  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
556   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
557  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
558   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
559  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
560   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
561  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 4"/>
562  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 4"/>
563  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 4"/>
564  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
565  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
566   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
567  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
568   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
569  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
570   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
571  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5"/>
572  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5"/>
573  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5"/>
574  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
575  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
576   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
577  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
578   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
579  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
580   Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
581  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6"/>
582  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6"/>
583  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6"/>
584  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
585  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
586   Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
587  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
588   Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
589  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light"/>
590  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2"/>
591  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3"/>
592  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4"/>
593  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark"/>
594  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful"/>
595  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful"/>
596  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
597   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1"/>
598  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1"/>
599  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1"/>
600  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1"/>
601  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1"/>
602  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
603   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1"/>
604  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
605   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1"/>
606  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
607   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2"/>
608  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2"/>
609  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2"/>
610  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2"/>
611  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2"/>
612  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
613   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2"/>
614  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
615   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2"/>
616  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
617   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3"/>
618  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3"/>
619  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3"/>
620  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3"/>
621  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3"/>
622  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
623   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3"/>
624  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
625   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 3"/>
626  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
627   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 4"/>
628  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 4"/>
629  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 4"/>
630  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 4"/>
631  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 4"/>
632  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
633   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 4"/>
634  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
635   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 4"/>
636  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
637   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 5"/>
638  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5"/>
639  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5"/>
640  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 5"/>
641  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5"/>
642  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
643   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5"/>
644  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
645   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 5"/>
646  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46"
647   Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 6"/>
648  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6"/>
649  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6"/>
650  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 6"/>
651  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/>
652  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51"
653   Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/>
654  <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52"
655   Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/>
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1125<div class=WordSection1>
1126
1127<p class=MsoNormal><span class=Heading1Char><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>Calibration
1128of an area detector in GSAS-II</span></span><b><span style='font-size:14.0pt;
1129color:#365F91;mso-themecolor:accent1;mso-themeshade:191'><o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
1130
1131<p class=MsoNormal>In this tutorial, data collected with a Perkin-Elmer area
1132detector at APS 11-ID-C with a wavelength 0.10798 A, where the detector was
1133intentionally tilted at 45 degrees, are used. Note that menu entries are listed
1134in bold face below as <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1135style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1136mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1137minor-latin'>Help/About GSAS-II</span></b>, which lists first the name of the
1138menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1139"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1140minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Help</span></b>)
1141and second the name of the entry in the menu (here <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
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1143minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1144mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>About GSAS-II</span></b>).</p>
1145
1146<p class=MsoNormal>If you have not done so already, <u><span style='color:#0070C0'><a
1147href="Starting%20GSAS.htm"><span style='color:windowtext;text-decoration:none;
1148text-underline:none'>start GSAS-II</span></a></span></u>.</p>
1149
1150<h1>Step 1: read in the data file</h1>
1151
1152<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Use the <b
1153style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>Data/Read image data</b> menu item to read
1154the data file into the current GSAS-II project. </p>
1155
1156<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1157
1158<p class=MsoNormal>A file selection dialog will be shown; its appearance will
