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EPICS IOC support documentation

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Installation Instructions for Pilatus Detectors

There are several steps to the installation process. This page was written during the installation of this code at 15ID-D on the USAXS/SAXS Pilatus 100k detector. You might need to change some values to fit your situation.

  1. Install the EPICS database into an existing IOC.
  2. Install GUI support screens for MEDM or CSS-BOY
  3. Install Enthought Python Distribution with PyEPICS on Pilatus host computer.
  4. Install (and test and configure) epicsdf.py on Pilatus host computer.
  5. Start cron task to keep epicsdf.py running on Pilatus host computer.

Install EPICS database in existing IOC

These instructions assume the support database will run in an existing EPICS IOC. In this example, <TOP> is the absolute directory path to the IOC’s top-level directory. In that directory, there will be some directory someApp where the source code for the IOC resides.

  1. Check out support from subversion:

    cd /tmp
    svn co https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/bcdaext/epicsdf epicsdf
    cd epicsdf
  2. Copy support database to <TOP>/someApp/Db directory:

    cd /net/s15dserv/xorApps/epics/synApps_5_4/ioc/15iddLAX/15iddLAXApp/Db
    cp /tmp/epicsdf/epics/epicsdf.db ./
    svn add epicsdf.db
    svn propset svn:eol-style native epicsdf.db
    svn propset svn:keywords "Author Date Id Revision Url" epicsdf.db
  3. Copy autosave request file to <TOP>/iocBoot/iocNAME directory:

    cd /net/s15dserv/xorApps/epics/synApps_5_4/ioc/15iddLAX/iocBoot/ioc15iddLAX
    cp /tmp/epicsdf/epics/epicsdf.req ./
    svn add epicsdf.req
    svn propset svn:eol-style native epicsdf.req
    svn propset svn:keywords "Author Date Id Revision Url" epicsdf.req
  4. Call support database from st.cmd file (edit that file and add like this before iocInit):

    # 2011-08-01,PRJ
    # database support for "df" command on Pilatus detector computer
    # https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/bcdaext/epicsdf/doc/build/html/index.html
    dbLoadRecords("$(TOP)/15iddLAXApp/Db/epicsdf.db", "P=15iddLAX:,D=p100k:")
    
  5. Register autosave request from auto_settings.req file (edit that file and add anywhere, usually at the end):

    # 2011-08-01,PRJ
    # database support for "df" command on Pilatus detector computer
    # https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/bcdaext/epicsdf/doc/build/html/index.html
    file epicsdf.req P=$(P),D=p100k:

Keep the directory /tmp/epicsdf for use in the next step, to install the GUI support.

Install GUI support

There are support screens for MEDM and CSS-BOY in the epics/ subdirectory.

  • epics/epicsdf.adl : MEDM screen, needs macros P and D defined
  • epics/epicsdf.opi : CSS-BOY screen, needs macros P and D defined
  • epics/starter.opi : CSS-BOY screen, defines P and D and calls epicsdf.opi

Copy these screens to the appropriate directory for the tool you use:

cd /net/s15dserv/xorApps/epics/synApps_5_4/ioc/15iddLAX/15iddLAXApp/op/adl
cp /tmp/epicsdf/epics/epicsdf.adl ./
svn add epicsdf.adl

The MEDM screen can be called from the command line with a command such as:

medm -x -macro P=15iddLAX:,D=p100k: epicsdf.adl &

The directory /tmp/epicsdf can be discarded now.

Install Enthought Python Distribution

warning:Procedure to install PyEPICS is flawed. On Linux, fails to find libCom.so.3.14... Works when matching libCom.so.(ver.sion) is copied to same place.

These instructions describe installation of 32-bit support on the Pilatus host computer (usually SUSE Linux).

  1. Copy deployment software to Pilatus host computer:

    cd /tmp
    svn co https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/bcdaext/epd_deployment epd_deployment
    cd epd_deployment
  2. Copy Enthought installer to Pilatus host computer:

    cp /APSshare/epd/downloads/epd-7.1-2-rh5-x86_64.sh ./images
    chmod +x ./images/epd-7.1-2-rh5-x86_64.sh
  3. Check the installation script for valid paths against what is available on the Pilatus host computer.

    There are several scripts. Here, just edit the macros in the 64-bit script

    • install-rhel5-64.sh: installer shell script for 64-bit support

    macro

    meaning

    SRC

    relative path to the Enthought installer script

    LIBCA

    absolute path to EPICS libCa.so built for this OS

    EPD_ROOT

    absolute path under which this EPD will be installed

    note:

    Consider adding the path defined by ${EPD_ROOT}/bin to the shell PATH variable.

    note:Suggest EPD_ROOT=/home/det/epd for Pilatus detectors. This makes the Python executable available at /home/det/epd/rh5-x86_64/bin/python

    These parameters seem to work well:

    SRC=/tmp/epd_deployment/images/epd-7.1-2-rh5-x86_64.sh LIBCA=/home/det/epics/base-3.14.9/lib/linux-x86_64/libca.so.3.14 EPD_ROOT=/home/det/epd

  4. Run installation script:

    /bin/sh ./install-rhel5-64.sh

The directory /tmp/epd_deployment can be discarded now.