1159depend on your OS. Change the search directory to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1160normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1161minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1162mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>/exercises/2DCalibration</span></b> and then
1163select the file </p>
1164
1165<p class=MsoNormal><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1166style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1167mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1168minor-latin'>La_hex_+45deg-00015.tif</span></b> and press <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1169normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1170minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1171mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Open</span></b>.<span style='mso-no-proof:
1172yes'> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
1173
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1199src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image001.png"
1200v:shapes="Picture_x0020_1"><![endif]></span></p>
1201
1202<p class=MsoNormal>At this point the data tree window will have several
1203entries; the highlighted one specifies the contents of the data window as <b
1204style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1205mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1206Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span><o:p></o:p></b></p>
1207
1208<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1209 id="Picture_x0020_2" o:spid="_x0000_i1037" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:472.5pt;
1210 height:388.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1211 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image002.png"
1212  o:title=""/>
1213</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=630 height=518
1214src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image002.png"
1215v:shapes="Picture_x0020_2"><![endif]></span></p>
1216
1217<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>The plot window shows
1218the image; notice the elliptical shape of the powder diffraction rings due to the
121945 degree detector tilt. The blue <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1220style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1221mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1222minor-latin;color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1'>X</span></b> marks the beam
1223location (which defaults to the image center); the calibration you will perform
1224here will find the correct placement for it. Also note that as the mouse is
1225moved across the plot the plot window status bar (at bottom of plot window)
1226shows the cursor position, as computed from the default (incorrect) calibration
1227values. These constants will be correctly determined after you finish the
1228calibration.</p>
1229
1230<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><span
1231style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="Picture_x0020_15"
1232 o:spid="_x0000_i1036" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
1233 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1234 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image003.png"
1235  o:title=""/>
1236</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1237src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image003.png"
1238v:shapes="Picture_x0020_15"><![endif]></span></p>
1239
1240<h1><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Step 2: Edit image parameters</h1>
1241
1242<p class=MsoNormal>Note that, alas, very few image formats contain all of the
1243important metadata about the image, so it needs to be added manually. In this
1244case set the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:
1245"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:
1246minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>wavelength</span></b>
1247to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1248mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1249Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>0.10798</span></b>. We will be determining
1250the calibration values of all the checked items. In this case wavelength is
1251known (‘Penetration’ is a correction for x-ray penetration into the detector;
1252it is only needed when the detector is close to the sample). Under certain
1253circumstances it may be useful to restrict the calibration to fewer parameters
1254(i.e. if distance is presumed to be “known”) in which case you can uncheck some
1255of the calibration parameters and use their fixed values. It is also helpful to
1256change the display of the image so that it is easier to see the diffraction
1257rings. Lowering the maximum intensity to 10,000 to 20,000 counts will help
1258(note that this can be done by moving the slider, or by typing a value in the
1259box and then clicking on another control or pressing the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1260normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1261minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1262mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Enter</span></b> or <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1263normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1264minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1265mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Tab</span></b> key). You may also wish to
1266select another color scheme using the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1267style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1268mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1269minor-latin'>Color bar</span></b> selector. </p>
1270
1271<h1><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Step 3: Calibrate</h1>
1272
1273<h3><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>First: </h3>
1274
1275<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>   </span>Set the material
1276used as a sample in the box labeled <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1277normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1278minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1279mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Calibrant</span></b></span>; select <b
1280style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1281mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1282Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>LaB6 SRM660a</span></b></p>
1283
1284<h3>Second: </h3>
1285
1286<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>   </span>Use the <b
1287style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1288mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1289Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Calibrate</span></b> menu
1290item (note this menu is on the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1291style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1292mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1293minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> window or for the Mac, the <b
1294style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1295mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1296Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> window must
1297be active to place this into the system menu bar). At this point the status
1298line on the bottom of the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1299style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1300mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1301minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> window changes with a prompt to select
1302points for calibration.</p>
1303
1304<h3>Third: </h3>
1305
1306<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>Use the left mouse
1307button to click on at least five locations on the innermost ring. As each point
1308is defined, a red &quot;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1309style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1310mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1311minor-latin;color:red'>+</span></b>&quot; is added to the plot. You need not
1312hit the ring exactly as the code will search for the locally highest point in a
131340x40 pixel box. (On the Mac with a two or three button mouse, also use the
1314left mouse button, or with a standard Mac single-button mouse, use the regular
1315mouse button.)</p>
1316
1317<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1318 id="_x0000_i1035" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
1319 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1320 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image004.png"
1321  o:title=""/>
1322</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1323src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image004.png"
1324v:shapes="_x0000_i1035"><![endif]></span></p>
1325
1326<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>To remove a point
1327added in error click on that point with the right mouse button (on the Mac, if
1328you have a single-button mouse, hold the control key down and click). NB: it is
1329slightly better to pick points just inside the inner ring as GSAS-II will then find
1330the best point on that ring.</p>
1331
1332<h3><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>Fourth:</h3>
1333
1334<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  </span>When done, press the
1335right mouse button well away from any points that have been added (on the Mac,
1336if you have a single-button mouse, hold the control key down and click). </p>
1337
1338<p class=MsoNormal>The calibration is then performed. First the rings are
1339located and an ellipse is optimized for each ring. The indexed rings are first
1340shown briefly in red as the calibration proceeds and center of each ellipse is
1341noted with a blue &quot;<b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1342style='color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1'>+</span></b>&quot;; these will
1343track in the direction of the tilt. When all rings have been fitted, the entire
1344ensemble of rings is refitted to the detector parameters and the rings are then
1345shown in blue. The beam position (blue “<span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1346mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1347Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin;color:#4F81BD;mso-themecolor:accent1'>X</span>”)
1348is now correctly positioned.</p>
1349
1350<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><span
1351style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape id="_x0000_i1034" type="#_x0000_t75"
1352 style='width:525pt;height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1353 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image005.png"
1354  o:title=""/>
1355</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1356src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image005.png"
1357v:shapes="_x0000_i1034"><![endif]></span><span
1358style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1359
1360<p class=MsoNormal>The derived calibration results are shown in the <b
1361style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1362mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1363Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> window.</p>
1364
1365<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1366 id="Picture_x0020_16" o:spid="_x0000_i1033" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:472.5pt;
1367 height:388.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1368 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image006.png"
1369  o:title=""/>
1370</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=630 height=518
1371src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image006.png"
1372v:shapes="Picture_x0020_16"><![endif]></span><span
1373style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1374
1375<p class=MsoNormal><span class=GramE>and</span> the console window shows
1376details of the fit.</p>
1377
1378<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1379 id="Picture_x0020_11" o:spid="_x0000_i1032" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:447.75pt;
1380 height:107.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1381 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image007.png"
1382  o:title=""/>
1383</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=597 height=143
1384src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image007.png"
1385v:shapes="Picture_x0020_11"><![endif]></span></p>
1386
1387<p class=MsoNormal>The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1388style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1389mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>distance</span></b> is from the sample to the
1390plane containing the detector, <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1391normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1392minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>det</span></b></span><b
1393style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1394mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-x</span></b>
1395&amp; <span class=SpellE><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1396style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1397mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>det</span></b></span><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1398normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1399minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>-y</span></b> is the incident
1400beam location on the image, <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1401style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1402mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>tilt</span></b> is the angle of detector
1403rotation from being normal to the incident beam and <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1404normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1405minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>phi</span></b> is the rotation of
1406the detector tilt axis from the x-axis.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> 
1407</span>To see the actual points selected by the program, click on the <b
1408style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1409mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1410Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>show ring picks?</span></b> <span
1411class=GramE>check</span> box </p>
1412
1413<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1414 id="_x0000_i1031" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;height:450pt;
1415 visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1416 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image008.png"
1417  o:title=""/>
1418</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1419src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image008.png"
1420v:shapes="_x0000_i1031"><![endif]></span><span
1421style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span><span style='color:#1F497D;mso-themecolor:
1422text2'><o:p></o:p></span></p>
1423
1424<p class=MsoNormal>When this is done, it sometimes occurs that the points
1425selected for the outermost rings are scattered between that and the next ring.
1426This can be repaired by changing the pixel search range to <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1427normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1428minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>10</span></b> and using the <b
1429style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1430mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1431Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Recalibrate</span></b> menu
1432item. Also notice that the right edge of the image shows a ragged fit to the
1433rings because of an intensity falloff. This can be removed by placing a frame
1434mask about the “good” part of the pattern. Select the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1435normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1436minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Masks</span></b> GSAS-II data
1437tree item.</p>
1438
1439<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1440 id="Picture_x0020_19" o:spid="_x0000_i1030" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:297.75pt;