  1. Consider defining this environment variable:

    EPD=/home/det/epd/rh5-x86_64

Test PyEPICS

Test the Python EPICS support (PyEPICS) by printing the APS storage ring current.

command_line> ${EPD}/bin/python
import epics
print epics.caget('S:SRcurrentAI')

This can be run as:

${EPD_ROOT}/bin/python test_pyepics.py

If this fails on the import epics statement, then the libCa.so module is probably not found.

Install epicsdf Python client code

  1. Check out support from subversion:

    cd ~
    svn co https://subversion.xray.aps.anl.gov/bcdaext/epicsdf epicsdf
    cd epicsdf
  2. Revise self.sender in src/epicsdf.py. Specify the name of a valid APS email address as the sender. The epicsdf.sendmail() sends mail using the mail program on the host operating system. By default, the Pilatus detectors are in the dectris.localdomain which is not allowed to send mail within the APS.

Test epicsdf

Try running the program directly. Note the program accepts a single PV prefix

as its argument (including the df:):

/home/det/epd/rh5-x86_64/bin/python src/epicsdf.py 15iddLAX:p100:df:

Configure epicsdf

Verify that the starter shell script shell/epicsdf.sh works properly.

Move to the shell directory and edit both files. Adjust these items:

macro example value
DATABASE_PREFIX 15iddLAX:p100:df:
APP_BASE_DIR /home/det/epicsdf
PYTHON /home/det/epd/rh5-x86_64/bin/python

These parameters seem to work well (replace yyyyyyy:zzzzzz with correct PV parts):

DATABASE_PREFIX=yyyyyyy:zzzzzz:df: APP_BASE_DIR=/home/det/epicsdf PYTHON=/home/det/epd/rh5-x86_64/bin/python

Test this by running each of these commands individually and looking at the output in the shell/epicsdf.log log file:

shell/epicsdf.sh start           # should start the program
shell/epicsdf.sh status          # should say program is running
shell/epicsdf.sh stop            # should stop program
shell/epicsdf.sh restart         # should start program
shell/epicsdf.sh restart         # should stop and then start program
shell/epicsdf.sh checkup         # does nothing this time
shell/epicsdf.sh stop            # should stop program
shell/epicsdf.sh checkup         # should start program
shell/epicsdf.sh checkup         # does nothing this time

For convenience, you could also (enter the shell directory and) type make start, make stop, ...

Note: The first time shell/epicsdf.sh is run, the log file will contain some error information since the PID file has not yet been created. No problem for the first time. Maybe some additional code will be added to work around this. Ignore this error if it occurs the first time. You could even scrape it out of the log file.

# ===== shell/epicsdf.sh start =====  Tue Aug  2 15:01:29 CDT 2011  ==================================
/bin/cat: /home/det/epicsdf/shell/epicsdf.pid: No such file or directory
ERROR: List of process IDs must follow -p.
********* simple selection *********  ********* selection by list *********
-A all processes                      -C by command name
-N negate selection                   -G by real group ID (supports names)
-a all w/ tty except session leaders  -U by real user ID (supports names)
-d all except session leaders         -g by session OR by effective group name
-e all processes                      -p by process ID
T  all processes on this terminal     -s processes in the sessions given
a  all w/ tty, including other users  -t by tty
g  OBSOLETE -- DO NOT USE             -u by effective user ID (supports names)
r  only running processes             U  processes for specified users
x  processes w/o controlling ttys     t  by tty
*********** output format **********  *********** long options ***********
-o,o user-defined  -f full            --Group --User --pid --cols --ppid
-j,j job control   s  signal          --group --user --sid --rows --info
-O,O preloaded -o  v  virtual memory  --cumulative --format --deselect
-l,l long          u  user-oriented   --sort --tty --forest --version
-F   extra full    X  registers       --heading --no-heading --context
                    ********* misc options *********
-V,V  show version      L  list format codes  f  ASCII art forest
-m,m,-L,-T,H  threads   S  children in sum    -y change -l format
-M,Z  security data     c  true command name  -c scheduling class
-w,w  wide output       n  numeric WCHAN,UID  -H process hierarchy
# started 9233: /home/det/epd/rh5-x86_64/bin/python /home/det/epicsdf/src/epicsdf.py 15iddLAX:p100:df:

Start periodic cron task

To ensure that the Python client program is restarted wfter a host reboot (or some other reason it has stopped), a periodic cron task checks that there is a PID running on the system and that PID is our python job. This is done by periodically calling:

epics/epicsdf.sh checkup

which will start a new client program if it is not running. The cron task is started by:

crontab -e
note:You will probably need to know how to use the vi editor. Good luck!

Add these contents to the end of the list, save, and then quit the editor. (Runs a checkup every 5 minutes.):

# cron task
#  epicsdf-
#     watch some local disk partition and report it to EPICS,
#     send emails if space runs low
*/5 * * * * /home/det/epicsdf/shell/epicsdf.sh checkup

a few VI editor commands

These are the few VI editor commands to help you edit the cron task. The notation [esc] means to press the escape key. If you need more help, you need the manual.

command meaning
i start insert mode (so you can enter text)
[esc] leave insert mode
:w! save: write the contents back to the file but do not quit vi yet.
:q! quit: Leave the program. If you have not saved first with :w!, your changes will be lost – forever. This is how you do a cancel - no save.
ZZ save and quit