1441 height:99.75pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1442 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image009.png"
1443  o:title=""/>
1444</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=397 height=133
1445src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image009.png"
1446v:shapes="Picture_x0020_19"><![endif]></span></p>
1447
1448<p class=MsoNormal>The instruction in the status bar of this frame tells you
1449how to enter a frame: first select the plot window, then press the ’<b
1450style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1451mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>F</span></b>’
1452key; that will “arm” the frame mask creator. Then select each corner of the
1453good part of the image in turn (I chose points with x=400 for the right edge)
1454with the left mouse button. After selecting the last point, close the frame
1455with a press of the right mouse button. As each point is selected a small green
1456‘+’ will be drawn on the plot connected with a green line to the previous
1457point. When you are done the image should look something like</p>
1458
1459<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1460 id="Picture_x0020_13" o:spid="_x0000_i1029" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1461 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1462 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image010.png"
1463  o:title=""/>
1464</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1465src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image010.png"
1466v:shapes="Picture_x0020_13"><![endif]></span><span
1467style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span></p>
1468
1469<p class=MsoNormal>Mask points can be moved by carefully selecting and dragging
1470then with the left button down (you may need to zoom in to do this); the right
1471mouse button will delete it. The <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1472style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1473mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Mask</span></b> data window will show the new
1474frame mask.</p>
1475
1476<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1477 id="Picture_x0020_14" o:spid="_x0000_i1028" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:337.5pt;
1478 height:135pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1479 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image011.png"
1480  o:title=""/>
1481</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=450 height=180
1482src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image011.png"
1483v:shapes="Picture_x0020_14"><![endif]></span></p>
1484
1485<p class=MsoNormal>Now go back to the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1486style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1487mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Image Controls</span></b> tree item and do <b
1488style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1489mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1490Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Recalibrate</span></b>; a
1491better calibration will result.</p>
1492
1493<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1494 id="Picture_x0020_20" o:spid="_x0000_i1027" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:525pt;
1495 height:450pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1496 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image012.png"
1497  o:title=""/>
1498</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=700 height=600
1499src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image012.png"
1500v:shapes="Picture_x0020_20"><![endif]></span></p>
1501
1502<p class=MsoNormal>Notice that the frame defined the calibration region.</p>
1503
1504<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1505 id="Picture_x0020_17" o:spid="_x0000_i1026" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:472.5pt;
1506 height:388.5pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1507 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image013.png"
1508  o:title=""/>
1509</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=630 height=518
1510src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image013.png"
1511v:shapes="Picture_x0020_17"><![endif]></span></p>
1512
1513<p class=MsoNormal>And notice the better fit obtained (smaller chi**2 and
1514smaller <span class=SpellE>esds</span>).</p>
1515
1516<p class=MsoNormal><span style='mso-no-proof:yes'><!--[if gte vml 1]><v:shape
1517 id="Picture_x0020_18" o:spid="_x0000_i1025" type="#_x0000_t75" style='width:447.75pt;
1518 height:98.25pt;visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square'>
1519 <v:imagedata src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image014.png"
1520  o:title=""/>
1521</v:shape><![endif]--><![if !vml]><img border=0 width=597 height=131
1522src="Calibration%20of%20an%20area%20detector%20in%20GSAS_files/image014.png"
1523v:shapes="Picture_x0020_18"><![endif]></span></p>
1524
1525<p class=MsoNormal>In cases where particular types of detectors are placed
1526close to the sample (not the case here) and the diffraction pattern extends to
1527near the edges of the detector, the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1528style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1529mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Penetration</span></b> correction may need to
1530be refined. Just select the check box and do <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:
1531normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:
1532minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
1533mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Recalibrate</span></b>, the result
1534should be &gt;0 for a reasonable correction. Close examination of the outer
1535rings will show a small shift in the calculated rings to better match the
1536observed ones. Assuming that these calibration results will be applied to other
1537images to be later read into the same GSAS-II project, click on <b
1538style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1539mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1540Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Use as default for all images</span></b>.
1541You may also save a copy of the calibration values to a file <span
1542style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1543mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1544minor-latin'>(<span class=SpellE><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'>name</i><b
1545style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'>.imctrl</b></span></span>) with the <b
1546style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1547mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1548Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>Operations/Save Controls</span></b>
1549menu item. To save the project, including the now-derived calibration
1550information, use the <b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1551style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1552mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1553minor-latin'>File/Save</span> </b><b style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span
1554style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;
1555mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:
1556minor-latin'>Project</span></b><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1557mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1558Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'> </span>menu item associated with the
1559data tree window; as this project has not been saved before the file save
1560dialog will need a file name. Don’t enter the extension; it will be set to “<b
1561style='mso-bidi-font-weight:normal'><span style='font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;
1562mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:
1563Calibri;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-latin'>.<span class=SpellE>gpx</span></span></b>”.</p>
1564
1565<h2>Next step: <span class=MsoHyperlink><span style='color:#0070C0'>Integrate
1566the Data</span></span></h2>
1567
1568</div>
1569
1570</body>
1571
1572</html>
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